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authorDaniel T. Lee <danieltimlee@gmail.com>2018-11-23 07:14:32 +0900
committerDaniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>2018-11-23 22:39:09 +0100
commit5a863813216ce79e16a8c1503b2543c528b778b6 (patch)
tree72fea5da76482d9ac423333018aa6868839d98ab /samples
parentlibbpf: make bpf_object__open default to UNSPEC (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-5a863813216ce79e16a8c1503b2543c528b778b6.tar.xz
linux-dev-5a863813216ce79e16a8c1503b2543c528b778b6.zip
samples: bpf: fix: error handling regarding kprobe_events
Currently, kprobe_events failure won't be handled properly. Due to calling system() indirectly to write to kprobe_events, it can't be identified whether an error is derived from kprobe or system. // buf = "echo '%c:%s %s' >> /s/k/d/t/kprobe_events" err = system(buf); if (err < 0) { printf("failed to create kprobe .."); return -1; } For example, running ./tracex7 sample in ext4 partition, "echo p:open_ctree open_ctree >> /s/k/d/t/kprobe_events" gets 256 error code system() failure. => The error comes from kprobe, but it's not handled correctly. According to man of system(3), it's return value just passes the termination status of the child shell rather than treating the error as -1. (don't care success) Which means, currently it's not working as desired. (According to the upper code snippet) ex) running ./tracex7 with ext4 env. # Current Output sh: echo: I/O error failed to open event open_ctree # Desired Output failed to create kprobe 'open_ctree' error 'No such file or directory' The problem is, error can't be verified whether from child ps or system. But using write() directly can verify the command failure, and it will treat all error as -1. So I suggest using write() directly to 'kprobe_events' rather than calling system(). Signed-off-by: Daniel T. Lee <danieltimlee@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'samples')
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/bpf_load.c33
1 files changed, 24 insertions, 9 deletions
diff --git a/samples/bpf/bpf_load.c b/samples/bpf/bpf_load.c
index 5c052b9ea63f..434ea34a5954 100644
--- a/samples/bpf/bpf_load.c
+++ b/samples/bpf/bpf_load.c
@@ -54,6 +54,23 @@ static int populate_prog_array(const char *event, int prog_fd)
return 0;
}
+static int write_kprobe_events(const char *val)
+{
+ int fd, ret, flags;
+
+ if ((val != NULL) && (val[0] == '\0'))
+ flags = O_WRONLY | O_TRUNC;
+ else
+ flags = O_WRONLY | O_APPEND;
+
+ fd = open("/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/kprobe_events", flags);
+
+ ret = write(fd, val, strlen(val));
+ close(fd);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
static int load_and_attach(const char *event, struct bpf_insn *prog, int size)
{
bool is_socket = strncmp(event, "socket", 6) == 0;
@@ -165,10 +182,9 @@ static int load_and_attach(const char *event, struct bpf_insn *prog, int size)
#ifdef __x86_64__
if (strncmp(event, "sys_", 4) == 0) {
- snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf),
- "echo '%c:__x64_%s __x64_%s' >> /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/kprobe_events",
- is_kprobe ? 'p' : 'r', event, event);
- err = system(buf);
+ snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%c:__x64_%s __x64_%s",
+ is_kprobe ? 'p' : 'r', event, event);
+ err = write_kprobe_events(buf);
if (err >= 0) {
need_normal_check = false;
event_prefix = "__x64_";
@@ -176,10 +192,9 @@ static int load_and_attach(const char *event, struct bpf_insn *prog, int size)
}
#endif
if (need_normal_check) {
- snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf),
- "echo '%c:%s %s' >> /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/kprobe_events",
- is_kprobe ? 'p' : 'r', event, event);
- err = system(buf);
+ snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%c:%s %s",
+ is_kprobe ? 'p' : 'r', event, event);
+ err = write_kprobe_events(buf);
if (err < 0) {
printf("failed to create kprobe '%s' error '%s'\n",
event, strerror(errno));
@@ -519,7 +534,7 @@ static int do_load_bpf_file(const char *path, fixup_map_cb fixup_map)
return 1;
/* clear all kprobes */
- i = system("echo \"\" > /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/kprobe_events");
+ i = write_kprobe_events("");
/* scan over all elf sections to get license and map info */
for (i = 1; i < ehdr.e_shnum; i++) {