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/*
 * Fault injection for both 32 and 64bit guests.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2012,2013 - ARM Ltd
 * Author: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
 *
 * Based on arch/arm/kvm/emulate.c
 * Copyright (C) 2012 - Virtual Open Systems and Columbia University
 * Author: Christoffer Dall <c.dall@virtualopensystems.com>
 *
 * This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 */

#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
#include <asm/kvm_emulate.h>
#include <asm/esr.h>

#define PSTATE_FAULT_BITS_64 	(PSR_MODE_EL1h | PSR_A_BIT | PSR_F_BIT | \
				 PSR_I_BIT | PSR_D_BIT)

#define CURRENT_EL_SP_EL0_VECTOR	0x0
#define CURRENT_EL_SP_ELx_VECTOR	0x200
#define LOWER_EL_AArch64_VECTOR		0x400
#define LOWER_EL_AArch32_VECTOR		0x600

static void prepare_fault32(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 mode, u32 vect_offset)
{
	unsigned long cpsr;
	unsigned long new_spsr_value = *vcpu_cpsr(vcpu);
	bool is_thumb = (new_spsr_value & COMPAT_PSR_T_BIT);
	u32 return_offset = (is_thumb) ? 4 : 0;
	u32 sctlr = vcpu_cp15(vcpu, c1_SCTLR);

	cpsr = mode | COMPAT_PSR_I_BIT;

	if (sctlr & (1 << 30))
		cpsr |= COMPAT_PSR_T_BIT;
	if (sctlr & (1 << 25))
		cpsr |= COMPAT_PSR_E_BIT;

	*vcpu_cpsr(vcpu) = cpsr;

	/* Note: These now point to the banked copies */
	*vcpu_spsr(vcpu) = new_spsr_value;
	*vcpu_reg32(vcpu, 14) = *vcpu_pc(vcpu) + return_offset;

	/* Branch to exception vector */
	if (sctlr & (1 << 13))
		vect_offset += 0xffff0000;
	else /* always have security exceptions */
		vect_offset += vcpu_cp15(vcpu, c12_VBAR);

	*vcpu_pc(vcpu) = vect_offset;
}

static void inject_undef32(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	prepare_fault32(vcpu, COMPAT_PSR_MODE_UND, 4);
}

/*
 * Modelled after TakeDataAbortException() and TakePrefetchAbortException
 * pseudocode.
 */
static void inject_abt32(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool is_pabt,
			 unsigned long addr)
{
	u32 vect_offset;
	u32 *far, *fsr;
	bool is_lpae;

	if (is_pabt) {
		vect_offset = 12;
		far = &vcpu_cp15(vcpu, c6_IFAR);
		fsr = &vcpu_cp15(vcpu, c5_IFSR);
	} else { /* !iabt */
		vect_offset = 16;
		far = &vcpu_cp15(vcpu, c6_DFAR);
		fsr = &vcpu_cp15(vcpu, c5_DFSR);
	}

	prepare_fault32(vcpu, COMPAT_PSR_MODE_ABT | COMPAT_PSR_A_BIT, vect_offset);

	*far = addr;

	/* Give the guest an IMPLEMENTATION DEFINED exception */
	is_lpae = (vcpu_cp15(vcpu, c2_TTBCR) >> 31);
	if (is_lpae)
		*fsr = 1 << 9 | 0x34;
	else
		*fsr = 0x14;
}

enum exception_type {
	except_type_sync	= 0,
	except_type_irq		= 0x80,
	except_type_fiq		= 0x100,
	except_type_serror	= 0x180,
};

static u64 get_except_vector(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, enum exception_type type)
{
	u64 exc_offset;

	switch (*vcpu_cpsr(vcpu) & (PSR_MODE_MASK | PSR_MODE32_BIT)) {
	case PSR_MODE_EL1t:
		exc_offset = CURRENT_EL_SP_EL0_VECTOR;
		break;
	case PSR_MODE_EL1h:
		exc_offset = CURRENT_EL_SP_ELx_VECTOR;
		break;
	case PSR_MODE_EL0t:
		exc_offset = LOWER_EL_AArch64_VECTOR;
		break;
	default:
		exc_offset = LOWER_EL_AArch32_VECTOR;
	}

	return vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, VBAR_EL1) + exc_offset + type;
}

static void inject_abt64(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool is_iabt, unsigned long addr)
{
	unsigned long cpsr = *vcpu_cpsr(vcpu);
	bool is_aarch32 = vcpu_mode_is_32bit(vcpu);
	u32 esr = 0;

	*vcpu_elr_el1(vcpu) = *vcpu_pc(vcpu);
	*vcpu_pc(vcpu) = get_except_vector(vcpu, except_type_sync);

	*vcpu_cpsr(vcpu) = PSTATE_FAULT_BITS_64;
	*vcpu_spsr(vcpu) = cpsr;

	vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, FAR_EL1) = addr;

	/*
	 * Build an {i,d}abort, depending on the level and the
	 * instruction set. Report an external synchronous abort.
	 */
	if (kvm_vcpu_trap_il_is32bit(vcpu))
		esr |= ESR_ELx_IL;

	/*
	 * Here, the guest runs in AArch64 mode when in EL1. If we get
	 * an AArch32 fault, it means we managed to trap an EL0 fault.
	 */
	if (is_aarch32 || (cpsr & PSR_MODE_MASK) == PSR_MODE_EL0t)
		esr |= (ESR_ELx_EC_IABT_LOW << ESR_ELx_EC_SHIFT);
	else
		esr |= (ESR_ELx_EC_IABT_CUR << ESR_ELx_EC_SHIFT);

	if (!is_iabt)
		esr |= ESR_ELx_EC_DABT_LOW << ESR_ELx_EC_SHIFT;

	vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, ESR_EL1) = esr | ESR_ELx_FSC_EXTABT;
}

static void inject_undef64(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	unsigned long cpsr = *vcpu_cpsr(vcpu);
	u32 esr = (ESR_ELx_EC_UNKNOWN << ESR_ELx_EC_SHIFT);

	*vcpu_elr_el1(vcpu) = *vcpu_pc(vcpu);
	*vcpu_pc(vcpu) = get_except_vector(vcpu, except_type_sync);

	*vcpu_cpsr(vcpu) = PSTATE_FAULT_BITS_64;
	*vcpu_spsr(vcpu) = cpsr;

	/*
	 * Build an unknown exception, depending on the instruction
	 * set.
	 */
	if (kvm_vcpu_trap_il_is32bit(vcpu))
		esr |= ESR_ELx_IL;

	vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, ESR_EL1) = esr;
}

/**
 * kvm_inject_dabt - inject a data abort into the guest
 * @vcpu: The VCPU to receive the undefined exception
 * @addr: The address to report in the DFAR
 *
 * It is assumed that this code is called from the VCPU thread and that the
 * VCPU therefore is not currently executing guest code.
 */
void kvm_inject_dabt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long addr)
{
	if (!(vcpu->arch.hcr_el2 & HCR_RW))
		inject_abt32(vcpu, false, addr);
	else
		inject_abt64(vcpu, false, addr);
}

/**
 * kvm_inject_pabt - inject a prefetch abort into the guest
 * @vcpu: The VCPU to receive the undefined exception
 * @addr: The address to report in the DFAR
 *
 * It is assumed that this code is called from the VCPU thread and that the
 * VCPU therefore is not currently executing guest code.
 */
void kvm_inject_pabt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long addr)
{
	if (!(vcpu->arch.hcr_el2 & HCR_RW))
		inject_abt32(vcpu, true, addr);
	else
		inject_abt64(vcpu, true, addr);
}

/**
 * kvm_inject_undefined - inject an undefined instruction into the guest
 *
 * It is assumed that this code is called from the VCPU thread and that the
 * VCPU therefore is not currently executing guest code.
 */
void kvm_inject_undefined(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	if (!(vcpu->arch.hcr_el2 & HCR_RW))
		inject_undef32(vcpu);
	else
		inject_undef64(vcpu);
}

/**
 * kvm_inject_vabt - inject an async abort / SError into the guest
 * @vcpu: The VCPU to receive the exception
 *
 * It is assumed that this code is called from the VCPU thread and that the
 * VCPU therefore is not currently executing guest code.
 */
void kvm_inject_vabt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	vcpu_set_hcr(vcpu, vcpu_get_hcr(vcpu) | HCR_VSE);
}