aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/arch/arm64
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorChristopher Covington <cov@codeaurora.org>2017-02-08 15:08:37 -0500
committerWill Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>2017-02-10 11:22:12 +0000
commit38fd94b0275c91071157a03cc27676909b23dcde (patch)
treebd035ae9cfee02889ec65bcc1f94aef66a8c6a08 /arch/arm64
parentarm64: head.S: Enable EL1 (host) access to SPE when entered at EL2 (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-38fd94b0275c91071157a03cc27676909b23dcde.tar.xz
linux-dev-38fd94b0275c91071157a03cc27676909b23dcde.zip
arm64: Work around Falkor erratum 1003
The Qualcomm Datacenter Technologies Falkor v1 CPU may allocate TLB entries using an incorrect ASID when TTBRx_EL1 is being updated. When the erratum is triggered, page table entries using the new translation table base address (BADDR) will be allocated into the TLB using the old ASID. All circumstances leading to the incorrect ASID being cached in the TLB arise when software writes TTBRx_EL1[ASID] and TTBRx_EL1[BADDR], a memory operation is in the process of performing a translation using the specific TTBRx_EL1 being written, and the memory operation uses a translation table descriptor designated as non-global. EL2 and EL3 code changing the EL1&0 ASID is not subject to this erratum because hardware is prohibited from performing translations from an out-of-context translation regime. Consider the following pseudo code. write new BADDR and ASID values to TTBRx_EL1 Replacing the above sequence with the one below will ensure that no TLB entries with an incorrect ASID are used by software. write reserved value to TTBRx_EL1[ASID] ISB write new value to TTBRx_EL1[BADDR] ISB write new value to TTBRx_EL1[ASID] ISB When the above sequence is used, page table entries using the new BADDR value may still be incorrectly allocated into the TLB using the reserved ASID. Yet this will not reduce functionality, since TLB entries incorrectly tagged with the reserved ASID will never be hit by a later instruction. Based on work by Shanker Donthineni <shankerd@codeaurora.org> Reviewed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Christopher Covington <cov@codeaurora.org> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/arm64')
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/Kconfig18
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/assembler.h23
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h3
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu_context.h8
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c9
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/mm/context.c11
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/mm/proc.S1
7 files changed, 71 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
index f45405664558..d2fe685b9026 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
@@ -480,6 +480,24 @@ config CAVIUM_ERRATUM_27456
If unsure, say Y.
+config QCOM_FALKOR_ERRATUM_1003
+ bool "Falkor E1003: Incorrect translation due to ASID change"
+ default y
+ select ARM64_PAN if ARM64_SW_TTBR0_PAN
+ help
+ On Falkor v1, an incorrect ASID may be cached in the TLB when ASID
+ and BADDR are changed together in TTBRx_EL1. The workaround for this
+ issue is to use a reserved ASID in cpu_do_switch_mm() before
+ switching to the new ASID. Saying Y here selects ARM64_PAN if
+ ARM64_SW_TTBR0_PAN is selected. This is done because implementing and
+ maintaining the E1003 workaround in the software PAN emulation code
+ would be an unnecessary complication. The affected Falkor v1 CPU
+ implements ARMv8.1 hardware PAN support and using hardware PAN
+ support versus software PAN emulation is mutually exclusive at
+ runtime.
+
+ If unsure, say Y.
+
config QCOM_FALKOR_ERRATUM_1009
bool "Falkor E1009: Prematurely complete a DSB after a TLBI"
default y
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/assembler.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/assembler.h
index 446f6c46d4b1..33b20c075fb3 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/assembler.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/assembler.h
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
+#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/pgtable-hwdef.h>
#include <asm/ptrace.h>
@@ -423,6 +424,28 @@ alternative_endif
.endm
/*
+ * Errata workaround prior to TTBR0_EL1 update
+ *
+ * val: TTBR value with new BADDR, preserved
+ * tmp0: temporary register, clobbered
+ * tmp1: other temporary register, clobbered
+ */
+ .macro pre_ttbr0_update_workaround, val, tmp0, tmp1
+#ifdef CONFIG_QCOM_FALKOR_ERRATUM_1003
+alternative_if ARM64_WORKAROUND_QCOM_FALKOR_E1003
+ mrs \tmp0, ttbr0_el1
+ mov \tmp1, #FALKOR_RESERVED_ASID
+ bfi \tmp0, \tmp1, #48, #16 // reserved ASID + old BADDR
+ msr ttbr0_el1, \tmp0
+ isb
+ bfi \tmp0, \val, #0, #48 // reserved ASID + new BADDR
+ msr ttbr0_el1, \tmp0
+ isb
+alternative_else_nop_endif
+#endif
+ .endm
+
+/*
* Errata workaround post TTBR0_EL1 update.
*/
.macro post_ttbr0_update_workaround
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
index d1207ac696ac..fb78a5d3b60b 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
@@ -36,7 +36,8 @@
#define ARM64_MISMATCHED_CACHE_LINE_SIZE 15
#define ARM64_HAS_NO_FPSIMD 16
#define ARM64_WORKAROUND_REPEAT_TLBI 17
+#define ARM64_WORKAROUND_QCOM_FALKOR_E1003 18
-#define ARM64_NCAPS 18
+#define ARM64_NCAPS 19
#endif /* __ASM_CPUCAPS_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu_context.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu_context.h
index 63e9982daca1..1ef40d82cfd3 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu_context.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu_context.h
@@ -19,6 +19,10 @@
#ifndef __ASM_MMU_CONTEXT_H
#define __ASM_MMU_CONTEXT_H
+#define FALKOR_RESERVED_ASID 1
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
@@ -220,4 +224,6 @@ switch_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next,
void verify_cpu_asid_bits(void);
-#endif
+#endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
+
+#endif /* !__ASM_MMU_CONTEXT_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
index 32b9beda2ac8..f6cc67e7626e 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
@@ -133,6 +133,15 @@ const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_errata[] = {
.def_scope = SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU,
.enable = cpu_enable_trap_ctr_access,
},
+#ifdef CONFIG_QCOM_FALKOR_ERRATUM_1003
+ {
+ .desc = "Qualcomm Technologies Falkor erratum 1003",
+ .capability = ARM64_WORKAROUND_QCOM_FALKOR_E1003,
+ MIDR_RANGE(MIDR_QCOM_FALKOR_V1,
+ MIDR_CPU_VAR_REV(0, 0),
+ MIDR_CPU_VAR_REV(0, 0)),
+ },
+#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_QCOM_FALKOR_ERRATUM_1009
{
.desc = "Qualcomm Technologies Falkor erratum 1009",
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
index 4c63cb154859..68634c630cdd 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
@@ -79,6 +79,13 @@ void verify_cpu_asid_bits(void)
}
}
+static void set_reserved_asid_bits(void)
+{
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_QCOM_FALKOR_ERRATUM_1003) &&
+ cpus_have_const_cap(ARM64_WORKAROUND_QCOM_FALKOR_E1003))
+ __set_bit(FALKOR_RESERVED_ASID, asid_map);
+}
+
static void flush_context(unsigned int cpu)
{
int i;
@@ -87,6 +94,8 @@ static void flush_context(unsigned int cpu)
/* Update the list of reserved ASIDs and the ASID bitmap. */
bitmap_clear(asid_map, 0, NUM_USER_ASIDS);
+ set_reserved_asid_bits();
+
/*
* Ensure the generation bump is observed before we xchg the
* active_asids.
@@ -244,6 +253,8 @@ static int asids_init(void)
panic("Failed to allocate bitmap for %lu ASIDs\n",
NUM_USER_ASIDS);
+ set_reserved_asid_bits();
+
pr_info("ASID allocator initialised with %lu entries\n", NUM_USER_ASIDS);
return 0;
}
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/proc.S b/arch/arm64/mm/proc.S
index 32682be978e0..cd4d53d7e458 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/proc.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/proc.S
@@ -138,6 +138,7 @@ ENDPROC(cpu_do_resume)
* - pgd_phys - physical address of new TTB
*/
ENTRY(cpu_do_switch_mm)
+ pre_ttbr0_update_workaround x0, x1, x2
mmid x1, x1 // get mm->context.id
bfi x0, x1, #48, #16 // set the ASID
msr ttbr0_el1, x0 // set TTBR0