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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@g5.osdl.org>2006-06-20 15:37:56 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@g5.osdl.org>2006-06-20 15:37:56 -0700
commitd9eaec9e295a84a80b663996d0489fcff3a1dca9 (patch)
tree85cfc09bb5f0eb42d3be7dfbddaad31353307796 /fs/inotify_user.c
parentMerge git://git.infradead.org/hdrcleanup-2.6 (diff)
parent[PATCH] make set_loginuid obey audit_enabled (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-d9eaec9e295a84a80b663996d0489fcff3a1dca9.tar.xz
linux-dev-d9eaec9e295a84a80b663996d0489fcff3a1dca9.zip
Merge branch 'audit.b21' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/audit-current
* 'audit.b21' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/audit-current: (25 commits) [PATCH] make set_loginuid obey audit_enabled [PATCH] log more info for directory entry change events [PATCH] fix AUDIT_FILTER_PREPEND handling [PATCH] validate rule fields' types [PATCH] audit: path-based rules [PATCH] Audit of POSIX Message Queue Syscalls v.2 [PATCH] fix se_sen audit filter [PATCH] deprecate AUDIT_POSSBILE [PATCH] inline more audit helpers [PATCH] proc_loginuid_write() uses simple_strtoul() on non-terminated array [PATCH] update of IPC audit record cleanup [PATCH] minor audit updates [PATCH] fix audit_krule_to_{rule,data} return values [PATCH] add filtering by ppid [PATCH] log ppid [PATCH] collect sid of those who send signals to auditd [PATCH] execve argument logging [PATCH] fix deadlocks in AUDIT_LIST/AUDIT_LIST_RULES [PATCH] audit_panic() is audit-internal [PATCH] inotify (5/5): update kernel documentation ... Manual fixup of conflict in unclude/linux/inotify.h
Diffstat (limited to 'fs/inotify_user.c')
-rw-r--r--fs/inotify_user.c719
1 files changed, 719 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/fs/inotify_user.c b/fs/inotify_user.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..9e9931e2badd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/fs/inotify_user.c
@@ -0,0 +1,719 @@
+/*
+ * fs/inotify_user.c - inotify support for userspace
+ *
+ * Authors:
+ * John McCutchan <ttb@tentacle.dhs.org>
+ * Robert Love <rml@novell.com>
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2005 John McCutchan
+ * Copyright 2006 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
+ * Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any
+ * later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ * General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/mount.h>
+#include <linux/namei.h>
+#include <linux/poll.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/inotify.h>
+#include <linux/syscalls.h>
+
+#include <asm/ioctls.h>
+
+static kmem_cache_t *watch_cachep __read_mostly;
+static kmem_cache_t *event_cachep __read_mostly;
+
+static struct vfsmount *inotify_mnt __read_mostly;
+
+/* these are configurable via /proc/sys/fs/inotify/ */
+int inotify_max_user_instances __read_mostly;
+int inotify_max_user_watches __read_mostly;
+int inotify_max_queued_events __read_mostly;
+
+/*
+ * Lock ordering:
+ *
+ * inotify_dev->up_mutex (ensures we don't re-add the same watch)
+ * inode->inotify_mutex (protects inode's watch list)
+ * inotify_handle->mutex (protects inotify_handle's watch list)
+ * inotify_dev->ev_mutex (protects device's event queue)
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Lifetimes of the main data structures:
+ *
+ * inotify_device: Lifetime is managed by reference count, from
+ * sys_inotify_init() until release. Additional references can bump the count
+ * via get_inotify_dev() and drop the count via put_inotify_dev().
+ *
+ * inotify_user_watch: Lifetime is from create_watch() to the receipt of an
+ * IN_IGNORED event from inotify, or when using IN_ONESHOT, to receipt of the
+ * first event, or to inotify_destroy().
+ */
+
+/*
+ * struct inotify_device - represents an inotify instance
+ *
+ * This structure is protected by the mutex 'mutex'.
+ */
+struct inotify_device {
+ wait_queue_head_t wq; /* wait queue for i/o */
+ struct mutex ev_mutex; /* protects event queue */
+ struct mutex up_mutex; /* synchronizes watch updates */
+ struct list_head events; /* list of queued events */
+ atomic_t count; /* reference count */
+ struct user_struct *user; /* user who opened this dev */
+ struct inotify_handle *ih; /* inotify handle */
+ unsigned int queue_size; /* size of the queue (bytes) */
+ unsigned int event_count; /* number of pending events */
+ unsigned int max_events; /* maximum number of events */
+};
+
+/*
+ * struct inotify_kernel_event - An inotify event, originating from a watch and
+ * queued for user-space. A list of these is attached to each instance of the
+ * device. In read(), this list is walked and all events that can fit in the
+ * buffer are returned.
+ *
+ * Protected by dev->ev_mutex of the device in which we are queued.
+ */
+struct inotify_kernel_event {
+ struct inotify_event event; /* the user-space event */
+ struct list_head list; /* entry in inotify_device's list */
+ char *name; /* filename, if any */
+};
+
+/*
+ * struct inotify_user_watch - our version of an inotify_watch, we add
+ * a reference to the associated inotify_device.
+ */
+struct inotify_user_watch {
+ struct inotify_device *dev; /* associated device */
+ struct inotify_watch wdata; /* inotify watch data */
+};
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL
+
+#include <linux/sysctl.h>
+
+static int zero;
+
+ctl_table inotify_table[] = {
+ {
+ .ctl_name = INOTIFY_MAX_USER_INSTANCES,
+ .procname = "max_user_instances",
+ .data = &inotify_max_user_instances,
+ .maxlen = sizeof(int),
+ .mode = 0644,
+ .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec_minmax,
+ .strategy = &sysctl_intvec,
+ .extra1 = &zero,
+ },
+ {
+ .ctl_name = INOTIFY_MAX_USER_WATCHES,
+ .procname = "max_user_watches",
+ .data = &inotify_max_user_watches,
+ .maxlen = sizeof(int),
+ .mode = 0644,
+ .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec_minmax,
+ .strategy = &sysctl_intvec,
+ .extra1 = &zero,
+ },
+ {
+ .ctl_name = INOTIFY_MAX_QUEUED_EVENTS,
+ .procname = "max_queued_events",
+ .data = &inotify_max_queued_events,
+ .maxlen = sizeof(int),
+ .mode = 0644,
+ .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec_minmax,
+ .strategy = &sysctl_intvec,
+ .extra1 = &zero
+ },
+ { .ctl_name = 0 }
+};
+#endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */
+
+static inline void get_inotify_dev(struct inotify_device *dev)
+{
+ atomic_inc(&dev->count);
+}
+
+static inline void put_inotify_dev(struct inotify_device *dev)
+{
+ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&dev->count)) {
+ atomic_dec(&dev->user->inotify_devs);
+ free_uid(dev->user);
+ kfree(dev);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * free_inotify_user_watch - cleans up the watch and its references
+ */
+static void free_inotify_user_watch(struct inotify_watch *w)
+{
+ struct inotify_user_watch *watch;
+ struct inotify_device *dev;
+
+ watch = container_of(w, struct inotify_user_watch, wdata);
+ dev = watch->dev;
+
+ atomic_dec(&dev->user->inotify_watches);
+ put_inotify_dev(dev);
+ kmem_cache_free(watch_cachep, watch);
+}
+
+/*
+ * kernel_event - create a new kernel event with the given parameters
+ *
+ * This function can sleep.
+ */
+static struct inotify_kernel_event * kernel_event(s32 wd, u32 mask, u32 cookie,
+ const char *name)
+{
+ struct inotify_kernel_event *kevent;
+
+ kevent = kmem_cache_alloc(event_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (unlikely(!kevent))
+ return NULL;
+
+ /* we hand this out to user-space, so zero it just in case */
+ memset(&kevent->event, 0, sizeof(struct inotify_event));
+
+ kevent->event.wd = wd;
+ kevent->event.mask = mask;
+ kevent->event.cookie = cookie;
+
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kevent->list);
+
+ if (name) {
+ size_t len, rem, event_size = sizeof(struct inotify_event);
+
+ /*
+ * We need to pad the filename so as to properly align an
+ * array of inotify_event structures. Because the structure is
+ * small and the common case is a small filename, we just round
+ * up to the next multiple of the structure's sizeof. This is
+ * simple and safe for all architectures.
+ */
+ len = strlen(name) + 1;
+ rem = event_size - len;
+ if (len > event_size) {
+ rem = event_size - (len % event_size);
+ if (len % event_size == 0)
+ rem = 0;
+ }
+
+ kevent->name = kmalloc(len + rem, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (unlikely(!kevent->name)) {
+ kmem_cache_free(event_cachep, kevent);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ memcpy(kevent->name, name, len);
+ if (rem)
+ memset(kevent->name + len, 0, rem);
+ kevent->event.len = len + rem;
+ } else {
+ kevent->event.len = 0;
+ kevent->name = NULL;
+ }
+
+ return kevent;
+}
+
+/*
+ * inotify_dev_get_event - return the next event in the given dev's queue
+ *
+ * Caller must hold dev->ev_mutex.
+ */
+static inline struct inotify_kernel_event *
+inotify_dev_get_event(struct inotify_device *dev)
+{
+ return list_entry(dev->events.next, struct inotify_kernel_event, list);
+}
+
+/*
+ * inotify_dev_queue_event - event handler registered with core inotify, adds
+ * a new event to the given device
+ *
+ * Can sleep (calls kernel_event()).
+ */
+static void inotify_dev_queue_event(struct inotify_watch *w, u32 wd, u32 mask,
+ u32 cookie, const char *name,
+ struct inode *ignored)
+{
+ struct inotify_user_watch *watch;
+ struct inotify_device *dev;
+ struct inotify_kernel_event *kevent, *last;
+
+ watch = container_of(w, struct inotify_user_watch, wdata);
+ dev = watch->dev;
+
+ mutex_lock(&dev->ev_mutex);
+
+ /* we can safely put the watch as we don't reference it while
+ * generating the event
+ */
+ if (mask & IN_IGNORED || mask & IN_ONESHOT)
+ put_inotify_watch(w); /* final put */
+
+ /* coalescing: drop this event if it is a dupe of the previous */
+ last = inotify_dev_get_event(dev);
+ if (last && last->event.mask == mask && last->event.wd == wd &&
+ last->event.cookie == cookie) {
+ const char *lastname = last->name;
+
+ if (!name && !lastname)
+ goto out;
+ if (name && lastname && !strcmp(lastname, name))
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /* the queue overflowed and we already sent the Q_OVERFLOW event */
+ if (unlikely(dev->event_count > dev->max_events))
+ goto out;
+
+ /* if the queue overflows, we need to notify user space */
+ if (unlikely(dev->event_count == dev->max_events))
+ kevent = kernel_event(-1, IN_Q_OVERFLOW, cookie, NULL);
+ else
+ kevent = kernel_event(wd, mask, cookie, name);
+
+ if (unlikely(!kevent))
+ goto out;
+
+ /* queue the event and wake up anyone waiting */
+ dev->event_count++;
+ dev->queue_size += sizeof(struct inotify_event) + kevent->event.len;
+ list_add_tail(&kevent->list, &dev->events);
+ wake_up_interruptible(&dev->wq);
+
+out:
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->ev_mutex);
+}
+
+/*
+ * remove_kevent - cleans up and ultimately frees the given kevent
+ *
+ * Caller must hold dev->ev_mutex.
+ */
+static void remove_kevent(struct inotify_device *dev,
+ struct inotify_kernel_event *kevent)
+{
+ list_del(&kevent->list);
+
+ dev->event_count--;
+ dev->queue_size -= sizeof(struct inotify_event) + kevent->event.len;
+
+ kfree(kevent->name);
+ kmem_cache_free(event_cachep, kevent);
+}
+
+/*
+ * inotify_dev_event_dequeue - destroy an event on the given device
+ *
+ * Caller must hold dev->ev_mutex.
+ */
+static void inotify_dev_event_dequeue(struct inotify_device *dev)
+{
+ if (!list_empty(&dev->events)) {
+ struct inotify_kernel_event *kevent;
+ kevent = inotify_dev_get_event(dev);
+ remove_kevent(dev, kevent);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * find_inode - resolve a user-given path to a specific inode and return a nd
+ */
+static int find_inode(const char __user *dirname, struct nameidata *nd,
+ unsigned flags)
+{
+ int error;
+
+ error = __user_walk(dirname, flags, nd);
+ if (error)
+ return error;
+ /* you can only watch an inode if you have read permissions on it */
+ error = vfs_permission(nd, MAY_READ);
+ if (error)
+ path_release(nd);
+ return error;
+}
+
+/*
+ * create_watch - creates a watch on the given device.
+ *
+ * Callers must hold dev->up_mutex.
+ */
+static int create_watch(struct inotify_device *dev, struct inode *inode,
+ u32 mask)
+{
+ struct inotify_user_watch *watch;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (atomic_read(&dev->user->inotify_watches) >=
+ inotify_max_user_watches)
+ return -ENOSPC;
+
+ watch = kmem_cache_alloc(watch_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (unlikely(!watch))
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ /* save a reference to device and bump the count to make it official */
+ get_inotify_dev(dev);
+ watch->dev = dev;
+
+ atomic_inc(&dev->user->inotify_watches);
+
+ inotify_init_watch(&watch->wdata);
+ ret = inotify_add_watch(dev->ih, &watch->wdata, inode, mask);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ free_inotify_user_watch(&watch->wdata);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* Device Interface */
+
+static unsigned int inotify_poll(struct file *file, poll_table *wait)
+{
+ struct inotify_device *dev = file->private_data;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ poll_wait(file, &dev->wq, wait);
+ mutex_lock(&dev->ev_mutex);
+ if (!list_empty(&dev->events))
+ ret = POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->ev_mutex);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static ssize_t inotify_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
+ size_t count, loff_t *pos)
+{
+ size_t event_size = sizeof (struct inotify_event);
+ struct inotify_device *dev;
+ char __user *start;
+ int ret;
+ DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
+
+ start = buf;
+ dev = file->private_data;
+
+ while (1) {
+ int events;
+
+ prepare_to_wait(&dev->wq, &wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
+
+ mutex_lock(&dev->ev_mutex);
+ events = !list_empty(&dev->events);
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->ev_mutex);
+ if (events) {
+ ret = 0;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) {
+ ret = -EAGAIN;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (signal_pending(current)) {
+ ret = -EINTR;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ schedule();
+ }
+
+ finish_wait(&dev->wq, &wait);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ mutex_lock(&dev->ev_mutex);
+ while (1) {
+ struct inotify_kernel_event *kevent;
+
+ ret = buf - start;
+ if (list_empty(&dev->events))
+ break;
+
+ kevent = inotify_dev_get_event(dev);
+ if (event_size + kevent->event.len > count)
+ break;
+
+ if (copy_to_user(buf, &kevent->event, event_size)) {
+ ret = -EFAULT;
+ break;
+ }
+ buf += event_size;
+ count -= event_size;
+
+ if (kevent->name) {
+ if (copy_to_user(buf, kevent->name, kevent->event.len)){
+ ret = -EFAULT;
+ break;
+ }
+ buf += kevent->event.len;
+ count -= kevent->event.len;
+ }
+
+ remove_kevent(dev, kevent);
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->ev_mutex);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int inotify_release(struct inode *ignored, struct file *file)
+{
+ struct inotify_device *dev = file->private_data;
+
+ inotify_destroy(dev->ih);
+
+ /* destroy all of the events on this device */
+ mutex_lock(&dev->ev_mutex);
+ while (!list_empty(&dev->events))
+ inotify_dev_event_dequeue(dev);
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->ev_mutex);
+
+ /* free this device: the put matching the get in inotify_init() */
+ put_inotify_dev(dev);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static long inotify_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
+ unsigned long arg)
+{
+ struct inotify_device *dev;
+ void __user *p;
+ int ret = -ENOTTY;
+
+ dev = file->private_data;
+ p = (void __user *) arg;
+
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case FIONREAD:
+ ret = put_user(dev->queue_size, (int __user *) p);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations inotify_fops = {
+ .poll = inotify_poll,
+ .read = inotify_read,
+ .release = inotify_release,
+ .unlocked_ioctl = inotify_ioctl,
+ .compat_ioctl = inotify_ioctl,
+};
+
+static const struct inotify_operations inotify_user_ops = {
+ .handle_event = inotify_dev_queue_event,
+ .destroy_watch = free_inotify_user_watch,
+};
+
+asmlinkage long sys_inotify_init(void)
+{
+ struct inotify_device *dev;
+ struct inotify_handle *ih;
+ struct user_struct *user;
+ struct file *filp;
+ int fd, ret;
+
+ fd = get_unused_fd();
+ if (fd < 0)
+ return fd;
+
+ filp = get_empty_filp();
+ if (!filp) {
+ ret = -ENFILE;
+ goto out_put_fd;
+ }
+
+ user = get_uid(current->user);
+ if (unlikely(atomic_read(&user->inotify_devs) >=
+ inotify_max_user_instances)) {
+ ret = -EMFILE;
+ goto out_free_uid;
+ }
+
+ dev = kmalloc(sizeof(struct inotify_device), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (unlikely(!dev)) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out_free_uid;
+ }
+
+ ih = inotify_init(&inotify_user_ops);
+ if (unlikely(IS_ERR(ih))) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(ih);
+ goto out_free_dev;
+ }
+ dev->ih = ih;
+
+ filp->f_op = &inotify_fops;
+ filp->f_vfsmnt = mntget(inotify_mnt);
+ filp->f_dentry = dget(inotify_mnt->mnt_root);
+ filp->f_mapping = filp->f_dentry->d_inode->i_mapping;
+ filp->f_mode = FMODE_READ;
+ filp->f_flags = O_RDONLY;
+ filp->private_data = dev;
+
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->events);
+ init_waitqueue_head(&dev->wq);
+ mutex_init(&dev->ev_mutex);
+ mutex_init(&dev->up_mutex);
+ dev->event_count = 0;
+ dev->queue_size = 0;
+ dev->max_events = inotify_max_queued_events;
+ dev->user = user;
+ atomic_set(&dev->count, 0);
+
+ get_inotify_dev(dev);
+ atomic_inc(&user->inotify_devs);
+ fd_install(fd, filp);
+
+ return fd;
+out_free_dev:
+ kfree(dev);
+out_free_uid:
+ free_uid(user);
+ put_filp(filp);
+out_put_fd:
+ put_unused_fd(fd);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+asmlinkage long sys_inotify_add_watch(int fd, const char __user *path, u32 mask)
+{
+ struct inode *inode;
+ struct inotify_device *dev;
+ struct nameidata nd;
+ struct file *filp;
+ int ret, fput_needed;
+ unsigned flags = 0;
+
+ filp = fget_light(fd, &fput_needed);
+ if (unlikely(!filp))
+ return -EBADF;
+
+ /* verify that this is indeed an inotify instance */
+ if (unlikely(filp->f_op != &inotify_fops)) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto fput_and_out;
+ }
+
+ if (!(mask & IN_DONT_FOLLOW))
+ flags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW;
+ if (mask & IN_ONLYDIR)
+ flags |= LOOKUP_DIRECTORY;
+
+ ret = find_inode(path, &nd, flags);
+ if (unlikely(ret))
+ goto fput_and_out;
+
+ /* inode held in place by reference to nd; dev by fget on fd */
+ inode = nd.dentry->d_inode;
+ dev = filp->private_data;
+
+ mutex_lock(&dev->up_mutex);
+ ret = inotify_find_update_watch(dev->ih, inode, mask);
+ if (ret == -ENOENT)
+ ret = create_watch(dev, inode, mask);
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->up_mutex);
+
+ path_release(&nd);
+fput_and_out:
+ fput_light(filp, fput_needed);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+asmlinkage long sys_inotify_rm_watch(int fd, u32 wd)
+{
+ struct file *filp;
+ struct inotify_device *dev;
+ int ret, fput_needed;
+
+ filp = fget_light(fd, &fput_needed);
+ if (unlikely(!filp))
+ return -EBADF;
+
+ /* verify that this is indeed an inotify instance */
+ if (unlikely(filp->f_op != &inotify_fops)) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ dev = filp->private_data;
+
+ /* we free our watch data when we get IN_IGNORED */
+ ret = inotify_rm_wd(dev->ih, wd);
+
+out:
+ fput_light(filp, fput_needed);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static struct super_block *
+inotify_get_sb(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags,
+ const char *dev_name, void *data)
+{
+ return get_sb_pseudo(fs_type, "inotify", NULL, 0xBAD1DEA);
+}
+
+static struct file_system_type inotify_fs_type = {
+ .name = "inotifyfs",
+ .get_sb = inotify_get_sb,
+ .kill_sb = kill_anon_super,
+};
+
+/*
+ * inotify_user_setup - Our initialization function. Note that we cannnot return
+ * error because we have compiled-in VFS hooks. So an (unlikely) failure here
+ * must result in panic().
+ */
+static int __init inotify_user_setup(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = register_filesystem(&inotify_fs_type);
+ if (unlikely(ret))
+ panic("inotify: register_filesystem returned %d!\n", ret);
+
+ inotify_mnt = kern_mount(&inotify_fs_type);
+ if (IS_ERR(inotify_mnt))
+ panic("inotify: kern_mount ret %ld!\n", PTR_ERR(inotify_mnt));
+
+ inotify_max_queued_events = 16384;
+ inotify_max_user_instances = 128;
+ inotify_max_user_watches = 8192;
+
+ watch_cachep = kmem_cache_create("inotify_watch_cache",
+ sizeof(struct inotify_user_watch),
+ 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL, NULL);
+ event_cachep = kmem_cache_create("inotify_event_cache",
+ sizeof(struct inotify_kernel_event),
+ 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL, NULL);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+module_init(inotify_user_setup);