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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2017-09-14 17:30:49 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2017-09-14 17:30:49 -0700
commite7cdb60fd28b252f1c15a0e50f79a01906124915 (patch)
treed1d3865f6fe6af12b7f431a8a1347fde3df53d6b /ipc
parentMerge tag 'kbuild-v4.14' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/masahiroy/linux-kbuild (diff)
parentsquashfs: Add zstd support (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-e7cdb60fd28b252f1c15a0e50f79a01906124915.tar.xz
linux-dev-e7cdb60fd28b252f1c15a0e50f79a01906124915.zip
Merge branch 'zstd-minimal' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mason/linux-btrfs
Pull zstd support from Chris Mason: "Nick Terrell's patch series to add zstd support to the kernel has been floating around for a while. After talking with Dave Sterba, Herbert and Phillip, we decided to send the whole thing in as one pull request. zstd is a big win in speed over zlib and in compression ratio over lzo, and the compression team here at FB has gotten great results using it in production. Nick will continue to update the kernel side with new improvements from the open source zstd userland code. Nick has a number of benchmarks for the main zstd code in his lib/zstd commit: I ran the benchmarks on a Ubuntu 14.04 VM with 2 cores and 4 GiB of RAM. The VM is running on a MacBook Pro with a 3.1 GHz Intel Core i7 processor, 16 GB of RAM, and a SSD. I benchmarked using `silesia.tar` [3], which is 211,988,480 B large. Run the following commands for the benchmark: sudo modprobe zstd_compress_test sudo mknod zstd_compress_test c 245 0 sudo cp silesia.tar zstd_compress_test The time is reported by the time of the userland `cp`. The MB/s is computed with 1,536,217,008 B / time(buffer size, hash) which includes the time to copy from userland. The Adjusted MB/s is computed with 1,536,217,088 B / (time(buffer size, hash) - time(buffer size, none)). The memory reported is the amount of memory the compressor requests. | Method | Size (B) | Time (s) | Ratio | MB/s | Adj MB/s | Mem (MB) | |----------|----------|----------|-------|---------|----------|----------| | none | 11988480 | 0.100 | 1 | 2119.88 | - | - | | zstd -1 | 73645762 | 1.044 | 2.878 | 203.05 | 224.56 | 1.23 | | zstd -3 | 66988878 | 1.761 | 3.165 | 120.38 | 127.63 | 2.47 | | zstd -5 | 65001259 | 2.563 | 3.261 | 82.71 | 86.07 | 2.86 | | zstd -10 | 60165346 | 13.242 | 3.523 | 16.01 | 16.13 | 13.22 | | zstd -15 | 58009756 | 47.601 | 3.654 | 4.45 | 4.46 | 21.61 | | zstd -19 | 54014593 | 102.835 | 3.925 | 2.06 | 2.06 | 60.15 | | zlib -1 | 77260026 | 2.895 | 2.744 | 73.23 | 75.85 | 0.27 | | zlib -3 | 72972206 | 4.116 | 2.905 | 51.50 | 52.79 | 0.27 | | zlib -6 | 68190360 | 9.633 | 3.109 | 22.01 | 22.24 | 0.27 | | zlib -9 | 67613382 | 22.554 | 3.135 | 9.40 | 9.44 | 0.27 | I benchmarked zstd decompression using the same method on the same machine. The benchmark file is located in the upstream zstd repo under `contrib/linux-kernel/zstd_decompress_test.c` [4]. The memory reported is the amount of memory required to decompress data compressed with the given compression level. If you know the maximum size of your input, you can reduce the memory usage of decompression irrespective of the compression level. | Method | Time (s) | MB/s | Adjusted MB/s | Memory (MB) | |----------|----------|---------|---------------|-------------| | none | 0.025 | 8479.54 | - | - | | zstd -1 | 0.358 | 592.15 | 636.60 | 0.84 | | zstd -3 | 0.396 | 535.32 | 571.40 | 1.46 | | zstd -5 | 0.396 | 535.32 | 571.40 | 1.46 | | zstd -10 | 0.374 | 566.81 | 607.42 | 2.51 | | zstd -15 | 0.379 | 559.34 | 598.84 | 4.61 | | zstd -19 | 0.412 | 514.54 | 547.77 | 8.80 | | zlib -1 | 0.940 | 225.52 | 231.68 | 0.04 | | zlib -3 | 0.883 | 240.08 | 247.07 | 0.04 | | zlib -6 | 0.844 | 251.17 | 258.84 | 0.04 | | zlib -9 | 0.837 | 253.27 | 287.64 | 0.04 | I ran a long series of tests and benchmarks on the btrfs side and the gains are very similar to the core benchmarks Nick ran" * 'zstd-minimal' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mason/linux-btrfs: squashfs: Add zstd support btrfs: Add zstd support lib: Add zstd modules lib: Add xxhash module
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