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path: root/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_offload.py
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#!/usr/bin/python3

# Copyright (C) 2017 Netronome Systems, Inc.
# Copyright (c) 2019 Mellanox Technologies. All rights reserved
#
# This software is licensed under the GNU General License Version 2,
# June 1991 as shown in the file COPYING in the top-level directory of this
# source tree.
#
# THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM "AS IS"
# WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING,
# BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
# FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE
# OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME
# THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.

from datetime import datetime
import argparse
import errno
import json
import os
import pprint
import random
import re
import stat
import string
import struct
import subprocess
import time
import traceback

logfile = None
log_level = 1
skip_extack = False
bpf_test_dir = os.path.dirname(os.path.realpath(__file__))
pp = pprint.PrettyPrinter()
devs = [] # devices we created for clean up
files = [] # files to be removed
netns = [] # net namespaces to be removed

def log_get_sec(level=0):
    return "*" * (log_level + level)

def log_level_inc(add=1):
    global log_level
    log_level += add

def log_level_dec(sub=1):
    global log_level
    log_level -= sub

def log_level_set(level):
    global log_level
    log_level = level

def log(header, data, level=None):
    """
    Output to an optional log.
    """
    if logfile is None:
        return
    if level is not None:
        log_level_set(level)

    if not isinstance(data, str):
        data = pp.pformat(data)

    if len(header):
        logfile.write("\n" + log_get_sec() + " ")
        logfile.write(header)
    if len(header) and len(data.strip()):
        logfile.write("\n")
    logfile.write(data)

def skip(cond, msg):
    if not cond:
        return
    print("SKIP: " + msg)
    log("SKIP: " + msg, "", level=1)
    os.sys.exit(0)

def fail(cond, msg):
    if not cond:
        return
    print("FAIL: " + msg)
    tb = "".join(traceback.extract_stack().format())
    print(tb)
    log("FAIL: " + msg, tb, level=1)
    os.sys.exit(1)

def start_test(msg):
    log(msg, "", level=1)
    log_level_inc()
    print(msg)

def cmd(cmd, shell=True, include_stderr=False, background=False, fail=True):
    """
    Run a command in subprocess and return tuple of (retval, stdout);
    optionally return stderr as well as third value.
    """
    proc = subprocess.Popen(cmd, shell=shell, stdout=subprocess.PIPE,
                            stderr=subprocess.PIPE)
    if background:
        msg = "%s START: %s" % (log_get_sec(1),
                                datetime.now().strftime("%H:%M:%S.%f"))
        log("BKG " + proc.args, msg)
        return proc

    return cmd_result(proc, include_stderr=include_stderr, fail=fail)

def cmd_result(proc, include_stderr=False, fail=False):
    stdout, stderr = proc.communicate()
    stdout = stdout.decode("utf-8")
    stderr = stderr.decode("utf-8")
    proc.stdout.close()
    proc.stderr.close()

    stderr = "\n" + stderr
    if stderr[-1] == "\n":
        stderr = stderr[:-1]

    sec = log_get_sec(1)
    log("CMD " + proc.args,
        "RETCODE: %d\n%s STDOUT:\n%s%s STDERR:%s\n%s END: %s" %
        (proc.returncode, sec, stdout, sec, stderr,
         sec, datetime.now().strftime("%H:%M:%S.%f")))

    if proc.returncode != 0 and fail:
        if len(stderr) > 0 and stderr[-1] == "\n":
            stderr = stderr[:-1]
        raise Exception("Command failed: %s\n%s" % (proc.args, stderr))

    if include_stderr:
        return proc.returncode, stdout, stderr
    else:
        return proc.returncode, stdout

def rm(f):
    cmd("rm -f %s" % (f))
    if f in files:
        files.remove(f)

def tool(name, args, flags, JSON=True, ns="", fail=True, include_stderr=False):
    params = ""
    if JSON:
        params += "%s " % (flags["json"])

    if ns != "":
        ns = "ip netns exec %s " % (ns)

    if include_stderr:
        ret, stdout, stderr = cmd(ns + name + " " + params + args,
                                  fail=fail, include_stderr=True)
    else:
        ret, stdout = cmd(ns + name + " " + params + args,
                          fail=fail, include_stderr=False)

    if JSON and len(stdout.strip()) != 0:
        out = json.loads(stdout)
    else:
        out = stdout

    if include_stderr:
        return ret, out, stderr
    else:
        return ret, out

def bpftool(args, JSON=True, ns="", fail=True, include_stderr=False):
    return tool("bpftool", args, {"json":"-p"}, JSON=JSON, ns=ns,
                fail=fail, include_stderr=include_stderr)

def bpftool_prog_list(expected=None, ns=""):
    _, progs = bpftool("prog show", JSON=True, ns=ns, fail=True)
    # Remove the base progs
    for p in base_progs:
        if p in progs:
            progs.remove(p)
    if expected is not None:
        if len(progs) != expected:
            fail(True, "%d BPF programs loaded, expected %d" %
                 (len(progs), expected))
    return progs

def bpftool_map_list(expected=None, ns=""):
    _, maps = bpftool("map show", JSON=True, ns=ns, fail=True)
    # Remove the base maps
    for m in base_maps:
        if m in maps:
            maps.remove(m)
    if expected is not None:
        if len(maps) != expected:
            fail(True, "%d BPF maps loaded, expected %d" %
                 (len(maps), expected))
    return maps

def bpftool_prog_list_wait(expected=0, n_retry=20):
    for i in range(n_retry):
        nprogs = len(bpftool_prog_list())
        if nprogs == expected:
            return
        time.sleep(0.05)
    raise Exception("Time out waiting for program counts to stabilize want %d, have %d" % (expected, nprogs))

def bpftool_map_list_wait(expected=0, n_retry=20):
    for i in range(n_retry):
        nmaps = len(bpftool_map_list())
        if nmaps == expected:
            return
        time.sleep(0.05)
    raise Exception("Time out waiting for map counts to stabilize want %d, have %d" % (expected, nmaps))

def bpftool_prog_load(sample, file_name, maps=[], prog_type="xdp", dev=None,
                      fail=True, include_stderr=False):
    args = "prog load %s %s" % (os.path.join(bpf_test_dir, sample), file_name)
    if prog_type is not None:
        args += " type " + prog_type
    if dev is not None:
        args += " dev " + dev
    if len(maps):
        args += " map " + " map ".join(maps)

    res = bpftool(args, fail=fail, include_stderr=include_stderr)
    if res[0] == 0:
        files.append(file_name)
    return res

def ip(args, force=False, JSON=True, ns="", fail=True, include_stderr=False):
    if force:
        args = "-force " + args
    return tool("ip", args, {"json":"-j"}, JSON=JSON, ns=ns,
                fail=fail, include_stderr=include_stderr)

def tc(args, JSON=True, ns="", fail=True, include_stderr=False):
    return tool("tc", args, {"json":"-p"}, JSON=JSON, ns=ns,
                fail=fail, include_stderr=include_stderr)

def ethtool(dev, opt, args, fail=True):
    return cmd("ethtool %s %s %s" % (opt, dev["ifname"], args), fail=fail)

def bpf_obj(name, sec=".text", path=bpf_test_dir,):
    return "obj %s sec %s" % (os.path.join(path, name), sec)

def bpf_pinned(name):
    return "pinned %s" % (name)

def bpf_bytecode(bytecode):
    return "bytecode \"%s\"" % (bytecode)

def mknetns(n_retry=10):
    for i in range(n_retry):
        name = ''.join([random.choice(string.ascii_letters) for i in range(8)])
        ret, _ = ip("netns add %s" % (name), fail=False)
        if ret == 0:
            netns.append(name)
            return name
    return None

def int2str(fmt, val):
    ret = []
    for b in struct.pack(fmt, val):
        ret.append(int(b))
    return " ".join(map(lambda x: str(x), ret))

def str2int(strtab):
    inttab = []
    for i in strtab:
        inttab.append(int(i, 16))
    ba = bytearray(inttab)
    if len(strtab) == 4:
        fmt = "I"
    elif len(strtab) == 8:
        fmt = "Q"
    else:
        raise Exception("String array of len %d can't be unpacked to an int" %
                        (len(strtab)))
    return struct.unpack(fmt, ba)[0]

class DebugfsDir:
    """
    Class for accessing DebugFS directories as a dictionary.
    """

    def __init__(self, path):
        self.path = path
        self._dict = self._debugfs_dir_read(path)

    def __len__(self):
        return len(self._dict.keys())

    def __getitem__(self, key):
        if type(key) is int:
            key = list(self._dict.keys())[key]
        return self._dict[key]

    def __setitem__(self, key, value):
        log("DebugFS set %s = %s" % (key, value), "")
        log_level_inc()

        cmd("echo '%s' > %s/%s" % (value, self.path, key))
        log_level_dec()

        _, out = cmd('cat %s/%s' % (self.path, key))
        self._dict[key] = out.strip()

    def _debugfs_dir_read(self, path):
        dfs = {}

        log("DebugFS state for %s" % (path), "")
        log_level_inc(add=2)

        _, out = cmd('ls ' + path)
        for f in out.split():
            if f == "ports":
                continue

            p = os.path.join(path, f)
            if not os.stat(p).st_mode & stat.S_IRUSR:
                continue

            if os.path.isfile(p):
                _, out = cmd('cat %s/%s' % (path, f))
                dfs[f] = out.strip()
            elif os.path.isdir(p):
                dfs[f] = DebugfsDir(p)
            else:
                raise Exception("%s is neither file nor directory" % (p))

        log_level_dec()
        log("DebugFS state", dfs)
        log_level_dec()

        return dfs

class NetdevSimDev:
    """
    Class for netdevsim bus device and its attributes.
    """
    @staticmethod
    def ctrl_write(path, val):
        fullpath = os.path.join("/sys/bus/netdevsim/", path)
        try:
            with open(fullpath, "w") as f:
                f.write(val)
        except OSError as e:
            log("WRITE %s: %r" % (fullpath, val), -e.errno)
            raise e
        log("WRITE %s: %r" % (fullpath, val), 0)

    def __init__(self, port_count=1):
        addr = 0
        while True:
            try:
                self.ctrl_write("new_device", "%u %u" % (addr, port_count))
            except OSError as e:
                if e.errno == errno.ENOSPC:
                    addr += 1
                    continue
                raise e
            break
        self.addr = addr

        # As probe of netdevsim device might happen from a workqueue,
        # so wait here until all netdevs appear.
        self.wait_for_netdevs(port_count)

        ret, out = cmd("udevadm settle", fail=False)
        if ret:
            raise Exception("udevadm settle failed")
        ifnames = self.get_ifnames()

        devs.append(self)
        self.dfs_dir = "/sys/kernel/debug/netdevsim/netdevsim%u/" % addr

        self.nsims = []
        for port_index in range(port_count):
            self.nsims.append(NetdevSim(self, port_index, ifnames[port_index]))

    def get_ifnames(self):
        ifnames = []
        listdir = os.listdir("/sys/bus/netdevsim/devices/netdevsim%u/net/" % self.addr)
        for ifname in listdir:
            ifnames.append(ifname)
        ifnames.sort()
        return ifnames

    def wait_for_netdevs(self, port_count):
        timeout = 5
        timeout_start = time.time()

        while True:
            try:
                ifnames = self.get_ifnames()
            except FileNotFoundError as e:
                ifnames = []
            if len(ifnames) == port_count:
                break
            if time.time() < timeout_start + timeout:
                continue
            raise Exception("netdevices did not appear within timeout")

    def dfs_num_bound_progs(self):
        path = os.path.join(self.dfs_dir, "bpf_bound_progs")
        _, progs = cmd('ls %s' % (path))
        return len(progs.split())

    def dfs_get_bound_progs(self, expected):
        progs = DebugfsDir(os.path.join(self.dfs_dir, "bpf_bound_progs"))
        if expected is not None:
            if len(progs) != expected:
                fail(True, "%d BPF programs bound, expected %d" %
                     (len(progs), expected))
        return progs

    def remove(self):
        self.ctrl_write("del_device", "%u" % (self.addr, ))
        devs.remove(self)

    def remove_nsim(self, nsim):
        self.nsims.remove(nsim)
        self.ctrl_write("devices/netdevsim%u/del_port" % (self.addr, ),
                        "%u" % (nsim.port_index, ))

class NetdevSim:
    """
    Class for netdevsim netdevice and its attributes.
    """

    def __init__(self, nsimdev, port_index, ifname):
        # In case udev renamed the netdev to according to new schema,
        # check if the name matches the port_index.
        nsimnamere = re.compile("eni\d+np(\d+)")
        match = nsimnamere.match(ifname)
        if match and int(match.groups()[0]) != port_index + 1:
            raise Exception("netdevice name mismatches the expected one")

        self.nsimdev = nsimdev
        self.port_index = port_index
        self.ns = ""
        self.dfs_dir = "%s/ports/%u/" % (nsimdev.dfs_dir, port_index)
        self.dfs_refresh()
        _, [self.dev] = ip("link show dev %s" % ifname)

    def __getitem__(self, key):
        return self.dev[key]

    def remove(self):
        self.nsimdev.remove_nsim(self)

    def dfs_refresh(self):
        self.dfs = DebugfsDir(self.dfs_dir)
        return self.dfs

    def dfs_read(self, f):
        path = os.path.join(self.dfs_dir, f)
        _, data = cmd('cat %s' % (path))
        return data.strip()

    def wait_for_flush(self, bound=0, total=0, n_retry=20):
        for i in range(n_retry):
            nbound = self.nsimdev.dfs_num_bound_progs()
            nprogs = len(bpftool_prog_list())
            if nbound == bound and nprogs == total:
                return
            time.sleep(0.05)
        raise Exception("Time out waiting for program counts to stabilize want %d/%d, have %d bound, %d loaded" % (bound, total, nbound, nprogs))

    def set_ns(self, ns):
        name = "1" if ns == "" else ns
        ip("link set dev %s netns %s" % (self.dev["ifname"], name), ns=self.ns)
        self.ns = ns

    def set_mtu(self, mtu, fail=True):
        return ip("link set dev %s mtu %d" % (self.dev["ifname"], mtu),
                  fail=fail)

    def set_xdp(self, bpf, mode, force=False, JSON=True, verbose=False,
                fail=True, include_stderr=False):
        if verbose:
            bpf += " verbose"
        return ip("link set dev %s xdp%s %s" % (self.dev["ifname"], mode, bpf),
                  force=force, JSON=JSON,
                  fail=fail, include_stderr=include_stderr)

    def unset_xdp(self, mode, force=False, JSON=True,
                  fail=True, include_stderr=False):
        return ip("link set dev %s xdp%s off" % (self.dev["ifname"], mode),
                  force=force, JSON=JSON,
                  fail=fail, include_stderr=include_stderr)

    def ip_link_show(self, xdp):
        _, link = ip("link show dev %s" % (self['ifname']))
        if len(link) > 1:
            raise Exception("Multiple objects on ip link show")
        if len(link) < 1:
            return {}
        fail(xdp != "xdp" in link,
             "XDP program not reporting in iplink (reported %s, expected %s)" %
             ("xdp" in link, xdp))
        return link[0]

    def tc_add_ingress(self):
        tc("qdisc add dev %s ingress" % (self['ifname']))

    def tc_del_ingress(self):
        tc("qdisc del dev %s ingress" % (self['ifname']))

    def tc_flush_filters(self, bound=0, total=0):
        self.tc_del_ingress()
        self.tc_add_ingress()
        self.wait_for_flush(bound=bound, total=total)

    def tc_show_ingress(self, expected=None):
        # No JSON support, oh well...
        flags = ["skip_sw", "skip_hw", "in_hw"]
        named = ["protocol", "pref", "chain", "handle", "id", "tag"]

        args = "-s filter show dev %s ingress" % (self['ifname'])
        _, out = tc(args, JSON=False)

        filters = []
        lines = out.split('\n')
        for line in lines:
            words = line.split()
            if "handle" not in words:
                continue
            fltr = {}
            for flag in flags:
                fltr[flag] = flag in words
            for name in named:
                try:
                    idx = words.index(name)
                    fltr[name] = words[idx + 1]
                except ValueError:
                    pass
            filters.append(fltr)

        if expected is not None:
            fail(len(filters) != expected,
                 "%d ingress filters loaded, expected %d" %
                 (len(filters), expected))
        return filters

    def cls_filter_op(self, op, qdisc="ingress", prio=None, handle=None,
                      chain=None, cls="", params="",
                      fail=True, include_stderr=False):
        spec = ""
        if prio is not None:
            spec += " prio %d" % (prio)
        if handle:
            spec += " handle %s" % (handle)
        if chain is not None:
            spec += " chain %d" % (chain)

        return tc("filter {op} dev {dev} {qdisc} {spec} {cls} {params}"\
                  .format(op=op, dev=self['ifname'], qdisc=qdisc, spec=spec,
                          cls=cls, params=params),
                  fail=fail, include_stderr=include_stderr)

    def cls_bpf_add_filter(self, bpf, op="add", prio=None, handle=None,
                           chain=None, da=False, verbose=False,
                           skip_sw=False, skip_hw=False,
                           fail=True, include_stderr=False):
        cls = "bpf " + bpf

        params = ""
        if da:
            params += " da"
        if verbose:
            params += " verbose"
        if skip_sw:
            params += " skip_sw"
        if skip_hw:
            params += " skip_hw"

        return self.cls_filter_op(op=op, prio=prio, handle=handle, cls=cls,
                                  chain=chain, params=params,
                                  fail=fail, include_stderr=include_stderr)

    def set_ethtool_tc_offloads(self, enable, fail=True):
        args = "hw-tc-offload %s" % ("on" if enable else "off")
        return ethtool(self, "-K", args, fail=fail)

################################################################################
def clean_up():
    global files, netns, devs

    for dev in devs:
        dev.remove()
    for f in files:
        cmd("rm -f %s" % (f))
    for ns in netns:
        cmd("ip netns delete %s" % (ns))
    files = []
    netns = []

def pin_prog(file_name, idx=0):
    progs = bpftool_prog_list(expected=(idx + 1))
    prog = progs[idx]
    bpftool("prog pin id %d %s" % (prog["id"], file_name))
    files.append(file_name)

    return file_name, bpf_pinned(file_name)

def pin_map(file_name, idx=0, expected=1):
    maps = bpftool_map_list(expected=expected)
    m = maps[idx]
    bpftool("map pin id %d %s" % (m["id"], file_name))
    files.append(file_name)

    return file_name, bpf_pinned(file_name)

def check_dev_info_removed(prog_file=None, map_file=None):
    bpftool_prog_list(expected=0)
    ret, err = bpftool("prog show pin %s" % (prog_file), fail=False)
    fail(ret == 0, "Showing prog with removed device did not fail")
    fail(err["error"].find("No such device") == -1,
         "Showing prog with removed device expected ENODEV, error is %s" %
         (err["error"]))

    bpftool_map_list(expected=0)
    ret, err = bpftool("map show pin %s" % (map_file), fail=False)
    fail(ret == 0, "Showing map with removed device did not fail")
    fail(err["error"].find("No such device") == -1,
         "Showing map with removed device expected ENODEV, error is %s" %
         (err["error"]))

def check_dev_info(other_ns, ns, prog_file=None, map_file=None, removed=False):
    progs = bpftool_prog_list(expected=1, ns=ns)
    prog = progs[0]

    fail("dev" not in prog.keys(), "Device parameters not reported")
    dev = prog["dev"]
    fail("ifindex" not in dev.keys(), "Device parameters not reported")
    fail("ns_dev" not in dev.keys(), "Device parameters not reported")
    fail("ns_inode" not in dev.keys(), "Device parameters not reported")

    if not other_ns:
        fail("ifname" not in dev.keys(), "Ifname not reported")
        fail(dev["ifname"] != sim["ifname"],
             "Ifname incorrect %s vs %s" % (dev["ifname"], sim["ifname"]))
    else:
        fail("ifname" in dev.keys(), "Ifname is reported for other ns")

    maps = bpftool_map_list(expected=2, ns=ns)
    for m in maps:
        fail("dev" not in m.keys(), "Device parameters not reported")
        fail(dev != m["dev"], "Map's device different than program's")

def check_extack(output, reference, args):
    if skip_extack:
        return
    lines = output.split("\n")
    comp = len(lines) >= 2 and lines[1] == 'Error: ' + reference
    fail(not comp, "Missing or incorrect netlink extack message")

def check_extack_nsim(output, reference, args):
    check_extack(output, "netdevsim: " + reference, args)

def check_no_extack(res, needle):
    fail((res[1] + res[2]).count(needle) or (res[1] + res[2]).count("Warning:"),
         "Found '%s' in command output, leaky extack?" % (needle))

def check_verifier_log(output, reference):
    lines = output.split("\n")
    for l in reversed(lines):
        if l == reference:
            return
    fail(True, "Missing or incorrect message from netdevsim in verifier log")

def check_multi_basic(two_xdps):
    fail(two_xdps["mode"] != 4, "Bad mode reported with multiple programs")
    fail("prog" in two_xdps, "Base program reported in multi program mode")
    fail(len(two_xdps["attached"]) != 2,
         "Wrong attached program count with two programs")
    fail(two_xdps["attached"][0]["prog"]["id"] ==
         two_xdps["attached"][1]["prog"]["id"],
         "Offloaded and other programs have the same id")

def test_spurios_extack(sim, obj, skip_hw, needle):
    res = sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(obj, prio=1, handle=1, skip_hw=skip_hw,
                                 include_stderr=True)
    check_no_extack(res, needle)
    res = sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(obj, op="replace", prio=1, handle=1,
                                 skip_hw=skip_hw, include_stderr=True)
    check_no_extack(res, needle)
    res = sim.cls_filter_op(op="delete", prio=1, handle=1, cls="bpf",
                            include_stderr=True)
    check_no_extack(res, needle)

def test_multi_prog(simdev, sim, obj, modename, modeid):
    start_test("Test multi-attachment XDP - %s + offload..." %
               (modename or "default", ))
    sim.set_xdp(obj, "offload")
    xdp = sim.ip_link_show(xdp=True)["xdp"]
    offloaded = sim.dfs_read("bpf_offloaded_id")
    fail("prog" not in xdp, "Base program not reported in single program mode")
    fail(len(xdp["attached"]) != 1,
         "Wrong attached program count with one program")

    sim.set_xdp(obj, modename)
    two_xdps = sim.ip_link_show(xdp=True)["xdp"]

    fail(xdp["attached"][0] not in two_xdps["attached"],
         "Offload program not reported after other activated")
    check_multi_basic(two_xdps)

    offloaded2 = sim.dfs_read("bpf_offloaded_id")
    fail(offloaded != offloaded2,
         "Offload ID changed after loading other program")

    start_test("Test multi-attachment XDP - replace...")
    ret, _, err = sim.set_xdp(obj, "offload", fail=False, include_stderr=True)
    fail(ret == 0, "Replaced one of programs without -force")
    check_extack(err, "XDP program already attached.", args)

    if modename == "" or modename == "drv":
        othermode = "" if modename == "drv" else "drv"
        start_test("Test multi-attachment XDP - detach...")
        ret, _, err = sim.unset_xdp(othermode, force=True,
                                    fail=False, include_stderr=True)
        fail(ret == 0, "Removed program with a bad mode")
        check_extack(err, "program loaded with different flags.", args)

    sim.unset_xdp("offload")
    xdp = sim.ip_link_show(xdp=True)["xdp"]
    offloaded = sim.dfs_read("bpf_offloaded_id")

    fail(xdp["mode"] != modeid, "Bad mode reported after multiple programs")
    fail("prog" not in xdp,
         "Base program not reported after multi program mode")
    fail(xdp["attached"][0] not in two_xdps["attached"],
         "Offload program not reported after other activated")
    fail(len(xdp["attached"]) != 1,
         "Wrong attached program count with remaining programs")
    fail(offloaded != "0", "Offload ID reported with only other program left")

    start_test("Test multi-attachment XDP - reattach...")
    sim.set_xdp(obj, "offload")
    two_xdps = sim.ip_link_show(xdp=True)["xdp"]

    fail(xdp["attached"][0] not in two_xdps["attached"],
         "Other program not reported after offload activated")
    check_multi_basic(two_xdps)

    start_test("Test multi-attachment XDP - device remove...")
    simdev.remove()

    simdev = NetdevSimDev()
    sim, = simdev.nsims
    sim.set_ethtool_tc_offloads(True)
    return [simdev, sim]

# Parse command line
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
parser.add_argument("--log", help="output verbose log to given file")
args = parser.parse_args()
if args.log:
    logfile = open(args.log, 'w+')
    logfile.write("# -*-Org-*-")

log("Prepare...", "", level=1)
log_level_inc()

# Check permissions
skip(os.getuid() != 0, "test must be run as root")

# Check tools
ret, progs = bpftool("prog", fail=False)
skip(ret != 0, "bpftool not installed")
base_progs = progs
_, base_maps = bpftool("map")

# Check netdevsim
ret, out = cmd("modprobe netdevsim", fail=False)
skip(ret != 0, "netdevsim module could not be loaded")

# Check debugfs
_, out = cmd("mount")
if out.find("/sys/kernel/debug type debugfs") == -1:
    cmd("mount -t debugfs none /sys/kernel/debug")

# Check samples are compiled
samples = ["sample_ret0.o", "sample_map_ret0.o"]
for s in samples:
    ret, out = cmd("ls %s/%s" % (bpf_test_dir, s), fail=False)
    skip(ret != 0, "sample %s/%s not found, please compile it" %
         (bpf_test_dir, s))

# Check if iproute2 is built with libmnl (needed by extack support)
_, _, err = cmd("tc qdisc delete dev lo handle 0",
                fail=False, include_stderr=True)
if err.find("Error: Failed to find qdisc with specified handle.") == -1:
    print("Warning: no extack message in iproute2 output, libmnl missing?")
    log("Warning: no extack message in iproute2 output, libmnl missing?", "")
    skip_extack = True

# Check if net namespaces seem to work
ns = mknetns()
skip(ns is None, "Could not create a net namespace")
cmd("ip netns delete %s" % (ns))
netns = []

try:
    obj = bpf_obj("sample_ret0.o")
    bytecode = bpf_bytecode("1,6 0 0 4294967295,")

    start_test("Test destruction of generic XDP...")
    simdev = NetdevSimDev()
    sim, = simdev.nsims
    sim.set_xdp(obj, "generic")
    simdev.remove()
    bpftool_prog_list_wait(expected=0)

    simdev = NetdevSimDev()
    sim, = simdev.nsims
    sim.tc_add_ingress()

    start_test("Test TC non-offloaded...")
    ret, _ = sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(obj, skip_hw=True, fail=False)
    fail(ret != 0, "Software TC filter did not load")

    start_test("Test TC non-offloaded isn't getting bound...")
    ret, _ = sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(obj, fail=False)
    fail(ret != 0, "Software TC filter did not load")
    simdev.dfs_get_bound_progs(expected=0)

    sim.tc_flush_filters()

    start_test("Test TC offloads are off by default...")
    ret, _, err = sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(obj, skip_sw=True,
                                         fail=False, include_stderr=True)
    fail(ret == 0, "TC filter loaded without enabling TC offloads")
    check_extack(err, "TC offload is disabled on net device.", args)
    sim.wait_for_flush()

    sim.set_ethtool_tc_offloads(True)
    sim.dfs["bpf_tc_non_bound_accept"] = "Y"

    start_test("Test TC offload by default...")
    ret, _ = sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(obj, fail=False)
    fail(ret != 0, "Software TC filter did not load")
    simdev.dfs_get_bound_progs(expected=0)
    ingress = sim.tc_show_ingress(expected=1)
    fltr = ingress[0]
    fail(not fltr["in_hw"], "Filter not offloaded by default")

    sim.tc_flush_filters()

    start_test("Test TC cBPF bytcode tries offload by default...")
    ret, _ = sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(bytecode, fail=False)
    fail(ret != 0, "Software TC filter did not load")
    simdev.dfs_get_bound_progs(expected=0)
    ingress = sim.tc_show_ingress(expected=1)
    fltr = ingress[0]
    fail(not fltr["in_hw"], "Bytecode not offloaded by default")

    sim.tc_flush_filters()
    sim.dfs["bpf_tc_non_bound_accept"] = "N"

    start_test("Test TC cBPF unbound bytecode doesn't offload...")
    ret, _, err = sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(bytecode, skip_sw=True,
                                         fail=False, include_stderr=True)
    fail(ret == 0, "TC bytecode loaded for offload")
    check_extack_nsim(err, "netdevsim configured to reject unbound programs.",
                      args)
    sim.wait_for_flush()

    start_test("Test non-0 chain offload...")
    ret, _, err = sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(obj, chain=1, prio=1, handle=1,
                                         skip_sw=True,
                                         fail=False, include_stderr=True)
    fail(ret == 0, "Offloaded a filter to chain other than 0")
    check_extack(err, "Driver supports only offload of chain 0.", args)
    sim.tc_flush_filters()

    start_test("Test TC replace...")
    sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(obj, prio=1, handle=1)
    sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(obj, op="replace", prio=1, handle=1)
    sim.cls_filter_op(op="delete", prio=1, handle=1, cls="bpf")

    sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(obj, prio=1, handle=1, skip_sw=True)
    sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(obj, op="replace", prio=1, handle=1, skip_sw=True)
    sim.cls_filter_op(op="delete", prio=1, handle=1, cls="bpf")

    sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(obj, prio=1, handle=1, skip_hw=True)
    sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(obj, op="replace", prio=1, handle=1, skip_hw=True)
    sim.cls_filter_op(op="delete", prio=1, handle=1, cls="bpf")

    start_test("Test TC replace bad flags...")
    for i in range(3):
        for j in range(3):
            ret, _ = sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(obj, op="replace", prio=1, handle=1,
                                            skip_sw=(j == 1), skip_hw=(j == 2),
                                            fail=False)
            fail(bool(ret) != bool(j),
                 "Software TC incorrect load in replace test, iteration %d" %
                 (j))
        sim.cls_filter_op(op="delete", prio=1, handle=1, cls="bpf")

    start_test("Test spurious extack from the driver...")
    test_spurios_extack(sim, obj, False, "netdevsim")
    test_spurios_extack(sim, obj, True, "netdevsim")

    sim.set_ethtool_tc_offloads(False)

    test_spurios_extack(sim, obj, False, "TC offload is disabled")
    test_spurios_extack(sim, obj, True, "TC offload is disabled")

    sim.set_ethtool_tc_offloads(True)

    sim.tc_flush_filters()

    start_test("Test TC offloads work...")
    ret, _, err = sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(obj, verbose=True, skip_sw=True,
                                         fail=False, include_stderr=True)
    fail(ret != 0, "TC filter did not load with TC offloads enabled")
    check_verifier_log(err, "[netdevsim] Hello from netdevsim!")

    start_test("Test TC offload basics...")
    dfs = simdev.dfs_get_bound_progs(expected=1)
    progs = bpftool_prog_list(expected=1)
    ingress = sim.tc_show_ingress(expected=1)

    dprog = dfs[0]
    prog = progs[0]
    fltr = ingress[0]
    fail(fltr["skip_hw"], "TC does reports 'skip_hw' on offloaded filter")
    fail(not fltr["in_hw"], "TC does not report 'in_hw' for offloaded filter")
    fail(not fltr["skip_sw"], "TC does not report 'skip_sw' back")

    start_test("Test TC offload is device-bound...")
    fail(str(prog["id"]) != fltr["id"], "Program IDs don't match")
    fail(prog["tag"] != fltr["tag"], "Program tags don't match")
    fail(fltr["id"] != dprog["id"], "Program IDs don't match")
    fail(dprog["state"] != "xlated", "Offloaded program state not translated")
    fail(dprog["loaded"] != "Y", "Offloaded program is not loaded")

    start_test("Test disabling TC offloads is rejected while filters installed...")
    ret, _ = sim.set_ethtool_tc_offloads(False, fail=False)
    fail(ret == 0, "Driver should refuse to disable TC offloads with filters installed...")

    start_test("Test qdisc removal frees things...")
    sim.tc_flush_filters()
    sim.tc_show_ingress(expected=0)

    start_test("Test disabling TC offloads is OK without filters...")
    ret, _ = sim.set_ethtool_tc_offloads(False, fail=False)
    fail(ret != 0,
         "Driver refused to disable TC offloads without filters installed...")

    sim.set_ethtool_tc_offloads(True)

    start_test("Test destroying device gets rid of TC filters...")
    sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(obj, skip_sw=True)
    simdev.remove()
    bpftool_prog_list_wait(expected=0)

    simdev = NetdevSimDev()
    sim, = simdev.nsims
    sim.set_ethtool_tc_offloads(True)

    start_test("Test destroying device gets rid of XDP...")
    sim.set_xdp(obj, "offload")
    simdev.remove()
    bpftool_prog_list_wait(expected=0)

    simdev = NetdevSimDev()
    sim, = simdev.nsims
    sim.set_ethtool_tc_offloads(True)

    start_test("Test XDP prog reporting...")
    sim.set_xdp(obj, "drv")
    ipl = sim.ip_link_show(xdp=True)
    progs = bpftool_prog_list(expected=1)
    fail(ipl["xdp"]["prog"]["id"] != progs[0]["id"],
         "Loaded program has wrong ID")

    start_test("Test XDP prog replace without force...")
    ret, _ = sim.set_xdp(obj, "drv", fail=False)
    fail(ret == 0, "Replaced XDP program without -force")
    sim.wait_for_flush(total=1)

    start_test("Test XDP prog replace with force...")
    ret, _ = sim.set_xdp(obj, "drv", force=True, fail=False)
    fail(ret != 0, "Could not replace XDP program with -force")
    bpftool_prog_list_wait(expected=1)
    ipl = sim.ip_link_show(xdp=True)
    progs = bpftool_prog_list(expected=1)
    fail(ipl["xdp"]["prog"]["id"] != progs[0]["id"],
         "Loaded program has wrong ID")
    fail("dev" in progs[0].keys(),
         "Device parameters reported for non-offloaded program")

    start_test("Test XDP prog replace with bad flags...")
    ret, _, err = sim.set_xdp(obj, "generic", force=True,
                              fail=False, include_stderr=True)
    fail(ret == 0, "Replaced XDP program with a program in different mode")
    check_extack(err,
                 "native and generic XDP can't be active at the same time.",
                 args)
    ret, _, err = sim.set_xdp(obj, "", force=True,
                              fail=False, include_stderr=True)
    fail(ret == 0, "Replaced XDP program with a program in different mode")
    check_extack(err, "program loaded with different flags.", args)

    start_test("Test XDP prog remove with bad flags...")
    ret, _, err = sim.unset_xdp("", force=True,
                                fail=False, include_stderr=True)
    fail(ret == 0, "Removed program with a bad mode")
    check_extack(err, "program loaded with different flags.", args)

    start_test("Test MTU restrictions...")
    ret, _ = sim.set_mtu(9000, fail=False)
    fail(ret == 0,
         "Driver should refuse to increase MTU to 9000 with XDP loaded...")
    sim.unset_xdp("drv")
    bpftool_prog_list_wait(expected=0)
    sim.set_mtu(9000)
    ret, _, err = sim.set_xdp(obj, "drv", fail=False, include_stderr=True)
    fail(ret == 0, "Driver should refuse to load program with MTU of 9000...")
    check_extack_nsim(err, "MTU too large w/ XDP enabled.", args)
    sim.set_mtu(1500)

    sim.wait_for_flush()
    start_test("Test non-offload XDP attaching to HW...")
    bpftool_prog_load("sample_ret0.o", "/sys/fs/bpf/nooffload")
    nooffload = bpf_pinned("/sys/fs/bpf/nooffload")
    ret, _, err = sim.set_xdp(nooffload, "offload",
                              fail=False, include_stderr=True)
    fail(ret == 0, "attached non-offloaded XDP program to HW")
    check_extack_nsim(err, "xdpoffload of non-bound program.", args)
    rm("/sys/fs/bpf/nooffload")

    start_test("Test offload XDP attaching to drv...")
    bpftool_prog_load("sample_ret0.o", "/sys/fs/bpf/offload",
                      dev=sim['ifname'])
    offload = bpf_pinned("/sys/fs/bpf/offload")
    ret, _, err = sim.set_xdp(offload, "drv", fail=False, include_stderr=True)
    fail(ret == 0, "attached offloaded XDP program to drv")
    check_extack(err, "using device-bound program without HW_MODE flag is not supported.", args)
    rm("/sys/fs/bpf/offload")
    sim.wait_for_flush()

    start_test("Test XDP offload...")
    _, _, err = sim.set_xdp(obj, "offload", verbose=True, include_stderr=True)
    ipl = sim.ip_link_show(xdp=True)
    link_xdp = ipl["xdp"]["prog"]
    progs = bpftool_prog_list(expected=1)
    prog = progs[0]
    fail(link_xdp["id"] != prog["id"], "Loaded program has wrong ID")
    check_verifier_log(err, "[netdevsim] Hello from netdevsim!")

    start_test("Test XDP offload is device bound...")
    dfs = simdev.dfs_get_bound_progs(expected=1)
    dprog = dfs[0]

    fail(prog["id"] != link_xdp["id"], "Program IDs don't match")
    fail(prog["tag"] != link_xdp["tag"], "Program tags don't match")
    fail(str(link_xdp["id"]) != dprog["id"], "Program IDs don't match")
    fail(dprog["state"] != "xlated", "Offloaded program state not translated")
    fail(dprog["loaded"] != "Y", "Offloaded program is not loaded")

    start_test("Test removing XDP program many times...")
    sim.unset_xdp("offload")
    sim.unset_xdp("offload")
    sim.unset_xdp("drv")
    sim.unset_xdp("drv")
    sim.unset_xdp("")
    sim.unset_xdp("")
    bpftool_prog_list_wait(expected=0)

    start_test("Test attempt to use a program for a wrong device...")
    simdev2 = NetdevSimDev()
    sim2, = simdev2.nsims
    sim2.set_xdp(obj, "offload")
    pin_file, pinned = pin_prog("/sys/fs/bpf/tmp")

    ret, _, err = sim.set_xdp(pinned, "offload",
                              fail=False, include_stderr=True)
    fail(ret == 0, "Pinned program loaded for a different device accepted")
    check_extack_nsim(err, "program bound to different dev.", args)
    simdev2.remove()
    ret, _, err = sim.set_xdp(pinned, "offload",
                              fail=False, include_stderr=True)
    fail(ret == 0, "Pinned program loaded for a removed device accepted")
    check_extack_nsim(err, "xdpoffload of non-bound program.", args)
    rm(pin_file)
    bpftool_prog_list_wait(expected=0)

    simdev, sim = test_multi_prog(simdev, sim, obj, "", 1)
    simdev, sim = test_multi_prog(simdev, sim, obj, "drv", 1)
    simdev, sim = test_multi_prog(simdev, sim, obj, "generic", 2)

    start_test("Test mixing of TC and XDP...")
    sim.tc_add_ingress()
    sim.set_xdp(obj, "offload")
    ret, _, err = sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(obj, skip_sw=True,
                                         fail=False, include_stderr=True)
    fail(ret == 0, "Loading TC when XDP active should fail")
    check_extack_nsim(err, "driver and netdev offload states mismatch.", args)
    sim.unset_xdp("offload")
    sim.wait_for_flush()

    sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(obj, skip_sw=True)
    ret, _, err = sim.set_xdp(obj, "offload", fail=False, include_stderr=True)
    fail(ret == 0, "Loading XDP when TC active should fail")
    check_extack_nsim(err, "TC program is already loaded.", args)

    start_test("Test binding TC from pinned...")
    pin_file, pinned = pin_prog("/sys/fs/bpf/tmp")
    sim.tc_flush_filters(bound=1, total=1)
    sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(pinned, da=True, skip_sw=True)
    sim.tc_flush_filters(bound=1, total=1)

    start_test("Test binding XDP from pinned...")
    sim.set_xdp(obj, "offload")
    pin_file, pinned = pin_prog("/sys/fs/bpf/tmp2", idx=1)

    sim.set_xdp(pinned, "offload", force=True)
    sim.unset_xdp("offload")
    sim.set_xdp(pinned, "offload", force=True)
    sim.unset_xdp("offload")

    start_test("Test offload of wrong type fails...")
    ret, _ = sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(pinned, da=True, skip_sw=True, fail=False)
    fail(ret == 0, "Managed to attach XDP program to TC")

    start_test("Test asking for TC offload of two filters...")
    sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(obj, da=True, skip_sw=True)
    ret, _, err = sim.cls_bpf_add_filter(obj, da=True, skip_sw=True,
                                         fail=False, include_stderr=True)
    fail(ret == 0, "Managed to offload two TC filters at the same time")
    check_extack_nsim(err, "driver and netdev offload states mismatch.", args)

    sim.tc_flush_filters(bound=2, total=2)

    start_test("Test if netdev removal waits for translation...")
    delay_msec = 500
    sim.dfs["dev/bpf_bind_verifier_delay"] = delay_msec
    start = time.time()
    cmd_line = "tc filter add dev %s ingress bpf %s da skip_sw" % \
               (sim['ifname'], obj)
    tc_proc = cmd(cmd_line, background=True, fail=False)
    # Wait for the verifier to start
    while simdev.dfs_num_bound_progs() <= 2:
        pass
    simdev.remove()
    end = time.time()
    ret, _ = cmd_result(tc_proc, fail=False)
    time_diff = end - start
    log("Time", "start:\t%s\nend:\t%s\ndiff:\t%s" % (start, end, time_diff))

    fail(ret == 0, "Managed to load TC filter on a unregistering device")
    delay_sec = delay_msec * 0.001
    fail(time_diff < delay_sec, "Removal process took %s, expected %s" %
         (time_diff, delay_sec))

    # Remove all pinned files and reinstantiate the netdev
    clean_up()
    bpftool_prog_list_wait(expected=0)

    simdev = NetdevSimDev()
    sim, = simdev.nsims
    map_obj = bpf_obj("sample_map_ret0.o")
    start_test("Test loading program with maps...")
    sim.set_xdp(map_obj, "offload", JSON=False) # map fixup msg breaks JSON

    start_test("Test bpftool bound info reporting (own ns)...")
    check_dev_info(False, "")

    start_test("Test bpftool bound info reporting (other ns)...")
    ns = mknetns()
    sim.set_ns(ns)
    check_dev_info(True, "")

    start_test("Test bpftool bound info reporting (remote ns)...")
    check_dev_info(False, ns)

    start_test("Test bpftool bound info reporting (back to own ns)...")
    sim.set_ns("")
    check_dev_info(False, "")

    prog_file, _ = pin_prog("/sys/fs/bpf/tmp_prog")
    map_file, _ = pin_map("/sys/fs/bpf/tmp_map", idx=1, expected=2)
    simdev.remove()

    start_test("Test bpftool bound info reporting (removed dev)...")
    check_dev_info_removed(prog_file=prog_file, map_file=map_file)

    # Remove all pinned files and reinstantiate the netdev
    clean_up()
    bpftool_prog_list_wait(expected=0)

    simdev = NetdevSimDev()
    sim, = simdev.nsims

    start_test("Test map update (no flags)...")
    sim.set_xdp(map_obj, "offload", JSON=False) # map fixup msg breaks JSON
    maps = bpftool_map_list(expected=2)
    array = maps[0] if maps[0]["type"] == "array" else maps[1]
    htab = maps[0] if maps[0]["type"] == "hash" else maps[1]
    for m in maps:
        for i in range(2):
            bpftool("map update id %d key %s value %s" %
                    (m["id"], int2str("I", i), int2str("Q", i * 3)))

    for m in maps:
        ret, _ = bpftool("map update id %d key %s value %s" %
                         (m["id"], int2str("I", 3), int2str("Q", 3 * 3)),
                         fail=False)
        fail(ret == 0, "added too many entries")

    start_test("Test map update (exists)...")
    for m in maps:
        for i in range(2):
            bpftool("map update id %d key %s value %s exist" %
                    (m["id"], int2str("I", i), int2str("Q", i * 3)))

    for m in maps:
        ret, err = bpftool("map update id %d key %s value %s exist" %
                           (m["id"], int2str("I", 3), int2str("Q", 3 * 3)),
                           fail=False)
        fail(ret == 0, "updated non-existing key")
        fail(err["error"].find("No such file or directory") == -1,
             "expected ENOENT, error is '%s'" % (err["error"]))

    start_test("Test map update (noexist)...")
    for m in maps:
        for i in range(2):
            ret, err = bpftool("map update id %d key %s value %s noexist" %
                               (m["id"], int2str("I", i), int2str("Q", i * 3)),
                               fail=False)
        fail(ret == 0, "updated existing key")
        fail(err["error"].find("File exists") == -1,
             "expected EEXIST, error is '%s'" % (err["error"]))

    start_test("Test map dump...")
    for m in maps:
        _, entries = bpftool("map dump id %d" % (m["id"]))
        for i in range(2):
            key = str2int(entries[i]["key"])
            fail(key != i, "expected key %d, got %d" % (key, i))
            val = str2int(entries[i]["value"])
            fail(val != i * 3, "expected value %d, got %d" % (val, i * 3))

    start_test("Test map getnext...")
    for m in maps:
        _, entry = bpftool("map getnext id %d" % (m["id"]))
        key = str2int(entry["next_key"])
        fail(key != 0, "next key %d, expected %d" % (key, 0))
        _, entry = bpftool("map getnext id %d key %s" %
                           (m["id"], int2str("I", 0)))
        key = str2int(entry["next_key"])
        fail(key != 1, "next key %d, expected %d" % (key, 1))
        ret, err = bpftool("map getnext id %d key %s" %
                           (m["id"], int2str("I", 1)), fail=False)
        fail(ret == 0, "got next key past the end of map")
        fail(err["error"].find("No such file or directory") == -1,
             "expected ENOENT, error is '%s'" % (err["error"]))

    start_test("Test map delete (htab)...")
    for i in range(2):
        bpftool("map delete id %d key %s" % (htab["id"], int2str("I", i)))

    start_test("Test map delete (array)...")
    for i in range(2):
        ret, err = bpftool("map delete id %d key %s" %
                           (htab["id"], int2str("I", i)), fail=False)
        fail(ret == 0, "removed entry from an array")
        fail(err["error"].find("No such file or directory") == -1,
             "expected ENOENT, error is '%s'" % (err["error"]))

    start_test("Test map remove...")
    sim.unset_xdp("offload")
    bpftool_map_list_wait(expected=0)
    simdev.remove()

    simdev = NetdevSimDev()
    sim, = simdev.nsims
    sim.set_xdp(map_obj, "offload", JSON=False) # map fixup msg breaks JSON
    simdev.remove()
    bpftool_map_list_wait(expected=0)

    start_test("Test map creation fail path...")
    simdev = NetdevSimDev()
    sim, = simdev.nsims
    sim.dfs["bpf_map_accept"] = "N"
    ret, _ = sim.set_xdp(map_obj, "offload", JSON=False, fail=False)
    fail(ret == 0,
         "netdevsim didn't refuse to create a map with offload disabled")

    simdev.remove()

    start_test("Test multi-dev ASIC program reuse...")
    simdevA = NetdevSimDev()
    simA, = simdevA.nsims
    simdevB = NetdevSimDev(3)
    simB1, simB2, simB3 = simdevB.nsims
    sims = (simA, simB1, simB2, simB3)
    simB = (simB1, simB2, simB3)

    bpftool_prog_load("sample_map_ret0.o", "/sys/fs/bpf/nsimA",
                      dev=simA['ifname'])
    progA = bpf_pinned("/sys/fs/bpf/nsimA")
    bpftool_prog_load("sample_map_ret0.o", "/sys/fs/bpf/nsimB",
                      dev=simB1['ifname'])
    progB = bpf_pinned("/sys/fs/bpf/nsimB")

    simA.set_xdp(progA, "offload", JSON=False)
    for d in simdevB.nsims:
        d.set_xdp(progB, "offload", JSON=False)

    start_test("Test multi-dev ASIC cross-dev replace...")
    ret, _ = simA.set_xdp(progB, "offload", force=True, JSON=False, fail=False)
    fail(ret == 0, "cross-ASIC program allowed")
    for d in simdevB.nsims:
        ret, _ = d.set_xdp(progA, "offload", force=True, JSON=False, fail=False)
        fail(ret == 0, "cross-ASIC program allowed")

    start_test("Test multi-dev ASIC cross-dev install...")
    for d in sims:
        d.unset_xdp("offload")

    ret, _, err = simA.set_xdp(progB, "offload", force=True, JSON=False,
                               fail=False, include_stderr=True)
    fail(ret == 0, "cross-ASIC program allowed")
    check_extack_nsim(err, "program bound to different dev.", args)
    for d in simdevB.nsims:
        ret, _, err = d.set_xdp(progA, "offload", force=True, JSON=False,
                                fail=False, include_stderr=True)
        fail(ret == 0, "cross-ASIC program allowed")
        check_extack_nsim(err, "program bound to different dev.", args)

    start_test("Test multi-dev ASIC cross-dev map reuse...")

    mapA = bpftool("prog show %s" % (progA))[1]["map_ids"][0]
    mapB = bpftool("prog show %s" % (progB))[1]["map_ids"][0]

    ret, _ = bpftool_prog_load("sample_map_ret0.o", "/sys/fs/bpf/nsimB_",
                               dev=simB3['ifname'],
                               maps=["idx 0 id %d" % (mapB)],
                               fail=False)
    fail(ret != 0, "couldn't reuse a map on the same ASIC")
    rm("/sys/fs/bpf/nsimB_")

    ret, _, err = bpftool_prog_load("sample_map_ret0.o", "/sys/fs/bpf/nsimA_",
                                    dev=simA['ifname'],
                                    maps=["idx 0 id %d" % (mapB)],
                                    fail=False, include_stderr=True)
    fail(ret == 0, "could reuse a map on a different ASIC")
    fail(err.count("offload device mismatch between prog and map") == 0,
         "error message missing for cross-ASIC map")

    ret, _, err = bpftool_prog_load("sample_map_ret0.o", "/sys/fs/bpf/nsimB_",
                                    dev=simB1['ifname'],
                                    maps=["idx 0 id %d" % (mapA)],
                                    fail=False, include_stderr=True)
    fail(ret == 0, "could reuse a map on a different ASIC")
    fail(err.count("offload device mismatch between prog and map") == 0,
         "error message missing for cross-ASIC map")

    start_test("Test multi-dev ASIC cross-dev destruction...")
    bpftool_prog_list_wait(expected=2)

    simdevA.remove()
    bpftool_prog_list_wait(expected=1)

    ifnameB = bpftool("prog show %s" % (progB))[1]["dev"]["ifname"]
    fail(ifnameB != simB1['ifname'], "program not bound to original device")
    simB1.remove()
    bpftool_prog_list_wait(expected=1)

    start_test("Test multi-dev ASIC cross-dev destruction - move...")
    ifnameB = bpftool("prog show %s" % (progB))[1]["dev"]["ifname"]
    fail(ifnameB not in (simB2['ifname'], simB3['ifname']),
         "program not bound to remaining devices")

    simB2.remove()
    ifnameB = bpftool("prog show %s" % (progB))[1]["dev"]["ifname"]
    fail(ifnameB != simB3['ifname'], "program not bound to remaining device")

    simB3.remove()
    simdevB.remove()
    bpftool_prog_list_wait(expected=0)

    start_test("Test multi-dev ASIC cross-dev destruction - orphaned...")
    ret, out = bpftool("prog show %s" % (progB), fail=False)
    fail(ret == 0, "got information about orphaned program")
    fail("error" not in out, "no error reported for get info on orphaned")
    fail(out["error"] != "can't get prog info: No such device",
         "wrong error for get info on orphaned")

    print("%s: OK" % (os.path.basename(__file__)))

finally:
    log("Clean up...", "", level=1)
    log_level_inc()
    clean_up()