path: root/mm/memory_hotplug.c
diff options
authorDavid Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>2019-11-30 17:54:17 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2019-12-01 12:59:05 -0800
commitc5e79ef561b0292fa4448d3ea5de6430143b9f70 (patch)
tree87d25252816ed44cb0a6bd6232b139b980cd7197 /mm/memory_hotplug.c
parentdrivers/base/memory.c: drop the mem_sysfs_mutex (diff)
mm/memory_hotplug.c: don't allow to online/offline memory blocks with holes
Our onlining/offlining code is unnecessarily complicated. Only memory blocks added during boot can have holes (a range that is not IORESOURCE_SYSTEM_RAM). Hotplugged memory never has holes (e.g., see add_memory_resource()). All memory blocks that belong to boot memory are already online. Note that boot memory can have holes and the memmap of the holes is marked PG_reserved. However, also memory allocated early during boot is PG_reserved - basically every page of boot memory that is not given to the buddy is PG_reserved. Therefore, when we stop allowing to offline memory blocks with holes, we implicitly no longer have to deal with onlining memory blocks with holes. E.g., online_pages() will do a walk_system_ram_range(..., online_pages_range), whereby online_pages_range() will effectively only free the memory holes not falling into a hole to the buddy. The other pages (holes) are kept PG_reserved (via move_pfn_range_to_zone()->memmap_init_zone()). This allows to simplify the code. For example, we no longer have to worry about marking pages that fall into memory holes PG_reserved when onlining memory. We can stop setting pages PG_reserved completely in memmap_init_zone(). Offlining memory blocks added during boot is usually not guaranteed to work either way (unmovable data might have easily ended up on that memory during boot). So stopping to do that should not really hurt. Also, people are not even aware of a setup where onlining/offlining of memory blocks with holes used to work reliably (see [1] and [2] especially regarding the hotplug path) - I doubt it worked reliably. For the use case of offlining memory to unplug DIMMs, we should see no change. (holes on DIMMs would be weird). Please note that hardware errors (PG_hwpoison) are not memory holes and are not affected by this change when offlining. [1] https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/10/22/135 [2] https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/8/14/1365 Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191119115237.6662-1-david@redhat.com Reviewed-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de> Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Cc: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com> Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <nao.horiguchi@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to '')
1 files changed, 26 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
index 84ab3298cce9..fee3bacdd700 100644
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -1485,10 +1485,19 @@ static void node_states_clear_node(int node, struct memory_notify *arg)
node_clear_state(node, N_MEMORY);
+static int count_system_ram_pages_cb(unsigned long start_pfn,
+ unsigned long nr_pages, void *data)
+ unsigned long *nr_system_ram_pages = data;
+ *nr_system_ram_pages += nr_pages;
+ return 0;
static int __ref __offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn,
unsigned long end_pfn)
- unsigned long pfn, nr_pages;
+ unsigned long pfn, nr_pages = 0;
unsigned long offlined_pages = 0;
int ret, node, nr_isolate_pageblock;
unsigned long flags;
@@ -1499,6 +1508,22 @@ static int __ref __offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn,
+ /*
+ * Don't allow to offline memory blocks that contain holes.
+ * Consequently, memory blocks with holes can never get onlined
+ * via the hotplug path - online_pages() - as hotplugged memory has
+ * no holes. This way, we e.g., don't have to worry about marking
+ * memory holes PG_reserved, don't need pfn_valid() checks, and can
+ * avoid using walk_system_ram_range() later.
+ */
+ walk_system_ram_range(start_pfn, end_pfn - start_pfn, &nr_pages,
+ count_system_ram_pages_cb);
+ if (nr_pages != end_pfn - start_pfn) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ reason = "memory holes";
+ goto failed_removal;
+ }
/* This makes hotplug much easier...and readable.
we assume this for now. .*/
if (!test_pages_in_a_zone(start_pfn, end_pfn, &valid_start,
@@ -1510,7 +1535,6 @@ static int __ref __offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn,
zone = page_zone(pfn_to_page(valid_start));
node = zone_to_nid(zone);
- nr_pages = end_pfn - start_pfn;
/* set above range as isolated */
ret = start_isolate_page_range(start_pfn, end_pfn,