path: root/sound/oss
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authorGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2017-11-01 15:07:57 +0100
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2017-11-02 11:10:55 +0100
commitb24413180f5600bcb3bb70fbed5cf186b60864bd (patch)
tree4ebcae0dab27ee8bfcecb9a5daf65353c6dd7ed6 /sound/oss
parentLinux 4.14-rc6 (diff)
License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license
Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license. By default all files without license information are under the default license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2. Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0' SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text. This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and Philippe Ombredanne. How this work was done: Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of the use cases: - file had no licensing information it it. - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it, - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information, Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords. The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files. The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s) to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was: - Files considered eligible had to be source code files. - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5 lines of source - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5 lines). All documentation files were explicitly excluded. The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license identifiers to apply. - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was considered to have no license information in it, and the top level COPYING file license applied. For non */uapi/* files that summary was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 11139 and resulted in the first patch in this series. If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930 and resulted in the second patch in this series. - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in it (per prior point). Results summary: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------ GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270 GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17 LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15 GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14 ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5 LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4 LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1 and that resulted in the third patch in this series. - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became the concluded license(s). - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a license but the other didn't, or they both detected different licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred. - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics). - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier, the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later in time. In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so they are related. Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks in about 15000 files. In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the correct identifier. Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch version early this week with: - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected license ids and scores - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+ files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the different types of files to be modified. These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to generate the patches. Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to '')
20 files changed, 20 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/sound/oss/Makefile b/sound/oss/Makefile
index 9bdbbde2173e..6564eace4749 100644
--- a/sound/oss/Makefile
+++ b/sound/oss/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
# Makefile for the Linux sound card driver
# 18 Apr 1998, Michael Elizabeth Chastain, <mailto:mec@shout.net>
diff --git a/sound/oss/ad1848.h b/sound/oss/ad1848.h
index b95ebe28d426..390f03e13d09 100644
--- a/sound/oss/ad1848.h
+++ b/sound/oss/ad1848.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
diff --git a/sound/oss/bin2hex.c b/sound/oss/bin2hex.c
index b59109eb0db4..26c04ce04d71 100644
--- a/sound/oss/bin2hex.c
+++ b/sound/oss/bin2hex.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
diff --git a/sound/oss/dmasound/dmasound.h b/sound/oss/dmasound/dmasound.h
index 01019f06fa91..c1c52b479da2 100644
--- a/sound/oss/dmasound/dmasound.h
+++ b/sound/oss/dmasound/dmasound.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _dmasound_h_
* linux/sound/oss/dmasound/dmasound.h
diff --git a/sound/oss/hex2hex.c b/sound/oss/hex2hex.c
index 041ef5c52bc2..f76d729b0196 100644
--- a/sound/oss/hex2hex.c
+++ b/sound/oss/hex2hex.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
* hex2hex reads stdin in Intel HEX format and produces an
* (unsigned char) array which contains the bytes and writes it
diff --git a/sound/oss/midi_ctrl.h b/sound/oss/midi_ctrl.h
index 3353e5a67c24..240d0c719f1e 100644
--- a/sound/oss/midi_ctrl.h
+++ b/sound/oss/midi_ctrl.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
static unsigned char ctrl_def_values[128] =
0x40,0x00,0x40,0x40, 0x40,0x40,0x40,0x7f, /* 0 to 7 */
diff --git a/sound/oss/midi_synth.h b/sound/oss/midi_synth.h
index b64ddd6c4abc..1cf676c7510e 100644
--- a/sound/oss/midi_synth.h
+++ b/sound/oss/midi_synth.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
int midi_synth_ioctl (int dev,
unsigned int cmd, void __user * arg);
int midi_synth_kill_note (int dev, int channel, int note, int velocity);
diff --git a/sound/oss/mpu401.h b/sound/oss/mpu401.h
index 0ad1e9ee74f7..6beb8c2ae405 100644
--- a/sound/oss/mpu401.h
+++ b/sound/oss/mpu401.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/* From uart401.c */
int probe_uart401 (struct address_info *hw_config, struct module *owner);
diff --git a/sound/oss/os.h b/sound/oss/os.h
index 0bf89e1d679c..16f3a069b85c 100644
--- a/sound/oss/os.h
+++ b/sound/oss/os.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
diff --git a/sound/oss/pas2.h b/sound/oss/pas2.h
index d19f757dbd79..57f476238309 100644
--- a/sound/oss/pas2.h
+++ b/sound/oss/pas2.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/* From pas_card.c */
int pas_set_intr(int mask);
diff --git a/sound/oss/sb.h b/sound/oss/sb.h
index 77e8891ce333..bb1d18709b36 100644
--- a/sound/oss/sb.h
+++ b/sound/oss/sb.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#define DSP_RESET (devc->base + 0x6)
#define DSP_READ (devc->base + 0xA)
#define DSP_WRITE (devc->base + 0xC)
diff --git a/sound/oss/sb_ess.c b/sound/oss/sb_ess.c
index 57f7d25a2cd3..17e3f14318cd 100644
--- a/sound/oss/sb_ess.c
+++ b/sound/oss/sb_ess.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#undef FKS_TEST
diff --git a/sound/oss/sb_ess.h b/sound/oss/sb_ess.h
index 38aa072e01f2..1c741212bcfc 100644
--- a/sound/oss/sb_ess.h
+++ b/sound/oss/sb_ess.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
* Created: 9-Jan-1999 Rolf Fokkens
diff --git a/sound/oss/sleep.h b/sound/oss/sleep.h
index a20fc925a5ce..fd17d44d13dd 100644
--- a/sound/oss/sleep.h
+++ b/sound/oss/sleep.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#include <linux/wait.h>
diff --git a/sound/oss/sound_calls.h b/sound/oss/sound_calls.h
index 87d8ad4a0340..bcd3f7340ef7 100644
--- a/sound/oss/sound_calls.h
+++ b/sound/oss/sound_calls.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
* DMA buffer calls
diff --git a/sound/oss/sound_firmware.h b/sound/oss/sound_firmware.h
index 2be465277ba0..ebcbded0e8c2 100644
--- a/sound/oss/sound_firmware.h
+++ b/sound/oss/sound_firmware.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#include <linux/fs.h>
diff --git a/sound/oss/tuning.h b/sound/oss/tuning.h
index a73e3dd39f9a..953539931237 100644
--- a/sound/oss/tuning.h
+++ b/sound/oss/tuning.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
static unsigned short semitone_tuning[24] =
/* 0 */ 10000, 10595, 11225, 11892, 12599, 13348, 14142, 14983,
diff --git a/sound/oss/ulaw.h b/sound/oss/ulaw.h
index 0ff8c0a3bda0..ee898a0f78ce 100644
--- a/sound/oss/ulaw.h
+++ b/sound/oss/ulaw.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
static unsigned char ulaw_dsp[] = {
3, 7, 11, 15, 19, 23, 27, 31,
35, 39, 43, 47, 51, 55, 59, 63,
diff --git a/sound/oss/v_midi.h b/sound/oss/v_midi.h
index 08e2185ee816..f4fc2bed07f8 100644
--- a/sound/oss/v_midi.h
+++ b/sound/oss/v_midi.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
typedef struct vmidi_devc {
int dev;
diff --git a/sound/oss/waveartist.h b/sound/oss/waveartist.h
index dac4ca910d95..f18d74b26483 100644
--- a/sound/oss/waveartist.h
+++ b/sound/oss/waveartist.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
* linux/sound/oss/waveartist.h