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# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
VERSION = 5
PATCHLEVEL = 4
SUBLEVEL = 0
EXTRAVERSION =
NAME = Kleptomaniac Octopus

# *DOCUMENTATION*
# To see a list of typical targets execute "make help"
# More info can be located in ./README
# Comments in this file are targeted only to the developer, do not
# expect to learn how to build the kernel reading this file.

# That's our default target when none is given on the command line
PHONY := _all
_all:

# We are using a recursive build, so we need to do a little thinking
# to get the ordering right.
#
# Most importantly: sub-Makefiles should only ever modify files in
# their own directory. If in some directory we have a dependency on
# a file in another dir (which doesn't happen often, but it's often
# unavoidable when linking the built-in.a targets which finally
# turn into vmlinux), we will call a sub make in that other dir, and
# after that we are sure that everything which is in that other dir
# is now up to date.
#
# The only cases where we need to modify files which have global
# effects are thus separated out and done before the recursive
# descending is started. They are now explicitly listed as the
# prepare rule.

ifneq ($(sub_make_done),1)

# Do not use make's built-in rules and variables
# (this increases performance and avoids hard-to-debug behaviour)
MAKEFLAGS += -rR

# Avoid funny character set dependencies
unexport LC_ALL
LC_COLLATE=C
LC_NUMERIC=C
export LC_COLLATE LC_NUMERIC

# Avoid interference with shell env settings
unexport GREP_OPTIONS

# Beautify output
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
# Normally, we echo the whole command before executing it. By making
# that echo $($(quiet)$(cmd)), we now have the possibility to set
# $(quiet) to choose other forms of output instead, e.g.
#
#         quiet_cmd_cc_o_c = Compiling $(RELDIR)/$@
#         cmd_cc_o_c       = $(CC) $(c_flags) -c -o $@ $<
#
# If $(quiet) is empty, the whole command will be printed.
# If it is set to "quiet_", only the short version will be printed.
# If it is set to "silent_", nothing will be printed at all, since
# the variable $(silent_cmd_cc_o_c) doesn't exist.
#
# A simple variant is to prefix commands with $(Q) - that's useful
# for commands that shall be hidden in non-verbose mode.
#
#	$(Q)ln $@ :<
#
# If KBUILD_VERBOSE equals 0 then the above command will be hidden.
# If KBUILD_VERBOSE equals 1 then the above command is displayed.
#
# To put more focus on warnings, be less verbose as default
# Use 'make V=1' to see the full commands

ifeq ("$(origin V)", "command line")
  KBUILD_VERBOSE = $(V)
endif
ifndef KBUILD_VERBOSE
  KBUILD_VERBOSE = 0
endif

ifeq ($(KBUILD_VERBOSE),1)
  quiet =
  Q =
else
  quiet=quiet_
  Q = @
endif

# If the user is running make -s (silent mode), suppress echoing of
# commands

ifneq ($(findstring s,$(filter-out --%,$(MAKEFLAGS))),)
  quiet=silent_
endif

export quiet Q KBUILD_VERBOSE

# Kbuild will save output files in the current working directory.
# This does not need to match to the root of the kernel source tree.
#
# For example, you can do this:
#
#  cd /dir/to/store/output/files; make -f /dir/to/kernel/source/Makefile
#
# If you want to save output files in a different location, there are
# two syntaxes to specify it.
#
# 1) O=
# Use "make O=dir/to/store/output/files/"
#
# 2) Set KBUILD_OUTPUT
# Set the environment variable KBUILD_OUTPUT to point to the output directory.
# export KBUILD_OUTPUT=dir/to/store/output/files/; make
#
# The O= assignment takes precedence over the KBUILD_OUTPUT environment
# variable.

# Do we want to change the working directory?
ifeq ("$(origin O)", "command line")
  KBUILD_OUTPUT := $(O)
endif

ifneq ($(KBUILD_OUTPUT),)
# Make's built-in functions such as $(abspath ...), $(realpath ...) cannot
# expand a shell special character '~'. We use a somewhat tedious way here.
abs_objtree := $(shell mkdir -p $(KBUILD_OUTPUT) && cd $(KBUILD_OUTPUT) && pwd)
$(if $(abs_objtree),, \
     $(error failed to create output directory "$(KBUILD_OUTPUT)"))

# $(realpath ...) resolves symlinks
abs_objtree := $(realpath $(abs_objtree))
else
abs_objtree := $(CURDIR)
endif # ifneq ($(KBUILD_OUTPUT),)

ifeq ($(abs_objtree),$(CURDIR))
# Suppress "Entering directory ..." unless we are changing the work directory.
MAKEFLAGS += --no-print-directory
else
need-sub-make := 1
endif

abs_srctree := $(realpath $(dir $(lastword $(MAKEFILE_LIST))))

ifneq ($(words $(subst :, ,$(abs_srctree))), 1)
$(error source directory cannot contain spaces or colons)
endif

ifneq ($(abs_srctree),$(abs_objtree))
# Look for make include files relative to root of kernel src
#
# This does not become effective immediately because MAKEFLAGS is re-parsed
# once after the Makefile is read. We need to invoke sub-make.
MAKEFLAGS += --include-dir=$(abs_srctree)
need-sub-make := 1
endif

ifneq ($(filter 3.%,$(MAKE_VERSION)),)
# 'MAKEFLAGS += -rR' does not immediately become effective for GNU Make 3.x
# We need to invoke sub-make to avoid implicit rules in the top Makefile.
need-sub-make := 1
# Cancel implicit rules for this Makefile.
$(lastword $(MAKEFILE_LIST)): ;
endif

export abs_srctree abs_objtree
export sub_make_done := 1

ifeq ($(need-sub-make),1)

PHONY += $(MAKECMDGOALS) sub-make

$(filter-out _all sub-make $(lastword $(MAKEFILE_LIST)), $(MAKECMDGOALS)) _all: sub-make
	@:

# Invoke a second make in the output directory, passing relevant variables
sub-make:
	$(Q)$(MAKE) -C $(abs_objtree) -f $(abs_srctree)/Makefile $(MAKECMDGOALS)

endif # need-sub-make
endif # sub_make_done

# We process the rest of the Makefile if this is the final invocation of make
ifeq ($(need-sub-make),)

# Do not print "Entering directory ...",
# but we want to display it when entering to the output directory
# so that IDEs/editors are able to understand relative filenames.
MAKEFLAGS += --no-print-directory

# Call a source code checker (by default, "sparse") as part of the
# C compilation.
#
# Use 'make C=1' to enable checking of only re-compiled files.
# Use 'make C=2' to enable checking of *all* source files, regardless
# of whether they are re-compiled or not.
#
# See the file "Documentation/dev-tools/sparse.rst" for more details,
# including where to get the "sparse" utility.

ifeq ("$(origin C)", "command line")
  KBUILD_CHECKSRC = $(C)
endif
ifndef KBUILD_CHECKSRC
  KBUILD_CHECKSRC = 0
endif

# Use make M=dir or set the environment variable KBUILD_EXTMOD to specify the
# directory of external module to build. Setting M= takes precedence.
ifeq ("$(origin M)", "command line")
  KBUILD_EXTMOD := $(M)
endif

export KBUILD_CHECKSRC KBUILD_EXTMOD

extmod-prefix = $(if $(KBUILD_EXTMOD),$(KBUILD_EXTMOD)/)

ifeq ($(abs_srctree),$(abs_objtree))
        # building in the source tree
        srctree := .
	building_out_of_srctree :=
else
        ifeq ($(abs_srctree)/,$(dir $(abs_objtree)))
                # building in a subdirectory of the source tree
                srctree := ..
        else
                srctree := $(abs_srctree)
        endif
	building_out_of_srctree := 1
endif

ifneq ($(KBUILD_ABS_SRCTREE),)
srctree := $(abs_srctree)
endif

objtree		:= .
VPATH		:= $(srctree)

export building_out_of_srctree srctree objtree VPATH

# To make sure we do not include .config for any of the *config targets
# catch them early, and hand them over to scripts/kconfig/Makefile
# It is allowed to specify more targets when calling make, including
# mixing *config targets and build targets.
# For example 'make oldconfig all'.
# Detect when mixed targets is specified, and make a second invocation
# of make so .config is not included in this case either (for *config).

version_h := include/generated/uapi/linux/version.h
old_version_h := include/linux/version.h

clean-targets := %clean mrproper cleandocs
no-dot-config-targets := $(clean-targets) \
			 cscope gtags TAGS tags help% %docs check% coccicheck \
			 $(version_h) headers headers_% archheaders archscripts \
			 %asm-generic kernelversion %src-pkg
no-sync-config-targets := $(no-dot-config-targets) install %install \
			   kernelrelease
single-targets := %.a %.i %.ko %.lds %.ll %.lst %.mod %.o %.s %.symtypes %/

config-build	:=
mixed-build	:=
need-config	:= 1
may-sync-config	:= 1
single-build	:=

ifneq ($(filter $(no-dot-config-targets), $(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
	ifeq ($(filter-out $(no-dot-config-targets), $(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
		need-config :=
	endif
endif

ifneq ($(filter $(no-sync-config-targets), $(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
	ifeq ($(filter-out $(no-sync-config-targets), $(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
		may-sync-config :=
	endif
endif

ifneq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
	may-sync-config :=
endif

ifeq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
        ifneq ($(filter config %config,$(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
		config-build := 1
                ifneq ($(words $(MAKECMDGOALS)),1)
			mixed-build := 1
                endif
        endif
endif

# We cannot build single targets and the others at the same time
ifneq ($(filter $(single-targets), $(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
	single-build := 1
	ifneq ($(filter-out $(single-targets), $(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
		mixed-build := 1
	endif
endif

# For "make -j clean all", "make -j mrproper defconfig all", etc.
ifneq ($(filter $(clean-targets),$(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
        ifneq ($(filter-out $(clean-targets),$(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
		mixed-build := 1
        endif
endif

# install and modules_install need also be processed one by one
ifneq ($(filter install,$(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
        ifneq ($(filter modules_install,$(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
		mixed-build := 1
        endif
endif

ifdef mixed-build
# ===========================================================================
# We're called with mixed targets (*config and build targets).
# Handle them one by one.

PHONY += $(MAKECMDGOALS) __build_one_by_one

$(filter-out __build_one_by_one, $(MAKECMDGOALS)): __build_one_by_one
	@:

__build_one_by_one:
	$(Q)set -e; \
	for i in $(MAKECMDGOALS); do \
		$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/Makefile $$i; \
	done

else # !mixed-build

include scripts/Kbuild.include

# Read KERNELRELEASE from include/config/kernel.release (if it exists)
KERNELRELEASE = $(shell cat include/config/kernel.release 2> /dev/null)
KERNELVERSION = $(VERSION)$(if $(PATCHLEVEL),.$(PATCHLEVEL)$(if $(SUBLEVEL),.$(SUBLEVEL)))$(EXTRAVERSION)
export VERSION PATCHLEVEL SUBLEVEL KERNELRELEASE KERNELVERSION

include scripts/subarch.include

# Cross compiling and selecting different set of gcc/bin-utils
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
# When performing cross compilation for other architectures ARCH shall be set
# to the target architecture. (See arch/* for the possibilities).
# ARCH can be set during invocation of make:
# make ARCH=ia64
# Another way is to have ARCH set in the environment.
# The default ARCH is the host where make is executed.

# CROSS_COMPILE specify the prefix used for all executables used
# during compilation. Only gcc and related bin-utils executables
# are prefixed with $(CROSS_COMPILE).
# CROSS_COMPILE can be set on the command line
# make CROSS_COMPILE=ia64-linux-
# Alternatively CROSS_COMPILE can be set in the environment.
# Default value for CROSS_COMPILE is not to prefix executables
# Note: Some architectures assign CROSS_COMPILE in their arch/*/Makefile
ARCH		?= $(SUBARCH)

# Architecture as present in compile.h
UTS_MACHINE 	:= $(ARCH)
SRCARCH 	:= $(ARCH)

# Additional ARCH settings for x86
ifeq ($(ARCH),i386)
        SRCARCH := x86
endif
ifeq ($(ARCH),x86_64)
        SRCARCH := x86
endif

# Additional ARCH settings for sparc
ifeq ($(ARCH),sparc32)
       SRCARCH := sparc
endif
ifeq ($(ARCH),sparc64)
       SRCARCH := sparc
endif

# Additional ARCH settings for sh
ifeq ($(ARCH),sh64)
       SRCARCH := sh
endif

KCONFIG_CONFIG	?= .config
export KCONFIG_CONFIG

# SHELL used by kbuild
CONFIG_SHELL := sh

HOST_LFS_CFLAGS := $(shell getconf LFS_CFLAGS 2>/dev/null)
HOST_LFS_LDFLAGS := $(shell getconf LFS_LDFLAGS 2>/dev/null)
HOST_LFS_LIBS := $(shell getconf LFS_LIBS 2>/dev/null)

HOSTCC       = gcc
HOSTCXX      = g++
KBUILD_HOSTCFLAGS   := -Wall -Wmissing-prototypes -Wstrict-prototypes -O2 \
		-fomit-frame-pointer -std=gnu89 $(HOST_LFS_CFLAGS) \
		$(HOSTCFLAGS)
KBUILD_HOSTCXXFLAGS := -O2 $(HOST_LFS_CFLAGS) $(HOSTCXXFLAGS)
KBUILD_HOSTLDFLAGS  := $(HOST_LFS_LDFLAGS) $(HOSTLDFLAGS)
KBUILD_HOSTLDLIBS   := $(HOST_LFS_LIBS) $(HOSTLDLIBS)

# Make variables (CC, etc...)
AS		= $(CROSS_COMPILE)as
LD		= $(CROSS_COMPILE)ld
CC		= $(CROSS_COMPILE)gcc
CPP		= $(CC) -E
AR		= $(CROSS_COMPILE)ar
NM		= $(CROSS_COMPILE)nm
STRIP		= $(CROSS_COMPILE)strip
OBJCOPY		= $(CROSS_COMPILE)objcopy
OBJDUMP		= $(CROSS_COMPILE)objdump
OBJSIZE		= $(CROSS_COMPILE)size
PAHOLE		= pahole
LEX		= flex
YACC		= bison
AWK		= awk
INSTALLKERNEL  := installkernel
DEPMOD		= /sbin/depmod
PERL		= perl
PYTHON		= python
PYTHON2		= python2
PYTHON3		= python3
CHECK		= sparse
BASH		= bash

CHECKFLAGS     := -D__linux__ -Dlinux -D__STDC__ -Dunix -D__unix__ \
		  -Wbitwise -Wno-return-void -Wno-unknown-attribute $(CF)
NOSTDINC_FLAGS :=
CFLAGS_MODULE   =
AFLAGS_MODULE   =
LDFLAGS_MODULE  =
CFLAGS_KERNEL	=
AFLAGS_KERNEL	=
LDFLAGS_vmlinux =

# Use USERINCLUDE when you must reference the UAPI directories only.
USERINCLUDE    := \
		-I$(srctree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/include/uapi \
		-I$(objtree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/include/generated/uapi \
		-I$(srctree)/include/uapi \
		-I$(objtree)/include/generated/uapi \
                -include $(srctree)/include/linux/kconfig.h

# Use LINUXINCLUDE when you must reference the include/ directory.
# Needed to be compatible with the O= option
LINUXINCLUDE    := \
		-I$(srctree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/include \
		-I$(objtree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/include/generated \
		$(if $(building_out_of_srctree),-I$(srctree)/include) \
		-I$(objtree)/include \
		$(USERINCLUDE)

KBUILD_AFLAGS   := -D__ASSEMBLY__ -fno-PIE
KBUILD_CFLAGS   := -Wall -Wundef -Werror=strict-prototypes -Wno-trigraphs \
		   -fno-strict-aliasing -fno-common -fshort-wchar -fno-PIE \
		   -Werror=implicit-function-declaration -Werror=implicit-int \
		   -Wno-format-security \
		   -std=gnu89
KBUILD_CPPFLAGS := -D__KERNEL__
KBUILD_AFLAGS_KERNEL :=
KBUILD_CFLAGS_KERNEL :=
KBUILD_AFLAGS_MODULE  := -DMODULE
KBUILD_CFLAGS_MODULE  := -DMODULE
KBUILD_LDFLAGS_MODULE :=
export KBUILD_LDS_MODULE := $(srctree)/scripts/module-common.lds
KBUILD_LDFLAGS :=
GCC_PLUGINS_CFLAGS :=
CLANG_FLAGS :=

export ARCH SRCARCH CONFIG_SHELL BASH HOSTCC KBUILD_HOSTCFLAGS CROSS_COMPILE AS LD CC
export CPP AR NM STRIP OBJCOPY OBJDUMP OBJSIZE PAHOLE LEX YACC AWK INSTALLKERNEL
export PERL PYTHON PYTHON2 PYTHON3 CHECK CHECKFLAGS MAKE UTS_MACHINE HOSTCXX
export KBUILD_HOSTCXXFLAGS KBUILD_HOSTLDFLAGS KBUILD_HOSTLDLIBS LDFLAGS_MODULE

export KBUILD_CPPFLAGS NOSTDINC_FLAGS LINUXINCLUDE OBJCOPYFLAGS KBUILD_LDFLAGS
export KBUILD_CFLAGS CFLAGS_KERNEL CFLAGS_MODULE
export CFLAGS_KASAN CFLAGS_KASAN_NOSANITIZE CFLAGS_UBSAN
export KBUILD_AFLAGS AFLAGS_KERNEL AFLAGS_MODULE
export KBUILD_AFLAGS_MODULE KBUILD_CFLAGS_MODULE KBUILD_LDFLAGS_MODULE
export KBUILD_AFLAGS_KERNEL KBUILD_CFLAGS_KERNEL

# Files to ignore in find ... statements

export RCS_FIND_IGNORE := \( -name SCCS -o -name BitKeeper -o -name .svn -o    \
			  -name CVS -o -name .pc -o -name .hg -o -name .git \) \
			  -prune -o
export RCS_TAR_IGNORE := --exclude SCCS --exclude BitKeeper --exclude .svn \
			 --exclude CVS --exclude .pc --exclude .hg --exclude .git

# ===========================================================================
# Rules shared between *config targets and build targets

# Basic helpers built in scripts/basic/
PHONY += scripts_basic
scripts_basic:
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=scripts/basic
	$(Q)rm -f .tmp_quiet_recordmcount

PHONY += outputmakefile
# Before starting out-of-tree build, make sure the source tree is clean.
# outputmakefile generates a Makefile in the output directory, if using a
# separate output directory. This allows convenient use of make in the
# output directory.
# At the same time when output Makefile generated, generate .gitignore to
# ignore whole output directory
outputmakefile:
ifdef building_out_of_srctree
	$(Q)if [ -f $(srctree)/.config -o \
		 -d $(srctree)/include/config -o \
		 -d $(srctree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/include/generated ]; then \
		echo >&2 "***"; \
		echo >&2 "*** The source tree is not clean, please run 'make$(if $(findstring command line, $(origin ARCH)), ARCH=$(ARCH)) mrproper'"; \
		echo >&2 "*** in $(abs_srctree)";\
		echo >&2 "***"; \
		false; \
	fi
	$(Q)ln -fsn $(srctree) source
	$(Q)$(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/mkmakefile $(srctree)
	$(Q)test -e .gitignore || \
	{ echo "# this is build directory, ignore it"; echo "*"; } > .gitignore
endif

ifneq ($(shell $(CC) --version 2>&1 | head -n 1 | grep clang),)
ifneq ($(CROSS_COMPILE),)
CLANG_FLAGS	+= --target=$(notdir $(CROSS_COMPILE:%-=%))
GCC_TOOLCHAIN_DIR := $(dir $(shell which $(CROSS_COMPILE)elfedit))
CLANG_FLAGS	+= --prefix=$(GCC_TOOLCHAIN_DIR)
GCC_TOOLCHAIN	:= $(realpath $(GCC_TOOLCHAIN_DIR)/..)
endif
ifneq ($(GCC_TOOLCHAIN),)
CLANG_FLAGS	+= --gcc-toolchain=$(GCC_TOOLCHAIN)
endif
ifeq ($(shell $(AS) --version 2>&1 | head -n 1 | grep clang),)
CLANG_FLAGS	+= -no-integrated-as
endif
CLANG_FLAGS	+= -Werror=unknown-warning-option
KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= $(CLANG_FLAGS)
KBUILD_AFLAGS	+= $(CLANG_FLAGS)
export CLANG_FLAGS
endif

# The expansion should be delayed until arch/$(SRCARCH)/Makefile is included.
# Some architectures define CROSS_COMPILE in arch/$(SRCARCH)/Makefile.
# CC_VERSION_TEXT is referenced from Kconfig (so it needs export),
# and from include/config/auto.conf.cmd to detect the compiler upgrade.
CC_VERSION_TEXT = $(shell $(CC) --version 2>/dev/null | head -n 1)

ifdef config-build
# ===========================================================================
# *config targets only - make sure prerequisites are updated, and descend
# in scripts/kconfig to make the *config target

# Read arch specific Makefile to set KBUILD_DEFCONFIG as needed.
# KBUILD_DEFCONFIG may point out an alternative default configuration
# used for 'make defconfig'
include arch/$(SRCARCH)/Makefile
export KBUILD_DEFCONFIG KBUILD_KCONFIG CC_VERSION_TEXT

config: outputmakefile scripts_basic FORCE
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=scripts/kconfig $@

%config: outputmakefile scripts_basic FORCE
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=scripts/kconfig $@

else #!config-build
# ===========================================================================
# Build targets only - this includes vmlinux, arch specific targets, clean
# targets and others. In general all targets except *config targets.

# If building an external module we do not care about the all: rule
# but instead _all depend on modules
PHONY += all
ifeq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
_all: all
else
_all: modules
endif

# Decide whether to build built-in, modular, or both.
# Normally, just do built-in.

KBUILD_MODULES :=
KBUILD_BUILTIN := 1

# If we have only "make modules", don't compile built-in objects.
# When we're building modules with modversions, we need to consider
# the built-in objects during the descend as well, in order to
# make sure the checksums are up to date before we record them.

ifeq ($(MAKECMDGOALS),modules)
  KBUILD_BUILTIN := $(if $(CONFIG_MODVERSIONS),1)
endif

# If we have "make <whatever> modules", compile modules
# in addition to whatever we do anyway.
# Just "make" or "make all" shall build modules as well

ifneq ($(filter all _all modules nsdeps,$(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
  KBUILD_MODULES := 1
endif

ifeq ($(MAKECMDGOALS),)
  KBUILD_MODULES := 1
endif

export KBUILD_MODULES KBUILD_BUILTIN

ifdef need-config
include include/config/auto.conf
endif

ifeq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
# Objects we will link into vmlinux / subdirs we need to visit
init-y		:= init/
drivers-y	:= drivers/ sound/
drivers-$(CONFIG_SAMPLES) += samples/
drivers-$(CONFIG_KERNEL_HEADER_TEST) += include/
net-y		:= net/
libs-y		:= lib/
core-y		:= usr/
virt-y		:= virt/
endif # KBUILD_EXTMOD

# The all: target is the default when no target is given on the
# command line.
# This allow a user to issue only 'make' to build a kernel including modules
# Defaults to vmlinux, but the arch makefile usually adds further targets
all: vmlinux

CFLAGS_GCOV	:= -fprofile-arcs -ftest-coverage \
	$(call cc-option,-fno-tree-loop-im) \
	$(call cc-disable-warning,maybe-uninitialized,)
export CFLAGS_GCOV

# The arch Makefiles can override CC_FLAGS_FTRACE. We may also append it later.
ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER
  CC_FLAGS_FTRACE := -pg
endif

RETPOLINE_CFLAGS_GCC := -mindirect-branch=thunk-extern -mindirect-branch-register
RETPOLINE_VDSO_CFLAGS_GCC := -mindirect-branch=thunk-inline -mindirect-branch-register
RETPOLINE_CFLAGS_CLANG := -mretpoline-external-thunk
RETPOLINE_VDSO_CFLAGS_CLANG := -mretpoline
RETPOLINE_CFLAGS := $(call cc-option,$(RETPOLINE_CFLAGS_GCC),$(call cc-option,$(RETPOLINE_CFLAGS_CLANG)))
RETPOLINE_VDSO_CFLAGS := $(call cc-option,$(RETPOLINE_VDSO_CFLAGS_GCC),$(call cc-option,$(RETPOLINE_VDSO_CFLAGS_CLANG)))
export RETPOLINE_CFLAGS
export RETPOLINE_VDSO_CFLAGS

include arch/$(SRCARCH)/Makefile

ifdef need-config
ifdef may-sync-config
# Read in dependencies to all Kconfig* files, make sure to run syncconfig if
# changes are detected. This should be included after arch/$(SRCARCH)/Makefile
# because some architectures define CROSS_COMPILE there.
include include/config/auto.conf.cmd

$(KCONFIG_CONFIG):
	@echo >&2 '***'
	@echo >&2 '*** Configuration file "$@" not found!'
	@echo >&2 '***'
	@echo >&2 '*** Please run some configurator (e.g. "make oldconfig" or'
	@echo >&2 '*** "make menuconfig" or "make xconfig").'
	@echo >&2 '***'
	@/bin/false

# The actual configuration files used during the build are stored in
# include/generated/ and include/config/. Update them if .config is newer than
# include/config/auto.conf (which mirrors .config).
#
# This exploits the 'multi-target pattern rule' trick.
# The syncconfig should be executed only once to make all the targets.
%/auto.conf %/auto.conf.cmd %/tristate.conf: $(KCONFIG_CONFIG)
	$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/Makefile syncconfig
else # !may-sync-config
# External modules and some install targets need include/generated/autoconf.h
# and include/config/auto.conf but do not care if they are up-to-date.
# Use auto.conf to trigger the test
PHONY += include/config/auto.conf

include/config/auto.conf:
	$(Q)test -e include/generated/autoconf.h -a -e $@ || (		\
	echo >&2;							\
	echo >&2 "  ERROR: Kernel configuration is invalid.";		\
	echo >&2 "         include/generated/autoconf.h or $@ are missing.";\
	echo >&2 "         Run 'make oldconfig && make prepare' on kernel src to fix it.";	\
	echo >&2 ;							\
	/bin/false)

endif # may-sync-config
endif # need-config

KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= $(call cc-option,-fno-delete-null-pointer-checks,)
KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= $(call cc-disable-warning,frame-address,)
KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= $(call cc-disable-warning, format-truncation)
KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= $(call cc-disable-warning, format-overflow)
KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= $(call cc-disable-warning, address-of-packed-member)

ifdef CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -O2
else ifdef CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -O3
else ifdef CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZE
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Os
endif

ifdef CONFIG_CC_DISABLE_WARN_MAYBE_UNINITIALIZED
KBUILD_CFLAGS   += -Wno-maybe-uninitialized
endif

# Tell gcc to never replace conditional load with a non-conditional one
KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= $(call cc-option,--param=allow-store-data-races=0)

include scripts/Makefile.kcov
include scripts/Makefile.gcc-plugins

ifdef CONFIG_READABLE_ASM
# Disable optimizations that make assembler listings hard to read.
# reorder blocks reorders the control in the function
# ipa clone creates specialized cloned functions
# partial inlining inlines only parts of functions
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-fno-reorder-blocks,) \
                 $(call cc-option,-fno-ipa-cp-clone,) \
                 $(call cc-option,-fno-partial-inlining)
endif

ifneq ($(CONFIG_FRAME_WARN),0)
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-Wframe-larger-than=${CONFIG_FRAME_WARN})
endif

stackp-flags-$(CONFIG_CC_HAS_STACKPROTECTOR_NONE) := -fno-stack-protector
stackp-flags-$(CONFIG_STACKPROTECTOR)             := -fstack-protector
stackp-flags-$(CONFIG_STACKPROTECTOR_STRONG)      := -fstack-protector-strong

KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(stackp-flags-y)

ifdef CONFIG_CC_IS_CLANG
KBUILD_CPPFLAGS += -Qunused-arguments
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wno-format-invalid-specifier
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wno-gnu
# Quiet clang warning: comparison of unsigned expression < 0 is always false
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wno-tautological-compare
# CLANG uses a _MergedGlobals as optimization, but this breaks modpost, as the
# source of a reference will be _MergedGlobals and not on of the whitelisted names.
# See modpost pattern 2
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -mno-global-merge
else

# These warnings generated too much noise in a regular build.
# Use make W=1 to enable them (see scripts/Makefile.extrawarn)
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wno-unused-but-set-variable

# Warn about unmarked fall-throughs in switch statement.
# Disabled for clang while comment to attribute conversion happens and
# https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/636 is discussed.
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-Wimplicit-fallthrough,)
endif

KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-disable-warning, unused-const-variable)
ifdef CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER
KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= -fno-omit-frame-pointer -fno-optimize-sibling-calls
else
# Some targets (ARM with Thumb2, for example), can't be built with frame
# pointers.  For those, we don't have FUNCTION_TRACER automatically
# select FRAME_POINTER.  However, FUNCTION_TRACER adds -pg, and this is
# incompatible with -fomit-frame-pointer with current GCC, so we don't use
# -fomit-frame-pointer with FUNCTION_TRACER.
ifndef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER
KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= -fomit-frame-pointer
endif
endif

# Initialize all stack variables with a pattern, if desired.
ifdef CONFIG_INIT_STACK_ALL
KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= -ftrivial-auto-var-init=pattern
endif

DEBUG_CFLAGS	:= $(call cc-option, -fno-var-tracking-assignments)

ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO
ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_SPLIT
DEBUG_CFLAGS	+= -gsplit-dwarf
else
DEBUG_CFLAGS	+= -g
endif
KBUILD_AFLAGS	+= -Wa,-gdwarf-2
endif
ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_DWARF4
DEBUG_CFLAGS	+= -gdwarf-4
endif

ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_REDUCED
DEBUG_CFLAGS	+= $(call cc-option, -femit-struct-debug-baseonly) \
		   $(call cc-option,-fno-var-tracking)
endif

KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(DEBUG_CFLAGS)
export DEBUG_CFLAGS

ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER
ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_MCOUNT_RECORD
  # gcc 5 supports generating the mcount tables directly
  ifeq ($(call cc-option-yn,-mrecord-mcount),y)
    CC_FLAGS_FTRACE	+= -mrecord-mcount
    export CC_USING_RECORD_MCOUNT := 1
  endif
  ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_NOP_MCOUNT
    ifeq ($(call cc-option-yn, -mnop-mcount),y)
      CC_FLAGS_FTRACE	+= -mnop-mcount
      CC_FLAGS_USING	+= -DCC_USING_NOP_MCOUNT
    endif
  endif
endif
ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_FENTRY
  ifeq ($(call cc-option-yn, -mfentry),y)
    CC_FLAGS_FTRACE	+= -mfentry
    CC_FLAGS_USING	+= -DCC_USING_FENTRY
  endif
endif
export CC_FLAGS_FTRACE
KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= $(CC_FLAGS_FTRACE) $(CC_FLAGS_USING)
KBUILD_AFLAGS	+= $(CC_FLAGS_USING)
ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE
	ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_C_RECORDMCOUNT
		BUILD_C_RECORDMCOUNT := y
		export BUILD_C_RECORDMCOUNT
	endif
endif
endif

# We trigger additional mismatches with less inlining
ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SECTION_MISMATCH
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -fno-inline-functions-called-once)
endif

ifdef CONFIG_LD_DEAD_CODE_DATA_ELIMINATION
KBUILD_CFLAGS_KERNEL += -ffunction-sections -fdata-sections
LDFLAGS_vmlinux += --gc-sections
endif

ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -flive-patching=inline-clone)
endif

# arch Makefile may override CC so keep this after arch Makefile is included
NOSTDINC_FLAGS += -nostdinc -isystem $(shell $(CC) -print-file-name=include)

# warn about C99 declaration after statement
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wdeclaration-after-statement

# Variable Length Arrays (VLAs) should not be used anywhere in the kernel
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wvla

# disable pointer signed / unsigned warnings in gcc 4.0
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wno-pointer-sign

# disable stringop warnings in gcc 8+
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-disable-warning, stringop-truncation)

# disable invalid "can't wrap" optimizations for signed / pointers
KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= $(call cc-option,-fno-strict-overflow)

# clang sets -fmerge-all-constants by default as optimization, but this
# is non-conforming behavior for C and in fact breaks the kernel, so we
# need to disable it here generally.
KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= $(call cc-option,-fno-merge-all-constants)

# for gcc -fno-merge-all-constants disables everything, but it is fine
# to have actual conforming behavior enabled.
KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= $(call cc-option,-fmerge-constants)

# Make sure -fstack-check isn't enabled (like gentoo apparently did)
KBUILD_CFLAGS  += $(call cc-option,-fno-stack-check,)

# conserve stack if available
KBUILD_CFLAGS   += $(call cc-option,-fconserve-stack)

# Prohibit date/time macros, which would make the build non-deterministic
KBUILD_CFLAGS   += $(call cc-option,-Werror=date-time)

# enforce correct pointer usage
KBUILD_CFLAGS   += $(call cc-option,-Werror=incompatible-pointer-types)

# Require designated initializers for all marked structures
KBUILD_CFLAGS   += $(call cc-option,-Werror=designated-init)

# change __FILE__ to the relative path from the srctree
KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= $(call cc-option,-fmacro-prefix-map=$(srctree)/=)

# ensure -fcf-protection is disabled when using retpoline as it is
# incompatible with -mindirect-branch=thunk-extern
ifdef CONFIG_RETPOLINE
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-fcf-protection=none)
endif

include scripts/Makefile.kasan
include scripts/Makefile.extrawarn
include scripts/Makefile.ubsan

# Add user supplied CPPFLAGS, AFLAGS and CFLAGS as the last assignments
KBUILD_CPPFLAGS += $(KCPPFLAGS)
KBUILD_AFLAGS   += $(KAFLAGS)
KBUILD_CFLAGS   += $(KCFLAGS)

KBUILD_LDFLAGS_MODULE += --build-id
LDFLAGS_vmlinux += --build-id

ifeq ($(CONFIG_STRIP_ASM_SYMS),y)
LDFLAGS_vmlinux	+= $(call ld-option, -X,)
endif

ifeq ($(CONFIG_RELR),y)
LDFLAGS_vmlinux	+= --pack-dyn-relocs=relr
endif

# make the checker run with the right architecture
CHECKFLAGS += --arch=$(ARCH)

# insure the checker run with the right endianness
CHECKFLAGS += $(if $(CONFIG_CPU_BIG_ENDIAN),-mbig-endian,-mlittle-endian)

# the checker needs the correct machine size
CHECKFLAGS += $(if $(CONFIG_64BIT),-m64,-m32)

# Default kernel image to build when no specific target is given.
# KBUILD_IMAGE may be overruled on the command line or
# set in the environment
# Also any assignments in arch/$(ARCH)/Makefile take precedence over
# this default value
export KBUILD_IMAGE ?= vmlinux

#
# INSTALL_PATH specifies where to place the updated kernel and system map
# images. Default is /boot, but you can set it to other values
export	INSTALL_PATH ?= /boot

#
# INSTALL_DTBS_PATH specifies a prefix for relocations required by build roots.
# Like INSTALL_MOD_PATH, it isn't defined in the Makefile, but can be passed as
# an argument if needed. Otherwise it defaults to the kernel install path
#
export INSTALL_DTBS_PATH ?= $(INSTALL_PATH)/dtbs/$(KERNELRELEASE)

#
# INSTALL_MOD_PATH specifies a prefix to MODLIB for module directory
# relocations required by build roots.  This is not defined in the
# makefile but the argument can be passed to make if needed.
#

MODLIB	= $(INSTALL_MOD_PATH)/lib/modules/$(KERNELRELEASE)
export MODLIB

#
# INSTALL_MOD_STRIP, if defined, will cause modules to be
# stripped after they are installed.  If INSTALL_MOD_STRIP is '1', then
# the default option --strip-debug will be used.  Otherwise,
# INSTALL_MOD_STRIP value will be used as the options to the strip command.

ifdef INSTALL_MOD_STRIP
ifeq ($(INSTALL_MOD_STRIP),1)
mod_strip_cmd = $(STRIP) --strip-debug
else
mod_strip_cmd = $(STRIP) $(INSTALL_MOD_STRIP)
endif # INSTALL_MOD_STRIP=1
else
mod_strip_cmd = true
endif # INSTALL_MOD_STRIP
export mod_strip_cmd

# CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS, if defined, will cause module to be compressed
# after they are installed in agreement with CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS_GZIP
# or CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS_XZ.

mod_compress_cmd = true
ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS
  ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS_GZIP
    mod_compress_cmd = gzip -n -f
  endif # CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS_GZIP
  ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS_XZ
    mod_compress_cmd = xz -f
  endif # CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS_XZ
endif # CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS
export mod_compress_cmd

ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_ALL
$(eval $(call config_filename,MODULE_SIG_KEY))

mod_sign_cmd = scripts/sign-file $(CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_HASH) $(MODULE_SIG_KEY_SRCPREFIX)$(CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_KEY) certs/signing_key.x509
else
mod_sign_cmd = true
endif
export mod_sign_cmd

HOST_LIBELF_LIBS = $(shell pkg-config libelf --libs 2>/dev/null || echo -lelf)

ifdef CONFIG_STACK_VALIDATION
  has_libelf := $(call try-run,\
		echo "int main() {}" | $(HOSTCC) -xc -o /dev/null $(HOST_LIBELF_LIBS) -,1,0)
  ifeq ($(has_libelf),1)
    objtool_target := tools/objtool FORCE
  else
    SKIP_STACK_VALIDATION := 1
    export SKIP_STACK_VALIDATION
  endif
endif

PHONY += prepare0

export MODORDER := $(extmod-prefix)modules.order

ifeq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
core-y		+= kernel/ certs/ mm/ fs/ ipc/ security/ crypto/ block/

vmlinux-dirs	:= $(patsubst %/,%,$(filter %/, $(init-y) $(init-m) \
		     $(core-y) $(core-m) $(drivers-y) $(drivers-m) \
		     $(net-y) $(net-m) $(libs-y) $(libs-m) $(virt-y)))

vmlinux-alldirs	:= $(sort $(vmlinux-dirs) Documentation \
		     $(patsubst %/,%,$(filter %/, $(init-) $(core-) \
			$(drivers-) $(net-) $(libs-) $(virt-))))

build-dirs	:= $(vmlinux-dirs)
clean-dirs	:= $(vmlinux-alldirs)

init-y		:= $(patsubst %/, %/built-in.a, $(init-y))
core-y		:= $(patsubst %/, %/built-in.a, $(core-y))
drivers-y	:= $(patsubst %/, %/built-in.a, $(drivers-y))
net-y		:= $(patsubst %/, %/built-in.a, $(net-y))
libs-y1		:= $(patsubst %/, %/lib.a, $(libs-y))
libs-y2		:= $(patsubst %/, %/built-in.a, $(filter-out %.a, $(libs-y)))
virt-y		:= $(patsubst %/, %/built-in.a, $(virt-y))

# Externally visible symbols (used by link-vmlinux.sh)
export KBUILD_VMLINUX_OBJS := $(head-y) $(init-y) $(core-y) $(libs-y2) \
			      $(drivers-y) $(net-y) $(virt-y)
export KBUILD_VMLINUX_LIBS := $(libs-y1)
export KBUILD_LDS          := arch/$(SRCARCH)/kernel/vmlinux.lds
export LDFLAGS_vmlinux
# used by scripts/Makefile.package
export KBUILD_ALLDIRS := $(sort $(filter-out arch/%,$(vmlinux-alldirs)) LICENSES arch include scripts tools)

vmlinux-deps := $(KBUILD_LDS) $(KBUILD_VMLINUX_OBJS) $(KBUILD_VMLINUX_LIBS)

# Recurse until adjust_autoksyms.sh is satisfied
PHONY += autoksyms_recursive
ifdef CONFIG_TRIM_UNUSED_KSYMS
autoksyms_recursive: descend modules.order
	$(Q)$(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/adjust_autoksyms.sh \
	  "$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/Makefile vmlinux"
endif

# For the kernel to actually contain only the needed exported symbols,
# we have to build modules as well to determine what those symbols are.
# (this can be evaluated only once include/config/auto.conf has been included)
ifdef CONFIG_TRIM_UNUSED_KSYMS
  KBUILD_MODULES := 1
endif

autoksyms_h := $(if $(CONFIG_TRIM_UNUSED_KSYMS), include/generated/autoksyms.h)

$(autoksyms_h):
	$(Q)mkdir -p $(dir $@)
	$(Q)touch $@

ARCH_POSTLINK := $(wildcard $(srctree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/Makefile.postlink)

# Final link of vmlinux with optional arch pass after final link
cmd_link-vmlinux =                                                 \
	$(CONFIG_SHELL) $< $(LD) $(KBUILD_LDFLAGS) $(LDFLAGS_vmlinux) ;    \
	$(if $(ARCH_POSTLINK), $(MAKE) -f $(ARCH_POSTLINK) $@, true)

vmlinux: scripts/link-vmlinux.sh autoksyms_recursive $(vmlinux-deps) FORCE
	+$(call if_changed,link-vmlinux)

targets := vmlinux

# The actual objects are generated when descending,
# make sure no implicit rule kicks in
$(sort $(vmlinux-deps)): descend ;

filechk_kernel.release = \
	echo "$(KERNELVERSION)$$($(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/setlocalversion $(srctree))"

# Store (new) KERNELRELEASE string in include/config/kernel.release
include/config/kernel.release: FORCE
	$(call filechk,kernel.release)

# Additional helpers built in scripts/
# Carefully list dependencies so we do not try to build scripts twice
# in parallel
PHONY += scripts
scripts: scripts_basic scripts_dtc
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(@)

# Things we need to do before we recursively start building the kernel
# or the modules are listed in "prepare".
# A multi level approach is used. prepareN is processed before prepareN-1.
# archprepare is used in arch Makefiles and when processed asm symlink,
# version.h and scripts_basic is processed / created.

PHONY += prepare archprepare

archprepare: outputmakefile archheaders archscripts scripts include/config/kernel.release \
	asm-generic $(version_h) $(autoksyms_h) include/generated/utsrelease.h

prepare0: archprepare
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=scripts/mod
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=.

# All the preparing..
prepare: prepare0 prepare-objtool

# Support for using generic headers in asm-generic
asm-generic := -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.asm-generic obj

PHONY += asm-generic uapi-asm-generic
asm-generic: uapi-asm-generic
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(asm-generic)=arch/$(SRCARCH)/include/generated/asm \
	generic=include/asm-generic
uapi-asm-generic:
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(asm-generic)=arch/$(SRCARCH)/include/generated/uapi/asm \
	generic=include/uapi/asm-generic

PHONY += prepare-objtool
prepare-objtool: $(objtool_target)
ifeq ($(SKIP_STACK_VALIDATION),1)
ifdef CONFIG_UNWINDER_ORC
	@echo "error: Cannot generate ORC metadata for CONFIG_UNWINDER_ORC=y, please install libelf-dev, libelf-devel or elfutils-libelf-devel" >&2
	@false
else
	@echo "warning: Cannot use CONFIG_STACK_VALIDATION=y, please install libelf-dev, libelf-devel or elfutils-libelf-devel" >&2
endif
endif

# Generate some files
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

# KERNELRELEASE can change from a few different places, meaning version.h
# needs to be updated, so this check is forced on all builds

uts_len := 64
define filechk_utsrelease.h
	if [ `echo -n "$(KERNELRELEASE)" | wc -c ` -gt $(uts_len) ]; then \
	  echo '"$(KERNELRELEASE)" exceeds $(uts_len) characters' >&2;    \
	  exit 1;                                                         \
	fi;                                                               \
	echo \#define UTS_RELEASE \"$(KERNELRELEASE)\"
endef

define filechk_version.h
	echo \#define LINUX_VERSION_CODE $(shell                         \
	expr $(VERSION) \* 65536 + 0$(PATCHLEVEL) \* 256 + 0$(SUBLEVEL)); \
	echo '#define KERNEL_VERSION(a,b,c) (((a) << 16) + ((b) << 8) + (c))'
endef

$(version_h): FORCE
	$(call filechk,version.h)
	$(Q)rm -f $(old_version_h)

include/generated/utsrelease.h: include/config/kernel.release FORCE
	$(call filechk,utsrelease.h)

PHONY += headerdep
headerdep:
	$(Q)find $(srctree)/include/ -name '*.h' | xargs --max-args 1 \
	$(srctree)/scripts/headerdep.pl -I$(srctree)/include

# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Kernel headers

#Default location for installed headers
export INSTALL_HDR_PATH = $(objtree)/usr

quiet_cmd_headers_install = INSTALL $(INSTALL_HDR_PATH)/include
      cmd_headers_install = \
	mkdir -p $(INSTALL_HDR_PATH); \
	rsync -mrl --include='*/' --include='*\.h' --exclude='*' \
	usr/include $(INSTALL_HDR_PATH)

PHONY += headers_install
headers_install: headers
	$(call cmd,headers_install)

PHONY += archheaders archscripts

hdr-inst := -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.headersinst obj

PHONY += headers
headers: $(version_h) scripts_unifdef uapi-asm-generic archheaders archscripts
	$(if $(wildcard $(srctree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/include/uapi/asm/Kbuild),, \
	  $(error Headers not exportable for the $(SRCARCH) architecture))
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(hdr-inst)=include/uapi
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(hdr-inst)=arch/$(SRCARCH)/include/uapi

PHONY += headers_check
headers_check: headers
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(hdr-inst)=include/uapi HDRCHECK=1
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(hdr-inst)=arch/$(SRCARCH)/include/uapi HDRCHECK=1

ifdef CONFIG_HEADERS_INSTALL
prepare: headers
endif

ifdef CONFIG_HEADERS_CHECK
all: headers_check
endif

PHONY += scripts_unifdef
scripts_unifdef: scripts_basic
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=scripts scripts/unifdef

# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Kernel selftest

PHONY += kselftest
kselftest:
	$(Q)$(MAKE) -C $(srctree)/tools/testing/selftests run_tests

kselftest-%: FORCE
	$(Q)$(MAKE) -C $(srctree)/tools/testing/selftests $*

PHONY += kselftest-merge
kselftest-merge:
	$(if $(wildcard $(objtree)/.config),, $(error No .config exists, config your kernel first!))
	$(Q)find $(srctree)/tools/testing/selftests -name config | \
		xargs $(srctree)/scripts/kconfig/merge_config.sh -m $(objtree)/.config
	$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/Makefile olddefconfig

# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Devicetree files

ifneq ($(wildcard $(srctree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/boot/dts/),)
dtstree := arch/$(SRCARCH)/boot/dts
endif

ifneq ($(dtstree),)

%.dtb: include/config/kernel.release scripts_dtc
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(dtstree) $(dtstree)/$@

PHONY += dtbs dtbs_install dt_binding_check
dtbs dtbs_check: include/config/kernel.release scripts_dtc
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(dtstree)

dtbs_check: export CHECK_DTBS=1
dtbs_check: dt_binding_check

dtbs_install:
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(dtbinst)=$(dtstree)

ifdef CONFIG_OF_EARLY_FLATTREE
all: dtbs
endif

endif

PHONY += scripts_dtc
scripts_dtc: scripts_basic
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=scripts/dtc

dt_binding_check: scripts_dtc
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=Documentation/devicetree/bindings

# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Modules

ifdef CONFIG_MODULES

# By default, build modules as well

all: modules

# Build modules
#
# A module can be listed more than once in obj-m resulting in
# duplicate lines in modules.order files.  Those are removed
# using awk while concatenating to the final file.

PHONY += modules
modules: $(if $(KBUILD_BUILTIN),vmlinux) modules.order modules.builtin
	$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.modpost
	$(Q)$(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/modules-check.sh

modules.order: descend
	$(Q)$(AWK) '!x[$$0]++' $(addsuffix /$@, $(build-dirs)) > $@

modbuiltin-dirs := $(addprefix _modbuiltin_, $(build-dirs))

modules.builtin: $(modbuiltin-dirs)
	$(Q)$(AWK) '!x[$$0]++' $(addsuffix /$@, $(build-dirs)) > $@

PHONY += $(modbuiltin-dirs)
# tristate.conf is not included from this Makefile. Add it as a prerequisite
# here to make it self-healing in case somebody accidentally removes it.
$(modbuiltin-dirs): include/config/tristate.conf
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(modbuiltin)=$(patsubst _modbuiltin_%,%,$@)

# Target to prepare building external modules
PHONY += modules_prepare
modules_prepare: prepare

# Target to install modules
PHONY += modules_install
modules_install: _modinst_ _modinst_post

PHONY += _modinst_
_modinst_:
	@rm -rf $(MODLIB)/kernel
	@rm -f $(MODLIB)/source
	@mkdir -p $(MODLIB)/kernel
	@ln -s $(abspath $(srctree)) $(MODLIB)/source
	@if [ ! $(objtree) -ef  $(MODLIB)/build ]; then \
		rm -f $(MODLIB)/build ; \
		ln -s $(CURDIR) $(MODLIB)/build ; \
	fi
	@sed 's:^:kernel/:' modules.order > $(MODLIB)/modules.order
	@sed 's:^:kernel/:' modules.builtin > $(MODLIB)/modules.builtin
	@cp -f $(objtree)/modules.builtin.modinfo $(MODLIB)/
	$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.modinst

# This depmod is only for convenience to give the initial
# boot a modules.dep even before / is mounted read-write.  However the
# boot script depmod is the master version.
PHONY += _modinst_post
_modinst_post: _modinst_
	$(call cmd,depmod)

ifeq ($(CONFIG_MODULE_SIG), y)
PHONY += modules_sign
modules_sign:
	$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.modsign
endif

else # CONFIG_MODULES

# Modules not configured
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

PHONY += modules modules_install
modules modules_install:
	@echo >&2
	@echo >&2 "The present kernel configuration has modules disabled."
	@echo >&2 "Type 'make config' and enable loadable module support."
	@echo >&2 "Then build a kernel with module support enabled."
	@echo >&2
	@exit 1

endif # CONFIG_MODULES

###
# Cleaning is done on three levels.
# make clean     Delete most generated files
#                Leave enough to build external modules
# make mrproper  Delete the current configuration, and all generated files
# make distclean Remove editor backup files, patch leftover files and the like

# Directories & files removed with 'make clean'
CLEAN_DIRS  += include/ksym
CLEAN_FILES += modules.builtin.modinfo

# Directories & files removed with 'make mrproper'
MRPROPER_DIRS  += include/config include/generated          \
		  arch/$(SRCARCH)/include/generated .tmp_objdiff \
		  debian/ snap/ tar-install/
MRPROPER_FILES += .config .config.old .version \
		  Module.symvers \
		  signing_key.pem signing_key.priv signing_key.x509	\
		  x509.genkey extra_certificates signing_key.x509.keyid	\
		  signing_key.x509.signer vmlinux-gdb.py \
		  *.spec

# Directories & files removed with 'make distclean'
DISTCLEAN_DIRS  +=
DISTCLEAN_FILES += tags TAGS cscope* GPATH GTAGS GRTAGS GSYMS

# clean - Delete most, but leave enough to build external modules
#
clean: rm-dirs  := $(CLEAN_DIRS)
clean: rm-files := $(CLEAN_FILES)

PHONY += archclean vmlinuxclean

vmlinuxclean:
	$(Q)$(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh clean
	$(Q)$(if $(ARCH_POSTLINK), $(MAKE) -f $(ARCH_POSTLINK) clean)

clean: archclean vmlinuxclean

# mrproper - Delete all generated files, including .config
#
mrproper: rm-dirs  := $(wildcard $(MRPROPER_DIRS))
mrproper: rm-files := $(wildcard $(MRPROPER_FILES))
mrproper-dirs      := $(addprefix _mrproper_,scripts)

PHONY += $(mrproper-dirs) mrproper
$(mrproper-dirs):
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(clean)=$(patsubst _mrproper_%,%,$@)

mrproper: clean $(mrproper-dirs)
	$(call cmd,rmdirs)
	$(call cmd,rmfiles)

# distclean
#
distclean: rm-dirs  := $(wildcard $(DISTCLEAN_DIRS))
distclean: rm-files := $(wildcard $(DISTCLEAN_FILES))

PHONY += distclean

distclean: mrproper
	$(call cmd,rmdirs)
	$(call cmd,rmfiles)
	@find $(srctree) $(RCS_FIND_IGNORE) \
		\( -name '*.orig' -o -name '*.rej' -o -name '*~' \
		-o -name '*.bak' -o -name '#*#' -o -name '*%' \
		-o -name 'core' \) \
		-type f -print | xargs rm -f


# Packaging of the kernel to various formats
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

%src-pkg: FORCE
	$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.package $@
%pkg: include/config/kernel.release FORCE
	$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.package $@

# Brief documentation of the typical targets used
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

boards := $(wildcard $(srctree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/configs/*_defconfig)
boards := $(sort $(notdir $(boards)))
board-dirs := $(dir $(wildcard $(srctree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/configs/*/*_defconfig))
board-dirs := $(sort $(notdir $(board-dirs:/=)))

PHONY += help
help:
	@echo  'Cleaning targets:'
	@echo  '  clean		  - Remove most generated files but keep the config and'
	@echo  '                    enough build support to build external modules'
	@echo  '  mrproper	  - Remove all generated files + config + various backup files'
	@echo  '  distclean	  - mrproper + remove editor backup and patch files'
	@echo  ''
	@echo  'Configuration targets:'
	@$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/kconfig/Makefile help
	@echo  ''
	@echo  'Other generic targets:'
	@echo  '  all		  - Build all targets marked with [*]'
	@echo  '* vmlinux	  - Build the bare kernel'
	@echo  '* modules	  - Build all modules'
	@echo  '  modules_install - Install all modules to INSTALL_MOD_PATH (default: /)'
	@echo  '  dir/            - Build all files in dir and below'
	@echo  '  dir/file.[ois]  - Build specified target only'
	@echo  '  dir/file.ll     - Build the LLVM assembly file'
	@echo  '                    (requires compiler support for LLVM assembly generation)'
	@echo  '  dir/file.lst    - Build specified mixed source/assembly target only'
	@echo  '                    (requires a recent binutils and recent build (System.map))'
	@echo  '  dir/file.ko     - Build module including final link'
	@echo  '  modules_prepare - Set up for building external modules'
	@echo  '  tags/TAGS	  - Generate tags file for editors'
	@echo  '  cscope	  - Generate cscope index'
	@echo  '  gtags           - Generate GNU GLOBAL index'
	@echo  '  kernelrelease	  - Output the release version string (use with make -s)'
	@echo  '  kernelversion	  - Output the version stored in Makefile (use with make -s)'
	@echo  '  image_name	  - Output the image name (use with make -s)'
	@echo  '  headers_install - Install sanitised kernel headers to INSTALL_HDR_PATH'; \
	 echo  '                    (default: $(INSTALL_HDR_PATH))'; \
	 echo  ''
	@echo  'Static analysers:'
	@echo  '  checkstack      - Generate a list of stack hogs'
	@echo  '  namespacecheck  - Name space analysis on compiled kernel'
	@echo  '  versioncheck    - Sanity check on version.h usage'
	@echo  '  includecheck    - Check for duplicate included header files'
	@echo  '  export_report   - List the usages of all exported symbols'
	@echo  '  headers_check   - Sanity check on exported headers'
	@echo  '  headerdep       - Detect inclusion cycles in headers'
	@echo  '  coccicheck      - Check with Coccinelle'
	@echo  ''
	@echo  'Tools:'
	@echo  '  nsdeps          - Generate missing symbol namespace dependencies'
	@echo  ''
	@echo  'Kernel selftest:'
	@echo  '  kselftest       - Build and run kernel selftest (run as root)'
	@echo  '                    Build, install, and boot kernel before'
	@echo  '                    running kselftest on it'
	@echo  '  kselftest-clean - Remove all generated kselftest files'
	@echo  '  kselftest-merge - Merge all the config dependencies of kselftest to existing'
	@echo  '                    .config.'
	@echo  ''
	@$(if $(dtstree), \
		echo 'Devicetree:'; \
		echo '* dtbs             - Build device tree blobs for enabled boards'; \
		echo '  dtbs_install     - Install dtbs to $(INSTALL_DTBS_PATH)'; \
		echo '  dt_binding_check - Validate device tree binding documents'; \
		echo '  dtbs_check       - Validate device tree source files';\
		echo '')

	@echo 'Userspace tools targets:'
	@echo '  use "make tools/help"'
	@echo '  or  "cd tools; make help"'
	@echo  ''
	@echo  'Kernel packaging:'
	@$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.package help
	@echo  ''
	@echo  'Documentation targets:'
	@$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/Documentation/Makefile dochelp
	@echo  ''
	@echo  'Architecture specific targets ($(SRCARCH)):'
	@$(if $(archhelp),$(archhelp),\
		echo '  No architecture specific help defined for $(SRCARCH)')
	@echo  ''
	@$(if $(boards), \
		$(foreach b, $(boards), \
		printf "  %-24s - Build for %s\\n" $(b) $(subst _defconfig,,$(b));) \
		echo '')
	@$(if $(board-dirs), \
		$(foreach b, $(board-dirs), \
		printf "  %-16s - Show %s-specific targets\\n" help-$(b) $(b);) \
		printf "  %-16s - Show all of the above\\n" help-boards; \
		echo '')

	@echo  '  make V=0|1 [targets] 0 => quiet build (default), 1 => verbose build'
	@echo  '  make V=2   [targets] 2 => give reason for rebuild of target'
	@echo  '  make O=dir [targets] Locate all output files in "dir", including .config'
	@echo  '  make C=1   [targets] Check re-compiled c source with $$CHECK (sparse by default)'
	@echo  '  make C=2   [targets] Force check of all c source with $$CHECK'
	@echo  '  make RECORDMCOUNT_WARN=1 [targets] Warn about ignored mcount sections'
	@echo  '  make W=n   [targets] Enable extra build checks, n=1,2,3 where'
	@echo  '		1: warnings which may be relevant and do not occur too often'
	@echo  '		2: warnings which occur quite often but may still be relevant'
	@echo  '		3: more obscure warnings, can most likely be ignored'
	@echo  '		Multiple levels can be combined with W=12 or W=123'
	@echo  ''
	@echo  'Execute "make" or "make all" to build all targets marked with [*] '
	@echo  'For further info see the ./README file'


help-board-dirs := $(addprefix help-,$(board-dirs))

help-boards: $(help-board-dirs)

boards-per-dir = $(sort $(notdir $(wildcard $(srctree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/configs/$*/*_defconfig)))

$(help-board-dirs): help-%:
	@echo  'Architecture specific targets ($(SRCARCH) $*):'
	@$(if $(boards-per-dir), \
		$(foreach b, $(boards-per-dir), \
		printf "  %-24s - Build for %s\\n" $*/$(b) $(subst _defconfig,,$(b));) \
		echo '')


# Documentation targets
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOC_TARGETS := xmldocs latexdocs pdfdocs htmldocs epubdocs cleandocs \
	       linkcheckdocs dochelp refcheckdocs
PHONY += $(DOC_TARGETS)
$(DOC_TARGETS):
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=Documentation $@

# Misc
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

PHONY += scripts_gdb
scripts_gdb: prepare0
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=scripts/gdb
	$(Q)ln -fsn $(abspath $(srctree)/scripts/gdb/vmlinux-gdb.py)

ifdef CONFIG_GDB_SCRIPTS
all: scripts_gdb
endif

else # KBUILD_EXTMOD

###
# External module support.
# When building external modules the kernel used as basis is considered
# read-only, and no consistency checks are made and the make
# system is not used on the basis kernel. If updates are required
# in the basis kernel ordinary make commands (without M=...) must
# be used.
#
# The following are the only valid targets when building external
# modules.
# make M=dir clean     Delete all automatically generated files
# make M=dir modules   Make all modules in specified dir
# make M=dir	       Same as 'make M=dir modules'
# make M=dir modules_install
#                      Install the modules built in the module directory
#                      Assumes install directory is already created

# We are always building modules
KBUILD_MODULES := 1

PHONY += $(objtree)/Module.symvers
$(objtree)/Module.symvers:
	@test -e $(objtree)/Module.symvers || ( \
	echo; \
	echo "  WARNING: Symbol version dump $(objtree)/Module.symvers"; \
	echo "           is missing; modules will have no dependencies and modversions."; \
	echo )

build-dirs := $(KBUILD_EXTMOD)
PHONY += modules
modules: descend $(objtree)/Module.symvers
	$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.modpost

PHONY += modules_install
modules_install: _emodinst_ _emodinst_post

install-dir := $(if $(INSTALL_MOD_DIR),$(INSTALL_MOD_DIR),extra)
PHONY += _emodinst_
_emodinst_:
	$(Q)mkdir -p $(MODLIB)/$(install-dir)
	$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.modinst

PHONY += _emodinst_post
_emodinst_post: _emodinst_
	$(call cmd,depmod)

clean-dirs := $(KBUILD_EXTMOD)
clean: rm-files := $(KBUILD_EXTMOD)/Module.symvers

PHONY += /
/:
	@echo >&2 '"$(MAKE) /" is no longer supported. Please use "$(MAKE) ./" instead.'

PHONY += help
help:
	@echo  '  Building external modules.'
	@echo  '  Syntax: make -C path/to/kernel/src M=$$PWD target'
	@echo  ''
	@echo  '  modules         - default target, build the module(s)'
	@echo  '  modules_install - install the module'
	@echo  '  clean           - remove generated files in module directory only'
	@echo  ''

PHONY += prepare
endif # KBUILD_EXTMOD

# Handle descending into subdirectories listed in $(build-dirs)
# Preset locale variables to speed up the build process. Limit locale
# tweaks to this spot to avoid wrong language settings when running
# make menuconfig etc.
# Error messages still appears in the original language
PHONY += descend $(build-dirs)
descend: $(build-dirs)
$(build-dirs): prepare
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$@ single-build=$(single-build) need-builtin=1 need-modorder=1

clean-dirs := $(addprefix _clean_, $(clean-dirs))
PHONY += $(clean-dirs) clean
$(clean-dirs):
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(clean)=$(patsubst _clean_%,%,$@)

clean: $(clean-dirs)
	$(call cmd,rmdirs)
	$(call cmd,rmfiles)
	@find $(if $(KBUILD_EXTMOD), $(KBUILD_EXTMOD), .) $(RCS_FIND_IGNORE) \
		\( -name '*.[aios]' -o -name '*.ko' -o -name '.*.cmd' \
		-o -name '*.ko.*' \
		-o -name '*.dtb' -o -name '*.dtb.S' -o -name '*.dt.yaml' \
		-o -name '*.dwo' -o -name '*.lst' \
		-o -name '*.su' -o -name '*.mod' -o -name '*.ns_deps' \
		-o -name '.*.d' -o -name '.*.tmp' -o -name '*.mod.c' \
		-o -name '*.lex.c' -o -name '*.tab.[ch]' \
		-o -name '*.asn1.[ch]' \
		-o -name '*.symtypes' -o -name 'modules.order' \
		-o -name modules.builtin -o -name '.tmp_*.o.*' \
		-o -name '*.c.[012]*.*' \
		-o -name '*.ll' \
		-o -name '*.gcno' \) -type f -print | xargs rm -f

# Generate tags for editors
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
quiet_cmd_tags = GEN     $@
      cmd_tags = $(BASH) $(srctree)/scripts/tags.sh $@

tags TAGS cscope gtags: FORCE
	$(call cmd,tags)

# Script to generate missing namespace dependencies
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

PHONY += nsdeps

nsdeps: modules
	$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.modpost nsdeps
	$(Q)$(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/$@

# Scripts to check various things for consistency
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

PHONY += includecheck versioncheck coccicheck namespacecheck export_report

includecheck:
	find $(srctree)/* $(RCS_FIND_IGNORE) \
		-name '*.[hcS]' -type f -print | sort \
		| xargs $(PERL) -w $(srctree)/scripts/checkincludes.pl

versioncheck:
	find $(srctree)/* $(RCS_FIND_IGNORE) \
		-name '*.[hcS]' -type f -print | sort \
		| xargs $(PERL) -w $(srctree)/scripts/checkversion.pl

coccicheck:
	$(Q)$(BASH) $(srctree)/scripts/$@

namespacecheck:
	$(PERL) $(srctree)/scripts/namespace.pl

export_report:
	$(PERL) $(srctree)/scripts/export_report.pl

PHONY += checkstack kernelrelease kernelversion image_name

# UML needs a little special treatment here.  It wants to use the host
# toolchain, so needs $(SUBARCH) passed to checkstack.pl.  Everyone
# else wants $(ARCH), including people doing cross-builds, which means
# that $(SUBARCH) doesn't work here.
ifeq ($(ARCH), um)
CHECKSTACK_ARCH := $(SUBARCH)
else
CHECKSTACK_ARCH := $(ARCH)
endif
checkstack:
	$(OBJDUMP) -d vmlinux $$(find . -name '*.ko') | \
	$(PERL) $(srctree)/scripts/checkstack.pl $(CHECKSTACK_ARCH)

kernelrelease:
	@echo "$(KERNELVERSION)$$($(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/setlocalversion $(srctree))"

kernelversion:
	@echo $(KERNELVERSION)

image_name:
	@echo $(KBUILD_IMAGE)

# Clear a bunch of variables before executing the submake

ifeq ($(quiet),silent_)
tools_silent=s
endif

tools/: FORCE
	$(Q)mkdir -p $(objtree)/tools
	$(Q)$(MAKE) LDFLAGS= MAKEFLAGS="$(tools_silent) $(filter --j% -j,$(MAKEFLAGS))" O=$(abspath $(objtree)) subdir=tools -C $(srctree)/tools/

tools/%: FORCE
	$(Q)mkdir -p $(objtree)/tools
	$(Q)$(MAKE) LDFLAGS= MAKEFLAGS="$(tools_silent) $(filter --j% -j,$(MAKEFLAGS))" O=$(abspath $(objtree)) subdir=tools -C $(srctree)/tools/ $*

# Single targets
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# To build individual files in subdirectories, you can do like this:
#
#   make foo/bar/baz.s
#
# The supported suffixes for single-target are listed in 'single-targets'
#
# To build only under specific subdirectories, you can do like this:
#
#   make foo/bar/baz/

ifdef single-build

single-all := $(filter $(single-targets), $(MAKECMDGOALS))

# .ko is special because modpost is needed
single-ko := $(sort $(filter %.ko, $(single-all)))
single-no-ko := $(sort $(patsubst %.ko,%.mod, $(single-all)))

$(single-ko): single_modpost
	@:
$(single-no-ko): descend
	@:

ifeq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
# For the single build of in-tree modules, use a temporary file to avoid
# the situation of modules_install installing an invalid modules.order.
MODORDER := .modules.tmp
endif

PHONY += single_modpost
single_modpost: $(single-no-ko)
	$(Q){ $(foreach m, $(single-ko), echo $(extmod-prefix)$m;) } > $(MODORDER)
	$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.modpost

KBUILD_MODULES := 1

export KBUILD_SINGLE_TARGETS := $(addprefix $(extmod-prefix), $(single-no-ko))

single-build = $(if $(filter-out $@/, $(single-no-ko)),1)

endif

# FIXME Should go into a make.lib or something
# ===========================================================================

quiet_cmd_rmdirs = $(if $(wildcard $(rm-dirs)),CLEAN   $(wildcard $(rm-dirs)))
      cmd_rmdirs = rm -rf $(rm-dirs)

quiet_cmd_rmfiles = $(if $(wildcard $(rm-files)),CLEAN   $(wildcard $(rm-files)))
      cmd_rmfiles = rm -f $(rm-files)

# Run depmod only if we have System.map and depmod is executable
quiet_cmd_depmod = DEPMOD  $(KERNELRELEASE)
      cmd_depmod = $(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/depmod.sh $(DEPMOD) \
                   $(KERNELRELEASE)

# read saved command lines for existing targets
existing-targets := $(wildcard $(sort $(targets)))

-include $(foreach f,$(existing-targets),$(dir $(f)).$(notdir $(f)).cmd)

endif # config-targets
endif # mixed-build
endif # need-sub-make

PHONY += FORCE
FORCE:

# Declare the contents of the PHONY variable as phony.  We keep that
# information in a variable so we can use it in if_changed and friends.
.PHONY: $(PHONY)