path: root/arch/x86_64/kernel/smpboot.c
diff options
authorBernhard Kaindl <bk@suse.de>2007-05-02 19:27:17 +0200
committerAndi Kleen <andi@basil.nowhere.org>2007-05-02 19:27:17 +0200
commit2b1f6278d77c1f2f669346fc2bb48012b5e9495a (patch)
tree52a30a649b4786869a51bceefb2c7ca696e0fe32 /arch/x86_64/kernel/smpboot.c
parent[PATCH] x86: Adds mtrr_save_fixed_ranges() for use in two later patches. (diff)
[PATCH] x86: Save the MTRRs of the BSP before booting an AP
Applied fix by Andew Morton: http://lkml.org/lkml/2007/4/8/88 - Fix `make headers_check'. AMD and Intel x86 CPU manuals state that it is the responsibility of system software to initialize and maintain MTRR consistency across all processors in Multi-Processing Environments. Quote from page 188 of the AMD64 System Programming manual (Volume 2): 7.6.5 MTRRs in Multi-Processing Environments "In multi-processing environments, the MTRRs located in all processors must characterize memory in the same way. Generally, this means that identical values are written to the MTRRs used by the processors." (short omission here) "Failure to do so may result in coherency violations or loss of atomicity. Processor implementations do not check the MTRR settings in other processors to ensure consistency. It is the responsibility of system software to initialize and maintain MTRR consistency across all processors." Current Linux MTRR code already implements the above in the case that the BIOS does not properly initialize MTRRs on the secondary processors, but the case where the fixed-range MTRRs of the boot processor are changed after Linux started to boot, before the initialsation of a secondary processor, is not handled yet. In this case, secondary processors are currently initialized by Linux with MTRRs which the boot processor had very early, when mtrr_bp_init() did run, but not with the MTRRs which the boot processor uses at the time when that secondary processors is actually booted, causing differing MTRR contents on the secondary processors. Such situation happens on Acer Ferrari 1000 and 5000 notebooks where the BIOS enables and sets AMD-specific IORR bits in the fixed-range MTRRs of the boot processor when it transitions the system into ACPI mode. The SMI handler of the BIOS does this in SMM, entered while Linux ACPI code runs acpi_enable(). Other occasions where the SMI handler of the BIOS may change bits in the MTRRs could occur as well. To initialize newly booted secodary processors with the fixed-range MTRRs which the boot processor uses at that time, this patch saves the fixed-range MTRRs of the boot processor before new secondary processors are started. When the secondary processors run their Linux initialisation code, their fixed-range MTRRs will be updated with the saved fixed-range MTRRs. If CONFIG_MTRR is not set, we define mtrr_save_state as an empty statement because there is nothing to do. Possible TODOs: *) CPU-hotplugging outside of SMP suspend/resume is not yet tested with this patch. *) If, even in this case, an AP never runs i386/do_boot_cpu or x86_64/cpu_up, then the calls to mtrr_save_state() could be replaced by calls to mtrr_save_fixed_ranges(NULL) and mtrr_save_state() would not be needed. That would need either verification of the CPU-hotplug code or at least a test on a >2 CPU machine. *) The MTRRs of other running processors are not yet checked at this time but it might be interesting to syncronize the MTTRs of all processors before booting. That would be an incremental patch, but of rather low priority since there is no machine known so far which would require this. AK: moved prototypes on x86-64 around to fix warnings Signed-off-by: Bernhard Kaindl <bk@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Cc: Dave Jones <davej@codemonkey.org.uk>
Diffstat (limited to '')
1 files changed, 6 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86_64/kernel/smpboot.c b/arch/x86_64/kernel/smpboot.c
index 14724be48bec..ddc392bee243 100644
--- a/arch/x86_64/kernel/smpboot.c
+++ b/arch/x86_64/kernel/smpboot.c
@@ -944,6 +944,12 @@ int __cpuinit __cpu_up(unsigned int cpu)
return -ENOSYS;
+ /*
+ * Save current MTRR state in case it was changed since early boot
+ * (e.g. by the ACPI SMI) to initialize new CPUs with MTRRs in sync:
+ */
+ mtrr_save_state();
per_cpu(cpu_state, cpu) = CPU_UP_PREPARE;
/* Boot it! */
err = do_boot_cpu(cpu, apicid);