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authorTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>2012-04-19 16:29:24 -0700
committerJens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>2012-04-20 10:06:40 +0200
commita637120e49021d197e9578cba545bbaa459cbb51 (patch)
tree0d502a8fcc55c89eb4d79a7578e46a9273d1f2c8 /block
parentblkcg: fix blkcg->css ref leak in __blkg_lookup_create() (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-a637120e49021d197e9578cba545bbaa459cbb51.tar.xz
linux-dev-a637120e49021d197e9578cba545bbaa459cbb51.zip
blkcg: use radix tree to index blkgs from blkcg
blkg lookup is currently performed by traversing linked list anchored at blkcg->blkg_list. This is very unscalable and with blk-throttle enabled and enough request queues on the system, this can get very ugly quickly (blk-throttle performs look up on every bio submission). This patch makes blkcg use radix tree to index blkgs combined with simple last-looked-up hint. This is mostly identical to how icqs are indexed from ioc. Note that because __blkg_lookup() may be invoked without holding queue lock, hint is only updated from __blkg_lookup_create(). Due to cfq's cfqq caching, this makes hint updates overly lazy. This will be improved with scheduled blkcg aware request allocation. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Diffstat (limited to 'block')
-rw-r--r--block/blk-cgroup.c52
-rw-r--r--block/blk-cgroup.h6
2 files changed, 50 insertions, 8 deletions
diff --git a/block/blk-cgroup.c b/block/blk-cgroup.c
index 30a7a9c58b38..02cf6335e9bd 100644
--- a/block/blk-cgroup.c
+++ b/block/blk-cgroup.c
@@ -142,11 +142,21 @@ static struct blkcg_gq *__blkg_lookup(struct blkcg *blkcg,
struct request_queue *q)
{
struct blkcg_gq *blkg;
- struct hlist_node *n;
- hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(blkg, n, &blkcg->blkg_list, blkcg_node)
- if (blkg->q == q)
- return blkg;
+ blkg = rcu_dereference(blkcg->blkg_hint);
+ if (blkg && blkg->q == q)
+ return blkg;
+
+ /*
+ * Hint didn't match. Look up from the radix tree. Note that we
+ * may not be holding queue_lock and thus are not sure whether
+ * @blkg from blkg_tree has already been removed or not, so we
+ * can't update hint to the lookup result. Leave it to the caller.
+ */
+ blkg = radix_tree_lookup(&blkcg->blkg_tree, q->id);
+ if (blkg && blkg->q == q)
+ return blkg;
+
return NULL;
}
@@ -179,9 +189,12 @@ static struct blkcg_gq *__blkg_lookup_create(struct blkcg *blkcg,
WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held());
lockdep_assert_held(q->queue_lock);
+ /* lookup and update hint on success, see __blkg_lookup() for details */
blkg = __blkg_lookup(blkcg, q);
- if (blkg)
+ if (blkg) {
+ rcu_assign_pointer(blkcg->blkg_hint, blkg);
return blkg;
+ }
/* blkg holds a reference to blkcg */
if (!css_tryget(&blkcg->css))
@@ -194,12 +207,24 @@ static struct blkcg_gq *__blkg_lookup_create(struct blkcg *blkcg,
goto err_put;
/* insert */
+ ret = radix_tree_preload(GFP_ATOMIC);
+ if (ret)
+ goto err_free;
+
spin_lock(&blkcg->lock);
- hlist_add_head_rcu(&blkg->blkcg_node, &blkcg->blkg_list);
- list_add(&blkg->q_node, &q->blkg_list);
+ ret = radix_tree_insert(&blkcg->blkg_tree, q->id, blkg);
+ if (likely(!ret)) {
+ hlist_add_head_rcu(&blkg->blkcg_node, &blkcg->blkg_list);
+ list_add(&blkg->q_node, &q->blkg_list);
+ }
spin_unlock(&blkcg->lock);
- return blkg;
+ radix_tree_preload_end();
+
+ if (!ret)
+ return blkg;
+err_free:
+ blkg_free(blkg);
err_put:
css_put(&blkcg->css);
return ERR_PTR(ret);
@@ -229,10 +254,20 @@ static void blkg_destroy(struct blkcg_gq *blkg)
/* Something wrong if we are trying to remove same group twice */
WARN_ON_ONCE(list_empty(&blkg->q_node));
WARN_ON_ONCE(hlist_unhashed(&blkg->blkcg_node));
+
+ radix_tree_delete(&blkcg->blkg_tree, blkg->q->id);
list_del_init(&blkg->q_node);
hlist_del_init_rcu(&blkg->blkcg_node);
/*
+ * Both setting lookup hint to and clearing it from @blkg are done
+ * under queue_lock. If it's not pointing to @blkg now, it never
+ * will. Hint assignment itself can race safely.
+ */
+ if (rcu_dereference_raw(blkcg->blkg_hint) == blkg)
+ rcu_assign_pointer(blkcg->blkg_hint, NULL);
+
+ /*
* Put the reference taken at the time of creation so that when all
* queues are gone, group can be destroyed.
*/
@@ -593,6 +628,7 @@ static struct cgroup_subsys_state *blkcg_create(struct cgroup *cgroup)
blkcg->id = atomic64_inc_return(&id_seq); /* root is 0, start from 1 */
done:
spin_lock_init(&blkcg->lock);
+ INIT_RADIX_TREE(&blkcg->blkg_tree, GFP_ATOMIC);
INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&blkcg->blkg_list);
return &blkcg->css;
diff --git a/block/blk-cgroup.h b/block/blk-cgroup.h
index 44cb9086ed42..8ac457ce7783 100644
--- a/block/blk-cgroup.h
+++ b/block/blk-cgroup.h
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
#include <linux/cgroup.h>
#include <linux/u64_stats_sync.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
+#include <linux/radix-tree.h>
/* Max limits for throttle policy */
#define THROTL_IOPS_MAX UINT_MAX
@@ -37,9 +38,14 @@ enum blkg_rwstat_type {
BLKG_RWSTAT_TOTAL = BLKG_RWSTAT_NR,
};
+struct blkcg_gq;
+
struct blkcg {
struct cgroup_subsys_state css;
spinlock_t lock;
+
+ struct radix_tree_root blkg_tree;
+ struct blkcg_gq *blkg_hint;
struct hlist_head blkg_list;
/* for policies to test whether associated blkcg has changed */