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authorJason A. Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com>2017-11-23 12:12:03 +0100
committerJason A. Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com>2017-11-23 12:49:14 +0100
commit621b00129a4074611d60c2620c9456d09ee6ba27 (patch)
treefd08707c24f2760046e36b0505f98ac86b7efa20
parentclean up x86 platform driver default values (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-jd/rmk-toolcheck.tar.xz
linux-dev-jd/rmk-toolcheck.zip
arm: detect buggy binutils when in thumb2 modejd/rmk-toolcheck
On older versions of binutils, \sym points to an aligned address. On newer versions of binutils, \sym sometimes points to the unaligned thumb address in certain circumstances. In order to homogenize this behavior, rather than adding 1, we could simply OR in 1, so that already unaligned instructions don't change. While that works, the downside is that we have to add an `orr` instruction to a fast path. The assembler can't do this at assemble time via "|1" because "invalid operands (.text and *ABS* sections) for `|'". A better solution would be to have consistent binutils behavior, but that ship has sailed. So, this commit adds a detection mechanism, which began as a small thing from Russell King that I then rewrote to use pure bash instead of shelling out, so that it doesn't slow down the build process. The detection mechanism _could_ be used to modify the assembly we generate, but for now it's just being used to catch buggy binutils and abort the build process in that case. The rest of this commit message contains all of the relevant information about the boot bug when compiled in thumb2 mode. My tests concerned these versions: broken: GNU ld (Gentoo 2.29.1 p3) 2.29.1 working: GNU ld (GNU Binutils for Ubuntu) 2.26.1 These produced the following code: --- broken 2017-11-21 17:44:14.523416082 +0100 +++ working 2017-11-21 17:44:44.548461234 +0100 @@ -133,7 +133,7 @@ 160: f01a 0ff0 tst.w sl, #240 ; 0xf0 164: d111 bne.n 18a <__sys_trace> 166: f5b7 7fc8 cmp.w r7, #400 ; 0x190 - 16a: f2af 1e6a subw lr, pc, #362 ; 0x16a + 16a: f2af 1e6b subw lr, pc, #363 ; 0x16b 16e: bf38 it cc 170: f858 f027 ldrcc.w pc, [r8, r7, lsl #2] 174: a902 add r1, sp, #8 The differing instruction corresponds with this actual line in arch/arm/kernel/entry-common.S: badr lr, ret_fast_syscall @ return address Running the broken kernel results in a runtime OOPS with: PC is at ret_fast_syscall+0x4/0x52 LR is at ret_fast_syscall+0x2/0x52 The disassembly of that function for the crashing kernel is: .text:00000000 ret_fast_syscall ; CODE XREF: sys_syscall+1C↓j .text:00000000 CPSID I ; jumptable 00000840 cases 15,18-376 .text:00000002 .text:00000002 loc_2 ; DATA XREF: sys_syscall-6BA↓o .text:00000002 LDR.W R2, [R9,#8] .text:00000006 CMP.W R2, #0xBF000000 Signed-off-by: Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk> Cc: nickc@redhat.com Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/Makefile7
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/tools/Makefile5
-rwxr-xr-xarch/arm/tools/toolcheck44
3 files changed, 53 insertions, 3 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm/Makefile b/arch/arm/Makefile
index 80351e505fd5..bd4e248a7f8f 100644
--- a/arch/arm/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm/Makefile
@@ -319,16 +319,19 @@ all: $(notdir $(KBUILD_IMAGE)) $(KBUILD_DTBS)
archheaders:
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=arch/arm/tools uapi
-archprepare:
+archprepare: toolcheck
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=arch/arm/tools kapi
+toolcheck:
+ $(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=arch/arm/tools $@
+
# Convert bzImage to zImage
bzImage: zImage
BOOT_TARGETS = zImage Image xipImage bootpImage uImage
INSTALL_TARGETS = zinstall uinstall install
-PHONY += bzImage $(BOOT_TARGETS) $(INSTALL_TARGETS)
+PHONY += bzImage $(BOOT_TARGETS) $(INSTALL_TARGETS) toolcheck
bootpImage uImage: zImage
zImage: Image
diff --git a/arch/arm/tools/Makefile b/arch/arm/tools/Makefile
index ddb89a7db36f..0a283756f1c5 100644
--- a/arch/arm/tools/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm/tools/Makefile
@@ -23,12 +23,15 @@ uapi-hdrs-y += $(uapi)/unistd-eabi.h
targets += $(addprefix ../../../,$(gen-y) $(kapi-hdrs-y) $(uapi-hdrs-y))
-PHONY += kapi uapi
+PHONY += kapi uapi toolcheck
kapi: $(kapi-hdrs-y) $(gen-y)
uapi: $(uapi-hdrs-y)
+toolcheck:
+ @'$(srctree)/$(src)/toolcheck'
+
# Create output directory if not already present
_dummy := $(shell [ -d '$(kapi)' ] || mkdir -p '$(kapi)') \
$(shell [ -d '$(uapi)' ] || mkdir -p '$(uapi)')
diff --git a/arch/arm/tools/toolcheck b/arch/arm/tools/toolcheck
new file mode 100755
index 000000000000..04fc44b750d2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm/tools/toolcheck
@@ -0,0 +1,44 @@
+#!/bin/bash
+#
+# Copyright 2017 Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com>. All Rights Reserved.
+#
+
+set -e
+
+cleanup() {
+ [[ ! -d $temp ]] || rm -rf "$temp"
+ exit
+}
+trap cleanup INT TERM EXIT
+temp="$(mktemp -d)"
+
+check_thumb2_address() {
+ local disassembly
+
+ $CC $KBUILD_AFLAGS -o "$temp/a.out" -c -xassembler - <<-_EOF
+ .syntax unified
+ .thumb
+ .macro badr, reg, sym
+ adr \reg, \sym + 1
+ .endm
+
+ .type test, %function
+ .thumb_func
+ test:
+ mov r0, #0
+ badr lr, test
+ _EOF
+ disassembly="$($OBJDUMP -d "$temp/a.out")"
+
+ [[ $disassembly =~ 4:[[:space:]]*f2af\ 0e07 ]] && return 0
+
+ echo "Error: your assembler version produces buggy kernels:" >&2
+ read < <($AS --version) && echo "$REPLY" >&2
+ [[ $disassembly =~ 4:[[:space:]].*$ ]] && echo "${BASH_REMATCH[0]}" >&2 || echo "$disassembly" >&2
+ return 1
+}
+
+config="$(< .config)"
+[[ $config == *CONFIG_THUMB2_KERNEL=y* ]] && check_thumb2_address
+
+exit 0