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authorRussell King <rmk+kernel@armlinux.org.uk>2019-02-22 11:31:46 +0000
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2019-02-24 12:39:45 -0800
commit0a6c33e894a50e5483ca1f53d053985feabebbf3 (patch)
tree5b8b973159f81e129fd088137907569d8c3dddf7 /Documentation
parentnet: phylink: update mac_config() documentation (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-0a6c33e894a50e5483ca1f53d053985feabebbf3.tar.xz
linux-dev-0a6c33e894a50e5483ca1f53d053985feabebbf3.zip
doc: add phylink documentation to the networking book
Add some phylink documentation to the networking book detailing how to convert network drivers from phylib to phylink. Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@armlinux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/networking/index.rst1
-rw-r--r--Documentation/networking/sfp-phylink.rst268
2 files changed, 269 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/networking/index.rst b/Documentation/networking/index.rst
index 9a32451cd201..b08cf145d5eb 100644
--- a/Documentation/networking/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/networking/index.rst
@@ -31,6 +31,7 @@ Contents:
failover
net_failover
phy
+ sfp-phylink
alias
bridge
snmp_counter
diff --git a/Documentation/networking/sfp-phylink.rst b/Documentation/networking/sfp-phylink.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..5bd26cb07244
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/networking/sfp-phylink.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,268 @@
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+=======
+phylink
+=======
+
+Overview
+========
+
+phylink is a mechanism to support hot-pluggable networking modules
+without needing to re-initialise the adapter on hot-plug events.
+
+phylink supports conventional phylib-based setups, fixed link setups
+and SFP (Small Formfactor Pluggable) modules at present.
+
+Modes of operation
+==================
+
+phylink has several modes of operation, which depend on the firmware
+settings.
+
+1. PHY mode
+
+ In PHY mode, we use phylib to read the current link settings from
+ the PHY, and pass them to the MAC driver. We expect the MAC driver
+ to configure exactly the modes that are specified without any
+ negotiation being enabled on the link.
+
+2. Fixed mode
+
+ Fixed mode is the same as PHY mode as far as the MAC driver is
+ concerned.
+
+3. In-band mode
+
+ In-band mode is used with 802.3z, SGMII and similar interface modes,
+ and we are expecting to use and honor the in-band negotiation or
+ control word sent across the serdes channel.
+
+By example, what this means is that:
+
+.. code-block:: none
+
+ &eth {
+ phy = <&phy>;
+ phy-mode = "sgmii";
+ };
+
+does not use in-band SGMII signalling. The PHY is expected to follow
+exactly the settings given to it in its :c:func:`mac_config` function.
+The link should be forced up or down appropriately in the
+:c:func:`mac_link_up` and :c:func:`mac_link_down` functions.
+
+.. code-block:: none
+
+ &eth {
+ managed = "in-band-status";
+ phy = <&phy>;
+ phy-mode = "sgmii";
+ };
+
+uses in-band mode, where results from the PHY's negotiation are passed
+to the MAC through the SGMII control word, and the MAC is expected to
+acknowledge the control word. The :c:func:`mac_link_up` and
+:c:func:`mac_link_down` functions must not force the MAC side link
+up and down.
+
+Rough guide to converting a network driver to sfp/phylink
+=========================================================
+
+This guide briefly describes how to convert a network driver from
+phylib to the sfp/phylink support. Please send patches to improve
+this documentation.
+
+1. Optionally split the network driver's phylib update function into
+ three parts dealing with link-down, link-up and reconfiguring the
+ MAC settings. This can be done as a separate preparation commit.
+
+ An example of this preparation can be found in git commit fc548b991fb0.
+
+2. Replace::
+
+ select FIXED_PHY
+ select PHYLIB
+
+ with::
+
+ select PHYLINK
+
+ in the driver's Kconfig stanza.
+
+3. Add::
+
+ #include <linux/phylink.h>
+
+ to the driver's list of header files.
+
+4. Add::
+
+ struct phylink *phylink;
+
+ to the driver's private data structure. We shall refer to the
+ driver's private data pointer as ``priv`` below, and the driver's
+ private data structure as ``struct foo_priv``.
+
+5. Replace the following functions:
+
+ .. flat-table::
+ :header-rows: 1
+ :widths: 1 1
+ :stub-columns: 0
+
+ * - Original function
+ - Replacement function
+ * - phy_start(phydev)
+ - phylink_start(priv->phylink)
+ * - phy_stop(phydev)
+ - phylink_stop(priv->phylink)
+ * - phy_mii_ioctl(phydev, ifr, cmd)
+ - phylink_mii_ioctl(priv->phylink, ifr, cmd)
+ * - phy_ethtool_get_wol(phydev, wol)
+ - phylink_ethtool_get_wol(priv->phylink, wol)
+ * - phy_ethtool_set_wol(phydev, wol)
+ - phylink_ethtool_set_wol(priv->phylink, wol)
+ * - phy_disconnect(phydev)
+ - phylink_disconnect_phy(priv->phylink)
+
+ Please note that some of these functions must be called under the
+ rtnl lock, and will warn if not. This will normally be the case,
+ except if these are called from the driver suspend/resume paths.
+
+6. Add/replace ksettings get/set methods with:
+
+ .. code-block:: c
+
+ static int foo_ethtool_set_link_ksettings(struct net_device *dev,
+ const struct ethtool_link_ksettings *cmd)
+ {
+ struct foo_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);
+
+ return phylink_ethtool_ksettings_set(priv->phylink, cmd);
+ }
+
+ static int foo_ethtool_get_link_ksettings(struct net_device *dev,
+ struct ethtool_link_ksettings *cmd)
+ {
+ struct foo_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);
+
+ return phylink_ethtool_ksettings_get(priv->phylink, cmd);
+ }
+
+7. Replace the call to:
+
+ phy_dev = of_phy_connect(dev, node, link_func, flags, phy_interface);
+
+ and associated code with a call to:
+
+ err = phylink_of_phy_connect(priv->phylink, node, flags);
+
+ For the most part, ``flags`` can be zero; these flags are passed to
+ the of_phy_attach() inside this function call if a PHY is specified
+ in the DT node ``node``.
+
+ ``node`` should be the DT node which contains the network phy property,
+ fixed link properties, and will also contain the sfp property.
+
+ The setup of fixed links should also be removed; these are handled
+ internally by phylink.
+
+ of_phy_connect() was also passed a function pointer for link updates.
+ This function is replaced by a different form of MAC updates
+ described below in (8).
+
+ Manipulation of the PHY's supported/advertised happens within phylink
+ based on the validate callback, see below in (8).
+
+ Note that the driver no longer needs to store the ``phy_interface``,
+ and also note that ``phy_interface`` becomes a dynamic property,
+ just like the speed, duplex etc. settings.
+
+ Finally, note that the MAC driver has no direct access to the PHY
+ anymore; that is because in the phylink model, the PHY can be
+ dynamic.
+
+8. Add a :c:type:`struct phylink_mac_ops <phylink_mac_ops>` instance to
+ the driver, which is a table of function pointers, and implement
+ these functions. The old link update function for
+ :c:func:`of_phy_connect` becomes three methods: :c:func:`mac_link_up`,
+ :c:func:`mac_link_down`, and :c:func:`mac_config`. If step 1 was
+ performed, then the functionality will have been split there.
+
+ It is important that if in-band negotiation is used,
+ :c:func:`mac_link_up` and :c:func:`mac_link_down` do not prevent the
+ in-band negotiation from completing, since these functions are called
+ when the in-band link state changes - otherwise the link will never
+ come up.
+
+ The :c:func:`validate` method should mask the supplied supported mask,
+ and ``state->advertising`` with the supported ethtool link modes.
+ These are the new ethtool link modes, so bitmask operations must be
+ used. For an example, see drivers/net/ethernet/marvell/mvneta.c.
+
+ The :c:func:`mac_link_state` method is used to read the link state
+ from the MAC, and report back the settings that the MAC is currently
+ using. This is particularly important for in-band negotiation
+ methods such as 1000base-X and SGMII.
+
+ The :c:func:`mac_config` method is used to update the MAC with the
+ requested state, and must avoid unnecessarily taking the link down
+ when making changes to the MAC configuration. This means the
+ function should modify the state and only take the link down when
+ absolutely necessary to change the MAC configuration. An example
+ of how to do this can be found in :c:func:`mvneta_mac_config` in
+ drivers/net/ethernet/marvell/mvneta.c.
+
+ For further information on these methods, please see the inline
+ documentation in :c:type:`struct phylink_mac_ops <phylink_mac_ops>`.
+
+9. Remove calls to of_parse_phandle() for the PHY,
+ of_phy_register_fixed_link() for fixed links etc. from the probe
+ function, and replace with:
+
+ .. code-block:: c
+
+ struct phylink *phylink;
+
+ phylink = phylink_create(dev, node, phy_mode, &phylink_ops);
+ if (IS_ERR(phylink)) {
+ err = PTR_ERR(phylink);
+ fail probe;
+ }
+
+ priv->phylink = phylink;
+
+ and arrange to destroy the phylink in the probe failure path as
+ appropriate and the removal path too by calling:
+
+ .. code-block:: c
+
+ phylink_destroy(priv->phylink);
+
+10. Arrange for MAC link state interrupts to be forwarded into
+ phylink, via:
+
+ .. code-block:: c
+
+ phylink_mac_change(priv->phylink, link_is_up);
+
+ where ``link_is_up`` is true if the link is currently up or false
+ otherwise.
+
+11. Verify that the driver does not call::
+
+ netif_carrier_on()
+ netif_carrier_off()
+
+ as these will interfere with phylink's tracking of the link state,
+ and cause phylink to omit calls via the :c:func:`mac_link_up` and
+ :c:func:`mac_link_down` methods.
+
+Network drivers should call phylink_stop() and phylink_start() via their
+suspend/resume paths, which ensures that the appropriate
+:c:type:`struct phylink_mac_ops <phylink_mac_ops>` methods are called
+as necessary.
+
+For information describing the SFP cage in DT, please see the binding
+documentation in the kernel source tree
+``Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/sff,sfp.txt``