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authorDavid Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>2019-09-04 12:54:22 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2019-09-28 14:05:38 -0700
commitb39d0ee2632d2f4fb180e8e4eba33736283f23de (patch)
tree624651ef41b223a7846d46b68c67b0cfec20d306 /mm/mempolicy.c
parentRevert "Revert "Revert "mm, thp: consolidate THP gfp handling into alloc_hugepage_direct_gfpmask"" (diff)
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mm, page_alloc: avoid expensive reclaim when compaction may not succeed
Memory compaction has a couple significant drawbacks as the allocation order increases, specifically: - isolate_freepages() is responsible for finding free pages to use as migration targets and is implemented as a linear scan of memory starting at the end of a zone, - failing order-0 watermark checks in memory compaction does not account for how far below the watermarks the zone actually is: to enable migration, there must be *some* free memory available. Per the above, watermarks are not always suffficient if isolate_freepages() cannot find the free memory but it could require hundreds of MBs of reclaim to even reach this threshold (read: potentially very expensive reclaim with no indication compaction can be successful), and - if compaction at this order has failed recently so that it does not even run as a result of deferred compaction, looping through reclaim can often be pointless. For hugepage allocations, these are quite substantial drawbacks because these are very high order allocations (order-9 on x86) and falling back to doing reclaim can potentially be *very* expensive without any indication that compaction would even be successful. Reclaim itself is unlikely to free entire pageblocks and certainly no reliance should be put on it to do so in isolation (recall lumpy reclaim). This means we should avoid reclaim and simply fail hugepage allocation if compaction is deferred. It is also not helpful to thrash a zone by doing excessive reclaim if compaction may not be able to access that memory. If order-0 watermarks fail and the allocation order is sufficiently large, it is likely better to fail the allocation rather than thrashing the zone. Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Stefan Priebe - Profihost AG <s.priebe@profihost.ag> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
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