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authorAndrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>2019-07-06 11:06:24 -0700
committerDaniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>2019-07-08 15:35:43 +0200
commitfb84b8224655309e7d38f989e426b82a4543f115 (patch)
tree563183fc32d1afc4149e61e7423429d6fd1bd4f7 /tools
parentselftests/bpf: add test_tcp_rtt to .gitignore (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-fb84b8224655309e7d38f989e426b82a4543f115.tar.xz
linux-dev-fb84b8224655309e7d38f989e426b82a4543f115.zip
libbpf: add perf buffer API
BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERF_EVENT_ARRAY map is often used to send data from BPF program to user space for additional processing. libbpf already has very low-level API to read single CPU perf buffer, bpf_perf_event_read_simple(), but it's hard to use and requires a lot of code to set everything up. This patch adds perf_buffer abstraction on top of it, abstracting setting up and polling per-CPU logic into simple and convenient API, similar to what BCC provides. perf_buffer__new() sets up per-CPU ring buffers and updates corresponding BPF map entries. It accepts two user-provided callbacks: one for handling raw samples and one for get notifications of lost samples due to buffer overflow. perf_buffer__new_raw() is similar, but provides more control over how perf events are set up (by accepting user-provided perf_event_attr), how they are handled (perf_event_header pointer is passed directly to user-provided callback), and on which CPUs ring buffers are created (it's possible to provide a list of CPUs and corresponding map keys to update). This API allows advanced users fuller control. perf_buffer__poll() is used to fetch ring buffer data across all CPUs, utilizing epoll instance. perf_buffer__free() does corresponding clean up and unsets FDs from BPF map. All APIs are not thread-safe. User should ensure proper locking/coordination if used in multi-threaded set up. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Acked-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Diffstat (limited to '')
-rw-r--r--tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c366
-rw-r--r--tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h49
-rw-r--r--tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map4
3 files changed, 419 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
index 2a08eb106221..ae569b50e2e0 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
@@ -32,7 +32,9 @@
#include <linux/limits.h>
#include <linux/perf_event.h>
#include <linux/ring_buffer.h>
+#include <sys/epoll.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/vfs.h>
@@ -4354,6 +4356,370 @@ bpf_perf_event_read_simple(void *mmap_mem, size_t mmap_size, size_t page_size,
return ret;
}
+struct perf_buffer;
+
+struct perf_buffer_params {
+ struct perf_event_attr *attr;
+ /* if event_cb is specified, it takes precendence */
+ perf_buffer_event_fn event_cb;
+ /* sample_cb and lost_cb are higher-level common-case callbacks */
+ perf_buffer_sample_fn sample_cb;
+ perf_buffer_lost_fn lost_cb;
+ void *ctx;
+ int cpu_cnt;
+ int *cpus;
+ int *map_keys;
+};
+
+struct perf_cpu_buf {
+ struct perf_buffer *pb;
+ void *base; /* mmap()'ed memory */
+ void *buf; /* for reconstructing segmented data */
+ size_t buf_size;
+ int fd;
+ int cpu;
+ int map_key;
+};
+
+struct perf_buffer {
+ perf_buffer_event_fn event_cb;
+ perf_buffer_sample_fn sample_cb;
+ perf_buffer_lost_fn lost_cb;
+ void *ctx; /* passed into callbacks */
+
+ size_t page_size;
+ size_t mmap_size;
+ struct perf_cpu_buf **cpu_bufs;
+ struct epoll_event *events;
+ int cpu_cnt;
+ int epoll_fd; /* perf event FD */
+ int map_fd; /* BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERF_EVENT_ARRAY BPF map FD */
+};
+
+static void perf_buffer__free_cpu_buf(struct perf_buffer *pb,
+ struct perf_cpu_buf *cpu_buf)
+{
+ if (!cpu_buf)
+ return;
+ if (cpu_buf->base &&
+ munmap(cpu_buf->base, pb->mmap_size + pb->page_size))
+ pr_warning("failed to munmap cpu_buf #%d\n", cpu_buf->cpu);
+ if (cpu_buf->fd >= 0) {
+ ioctl(cpu_buf->fd, PERF_EVENT_IOC_DISABLE, 0);
+ close(cpu_buf->fd);
+ }
+ free(cpu_buf->buf);
+ free(cpu_buf);
+}
+
+void perf_buffer__free(struct perf_buffer *pb)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ if (!pb)
+ return;
+ if (pb->cpu_bufs) {
+ for (i = 0; i < pb->cpu_cnt && pb->cpu_bufs[i]; i++) {
+ struct perf_cpu_buf *cpu_buf = pb->cpu_bufs[i];
+
+ bpf_map_delete_elem(pb->map_fd, &cpu_buf->map_key);
+ perf_buffer__free_cpu_buf(pb, cpu_buf);
+ }
+ free(pb->cpu_bufs);
+ }
+ if (pb->epoll_fd >= 0)
+ close(pb->epoll_fd);
+ free(pb->events);
+ free(pb);
+}
+
+static struct perf_cpu_buf *
+perf_buffer__open_cpu_buf(struct perf_buffer *pb, struct perf_event_attr *attr,
+ int cpu, int map_key)
+{
+ struct perf_cpu_buf *cpu_buf;
+ char msg[STRERR_BUFSIZE];
+ int err;
+
+ cpu_buf = calloc(1, sizeof(*cpu_buf));
+ if (!cpu_buf)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ cpu_buf->pb = pb;
+ cpu_buf->cpu = cpu;
+ cpu_buf->map_key = map_key;
+
+ cpu_buf->fd = syscall(__NR_perf_event_open, attr, -1 /* pid */, cpu,
+ -1, PERF_FLAG_FD_CLOEXEC);
+ if (cpu_buf->fd < 0) {
+ err = -errno;
+ pr_warning("failed to open perf buffer event on cpu #%d: %s\n",
+ cpu, libbpf_strerror_r(err, msg, sizeof(msg)));
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ cpu_buf->base = mmap(NULL, pb->mmap_size + pb->page_size,
+ PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED,
+ cpu_buf->fd, 0);
+ if (cpu_buf->base == MAP_FAILED) {
+ cpu_buf->base = NULL;
+ err = -errno;
+ pr_warning("failed to mmap perf buffer on cpu #%d: %s\n",
+ cpu, libbpf_strerror_r(err, msg, sizeof(msg)));
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ if (ioctl(cpu_buf->fd, PERF_EVENT_IOC_ENABLE, 0) < 0) {
+ err = -errno;
+ pr_warning("failed to enable perf buffer event on cpu #%d: %s\n",
+ cpu, libbpf_strerror_r(err, msg, sizeof(msg)));
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ return cpu_buf;
+
+error:
+ perf_buffer__free_cpu_buf(pb, cpu_buf);
+ return (struct perf_cpu_buf *)ERR_PTR(err);
+}
+
+static struct perf_buffer *__perf_buffer__new(int map_fd, size_t page_cnt,
+ struct perf_buffer_params *p);
+
+struct perf_buffer *perf_buffer__new(int map_fd, size_t page_cnt,
+ const struct perf_buffer_opts *opts)
+{
+ struct perf_buffer_params p = {};
+ struct perf_event_attr attr = {
+ .config = PERF_COUNT_SW_BPF_OUTPUT,
+ .type = PERF_TYPE_SOFTWARE,
+ .sample_type = PERF_SAMPLE_RAW,
+ .sample_period = 1,
+ .wakeup_events = 1,
+ };
+
+ p.attr = &attr;
+ p.sample_cb = opts ? opts->sample_cb : NULL;
+ p.lost_cb = opts ? opts->lost_cb : NULL;
+ p.ctx = opts ? opts->ctx : NULL;
+
+ return __perf_buffer__new(map_fd, page_cnt, &p);
+}
+
+struct perf_buffer *
+perf_buffer__new_raw(int map_fd, size_t page_cnt,
+ const struct perf_buffer_raw_opts *opts)
+{
+ struct perf_buffer_params p = {};
+
+ p.attr = opts->attr;
+ p.event_cb = opts->event_cb;
+ p.ctx = opts->ctx;
+ p.cpu_cnt = opts->cpu_cnt;
+ p.cpus = opts->cpus;
+ p.map_keys = opts->map_keys;
+
+ return __perf_buffer__new(map_fd, page_cnt, &p);
+}
+
+static struct perf_buffer *__perf_buffer__new(int map_fd, size_t page_cnt,
+ struct perf_buffer_params *p)
+{
+ struct bpf_map_info map = {};
+ char msg[STRERR_BUFSIZE];
+ struct perf_buffer *pb;
+ __u32 map_info_len;
+ int err, i;
+
+ if (page_cnt & (page_cnt - 1)) {
+ pr_warning("page count should be power of two, but is %zu\n",
+ page_cnt);
+ return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+ }
+
+ map_info_len = sizeof(map);
+ err = bpf_obj_get_info_by_fd(map_fd, &map, &map_info_len);
+ if (err) {
+ err = -errno;
+ pr_warning("failed to get map info for map FD %d: %s\n",
+ map_fd, libbpf_strerror_r(err, msg, sizeof(msg)));
+ return ERR_PTR(err);
+ }
+
+ if (map.type != BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERF_EVENT_ARRAY) {
+ pr_warning("map '%s' should be BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERF_EVENT_ARRAY\n",
+ map.name);
+ return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+ }
+
+ pb = calloc(1, sizeof(*pb));
+ if (!pb)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ pb->event_cb = p->event_cb;
+ pb->sample_cb = p->sample_cb;
+ pb->lost_cb = p->lost_cb;
+ pb->ctx = p->ctx;
+
+ pb->page_size = getpagesize();
+ pb->mmap_size = pb->page_size * page_cnt;
+ pb->map_fd = map_fd;
+
+ pb->epoll_fd = epoll_create1(EPOLL_CLOEXEC);
+ if (pb->epoll_fd < 0) {
+ err = -errno;
+ pr_warning("failed to create epoll instance: %s\n",
+ libbpf_strerror_r(err, msg, sizeof(msg)));
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ if (p->cpu_cnt > 0) {
+ pb->cpu_cnt = p->cpu_cnt;
+ } else {
+ pb->cpu_cnt = libbpf_num_possible_cpus();
+ if (pb->cpu_cnt < 0) {
+ err = pb->cpu_cnt;
+ goto error;
+ }
+ if (map.max_entries < pb->cpu_cnt)
+ pb->cpu_cnt = map.max_entries;
+ }
+
+ pb->events = calloc(pb->cpu_cnt, sizeof(*pb->events));
+ if (!pb->events) {
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ pr_warning("failed to allocate events: out of memory\n");
+ goto error;
+ }
+ pb->cpu_bufs = calloc(pb->cpu_cnt, sizeof(*pb->cpu_bufs));
+ if (!pb->cpu_bufs) {
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ pr_warning("failed to allocate buffers: out of memory\n");
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < pb->cpu_cnt; i++) {
+ struct perf_cpu_buf *cpu_buf;
+ int cpu, map_key;
+
+ cpu = p->cpu_cnt > 0 ? p->cpus[i] : i;
+ map_key = p->cpu_cnt > 0 ? p->map_keys[i] : i;
+
+ cpu_buf = perf_buffer__open_cpu_buf(pb, p->attr, cpu, map_key);
+ if (IS_ERR(cpu_buf)) {
+ err = PTR_ERR(cpu_buf);
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ pb->cpu_bufs[i] = cpu_buf;
+
+ err = bpf_map_update_elem(pb->map_fd, &map_key,
+ &cpu_buf->fd, 0);
+ if (err) {
+ err = -errno;
+ pr_warning("failed to set cpu #%d, key %d -> perf FD %d: %s\n",
+ cpu, map_key, cpu_buf->fd,
+ libbpf_strerror_r(err, msg, sizeof(msg)));
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ pb->events[i].events = EPOLLIN;
+ pb->events[i].data.ptr = cpu_buf;
+ if (epoll_ctl(pb->epoll_fd, EPOLL_CTL_ADD, cpu_buf->fd,
+ &pb->events[i]) < 0) {
+ err = -errno;
+ pr_warning("failed to epoll_ctl cpu #%d perf FD %d: %s\n",
+ cpu, cpu_buf->fd,
+ libbpf_strerror_r(err, msg, sizeof(msg)));
+ goto error;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return pb;
+
+error:
+ if (pb)
+ perf_buffer__free(pb);
+ return ERR_PTR(err);
+}
+
+struct perf_sample_raw {
+ struct perf_event_header header;
+ uint32_t size;
+ char data[0];
+};
+
+struct perf_sample_lost {
+ struct perf_event_header header;
+ uint64_t id;
+ uint64_t lost;
+ uint64_t sample_id;
+};
+
+static enum bpf_perf_event_ret
+perf_buffer__process_record(struct perf_event_header *e, void *ctx)
+{
+ struct perf_cpu_buf *cpu_buf = ctx;
+ struct perf_buffer *pb = cpu_buf->pb;
+ void *data = e;
+
+ /* user wants full control over parsing perf event */
+ if (pb->event_cb)
+ return pb->event_cb(pb->ctx, cpu_buf->cpu, e);
+
+ switch (e->type) {
+ case PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE: {
+ struct perf_sample_raw *s = data;
+
+ if (pb->sample_cb)
+ pb->sample_cb(pb->ctx, cpu_buf->cpu, s->data, s->size);
+ break;
+ }
+ case PERF_RECORD_LOST: {
+ struct perf_sample_lost *s = data;
+
+ if (pb->lost_cb)
+ pb->lost_cb(pb->ctx, cpu_buf->cpu, s->lost);
+ break;
+ }
+ default:
+ pr_warning("unknown perf sample type %d\n", e->type);
+ return LIBBPF_PERF_EVENT_ERROR;
+ }
+ return LIBBPF_PERF_EVENT_CONT;
+}
+
+static int perf_buffer__process_records(struct perf_buffer *pb,
+ struct perf_cpu_buf *cpu_buf)
+{
+ enum bpf_perf_event_ret ret;
+
+ ret = bpf_perf_event_read_simple(cpu_buf->base, pb->mmap_size,
+ pb->page_size, &cpu_buf->buf,
+ &cpu_buf->buf_size,
+ perf_buffer__process_record, cpu_buf);
+ if (ret != LIBBPF_PERF_EVENT_CONT)
+ return ret;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int perf_buffer__poll(struct perf_buffer *pb, int timeout_ms)
+{
+ int i, cnt, err;
+
+ cnt = epoll_wait(pb->epoll_fd, pb->events, pb->cpu_cnt, timeout_ms);
+ for (i = 0; i < cnt; i++) {
+ struct perf_cpu_buf *cpu_buf = pb->events[i].data.ptr;
+
+ err = perf_buffer__process_records(pb, cpu_buf);
+ if (err) {
+ pr_warning("error while processing records: %d\n", err);
+ return err;
+ }
+ }
+ return cnt < 0 ? -errno : cnt;
+}
+
struct bpf_prog_info_array_desc {
int array_offset; /* e.g. offset of jited_prog_insns */
int count_offset; /* e.g. offset of jited_prog_len */
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h
index f55933784f95..5cbf459ece0b 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h
@@ -358,6 +358,26 @@ LIBBPF_API int bpf_prog_load(const char *file, enum bpf_prog_type type,
LIBBPF_API int bpf_set_link_xdp_fd(int ifindex, int fd, __u32 flags);
LIBBPF_API int bpf_get_link_xdp_id(int ifindex, __u32 *prog_id, __u32 flags);
+struct perf_buffer;
+
+typedef void (*perf_buffer_sample_fn)(void *ctx, int cpu,
+ void *data, __u32 size);
+typedef void (*perf_buffer_lost_fn)(void *ctx, int cpu, __u64 cnt);
+
+/* common use perf buffer options */
+struct perf_buffer_opts {
+ /* if specified, sample_cb is called for each sample */
+ perf_buffer_sample_fn sample_cb;
+ /* if specified, lost_cb is called for each batch of lost samples */
+ perf_buffer_lost_fn lost_cb;
+ /* ctx is provided to sample_cb and lost_cb */
+ void *ctx;
+};
+
+LIBBPF_API struct perf_buffer *
+perf_buffer__new(int map_fd, size_t page_cnt,
+ const struct perf_buffer_opts *opts);
+
enum bpf_perf_event_ret {
LIBBPF_PERF_EVENT_DONE = 0,
LIBBPF_PERF_EVENT_ERROR = -1,
@@ -365,6 +385,35 @@ enum bpf_perf_event_ret {
};
struct perf_event_header;
+
+typedef enum bpf_perf_event_ret
+(*perf_buffer_event_fn)(void *ctx, int cpu, struct perf_event_header *event);
+
+/* raw perf buffer options, giving most power and control */
+struct perf_buffer_raw_opts {
+ /* perf event attrs passed directly into perf_event_open() */
+ struct perf_event_attr *attr;
+ /* raw event callback */
+ perf_buffer_event_fn event_cb;
+ /* ctx is provided to event_cb */
+ void *ctx;
+ /* if cpu_cnt == 0, open all on all possible CPUs (up to the number of
+ * max_entries of given PERF_EVENT_ARRAY map)
+ */
+ int cpu_cnt;
+ /* if cpu_cnt > 0, cpus is an array of CPUs to open ring buffers on */
+ int *cpus;
+ /* if cpu_cnt > 0, map_keys specify map keys to set per-CPU FDs for */
+ int *map_keys;
+};
+
+LIBBPF_API struct perf_buffer *
+perf_buffer__new_raw(int map_fd, size_t page_cnt,
+ const struct perf_buffer_raw_opts *opts);
+
+LIBBPF_API void perf_buffer__free(struct perf_buffer *pb);
+LIBBPF_API int perf_buffer__poll(struct perf_buffer *pb, int timeout_ms);
+
typedef enum bpf_perf_event_ret
(*bpf_perf_event_print_t)(struct perf_event_header *hdr,
void *private_data);
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map
index e6b7d4edbc93..f9d316e873d8 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map
@@ -179,4 +179,8 @@ LIBBPF_0.0.4 {
btf_dump__new;
btf__parse_elf;
libbpf_num_possible_cpus;
+ perf_buffer__free;
+ perf_buffer__new;
+ perf_buffer__new_raw;
+ perf_buffer__poll;
} LIBBPF_0.0.3;