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authorEric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>2011-03-04 14:33:59 -0800
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2011-03-04 14:33:59 -0800
commit65e8354ec13a45414045084166cb340c0d7ffe8a (patch)
tree3a7d8b63a3765343c07d6f878b4ef389041da6f0 /net/ipv4/inetpeer.c
parentMerge branch 'for-davem' of ssh://master.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/linville/wireless-next-2.6 (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-65e8354ec13a45414045084166cb340c0d7ffe8a.tar.xz
linux-dev-65e8354ec13a45414045084166cb340c0d7ffe8a.zip
inetpeer: seqlock optimization
David noticed : ------------------ Eric, I was profiling the non-routing-cache case and something that stuck out is the case of calling inet_getpeer() with create==0. If an entry is not found, we have to redo the lookup under a spinlock to make certain that a concurrent writer rebalancing the tree does not "hide" an existing entry from us. This makes the case of a create==0 lookup for a not-present entry really expensive. It is on the order of 600 cpu cycles on my Niagara2. I added a hack to not do the relookup under the lock when create==0 and it now costs less than 300 cycles. This is now a pretty common operation with the way we handle COW'd metrics, so I think it's definitely worth optimizing. ----------------- One solution is to use a seqlock instead of a spinlock to protect struct inet_peer_base. After a failed avl tree lookup, we can easily detect if a writer did some changes during our lookup. Taking the lock and redo the lookup is only necessary in this case. Note: Add one private rcu_deref_locked() macro to place in one spot the access to spinlock included in seqlock. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'net/ipv4/inetpeer.c')
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/inetpeer.c75
1 files changed, 35 insertions, 40 deletions
diff --git a/net/ipv4/inetpeer.c b/net/ipv4/inetpeer.c
index 48f8d4592ccd..f604ffdbea27 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/inetpeer.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/inetpeer.c
@@ -81,19 +81,19 @@ static const struct inet_peer peer_fake_node = {
struct inet_peer_base {
struct inet_peer __rcu *root;
- spinlock_t lock;
+ seqlock_t lock;
int total;
};
static struct inet_peer_base v4_peers = {
.root = peer_avl_empty_rcu,
- .lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(v4_peers.lock),
+ .lock = __SEQLOCK_UNLOCKED(v4_peers.lock),
.total = 0,
};
static struct inet_peer_base v6_peers = {
.root = peer_avl_empty_rcu,
- .lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(v6_peers.lock),
+ .lock = __SEQLOCK_UNLOCKED(v6_peers.lock),
.total = 0,
};
@@ -177,6 +177,9 @@ static int addr_compare(const struct inetpeer_addr *a,
return 0;
}
+#define rcu_deref_locked(X, BASE) \
+ rcu_dereference_protected(X, lockdep_is_held(&(BASE)->lock.lock))
+
/*
* Called with local BH disabled and the pool lock held.
*/
@@ -187,8 +190,7 @@ static int addr_compare(const struct inetpeer_addr *a,
\
stackptr = _stack; \
*stackptr++ = &_base->root; \
- for (u = rcu_dereference_protected(_base->root, \
- lockdep_is_held(&_base->lock)); \
+ for (u = rcu_deref_locked(_base->root, _base); \
u != peer_avl_empty; ) { \
int cmp = addr_compare(_daddr, &u->daddr); \
if (cmp == 0) \
@@ -198,8 +200,7 @@ static int addr_compare(const struct inetpeer_addr *a,
else \
v = &u->avl_right; \
*stackptr++ = v; \
- u = rcu_dereference_protected(*v, \
- lockdep_is_held(&_base->lock)); \
+ u = rcu_deref_locked(*v, _base); \
} \
u; \
})
@@ -246,13 +247,11 @@ static struct inet_peer *lookup_rcu_bh(const struct inetpeer_addr *daddr,
struct inet_peer __rcu **v; \
*stackptr++ = &start->avl_left; \
v = &start->avl_left; \
- for (u = rcu_dereference_protected(*v, \
- lockdep_is_held(&base->lock)); \
+ for (u = rcu_deref_locked(*v, base); \
u->avl_right != peer_avl_empty_rcu; ) { \
v = &u->avl_right; \
*stackptr++ = v; \
- u = rcu_dereference_protected(*v, \
- lockdep_is_held(&base->lock)); \
+ u = rcu_deref_locked(*v, base); \
} \
u; \
})
@@ -271,21 +270,16 @@ static void peer_avl_rebalance(struct inet_peer __rcu **stack[],
while (stackend > stack) {
nodep = *--stackend;
- node = rcu_dereference_protected(*nodep,
- lockdep_is_held(&base->lock));
- l = rcu_dereference_protected(node->avl_left,
- lockdep_is_held(&base->lock));
- r = rcu_dereference_protected(node->avl_right,
- lockdep_is_held(&base->lock));
+ node = rcu_deref_locked(*nodep, base);
+ l = rcu_deref_locked(node->avl_left, base);
+ r = rcu_deref_locked(node->avl_right, base);
lh = node_height(l);
rh = node_height(r);
if (lh > rh + 1) { /* l: RH+2 */
struct inet_peer *ll, *lr, *lrl, *lrr;
int lrh;
- ll = rcu_dereference_protected(l->avl_left,
- lockdep_is_held(&base->lock));
- lr = rcu_dereference_protected(l->avl_right,
- lockdep_is_held(&base->lock));
+ ll = rcu_deref_locked(l->avl_left, base);
+ lr = rcu_deref_locked(l->avl_right, base);
lrh = node_height(lr);
if (lrh <= node_height(ll)) { /* ll: RH+1 */
RCU_INIT_POINTER(node->avl_left, lr); /* lr: RH or RH+1 */
@@ -296,10 +290,8 @@ static void peer_avl_rebalance(struct inet_peer __rcu **stack[],
l->avl_height = node->avl_height + 1;
RCU_INIT_POINTER(*nodep, l);
} else { /* ll: RH, lr: RH+1 */
- lrl = rcu_dereference_protected(lr->avl_left,
- lockdep_is_held(&base->lock)); /* lrl: RH or RH-1 */
- lrr = rcu_dereference_protected(lr->avl_right,
- lockdep_is_held(&base->lock)); /* lrr: RH or RH-1 */
+ lrl = rcu_deref_locked(lr->avl_left, base);/* lrl: RH or RH-1 */
+ lrr = rcu_deref_locked(lr->avl_right, base);/* lrr: RH or RH-1 */
RCU_INIT_POINTER(node->avl_left, lrr); /* lrr: RH or RH-1 */
RCU_INIT_POINTER(node->avl_right, r); /* r: RH */
node->avl_height = rh + 1; /* node: RH+1 */
@@ -314,10 +306,8 @@ static void peer_avl_rebalance(struct inet_peer __rcu **stack[],
} else if (rh > lh + 1) { /* r: LH+2 */
struct inet_peer *rr, *rl, *rlr, *rll;
int rlh;
- rr = rcu_dereference_protected(r->avl_right,
- lockdep_is_held(&base->lock));
- rl = rcu_dereference_protected(r->avl_left,
- lockdep_is_held(&base->lock));
+ rr = rcu_deref_locked(r->avl_right, base);
+ rl = rcu_deref_locked(r->avl_left, base);
rlh = node_height(rl);
if (rlh <= node_height(rr)) { /* rr: LH+1 */
RCU_INIT_POINTER(node->avl_right, rl); /* rl: LH or LH+1 */
@@ -328,10 +318,8 @@ static void peer_avl_rebalance(struct inet_peer __rcu **stack[],
r->avl_height = node->avl_height + 1;
RCU_INIT_POINTER(*nodep, r);
} else { /* rr: RH, rl: RH+1 */
- rlr = rcu_dereference_protected(rl->avl_right,
- lockdep_is_held(&base->lock)); /* rlr: LH or LH-1 */
- rll = rcu_dereference_protected(rl->avl_left,
- lockdep_is_held(&base->lock)); /* rll: LH or LH-1 */
+ rlr = rcu_deref_locked(rl->avl_right, base);/* rlr: LH or LH-1 */
+ rll = rcu_deref_locked(rl->avl_left, base);/* rll: LH or LH-1 */
RCU_INIT_POINTER(node->avl_right, rll); /* rll: LH or LH-1 */
RCU_INIT_POINTER(node->avl_left, l); /* l: LH */
node->avl_height = lh + 1; /* node: LH+1 */
@@ -372,7 +360,7 @@ static void unlink_from_pool(struct inet_peer *p, struct inet_peer_base *base)
do_free = 0;
- spin_lock_bh(&base->lock);
+ write_seqlock_bh(&base->lock);
/* Check the reference counter. It was artificially incremented by 1
* in cleanup() function to prevent sudden disappearing. If we can
* atomically (because of lockless readers) take this last reference,
@@ -392,8 +380,7 @@ static void unlink_from_pool(struct inet_peer *p, struct inet_peer_base *base)
/* look for a node to insert instead of p */
struct inet_peer *t;
t = lookup_rightempty(p, base);
- BUG_ON(rcu_dereference_protected(*stackptr[-1],
- lockdep_is_held(&base->lock)) != t);
+ BUG_ON(rcu_deref_locked(*stackptr[-1], base) != t);
**--stackptr = t->avl_left;
/* t is removed, t->daddr > x->daddr for any
* x in p->avl_left subtree.
@@ -409,7 +396,7 @@ static void unlink_from_pool(struct inet_peer *p, struct inet_peer_base *base)
base->total--;
do_free = 1;
}
- spin_unlock_bh(&base->lock);
+ write_sequnlock_bh(&base->lock);
if (do_free)
call_rcu_bh(&p->rcu, inetpeer_free_rcu);
@@ -477,12 +464,16 @@ struct inet_peer *inet_getpeer(struct inetpeer_addr *daddr, int create)
struct inet_peer __rcu **stack[PEER_MAXDEPTH], ***stackptr;
struct inet_peer_base *base = family_to_base(daddr->family);
struct inet_peer *p;
+ unsigned int sequence;
+ int invalidated;
/* Look up for the address quickly, lockless.
* Because of a concurrent writer, we might not find an existing entry.
*/
rcu_read_lock_bh();
+ sequence = read_seqbegin(&base->lock);
p = lookup_rcu_bh(daddr, base);
+ invalidated = read_seqretry(&base->lock, sequence);
rcu_read_unlock_bh();
if (p) {
@@ -493,14 +484,18 @@ struct inet_peer *inet_getpeer(struct inetpeer_addr *daddr, int create)
return p;
}
+ /* If no writer did a change during our lookup, we can return early. */
+ if (!create && !invalidated)
+ return NULL;
+
/* retry an exact lookup, taking the lock before.
* At least, nodes should be hot in our cache.
*/
- spin_lock_bh(&base->lock);
+ write_seqlock_bh(&base->lock);
p = lookup(daddr, stack, base);
if (p != peer_avl_empty) {
atomic_inc(&p->refcnt);
- spin_unlock_bh(&base->lock);
+ write_sequnlock_bh(&base->lock);
/* Remove the entry from unused list if it was there. */
unlink_from_unused(p);
return p;
@@ -524,7 +519,7 @@ struct inet_peer *inet_getpeer(struct inetpeer_addr *daddr, int create)
link_to_pool(p, base);
base->total++;
}
- spin_unlock_bh(&base->lock);
+ write_sequnlock_bh(&base->lock);
if (base->total >= inet_peer_threshold)
/* Remove one less-recently-used entry. */