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path: root/net/ipv4/tcp_metrics.c
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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/jiffies.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/cache.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/tcp.h>
#include <linux/hash.h>
#include <linux/tcp_metrics.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>

#include <net/inet_connection_sock.h>
#include <net/net_namespace.h>
#include <net/request_sock.h>
#include <net/inetpeer.h>
#include <net/sock.h>
#include <net/ipv6.h>
#include <net/dst.h>
#include <net/tcp.h>
#include <net/genetlink.h>

static struct tcp_metrics_block *__tcp_get_metrics(const struct inetpeer_addr *saddr,
						   const struct inetpeer_addr *daddr,
						   struct net *net, unsigned int hash);

struct tcp_fastopen_metrics {
	u16	mss;
	u16	syn_loss:10,		/* Recurring Fast Open SYN losses */
		try_exp:2;		/* Request w/ exp. option (once) */
	unsigned long	last_syn_loss;	/* Last Fast Open SYN loss */
	struct	tcp_fastopen_cookie	cookie;
};

/* TCP_METRIC_MAX includes 2 extra fields for userspace compatibility
 * Kernel only stores RTT and RTTVAR in usec resolution
 */
#define TCP_METRIC_MAX_KERNEL (TCP_METRIC_MAX - 2)

struct tcp_metrics_block {
	struct tcp_metrics_block __rcu	*tcpm_next;
	possible_net_t			tcpm_net;
	struct inetpeer_addr		tcpm_saddr;
	struct inetpeer_addr		tcpm_daddr;
	unsigned long			tcpm_stamp;
	u32				tcpm_lock;
	u32				tcpm_vals[TCP_METRIC_MAX_KERNEL + 1];
	struct tcp_fastopen_metrics	tcpm_fastopen;

	struct rcu_head			rcu_head;
};

static inline struct net *tm_net(struct tcp_metrics_block *tm)
{
	return read_pnet(&tm->tcpm_net);
}

static bool tcp_metric_locked(struct tcp_metrics_block *tm,
			      enum tcp_metric_index idx)
{
	return tm->tcpm_lock & (1 << idx);
}

static u32 tcp_metric_get(struct tcp_metrics_block *tm,
			  enum tcp_metric_index idx)
{
	return tm->tcpm_vals[idx];
}

static void tcp_metric_set(struct tcp_metrics_block *tm,
			   enum tcp_metric_index idx,
			   u32 val)
{
	tm->tcpm_vals[idx] = val;
}

static bool addr_same(const struct inetpeer_addr *a,
		      const struct inetpeer_addr *b)
{
	return inetpeer_addr_cmp(a, b) == 0;
}

struct tcpm_hash_bucket {
	struct tcp_metrics_block __rcu	*chain;
};

static struct tcpm_hash_bucket	*tcp_metrics_hash __read_mostly;
static unsigned int		tcp_metrics_hash_log __read_mostly;

static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(tcp_metrics_lock);

static void tcpm_suck_dst(struct tcp_metrics_block *tm,
			  const struct dst_entry *dst,
			  bool fastopen_clear)
{
	u32 msval;
	u32 val;

	tm->tcpm_stamp = jiffies;

	val = 0;
	if (dst_metric_locked(dst, RTAX_RTT))
		val |= 1 << TCP_METRIC_RTT;
	if (dst_metric_locked(dst, RTAX_RTTVAR))
		val |= 1 << TCP_METRIC_RTTVAR;
	if (dst_metric_locked(dst, RTAX_SSTHRESH))
		val |= 1 << TCP_METRIC_SSTHRESH;
	if (dst_metric_locked(dst, RTAX_CWND))
		val |= 1 << TCP_METRIC_CWND;
	if (dst_metric_locked(dst, RTAX_REORDERING))
		val |= 1 << TCP_METRIC_REORDERING;
	tm->tcpm_lock = val;

	msval = dst_metric_raw(dst, RTAX_RTT);
	tm->tcpm_vals[TCP_METRIC_RTT] = msval * USEC_PER_MSEC;

	msval = dst_metric_raw(dst, RTAX_RTTVAR);
	tm->tcpm_vals[TCP_METRIC_RTTVAR] = msval * USEC_PER_MSEC;
	tm->tcpm_vals[TCP_METRIC_SSTHRESH] = dst_metric_raw(dst, RTAX_SSTHRESH);
	tm->tcpm_vals[TCP_METRIC_CWND] = dst_metric_raw(dst, RTAX_CWND);
	tm->tcpm_vals[TCP_METRIC_REORDERING] = dst_metric_raw(dst, RTAX_REORDERING);
	if (fastopen_clear) {
		tm->tcpm_fastopen.mss = 0;
		tm->tcpm_fastopen.syn_loss = 0;
		tm->tcpm_fastopen.try_exp = 0;
		tm->tcpm_fastopen.cookie.exp = false;
		tm->tcpm_fastopen.cookie.len = 0;
	}
}

#define TCP_METRICS_TIMEOUT		(60 * 60 * HZ)

static void tcpm_check_stamp(struct tcp_metrics_block *tm, struct dst_entry *dst)
{
	if (tm && unlikely(time_after(jiffies, tm->tcpm_stamp + TCP_METRICS_TIMEOUT)))
		tcpm_suck_dst(tm, dst, false);
}

#define TCP_METRICS_RECLAIM_DEPTH	5
#define TCP_METRICS_RECLAIM_PTR		(struct tcp_metrics_block *) 0x1UL

#define deref_locked(p)	\
	rcu_dereference_protected(p, lockdep_is_held(&tcp_metrics_lock))

static struct tcp_metrics_block *tcpm_new(struct dst_entry *dst,
					  struct inetpeer_addr *saddr,
					  struct inetpeer_addr *daddr,
					  unsigned int hash)
{
	struct tcp_metrics_block *tm;
	struct net *net;
	bool reclaim = false;

	spin_lock_bh(&tcp_metrics_lock);
	net = dev_net(dst->dev);

	/* While waiting for the spin-lock the cache might have been populated
	 * with this entry and so we have to check again.
	 */
	tm = __tcp_get_metrics(saddr, daddr, net, hash);
	if (tm == TCP_METRICS_RECLAIM_PTR) {
		reclaim = true;
		tm = NULL;
	}
	if (tm) {
		tcpm_check_stamp(tm, dst);
		goto out_unlock;
	}

	if (unlikely(reclaim)) {
		struct tcp_metrics_block *oldest;

		oldest = deref_locked(tcp_metrics_hash[hash].chain);
		for (tm = deref_locked(oldest->tcpm_next); tm;
		     tm = deref_locked(tm->tcpm_next)) {
			if (time_before(tm->tcpm_stamp, oldest->tcpm_stamp))
				oldest = tm;
		}
		tm = oldest;
	} else {
		tm = kmalloc(sizeof(*tm), GFP_ATOMIC);
		if (!tm)
			goto out_unlock;
	}
	write_pnet(&tm->tcpm_net, net);
	tm->tcpm_saddr = *saddr;
	tm->tcpm_daddr = *daddr;

	tcpm_suck_dst(tm, dst, true);

	if (likely(!reclaim)) {
		tm->tcpm_next = tcp_metrics_hash[hash].chain;
		rcu_assign_pointer(tcp_metrics_hash[hash].chain, tm);
	}

out_unlock:
	spin_unlock_bh(&tcp_metrics_lock);
	return tm;
}

static struct tcp_metrics_block *tcp_get_encode(struct tcp_metrics_block *tm, int depth)
{
	if (tm)
		return tm;
	if (depth > TCP_METRICS_RECLAIM_DEPTH)
		return TCP_METRICS_RECLAIM_PTR;
	return NULL;
}

static struct tcp_metrics_block *__tcp_get_metrics(const struct inetpeer_addr *saddr,
						   const struct inetpeer_addr *daddr,
						   struct net *net, unsigned int hash)
{
	struct tcp_metrics_block *tm;
	int depth = 0;

	for (tm = rcu_dereference(tcp_metrics_hash[hash].chain); tm;
	     tm = rcu_dereference(tm->tcpm_next)) {
		if (addr_same(&tm->tcpm_saddr, saddr) &&
		    addr_same(&tm->tcpm_daddr, daddr) &&
		    net_eq(tm_net(tm), net))
			break;
		depth++;
	}
	return tcp_get_encode(tm, depth);
}

static struct tcp_metrics_block *__tcp_get_metrics_req(struct request_sock *req,
						       struct dst_entry *dst)
{
	struct tcp_metrics_block *tm;
	struct inetpeer_addr saddr, daddr;
	unsigned int hash;
	struct net *net;

	saddr.family = req->rsk_ops->family;
	daddr.family = req->rsk_ops->family;
	switch (daddr.family) {
	case AF_INET:
		inetpeer_set_addr_v4(&saddr, inet_rsk(req)->ir_loc_addr);
		inetpeer_set_addr_v4(&daddr, inet_rsk(req)->ir_rmt_addr);
		hash = ipv4_addr_hash(inet_rsk(req)->ir_rmt_addr);
		break;
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6)
	case AF_INET6:
		inetpeer_set_addr_v6(&saddr, &inet_rsk(req)->ir_v6_loc_addr);
		inetpeer_set_addr_v6(&daddr, &inet_rsk(req)->ir_v6_rmt_addr);
		hash = ipv6_addr_hash(&inet_rsk(req)->ir_v6_rmt_addr);
		break;
#endif
	default:
		return NULL;
	}

	net = dev_net(dst->dev);
	hash ^= net_hash_mix(net);
	hash = hash_32(hash, tcp_metrics_hash_log);

	for (tm = rcu_dereference(tcp_metrics_hash[hash].chain); tm;
	     tm = rcu_dereference(tm->tcpm_next)) {
		if (addr_same(&tm->tcpm_saddr, &saddr) &&
		    addr_same(&tm->tcpm_daddr, &daddr) &&
		    net_eq(tm_net(tm), net))
			break;
	}
	tcpm_check_stamp(tm, dst);
	return tm;
}

static struct tcp_metrics_block *tcp_get_metrics(struct sock *sk,
						 struct dst_entry *dst,
						 bool create)
{
	struct tcp_metrics_block *tm;
	struct inetpeer_addr saddr, daddr;
	unsigned int hash;
	struct net *net;

	if (sk->sk_family == AF_INET) {
		inetpeer_set_addr_v4(&saddr, inet_sk(sk)->inet_saddr);
		inetpeer_set_addr_v4(&daddr, inet_sk(sk)->inet_daddr);
		hash = ipv4_addr_hash(inet_sk(sk)->inet_daddr);
	}
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6)
	else if (sk->sk_family == AF_INET6) {
		if (ipv6_addr_v4mapped(&sk->sk_v6_daddr)) {
			inetpeer_set_addr_v4(&saddr, inet_sk(sk)->inet_saddr);
			inetpeer_set_addr_v4(&daddr, inet_sk(sk)->inet_daddr);
			hash = ipv4_addr_hash(inet_sk(sk)->inet_daddr);
		} else {
			inetpeer_set_addr_v6(&saddr, &sk->sk_v6_rcv_saddr);
			inetpeer_set_addr_v6(&daddr, &sk->sk_v6_daddr);
			hash = ipv6_addr_hash(&sk->sk_v6_daddr);
		}
	}
#endif
	else
		return NULL;

	net = dev_net(dst->dev);
	hash ^= net_hash_mix(net);
	hash = hash_32(hash, tcp_metrics_hash_log);

	tm = __tcp_get_metrics(&saddr, &daddr, net, hash);
	if (tm == TCP_METRICS_RECLAIM_PTR)
		tm = NULL;
	if (!tm && create)
		tm = tcpm_new(dst, &saddr, &daddr, hash);
	else
		tcpm_check_stamp(tm, dst);

	return tm;
}

/* Save metrics learned by this TCP session.  This function is called
 * only, when TCP finishes successfully i.e. when it enters TIME-WAIT
 * or goes from LAST-ACK to CLOSE.
 */
void tcp_update_metrics(struct sock *sk)
{
	const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
	struct dst_entry *dst = __sk_dst_get(sk);
	struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
	struct net *net = sock_net(sk);
	struct tcp_metrics_block *tm;
	unsigned long rtt;
	u32 val;
	int m;

	sk_dst_confirm(sk);
	if (net->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_nometrics_save || !dst)
		return;

	rcu_read_lock();
	if (icsk->icsk_backoff || !tp->srtt_us) {
		/* This session failed to estimate rtt. Why?
		 * Probably, no packets returned in time.  Reset our
		 * results.
		 */
		tm = tcp_get_metrics(sk, dst, false);
		if (tm && !tcp_metric_locked(tm, TCP_METRIC_RTT))
			tcp_metric_set(tm, TCP_METRIC_RTT, 0);
		goto out_unlock;
	} else
		tm = tcp_get_metrics(sk, dst, true);

	if (!tm)
		goto out_unlock;

	rtt = tcp_metric_get(tm, TCP_METRIC_RTT);
	m = rtt - tp->srtt_us;

	/* If newly calculated rtt larger than stored one, store new
	 * one. Otherwise, use EWMA. Remember, rtt overestimation is
	 * always better than underestimation.
	 */
	if (!tcp_metric_locked(tm, TCP_METRIC_RTT)) {
		if (m <= 0)
			rtt = tp->srtt_us;
		else
			rtt -= (m >> 3);
		tcp_metric_set(tm, TCP_METRIC_RTT, rtt);
	}

	if (!tcp_metric_locked(tm, TCP_METRIC_RTTVAR)) {
		unsigned long var;

		if (m < 0)
			m = -m;

		/* Scale deviation to rttvar fixed point */
		m >>= 1;
		if (m < tp->mdev_us)
			m = tp->mdev_us;

		var = tcp_metric_get(tm, TCP_METRIC_RTTVAR);
		if (m >= var)
			var = m;
		else
			var -= (var - m) >> 2;

		tcp_metric_set(tm, TCP_METRIC_RTTVAR, var);
	}

	if (tcp_in_initial_slowstart(tp)) {
		/* Slow start still did not finish. */
		if (!tcp_metric_locked(tm, TCP_METRIC_SSTHRESH)) {
			val = tcp_metric_get(tm, TCP_METRIC_SSTHRESH);
			if (val && (tp->snd_cwnd >> 1) > val)
				tcp_metric_set(tm, TCP_METRIC_SSTHRESH,
					       tp->snd_cwnd >> 1);
		}
		if (!tcp_metric_locked(tm, TCP_METRIC_CWND)) {
			val = tcp_metric_get(tm, TCP_METRIC_CWND);
			if (tp->snd_cwnd > val)
				tcp_metric_set(tm, TCP_METRIC_CWND,
					       tp->snd_cwnd);
		}
	} else if (!tcp_in_slow_start(tp) &&
		   icsk->icsk_ca_state == TCP_CA_Open) {
		/* Cong. avoidance phase, cwnd is reliable. */
		if (!tcp_metric_locked(tm, TCP_METRIC_SSTHRESH))
			tcp_metric_set(tm, TCP_METRIC_SSTHRESH,
				       max(tp->snd_cwnd >> 1, tp->snd_ssthresh));
		if (!tcp_metric_locked(tm, TCP_METRIC_CWND)) {
			val = tcp_metric_get(tm, TCP_METRIC_CWND);
			tcp_metric_set(tm, TCP_METRIC_CWND, (val + tp->snd_cwnd) >> 1);
		}
	} else {
		/* Else slow start did not finish, cwnd is non-sense,
		 * ssthresh may be also invalid.
		 */
		if (!tcp_metric_locked(tm, TCP_METRIC_CWND)) {
			val = tcp_metric_get(tm, TCP_METRIC_CWND);
			tcp_metric_set(tm, TCP_METRIC_CWND,
				       (val + tp->snd_ssthresh) >> 1);
		}
		if (!tcp_metric_locked(tm, TCP_METRIC_SSTHRESH)) {
			val = tcp_metric_get(tm, TCP_METRIC_SSTHRESH);
			if (val && tp->snd_ssthresh > val)
				tcp_metric_set(tm, TCP_METRIC_SSTHRESH,
					       tp->snd_ssthresh);
		}
		if (!tcp_metric_locked(tm, TCP_METRIC_REORDERING)) {
			val = tcp_metric_get(tm, TCP_METRIC_REORDERING);
			if (val < tp->reordering &&
			    tp->reordering != net->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_reordering)
				tcp_metric_set(tm, TCP_METRIC_REORDERING,
					       tp->reordering);
		}
	}
	tm->tcpm_stamp = jiffies;
out_unlock:
	rcu_read_unlock();
}

/* Initialize metrics on socket. */

void tcp_init_metrics(struct sock *sk)
{
	struct dst_entry *dst = __sk_dst_get(sk);
	struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
	struct tcp_metrics_block *tm;
	u32 val, crtt = 0; /* cached RTT scaled by 8 */

	sk_dst_confirm(sk);
	if (!dst)
		goto reset;

	rcu_read_lock();
	tm = tcp_get_metrics(sk, dst, true);
	if (!tm) {
		rcu_read_unlock();
		goto reset;
	}

	if (tcp_metric_locked(tm, TCP_METRIC_CWND))
		tp->snd_cwnd_clamp = tcp_metric_get(tm, TCP_METRIC_CWND);

	val = tcp_metric_get(tm, TCP_METRIC_SSTHRESH);
	if (val) {
		tp->snd_ssthresh = val;
		if (tp->snd_ssthresh > tp->snd_cwnd_clamp)
			tp->snd_ssthresh = tp->snd_cwnd_clamp;
	} else {
		/* ssthresh may have been reduced unnecessarily during.
		 * 3WHS. Restore it back to its initial default.
		 */
		tp->snd_ssthresh = TCP_INFINITE_SSTHRESH;
	}
	val = tcp_metric_get(tm, TCP_METRIC_REORDERING);
	if (val && tp->reordering != val)
		tp->reordering = val;

	crtt = tcp_metric_get(tm, TCP_METRIC_RTT);
	rcu_read_unlock();
reset:
	/* The initial RTT measurement from the SYN/SYN-ACK is not ideal
	 * to seed the RTO for later data packets because SYN packets are
	 * small. Use the per-dst cached values to seed the RTO but keep
	 * the RTT estimator variables intact (e.g., srtt, mdev, rttvar).
	 * Later the RTO will be updated immediately upon obtaining the first
	 * data RTT sample (tcp_rtt_estimator()). Hence the cached RTT only
	 * influences the first RTO but not later RTT estimation.
	 *
	 * But if RTT is not available from the SYN (due to retransmits or
	 * syn cookies) or the cache, force a conservative 3secs timeout.
	 *
	 * A bit of theory. RTT is time passed after "normal" sized packet
	 * is sent until it is ACKed. In normal circumstances sending small
	 * packets force peer to delay ACKs and calculation is correct too.
	 * The algorithm is adaptive and, provided we follow specs, it
	 * NEVER underestimate RTT. BUT! If peer tries to make some clever
	 * tricks sort of "quick acks" for time long enough to decrease RTT
	 * to low value, and then abruptly stops to do it and starts to delay
	 * ACKs, wait for troubles.
	 */
	if (crtt > tp->srtt_us) {
		/* Set RTO like tcp_rtt_estimator(), but from cached RTT. */
		crtt /= 8 * USEC_PER_SEC / HZ;
		inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto = crtt + max(2 * crtt, tcp_rto_min(sk));
	} else if (tp->srtt_us == 0) {
		/* RFC6298: 5.7 We've failed to get a valid RTT sample from
		 * 3WHS. This is most likely due to retransmission,
		 * including spurious one. Reset the RTO back to 3secs
		 * from the more aggressive 1sec to avoid more spurious
		 * retransmission.
		 */
		tp->rttvar_us = jiffies_to_usecs(TCP_TIMEOUT_FALLBACK);
		tp->mdev_us = tp->mdev_max_us = tp->rttvar_us;

		inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto = TCP_TIMEOUT_FALLBACK;
	}
	/* Cut cwnd down to 1 per RFC5681 if SYN or SYN-ACK has been
	 * retransmitted. In light of RFC6298 more aggressive 1sec
	 * initRTO, we only reset cwnd when more than 1 SYN/SYN-ACK
	 * retransmission has occurred.
	 */
	if (tp->total_retrans > 1)
		tp->snd_cwnd = 1;
	else
		tp->snd_cwnd = tcp_init_cwnd(tp, dst);
	tp->snd_cwnd_stamp = tcp_jiffies32;
}

bool tcp_peer_is_proven(struct request_sock *req, struct dst_entry *dst)
{
	struct tcp_metrics_block *tm;
	bool ret;

	if (!dst)
		return false;

	rcu_read_lock();
	tm = __tcp_get_metrics_req(req, dst);
	if (tm && tcp_metric_get(tm, TCP_METRIC_RTT))
		ret = true;
	else
		ret = false;
	rcu_read_unlock();

	return ret;
}

static DEFINE_SEQLOCK(fastopen_seqlock);

void tcp_fastopen_cache_get(struct sock *sk, u16 *mss,
			    struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *cookie)
{
	struct tcp_metrics_block *tm;

	rcu_read_lock();
	tm = tcp_get_metrics(sk, __sk_dst_get(sk), false);
	if (tm) {
		struct tcp_fastopen_metrics *tfom = &tm->tcpm_fastopen;
		unsigned int seq;

		do {
			seq = read_seqbegin(&fastopen_seqlock);
			if (tfom->mss)
				*mss = tfom->mss;
			*cookie = tfom->cookie;
			if (cookie->len <= 0 && tfom->try_exp == 1)
				cookie->exp = true;
		} while (read_seqretry(&fastopen_seqlock, seq));
	}
	rcu_read_unlock();
}

void tcp_fastopen_cache_set(struct sock *sk, u16 mss,
			    struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *cookie, bool syn_lost,
			    u16 try_exp)
{
	struct dst_entry *dst = __sk_dst_get(sk);
	struct tcp_metrics_block *tm;

	if (!dst)
		return;
	rcu_read_lock();
	tm = tcp_get_metrics(sk, dst, true);
	if (tm) {
		struct tcp_fastopen_metrics *tfom = &tm->tcpm_fastopen;

		write_seqlock_bh(&fastopen_seqlock);
		if (mss)
			tfom->mss = mss;
		if (cookie && cookie->len > 0)
			tfom->cookie = *cookie;
		else if (try_exp > tfom->try_exp &&
			 tfom->cookie.len <= 0 && !tfom->cookie.exp)
			tfom->try_exp = try_exp;
		if (syn_lost) {
			++tfom->syn_loss;
			tfom->last_syn_loss = jiffies;
		} else
			tfom->syn_loss = 0;
		write_sequnlock_bh(&fastopen_seqlock);
	}
	rcu_read_unlock();
}

static struct genl_family tcp_metrics_nl_family;

static const struct nla_policy tcp_metrics_nl_policy[TCP_METRICS_ATTR_MAX + 1] = {
	[TCP_METRICS_ATTR_ADDR_IPV4]	= { .type = NLA_U32, },
	[TCP_METRICS_ATTR_ADDR_IPV6]	= { .type = NLA_BINARY,
					    .len = sizeof(struct in6_addr), },
	/* Following attributes are not received for GET/DEL,
	 * we keep them for reference
	 */
#if 0
	[TCP_METRICS_ATTR_AGE]		= { .type = NLA_MSECS, },
	[TCP_METRICS_ATTR_TW_TSVAL]	= { .type = NLA_U32, },
	[TCP_METRICS_ATTR_TW_TS_STAMP]	= { .type = NLA_S32, },
	[TCP_METRICS_ATTR_VALS]		= { .type = NLA_NESTED, },
	[TCP_METRICS_ATTR_FOPEN_MSS]	= { .type = NLA_U16, },
	[TCP_METRICS_ATTR_FOPEN_SYN_DROPS]	= { .type = NLA_U16, },
	[TCP_METRICS_ATTR_FOPEN_SYN_DROP_TS]	= { .type = NLA_MSECS, },
	[TCP_METRICS_ATTR_FOPEN_COOKIE]	= { .type = NLA_BINARY,
					    .len = TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_MAX, },
#endif
};

/* Add attributes, caller cancels its header on failure */
static int tcp_metrics_fill_info(struct sk_buff *msg,
				 struct tcp_metrics_block *tm)
{
	struct nlattr *nest;
	int i;

	switch (tm->tcpm_daddr.family) {
	case AF_INET:
		if (nla_put_in_addr(msg, TCP_METRICS_ATTR_ADDR_IPV4,
				    inetpeer_get_addr_v4(&tm->tcpm_daddr)) < 0)
			goto nla_put_failure;
		if (nla_put_in_addr(msg, TCP_METRICS_ATTR_SADDR_IPV4,
				    inetpeer_get_addr_v4(&tm->tcpm_saddr)) < 0)
			goto nla_put_failure;
		break;
	case AF_INET6:
		if (nla_put_in6_addr(msg, TCP_METRICS_ATTR_ADDR_IPV6,
				     inetpeer_get_addr_v6(&tm->tcpm_daddr)) < 0)
			goto nla_put_failure;
		if (nla_put_in6_addr(msg, TCP_METRICS_ATTR_SADDR_IPV6,
				     inetpeer_get_addr_v6(&tm->tcpm_saddr)) < 0)
			goto nla_put_failure;
		break;
	default:
		return -EAFNOSUPPORT;
	}

	if (nla_put_msecs(msg, TCP_METRICS_ATTR_AGE,
			  jiffies - tm->tcpm_stamp,
			  TCP_METRICS_ATTR_PAD) < 0)
		goto nla_put_failure;

	{
		int n = 0;

		nest = nla_nest_start(msg, TCP_METRICS_ATTR_VALS);
		if (!nest)
			goto nla_put_failure;
		for (i = 0; i < TCP_METRIC_MAX_KERNEL + 1; i++) {
			u32 val = tm->tcpm_vals[i];

			if (!val)
				continue;
			if (i == TCP_METRIC_RTT) {
				if (nla_put_u32(msg, TCP_METRIC_RTT_US + 1,
						val) < 0)
					goto nla_put_failure;
				n++;
				val = max(val / 1000, 1U);
			}
			if (i == TCP_METRIC_RTTVAR) {
				if (nla_put_u32(msg, TCP_METRIC_RTTVAR_US + 1,
						val) < 0)
					goto nla_put_failure;
				n++;
				val = max(val / 1000, 1U);
			}
			if (nla_put_u32(msg, i + 1, val) < 0)
				goto nla_put_failure;
			n++;
		}
		if (n)
			nla_nest_end(msg, nest);
		else
			nla_nest_cancel(msg, nest);
	}

	{
		struct tcp_fastopen_metrics tfom_copy[1], *tfom;
		unsigned int seq;

		do {
			seq = read_seqbegin(&fastopen_seqlock);
			tfom_copy[0] = tm->tcpm_fastopen;
		} while (read_seqretry(&fastopen_seqlock, seq));

		tfom = tfom_copy;
		if (tfom->mss &&
		    nla_put_u16(msg, TCP_METRICS_ATTR_FOPEN_MSS,
				tfom->mss) < 0)
			goto nla_put_failure;
		if (tfom->syn_loss &&
		    (nla_put_u16(msg, TCP_METRICS_ATTR_FOPEN_SYN_DROPS,
				tfom->syn_loss) < 0 ||
		     nla_put_msecs(msg, TCP_METRICS_ATTR_FOPEN_SYN_DROP_TS,
				jiffies - tfom->last_syn_loss,
				TCP_METRICS_ATTR_PAD) < 0))
			goto nla_put_failure;
		if (tfom->cookie.len > 0 &&
		    nla_put(msg, TCP_METRICS_ATTR_FOPEN_COOKIE,
			    tfom->cookie.len, tfom->cookie.val) < 0)
			goto nla_put_failure;
	}

	return 0;

nla_put_failure:
	return -EMSGSIZE;
}

static int tcp_metrics_dump_info(struct sk_buff *skb,
				 struct netlink_callback *cb,
				 struct tcp_metrics_block *tm)
{
	void *hdr;

	hdr = genlmsg_put(skb, NETLINK_CB(cb->skb).portid, cb->nlh->nlmsg_seq,
			  &tcp_metrics_nl_family, NLM_F_MULTI,
			  TCP_METRICS_CMD_GET);
	if (!hdr)
		return -EMSGSIZE;

	if (tcp_metrics_fill_info(skb, tm) < 0)
		goto nla_put_failure;

	genlmsg_end(skb, hdr);
	return 0;

nla_put_failure:
	genlmsg_cancel(skb, hdr);
	return -EMSGSIZE;
}

static int tcp_metrics_nl_dump(struct sk_buff *skb,
			       struct netlink_callback *cb)
{
	struct net *net = sock_net(skb->sk);
	unsigned int max_rows = 1U << tcp_metrics_hash_log;
	unsigned int row, s_row = cb->args[0];
	int s_col = cb->args[1], col = s_col;

	for (row = s_row; row < max_rows; row++, s_col = 0) {
		struct tcp_metrics_block *tm;
		struct tcpm_hash_bucket *hb = tcp_metrics_hash + row;

		rcu_read_lock();
		for (col = 0, tm = rcu_dereference(hb->chain); tm;
		     tm = rcu_dereference(tm->tcpm_next), col++) {
			if (!net_eq(tm_net(tm), net))
				continue;
			if (col < s_col)
				continue;
			if (tcp_metrics_dump_info(skb, cb, tm) < 0) {
				rcu_read_unlock();
				goto done;
			}
		}
		rcu_read_unlock();
	}

done:
	cb->args[0] = row;
	cb->args[1] = col;
	return skb->len;
}

static int __parse_nl_addr(struct genl_info *info, struct inetpeer_addr *addr,
			   unsigned int *hash, int optional, int v4, int v6)
{
	struct nlattr *a;

	a = info->attrs[v4];
	if (a) {
		inetpeer_set_addr_v4(addr, nla_get_in_addr(a));
		if (hash)
			*hash = ipv4_addr_hash(inetpeer_get_addr_v4(addr));
		return 0;
	}
	a = info->attrs[v6];
	if (a) {
		struct in6_addr in6;

		if (nla_len(a) != sizeof(struct in6_addr))
			return -EINVAL;
		in6 = nla_get_in6_addr(a);
		inetpeer_set_addr_v6(addr, &in6);
		if (hash)
			*hash = ipv6_addr_hash(inetpeer_get_addr_v6(addr));
		return 0;
	}
	return optional ? 1 : -EAFNOSUPPORT;
}

static int parse_nl_addr(struct genl_info *info, struct inetpeer_addr *addr,
			 unsigned int *hash, int optional)
{
	return __parse_nl_addr(info, addr, hash, optional,
			       TCP_METRICS_ATTR_ADDR_IPV4,
			       TCP_METRICS_ATTR_ADDR_IPV6);
}

static int parse_nl_saddr(struct genl_info *info, struct inetpeer_addr *addr)
{
	return __parse_nl_addr(info, addr, NULL, 0,
			       TCP_METRICS_ATTR_SADDR_IPV4,
			       TCP_METRICS_ATTR_SADDR_IPV6);
}

static int tcp_metrics_nl_cmd_get(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info)
{
	struct tcp_metrics_block *tm;
	struct inetpeer_addr saddr, daddr;
	unsigned int hash;
	struct sk_buff *msg;
	struct net *net = genl_info_net(info);
	void *reply;
	int ret;
	bool src = true;

	ret = parse_nl_addr(info, &daddr, &hash, 0);
	if (ret < 0)
		return ret;

	ret = parse_nl_saddr(info, &saddr);
	if (ret < 0)
		src = false;

	msg = nlmsg_new(NLMSG_DEFAULT_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!msg)
		return -ENOMEM;

	reply = genlmsg_put_reply(msg, info, &tcp_metrics_nl_family, 0,
				  info->genlhdr->cmd);
	if (!reply)
		goto nla_put_failure;

	hash ^= net_hash_mix(net);
	hash = hash_32(hash, tcp_metrics_hash_log);
	ret = -ESRCH;
	rcu_read_lock();
	for (tm = rcu_dereference(tcp_metrics_hash[hash].chain); tm;
	     tm = rcu_dereference(tm->tcpm_next)) {
		if (addr_same(&tm->tcpm_daddr, &daddr) &&
		    (!src || addr_same(&tm->tcpm_saddr, &saddr)) &&
		    net_eq(tm_net(tm), net)) {
			ret = tcp_metrics_fill_info(msg, tm);
			break;
		}
	}
	rcu_read_unlock();
	if (ret < 0)
		goto out_free;

	genlmsg_end(msg, reply);
	return genlmsg_reply(msg, info);

nla_put_failure:
	ret = -EMSGSIZE;

out_free:
	nlmsg_free(msg);
	return ret;
}

static void tcp_metrics_flush_all(struct net *net)
{
	unsigned int max_rows = 1U << tcp_metrics_hash_log;
	struct tcpm_hash_bucket *hb = tcp_metrics_hash;
	struct tcp_metrics_block *tm;
	unsigned int row;

	for (row = 0; row < max_rows; row++, hb++) {
		struct tcp_metrics_block __rcu **pp;
		bool match;

		spin_lock_bh(&tcp_metrics_lock);
		pp = &hb->chain;
		for (tm = deref_locked(*pp); tm; tm = deref_locked(*pp)) {
			match = net ? net_eq(tm_net(tm), net) :
				!refcount_read(&tm_net(tm)->count);
			if (match) {
				*pp = tm->tcpm_next;
				kfree_rcu(tm, rcu_head);
			} else {
				pp = &tm->tcpm_next;
			}
		}
		spin_unlock_bh(&tcp_metrics_lock);
	}
}

static int tcp_metrics_nl_cmd_del(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info)
{
	struct tcpm_hash_bucket *hb;
	struct tcp_metrics_block *tm;
	struct tcp_metrics_block __rcu **pp;
	struct inetpeer_addr saddr, daddr;
	unsigned int hash;
	struct net *net = genl_info_net(info);
	int ret;
	bool src = true, found = false;

	ret = parse_nl_addr(info, &daddr, &hash, 1);
	if (ret < 0)
		return ret;
	if (ret > 0) {
		tcp_metrics_flush_all(net);
		return 0;
	}
	ret = parse_nl_saddr(info, &saddr);
	if (ret < 0)
		src = false;

	hash ^= net_hash_mix(net);
	hash = hash_32(hash, tcp_metrics_hash_log);
	hb = tcp_metrics_hash + hash;
	pp = &hb->chain;
	spin_lock_bh(&tcp_metrics_lock);
	for (tm = deref_locked(*pp); tm; tm = deref_locked(*pp)) {
		if (addr_same(&tm->tcpm_daddr, &daddr) &&
		    (!src || addr_same(&tm->tcpm_saddr, &saddr)) &&
		    net_eq(tm_net(tm), net)) {
			*pp = tm->tcpm_next;
			kfree_rcu(tm, rcu_head);
			found = true;
		} else {
			pp = &tm->tcpm_next;
		}
	}
	spin_unlock_bh(&tcp_metrics_lock);
	if (!found)
		return -ESRCH;
	return 0;
}

static const struct genl_ops tcp_metrics_nl_ops[] = {
	{
		.cmd = TCP_METRICS_CMD_GET,
		.doit = tcp_metrics_nl_cmd_get,
		.dumpit = tcp_metrics_nl_dump,
		.policy = tcp_metrics_nl_policy,
	},
	{
		.cmd = TCP_METRICS_CMD_DEL,
		.doit = tcp_metrics_nl_cmd_del,
		.policy = tcp_metrics_nl_policy,
		.flags = GENL_ADMIN_PERM,
	},
};

static struct genl_family tcp_metrics_nl_family __ro_after_init = {
	.hdrsize	= 0,
	.name		= TCP_METRICS_GENL_NAME,
	.version	= TCP_METRICS_GENL_VERSION,
	.maxattr	= TCP_METRICS_ATTR_MAX,
	.netnsok	= true,
	.module		= THIS_MODULE,
	.ops		= tcp_metrics_nl_ops,
	.n_ops		= ARRAY_SIZE(tcp_metrics_nl_ops),
};

static unsigned int tcpmhash_entries;
static int __init set_tcpmhash_entries(char *str)
{
	ssize_t ret;

	if (!str)
		return 0;

	ret = kstrtouint(str, 0, &tcpmhash_entries);
	if (ret)
		return 0;

	return 1;
}
__setup("tcpmhash_entries=", set_tcpmhash_entries);

static int __net_init tcp_net_metrics_init(struct net *net)
{
	size_t size;
	unsigned int slots;

	if (!net_eq(net, &init_net))
		return 0;

	slots = tcpmhash_entries;
	if (!slots) {
		if (totalram_pages() >= 128 * 1024)
			slots = 16 * 1024;
		else
			slots = 8 * 1024;
	}

	tcp_metrics_hash_log = order_base_2(slots);
	size = sizeof(struct tcpm_hash_bucket) << tcp_metrics_hash_log;

	tcp_metrics_hash = kvzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!tcp_metrics_hash)
		return -ENOMEM;

	return 0;
}

static void __net_exit tcp_net_metrics_exit_batch(struct list_head *net_exit_list)
{
	tcp_metrics_flush_all(NULL);
}

static __net_initdata struct pernet_operations tcp_net_metrics_ops = {
	.init		=	tcp_net_metrics_init,
	.exit_batch	=	tcp_net_metrics_exit_batch,
};

void __init tcp_metrics_init(void)
{
	int ret;

	ret = register_pernet_subsys(&tcp_net_metrics_ops);
	if (ret < 0)
		panic("Could not allocate the tcp_metrics hash table\n");

	ret = genl_register_family(&tcp_metrics_nl_family);
	if (ret < 0)
		panic("Could not register tcp_metrics generic netlink\n");
}