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authorEric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>2016-10-24 17:25:19 -0500
committerEric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>2017-05-23 08:41:17 -0500
commit296990deb389c7da21c78030376ba244dc1badf5 (patch)
tree1e3b8eac526bf7adda02804f6828b64a6d6fbb04
parentmnt: In propgate_umount handle visiting mounts in any order (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-296990deb389c7da21c78030376ba244dc1badf5.tar.xz
linux-dev-296990deb389c7da21c78030376ba244dc1badf5.zip
mnt: Make propagate_umount less slow for overlapping mount propagation trees
Andrei Vagin pointed out that time to executue propagate_umount can go non-linear (and take a ludicrious amount of time) when the mount propogation trees of the mounts to be unmunted by a lazy unmount overlap. Make the walk of the mount propagation trees nearly linear by remembering which mounts have already been visited, allowing subsequent walks to detect when walking a mount propgation tree or a subtree of a mount propgation tree would be duplicate work and to skip them entirely. Walk the list of mounts whose propgatation trees need to be traversed from the mount highest in the mount tree to mounts lower in the mount tree so that odds are higher that the code will walk the largest trees first, allowing later tree walks to be skipped entirely. Add cleanup_umount_visitation to remover the code's memory of which mounts have been visited. Add the functions last_slave and skip_propagation_subtree to allow skipping appropriate parts of the mount propagation tree without needing to change the logic of the rest of the code. A script to generate overlapping mount propagation trees: $ cat runs.h set -e mount -t tmpfs zdtm /mnt mkdir -p /mnt/1 /mnt/2 mount -t tmpfs zdtm /mnt/1 mount --make-shared /mnt/1 mkdir /mnt/1/1 iteration=10 if [ -n "$1" ] ; then iteration=$1 fi for i in $(seq $iteration); do mount --bind /mnt/1/1 /mnt/1/1 done mount --rbind /mnt/1 /mnt/2 TIMEFORMAT='%Rs' nr=$(( ( 2 ** ( $iteration + 1 ) ) + 1 )) echo -n "umount -l /mnt/1 -> $nr " time umount -l /mnt/1 nr=$(cat /proc/self/mountinfo | grep zdtm | wc -l ) time umount -l /mnt/2 $ for i in $(seq 9 19); do echo $i; unshare -Urm bash ./run.sh $i; done Here are the performance numbers with and without the patch: mhash | 8192 | 8192 | 1048576 | 1048576 mounts | before | after | before | after ------------------------------------------------ 1025 | 0.040s | 0.016s | 0.038s | 0.019s 2049 | 0.094s | 0.017s | 0.080s | 0.018s 4097 | 0.243s | 0.019s | 0.206s | 0.023s 8193 | 1.202s | 0.028s | 1.562s | 0.032s 16385 | 9.635s | 0.036s | 9.952s | 0.041s 32769 | 60.928s | 0.063s | 44.321s | 0.064s 65537 | | 0.097s | | 0.097s 131073 | | 0.233s | | 0.176s 262145 | | 0.653s | | 0.344s 524289 | | 2.305s | | 0.735s 1048577 | | 7.107s | | 2.603s Andrei Vagin reports fixing the performance problem is part of the work to fix CVE-2016-6213. Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Fixes: a05964f3917c ("[PATCH] shared mounts handling: umount") Reported-by: Andrei Vagin <avagin@openvz.org> Reviewed-by: Andrei Vagin <avagin@virtuozzo.com> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
-rw-r--r--fs/pnode.c63
1 files changed, 62 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/fs/pnode.c b/fs/pnode.c
index fbaca7df2eb0..53d411a371ce 100644
--- a/fs/pnode.c
+++ b/fs/pnode.c
@@ -24,6 +24,11 @@ static inline struct mount *first_slave(struct mount *p)
return list_entry(p->mnt_slave_list.next, struct mount, mnt_slave);
}
+static inline struct mount *last_slave(struct mount *p)
+{
+ return list_entry(p->mnt_slave_list.prev, struct mount, mnt_slave);
+}
+
static inline struct mount *next_slave(struct mount *p)
{
return list_entry(p->mnt_slave.next, struct mount, mnt_slave);
@@ -162,6 +167,19 @@ static struct mount *propagation_next(struct mount *m,
}
}
+static struct mount *skip_propagation_subtree(struct mount *m,
+ struct mount *origin)
+{
+ /*
+ * Advance m such that propagation_next will not return
+ * the slaves of m.
+ */
+ if (!IS_MNT_NEW(m) && !list_empty(&m->mnt_slave_list))
+ m = last_slave(m);
+
+ return m;
+}
+
static struct mount *next_group(struct mount *m, struct mount *origin)
{
while (1) {
@@ -505,6 +523,15 @@ static void restore_mounts(struct list_head *to_restore)
}
}
+static void cleanup_umount_visitations(struct list_head *visited)
+{
+ while (!list_empty(visited)) {
+ struct mount *mnt =
+ list_first_entry(visited, struct mount, mnt_umounting);
+ list_del_init(&mnt->mnt_umounting);
+ }
+}
+
/*
* collect all mounts that receive propagation from the mount in @list,
* and return these additional mounts in the same list.
@@ -517,11 +544,23 @@ int propagate_umount(struct list_head *list)
struct mount *mnt;
LIST_HEAD(to_restore);
LIST_HEAD(to_umount);
+ LIST_HEAD(visited);
- list_for_each_entry(mnt, list, mnt_list) {
+ /* Find candidates for unmounting */
+ list_for_each_entry_reverse(mnt, list, mnt_list) {
struct mount *parent = mnt->mnt_parent;
struct mount *m;
+ /*
+ * If this mount has already been visited it is known that it's
+ * entire peer group and all of their slaves in the propagation
+ * tree for the mountpoint has already been visited and there is
+ * no need to visit them again.
+ */
+ if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_umounting))
+ continue;
+
+ list_add_tail(&mnt->mnt_umounting, &visited);
for (m = propagation_next(parent, parent); m;
m = propagation_next(m, parent)) {
struct mount *child = __lookup_mnt(&m->mnt,
@@ -529,6 +568,27 @@ int propagate_umount(struct list_head *list)
if (!child)
continue;
+ if (!list_empty(&child->mnt_umounting)) {
+ /*
+ * If the child has already been visited it is
+ * know that it's entire peer group and all of
+ * their slaves in the propgation tree for the
+ * mountpoint has already been visited and there
+ * is no need to visit this subtree again.
+ */
+ m = skip_propagation_subtree(m, parent);
+ continue;
+ } else if (child->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_UMOUNT) {
+ /*
+ * We have come accross an partially unmounted
+ * mount in list that has not been visited yet.
+ * Remember it has been visited and continue
+ * about our merry way.
+ */
+ list_add_tail(&child->mnt_umounting, &visited);
+ continue;
+ }
+
/* Check the child and parents while progress is made */
while (__propagate_umount(child,
&to_umount, &to_restore)) {
@@ -542,6 +602,7 @@ int propagate_umount(struct list_head *list)
umount_list(&to_umount, &to_restore);
restore_mounts(&to_restore);
+ cleanup_umount_visitations(&visited);
list_splice_tail(&to_umount, list);
return 0;