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authorVivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com>2012-03-08 10:53:56 -0800
committerJens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>2012-03-20 12:45:37 +0100
commit1cd9e039fc258f91fe38b97b3c622b13a3b8a795 (patch)
tree908f9747124b24ea4413025ab9294bd7d026b4f8 /block
parentblock: make blk-throttle preserve the issuing task on delayed bios (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-1cd9e039fc258f91fe38b97b3c622b13a3b8a795.tar.xz
linux-dev-1cd9e039fc258f91fe38b97b3c622b13a3b8a795.zip
blkcg: alloc per cpu stats from worker thread in a delayed manner
Current per cpu stat allocation assumes GFP_KERNEL allocation flag. But in IO path there are times when we want GFP_NOIO semantics. As there is no way to pass the allocation flags to alloc_percpu(), this patch delays the allocation of stats using a worker thread. v2-> tejun suggested following changes. Changed the patch accordingly. - move alloc_node location in structure - reduce the size of names of some of the fields - Reduce the scope of locking of alloc_list_lock - Simplified stat_alloc_fn() by allocating stats for all policies in one go and then assigning these to a group. v3 -> Andrew suggested to put some comments in the code. Also raised concerns about trying to allocate infinitely in case of allocation failure. I have changed the logic to sleep for 10ms before retrying. That should take care of non-preemptible UP kernels. v4 -> Tejun had more suggestions. - drop list_for_each_entry_all() - instead of msleep() use queue_delayed_work() - Some cleanups realted to more compact coding. v5-> tejun suggested more cleanups leading to more compact code. tj: - Relocated pcpu_stats into blkio_stat_alloc_fn(). - Minor comment update. - This also fixes suspicious RCU usage warning caused by invoking cgroup_path() from blkg_alloc() without holding RCU read lock. Now that blkg_alloc() doesn't require sleepable context, RCU read lock from blkg_lookup_create() is maintained throughout blkg_alloc(). Signed-off-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Diffstat (limited to 'block')
-rw-r--r--block/blk-cgroup.c129
-rw-r--r--block/blk-cgroup.h2
2 files changed, 91 insertions, 40 deletions
diff --git a/block/blk-cgroup.c b/block/blk-cgroup.c
index ee962f327ba5..622fb4143226 100644
--- a/block/blk-cgroup.c
+++ b/block/blk-cgroup.c
@@ -30,6 +30,13 @@ static LIST_HEAD(blkio_list);
static DEFINE_MUTEX(all_q_mutex);
static LIST_HEAD(all_q_list);
+/* List of groups pending per cpu stats allocation */
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(alloc_list_lock);
+static LIST_HEAD(alloc_list);
+
+static void blkio_stat_alloc_fn(struct work_struct *);
+static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(blkio_stat_alloc_work, blkio_stat_alloc_fn);
+
struct blkio_cgroup blkio_root_cgroup = { .weight = 2*BLKIO_WEIGHT_DEFAULT };
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blkio_root_cgroup);
@@ -391,6 +398,10 @@ void blkiocg_update_dispatch_stats(struct blkio_group *blkg,
struct blkio_group_stats_cpu *stats_cpu;
unsigned long flags;
+ /* If per cpu stats are not allocated yet, don't do any accounting. */
+ if (pd->stats_cpu == NULL)
+ return;
+
/*
* Disabling interrupts to provide mutual exclusion between two
* writes on same cpu. It probably is not needed for 64bit. Not
@@ -443,6 +454,10 @@ void blkiocg_update_io_merged_stats(struct blkio_group *blkg,
struct blkio_group_stats_cpu *stats_cpu;
unsigned long flags;
+ /* If per cpu stats are not allocated yet, don't do any accounting. */
+ if (pd->stats_cpu == NULL)
+ return;
+
/*
* Disabling interrupts to provide mutual exclusion between two
* writes on same cpu. It probably is not needed for 64bit. Not
@@ -460,6 +475,60 @@ void blkiocg_update_io_merged_stats(struct blkio_group *blkg,
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blkiocg_update_io_merged_stats);
+/*
+ * Worker for allocating per cpu stat for blk groups. This is scheduled on
+ * the system_nrt_wq once there are some groups on the alloc_list waiting
+ * for allocation.
+ */
+static void blkio_stat_alloc_fn(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ static void *pcpu_stats[BLKIO_NR_POLICIES];
+ struct delayed_work *dwork = to_delayed_work(work);
+ struct blkio_group *blkg;
+ int i;
+ bool empty = false;
+
+alloc_stats:
+ for (i = 0; i < BLKIO_NR_POLICIES; i++) {
+ if (pcpu_stats[i] != NULL)
+ continue;
+
+ pcpu_stats[i] = alloc_percpu(struct blkio_group_stats_cpu);
+
+ /* Allocation failed. Try again after some time. */
+ if (pcpu_stats[i] == NULL) {
+ queue_delayed_work(system_nrt_wq, dwork,
+ msecs_to_jiffies(10));
+ return;
+ }
+ }
+
+ spin_lock_irq(&blkio_list_lock);
+ spin_lock(&alloc_list_lock);
+
+ /* cgroup got deleted or queue exited. */
+ if (!list_empty(&alloc_list)) {
+ blkg = list_first_entry(&alloc_list, struct blkio_group,
+ alloc_node);
+ for (i = 0; i < BLKIO_NR_POLICIES; i++) {
+ struct blkg_policy_data *pd = blkg->pd[i];
+
+ if (blkio_policy[i] && pd && !pd->stats_cpu)
+ swap(pd->stats_cpu, pcpu_stats[i]);
+ }
+
+ list_del_init(&blkg->alloc_node);
+ }
+
+ empty = list_empty(&alloc_list);
+
+ spin_unlock(&alloc_list_lock);
+ spin_unlock_irq(&blkio_list_lock);
+
+ if (!empty)
+ goto alloc_stats;
+}
+
/**
* blkg_free - free a blkg
* @blkg: blkg to free
@@ -491,9 +560,6 @@ static void blkg_free(struct blkio_group *blkg)
* @q: request_queue the new blkg is associated with
*
* Allocate a new blkg assocating @blkcg and @q.
- *
- * FIXME: Should be called with queue locked but currently isn't due to
- * percpu stat breakage.
*/
static struct blkio_group *blkg_alloc(struct blkio_cgroup *blkcg,
struct request_queue *q)
@@ -509,6 +575,7 @@ static struct blkio_group *blkg_alloc(struct blkio_cgroup *blkcg,
spin_lock_init(&blkg->stats_lock);
blkg->q = q;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&blkg->q_node);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&blkg->alloc_node);
blkg->blkcg = blkcg;
blkg->refcnt = 1;
cgroup_path(blkcg->css.cgroup, blkg->path, sizeof(blkg->path));
@@ -530,13 +597,6 @@ static struct blkio_group *blkg_alloc(struct blkio_cgroup *blkcg,
blkg->pd[i] = pd;
pd->blkg = blkg;
-
- /* broken, read comment in the callsite */
- pd->stats_cpu = alloc_percpu(struct blkio_group_stats_cpu);
- if (!pd->stats_cpu) {
- blkg_free(blkg);
- return NULL;
- }
}
/* invoke per-policy init */
@@ -556,7 +616,7 @@ struct blkio_group *blkg_lookup_create(struct blkio_cgroup *blkcg,
bool for_root)
__releases(q->queue_lock) __acquires(q->queue_lock)
{
- struct blkio_group *blkg, *new_blkg;
+ struct blkio_group *blkg;
WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held());
lockdep_assert_held(q->queue_lock);
@@ -580,48 +640,27 @@ struct blkio_group *blkg_lookup_create(struct blkio_cgroup *blkcg,
/*
* Allocate and initialize.
- *
- * FIXME: The following is broken. Percpu memory allocation
- * requires %GFP_KERNEL context and can't be performed from IO
- * path. Allocation here should inherently be atomic and the
- * following lock dancing can be removed once the broken percpu
- * allocation is fixed.
*/
- spin_unlock_irq(q->queue_lock);
- rcu_read_unlock();
-
- new_blkg = blkg_alloc(blkcg, q);
-
- rcu_read_lock();
- spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
-
- /* did bypass get turned on inbetween? */
- if (unlikely(blk_queue_bypass(q)) && !for_root) {
- blkg = ERR_PTR(blk_queue_dead(q) ? -EINVAL : -EBUSY);
- goto out;
- }
-
- /* did someone beat us to it? */
- blkg = blkg_lookup(blkcg, q);
- if (unlikely(blkg))
- goto out;
+ blkg = blkg_alloc(blkcg, q);
/* did alloc fail? */
- if (unlikely(!new_blkg)) {
+ if (unlikely(!blkg)) {
blkg = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
goto out;
}
/* insert */
spin_lock(&blkcg->lock);
- swap(blkg, new_blkg);
-
hlist_add_head_rcu(&blkg->blkcg_node, &blkcg->blkg_list);
list_add(&blkg->q_node, &q->blkg_list);
-
spin_unlock(&blkcg->lock);
+
+ spin_lock(&alloc_list_lock);
+ list_add(&blkg->alloc_node, &alloc_list);
+ /* Queue per cpu stat allocation from worker thread. */
+ queue_delayed_work(system_nrt_wq, &blkio_stat_alloc_work, 0);
+ spin_unlock(&alloc_list_lock);
out:
- blkg_free(new_blkg);
return blkg;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blkg_lookup_create);
@@ -654,6 +693,10 @@ static void blkg_destroy(struct blkio_group *blkg)
list_del_init(&blkg->q_node);
hlist_del_init_rcu(&blkg->blkcg_node);
+ spin_lock(&alloc_list_lock);
+ list_del_init(&blkg->alloc_node);
+ spin_unlock(&alloc_list_lock);
+
/*
* Put the reference taken at the time of creation so that when all
* queues are gone, group can be destroyed.
@@ -752,6 +795,9 @@ static void blkio_reset_stats_cpu(struct blkio_group *blkg, int plid)
struct blkg_policy_data *pd = blkg->pd[plid];
struct blkio_group_stats_cpu *stats_cpu;
int i, j, k;
+
+ if (pd->stats_cpu == NULL)
+ return;
/*
* Note: On 64 bit arch this should not be an issue. This has the
* possibility of returning some inconsistent value on 32bit arch
@@ -883,6 +929,9 @@ static uint64_t blkio_read_stat_cpu(struct blkio_group *blkg, int plid,
struct blkio_group_stats_cpu *stats_cpu;
u64 val = 0, tval;
+ if (pd->stats_cpu == NULL)
+ return val;
+
for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
unsigned int start;
stats_cpu = per_cpu_ptr(pd->stats_cpu, cpu);
diff --git a/block/blk-cgroup.h b/block/blk-cgroup.h
index 98cd8533378f..1de32fe0e2af 100644
--- a/block/blk-cgroup.h
+++ b/block/blk-cgroup.h
@@ -190,6 +190,8 @@ struct blkio_group {
spinlock_t stats_lock;
struct blkg_policy_data *pd[BLKIO_NR_POLICIES];
+ /* List of blkg waiting for per cpu stats memory to be allocated */
+ struct list_head alloc_node;
struct rcu_head rcu_head;
};