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authorLinus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>2020-10-25 23:53:46 +0100
committerRussell King <rmk+kernel@armlinux.org.uk>2020-10-27 12:11:08 +0000
commitc12366ba441da2f6f2b915410aca2b5b39c16514 (patch)
treee062f741660c23f6dd18039f5d7a2b62fc4809ac /arch/arm/include/asm/memory.h
parentARM: 9014/2: Replace string mem* functions for KASan (diff)
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ARM: 9015/2: Define the virtual space of KASan's shadow region
Define KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET,KASAN_SHADOW_START and KASAN_SHADOW_END for the Arm kernel address sanitizer. We are "stealing" lowmem (the 4GB addressable by a 32bit architecture) out of the virtual address space to use as shadow memory for KASan as follows: +----+ 0xffffffff | | | | |-> Static kernel image (vmlinux) BSS and page table | |/ +----+ PAGE_OFFSET | | | | |-> Loadable kernel modules virtual address space area | |/ +----+ MODULES_VADDR = KASAN_SHADOW_END | | | | |-> The shadow area of kernel virtual address. | |/ +----+-> TASK_SIZE (start of kernel space) = KASAN_SHADOW_START the | | shadow address of MODULES_VADDR | | | | | | | | |-> The user space area in lowmem. The kernel address | | | sanitizer do not use this space, nor does it map it. | | | | | | | | | | | | | |/ ------ 0 0 .. TASK_SIZE is the memory that can be used by shared userspace/kernelspace. It us used for userspace processes and for passing parameters and memory buffers in system calls etc. We do not need to shadow this area. KASAN_SHADOW_START: This value begins with the MODULE_VADDR's shadow address. It is the start of kernel virtual space. Since we have modules to load, we need to cover also that area with shadow memory so we can find memory bugs in modules. KASAN_SHADOW_END This value is the 0x100000000's shadow address: the mapping that would be after the end of the kernel memory at 0xffffffff. It is the end of kernel address sanitizer shadow area. It is also the start of the module area. KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET: This value is used to map an address to the corresponding shadow address by the following formula: shadow_addr = (address >> 3) + KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET; As you would expect, >> 3 is equal to dividing by 8, meaning each byte in the shadow memory covers 8 bytes of kernel memory, so one bit shadow memory per byte of kernel memory is used. The KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET is provided in a Kconfig option depending on the VMSPLIT layout of the system: the kernel and userspace can split up lowmem in different ways according to needs, so we calculate the shadow offset depending on this. When kasan is enabled, the definition of TASK_SIZE is not an 8-bit rotated constant, so we need to modify the TASK_SIZE access code in the *.s file. The kernel and modules may use different amounts of memory, according to the VMSPLIT configuration, which in turn determines the PAGE_OFFSET. We use the following KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSETs depending on how the virtual memory is split up: - 0x1f000000 if we have 1G userspace / 3G kernelspace split: - The kernel address space is 3G (0xc0000000) - PAGE_OFFSET is then set to 0x40000000 so the kernel static image (vmlinux) uses addresses 0x40000000 .. 0xffffffff - On top of that we have the MODULES_VADDR which under the worst case (using ARM instructions) is PAGE_OFFSET - 16M (0x01000000) = 0x3f000000 so the modules use addresses 0x3f000000 .. 0x3fffffff - So the addresses 0x3f000000 .. 0xffffffff need to be covered with shadow memory. That is 0xc1000000 bytes of memory. - 1/8 of that is needed for its shadow memory, so 0x18200000 bytes of shadow memory is needed. We "steal" that from the remaining lowmem. - The KASAN_SHADOW_START becomes 0x26e00000, to KASAN_SHADOW_END at 0x3effffff. - Now we can calculate the KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET for any kernel address as 0x3f000000 needs to map to the first byte of shadow memory and 0xffffffff needs to map to the last byte of shadow memory. Since: SHADOW_ADDR = (address >> 3) + KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET 0x26e00000 = (0x3f000000 >> 3) + KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET = 0x26e00000 - (0x3f000000 >> 3) KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET = 0x26e00000 - 0x07e00000 KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET = 0x1f000000 - 0x5f000000 if we have 2G userspace / 2G kernelspace split: - The kernel space is 2G (0x80000000) - PAGE_OFFSET is set to 0x80000000 so the kernel static image uses 0x80000000 .. 0xffffffff. - On top of that we have the MODULES_VADDR which under the worst case (using ARM instructions) is PAGE_OFFSET - 16M (0x01000000) = 0x7f000000 so the modules use addresses 0x7f000000 .. 0x7fffffff - So the addresses 0x7f000000 .. 0xffffffff need to be covered with shadow memory. That is 0x81000000 bytes of memory. - 1/8 of that is needed for its shadow memory, so 0x10200000 bytes of shadow memory is needed. We "steal" that from the remaining lowmem. - The KASAN_SHADOW_START becomes 0x6ee00000, to KASAN_SHADOW_END at 0x7effffff. - Now we can calculate the KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET for any kernel address as 0x7f000000 needs to map to the first byte of shadow memory and 0xffffffff needs to map to the last byte of shadow memory. Since: SHADOW_ADDR = (address >> 3) + KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET 0x6ee00000 = (0x7f000000 >> 3) + KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET = 0x6ee00000 - (0x7f000000 >> 3) KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET = 0x6ee00000 - 0x0fe00000 KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET = 0x5f000000 - 0x9f000000 if we have 3G userspace / 1G kernelspace split, and this is the default split for ARM: - The kernel address space is 1GB (0x40000000) - PAGE_OFFSET is set to 0xc0000000 so the kernel static image uses 0xc0000000 .. 0xffffffff. - On top of that we have the MODULES_VADDR which under the worst case (using ARM instructions) is PAGE_OFFSET - 16M (0x01000000) = 0xbf000000 so the modules use addresses 0xbf000000 .. 0xbfffffff - So the addresses 0xbf000000 .. 0xffffffff need to be covered with shadow memory. That is 0x41000000 bytes of memory. - 1/8 of that is needed for its shadow memory, so 0x08200000 bytes of shadow memory is needed. We "steal" that from the remaining lowmem. - The KASAN_SHADOW_START becomes 0xb6e00000, to KASAN_SHADOW_END at 0xbfffffff. - Now we can calculate the KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET for any kernel address as 0xbf000000 needs to map to the first byte of shadow memory and 0xffffffff needs to map to the last byte of shadow memory. Since: SHADOW_ADDR = (address >> 3) + KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET 0xb6e00000 = (0xbf000000 >> 3) + KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET = 0xb6e00000 - (0xbf000000 >> 3) KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET = 0xb6e00000 - 0x17e00000 KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET = 0x9f000000 - 0x8f000000 if we have 3G userspace / 1G kernelspace with full 1 GB low memory (VMSPLIT_3G_OPT): - The kernel address space is 1GB (0x40000000) - PAGE_OFFSET is set to 0xb0000000 so the kernel static image uses 0xb0000000 .. 0xffffffff. - On top of that we have the MODULES_VADDR which under the worst case (using ARM instructions) is PAGE_OFFSET - 16M (0x01000000) = 0xaf000000 so the modules use addresses 0xaf000000 .. 0xaffffff - So the addresses 0xaf000000 .. 0xffffffff need to be covered with shadow memory. That is 0x51000000 bytes of memory. - 1/8 of that is needed for its shadow memory, so 0x0a200000 bytes of shadow memory is needed. We "steal" that from the remaining lowmem. - The KASAN_SHADOW_START becomes 0xa4e00000, to KASAN_SHADOW_END at 0xaeffffff. - Now we can calculate the KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET for any kernel address as 0xaf000000 needs to map to the first byte of shadow memory and 0xffffffff needs to map to the last byte of shadow memory. Since: SHADOW_ADDR = (address >> 3) + KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET 0xa4e00000 = (0xaf000000 >> 3) + KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET = 0xa4e00000 - (0xaf000000 >> 3) KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET = 0xa4e00000 - 0x15e00000 KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET = 0x8f000000 - The default value of 0xffffffff for KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET is an error value. We should always match one of the above shadow offsets. When we do this, TASK_SIZE will sometimes get a bit odd values that will not fit into immediate mov assembly instructions. To account for this, we need to rewrite some assembly using TASK_SIZE like this: - mov r1, #TASK_SIZE + ldr r1, =TASK_SIZE or - cmp r4, #TASK_SIZE + ldr r0, =TASK_SIZE + cmp r4, r0 this is done to avoid the immediate #TASK_SIZE that need to fit into a limited number of bits. Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com> Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: kasan-dev@googlegroups.com Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org> Tested-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org> # QEMU/KVM/mach-virt/LPAE/8G Tested-by: Florian Fainelli <f.fainelli@gmail.com> # Brahma SoCs Tested-by: Ahmad Fatoum <a.fatoum@pengutronix.de> # i.MX6Q Reported-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Abbott Liu <liuwenliang@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: Florian Fainelli <f.fainelli@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@armlinux.org.uk>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/arm/include/asm/memory.h')
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/include/asm/memory.h5
1 files changed, 5 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/memory.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/memory.h
index bb79e52aeb90..598dbdca2017 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/memory.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/memory.h
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
#ifdef CONFIG_NEED_MACH_MEMORY_H
#include <mach/memory.h>
#endif
+#include <asm/kasan_def.h>
/* PAGE_OFFSET - the virtual address of the start of the kernel image */
#define PAGE_OFFSET UL(CONFIG_PAGE_OFFSET)
@@ -28,7 +29,11 @@
* TASK_SIZE - the maximum size of a user space task.
* TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE - the lower boundary of the mmap VM area
*/
+#ifndef CONFIG_KASAN
#define TASK_SIZE (UL(CONFIG_PAGE_OFFSET) - UL(SZ_16M))
+#else
+#define TASK_SIZE (KASAN_SHADOW_START)
+#endif
#define TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE ALIGN(TASK_SIZE / 3, SZ_16M)
/*