path: root/mm/backing-dev.c
diff options
authorMel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>2016-07-28 15:45:31 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2016-07-28 16:07:41 -0700
commit599d0c954f91d0689c9bb421b5bc04ea02437a41 (patch)
treee863ce685841e494bcb63e458739e0939ac684f6 /mm/backing-dev.c
parentmm, vmscan: move lru_lock to the node (diff)
mm, vmscan: move LRU lists to node
This moves the LRU lists from the zone to the node and related data such as counters, tracing, congestion tracking and writeback tracking. Unfortunately, due to reclaim and compaction retry logic, it is necessary to account for the number of LRU pages on both zone and node logic. Most reclaim logic is based on the node counters but the retry logic uses the zone counters which do not distinguish inactive and active sizes. It would be possible to leave the LRU counters on a per-zone basis but it's a heavier calculation across multiple cache lines that is much more frequent than the retry checks. Other than the LRU counters, this is mostly a mechanical patch but note that it introduces a number of anomalies. For example, the scans are per-zone but using per-node counters. We also mark a node as congested when a zone is congested. This causes weird problems that are fixed later but is easier to review. In the event that there is excessive overhead on 32-bit systems due to the nodes being on LRU then there are two potential solutions 1. Long-term isolation of highmem pages when reclaim is lowmem When pages are skipped, they are immediately added back onto the LRU list. If lowmem reclaim persisted for long periods of time, the same highmem pages get continually scanned. The idea would be that lowmem keeps those pages on a separate list until a reclaim for highmem pages arrives that splices the highmem pages back onto the LRU. It potentially could be implemented similar to the UNEVICTABLE list. That would reduce the skip rate with the potential corner case is that highmem pages have to be scanned and reclaimed to free lowmem slab pages. 2. Linear scan lowmem pages if the initial LRU shrink fails This will break LRU ordering but may be preferable and faster during memory pressure than skipping LRU pages. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1467970510-21195-4-git-send-email-mgorman@techsingularity.net Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Hillf Danton <hillf.zj@alibaba-inc.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to '')
1 files changed, 8 insertions, 7 deletions
diff --git a/mm/backing-dev.c b/mm/backing-dev.c
index ed173b8ae8f2..efe237742074 100644
--- a/mm/backing-dev.c
+++ b/mm/backing-dev.c
@@ -947,24 +947,24 @@ long congestion_wait(int sync, long timeout)
- * wait_iff_congested - Conditionally wait for a backing_dev to become uncongested or a zone to complete writes
- * @zone: A zone to check if it is heavily congested
+ * wait_iff_congested - Conditionally wait for a backing_dev to become uncongested or a pgdat to complete writes
+ * @pgdat: A pgdat to check if it is heavily congested
* @sync: SYNC or ASYNC IO
* @timeout: timeout in jiffies
* In the event of a congested backing_dev (any backing_dev) and the given
- * @zone has experienced recent congestion, this waits for up to @timeout
+ * @pgdat has experienced recent congestion, this waits for up to @timeout
* jiffies for either a BDI to exit congestion of the given @sync queue
* or a write to complete.
- * In the absence of zone congestion, cond_resched() is called to yield
+ * In the absence of pgdat congestion, cond_resched() is called to yield
* the processor if necessary but otherwise does not sleep.
* The return value is 0 if the sleep is for the full timeout. Otherwise,
* it is the number of jiffies that were still remaining when the function
* returned. return_value == timeout implies the function did not sleep.
-long wait_iff_congested(struct zone *zone, int sync, long timeout)
+long wait_iff_congested(struct pglist_data *pgdat, int sync, long timeout)
long ret;
unsigned long start = jiffies;
@@ -973,12 +973,13 @@ long wait_iff_congested(struct zone *zone, int sync, long timeout)
* If there is no congestion, or heavy congestion is not being
- * encountered in the current zone, yield if necessary instead
+ * encountered in the current pgdat, yield if necessary instead
* of sleeping on the congestion queue
if (atomic_read(&nr_wb_congested[sync]) == 0 ||
- !test_bit(ZONE_CONGESTED, &zone->flags)) {
+ !test_bit(PGDAT_CONGESTED, &pgdat->flags)) {
/* In case we scheduled, work out time remaining */
ret = timeout - (jiffies - start);
if (ret < 0)