path: root/mm/backing-dev.c
diff options
authorTheodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>2020-01-30 22:11:04 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2020-01-31 10:30:36 -0800
commit68f23b89067fdf187763e75a56087550624fdbee (patch)
tree370005a5666998fda920652c2ca97b1474cd1aa0 /mm/backing-dev.c
parentlib/test_bitmap: correct test data offsets for 32-bit (diff)
memcg: fix a crash in wb_workfn when a device disappears
Without memcg, there is a one-to-one mapping between the bdi and bdi_writeback structures. In this world, things are fairly straightforward; the first thing bdi_unregister() does is to shutdown the bdi_writeback structure (or wb), and part of that writeback ensures that no other work queued against the wb, and that the wb is fully drained. With memcg, however, there is a one-to-many relationship between the bdi and bdi_writeback structures; that is, there are multiple wb objects which can all point to a single bdi. There is a refcount which prevents the bdi object from being released (and hence, unregistered). So in theory, the bdi_unregister() *should* only get called once its refcount goes to zero (bdi_put will drop the refcount, and when it is zero, release_bdi gets called, which calls bdi_unregister). Unfortunately, del_gendisk() in block/gen_hd.c never got the memo about the Brave New memcg World, and calls bdi_unregister directly. It does this without informing the file system, or the memcg code, or anything else. This causes the root wb associated with the bdi to be unregistered, but none of the memcg-specific wb's are shutdown. So when one of these wb's are woken up to do delayed work, they try to dereference their wb->bdi->dev to fetch the device name, but unfortunately bdi->dev is now NULL, thanks to the bdi_unregister() called by del_gendisk(). As a result, *boom*. Fortunately, it looks like the rest of the writeback path is perfectly happy with bdi->dev and bdi->owner being NULL, so the simplest fix is to create a bdi_dev_name() function which can handle bdi->dev being NULL. This also allows us to bulletproof the writeback tracepoints to prevent them from dereferencing a NULL pointer and crashing the kernel if one is tracing with memcg's enabled, and an iSCSI device dies or a USB storage stick is pulled. The most common way of triggering this will be hotremoval of a device while writeback with memcg enabled is going on. It was triggering several times a day in a heavily loaded production environment. Google Bug Id: 145475544 Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20191227194829.150110-1-tytso@mit.edu Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191228005211.163952-1-tytso@mit.edu Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: Chris Mason <clm@fb.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to '')
1 files changed, 1 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/mm/backing-dev.c b/mm/backing-dev.c
index c360f6a6c844..62f05f605fb5 100644
--- a/mm/backing-dev.c
+++ b/mm/backing-dev.c
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@ struct backing_dev_info noop_backing_dev_info = {
static struct class *bdi_class;
+const char *bdi_unknown_name = "(unknown)";
* bdi_lock protects bdi_tree and updates to bdi_list. bdi_list has RCU