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authorMark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>2017-07-14 20:30:35 +0100
committerMark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>2017-08-15 18:36:18 +0100
commit872d8327ce8982883b8237b2c320c8666f14e561 (patch)
treebf023777dde3ae13534a0ae0d84cc9cc6ea58a58 /arch/arm64/include/asm/stacktrace.h
parentarm64: add on_accessible_stack() (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-872d8327ce8982883b8237b2c320c8666f14e561.tar.xz
linux-dev-872d8327ce8982883b8237b2c320c8666f14e561.zip
arm64: add VMAP_STACK overflow detection
This patch adds stack overflow detection to arm64, usable when vmap'd stacks are in use. Overflow is detected in a small preamble executed for each exception entry, which checks whether there is enough space on the current stack for the general purpose registers to be saved. If there is not enough space, the overflow handler is invoked on a per-cpu overflow stack. This approach preserves the original exception information in ESR_EL1 (and where appropriate, FAR_EL1). Task and IRQ stacks are aligned to double their size, enabling overflow to be detected with a single bit test. For example, a 16K stack is aligned to 32K, ensuring that bit 14 of the SP must be zero. On an overflow (or underflow), this bit is flipped. Thus, overflow (of less than the size of the stack) can be detected by testing whether this bit is set. The overflow check is performed before any attempt is made to access the stack, avoiding recursive faults (and the loss of exception information these would entail). As logical operations cannot be performed on the SP directly, the SP is temporarily swapped with a general purpose register using arithmetic operations to enable the test to be performed. This gives us a useful error message on stack overflow, as can be trigger with the LKDTM overflow test: [ 305.388749] lkdtm: Performing direct entry OVERFLOW [ 305.395444] Insufficient stack space to handle exception! [ 305.395482] ESR: 0x96000047 -- DABT (current EL) [ 305.399890] FAR: 0xffff00000a5e7f30 [ 305.401315] Task stack: [0xffff00000a5e8000..0xffff00000a5ec000] [ 305.403815] IRQ stack: [0xffff000008000000..0xffff000008004000] [ 305.407035] Overflow stack: [0xffff80003efce4e0..0xffff80003efcf4e0] [ 305.409622] CPU: 0 PID: 1219 Comm: sh Not tainted 4.13.0-rc3-00021-g9636aea #5 [ 305.412785] Hardware name: linux,dummy-virt (DT) [ 305.415756] task: ffff80003d051c00 task.stack: ffff00000a5e8000 [ 305.419221] PC is at recursive_loop+0x10/0x48 [ 305.421637] LR is at recursive_loop+0x38/0x48 [ 305.423768] pc : [<ffff00000859f330>] lr : [<ffff00000859f358>] pstate: 40000145 [ 305.428020] sp : ffff00000a5e7f50 [ 305.430469] x29: ffff00000a5e8350 x28: ffff80003d051c00 [ 305.433191] x27: ffff000008981000 x26: ffff000008f80400 [ 305.439012] x25: ffff00000a5ebeb8 x24: ffff00000a5ebeb8 [ 305.440369] x23: ffff000008f80138 x22: 0000000000000009 [ 305.442241] x21: ffff80003ce65000 x20: ffff000008f80188 [ 305.444552] x19: 0000000000000013 x18: 0000000000000006 [ 305.446032] x17: 0000ffffa2601280 x16: ffff0000081fe0b8 [ 305.448252] x15: ffff000008ff546d x14: 000000000047a4c8 [ 305.450246] x13: ffff000008ff7872 x12: 0000000005f5e0ff [ 305.452953] x11: ffff000008ed2548 x10: 000000000005ee8d [ 305.454824] x9 : ffff000008545380 x8 : ffff00000a5e8770 [ 305.457105] x7 : 1313131313131313 x6 : 00000000000000e1 [ 305.459285] x5 : 0000000000000000 x4 : 0000000000000000 [ 305.461781] x3 : 0000000000000000 x2 : 0000000000000400 [ 305.465119] x1 : 0000000000000013 x0 : 0000000000000012 [ 305.467724] Kernel panic - not syncing: kernel stack overflow [ 305.470561] CPU: 0 PID: 1219 Comm: sh Not tainted 4.13.0-rc3-00021-g9636aea #5 [ 305.473325] Hardware name: linux,dummy-virt (DT) [ 305.475070] Call trace: [ 305.476116] [<ffff000008088ad8>] dump_backtrace+0x0/0x378 [ 305.478991] [<ffff000008088e64>] show_stack+0x14/0x20 [ 305.481237] [<ffff00000895a178>] dump_stack+0x98/0xb8 [ 305.483294] [<ffff0000080c3288>] panic+0x118/0x280 [ 305.485673] [<ffff0000080c2e9c>] nmi_panic+0x6c/0x70 [ 305.486216] [<ffff000008089710>] handle_bad_stack+0x118/0x128 [ 305.486612] Exception stack(0xffff80003efcf3a0 to 0xffff80003efcf4e0) [ 305.487334] f3a0: 0000000000000012 0000000000000013 0000000000000400 0000000000000000 [ 305.488025] f3c0: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 00000000000000e1 1313131313131313 [ 305.488908] f3e0: ffff00000a5e8770 ffff000008545380 000000000005ee8d ffff000008ed2548 [ 305.489403] f400: 0000000005f5e0ff ffff000008ff7872 000000000047a4c8 ffff000008ff546d [ 305.489759] f420: ffff0000081fe0b8 0000ffffa2601280 0000000000000006 0000000000000013 [ 305.490256] f440: ffff000008f80188 ffff80003ce65000 0000000000000009 ffff000008f80138 [ 305.490683] f460: ffff00000a5ebeb8 ffff00000a5ebeb8 ffff000008f80400 ffff000008981000 [ 305.491051] f480: ffff80003d051c00 ffff00000a5e8350 ffff00000859f358 ffff00000a5e7f50 [ 305.491444] f4a0: ffff00000859f330 0000000040000145 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 [ 305.492008] f4c0: 0001000000000000 0000000000000000 ffff00000a5e8350 ffff00000859f330 [ 305.493063] [<ffff00000808205c>] __bad_stack+0x88/0x8c [ 305.493396] [<ffff00000859f330>] recursive_loop+0x10/0x48 [ 305.493731] [<ffff00000859f358>] recursive_loop+0x38/0x48 [ 305.494088] [<ffff00000859f358>] recursive_loop+0x38/0x48 [ 305.494425] [<ffff00000859f358>] recursive_loop+0x38/0x48 [ 305.494649] [<ffff00000859f358>] recursive_loop+0x38/0x48 [ 305.494898] [<ffff00000859f358>] recursive_loop+0x38/0x48 [ 305.495205] [<ffff00000859f358>] recursive_loop+0x38/0x48 [ 305.495453] [<ffff00000859f358>] recursive_loop+0x38/0x48 [ 305.495708] [<ffff00000859f358>] recursive_loop+0x38/0x48 [ 305.496000] [<ffff00000859f358>] recursive_loop+0x38/0x48 [ 305.496302] [<ffff00000859f358>] recursive_loop+0x38/0x48 [ 305.496644] [<ffff00000859f358>] recursive_loop+0x38/0x48 [ 305.496894] [<ffff00000859f358>] recursive_loop+0x38/0x48 [ 305.497138] [<ffff00000859f358>] recursive_loop+0x38/0x48 [ 305.497325] [<ffff00000859f3dc>] lkdtm_OVERFLOW+0x14/0x20 [ 305.497506] [<ffff00000859f314>] lkdtm_do_action+0x1c/0x28 [ 305.497786] [<ffff00000859f178>] direct_entry+0xe0/0x170 [ 305.498095] [<ffff000008345568>] full_proxy_write+0x60/0xa8 [ 305.498387] [<ffff0000081fb7f4>] __vfs_write+0x1c/0x128 [ 305.498679] [<ffff0000081fcc68>] vfs_write+0xa0/0x1b0 [ 305.498926] [<ffff0000081fe0fc>] SyS_write+0x44/0xa0 [ 305.499182] Exception stack(0xffff00000a5ebec0 to 0xffff00000a5ec000) [ 305.499429] bec0: 0000000000000001 000000001c4cf5e0 0000000000000009 000000001c4cf5e0 [ 305.499674] bee0: 574f4c465245564f 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 8000000080808080 [ 305.499904] bf00: 0000000000000040 0000000000000038 fefefeff1b4bc2ff 7f7f7f7f7f7fff7f [ 305.500189] bf20: 0101010101010101 0000000000000000 000000000047a4c8 0000000000000038 [ 305.500712] bf40: 0000000000000000 0000ffffa2601280 0000ffffc63f6068 00000000004b5000 [ 305.501241] bf60: 0000000000000001 000000001c4cf5e0 0000000000000009 000000001c4cf5e0 [ 305.501791] bf80: 0000000000000020 0000000000000000 00000000004b5000 000000001c4cc458 [ 305.502314] bfa0: 0000000000000000 0000ffffc63f7950 000000000040a3c4 0000ffffc63f70e0 [ 305.502762] bfc0: 0000ffffa2601268 0000000080000000 0000000000000001 0000000000000040 [ 305.503207] bfe0: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 [ 305.503680] [<ffff000008082fb0>] el0_svc_naked+0x24/0x28 [ 305.504720] Kernel Offset: disabled [ 305.505189] CPU features: 0x002082 [ 305.505473] Memory Limit: none [ 305.506181] ---[ end Kernel panic - not syncing: kernel stack overflow This patch was co-authored by Ard Biesheuvel and Mark Rutland. Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Reviewed-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Tested-by: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>
Diffstat (limited to '')
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/stacktrace.h16
1 files changed, 16 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/stacktrace.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/stacktrace.h
index 92ddb6d25cf3..6ad30776e984 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/stacktrace.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/stacktrace.h
@@ -57,6 +57,20 @@ static inline bool on_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long sp)
return (low <= sp && sp < high);
}
+#ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
+DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned long [OVERFLOW_STACK_SIZE/sizeof(long)], overflow_stack);
+
+static inline bool on_overflow_stack(unsigned long sp)
+{
+ unsigned long low = (unsigned long)raw_cpu_ptr(overflow_stack);
+ unsigned long high = low + OVERFLOW_STACK_SIZE;
+
+ return (low <= sp && sp < high);
+}
+#else
+static inline bool on_overflow_stack(unsigned long sp) { return false; }
+#endif
+
/*
* We can only safely access per-cpu stacks from current in a non-preemptible
* context.
@@ -69,6 +83,8 @@ static inline bool on_accessible_stack(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long sp
return false;
if (on_irq_stack(sp))
return true;
+ if (on_overflow_stack(sp))
+ return true;
return false;
}