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authorNick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>2008-07-25 19:45:30 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2008-07-26 12:00:06 -0700
commite286781d5f2e9c846e012a39653a166e9d31777d (patch)
tree14958fe6d8f3e0459c96c68b3034ea2433ab85ac /mm/vmscan.c
parentradix-tree: add gang_lookup_slot, gang_lookup_slot_tag (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-e286781d5f2e9c846e012a39653a166e9d31777d.tar.xz
linux-dev-e286781d5f2e9c846e012a39653a166e9d31777d.zip
mm: speculative page references
If we can be sure that elevating the page_count on a pagecache page will pin it, we can speculatively run this operation, and subsequently check to see if we hit the right page rather than relying on holding a lock or otherwise pinning a reference to the page. This can be done if get_page/put_page behaves consistently throughout the whole tree (ie. if we "get" the page after it has been used for something else, we must be able to free it with a put_page). Actually, there is a period where the count behaves differently: when the page is free or if it is a constituent page of a compound page. We need an atomic_inc_not_zero operation to ensure we don't try to grab the page in either case. This patch introduces the core locking protocol to the pagecache (ie. adds page_cache_get_speculative, and tweaks some update-side code to make it work). Thanks to Hugh for pointing out an improvement to the algorithm setting page_count to zero when we have control of all references, in order to hold off speculative getters. [kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com: fix migration_entry_wait()] [hugh@veritas.com: fix add_to_page_cache] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: repair a comment] Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Jeff Garzik <jeff@garzik.org> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@us.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Signed-off-by: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp> Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Acked-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to '')
-rw-r--r--mm/vmscan.c74
1 files changed, 54 insertions, 20 deletions
diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
index 26672c6cd3ce..0075eac1cd04 100644
--- a/mm/vmscan.c
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c
@@ -391,12 +391,10 @@ static pageout_t pageout(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
}
/*
- * Attempt to detach a locked page from its ->mapping. If it is dirty or if
- * someone else has a ref on the page, abort and return 0. If it was
- * successfully detached, return 1. Assumes the caller has a single ref on
- * this page.
+ * Same as remove_mapping, but if the page is removed from the mapping, it
+ * gets returned with a refcount of 0.
*/
-int remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page)
+static int __remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page)
{
BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
BUG_ON(mapping != page_mapping(page));
@@ -427,24 +425,24 @@ int remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page)
* Note that if SetPageDirty is always performed via set_page_dirty,
* and thus under tree_lock, then this ordering is not required.
*/
- if (unlikely(page_count(page) != 2))
+ if (!page_freeze_refs(page, 2))
goto cannot_free;
- smp_rmb();
- if (unlikely(PageDirty(page)))
+ /* note: atomic_cmpxchg in page_freeze_refs provides the smp_rmb */
+ if (unlikely(PageDirty(page))) {
+ page_unfreeze_refs(page, 2);
goto cannot_free;
+ }
if (PageSwapCache(page)) {
swp_entry_t swap = { .val = page_private(page) };
__delete_from_swap_cache(page);
write_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
swap_free(swap);
- __put_page(page); /* The pagecache ref */
- return 1;
+ } else {
+ __remove_from_page_cache(page);
+ write_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
}
- __remove_from_page_cache(page);
- write_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
- __put_page(page);
return 1;
cannot_free:
@@ -453,6 +451,26 @@ cannot_free:
}
/*
+ * Attempt to detach a locked page from its ->mapping. If it is dirty or if
+ * someone else has a ref on the page, abort and return 0. If it was
+ * successfully detached, return 1. Assumes the caller has a single ref on
+ * this page.
+ */
+int remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page)
+{
+ if (__remove_mapping(mapping, page)) {
+ /*
+ * Unfreezing the refcount with 1 rather than 2 effectively
+ * drops the pagecache ref for us without requiring another
+ * atomic operation.
+ */
+ page_unfreeze_refs(page, 1);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
* shrink_page_list() returns the number of reclaimed pages
*/
static unsigned long shrink_page_list(struct list_head *page_list,
@@ -598,18 +616,34 @@ static unsigned long shrink_page_list(struct list_head *page_list,
if (PagePrivate(page)) {
if (!try_to_release_page(page, sc->gfp_mask))
goto activate_locked;
- if (!mapping && page_count(page) == 1)
- goto free_it;
+ if (!mapping && page_count(page) == 1) {
+ unlock_page(page);
+ if (put_page_testzero(page))
+ goto free_it;
+ else {
+ /*
+ * rare race with speculative reference.
+ * the speculative reference will free
+ * this page shortly, so we may
+ * increment nr_reclaimed here (and
+ * leave it off the LRU).
+ */
+ nr_reclaimed++;
+ continue;
+ }
+ }
}
- if (!mapping || !remove_mapping(mapping, page))
+ if (!mapping || !__remove_mapping(mapping, page))
goto keep_locked;
-free_it:
unlock_page(page);
+free_it:
nr_reclaimed++;
- if (!pagevec_add(&freed_pvec, page))
- __pagevec_release_nonlru(&freed_pvec);
+ if (!pagevec_add(&freed_pvec, page)) {
+ __pagevec_free(&freed_pvec);
+ pagevec_reinit(&freed_pvec);
+ }
continue;
activate_locked:
@@ -623,7 +657,7 @@ keep:
}
list_splice(&ret_pages, page_list);
if (pagevec_count(&freed_pvec))
- __pagevec_release_nonlru(&freed_pvec);
+ __pagevec_free(&freed_pvec);
count_vm_events(PGACTIVATE, pgactivate);
return nr_reclaimed;
}