path: root/mm/backing-dev.c
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authorMichal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>2016-05-20 16:57:00 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2016-05-20 17:58:30 -0700
commit0a0337e0d1d134465778a16f5cbea95086e8e9e0 (patch)
tree9ad66db1af93fe7c6482b30ab5c3b4f3ce0e648f /mm/backing-dev.c
parentmm, compaction: abstract compaction feedback to helpers (diff)
mm, oom: rework oom detection
__alloc_pages_slowpath has traditionally relied on the direct reclaim and did_some_progress as an indicator that it makes sense to retry allocation rather than declaring OOM. shrink_zones had to rely on zone_reclaimable if shrink_zone didn't make any progress to prevent from a premature OOM killer invocation - the LRU might be full of dirty or writeback pages and direct reclaim cannot clean those up. zone_reclaimable allows to rescan the reclaimable lists several times and restart if a page is freed. This is really subtle behavior and it might lead to a livelock when a single freed page keeps allocator looping but the current task will not be able to allocate that single page. OOM killer would be more appropriate than looping without any progress for unbounded amount of time. This patch changes OOM detection logic and pulls it out from shrink_zone which is too low to be appropriate for any high level decisions such as OOM which is per zonelist property. It is __alloc_pages_slowpath which knows how many attempts have been done and what was the progress so far therefore it is more appropriate to implement this logic. The new heuristic is implemented in should_reclaim_retry helper called from __alloc_pages_slowpath. It tries to be more deterministic and easier to follow. It builds on an assumption that retrying makes sense only if the currently reclaimable memory + free pages would allow the current allocation request to succeed (as per __zone_watermark_ok) at least for one zone in the usable zonelist. This alone wouldn't be sufficient, though, because the writeback might get stuck and reclaimable pages might be pinned for a really long time or even depend on the current allocation context. Therefore there is a backoff mechanism implemented which reduces the reclaim target after each reclaim round without any progress. This means that we should eventually converge to only NR_FREE_PAGES as the target and fail on the wmark check and proceed to OOM. The backoff is simple and linear with 1/16 of the reclaimable pages for each round without any progress. We are optimistic and reset counter for successful reclaim rounds. Costly high order pages mostly preserve their semantic and those without __GFP_REPEAT fail right away while those which have the flag set will back off after the amount of reclaimable pages reaches equivalent of the requested order. The only difference is that if there was no progress during the reclaim we rely on zone watermark check. This is more logical thing to do than previous 1<<order attempts which were a result of zone_reclaimable faking the progress. [vdavydov@virtuozzo.com: check classzone_idx for shrink_zone] [hannes@cmpxchg.org: separate the heuristic into should_reclaim_retry] [rientjes@google.com: use zone_page_state_snapshot for NR_FREE_PAGES] [rientjes@google.com: shrink_zones doesn't need to return anything] Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Acked-by: Hillf Danton <hillf.zj@alibaba-inc.com> Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@virtuozzo.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <js1304@gmail.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Cc: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
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