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authorDavid Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com>2019-03-20 09:18:59 -0700
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2019-03-21 13:29:53 -0700
commit9ab948a91b2c2abc8e82845c0e61f4b1683e3a4f (patch)
treed096d05c00760a38c1d91b6f5be5bd91fc28a445
parenttun: Remove unused first parameter of tun_get_iff() (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-9ab948a91b2c2abc8e82845c0e61f4b1683e3a4f.tar.xz
linux-dev-9ab948a91b2c2abc8e82845c0e61f4b1683e3a4f.zip
ipv4: Allow amount of dirty memory from fib resizing to be controllable
fib_trie implementation calls synchronize_rcu when a certain amount of pages are dirty from freed entries. The number of pages was determined experimentally in 2009 (commit c3059477fce2d). At the current setting, synchronize_rcu is called often -- 51 times in a second in one test with an average of an 8 msec delay adding a fib entry. The total impact is a lot of slow down modifying the fib. This is seen in the output of 'time' - the difference between real time and sys+user. For example, using 720,022 single path routes and 'ip -batch'[1]: $ time ./ip -batch ipv4/routes-1-hops real 0m14.214s user 0m2.513s sys 0m6.783s So roughly 35% of the actual time to install the routes is from the ip command getting scheduled out, most notably due to synchronize_rcu (this is observed using 'perf sched timehist'). This patch makes the amount of dirty memory configurable between 64k where the synchronize_rcu is called often (small, low end systems that are memory sensitive) to 64M where synchronize_rcu is called rarely during a large FIB change (for high end systems with lots of memory). The default is 512kB which corresponds to the current setting of 128 pages with a 4kB page size. As an example, at 16MB the worst interval shows 4 calls to synchronize_rcu in a second blocking for up to 30 msec in a single instance, and a total of almost 100 msec across the 4 calls in the second. The trade off is allowing FIB entries to consume more memory in a given time window but but with much better fib insertion rates (~30% increase in prefixes/sec). With this patch and net.ipv4.fib_sync_mem set to 16MB, the same batch file runs in: $ time ./ip -batch ipv4/routes-1-hops real 0m9.692s user 0m2.491s sys 0m6.769s So the dead time is reduced to about 1/2 second or <5% of the real time. [1] 'ip' modified to not request ACK messages which improves route insertion times by about 20% Signed-off-by: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
-rw-r--r--Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt5
-rw-r--r--include/net/ip.h4
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/fib_trie.c14
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c9
4 files changed, 26 insertions, 6 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt b/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt
index bd029fc55ccb..5eedc6941ce5 100644
--- a/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt
+++ b/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt
@@ -81,6 +81,11 @@ fib_multipath_hash_policy - INTEGER
0 - Layer 3
1 - Layer 4
+fib_sync_mem - UNSIGNED INTEGER
+ Amount of dirty memory from fib entries that can be backlogged before
+ synchronize_rcu is forced.
+ Default: 512kB Minimum: 64kB Maximum: 64MB
+
ip_forward_update_priority - INTEGER
Whether to update SKB priority from "TOS" field in IPv4 header after it
is forwarded. The new SKB priority is mapped from TOS field value
diff --git a/include/net/ip.h b/include/net/ip.h
index be3cad9c2e4c..aa09ae5f01a5 100644
--- a/include/net/ip.h
+++ b/include/net/ip.h
@@ -38,6 +38,10 @@
#define IPV4_MAX_PMTU 65535U /* RFC 2675, Section 5.1 */
#define IPV4_MIN_MTU 68 /* RFC 791 */
+extern unsigned int sysctl_fib_sync_mem;
+extern unsigned int sysctl_fib_sync_mem_min;
+extern unsigned int sysctl_fib_sync_mem_max;
+
struct sock;
struct inet_skb_parm {
diff --git a/net/ipv4/fib_trie.c b/net/ipv4/fib_trie.c
index a573e37e0615..1704f432de1f 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/fib_trie.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/fib_trie.c
@@ -183,14 +183,16 @@ struct trie {
};
static struct key_vector *resize(struct trie *t, struct key_vector *tn);
-static size_t tnode_free_size;
+static unsigned int tnode_free_size;
/*
- * synchronize_rcu after call_rcu for that many pages; it should be especially
- * useful before resizing the root node with PREEMPT_NONE configs; the value was
- * obtained experimentally, aiming to avoid visible slowdown.
+ * synchronize_rcu after call_rcu for outstanding dirty memory; it should be
+ * especially useful before resizing the root node with PREEMPT_NONE configs;
+ * the value was obtained experimentally, aiming to avoid visible slowdown.
*/
-static const int sync_pages = 128;
+unsigned int sysctl_fib_sync_mem = 512 * 1024;
+unsigned int sysctl_fib_sync_mem_min = 64 * 1024;
+unsigned int sysctl_fib_sync_mem_max = 64 * 1024 * 1024;
static struct kmem_cache *fn_alias_kmem __ro_after_init;
static struct kmem_cache *trie_leaf_kmem __ro_after_init;
@@ -504,7 +506,7 @@ static void tnode_free(struct key_vector *tn)
tn = container_of(head, struct tnode, rcu)->kv;
}
- if (tnode_free_size >= PAGE_SIZE * sync_pages) {
+ if (tnode_free_size >= sysctl_fib_sync_mem) {
tnode_free_size = 0;
synchronize_rcu();
}
diff --git a/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c b/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c
index ba0fc4b18465..2316c08e9591 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c
@@ -549,6 +549,15 @@ static struct ctl_table ipv4_table[] = {
.mode = 0644,
.proc_handler = proc_doulongvec_minmax,
},
+ {
+ .procname = "fib_sync_mem",
+ .data = &sysctl_fib_sync_mem,
+ .maxlen = sizeof(sysctl_fib_sync_mem),
+ .mode = 0644,
+ .proc_handler = proc_douintvec_minmax,
+ .extra1 = &sysctl_fib_sync_mem_min,
+ .extra2 = &sysctl_fib_sync_mem_max,
+ },
{ }
};