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authorArd Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>2017-01-28 23:25:38 +0000
committerHerbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>2017-02-03 18:16:20 +0800
commit4edd7d015b95abcedde591a0c45965305d7cd524 (patch)
tree7b81ab35751743010bc72a9788f562fa0dc8e033 /arch/arm64/crypto
parentcrypto: arm64/aes - performance tweak (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-4edd7d015b95abcedde591a0c45965305d7cd524.tar.xz
linux-dev-4edd7d015b95abcedde591a0c45965305d7cd524.zip
crypto: arm64/aes-neon-blk - tweak performance for low end cores
The non-bitsliced AES implementation using the NEON is highly sensitive to micro-architectural details, and, as it turns out, the Cortex-A53 on the Raspberry Pi 3 is a core that can benefit from this code, given that its scalar AES performance is abysmal (32.9 cycles per byte). The new bitsliced AES code manages 19.8 cycles per byte on this core, but can only operate on 8 blocks at a time, which is not supported by all chaining modes. With a bit of tweaking, we can get the plain NEON code to run at 22.0 cycles per byte, making it useful for sequential modes like CBC encryption. (Like bitsliced NEON, the plain NEON implementation does not use any lookup tables, which makes it easy on the D-cache, and invulnerable to cache timing attacks) So tweak the plain NEON AES code to use tbl instructions rather than shl/sri pairs, and to avoid the need to reload permutation vectors or other constants from memory in every round. Also, improve the decryption performance by switching to 16x8 pmul instructions for the performing the multiplications in GF(2^8). To allow the ECB and CBC encrypt routines to be reused by the bitsliced NEON code in a subsequent patch, export them from the module. Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/arm64/crypto')
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/crypto/aes-glue.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/crypto/aes-neon.S235
2 files changed, 102 insertions, 135 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm64/crypto/aes-glue.c b/arch/arm64/crypto/aes-glue.c
index 8ee1fb7aaa4f..055bc3f61138 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/crypto/aes-glue.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/crypto/aes-glue.c
@@ -409,5 +409,7 @@ unregister_simds:
module_cpu_feature_match(AES, aes_init);
#else
module_init(aes_init);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(neon_aes_ecb_encrypt);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(neon_aes_cbc_encrypt);
#endif
module_exit(aes_exit);
diff --git a/arch/arm64/crypto/aes-neon.S b/arch/arm64/crypto/aes-neon.S
index 85f07ead7c5c..f1e3aa2732f9 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/crypto/aes-neon.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/crypto/aes-neon.S
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
/*
* linux/arch/arm64/crypto/aes-neon.S - AES cipher for ARMv8 NEON
*
- * Copyright (C) 2013 Linaro Ltd <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
+ * Copyright (C) 2013 - 2017 Linaro Ltd. <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
@@ -17,17 +17,25 @@
/* multiply by polynomial 'x' in GF(2^8) */
.macro mul_by_x, out, in, temp, const
sshr \temp, \in, #7
- add \out, \in, \in
+ shl \out, \in, #1
and \temp, \temp, \const
eor \out, \out, \temp
.endm
+ /* multiply by polynomial 'x^2' in GF(2^8) */
+ .macro mul_by_x2, out, in, temp, const
+ ushr \temp, \in, #6
+ shl \out, \in, #2
+ pmul \temp, \temp, \const
+ eor \out, \out, \temp
+ .endm
+
/* preload the entire Sbox */
.macro prepare, sbox, shiftrows, temp
adr \temp, \sbox
- movi v12.16b, #0x40
+ movi v12.16b, #0x1b
ldr q13, \shiftrows
- movi v14.16b, #0x1b
+ ldr q14, .Lror32by8
ld1 {v16.16b-v19.16b}, [\temp], #64
ld1 {v20.16b-v23.16b}, [\temp], #64
ld1 {v24.16b-v27.16b}, [\temp], #64
@@ -50,37 +58,31 @@
/* apply SubBytes transformation using the the preloaded Sbox */
.macro sub_bytes, in
- sub v9.16b, \in\().16b, v12.16b
+ sub v9.16b, \in\().16b, v15.16b
tbl \in\().16b, {v16.16b-v19.16b}, \in\().16b
- sub v10.16b, v9.16b, v12.16b
+ sub v10.16b, v9.16b, v15.16b
tbx \in\().16b, {v20.16b-v23.16b}, v9.16b
- sub v11.16b, v10.16b, v12.16b
+ sub v11.16b, v10.16b, v15.16b
tbx \in\().16b, {v24.16b-v27.16b}, v10.16b
tbx \in\().16b, {v28.16b-v31.16b}, v11.16b
.endm
/* apply MixColumns transformation */
- .macro mix_columns, in
- mul_by_x v10.16b, \in\().16b, v9.16b, v14.16b
- rev32 v8.8h, \in\().8h
- eor \in\().16b, v10.16b, \in\().16b
- shl v9.4s, v8.4s, #24
- shl v11.4s, \in\().4s, #24
- sri v9.4s, v8.4s, #8
- sri v11.4s, \in\().4s, #8
- eor v9.16b, v9.16b, v8.16b
- eor v10.16b, v10.16b, v9.16b
- eor \in\().16b, v10.16b, v11.16b
- .endm
-
+ .macro mix_columns, in, enc
+ .if \enc == 0
/* Inverse MixColumns: pre-multiply by { 5, 0, 4, 0 } */
- .macro inv_mix_columns, in
- mul_by_x v11.16b, \in\().16b, v10.16b, v14.16b
- mul_by_x v11.16b, v11.16b, v10.16b, v14.16b
- eor \in\().16b, \in\().16b, v11.16b
- rev32 v11.8h, v11.8h
- eor \in\().16b, \in\().16b, v11.16b
- mix_columns \in
+ mul_by_x2 v8.16b, \in\().16b, v9.16b, v12.16b
+ eor \in\().16b, \in\().16b, v8.16b
+ rev32 v8.8h, v8.8h
+ eor \in\().16b, \in\().16b, v8.16b
+ .endif
+
+ mul_by_x v9.16b, \in\().16b, v8.16b, v12.16b
+ rev32 v8.8h, \in\().8h
+ eor v8.16b, v8.16b, v9.16b
+ eor \in\().16b, \in\().16b, v8.16b
+ tbl \in\().16b, {\in\().16b}, v14.16b
+ eor \in\().16b, \in\().16b, v8.16b
.endm
.macro do_block, enc, in, rounds, rk, rkp, i
@@ -88,16 +90,13 @@
add \rkp, \rk, #16
mov \i, \rounds
1111: eor \in\().16b, \in\().16b, v15.16b /* ^round key */
+ movi v15.16b, #0x40
tbl \in\().16b, {\in\().16b}, v13.16b /* ShiftRows */
sub_bytes \in
- ld1 {v15.4s}, [\rkp], #16
subs \i, \i, #1
+ ld1 {v15.4s}, [\rkp], #16
beq 2222f
- .if \enc == 1
- mix_columns \in
- .else
- inv_mix_columns \in
- .endif
+ mix_columns \in, \enc
b 1111b
2222: eor \in\().16b, \in\().16b, v15.16b /* ^round key */
.endm
@@ -116,139 +115,114 @@
*/
.macro sub_bytes_2x, in0, in1
- sub v8.16b, \in0\().16b, v12.16b
- sub v9.16b, \in1\().16b, v12.16b
+ sub v8.16b, \in0\().16b, v15.16b
tbl \in0\().16b, {v16.16b-v19.16b}, \in0\().16b
+ sub v9.16b, \in1\().16b, v15.16b
tbl \in1\().16b, {v16.16b-v19.16b}, \in1\().16b
- sub v10.16b, v8.16b, v12.16b
- sub v11.16b, v9.16b, v12.16b
+ sub v10.16b, v8.16b, v15.16b
tbx \in0\().16b, {v20.16b-v23.16b}, v8.16b
+ sub v11.16b, v9.16b, v15.16b
tbx \in1\().16b, {v20.16b-v23.16b}, v9.16b
- sub v8.16b, v10.16b, v12.16b
- sub v9.16b, v11.16b, v12.16b
+ sub v8.16b, v10.16b, v15.16b
tbx \in0\().16b, {v24.16b-v27.16b}, v10.16b
+ sub v9.16b, v11.16b, v15.16b
tbx \in1\().16b, {v24.16b-v27.16b}, v11.16b
tbx \in0\().16b, {v28.16b-v31.16b}, v8.16b
tbx \in1\().16b, {v28.16b-v31.16b}, v9.16b
.endm
.macro sub_bytes_4x, in0, in1, in2, in3
- sub v8.16b, \in0\().16b, v12.16b
+ sub v8.16b, \in0\().16b, v15.16b
tbl \in0\().16b, {v16.16b-v19.16b}, \in0\().16b
- sub v9.16b, \in1\().16b, v12.16b
+ sub v9.16b, \in1\().16b, v15.16b
tbl \in1\().16b, {v16.16b-v19.16b}, \in1\().16b
- sub v10.16b, \in2\().16b, v12.16b
+ sub v10.16b, \in2\().16b, v15.16b
tbl \in2\().16b, {v16.16b-v19.16b}, \in2\().16b
- sub v11.16b, \in3\().16b, v12.16b
+ sub v11.16b, \in3\().16b, v15.16b
tbl \in3\().16b, {v16.16b-v19.16b}, \in3\().16b
tbx \in0\().16b, {v20.16b-v23.16b}, v8.16b
tbx \in1\().16b, {v20.16b-v23.16b}, v9.16b
- sub v8.16b, v8.16b, v12.16b
+ sub v8.16b, v8.16b, v15.16b
tbx \in2\().16b, {v20.16b-v23.16b}, v10.16b
- sub v9.16b, v9.16b, v12.16b
+ sub v9.16b, v9.16b, v15.16b
tbx \in3\().16b, {v20.16b-v23.16b}, v11.16b
- sub v10.16b, v10.16b, v12.16b
+ sub v10.16b, v10.16b, v15.16b
tbx \in0\().16b, {v24.16b-v27.16b}, v8.16b
- sub v11.16b, v11.16b, v12.16b
+ sub v11.16b, v11.16b, v15.16b
tbx \in1\().16b, {v24.16b-v27.16b}, v9.16b
- sub v8.16b, v8.16b, v12.16b
+ sub v8.16b, v8.16b, v15.16b
tbx \in2\().16b, {v24.16b-v27.16b}, v10.16b
- sub v9.16b, v9.16b, v12.16b
+ sub v9.16b, v9.16b, v15.16b
tbx \in3\().16b, {v24.16b-v27.16b}, v11.16b
- sub v10.16b, v10.16b, v12.16b
+ sub v10.16b, v10.16b, v15.16b
tbx \in0\().16b, {v28.16b-v31.16b}, v8.16b
- sub v11.16b, v11.16b, v12.16b
+ sub v11.16b, v11.16b, v15.16b
tbx \in1\().16b, {v28.16b-v31.16b}, v9.16b
tbx \in2\().16b, {v28.16b-v31.16b}, v10.16b
tbx \in3\().16b, {v28.16b-v31.16b}, v11.16b
.endm
.macro mul_by_x_2x, out0, out1, in0, in1, tmp0, tmp1, const
- sshr \tmp0\().16b, \in0\().16b, #7
- add \out0\().16b, \in0\().16b, \in0\().16b
- sshr \tmp1\().16b, \in1\().16b, #7
+ sshr \tmp0\().16b, \in0\().16b, #7
+ shl \out0\().16b, \in0\().16b, #1
+ sshr \tmp1\().16b, \in1\().16b, #7
and \tmp0\().16b, \tmp0\().16b, \const\().16b
- add \out1\().16b, \in1\().16b, \in1\().16b
+ shl \out1\().16b, \in1\().16b, #1
and \tmp1\().16b, \tmp1\().16b, \const\().16b
eor \out0\().16b, \out0\().16b, \tmp0\().16b
eor \out1\().16b, \out1\().16b, \tmp1\().16b
.endm
- .macro mix_columns_2x, in0, in1
- mul_by_x_2x v8, v9, \in0, \in1, v10, v11, v14
- rev32 v10.8h, \in0\().8h
- rev32 v11.8h, \in1\().8h
- eor \in0\().16b, v8.16b, \in0\().16b
- eor \in1\().16b, v9.16b, \in1\().16b
- shl v12.4s, v10.4s, #24
- shl v13.4s, v11.4s, #24
- eor v8.16b, v8.16b, v10.16b
- sri v12.4s, v10.4s, #8
- shl v10.4s, \in0\().4s, #24
- eor v9.16b, v9.16b, v11.16b
- sri v13.4s, v11.4s, #8
- shl v11.4s, \in1\().4s, #24
- sri v10.4s, \in0\().4s, #8
- eor \in0\().16b, v8.16b, v12.16b
- sri v11.4s, \in1\().4s, #8
- eor \in1\().16b, v9.16b, v13.16b
- eor \in0\().16b, v10.16b, \in0\().16b
- eor \in1\().16b, v11.16b, \in1\().16b
+ .macro mul_by_x2_2x, out0, out1, in0, in1, tmp0, tmp1, const
+ ushr \tmp0\().16b, \in0\().16b, #6
+ shl \out0\().16b, \in0\().16b, #2
+ ushr \tmp1\().16b, \in1\().16b, #6
+ pmul \tmp0\().16b, \tmp0\().16b, \const\().16b
+ shl \out1\().16b, \in1\().16b, #2
+ pmul \tmp1\().16b, \tmp1\().16b, \const\().16b
+ eor \out0\().16b, \out0\().16b, \tmp0\().16b
+ eor \out1\().16b, \out1\().16b, \tmp1\().16b
.endm
- .macro inv_mix_cols_2x, in0, in1
- mul_by_x_2x v8, v9, \in0, \in1, v10, v11, v14
- mul_by_x_2x v8, v9, v8, v9, v10, v11, v14
+ .macro mix_columns_2x, in0, in1, enc
+ .if \enc == 0
+ /* Inverse MixColumns: pre-multiply by { 5, 0, 4, 0 } */
+ mul_by_x2_2x v8, v9, \in0, \in1, v10, v11, v12
eor \in0\().16b, \in0\().16b, v8.16b
- eor \in1\().16b, \in1\().16b, v9.16b
rev32 v8.8h, v8.8h
- rev32 v9.8h, v9.8h
- eor \in0\().16b, \in0\().16b, v8.16b
- eor \in1\().16b, \in1\().16b, v9.16b
- mix_columns_2x \in0, \in1
- .endm
-
- .macro inv_mix_cols_4x, in0, in1, in2, in3
- mul_by_x_2x v8, v9, \in0, \in1, v10, v11, v14
- mul_by_x_2x v10, v11, \in2, \in3, v12, v13, v14
- mul_by_x_2x v8, v9, v8, v9, v12, v13, v14
- mul_by_x_2x v10, v11, v10, v11, v12, v13, v14
- eor \in0\().16b, \in0\().16b, v8.16b
eor \in1\().16b, \in1\().16b, v9.16b
- eor \in2\().16b, \in2\().16b, v10.16b
- eor \in3\().16b, \in3\().16b, v11.16b
- rev32 v8.8h, v8.8h
rev32 v9.8h, v9.8h
- rev32 v10.8h, v10.8h
- rev32 v11.8h, v11.8h
eor \in0\().16b, \in0\().16b, v8.16b
eor \in1\().16b, \in1\().16b, v9.16b
- eor \in2\().16b, \in2\().16b, v10.16b
- eor \in3\().16b, \in3\().16b, v11.16b
- mix_columns_2x \in0, \in1
- mix_columns_2x \in2, \in3
+ .endif
+
+ mul_by_x_2x v8, v9, \in0, \in1, v10, v11, v12
+ rev32 v10.8h, \in0\().8h
+ rev32 v11.8h, \in1\().8h
+ eor v10.16b, v10.16b, v8.16b
+ eor v11.16b, v11.16b, v9.16b
+ eor \in0\().16b, \in0\().16b, v10.16b
+ eor \in1\().16b, \in1\().16b, v11.16b
+ tbl \in0\().16b, {\in0\().16b}, v14.16b
+ tbl \in1\().16b, {\in1\().16b}, v14.16b
+ eor \in0\().16b, \in0\().16b, v10.16b
+ eor \in1\().16b, \in1\().16b, v11.16b
.endm
- .macro do_block_2x, enc, in0, in1 rounds, rk, rkp, i
+ .macro do_block_2x, enc, in0, in1, rounds, rk, rkp, i
ld1 {v15.4s}, [\rk]
add \rkp, \rk, #16
mov \i, \rounds
1111: eor \in0\().16b, \in0\().16b, v15.16b /* ^round key */
eor \in1\().16b, \in1\().16b, v15.16b /* ^round key */
- sub_bytes_2x \in0, \in1
+ movi v15.16b, #0x40
tbl \in0\().16b, {\in0\().16b}, v13.16b /* ShiftRows */
tbl \in1\().16b, {\in1\().16b}, v13.16b /* ShiftRows */
- ld1 {v15.4s}, [\rkp], #16
+ sub_bytes_2x \in0, \in1
subs \i, \i, #1
+ ld1 {v15.4s}, [\rkp], #16
beq 2222f
- .if \enc == 1
- mix_columns_2x \in0, \in1
- ldr q13, .LForward_ShiftRows
- .else
- inv_mix_cols_2x \in0, \in1
- ldr q13, .LReverse_ShiftRows
- .endif
- movi v12.16b, #0x40
+ mix_columns_2x \in0, \in1, \enc
b 1111b
2222: eor \in0\().16b, \in0\().16b, v15.16b /* ^round key */
eor \in1\().16b, \in1\().16b, v15.16b /* ^round key */
@@ -262,23 +236,17 @@
eor \in1\().16b, \in1\().16b, v15.16b /* ^round key */
eor \in2\().16b, \in2\().16b, v15.16b /* ^round key */
eor \in3\().16b, \in3\().16b, v15.16b /* ^round key */
- sub_bytes_4x \in0, \in1, \in2, \in3
+ movi v15.16b, #0x40
tbl \in0\().16b, {\in0\().16b}, v13.16b /* ShiftRows */
tbl \in1\().16b, {\in1\().16b}, v13.16b /* ShiftRows */
tbl \in2\().16b, {\in2\().16b}, v13.16b /* ShiftRows */
tbl \in3\().16b, {\in3\().16b}, v13.16b /* ShiftRows */
- ld1 {v15.4s}, [\rkp], #16
+ sub_bytes_4x \in0, \in1, \in2, \in3
subs \i, \i, #1
+ ld1 {v15.4s}, [\rkp], #16
beq 2222f
- .if \enc == 1
- mix_columns_2x \in0, \in1
- mix_columns_2x \in2, \in3
- ldr q13, .LForward_ShiftRows
- .else
- inv_mix_cols_4x \in0, \in1, \in2, \in3
- ldr q13, .LReverse_ShiftRows
- .endif
- movi v12.16b, #0x40
+ mix_columns_2x \in0, \in1, \enc
+ mix_columns_2x \in2, \in3, \enc
b 1111b
2222: eor \in0\().16b, \in0\().16b, v15.16b /* ^round key */
eor \in1\().16b, \in1\().16b, v15.16b /* ^round key */
@@ -305,19 +273,7 @@
#include "aes-modes.S"
.text
- .align 4
-.LForward_ShiftRows:
-CPU_LE( .byte 0x0, 0x5, 0xa, 0xf, 0x4, 0x9, 0xe, 0x3 )
-CPU_LE( .byte 0x8, 0xd, 0x2, 0x7, 0xc, 0x1, 0x6, 0xb )
-CPU_BE( .byte 0xb, 0x6, 0x1, 0xc, 0x7, 0x2, 0xd, 0x8 )
-CPU_BE( .byte 0x3, 0xe, 0x9, 0x4, 0xf, 0xa, 0x5, 0x0 )
-
-.LReverse_ShiftRows:
-CPU_LE( .byte 0x0, 0xd, 0xa, 0x7, 0x4, 0x1, 0xe, 0xb )
-CPU_LE( .byte 0x8, 0x5, 0x2, 0xf, 0xc, 0x9, 0x6, 0x3 )
-CPU_BE( .byte 0x3, 0x6, 0x9, 0xc, 0xf, 0x2, 0x5, 0x8 )
-CPU_BE( .byte 0xb, 0xe, 0x1, 0x4, 0x7, 0xa, 0xd, 0x0 )
-
+ .align 6
.LForward_Sbox:
.byte 0x63, 0x7c, 0x77, 0x7b, 0xf2, 0x6b, 0x6f, 0xc5
.byte 0x30, 0x01, 0x67, 0x2b, 0xfe, 0xd7, 0xab, 0x76
@@ -385,3 +341,12 @@ CPU_BE( .byte 0xb, 0xe, 0x1, 0x4, 0x7, 0xa, 0xd, 0x0 )
.byte 0xc8, 0xeb, 0xbb, 0x3c, 0x83, 0x53, 0x99, 0x61
.byte 0x17, 0x2b, 0x04, 0x7e, 0xba, 0x77, 0xd6, 0x26
.byte 0xe1, 0x69, 0x14, 0x63, 0x55, 0x21, 0x0c, 0x7d
+
+.LForward_ShiftRows:
+ .octa 0x0b06010c07020d08030e09040f0a0500
+
+.LReverse_ShiftRows:
+ .octa 0x0306090c0f0205080b0e0104070a0d00
+
+.Lror32by8:
+ .octa 0x0c0f0e0d080b0a090407060500030201