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authorDavid Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>2011-01-14 18:45:26 +0000
committerAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>2011-01-15 20:07:31 -0500
commitcc53ce53c86924bfe98a12ea20b7465038a08792 (patch)
tree3c9a4923dd9f413c46bfa83a20cb579446df6deb /fs
parentAdd a dentry op to handle automounting rather than abusing follow_link() (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-cc53ce53c86924bfe98a12ea20b7465038a08792.tar.xz
linux-dev-cc53ce53c86924bfe98a12ea20b7465038a08792.zip
Add a dentry op to allow processes to be held during pathwalk transit
Add a dentry op (d_manage) to permit a filesystem to hold a process and make it sleep when it tries to transit away from one of that filesystem's directories during a pathwalk. The operation is keyed off a new dentry flag (DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT). The filesystem is allowed to be selective about which processes it holds and which it permits to continue on or prohibits from transiting from each flagged directory. This will allow autofs to hold up client processes whilst letting its userspace daemon through to maintain the directory or the stuff behind it or mounted upon it. The ->d_manage() dentry operation: int (*d_manage)(struct path *path, bool mounting_here); takes a pointer to the directory about to be transited away from and a flag indicating whether the transit is undertaken by do_add_mount() or do_move_mount() skipping through a pile of filesystems mounted on a mountpoint. It should return 0 if successful and to let the process continue on its way; -EISDIR to prohibit the caller from skipping to overmounted filesystems or automounting, and to use this directory; or some other error code to return to the user. ->d_manage() is called with namespace_sem writelocked if mounting_here is true and no other locks held, so it may sleep. However, if mounting_here is true, it may not initiate or wait for a mount or unmount upon the parameter directory, even if the act is actually performed by userspace. Within fs/namei.c, follow_managed() is extended to check with d_manage() first on each managed directory, before transiting away from it or attempting to automount upon it. follow_down() is renamed follow_down_one() and should only be used where the filesystem deliberately intends to avoid management steps (e.g. autofs). A new follow_down() is added that incorporates the loop done by all other callers of follow_down() (do_add/move_mount(), autofs and NFSD; whilst AFS, NFS and CIFS do use it, their use is removed by converting them to use d_automount()). The new follow_down() calls d_manage() as appropriate. It also takes an extra parameter to indicate if it is being called from mount code (with namespace_sem writelocked) which it passes to d_manage(). follow_down() ignores automount points so that it can be used to mount on them. __follow_mount_rcu() is made to abort rcu-walk mode if it hits a directory with DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT set on the basis that we're probably going to have to sleep. It would be possible to enter d_manage() in rcu-walk mode too, and have that determine whether to abort or not itself. That would allow the autofs daemon to continue on in rcu-walk mode. Note that DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT on a directory should be cleared when it isn't required as every tranist from that directory will cause d_manage() to be invoked. It can always be set again when necessary. ========================== WHAT THIS MEANS FOR AUTOFS ========================== Autofs currently uses the lookup() inode op and the d_revalidate() dentry op to trigger the automounting of indirect mounts, and both of these can be called with i_mutex held. autofs knows that the i_mutex will be held by the caller in lookup(), and so can drop it before invoking the daemon - but this isn't so for d_revalidate(), since the lock is only held on _some_ of the code paths that call it. This means that autofs can't risk dropping i_mutex from its d_revalidate() function before it calls the daemon. The bug could manifest itself as, for example, a process that's trying to validate an automount dentry that gets made to wait because that dentry is expired and needs cleaning up: mkdir S ffffffff8014e05a 0 32580 24956 Call Trace: [<ffffffff885371fd>] :autofs4:autofs4_wait+0x674/0x897 [<ffffffff80127f7d>] avc_has_perm+0x46/0x58 [<ffffffff8009fdcf>] autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x2e [<ffffffff88537be6>] :autofs4:autofs4_expire_wait+0x41/0x6b [<ffffffff88535cfc>] :autofs4:autofs4_revalidate+0x91/0x149 [<ffffffff80036d96>] __lookup_hash+0xa0/0x12f [<ffffffff80057a2f>] lookup_create+0x46/0x80 [<ffffffff800e6e31>] sys_mkdirat+0x56/0xe4 versus the automount daemon which wants to remove that dentry, but can't because the normal process is holding the i_mutex lock: automount D ffffffff8014e05a 0 32581 1 32561 Call Trace: [<ffffffff80063c3f>] __mutex_lock_slowpath+0x60/0x9b [<ffffffff8000ccf1>] do_path_lookup+0x2ca/0x2f1 [<ffffffff80063c89>] .text.lock.mutex+0xf/0x14 [<ffffffff800e6d55>] do_rmdir+0x77/0xde [<ffffffff8005d229>] tracesys+0x71/0xe0 [<ffffffff8005d28d>] tracesys+0xd5/0xe0 which means that the system is deadlocked. This patch allows autofs to hold up normal processes whilst the daemon goes ahead and does things to the dentry tree behind the automouter point without risking a deadlock as almost no locks are held in d_manage() and none in d_automount(). Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Was-Acked-by: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Diffstat (limited to 'fs')
-rw-r--r--fs/afs/mntpt.c5
-rw-r--r--fs/autofs4/autofs_i.h13
-rw-r--r--fs/autofs4/dev-ioctl.c2
-rw-r--r--fs/autofs4/expire.c2
-rw-r--r--fs/autofs4/root.c11
-rw-r--r--fs/cifs/cifs_dfs_ref.c5
-rw-r--r--fs/namei.c72
-rw-r--r--fs/namespace.c14
-rw-r--r--fs/nfs/namespace.c5
-rw-r--r--fs/nfsd/vfs.c5
10 files changed, 91 insertions, 43 deletions
diff --git a/fs/afs/mntpt.c b/fs/afs/mntpt.c
index e83c0336e7b5..f3e891d57a2c 100644
--- a/fs/afs/mntpt.c
+++ b/fs/afs/mntpt.c
@@ -273,10 +273,7 @@ static void *afs_mntpt_follow_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct nameidata *nd)
break;
case -EBUSY:
/* someone else made a mount here whilst we were busy */
- while (d_mountpoint(nd->path.dentry) &&
- follow_down(&nd->path))
- ;
- err = 0;
+ err = follow_down(&nd->path, false);
default:
mntput(newmnt);
break;
diff --git a/fs/autofs4/autofs_i.h b/fs/autofs4/autofs_i.h
index 0fffe1c24cec..eb67953452bb 100644
--- a/fs/autofs4/autofs_i.h
+++ b/fs/autofs4/autofs_i.h
@@ -229,19 +229,6 @@ int autofs4_wait(struct autofs_sb_info *,struct dentry *, enum autofs_notify);
int autofs4_wait_release(struct autofs_sb_info *,autofs_wqt_t,int);
void autofs4_catatonic_mode(struct autofs_sb_info *);
-static inline int autofs4_follow_mount(struct path *path)
-{
- int res = 0;
-
- while (d_mountpoint(path->dentry)) {
- int followed = follow_down(path);
- if (!followed)
- break;
- res = 1;
- }
- return res;
-}
-
static inline u32 autofs4_get_dev(struct autofs_sb_info *sbi)
{
return new_encode_dev(sbi->sb->s_dev);
diff --git a/fs/autofs4/dev-ioctl.c b/fs/autofs4/dev-ioctl.c
index eff9a419469a..1442da4860e5 100644
--- a/fs/autofs4/dev-ioctl.c
+++ b/fs/autofs4/dev-ioctl.c
@@ -551,7 +551,7 @@ static int autofs_dev_ioctl_ismountpoint(struct file *fp,
err = have_submounts(path.dentry);
- if (follow_down(&path))
+ if (follow_down_one(&path))
magic = path.mnt->mnt_sb->s_magic;
}
diff --git a/fs/autofs4/expire.c b/fs/autofs4/expire.c
index cc1d01365905..6a930b90d389 100644
--- a/fs/autofs4/expire.c
+++ b/fs/autofs4/expire.c
@@ -56,7 +56,7 @@ static int autofs4_mount_busy(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry)
path_get(&path);
- if (!follow_down(&path))
+ if (!follow_down_one(&path))
goto done;
if (is_autofs4_dentry(path.dentry)) {
diff --git a/fs/autofs4/root.c b/fs/autofs4/root.c
index 651e4ef563b1..20225636a4e9 100644
--- a/fs/autofs4/root.c
+++ b/fs/autofs4/root.c
@@ -234,7 +234,7 @@ static void *autofs4_follow_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct nameidata *nd)
nd->flags);
/*
* For an expire of a covered direct or offset mount we need
- * to break out of follow_down() at the autofs mount trigger
+ * to break out of follow_down_one() at the autofs mount trigger
* (d_mounted--), so we can see the expiring flag, and manage
* the blocking and following here until the expire is completed.
*/
@@ -243,7 +243,7 @@ static void *autofs4_follow_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct nameidata *nd)
if (ino->flags & AUTOFS_INF_EXPIRING) {
spin_unlock(&sbi->fs_lock);
/* Follow down to our covering mount. */
- if (!follow_down(&nd->path))
+ if (!follow_down_one(&nd->path))
goto done;
goto follow;
}
@@ -292,11 +292,10 @@ follow:
* multi-mount with no root offset so we don't need
* to follow it.
*/
- if (d_mountpoint(dentry)) {
- if (!autofs4_follow_mount(&nd->path)) {
- status = -ENOENT;
+ if (d_managed(dentry)) {
+ status = follow_down(&nd->path, false);
+ if (status < 0)
goto out_error;
- }
}
done:
diff --git a/fs/cifs/cifs_dfs_ref.c b/fs/cifs/cifs_dfs_ref.c
index c68a056f27fd..83479cf63f96 100644
--- a/fs/cifs/cifs_dfs_ref.c
+++ b/fs/cifs/cifs_dfs_ref.c
@@ -273,10 +273,7 @@ static int add_mount_helper(struct vfsmount *newmnt, struct nameidata *nd,
break;
case -EBUSY:
/* someone else made a mount here whilst we were busy */
- while (d_mountpoint(nd->path.dentry) &&
- follow_down(&nd->path))
- ;
- err = 0;
+ err = follow_down(&nd->path, false);
default:
mntput(newmnt);
break;
diff --git a/fs/namei.c b/fs/namei.c
index 16109da68bbf..9d3033dc22e9 100644
--- a/fs/namei.c
+++ b/fs/namei.c
@@ -960,6 +960,7 @@ static int follow_automount(struct path *path, unsigned flags,
/*
* Handle a dentry that is managed in some way.
+ * - Flagged for transit management (autofs)
* - Flagged as mountpoint
* - Flagged as automount point
*
@@ -979,6 +980,16 @@ static int follow_managed(struct path *path, unsigned flags)
while (managed = ACCESS_ONCE(path->dentry->d_flags),
managed &= DCACHE_MANAGED_DENTRY,
unlikely(managed != 0)) {
+ /* Allow the filesystem to manage the transit without i_mutex
+ * being held. */
+ if (managed & DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT) {
+ BUG_ON(!path->dentry->d_op);
+ BUG_ON(!path->dentry->d_op->d_manage);
+ ret = path->dentry->d_op->d_manage(path->dentry, false);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret == -EISDIR ? 0 : ret;
+ }
+
/* Transit to a mounted filesystem. */
if (managed & DCACHE_MOUNTED) {
struct vfsmount *mounted = lookup_mnt(path);
@@ -1012,7 +1023,7 @@ static int follow_managed(struct path *path, unsigned flags)
return 0;
}
-int follow_down(struct path *path)
+int follow_down_one(struct path *path)
{
struct vfsmount *mounted;
@@ -1029,14 +1040,19 @@ int follow_down(struct path *path)
/*
* Skip to top of mountpoint pile in rcuwalk mode. We abort the rcu-walk if we
- * meet an automount point and we're not walking to "..". True is returned to
+ * meet a managed dentry and we're not walking to "..". True is returned to
* continue, false to abort.
*/
static bool __follow_mount_rcu(struct nameidata *nd, struct path *path,
struct inode **inode, bool reverse_transit)
{
+ unsigned abort_mask =
+ reverse_transit ? 0 : DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT;
+
while (d_mountpoint(path->dentry)) {
struct vfsmount *mounted;
+ if (path->dentry->d_flags & abort_mask)
+ return true;
mounted = __lookup_mnt(path->mnt, path->dentry, 1);
if (!mounted)
break;
@@ -1087,6 +1103,57 @@ static int follow_dotdot_rcu(struct nameidata *nd)
}
/*
+ * Follow down to the covering mount currently visible to userspace. At each
+ * point, the filesystem owning that dentry may be queried as to whether the
+ * caller is permitted to proceed or not.
+ *
+ * Care must be taken as namespace_sem may be held (indicated by mounting_here
+ * being true).
+ */
+int follow_down(struct path *path, bool mounting_here)
+{
+ unsigned managed;
+ int ret;
+
+ while (managed = ACCESS_ONCE(path->dentry->d_flags),
+ unlikely(managed & DCACHE_MANAGED_DENTRY)) {
+ /* Allow the filesystem to manage the transit without i_mutex
+ * being held.
+ *
+ * We indicate to the filesystem if someone is trying to mount
+ * something here. This gives autofs the chance to deny anyone
+ * other than its daemon the right to mount on its
+ * superstructure.
+ *
+ * The filesystem may sleep at this point.
+ */
+ if (managed & DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT) {
+ BUG_ON(!path->dentry->d_op);
+ BUG_ON(!path->dentry->d_op->d_manage);
+ ret = path->dentry->d_op->d_manage(path->dentry, mounting_here);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret == -EISDIR ? 0 : ret;
+ }
+
+ /* Transit to a mounted filesystem. */
+ if (managed & DCACHE_MOUNTED) {
+ struct vfsmount *mounted = lookup_mnt(path);
+ if (!mounted)
+ break;
+ dput(path->dentry);
+ mntput(path->mnt);
+ path->mnt = mounted;
+ path->dentry = dget(mounted->mnt_root);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ /* Don't handle automount points here */
+ break;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
* Skip to top of mountpoint pile in refwalk mode for follow_dotdot()
*/
static void follow_mount(struct path *path)
@@ -3530,6 +3597,7 @@ const struct inode_operations page_symlink_inode_operations = {
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL(user_path_at);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_down_one);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_down);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_up);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_write_access); /* binfmt_aout */
diff --git a/fs/namespace.c b/fs/namespace.c
index 3ddfd9046c44..d94ccd6ddafd 100644
--- a/fs/namespace.c
+++ b/fs/namespace.c
@@ -1844,9 +1844,10 @@ static int do_move_mount(struct path *path, char *old_name)
return err;
down_write(&namespace_sem);
- while (d_mountpoint(path->dentry) &&
- follow_down(path))
- ;
+ err = follow_down(path, true);
+ if (err < 0)
+ goto out;
+
err = -EINVAL;
if (!check_mnt(path->mnt) || !check_mnt(old_path.mnt))
goto out;
@@ -1940,9 +1941,10 @@ int do_add_mount(struct vfsmount *newmnt, struct path *path,
down_write(&namespace_sem);
/* Something was mounted here while we slept */
- while (d_mountpoint(path->dentry) &&
- follow_down(path))
- ;
+ err = follow_down(path, true);
+ if (err < 0)
+ goto unlock;
+
err = -EINVAL;
if (!(mnt_flags & MNT_SHRINKABLE) && !check_mnt(path->mnt))
goto unlock;
diff --git a/fs/nfs/namespace.c b/fs/nfs/namespace.c
index 74aaf3963c10..bfcb933e5755 100644
--- a/fs/nfs/namespace.c
+++ b/fs/nfs/namespace.c
@@ -176,10 +176,7 @@ out_err:
path_put(&nd->path);
goto out;
out_follow:
- while (d_mountpoint(nd->path.dentry) &&
- follow_down(&nd->path))
- ;
- err = 0;
+ err = follow_down(&nd->path, false);
goto out;
}
diff --git a/fs/nfsd/vfs.c b/fs/nfsd/vfs.c
index 230b79fbf005..0f79e33a65d7 100644
--- a/fs/nfsd/vfs.c
+++ b/fs/nfsd/vfs.c
@@ -88,8 +88,9 @@ nfsd_cross_mnt(struct svc_rqst *rqstp, struct dentry **dpp,
.dentry = dget(dentry)};
int err = 0;
- while (d_mountpoint(path.dentry) && follow_down(&path))
- ;
+ err = follow_down(&path, false);
+ if (err < 0)
+ goto out;
exp2 = rqst_exp_get_by_name(rqstp, &path);
if (IS_ERR(exp2)) {