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-rw-r--r--Documentation/cgroups/blkio-controller.txt83
-rw-r--r--Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt1
-rw-r--r--block/bio.c35
-rw-r--r--block/blk-cgroup.c123
-rw-r--r--block/blk-core.c70
-rw-r--r--block/blk-integrity.c1
-rw-r--r--block/blk-sysfs.c3
-rw-r--r--block/blk-throttle.c2
-rw-r--r--block/bounce.c1
-rw-r--r--block/cfq-iosched.c2
-rw-r--r--block/elevator.c2
-rw-r--r--block/genhd.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/block/drbd/drbd_int.h1
-rw-r--r--drivers/block/drbd/drbd_main.c10
-rw-r--r--drivers/block/pktcdvd.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/char/raw.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/bcache/request.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/dm.c2
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/dm.h1
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/md.h1
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/raid1.c4
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/raid10.c2
-rw-r--r--drivers/mtd/devices/block2mtd.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/staging/lustre/lustre/include/linux/lustre_patchless_compat.h4
-rw-r--r--fs/9p/v9fs.c50
-rw-r--r--fs/9p/vfs_super.c8
-rw-r--r--fs/block_dev.c9
-rw-r--r--fs/buffer.c64
-rw-r--r--fs/ext2/super.c1
-rw-r--r--fs/ext4/extents.c1
-rw-r--r--fs/ext4/mballoc.c1
-rw-r--r--fs/ext4/super.c1
-rw-r--r--fs/f2fs/node.c4
-rw-r--r--fs/f2fs/segment.h3
-rw-r--r--fs/fat/file.c1
-rw-r--r--fs/fat/inode.c1
-rw-r--r--fs/fs-writeback.c1167
-rw-r--r--fs/fuse/file.c12
-rw-r--r--fs/gfs2/super.c2
-rw-r--r--fs/hfs/super.c1
-rw-r--r--fs/hfsplus/super.c1
-rw-r--r--fs/inode.c1
-rw-r--r--fs/mpage.c3
-rw-r--r--fs/nfs/filelayout/filelayout.c1
-rw-r--r--fs/nfs/internal.h2
-rw-r--r--fs/nfs/write.c3
-rw-r--r--fs/ocfs2/file.c1
-rw-r--r--fs/reiserfs/super.c1
-rw-r--r--fs/ufs/super.c1
-rw-r--r--fs/xfs/xfs_aops.c12
-rw-r--r--fs/xfs/xfs_file.c1
-rw-r--r--include/linux/backing-dev-defs.h255
-rw-r--r--include/linux/backing-dev.h557
-rw-r--r--include/linux/bio.h3
-rw-r--r--include/linux/blk-cgroup.h (renamed from block/blk-cgroup.h)32
-rw-r--r--include/linux/blkdev.h21
-rw-r--r--include/linux/cgroup.h25
-rw-r--r--include/linux/fs.h26
-rw-r--r--include/linux/memcontrol.h29
-rw-r--r--include/linux/mm.h8
-rw-r--r--include/linux/pagemap.h3
-rw-r--r--include/linux/writeback.h221
-rw-r--r--include/trace/events/writeback.h15
-rw-r--r--init/Kconfig5
-rw-r--r--mm/backing-dev.c634
-rw-r--r--mm/fadvise.c2
-rw-r--r--mm/filemap.c34
-rw-r--r--mm/madvise.c1
-rw-r--r--mm/memcontrol.c223
-rw-r--r--mm/page-writeback.c1231
-rw-r--r--mm/readahead.c2
-rw-r--r--mm/rmap.c2
-rw-r--r--mm/truncate.c18
-rw-r--r--mm/vmscan.c79
74 files changed, 3890 insertions, 1242 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/cgroups/blkio-controller.txt b/Documentation/cgroups/blkio-controller.txt
index cd556b914786..68b6a6a470b0 100644
--- a/Documentation/cgroups/blkio-controller.txt
+++ b/Documentation/cgroups/blkio-controller.txt
@@ -387,8 +387,81 @@ groups and put applications in that group which are not driving enough
IO to keep disk busy. In that case set group_idle=0, and CFQ will not idle
on individual groups and throughput should improve.
-What works
-==========
-- Currently only sync IO queues are support. All the buffered writes are
- still system wide and not per group. Hence we will not see service
- differentiation between buffered writes between groups.
+Writeback
+=========
+
+Page cache is dirtied through buffered writes and shared mmaps and
+written asynchronously to the backing filesystem by the writeback
+mechanism. Writeback sits between the memory and IO domains and
+regulates the proportion of dirty memory by balancing dirtying and
+write IOs.
+
+On traditional cgroup hierarchies, relationships between different
+controllers cannot be established making it impossible for writeback
+to operate accounting for cgroup resource restrictions and all
+writeback IOs are attributed to the root cgroup.
+
+If both the blkio and memory controllers are used on the v2 hierarchy
+and the filesystem supports cgroup writeback, writeback operations
+correctly follow the resource restrictions imposed by both memory and
+blkio controllers.
+
+Writeback examines both system-wide and per-cgroup dirty memory status
+and enforces the more restrictive of the two. Also, writeback control
+parameters which are absolute values - vm.dirty_bytes and
+vm.dirty_background_bytes - are distributed across cgroups according
+to their current writeback bandwidth.
+
+There's a peculiarity stemming from the discrepancy in ownership
+granularity between memory controller and writeback. While memory
+controller tracks ownership per page, writeback operates on inode
+basis. cgroup writeback bridges the gap by tracking ownership by
+inode but migrating ownership if too many foreign pages, pages which
+don't match the current inode ownership, have been encountered while
+writing back the inode.
+
+This is a conscious design choice as writeback operations are
+inherently tied to inodes making strictly following page ownership
+complicated and inefficient. The only use case which suffers from
+this compromise is multiple cgroups concurrently dirtying disjoint
+regions of the same inode, which is an unlikely use case and decided
+to be unsupported. Note that as memory controller assigns page
+ownership on the first use and doesn't update it until the page is
+released, even if cgroup writeback strictly follows page ownership,
+multiple cgroups dirtying overlapping areas wouldn't work as expected.
+In general, write-sharing an inode across multiple cgroups is not well
+supported.
+
+Filesystem support for cgroup writeback
+---------------------------------------
+
+A filesystem can make writeback IOs cgroup-aware by updating
+address_space_operations->writepage[s]() to annotate bio's using the
+following two functions.
+
+* wbc_init_bio(@wbc, @bio)
+
+ Should be called for each bio carrying writeback data and associates
+ the bio with the inode's owner cgroup. Can be called anytime
+ between bio allocation and submission.
+
+* wbc_account_io(@wbc, @page, @bytes)
+
+ Should be called for each data segment being written out. While
+ this function doesn't care exactly when it's called during the
+ writeback session, it's the easiest and most natural to call it as
+ data segments are added to a bio.
+
+With writeback bio's annotated, cgroup support can be enabled per
+super_block by setting MS_CGROUPWB in ->s_flags. This allows for
+selective disabling of cgroup writeback support which is helpful when
+certain filesystem features, e.g. journaled data mode, are
+incompatible.
+
+wbc_init_bio() binds the specified bio to its cgroup. Depending on
+the configuration, the bio may be executed at a lower priority and if
+the writeback session is holding shared resources, e.g. a journal
+entry, may lead to priority inversion. There is no one easy solution
+for the problem. Filesystems can try to work around specific problem
+cases by skipping wbc_init_bio() or using bio_associate_blkcg()
+directly.
diff --git a/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt b/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt
index f456b4315e86..ff71e16cc752 100644
--- a/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt
+++ b/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt
@@ -493,6 +493,7 @@ pgpgin - # of charging events to the memory cgroup. The charging
pgpgout - # of uncharging events to the memory cgroup. The uncharging
event happens each time a page is unaccounted from the cgroup.
swap - # of bytes of swap usage
+dirty - # of bytes that are waiting to get written back to the disk.
writeback - # of bytes of file/anon cache that are queued for syncing to
disk.
inactive_anon - # of bytes of anonymous and swap cache memory on inactive
diff --git a/block/bio.c b/block/bio.c
index 259197d97de1..2a00d349cd68 100644
--- a/block/bio.c
+++ b/block/bio.c
@@ -1988,6 +1988,28 @@ struct bio_set *bioset_create_nobvec(unsigned int pool_size, unsigned int front_
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bioset_create_nobvec);
#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP
+
+/**
+ * bio_associate_blkcg - associate a bio with the specified blkcg
+ * @bio: target bio
+ * @blkcg_css: css of the blkcg to associate
+ *
+ * Associate @bio with the blkcg specified by @blkcg_css. Block layer will
+ * treat @bio as if it were issued by a task which belongs to the blkcg.
+ *
+ * This function takes an extra reference of @blkcg_css which will be put
+ * when @bio is released. The caller must own @bio and is responsible for
+ * synchronizing calls to this function.
+ */
+int bio_associate_blkcg(struct bio *bio, struct cgroup_subsys_state *blkcg_css)
+{
+ if (unlikely(bio->bi_css))
+ return -EBUSY;
+ css_get(blkcg_css);
+ bio->bi_css = blkcg_css;
+ return 0;
+}
+
/**
* bio_associate_current - associate a bio with %current
* @bio: target bio
@@ -2004,26 +2026,17 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(bioset_create_nobvec);
int bio_associate_current(struct bio *bio)
{
struct io_context *ioc;
- struct cgroup_subsys_state *css;
- if (bio->bi_ioc)
+ if (bio->bi_css)
return -EBUSY;
ioc = current->io_context;
if (!ioc)
return -ENOENT;
- /* acquire active ref on @ioc and associate */
get_io_context_active(ioc);
bio->bi_ioc = ioc;
-
- /* associate blkcg if exists */
- rcu_read_lock();
- css = task_css(current, blkio_cgrp_id);
- if (css && css_tryget_online(css))
- bio->bi_css = css;
- rcu_read_unlock();
-
+ bio->bi_css = task_get_css(current, blkio_cgrp_id);
return 0;
}
diff --git a/block/blk-cgroup.c b/block/blk-cgroup.c
index 6e43fa355e71..9f97da52d006 100644
--- a/block/blk-cgroup.c
+++ b/block/blk-cgroup.c
@@ -19,11 +19,12 @@
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/genhd.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/atomic.h>
-#include "blk-cgroup.h"
+#include <linux/blk-cgroup.h>
#include "blk.h"
#define MAX_KEY_LEN 100
@@ -33,6 +34,8 @@ static DEFINE_MUTEX(blkcg_pol_mutex);
struct blkcg blkcg_root;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blkcg_root);
+struct cgroup_subsys_state * const blkcg_root_css = &blkcg_root.css;
+
static struct blkcg_policy *blkcg_policy[BLKCG_MAX_POLS];
static bool blkcg_policy_enabled(struct request_queue *q,
@@ -182,6 +185,7 @@ static struct blkcg_gq *blkg_create(struct blkcg *blkcg,
struct blkcg_gq *new_blkg)
{
struct blkcg_gq *blkg;
+ struct bdi_writeback_congested *wb_congested;
int i, ret;
WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held());
@@ -193,22 +197,30 @@ static struct blkcg_gq *blkg_create(struct blkcg *blkcg,
goto err_free_blkg;
}
+ wb_congested = wb_congested_get_create(&q->backing_dev_info,
+ blkcg->css.id, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ if (!wb_congested) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto err_put_css;
+ }
+
/* allocate */
if (!new_blkg) {
new_blkg = blkg_alloc(blkcg, q, GFP_ATOMIC);
if (unlikely(!new_blkg)) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
- goto err_put_css;
+ goto err_put_congested;
}
}
blkg = new_blkg;
+ blkg->wb_congested = wb_congested;
/* link parent */
if (blkcg_parent(blkcg)) {
blkg->parent = __blkg_lookup(blkcg_parent(blkcg), q, false);
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!blkg->parent)) {
ret = -EINVAL;
- goto err_put_css;
+ goto err_put_congested;
}
blkg_get(blkg->parent);
}
@@ -238,18 +250,15 @@ static struct blkcg_gq *blkg_create(struct blkcg *blkcg,
blkg->online = true;
spin_unlock(&blkcg->lock);
- if (!ret) {
- if (blkcg == &blkcg_root) {
- q->root_blkg = blkg;
- q->root_rl.blkg = blkg;
- }
+ if (!ret)
return blkg;
- }
/* @blkg failed fully initialized, use the usual release path */
blkg_put(blkg);
return ERR_PTR(ret);
+err_put_congested:
+ wb_congested_put(wb_congested);
err_put_css:
css_put(&blkcg->css);
err_free_blkg:
@@ -343,15 +352,6 @@ static void blkg_destroy(struct blkcg_gq *blkg)
rcu_assign_pointer(blkcg->blkg_hint, NULL);
/*
- * If root blkg is destroyed. Just clear the pointer since root_rl
- * does not take reference on root blkg.
- */
- if (blkcg == &blkcg_root) {
- blkg->q->root_blkg = NULL;
- blkg->q->root_rl.blkg = NULL;
- }
-
- /*
* Put the reference taken at the time of creation so that when all
* queues are gone, group can be destroyed.
*/
@@ -405,6 +405,8 @@ void __blkg_release_rcu(struct rcu_head *rcu_head)
if (blkg->parent)
blkg_put(blkg->parent);
+ wb_congested_put(blkg->wb_congested);
+
blkg_free(blkg);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__blkg_release_rcu);
@@ -812,6 +814,8 @@ static void blkcg_css_offline(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
}
spin_unlock_irq(&blkcg->lock);
+
+ wb_blkcg_offline(blkcg);
}
static void blkcg_css_free(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
@@ -868,7 +872,9 @@ done:
spin_lock_init(&blkcg->lock);
INIT_RADIX_TREE(&blkcg->blkg_tree, GFP_ATOMIC);
INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&blkcg->blkg_list);
-
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&blkcg->cgwb_list);
+#endif
return &blkcg->css;
free_pd_blkcg:
@@ -892,9 +898,45 @@ free_blkcg:
*/
int blkcg_init_queue(struct request_queue *q)
{
- might_sleep();
+ struct blkcg_gq *new_blkg, *blkg;
+ bool preloaded;
+ int ret;
+
+ new_blkg = blkg_alloc(&blkcg_root, q, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!new_blkg)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ preloaded = !radix_tree_preload(GFP_KERNEL);
+
+ /*
+ * Make sure the root blkg exists and count the existing blkgs. As
+ * @q is bypassing at this point, blkg_lookup_create() can't be
+ * used. Open code insertion.
+ */
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+ blkg = blkg_create(&blkcg_root, q, new_blkg);
+ spin_unlock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+
+ if (preloaded)
+ radix_tree_preload_end();
+
+ if (IS_ERR(blkg)) {
+ kfree(new_blkg);
+ return PTR_ERR(blkg);
+ }
- return blk_throtl_init(q);
+ q->root_blkg = blkg;
+ q->root_rl.blkg = blkg;
+
+ ret = blk_throtl_init(q);
+ if (ret) {
+ spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+ blkg_destroy_all(q);
+ spin_unlock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+ }
+ return ret;
}
/**
@@ -996,50 +1038,19 @@ int blkcg_activate_policy(struct request_queue *q,
{
LIST_HEAD(pds);
LIST_HEAD(cpds);
- struct blkcg_gq *blkg, *new_blkg;
+ struct blkcg_gq *blkg;
struct blkg_policy_data *pd, *nd;
struct blkcg_policy_data *cpd, *cnd;
int cnt = 0, ret;
- bool preloaded;
if (blkcg_policy_enabled(q, pol))
return 0;
- /* preallocations for root blkg */
- new_blkg = blkg_alloc(&blkcg_root, q, GFP_KERNEL);
- if (!new_blkg)
- return -ENOMEM;
-
+ /* count and allocate policy_data for all existing blkgs */
blk_queue_bypass_start(q);
-
- preloaded = !radix_tree_preload(GFP_KERNEL);
-
- /*
- * Make sure the root blkg exists and count the existing blkgs. As
- * @q is bypassing at this point, blkg_lookup_create() can't be
- * used. Open code it.
- */
spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
-
- rcu_read_lock();
- blkg = __blkg_lookup(&blkcg_root, q, false);
- if (blkg)
- blkg_free(new_blkg);
- else
- blkg = blkg_create(&blkcg_root, q, new_blkg);
- rcu_read_unlock();
-
- if (preloaded)
- radix_tree_preload_end();
-
- if (IS_ERR(blkg)) {
- ret = PTR_ERR(blkg);
- goto out_unlock;
- }
-
list_for_each_entry(blkg, &q->blkg_list, q_node)
cnt++;
-
spin_unlock_irq(q->queue_lock);
/*
@@ -1140,10 +1151,6 @@ void blkcg_deactivate_policy(struct request_queue *q,
__clear_bit(pol->plid, q->blkcg_pols);
- /* if no policy is left, no need for blkgs - shoot them down */
- if (bitmap_empty(q->blkcg_pols, BLKCG_MAX_POLS))
- blkg_destroy_all(q);
-
list_for_each_entry(blkg, &q->blkg_list, q_node) {
/* grab blkcg lock too while removing @pd from @blkg */
spin_lock(&blkg->blkcg->lock);
diff --git a/block/blk-core.c b/block/blk-core.c
index f6ab750060fe..688ae9482cb8 100644
--- a/block/blk-core.c
+++ b/block/blk-core.c
@@ -32,12 +32,12 @@
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/ratelimit.h>
#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
+#include <linux/blk-cgroup.h>
#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/block.h>
#include "blk.h"
-#include "blk-cgroup.h"
#include "blk-mq.h"
EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL(block_bio_remap);
@@ -63,6 +63,31 @@ struct kmem_cache *blk_requestq_cachep;
*/
static struct workqueue_struct *kblockd_workqueue;
+static void blk_clear_congested(struct request_list *rl, int sync)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+ clear_wb_congested(rl->blkg->wb_congested, sync);
+#else
+ /*
+ * If !CGROUP_WRITEBACK, all blkg's map to bdi->wb and we shouldn't
+ * flip its congestion state for events on other blkcgs.
+ */
+ if (rl == &rl->q->root_rl)
+ clear_wb_congested(rl->q->backing_dev_info.wb.congested, sync);
+#endif
+}
+
+static void blk_set_congested(struct request_list *rl, int sync)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+ set_wb_congested(rl->blkg->wb_congested, sync);
+#else
+ /* see blk_clear_congested() */
+ if (rl == &rl->q->root_rl)
+ set_wb_congested(rl->q->backing_dev_info.wb.congested, sync);
+#endif
+}
+
void blk_queue_congestion_threshold(struct request_queue *q)
{
int nr;
@@ -623,8 +648,7 @@ struct request_queue *blk_alloc_queue_node(gfp_t gfp_mask, int node_id)
q->backing_dev_info.ra_pages =
(VM_MAX_READAHEAD * 1024) / PAGE_CACHE_SIZE;
- q->backing_dev_info.state = 0;
- q->backing_dev_info.capabilities = 0;
+ q->backing_dev_info.capabilities = BDI_CAP_CGROUP_WRITEBACK;
q->backing_dev_info.name = "block";
q->node = node_id;
@@ -847,13 +871,8 @@ static void __freed_request(struct request_list *rl, int sync)
{
struct request_queue *q = rl->q;
- /*
- * bdi isn't aware of blkcg yet. As all async IOs end up root
- * blkcg anyway, just use root blkcg state.
- */
- if (rl == &q->root_rl &&
- rl->count[sync] < queue_congestion_off_threshold(q))
- blk_clear_queue_congested(q, sync);
+ if (rl->count[sync] < queue_congestion_off_threshold(q))
+ blk_clear_congested(rl, sync);
if (rl->count[sync] + 1 <= q->nr_requests) {
if (waitqueue_active(&rl->wait[sync]))
@@ -886,25 +905,25 @@ static void freed_request(struct request_list *rl, unsigned int flags)
int blk_update_nr_requests(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int nr)
{
struct request_list *rl;
+ int on_thresh, off_thresh;
spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
q->nr_requests = nr;
blk_queue_congestion_threshold(q);
+ on_thresh = queue_congestion_on_threshold(q);
+ off_thresh = queue_congestion_off_threshold(q);
- /* congestion isn't cgroup aware and follows root blkcg for now */
- rl = &q->root_rl;
-
- if (rl->count[BLK_RW_SYNC] >= queue_congestion_on_threshold(q))
- blk_set_queue_congested(q, BLK_RW_SYNC);
- else if (rl->count[BLK_RW_SYNC] < queue_congestion_off_threshold(q))
- blk_clear_queue_congested(q, BLK_RW_SYNC);
+ blk_queue_for_each_rl(rl, q) {
+ if (rl->count[BLK_RW_SYNC] >= on_thresh)
+ blk_set_congested(rl, BLK_RW_SYNC);
+ else if (rl->count[BLK_RW_SYNC] < off_thresh)
+ blk_clear_congested(rl, BLK_RW_SYNC);
- if (rl->count[BLK_RW_ASYNC] >= queue_congestion_on_threshold(q))
- blk_set_queue_congested(q, BLK_RW_ASYNC);
- else if (rl->count[BLK_RW_ASYNC] < queue_congestion_off_threshold(q))
- blk_clear_queue_congested(q, BLK_RW_ASYNC);
+ if (rl->count[BLK_RW_ASYNC] >= on_thresh)
+ blk_set_congested(rl, BLK_RW_ASYNC);
+ else if (rl->count[BLK_RW_ASYNC] < off_thresh)
+ blk_clear_congested(rl, BLK_RW_ASYNC);
- blk_queue_for_each_rl(rl, q) {
if (rl->count[BLK_RW_SYNC] >= q->nr_requests) {
blk_set_rl_full(rl, BLK_RW_SYNC);
} else {
@@ -1014,12 +1033,7 @@ static struct request *__get_request(struct request_list *rl, int rw_flags,
}
}
}
- /*
- * bdi isn't aware of blkcg yet. As all async IOs end up
- * root blkcg anyway, just use root blkcg state.
- */
- if (rl == &q->root_rl)
- blk_set_queue_congested(q, is_sync);
+ blk_set_congested(rl, is_sync);
}
/*
diff --git a/block/blk-integrity.c b/block/blk-integrity.c
index 79ffb4855af0..f548b64be092 100644
--- a/block/blk-integrity.c
+++ b/block/blk-integrity.c
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
*/
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/mempool.h>
#include <linux/bio.h>
#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
diff --git a/block/blk-sysfs.c b/block/blk-sysfs.c
index 2b8fd302f677..6264b382d4d1 100644
--- a/block/blk-sysfs.c
+++ b/block/blk-sysfs.c
@@ -6,11 +6,12 @@
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/bio.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/blktrace_api.h>
#include <linux/blk-mq.h>
+#include <linux/blk-cgroup.h>
#include "blk.h"
-#include "blk-cgroup.h"
#include "blk-mq.h"
struct queue_sysfs_entry {
diff --git a/block/blk-throttle.c b/block/blk-throttle.c
index 5b9c6d5c3636..b23193518ac7 100644
--- a/block/blk-throttle.c
+++ b/block/blk-throttle.c
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/bio.h>
#include <linux/blktrace_api.h>
-#include "blk-cgroup.h"
+#include <linux/blk-cgroup.h>
#include "blk.h"
/* Max dispatch from a group in 1 round */
diff --git a/block/bounce.c b/block/bounce.c
index 3ab0bce1c947..b17311227c12 100644
--- a/block/bounce.c
+++ b/block/bounce.c
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/mempool.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/hash.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
diff --git a/block/cfq-iosched.c b/block/cfq-iosched.c
index d8ad45ccd8fa..c62bb2e650b8 100644
--- a/block/cfq-iosched.c
+++ b/block/cfq-iosched.c
@@ -14,8 +14,8 @@
#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include <linux/ioprio.h>
#include <linux/blktrace_api.h>
+#include <linux/blk-cgroup.h>
#include "blk.h"
-#include "blk-cgroup.h"
/*
* tunables
diff --git a/block/elevator.c b/block/elevator.c
index 942579d04128..84d63943f2de 100644
--- a/block/elevator.c
+++ b/block/elevator.c
@@ -35,11 +35,11 @@
#include <linux/hash.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
+#include <linux/blk-cgroup.h>
#include <trace/events/block.h>
#include "blk.h"
-#include "blk-cgroup.h"
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(elv_list_lock);
static LIST_HEAD(elv_list);
diff --git a/block/genhd.c b/block/genhd.c
index ea982eadaf63..59a1395eedac 100644
--- a/block/genhd.c
+++ b/block/genhd.c
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@
#include <linux/kdev_t.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
diff --git a/drivers/block/drbd/drbd_int.h b/drivers/block/drbd/drbd_int.h
index b905e9888b88..efd19c2da9c2 100644
--- a/drivers/block/drbd/drbd_int.h
+++ b/drivers/block/drbd/drbd_int.h
@@ -38,6 +38,7 @@
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/major.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/genhd.h>
#include <linux/idr.h>
#include <net/tcp.h>
diff --git a/drivers/block/drbd/drbd_main.c b/drivers/block/drbd/drbd_main.c
index 81fde9ef7f8e..a1518539b858 100644
--- a/drivers/block/drbd/drbd_main.c
+++ b/drivers/block/drbd/drbd_main.c
@@ -2359,7 +2359,7 @@ static void drbd_cleanup(void)
* @congested_data: User data
* @bdi_bits: Bits the BDI flusher thread is currently interested in
*
- * Returns 1<<BDI_async_congested and/or 1<<BDI_sync_congested if we are congested.
+ * Returns 1<<WB_async_congested and/or 1<<WB_sync_congested if we are congested.
*/
static int drbd_congested(void *congested_data, int bdi_bits)
{
@@ -2376,14 +2376,14 @@ static int drbd_congested(void *congested_data, int bdi_bits)
}
if (test_bit(CALLBACK_PENDING, &first_peer_device(device)->connection->flags)) {
- r |= (1 << BDI_async_congested);
+ r |= (1 << WB_async_congested);
/* Without good local data, we would need to read from remote,
* and that would need the worker thread as well, which is
* currently blocked waiting for that usermode helper to
* finish.
*/
if (!get_ldev_if_state(device, D_UP_TO_DATE))
- r |= (1 << BDI_sync_congested);
+ r |= (1 << WB_sync_congested);
else
put_ldev(device);
r &= bdi_bits;
@@ -2399,9 +2399,9 @@ static int drbd_congested(void *congested_data, int bdi_bits)
reason = 'b';
}
- if (bdi_bits & (1 << BDI_async_congested) &&
+ if (bdi_bits & (1 << WB_async_congested) &&
test_bit(NET_CONGESTED, &first_peer_device(device)->connection->flags)) {
- r |= (1 << BDI_async_congested);
+ r |= (1 << WB_async_congested);
reason = reason == 'b' ? 'a' : 'n';
}
diff --git a/drivers/block/pktcdvd.c b/drivers/block/pktcdvd.c
index 09e628dafd9d..4c20c228184c 100644
--- a/drivers/block/pktcdvd.c
+++ b/drivers/block/pktcdvd.c
@@ -61,6 +61,7 @@
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <scsi/scsi_cmnd.h>
#include <scsi/scsi_ioctl.h>
#include <scsi/scsi.h>
diff --git a/drivers/char/raw.c b/drivers/char/raw.c
index 5fc291c6157e..60316fbaf295 100644
--- a/drivers/char/raw.c
+++ b/drivers/char/raw.c
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/major.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/raw.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
diff --git a/drivers/md/bcache/request.c b/drivers/md/bcache/request.c
index 1616f668a4cb..4afb2d26b148 100644
--- a/drivers/md/bcache/request.c
+++ b/drivers/md/bcache/request.c
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/hash.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <trace/events/bcache.h>
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm.c b/drivers/md/dm.c
index 4d6f089a0e9e..d72829922eb6 100644
--- a/drivers/md/dm.c
+++ b/drivers/md/dm.c
@@ -2080,7 +2080,7 @@ static int dm_any_congested(void *congested_data, int bdi_bits)
* the query about congestion status of request_queue
*/
if (dm_request_based(md))
- r = md->queue->backing_dev_info.state &
+ r = md->queue->backing_dev_info.wb.state &
bdi_bits;
else
r = dm_table_any_congested(map, bdi_bits);
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm.h b/drivers/md/dm.h
index e6e66d087b26..7fff744f0865 100644
--- a/drivers/md/dm.h
+++ b/drivers/md/dm.h
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
#include <linux/device-mapper.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/hdreg.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/kobject.h>
diff --git a/drivers/md/md.h b/drivers/md/md.h
index 4046a6c6f223..7da6e9c3cb53 100644
--- a/drivers/md/md.h
+++ b/drivers/md/md.h
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
#define _MD_MD_H
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/kobject.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
diff --git a/drivers/md/raid1.c b/drivers/md/raid1.c
index 9157a29c8dbf..f80f1af61ce7 100644
--- a/drivers/md/raid1.c
+++ b/drivers/md/raid1.c
@@ -745,7 +745,7 @@ static int raid1_congested(struct mddev *mddev, int bits)
struct r1conf *conf = mddev->private;
int i, ret = 0;
- if ((bits & (1 << BDI_async_congested)) &&
+ if ((bits & (1 << WB_async_congested)) &&
conf->pending_count >= max_queued_requests)
return 1;
@@ -760,7 +760,7 @@ static int raid1_congested(struct mddev *mddev, int bits)
/* Note the '|| 1' - when read_balance prefers
* non-congested targets, it can be removed
*/
- if ((bits & (1<<BDI_async_congested)) || 1)
+ if ((bits & (1 << WB_async_congested)) || 1)
ret |= bdi_congested(&q->backing_dev_info, bits);
else
ret &= bdi_congested(&q->backing_dev_info, bits);
diff --git a/drivers/md/raid10.c b/drivers/md/raid10.c
index f55c3f35b746..188d8e9a6bdc 100644
--- a/drivers/md/raid10.c
+++ b/drivers/md/raid10.c
@@ -914,7 +914,7 @@ static int raid10_congested(struct mddev *mddev, int bits)
struct r10conf *conf = mddev->private;
int i, ret = 0;
- if ((bits & (1 << BDI_async_congested)) &&
+ if ((bits & (1 << WB_async_congested)) &&
conf->pending_count >= max_queued_requests)
return 1;
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/devices/block2mtd.c b/drivers/mtd/devices/block2mtd.c
index b16f3cda97ff..e2c0057737e6 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/devices/block2mtd.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/devices/block2mtd.c
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/bio.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
diff --git a/drivers/staging/lustre/lustre/include/linux/lustre_patchless_compat.h b/drivers/staging/lustre/lustre/include/linux/lustre_patchless_compat.h
index d72605864b0a..14562788e4e0 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/lustre/lustre/include/linux/lustre_patchless_compat.h
+++ b/drivers/staging/lustre/lustre/include/linux/lustre_patchless_compat.h
@@ -55,9 +55,7 @@ truncate_complete_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page)
if (PagePrivate(page))
page->mapping->a_ops->invalidatepage(page, 0, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE);
- if (TestClearPageDirty(page))
- account_page_cleaned(page, mapping);
-
+ cancel_dirty_page(page);
ClearPageMappedToDisk(page);
ll_delete_from_page_cache(page);
}
diff --git a/fs/9p/v9fs.c b/fs/9p/v9fs.c
index 620d93489539..8aa56bb6e861 100644
--- a/fs/9p/v9fs.c
+++ b/fs/9p/v9fs.c
@@ -320,31 +320,21 @@ fail_option_alloc:
struct p9_fid *v9fs_session_init(struct v9fs_session_info *v9ses,
const char *dev_name, char *data)
{
- int retval = -EINVAL;
struct p9_fid *fid;
- int rc;
+ int rc = -ENOMEM;
v9ses->uname = kstrdup(V9FS_DEFUSER, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!v9ses->uname)
- return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+ goto err_names;
v9ses->aname = kstrdup(V9FS_DEFANAME, GFP_KERNEL);
- if (!v9ses->aname) {
- kfree(v9ses->uname);
- return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
- }
+ if (!v9ses->aname)
+ goto err_names;
init_rwsem(&v9ses->rename_sem);
rc = bdi_setup_and_register(&v9ses->bdi, "9p");
- if (rc) {
- kfree(v9ses->aname);
- kfree(v9ses->uname);
- return ERR_PTR(rc);
- }
-
- spin_lock(&v9fs_sessionlist_lock);
- list_add(&v9ses->slist, &v9fs_sessionlist);
- spin_unlock(&v9fs_sessionlist_lock);
+ if (rc)
+ goto err_names;
v9ses->uid = INVALID_UID;
v9ses->dfltuid = V9FS_DEFUID;
@@ -352,10 +342,9 @@ struct p9_fid *v9fs_session_init(struct v9fs_session_info *v9ses,
v9ses->clnt = p9_client_create(dev_name, data);
if (IS_ERR(v9ses->clnt)) {
- retval = PTR_ERR(v9ses->clnt);
- v9ses->clnt = NULL;
+ rc = PTR_ERR(v9ses->clnt);
p9_debug(P9_DEBUG_ERROR, "problem initializing 9p client\n");
- goto error;
+ goto err_bdi;
}
v9ses->flags = V9FS_ACCESS_USER;
@@ -368,10 +357,8 @@ struct p9_fid *v9fs_session_init(struct v9fs_session_info *v9ses,
}
rc = v9fs_parse_options(v9ses, data);
- if (rc < 0) {
- retval = rc;
- goto error;
- }
+ if (rc < 0)
+ goto err_clnt;
v9ses->maxdata = v9ses->clnt->msize - P9_IOHDRSZ;
@@ -405,10 +392,9 @@ struct p9_fid *v9fs_session_init(struct v9fs_session_info *v9ses,
fid = p9_client_attach(v9ses->clnt, NULL, v9ses->uname, INVALID_UID,
v9ses->aname);
if (IS_ERR(fid)) {
- retval = PTR_ERR(fid);
- fid = NULL;
+ rc = PTR_ERR(fid);
p9_debug(P9_DEBUG_ERROR, "cannot attach\n");
- goto error;
+ goto err_clnt;
}
if ((v9ses->flags & V9FS_ACCESS_MASK) == V9FS_ACCESS_SINGLE)
@@ -420,12 +406,20 @@ struct p9_fid *v9fs_session_init(struct v9fs_session_info *v9ses,
/* register the session for caching */
v9fs_cache_session_get_cookie(v9ses);
#endif
+ spin_lock(&v9fs_sessionlist_lock);
+ list_add(&v9ses->slist, &v9fs_sessionlist);
+ spin_unlock(&v9fs_sessionlist_lock);
return fid;
-error:
+err_clnt:
+ p9_client_destroy(v9ses->clnt);
+err_bdi:
bdi_destroy(&v9ses->bdi);
- return ERR_PTR(retval);
+err_names:
+ kfree(v9ses->uname);
+ kfree(v9ses->aname);
+ return ERR_PTR(rc);
}
/**
diff --git a/fs/9p/vfs_super.c b/fs/9p/vfs_super.c
index e99a338a4638..bf495cedec26 100644
--- a/fs/9p/vfs_super.c
+++ b/fs/9p/vfs_super.c
@@ -130,11 +130,7 @@ static struct dentry *v9fs_mount(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags,
fid = v9fs_session_init(v9ses, dev_name, data);
if (IS_ERR(fid)) {
retval = PTR_ERR(fid);
- /*
- * we need to call session_close to tear down some
- * of the data structure setup by session_init
- */
- goto close_session;
+ goto free_session;
}
sb = sget(fs_type, NULL, v9fs_set_super, flags, v9ses);
@@ -195,8 +191,8 @@ static struct dentry *v9fs_mount(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags,
clunk_fid:
p9_client_clunk(fid);
-close_session:
v9fs_session_close(v9ses);
+free_session:
kfree(v9ses);
return ERR_PTR(retval);
diff --git a/fs/block_dev.c b/fs/block_dev.c
index c7e4163ede87..f04c873a7365 100644
--- a/fs/block_dev.c
+++ b/fs/block_dev.c
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
#include <linux/device_cgroup.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/blkpg.h>
#include <linux/magic.h>
@@ -546,7 +547,8 @@ static struct file_system_type bd_type = {
.kill_sb = kill_anon_super,
};
-static struct super_block *blockdev_superblock __read_mostly;
+struct super_block *blockdev_superblock __read_mostly;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blockdev_superblock);
void __init bdev_cache_init(void)
{
@@ -687,11 +689,6 @@ static struct block_device *bd_acquire(struct inode *inode)
return bdev;
}
-int sb_is_blkdev_sb(struct super_block *sb)
-{
- return sb == blockdev_superblock;
-}
-
/* Call when you free inode */
void bd_forget(struct inode *inode)
diff --git a/fs/buffer.c b/fs/buffer.c
index f96173ad62d9..1cf7a53a0277 100644
--- a/fs/buffer.c
+++ b/fs/buffer.c
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@
#include <linux/quotaops.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/hash.h>
#include <linux/suspend.h>
@@ -44,6 +45,9 @@
#include <trace/events/block.h>
static int fsync_buffers_list(spinlock_t *lock, struct list_head *list);
+static int submit_bh_wbc(int rw, struct buffer_head *bh,
+ unsigned long bio_flags,
+ struct writeback_control *wbc);
#define BH_ENTRY(list) list_entry((list), struct buffer_head, b_assoc_buffers)
@@ -623,21 +627,22 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(mark_buffer_dirty_inode);
*
* If warn is true, then emit a warning if the page is not uptodate and has
* not been truncated.
+ *
+ * The caller must hold mem_cgroup_begin_page_stat() lock.
*/
-static void __set_page_dirty(struct page *page,
- struct address_space *mapping, int warn)
+static void __set_page_dirty(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int warn)
{
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
if (page->mapping) { /* Race with truncate? */
WARN_ON_ONCE(warn && !PageUptodate(page));
- account_page_dirtied(page, mapping);
+ account_page_dirtied(page, mapping, memcg);
radix_tree_tag_set(&mapping->page_tree,
page_index(page), PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY);
}
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
- __mark_inode_dirty(mapping->host, I_DIRTY_PAGES);
}
/*
@@ -668,6 +673,7 @@ static void __set_page_dirty(struct page *page,
int __set_page_dirty_buffers(struct page *page)
{
int newly_dirty;
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page);
if (unlikely(!mapping))
@@ -683,11 +689,22 @@ int __set_page_dirty_buffers(struct page *page)
bh = bh->b_this_page;
} while (bh != head);
}
+ /*
+ * Use mem_group_begin_page_stat() to keep PageDirty synchronized with
+ * per-memcg dirty page counters.
+ */
+ memcg = mem_cgroup_begin_page_stat(page);
newly_dirty = !TestSetPageDirty(page);
spin_unlock(&mapping->private_lock);
if (newly_dirty)
- __set_page_dirty(page, mapping, 1);
+ __set_page_dirty(page, mapping, memcg, 1);
+
+ mem_cgroup_end_page_stat(memcg);
+
+ if (newly_dirty)
+ __mark_inode_dirty(mapping->host, I_DIRTY_PAGES);
+
return newly_dirty;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__set_page_dirty_buffers);
@@ -1158,11 +1175,18 @@ void mark_buffer_dirty(struct buffer_head *bh)
if (!test_set_buffer_dirty(bh)) {
struct page *page = bh->b_page;
+ struct address_space *mapping = NULL;
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
+
+ memcg = mem_cgroup_begin_page_stat(page);
if (!TestSetPageDirty(page)) {
- struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page);
+ mapping = page_mapping(page);
if (mapping)
- __set_page_dirty(page, mapping, 0);
+ __set_page_dirty(page, mapping, memcg, 0);
}
+ mem_cgroup_end_page_stat(memcg);
+ if (mapping)
+ __mark_inode_dirty(mapping->host, I_DIRTY_PAGES);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mark_buffer_dirty);
@@ -1684,8 +1708,7 @@ static int __block_write_full_page(struct inode *inode, struct page *page,
struct buffer_head *bh, *head;
unsigned int blocksize, bbits;
int nr_underway = 0;
- int write_op = (wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL ?
- WRITE_SYNC : WRITE);
+ int write_op = (wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL ? WRITE_SYNC : WRITE);
head = create_page_buffers(page, inode,
(1 << BH_Dirty)|(1 << BH_Uptodate));
@@ -1774,7 +1797,7 @@ static int __block_write_full_page(struct inode *inode, struct page *page,
do {
struct buffer_head *next = bh->b_this_page;
if (buffer_async_write(bh)) {
- submit_bh(write_op, bh);
+ submit_bh_wbc(write_op, bh, 0, wbc);
nr_underway++;
}
bh = next;
@@ -1828,7 +1851,7 @@ recover:
struct buffer_head *next = bh->b_this_page;
if (buffer_async_write(bh)) {
clear_buffer_dirty(bh);
- submit_bh(write_op, bh);
+ submit_bh_wbc(write_op, bh, 0, wbc);
nr_underway++;
}
bh = next;
@@ -2993,7 +3016,8 @@ void guard_bio_eod(int rw, struct bio *bio)
}
}
-int _submit_bh(int rw, struct buffer_head *bh, unsigned long bio_flags)
+static int submit_bh_wbc(int rw, struct buffer_head *bh,
+ unsigned long bio_flags, struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
struct bio *bio;
@@ -3015,6 +3039,11 @@ int _submit_bh(int rw, struct buffer_head *bh, unsigned long bio_flags)
*/
bio = bio_alloc(GFP_NOIO, 1);
+ if (wbc) {
+ wbc_init_bio(wbc, bio);
+ wbc_account_io(wbc, bh->b_page, bh->b_size);
+ }
+
bio->bi_iter.bi_sector = bh->b_blocknr * (bh->b_size >> 9);
bio->bi_bdev = bh->b_bdev;
bio->bi_io_vec[0].bv_page = bh->b_page;
@@ -3039,11 +3068,16 @@ int _submit_bh(int rw, struct buffer_head *bh, unsigned long bio_flags)
submit_bio(rw, bio);
return 0;
}
+
+int _submit_bh(int rw, struct buffer_head *bh, unsigned long bio_flags)
+{
+ return submit_bh_wbc(rw, bh, bio_flags, NULL);
+}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(_submit_bh);
int submit_bh(int rw, struct buffer_head *bh)
{
- return _submit_bh(rw, bh, 0);
+ return submit_bh_wbc(rw, bh, 0, NULL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(submit_bh);
@@ -3232,8 +3266,8 @@ int try_to_free_buffers(struct page *page)
* to synchronise against __set_page_dirty_buffers and prevent the
* dirty bit from being lost.
*/
- if (ret && TestClearPageDirty(page))
- account_page_cleaned(page, mapping);
+ if (ret)
+ cancel_dirty_page(page);
spin_unlock(&mapping->private_lock);
out:
if (buffers_to_free) {
diff --git a/fs/ext2/super.c b/fs/ext2/super.c
index d0e746e96511..900e19cf9ef6 100644
--- a/fs/ext2/super.c
+++ b/fs/ext2/super.c
@@ -882,6 +882,7 @@ static int ext2_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent)
sb->s_flags = (sb->s_flags & ~MS_POSIXACL) |
((EXT2_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt & EXT2_MOUNT_POSIX_ACL) ?
MS_POSIXACL : 0);
+ sb->s_iflags |= SB_I_CGROUPWB;
if (le32_to_cpu(es->s_rev_level) == EXT2_GOOD_OLD_REV &&
(EXT2_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, ~0U) ||
diff --git a/fs/ext4/extents.c b/fs/ext4/extents.c
index d86d2622f826..aadb72828834 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/extents.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/extents.c
@@ -39,6 +39,7 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/fiemap.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include "ext4_jbd2.h"
#include "ext4_extents.h"
#include "xattr.h"
diff --git a/fs/ext4/mballoc.c b/fs/ext4/mballoc.c
index 1c535fa67640..f6aedf88da43 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/mballoc.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/mballoc.c
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@
#include <linux/log2.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <trace/events/ext4.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG
diff --git a/fs/ext4/super.c b/fs/ext4/super.c
index 90ec13fe8ac7..a7b4b6e10269 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/super.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/super.c
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/parser.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/exportfs.h>
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/node.c b/fs/f2fs/node.c
index d9c52424bac2..7dd63b794bfb 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/node.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/node.c
@@ -53,7 +53,7 @@ bool available_free_memory(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, int type)
PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
res = mem_size < ((avail_ram * nm_i->ram_thresh / 100) >> 2);
} else if (type == DIRTY_DENTS) {
- if (sbi->sb->s_bdi->dirty_exceeded)
+ if (sbi->sb->s_bdi->wb.dirty_exceeded)
return false;
mem_size = get_pages(sbi, F2FS_DIRTY_DENTS);
res = mem_size < ((avail_ram * nm_i->ram_thresh / 100) >> 1);
@@ -70,7 +70,7 @@ bool available_free_memory(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, int type)
sizeof(struct extent_node)) >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
res = mem_size < ((avail_ram * nm_i->ram_thresh / 100) >> 1);
} else {
- if (sbi->sb->s_bdi->dirty_exceeded)
+ if (sbi->sb->s_bdi->wb.dirty_exceeded)
return false;
}
return res;
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/segment.h b/fs/f2fs/segment.h
index 849635778118..79e7b879a753 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/segment.h
+++ b/fs/f2fs/segment.h
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*/
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
/* constant macro */
#define NULL_SEGNO ((unsigned int)(~0))
@@ -714,7 +715,7 @@ static inline unsigned int max_hw_blocks(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
*/
static inline int nr_pages_to_skip(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, int type)
{
- if (sbi->sb->s_bdi->dirty_exceeded)
+ if (sbi->sb->s_bdi->wb.dirty_exceeded)
return 0;
if (type == DATA)
diff --git a/fs/fat/file.c b/fs/fat/file.c
index 442d50a0e33e..a08f1039909a 100644
--- a/fs/fat/file.c
+++ b/fs/fat/file.c
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
#include <linux/compat.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/fsnotify.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include "fat.h"
diff --git a/fs/fat/inode.c b/fs/fat/inode.c
index c06774658345..509411dd3698 100644
--- a/fs/fat/inode.c
+++ b/fs/fat/inode.c
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
#include <linux/parser.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <asm/unaligned.h>
#include "fat.h"
diff --git a/fs/fs-writeback.c b/fs/fs-writeback.c
index 32a8bbd7a9ad..f0520bcf2094 100644
--- a/fs/fs-writeback.c
+++ b/fs/fs-writeback.c
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/tracepoint.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/memcontrol.h>
#include "internal.h"
/*
@@ -34,6 +35,10 @@
*/
#define MIN_WRITEBACK_PAGES (4096UL >> (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - 10))
+struct wb_completion {
+ atomic_t cnt;
+};
+
/*
* Passed into wb_writeback(), essentially a subset of writeback_control
*/
@@ -47,13 +52,29 @@ struct wb_writeback_work {
unsigned int range_cyclic:1;
unsigned int for_background:1;
unsigned int for_sync:1; /* sync(2) WB_SYNC_ALL writeback */
+ unsigned int auto_free:1; /* free on completion */
+ unsigned int single_wait:1;
+ unsigned int single_done:1;
enum wb_reason reason; /* why was writeback initiated? */
struct list_head list; /* pending work list */
- struct completion *done; /* set if the caller waits */
+ struct wb_completion *done; /* set if the caller waits */
};
/*
+ * If one wants to wait for one or more wb_writeback_works, each work's
+ * ->done should be set to a wb_completion defined using the following
+ * macro. Once all work items are issued with wb_queue_work(), the caller
+ * can wait for the completion of all using wb_wait_for_completion(). Work
+ * items which are waited upon aren't freed automatically on completion.
+ */
+#define DEFINE_WB_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(cmpl) \
+ struct wb_completion cmpl = { \
+ .cnt = ATOMIC_INIT(1), \
+ }
+
+
+/*
* If an inode is constantly having its pages dirtied, but then the
* updates stop dirtytime_expire_interval seconds in the past, it's
* possible for the worst case time between when an inode has its
@@ -65,35 +86,6 @@ struct wb_writeback_work {
*/
unsigned int dirtytime_expire_interval = 12 * 60 * 60;
-/**
- * writeback_in_progress - determine whether there is writeback in progress
- * @bdi: the device's backing_dev_info structure.
- *
- * Determine whether there is writeback waiting to be handled against a
- * backing device.
- */
-int writeback_in_progress(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
-{
- return test_bit(BDI_writeback_running, &bdi->state);
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(writeback_in_progress);
-
-struct backing_dev_info *inode_to_bdi(struct inode *inode)
-{
- struct super_block *sb;
-
- if (!inode)
- return &noop_backing_dev_info;
-
- sb = inode->i_sb;
-#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
- if (sb_is_blkdev_sb(sb))
- return blk_get_backing_dev_info(I_BDEV(inode));
-#endif
- return sb->s_bdi;
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(inode_to_bdi);
-
static inline struct inode *wb_inode(struct list_head *head)
{
return list_entry(head, struct inode, i_wb_list);
@@ -109,45 +101,830 @@ static inline struct inode *wb_inode(struct list_head *head)
EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL(wbc_writepage);
-static void bdi_wakeup_thread(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+static bool wb_io_lists_populated(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+{
+ if (wb_has_dirty_io(wb)) {
+ return false;
+ } else {
+ set_bit(WB_has_dirty_io, &wb->state);
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!wb->avg_write_bandwidth);
+ atomic_long_add(wb->avg_write_bandwidth,
+ &wb->bdi->tot_write_bandwidth);
+ return true;
+ }
+}
+
+static void wb_io_lists_depopulated(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
- spin_lock_bh(&bdi->wb_lock);
- if (test_bit(BDI_registered, &bdi->state))
- mod_delayed_work(bdi_wq, &bdi->wb.dwork, 0);
- spin_unlock_bh(&bdi->wb_lock);
+ if (wb_has_dirty_io(wb) && list_empty(&wb->b_dirty) &&
+ list_empty(&wb->b_io) && list_empty(&wb->b_more_io)) {
+ clear_bit(WB_has_dirty_io, &wb->state);
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_long_sub_return(wb->avg_write_bandwidth,
+ &wb->bdi->tot_write_bandwidth) < 0);
+ }
}
-static void bdi_queue_work(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
- struct wb_writeback_work *work)
+/**
+ * inode_wb_list_move_locked - move an inode onto a bdi_writeback IO list
+ * @inode: inode to be moved
+ * @wb: target bdi_writeback
+ * @head: one of @wb->b_{dirty|io|more_io}
+ *
+ * Move @inode->i_wb_list to @list of @wb and set %WB_has_dirty_io.
+ * Returns %true if @inode is the first occupant of the !dirty_time IO
+ * lists; otherwise, %false.
+ */
+static bool inode_wb_list_move_locked(struct inode *inode,
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb,
+ struct list_head *head)
{
- trace_writeback_queue(bdi, work);
+ assert_spin_locked(&wb->list_lock);
+
+ list_move(&inode->i_wb_list, head);
- spin_lock_bh(&bdi->wb_lock);
- if (!test_bit(BDI_registered, &bdi->state)) {
- if (work->done)
- complete(work->done);
+ /* dirty_time doesn't count as dirty_io until expiration */
+ if (head != &wb->b_dirty_time)
+ return wb_io_lists_populated(wb);
+
+ wb_io_lists_depopulated(wb);
+ return false;
+}
+
+/**
+ * inode_wb_list_del_locked - remove an inode from its bdi_writeback IO list
+ * @inode: inode to be removed
+ * @wb: bdi_writeback @inode is being removed from
+ *
+ * Remove @inode which may be on one of @wb->b_{dirty|io|more_io} lists and
+ * clear %WB_has_dirty_io if all are empty afterwards.
+ */
+static void inode_wb_list_del_locked(struct inode *inode,
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+{
+ assert_spin_locked(&wb->list_lock);
+
+ list_del_init(&inode->i_wb_list);
+ wb_io_lists_depopulated(wb);
+}
+
+static void wb_wakeup(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+{
+ spin_lock_bh(&wb->work_lock);
+ if (test_bit(WB_registered, &wb->state))
+ mod_delayed_work(bdi_wq, &wb->dwork, 0);
+ spin_unlock_bh(&wb->work_lock);
+}
+
+static void wb_queue_work(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
+ struct wb_writeback_work *work)
+{
+ trace_writeback_queue(wb->bdi, work);
+
+ spin_lock_bh(&wb->work_lock);
+ if (!test_bit(WB_registered, &wb->state)) {
+ if (work->single_wait)
+ work->single_done = 1;
goto out_unlock;
}
- list_add_tail(&work->list, &bdi->work_list);
- mod_delayed_work(bdi_wq, &bdi->wb.dwork, 0);
+ if (work->done)
+ atomic_inc(&work->done->cnt);
+ list_add_tail(&work->list, &wb->work_list);
+ mod_delayed_work(bdi_wq, &wb->dwork, 0);
out_unlock:
- spin_unlock_bh(&bdi->wb_lock);
+ spin_unlock_bh(&wb->work_lock);
+}
+
+/**
+ * wb_wait_for_completion - wait for completion of bdi_writeback_works
+ * @bdi: bdi work items were issued to
+ * @done: target wb_completion
+ *
+ * Wait for one or more work items issued to @bdi with their ->done field
+ * set to @done, which should have been defined with
+ * DEFINE_WB_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(). This function returns after all such
+ * work items are completed. Work items which are waited upon aren't freed
+ * automatically on completion.
+ */
+static void wb_wait_for_completion(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
+ struct wb_completion *done)
+{
+ atomic_dec(&done->cnt); /* put down the initial count */
+ wait_event(bdi->wb_waitq, !atomic_read(&done->cnt));
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+
+/* parameters for foreign inode detection, see wb_detach_inode() */
+#define WB_FRN_TIME_SHIFT 13 /* 1s = 2^13, upto 8 secs w/ 16bit */
+#define WB_FRN_TIME_AVG_SHIFT 3 /* avg = avg * 7/8 + new * 1/8 */
+#define WB_FRN_TIME_CUT_DIV 2 /* ignore rounds < avg / 2 */
+#define WB_FRN_TIME_PERIOD (2 * (1 << WB_FRN_TIME_SHIFT)) /* 2s */
+
+#define WB_FRN_HIST_SLOTS 16 /* inode->i_wb_frn_history is 16bit */
+#define WB_FRN_HIST_UNIT (WB_FRN_TIME_PERIOD / WB_FRN_HIST_SLOTS)
+ /* each slot's duration is 2s / 16 */
+#define WB_FRN_HIST_THR_SLOTS (WB_FRN_HIST_SLOTS / 2)
+ /* if foreign slots >= 8, switch */
+#define WB_FRN_HIST_MAX_SLOTS (WB_FRN_HIST_THR_SLOTS / 2 + 1)
+ /* one round can affect upto 5 slots */
+
+void __inode_attach_wb(struct inode *inode, struct page *page)
+{
+ struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(inode);
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb = NULL;
+
+ if (inode_cgwb_enabled(inode)) {
+ struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css;
+
+ if (page) {
+ memcg_css = mem_cgroup_css_from_page(page);
+ wb = wb_get_create(bdi, memcg_css, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ } else {
+ /* must pin memcg_css, see wb_get_create() */
+ memcg_css = task_get_css(current, memory_cgrp_id);
+ wb = wb_get_create(bdi, memcg_css, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ css_put(memcg_css);
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (!wb)
+ wb = &bdi->wb;
+
+ /*
+ * There may be multiple instances of this function racing to
+ * update the same inode. Use cmpxchg() to tell the winner.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(cmpxchg(&inode->i_wb, NULL, wb)))
+ wb_put(wb);
+}
+
+/**
+ * locked_inode_to_wb_and_lock_list - determine a locked inode's wb and lock it
+ * @inode: inode of interest with i_lock held
+ *
+ * Returns @inode's wb with its list_lock held. @inode->i_lock must be
+ * held on entry and is released on return. The returned wb is guaranteed
+ * to stay @inode's associated wb until its list_lock is released.
+ */
+static struct bdi_writeback *
+locked_inode_to_wb_and_lock_list(struct inode *inode)
+ __releases(&inode->i_lock)
+ __acquires(&wb->list_lock)
+{
+ while (true) {
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb = inode_to_wb(inode);
+
+ /*
+ * inode_to_wb() association is protected by both
+ * @inode->i_lock and @wb->list_lock but list_lock nests
+ * outside i_lock. Drop i_lock and verify that the
+ * association hasn't changed after acquiring list_lock.
+ */
+ wb_get(wb);
+ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+ spin_lock(&wb->list_lock);
+ wb_put(wb); /* not gonna deref it anymore */
+
+ /* i_wb may have changed inbetween, can't use inode_to_wb() */
+ if (likely(wb == inode->i_wb))
+ return wb; /* @inode already has ref */
+
+ spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock);
+ cpu_relax();
+ spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
+ }
+}
+
+/**
+ * inode_to_wb_and_lock_list - determine an inode's wb and lock it
+ * @inode: inode of interest
+ *
+ * Same as locked_inode_to_wb_and_lock_list() but @inode->i_lock isn't held
+ * on entry.
+ */
+static struct bdi_writeback *inode_to_wb_and_lock_list(struct inode *inode)
+ __acquires(&wb->list_lock)
+{
+ spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
+ return locked_inode_to_wb_and_lock_list(inode);
+}
+
+struct inode_switch_wbs_context {
+ struct inode *inode;
+ struct bdi_writeback *new_wb;
+
+ struct rcu_head rcu_head;
+ struct work_struct work;
+};
+
+static void inode_switch_wbs_work_fn(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct inode_switch_wbs_context *isw =
+ container_of(work, struct inode_switch_wbs_context, work);
+ struct inode *inode = isw->inode;
+ struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping;
+ struct bdi_writeback *old_wb = inode->i_wb;
+ struct bdi_writeback *new_wb = isw->new_wb;
+ struct radix_tree_iter iter;
+ bool switched = false;
+ void **slot;
+
+ /*
+ * By the time control reaches here, RCU grace period has passed
+ * since I_WB_SWITCH assertion and all wb stat update transactions
+ * between unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin/end() are guaranteed to be
+ * synchronizing against mapping->tree_lock.
+ *
+ * Grabbing old_wb->list_lock, inode->i_lock and mapping->tree_lock
+ * gives us exclusion against all wb related operations on @inode
+ * including IO list manipulations and stat updates.
+ */
+ if (old_wb < new_wb) {
+ spin_lock(&old_wb->list_lock);
+ spin_lock_nested(&new_wb->list_lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
+ } else {
+ spin_lock(&new_wb->list_lock);
+ spin_lock_nested(&old_wb->list_lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
+ }
+ spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
+ spin_lock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
+
+ /*
+ * Once I_FREEING is visible under i_lock, the eviction path owns
+ * the inode and we shouldn't modify ->i_wb_list.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(inode->i_state & I_FREEING))
+ goto skip_switch;
+
+ /*
+ * Count and transfer stats. Note that PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY points
+ * to possibly dirty pages while PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK points to
+ * pages actually under underwriteback.
+ */
+ radix_tree_for_each_tagged(slot, &mapping->page_tree, &iter, 0,
+ PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY) {
+ struct page *page = radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(slot,
+ &mapping->tree_lock);
+ if (likely(page) && PageDirty(page)) {
+ __dec_wb_stat(old_wb, WB_RECLAIMABLE);
+ __inc_wb_stat(new_wb, WB_RECLAIMABLE);
+ }
+ }
+
+ radix_tree_for_each_tagged(slot, &mapping->page_tree, &iter, 0,
+ PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK) {
+ struct page *page = radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(slot,
+ &mapping->tree_lock);
+ if (likely(page)) {
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!PageWriteback(page));
+ __dec_wb_stat(old_wb, WB_WRITEBACK);
+ __inc_wb_stat(new_wb, WB_WRITEBACK);
+ }
+ }
+
+ wb_get(new_wb);
+
+ /*
+ * Transfer to @new_wb's IO list if necessary. The specific list
+ * @inode was on is ignored and the inode is put on ->b_dirty which
+ * is always correct including from ->b_dirty_time. The transfer
+ * preserves @inode->dirtied_when ordering.
+ */
+ if (!list_empty(&inode->i_wb_list)) {
+ struct inode *pos;
+
+ inode_wb_list_del_locked(inode, old_wb);
+ inode->i_wb = new_wb;
+ list_for_each_entry(pos, &new_wb->b_dirty, i_wb_list)
+ if (time_after_eq(inode->dirtied_when,
+ pos->dirtied_when))
+ break;
+ inode_wb_list_move_locked(inode, new_wb, pos->i_wb_list.prev);
+ } else {
+ inode->i_wb = new_wb;
+ }
+
+ /* ->i_wb_frn updates may race wbc_detach_inode() but doesn't matter */
+ inode->i_wb_frn_winner = 0;
+ inode->i_wb_frn_avg_time = 0;
+ inode->i_wb_frn_history = 0;
+ switched = true;
+skip_switch:
+ /*
+ * Paired with load_acquire in unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin() and
+ * ensures that the new wb is visible if they see !I_WB_SWITCH.
+ */
+ smp_store_release(&inode->i_state, inode->i_state & ~I_WB_SWITCH);
+
+ spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
+ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+ spin_unlock(&new_wb->list_lock);
+ spin_unlock(&old_wb->list_lock);
+
+ if (switched) {
+ wb_wakeup(new_wb);
+ wb_put(old_wb);
+ }
+ wb_put(new_wb);
+
+ iput(inode);
+ kfree(isw);
+}
+
+static void inode_switch_wbs_rcu_fn(struct rcu_head *rcu_head)
+{
+ struct inode_switch_wbs_context *isw = container_of(rcu_head,
+ struct inode_switch_wbs_context, rcu_head);
+
+ /* needs to grab bh-unsafe locks, bounce to work item */
+ INIT_WORK(&isw->work, inode_switch_wbs_work_fn);
+ schedule_work(&isw->work);
+}
+
+/**
+ * inode_switch_wbs - change the wb association of an inode
+ * @inode: target inode
+ * @new_wb_id: ID of the new wb
+ *
+ * Switch @inode's wb association to the wb identified by @new_wb_id. The
+ * switching is performed asynchronously and may fail silently.
+ */
+static void inode_switch_wbs(struct inode *inode, int new_wb_id)
+{
+ struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(inode);
+ struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css;
+ struct inode_switch_wbs_context *isw;
+
+ /* noop if seems to be already in progress */
+ if (inode->i_state & I_WB_SWITCH)
+ return;
+
+ isw = kzalloc(sizeof(*isw), GFP_ATOMIC);
+ if (!isw)
+ return;
+
+ /* find and pin the new wb */
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ memcg_css = css_from_id(new_wb_id, &memory_cgrp_subsys);
+ if (memcg_css)
+ isw->new_wb = wb_get_create(bdi, memcg_css, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ if (!isw->new_wb)
+ goto out_free;
+
+ /* while holding I_WB_SWITCH, no one else can update the association */
+ spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
+ if (inode->i_state & (I_WB_SWITCH | I_FREEING) ||
+ inode_to_wb(inode) == isw->new_wb) {
+ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+ goto out_free;
+ }
+ inode->i_state |= I_WB_SWITCH;
+ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+
+ ihold(inode);
+ isw->inode = inode;
+
+ /*
+ * In addition to synchronizing among switchers, I_WB_SWITCH tells
+ * the RCU protected stat update paths to grab the mapping's
+ * tree_lock so that stat transfer can synchronize against them.
+ * Let's continue after I_WB_SWITCH is guaranteed to be visible.
+ */
+ call_rcu(&isw->rcu_head, inode_switch_wbs_rcu_fn);
+ return;
+
+out_free:
+ if (isw->new_wb)
+ wb_put(isw->new_wb);
+ kfree(isw);
+}
+
+/**
+ * wbc_attach_and_unlock_inode - associate wbc with target inode and unlock it
+ * @wbc: writeback_control of interest
+ * @inode: target inode
+ *
+ * @inode is locked and about to be written back under the control of @wbc.
+ * Record @inode's writeback context into @wbc and unlock the i_lock. On
+ * writeback completion, wbc_detach_inode() should be called. This is used
+ * to track the cgroup writeback context.
+ */
+void wbc_attach_and_unlock_inode(struct writeback_control *wbc,
+ struct inode *inode)
+{
+ if (!inode_cgwb_enabled(inode)) {
+ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ wbc->wb = inode_to_wb(inode);
+ wbc->inode = inode;
+
+ wbc->wb_id = wbc->wb->memcg_css->id;
+ wbc->wb_lcand_id = inode->i_wb_frn_winner;
+ wbc->wb_tcand_id = 0;
+ wbc->wb_bytes = 0;
+ wbc->wb_lcand_bytes = 0;
+ wbc->wb_tcand_bytes = 0;
+
+ wb_get(wbc->wb);
+ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+
+ /*
+ * A dying wb indicates that the memcg-blkcg mapping has changed
+ * and a new wb is already serving the memcg. Switch immediately.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(wb_dying(wbc->wb)))
+ inode_switch_wbs(inode, wbc->wb_id);
+}
+
+/**
+ * wbc_detach_inode - disassociate wbc from inode and perform foreign detection
+ * @wbc: writeback_control of the just finished writeback
+ *
+ * To be called after a writeback attempt of an inode finishes and undoes
+ * wbc_attach_and_unlock_inode(). Can be called under any context.
+ *
+ * As concurrent write sharing of an inode is expected to be very rare and
+ * memcg only tracks page ownership on first-use basis severely confining
+ * the usefulness of such sharing, cgroup writeback tracks ownership
+ * per-inode. While the support for concurrent write sharing of an inode
+ * is deemed unnecessary, an inode being written to by different cgroups at
+ * different points in time is a lot more common, and, more importantly,
+ * charging only by first-use can too readily lead to grossly incorrect
+ * behaviors (single foreign page can lead to gigabytes of writeback to be
+ * incorrectly attributed).
+ *
+ * To resolve this issue, cgroup writeback detects the majority dirtier of
+ * an inode and transfers the ownership to it. To avoid unnnecessary
+ * oscillation, the detection mechanism keeps track of history and gives
+ * out the switch verdict only if the foreign usage pattern is stable over
+ * a certain amount of time and/or writeback attempts.
+ *
+ * On each writeback attempt, @wbc tries to detect the majority writer
+ * using Boyer-Moore majority vote algorithm. In addition to the byte
+ * count from the majority voting, it also counts the bytes written for the
+ * current wb and the last round's winner wb (max of last round's current
+ * wb, the winner from two rounds ago, and the last round's majority
+ * candidate). Keeping track of the historical winner helps the algorithm
+ * to semi-reliably detect the most active writer even when it's not the
+ * absolute majority.
+ *
+ * Once the winner of the round is determined, whether the winner is
+ * foreign or not and how much IO time the round consumed is recorded in
+ * inode->i_wb_frn_history. If the amount of recorded foreign IO time is
+ * over a certain threshold, the switch verdict is given.
+ */
+void wbc_detach_inode(struct writeback_control *wbc)
+{
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb = wbc->wb;
+ struct inode *inode = wbc->inode;
+ unsigned long avg_time, max_bytes, max_time;
+ u16 history;
+ int max_id;
+
+ if (!wb)
+ return;
+
+ history = inode->i_wb_frn_history;
+ avg_time = inode->i_wb_frn_avg_time;
+
+ /* pick the winner of this round */
+ if (wbc->wb_bytes >= wbc->wb_lcand_bytes &&
+ wbc->wb_bytes >= wbc->wb_tcand_bytes) {
+ max_id = wbc->wb_id;
+ max_bytes = wbc->wb_bytes;
+ } else if (wbc->wb_lcand_bytes >= wbc->wb_tcand_bytes) {
+ max_id = wbc->wb_lcand_id;
+ max_bytes = wbc->wb_lcand_bytes;
+ } else {
+ max_id = wbc->wb_tcand_id;
+ max_bytes = wbc->wb_tcand_bytes;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Calculate the amount of IO time the winner consumed and fold it
+ * into the running average kept per inode. If the consumed IO
+ * time is lower than avag / WB_FRN_TIME_CUT_DIV, ignore it for
+ * deciding whether to switch or not. This is to prevent one-off
+ * small dirtiers from skewing the verdict.
+ */
+ max_time = DIV_ROUND_UP((max_bytes >> PAGE_SHIFT) << WB_FRN_TIME_SHIFT,
+ wb->avg_write_bandwidth);
+ if (avg_time)
+ avg_time += (max_time >> WB_FRN_TIME_AVG_SHIFT) -
+ (avg_time >> WB_FRN_TIME_AVG_SHIFT);
+ else
+ avg_time = max_time; /* immediate catch up on first run */
+
+ if (max_time >= avg_time / WB_FRN_TIME_CUT_DIV) {
+ int slots;
+
+ /*
+ * The switch verdict is reached if foreign wb's consume
+ * more than a certain proportion of IO time in a
+ * WB_FRN_TIME_PERIOD. This is loosely tracked by 16 slot
+ * history mask where each bit represents one sixteenth of
+ * the period. Determine the number of slots to shift into
+ * history from @max_time.
+ */
+ slots = min(DIV_ROUND_UP(max_time, WB_FRN_HIST_UNIT),
+ (unsigned long)WB_FRN_HIST_MAX_SLOTS);
+ history <<= slots;
+ if (wbc->wb_id != max_id)
+ history |= (1U << slots) - 1;
+
+ /*
+ * Switch if the current wb isn't the consistent winner.
+ * If there are multiple closely competing dirtiers, the
+ * inode may switch across them repeatedly over time, which
+ * is okay. The main goal is avoiding keeping an inode on
+ * the wrong wb for an extended period of time.
+ */
+ if (hweight32(history) > WB_FRN_HIST_THR_SLOTS)
+ inode_switch_wbs(inode, max_id);
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Multiple instances of this function may race to update the
+ * following fields but we don't mind occassional inaccuracies.
+ */
+ inode->i_wb_frn_winner = max_id;
+ inode->i_wb_frn_avg_time = min(avg_time, (unsigned long)U16_MAX);
+ inode->i_wb_frn_history = history;
+
+ wb_put(wbc->wb);
+ wbc->wb = NULL;
+}
+
+/**
+ * wbc_account_io - account IO issued during writeback
+ * @wbc: writeback_control of the writeback in progress
+ * @page: page being written out
+ * @bytes: number of bytes being written out
+ *
+ * @bytes from @page are about to written out during the writeback
+ * controlled by @wbc. Keep the book for foreign inode detection. See
+ * wbc_detach_inode().
+ */
+void wbc_account_io(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct page *page,
+ size_t bytes)
+{
+ int id;
+
+ /*
+ * pageout() path doesn't attach @wbc to the inode being written
+ * out. This is intentional as we don't want the function to block
+ * behind a slow cgroup. Ultimately, we want pageout() to kick off
+ * regular writeback instead of writing things out itself.
+ */
+ if (!wbc->wb)
+ return;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ id = mem_cgroup_css_from_page(page)->id;
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+
+ if (id == wbc->wb_id) {
+ wbc->wb_bytes += bytes;
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if (id == wbc->wb_lcand_id)
+ wbc->wb_lcand_bytes += bytes;
+
+ /* Boyer-Moore majority vote algorithm */
+ if (!wbc->wb_tcand_bytes)
+ wbc->wb_tcand_id = id;
+ if (id == wbc->wb_tcand_id)
+ wbc->wb_tcand_bytes += bytes;
+ else
+ wbc->wb_tcand_bytes -= min(bytes, wbc->wb_tcand_bytes);
}
-static void
-__bdi_start_writeback(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, long nr_pages,
- bool range_cyclic, enum wb_reason reason)
+/**
+ * inode_congested - test whether an inode is congested
+ * @inode: inode to test for congestion
+ * @cong_bits: mask of WB_[a]sync_congested bits to test
+ *
+ * Tests whether @inode is congested. @cong_bits is the mask of congestion
+ * bits to test and the return value is the mask of set bits.
+ *
+ * If cgroup writeback is enabled for @inode, the congestion state is
+ * determined by whether the cgwb (cgroup bdi_writeback) for the blkcg
+ * associated with @inode is congested; otherwise, the root wb's congestion
+ * state is used.
+ */
+int inode_congested(struct inode *inode, int cong_bits)
+{
+ /*
+ * Once set, ->i_wb never becomes NULL while the inode is alive.
+ * Start transaction iff ->i_wb is visible.
+ */
+ if (inode && inode_to_wb_is_valid(inode)) {
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb;
+ bool locked, congested;
+
+ wb = unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin(inode, &locked);
+ congested = wb_congested(wb, cong_bits);
+ unlocked_inode_to_wb_end(inode, locked);
+ return congested;
+ }
+
+ return wb_congested(&inode_to_bdi(inode)->wb, cong_bits);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(inode_congested);
+
+/**
+ * wb_wait_for_single_work - wait for completion of a single bdi_writeback_work
+ * @bdi: bdi the work item was issued to
+ * @work: work item to wait for
+ *
+ * Wait for the completion of @work which was issued to one of @bdi's
+ * bdi_writeback's. The caller must have set @work->single_wait before
+ * issuing it. This wait operates independently fo
+ * wb_wait_for_completion() and also disables automatic freeing of @work.
+ */
+static void wb_wait_for_single_work(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
+ struct wb_writeback_work *work)
+{
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!work->single_wait))
+ return;
+
+ wait_event(bdi->wb_waitq, work->single_done);
+
+ /*
+ * Paired with smp_wmb() in wb_do_writeback() and ensures that all
+ * modifications to @work prior to assertion of ->single_done is
+ * visible to the caller once this function returns.
+ */
+ smp_rmb();
+}
+
+/**
+ * wb_split_bdi_pages - split nr_pages to write according to bandwidth
+ * @wb: target bdi_writeback to split @nr_pages to
+ * @nr_pages: number of pages to write for the whole bdi
+ *
+ * Split @wb's portion of @nr_pages according to @wb's write bandwidth in
+ * relation to the total write bandwidth of all wb's w/ dirty inodes on
+ * @wb->bdi.
+ */
+static long wb_split_bdi_pages(struct bdi_writeback *wb, long nr_pages)
+{
+ unsigned long this_bw = wb->avg_write_bandwidth;
+ unsigned long tot_bw = atomic_long_read(&wb->bdi->tot_write_bandwidth);
+
+ if (nr_pages == LONG_MAX)
+ return LONG_MAX;
+
+ /*
+ * This may be called on clean wb's and proportional distribution
+ * may not make sense, just use the original @nr_pages in those
+ * cases. In general, we wanna err on the side of writing more.
+ */
+ if (!tot_bw || this_bw >= tot_bw)
+ return nr_pages;
+ else
+ return DIV_ROUND_UP_ULL((u64)nr_pages * this_bw, tot_bw);
+}
+
+/**
+ * wb_clone_and_queue_work - clone a wb_writeback_work and issue it to a wb
+ * @wb: target bdi_writeback
+ * @base_work: source wb_writeback_work
+ *
+ * Try to make a clone of @base_work and issue it to @wb. If cloning
+ * succeeds, %true is returned; otherwise, @base_work is issued directly
+ * and %false is returned. In the latter case, the caller is required to
+ * wait for @base_work's completion using wb_wait_for_single_work().
+ *
+ * A clone is auto-freed on completion. @base_work never is.
+ */
+static bool wb_clone_and_queue_work(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
+ struct wb_writeback_work *base_work)
{
struct wb_writeback_work *work;
+ work = kmalloc(sizeof(*work), GFP_ATOMIC);
+ if (work) {
+ *work = *base_work;
+ work->auto_free = 1;
+ work->single_wait = 0;
+ } else {
+ work = base_work;
+ work->auto_free = 0;
+ work->single_wait = 1;
+ }
+ work->single_done = 0;
+ wb_queue_work(wb, work);
+ return work != base_work;
+}
+
+/**
+ * bdi_split_work_to_wbs - split a wb_writeback_work to all wb's of a bdi
+ * @bdi: target backing_dev_info
+ * @base_work: wb_writeback_work to issue
+ * @skip_if_busy: skip wb's which already have writeback in progress
+ *
+ * Split and issue @base_work to all wb's (bdi_writeback's) of @bdi which
+ * have dirty inodes. If @base_work->nr_page isn't %LONG_MAX, it's
+ * distributed to the busy wbs according to each wb's proportion in the
+ * total active write bandwidth of @bdi.
+ */
+static void bdi_split_work_to_wbs(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
+ struct wb_writeback_work *base_work,
+ bool skip_if_busy)
+{
+ long nr_pages = base_work->nr_pages;
+ int next_blkcg_id = 0;
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb;
+ struct wb_iter iter;
+
+ might_sleep();
+
+ if (!bdi_has_dirty_io(bdi))
+ return;
+restart:
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ bdi_for_each_wb(wb, bdi, &iter, next_blkcg_id) {
+ if (!wb_has_dirty_io(wb) ||
+ (skip_if_busy && writeback_in_progress(wb)))
+ continue;
+
+ base_work->nr_pages = wb_split_bdi_pages(wb, nr_pages);
+ if (!wb_clone_and_queue_work(wb, base_work)) {
+ next_blkcg_id = wb->blkcg_css->id + 1;
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ wb_wait_for_single_work(bdi, base_work);
+ goto restart;
+ }
+ }
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+}
+
+#else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */
+
+static struct bdi_writeback *
+locked_inode_to_wb_and_lock_list(struct inode *inode)
+ __releases(&inode->i_lock)
+ __acquires(&wb->list_lock)
+{
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb = inode_to_wb(inode);
+
+ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+ spin_lock(&wb->list_lock);
+ return wb;
+}
+
+static struct bdi_writeback *inode_to_wb_and_lock_list(struct inode *inode)
+ __acquires(&wb->list_lock)
+{
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb = inode_to_wb(inode);
+
+ spin_lock(&wb->list_lock);
+ return wb;
+}
+
+static long wb_split_bdi_pages(struct bdi_writeback *wb, long nr_pages)
+{
+ return nr_pages;
+}
+
+static void bdi_split_work_to_wbs(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
+ struct wb_writeback_work *base_work,
+ bool skip_if_busy)
+{
+ might_sleep();
+
+ if (bdi_has_dirty_io(bdi) &&
+ (!skip_if_busy || !writeback_in_progress(&bdi->wb))) {
+ base_work->auto_free = 0;
+ base_work->single_wait = 0;
+ base_work->single_done = 0;
+ wb_queue_work(&bdi->wb, base_work);
+ }
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */
+
+void wb_start_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb, long nr_pages,
+ bool range_cyclic, enum wb_reason reason)
+{
+ struct wb_writeback_work *work;
+
+ if (!wb_has_dirty_io(wb))
+ return;
+
/*
* This is WB_SYNC_NONE writeback, so if allocation fails just
* wakeup the thread for old dirty data writeback
*/
work = kzalloc(sizeof(*work), GFP_ATOMIC);
if (!work) {
- trace_writeback_nowork(bdi);
- bdi_wakeup_thread(bdi);
+ trace_writeback_nowork(wb->bdi);
+ wb_wakeup(wb);
return;
}
@@ -155,46 +932,29 @@ __bdi_start_writeback(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, long nr_pages,
work->nr_pages = nr_pages;
work->range_cyclic = range_cyclic;
work->reason = reason;
+ work->auto_free = 1;
- bdi_queue_work(bdi, work);
+ wb_queue_work(wb, work);
}
/**
- * bdi_start_writeback - start writeback
- * @bdi: the backing device to write from
- * @nr_pages: the number of pages to write
- * @reason: reason why some writeback work was initiated
- *
- * Description:
- * This does WB_SYNC_NONE opportunistic writeback. The IO is only
- * started when this function returns, we make no guarantees on
- * completion. Caller need not hold sb s_umount semaphore.
- *
- */
-void bdi_start_writeback(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, long nr_pages,
- enum wb_reason reason)
-{
- __bdi_start_writeback(bdi, nr_pages, true, reason);
-}
-
-/**
- * bdi_start_background_writeback - start background writeback
- * @bdi: the backing device to write from
+ * wb_start_background_writeback - start background writeback
+ * @wb: bdi_writback to write from
*
* Description:
* This makes sure WB_SYNC_NONE background writeback happens. When
- * this function returns, it is only guaranteed that for given BDI
+ * this function returns, it is only guaranteed that for given wb
* some IO is happening if we are over background dirty threshold.
* Caller need not hold sb s_umount semaphore.
*/
-void bdi_start_background_writeback(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+void wb_start_background_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
/*
* We just wake up the flusher thread. It will perform background
* writeback as soon as there is no other work to do.
*/
- trace_writeback_wake_background(bdi);
- bdi_wakeup_thread(bdi);
+ trace_writeback_wake_background(wb->bdi);
+ wb_wakeup(wb);
}
/*
@@ -202,11 +962,11 @@ void bdi_start_background_writeback(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
*/
void inode_wb_list_del(struct inode *inode)
{
- struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(inode);
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb;
- spin_lock(&bdi->wb.list_lock);
- list_del_init(&inode->i_wb_list);
- spin_unlock(&bdi->wb.list_lock);
+ wb = inode_to_wb_and_lock_list(inode);
+ inode_wb_list_del_locked(inode, wb);
+ spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock);
}
/*
@@ -220,7 +980,6 @@ void inode_wb_list_del(struct inode *inode)
*/
static void redirty_tail(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
- assert_spin_locked(&wb->list_lock);
if (!list_empty(&wb->b_dirty)) {
struct inode *tail;
@@ -228,7 +987,7 @@ static void redirty_tail(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *wb)
if (time_before(inode->dirtied_when, tail->dirtied_when))
inode->dirtied_when = jiffies;
}
- list_move(&inode->i_wb_list, &wb->b_dirty);
+ inode_wb_list_move_locked(inode, wb, &wb->b_dirty);
}
/*
@@ -236,8 +995,7 @@ static void redirty_tail(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *wb)
*/
static void requeue_io(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
- assert_spin_locked(&wb->list_lock);
- list_move(&inode->i_wb_list, &wb->b_more_io);
+ inode_wb_list_move_locked(inode, wb, &wb->b_more_io);
}
static void inode_sync_complete(struct inode *inode)
@@ -346,6 +1104,8 @@ static void queue_io(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct wb_writeback_work *work)
moved = move_expired_inodes(&wb->b_dirty, &wb->b_io, 0, work);
moved += move_expired_inodes(&wb->b_dirty_time, &wb->b_io,
EXPIRE_DIRTY_ATIME, work);
+ if (moved)
+ wb_io_lists_populated(wb);
trace_writeback_queue_io(wb, work, moved);
}
@@ -471,10 +1231,10 @@ static void requeue_inode(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *wb,
redirty_tail(inode, wb);
} else if (inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_TIME) {
inode->dirtied_when = jiffies;
- list_move(&inode->i_wb_list, &wb->b_dirty_time);
+ inode_wb_list_move_locked(inode, wb, &wb->b_dirty_time);
} else {
/* The inode is clean. Remove from writeback lists. */
- list_del_init(&inode->i_wb_list);
+ inode_wb_list_del_locked(inode, wb);
}
}
@@ -605,10 +1365,11 @@ writeback_single_inode(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *wb,
!mapping_tagged(inode->i_mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK)))
goto out;
inode->i_state |= I_SYNC;
- spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+ wbc_attach_and_unlock_inode(wbc, inode);
ret = __writeback_single_inode(inode, wbc);
+ wbc_detach_inode(wbc);
spin_lock(&wb->list_lock);
spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
/*
@@ -616,7 +1377,7 @@ writeback_single_inode(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *wb,
* touch it. See comment above for explanation.
*/
if (!(inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_ALL))
- list_del_init(&inode->i_wb_list);
+ inode_wb_list_del_locked(inode, wb);
spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock);
inode_sync_complete(inode);
out:
@@ -624,7 +1385,7 @@ out:
return ret;
}
-static long writeback_chunk_size(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
+static long writeback_chunk_size(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
struct wb_writeback_work *work)
{
long pages;
@@ -645,8 +1406,8 @@ static long writeback_chunk_size(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
if (work->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL || work->tagged_writepages)
pages = LONG_MAX;
else {
- pages = min(bdi->avg_write_bandwidth / 2,
- global_dirty_limit / DIRTY_SCOPE);
+ pages = min(wb->avg_write_bandwidth / 2,
+ global_wb_domain.dirty_limit / DIRTY_SCOPE);
pages = min(pages, work->nr_pages);
pages = round_down(pages + MIN_WRITEBACK_PAGES,
MIN_WRITEBACK_PAGES);
@@ -741,9 +1502,9 @@ static long writeback_sb_inodes(struct super_block *sb,
continue;
}
inode->i_state |= I_SYNC;
- spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+ wbc_attach_and_unlock_inode(&wbc, inode);
- write_chunk = writeback_chunk_size(wb->bdi, work);
+ write_chunk = writeback_chunk_size(wb, work);
wbc.nr_to_write = write_chunk;
wbc.pages_skipped = 0;
@@ -753,6 +1514,7 @@ static long writeback_sb_inodes(struct super_block *sb,
*/
__writeback_single_inode(inode, &wbc);
+ wbc_detach_inode(&wbc);
work->nr_pages -= write_chunk - wbc.nr_to_write;
wrote += write_chunk - wbc.nr_to_write;
spin_lock(&wb->list_lock);
@@ -830,33 +1592,6 @@ static long writeback_inodes_wb(struct bdi_writeback *wb, long nr_pages,
return nr_pages - work.nr_pages;
}
-static bool over_bground_thresh(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
-{
- unsigned long background_thresh, dirty_thresh;
-
- global_dirty_limits(&background_thresh, &dirty_thresh);
-
- if (global_page_state(NR_FILE_DIRTY) +
- global_page_state(NR_UNSTABLE_NFS) > background_thresh)
- return true;
-
- if (bdi_stat(bdi, BDI_RECLAIMABLE) >
- bdi_dirty_limit(bdi, background_thresh))
- return true;
-
- return false;
-}
-
-/*
- * Called under wb->list_lock. If there are multiple wb per bdi,
- * only the flusher working on the first wb should do it.
- */
-static void wb_update_bandwidth(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
- unsigned long start_time)
-{
- __bdi_update_bandwidth(wb->bdi, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, start_time);
-}
-
/*
* Explicit flushing or periodic writeback of "old" data.
*
@@ -899,14 +1634,14 @@ static long wb_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
* after the other works are all done.
*/
if ((work->for_background || work->for_kupdate) &&
- !list_empty(&wb->bdi->work_list))
+ !list_empty(&wb->work_list))
break;
/*
* For background writeout, stop when we are below the
* background dirty threshold
*/
- if (work->for_background && !over_bground_thresh(wb->bdi))
+ if (work->for_background && !wb_over_bg_thresh(wb))
break;
/*
@@ -970,18 +1705,17 @@ static long wb_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
/*
* Return the next wb_writeback_work struct that hasn't been processed yet.
*/
-static struct wb_writeback_work *
-get_next_work_item(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+static struct wb_writeback_work *get_next_work_item(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
struct wb_writeback_work *work = NULL;
- spin_lock_bh(&bdi->wb_lock);
- if (!list_empty(&bdi->work_list)) {
- work = list_entry(bdi->work_list.next,
+ spin_lock_bh(&wb->work_lock);
+ if (!list_empty(&wb->work_list)) {
+ work = list_entry(wb->work_list.next,
struct wb_writeback_work, list);
list_del_init(&work->list);
}
- spin_unlock_bh(&bdi->wb_lock);
+ spin_unlock_bh(&wb->work_lock);
return work;
}
@@ -998,7 +1732,7 @@ static unsigned long get_nr_dirty_pages(void)
static long wb_check_background_flush(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
- if (over_bground_thresh(wb->bdi)) {
+ if (wb_over_bg_thresh(wb)) {
struct wb_writeback_work work = {
.nr_pages = LONG_MAX,
@@ -1053,25 +1787,33 @@ static long wb_check_old_data_flush(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
*/
static long wb_do_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
- struct backing_dev_info *bdi = wb->bdi;
struct wb_writeback_work *work;
long wrote = 0;
- set_bit(BDI_writeback_running, &wb->bdi->state);
- while ((work = get_next_work_item(bdi)) != NULL) {
+ set_bit(WB_writeback_running, &wb->state);
+ while ((work = get_next_work_item(wb)) != NULL) {
+ struct wb_completion *done = work->done;
+ bool need_wake_up = false;
- trace_writeback_exec(bdi, work);
+ trace_writeback_exec(wb->bdi, work);
wrote += wb_writeback(wb, work);
- /*
- * Notify the caller of completion if this is a synchronous
- * work item, otherwise just free it.
- */
- if (work->done)
- complete(work->done);
- else
+ if (work->single_wait) {
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(work->auto_free);
+ /* paired w/ rmb in wb_wait_for_single_work() */
+ smp_wmb();
+ work->single_done = 1;
+ need_wake_up = true;
+ } else if (work->auto_free) {
kfree(work);
+ }
+
+ if (done && atomic_dec_and_test(&done->cnt))
+ need_wake_up = true;
+
+ if (need_wake_up)
+ wake_up_all(&wb->bdi->wb_waitq);
}
/*
@@ -1079,7 +1821,7 @@ static long wb_do_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
*/
wrote += wb_check_old_data_flush(wb);
wrote += wb_check_background_flush(wb);
- clear_bit(BDI_writeback_running, &wb->bdi->state);
+ clear_bit(WB_writeback_running, &wb->state);
return wrote;
}
@@ -1088,43 +1830,42 @@ static long wb_do_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
* Handle writeback of dirty data for the device backed by this bdi. Also
* reschedules periodically and does kupdated style flushing.
*/
-void bdi_writeback_workfn(struct work_struct *work)
+void wb_workfn(struct work_struct *work)
{
struct bdi_writeback *wb = container_of(to_delayed_work(work),
struct bdi_writeback, dwork);
- struct backing_dev_info *bdi = wb->bdi;
long pages_written;
- set_worker_desc("flush-%s", dev_name(bdi->dev));
+ set_worker_desc("flush-%s", dev_name(wb->bdi->dev));
current->flags |= PF_SWAPWRITE;
if (likely(!current_is_workqueue_rescuer() ||
- !test_bit(BDI_registered, &bdi->state))) {
+ !test_bit(WB_registered, &wb->state))) {
/*
- * The normal path. Keep writing back @bdi until its
+ * The normal path. Keep writing back @wb until its
* work_list is empty. Note that this path is also taken
- * if @bdi is shutting down even when we're running off the
+ * if @wb is shutting down even when we're running off the
* rescuer as work_list needs to be drained.
*/
do {
pages_written = wb_do_writeback(wb);
trace_writeback_pages_written(pages_written);
- } while (!list_empty(&bdi->work_list));
+ } while (!list_empty(&wb->work_list));
} else {
/*
* bdi_wq can't get enough workers and we're running off
* the emergency worker. Don't hog it. Hopefully, 1024 is
* enough for efficient IO.
*/
- pages_written = writeback_inodes_wb(&bdi->wb, 1024,
+ pages_written = writeback_inodes_wb(wb, 1024,
WB_REASON_FORKER_THREAD);
trace_writeback_pages_written(pages_written);
}
- if (!list_empty(&bdi->work_list))
+ if (!list_empty(&wb->work_list))
mod_delayed_work(bdi_wq, &wb->dwork, 0);
else if (wb_has_dirty_io(wb) && dirty_writeback_interval)
- bdi_wakeup_thread_delayed(bdi);
+ wb_wakeup_delayed(wb);
current->flags &= ~PF_SWAPWRITE;
}
@@ -1142,9 +1883,15 @@ void wakeup_flusher_threads(long nr_pages, enum wb_reason reason)
rcu_read_lock();
list_for_each_entry_rcu(bdi, &bdi_list, bdi_list) {
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb;
+ struct wb_iter iter;
+
if (!bdi_has_dirty_io(bdi))
continue;
- __bdi_start_writeback(bdi, nr_pages, false, reason);
+
+ bdi_for_each_wb(wb, bdi, &iter, 0)
+ wb_start_writeback(wb, wb_split_bdi_pages(wb, nr_pages),
+ false, reason);
}
rcu_read_unlock();
}
@@ -1173,9 +1920,12 @@ static void wakeup_dirtytime_writeback(struct work_struct *w)
rcu_read_lock();
list_for_each_entry_rcu(bdi, &bdi_list, bdi_list) {
- if (list_empty(&bdi->wb.b_dirty_time))
- continue;
- bdi_wakeup_thread(bdi);
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb;
+ struct wb_iter iter;
+
+ bdi_for_each_wb(wb, bdi, &iter, 0)
+ if (!list_empty(&bdi->wb.b_dirty_time))
+ wb_wakeup(&bdi->wb);
}
rcu_read_unlock();
schedule_delayed_work(&dirtytime_work, dirtytime_expire_interval * HZ);
@@ -1249,7 +1999,6 @@ static noinline void block_dump___mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *inode)
void __mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *inode, int flags)
{
struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
- struct backing_dev_info *bdi = NULL;
int dirtytime;
trace_writeback_mark_inode_dirty(inode, flags);
@@ -1289,6 +2038,8 @@ void __mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *inode, int flags)
if ((inode->i_state & flags) != flags) {
const int was_dirty = inode->i_state & I_DIRTY;
+ inode_attach_wb(inode, NULL);
+
if (flags & I_DIRTY_INODE)
inode->i_state &= ~I_DIRTY_TIME;
inode->i_state |= flags;
@@ -1317,38 +2068,39 @@ void __mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *inode, int flags)
* reposition it (that would break b_dirty time-ordering).
*/
if (!was_dirty) {
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb;
+ struct list_head *dirty_list;
bool wakeup_bdi = false;
- bdi = inode_to_bdi(inode);
- spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
- spin_lock(&bdi->wb.list_lock);
- if (bdi_cap_writeback_dirty(bdi)) {
- WARN(!test_bit(BDI_registered, &bdi->state),
- "bdi-%s not registered\n", bdi->name);
+ wb = locked_inode_to_wb_and_lock_list(inode);
- /*
- * If this is the first dirty inode for this
- * bdi, we have to wake-up the corresponding
- * bdi thread to make sure background
- * write-back happens later.
- */
- if (!wb_has_dirty_io(&bdi->wb))
- wakeup_bdi = true;
- }
+ WARN(bdi_cap_writeback_dirty(wb->bdi) &&
+ !test_bit(WB_registered, &wb->state),
+ "bdi-%s not registered\n", wb->bdi->name);
inode->dirtied_when = jiffies;
if (dirtytime)
inode->dirtied_time_when = jiffies;
+
if (inode->i_state & (I_DIRTY_INODE | I_DIRTY_PAGES))
- list_move(&inode->i_wb_list, &bdi->wb.b_dirty);
+ dirty_list = &wb->b_dirty;
else
- list_move(&inode->i_wb_list,
- &bdi->wb.b_dirty_time);
- spin_unlock(&bdi->wb.list_lock);
+ dirty_list = &wb->b_dirty_time;
+
+ wakeup_bdi = inode_wb_list_move_locked(inode, wb,
+ dirty_list);
+
+ spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock);
trace_writeback_dirty_inode_enqueue(inode);
- if (wakeup_bdi)
- bdi_wakeup_thread_delayed(bdi);
+ /*
+ * If this is the first dirty inode for this bdi,
+ * we have to wake-up the corresponding bdi thread
+ * to make sure background write-back happens
+ * later.
+ */
+ if (bdi_cap_writeback_dirty(wb->bdi) && wakeup_bdi)
+ wb_wakeup_delayed(wb);
return;
}
}
@@ -1411,6 +2163,28 @@ static void wait_sb_inodes(struct super_block *sb)
iput(old_inode);
}
+static void __writeback_inodes_sb_nr(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long nr,
+ enum wb_reason reason, bool skip_if_busy)
+{
+ DEFINE_WB_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(done);
+ struct wb_writeback_work work = {
+ .sb = sb,
+ .sync_mode = WB_SYNC_NONE,
+ .tagged_writepages = 1,
+ .done = &done,
+ .nr_pages = nr,
+ .reason = reason,
+ };
+ struct backing_dev_info *bdi = sb->s_bdi;
+
+ if (!bdi_has_dirty_io(bdi) || bdi == &noop_backing_dev_info)
+ return;
+ WARN_ON(!rwsem_is_locked(&sb->s_umount));
+
+ bdi_split_work_to_wbs(sb->s_bdi, &work, skip_if_busy);
+ wb_wait_for_completion(bdi, &done);
+}
+
/**
* writeback_inodes_sb_nr - writeback dirty inodes from given super_block
* @sb: the superblock
@@ -1425,21 +2199,7 @@ void writeback_inodes_sb_nr(struct super_block *sb,
unsigned long nr,
enum wb_reason reason)
{
- DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(done);
- struct wb_writeback_work work = {
- .sb = sb,
- .sync_mode = WB_SYNC_NONE,
- .tagged_writepages = 1,
- .done = &done,
- .nr_pages = nr,
- .reason = reason,
- };
-
- if (sb->s_bdi == &noop_backing_dev_info)
- return;
- WARN_ON(!rwsem_is_locked(&sb->s_umount));
- bdi_queue_work(sb->s_bdi, &work);
- wait_for_completion(&done);
+ __writeback_inodes_sb_nr(sb, nr, reason, false);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(writeback_inodes_sb_nr);
@@ -1467,19 +2227,15 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(writeback_inodes_sb);
* Invoke writeback_inodes_sb_nr if no writeback is currently underway.
* Returns 1 if writeback was started, 0 if not.
*/
-int try_to_writeback_inodes_sb_nr(struct super_block *sb,
- unsigned long nr,
- enum wb_reason reason)
+bool try_to_writeback_inodes_sb_nr(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long nr,
+ enum wb_reason reason)
{
- if (writeback_in_progress(sb->s_bdi))
- return 1;
-
if (!down_read_trylock(&sb->s_umount))
- return 0;
+ return false;
- writeback_inodes_sb_nr(sb, nr, reason);
+ __writeback_inodes_sb_nr(sb, nr, reason, true);
up_read(&sb->s_umount);
- return 1;
+ return true;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(try_to_writeback_inodes_sb_nr);
@@ -1491,7 +2247,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(try_to_writeback_inodes_sb_nr);
* Implement by try_to_writeback_inodes_sb_nr()
* Returns 1 if writeback was started, 0 if not.
*/
-int try_to_writeback_inodes_sb(struct super_block *sb, enum wb_reason reason)
+bool try_to_writeback_inodes_sb(struct super_block *sb, enum wb_reason reason)
{
return try_to_writeback_inodes_sb_nr(sb, get_nr_dirty_pages(), reason);
}
@@ -1506,7 +2262,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(try_to_writeback_inodes_sb);
*/
void sync_inodes_sb(struct super_block *sb)
{
- DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(done);
+ DEFINE_WB_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(done);
struct wb_writeback_work work = {
.sb = sb,
.sync_mode = WB_SYNC_ALL,
@@ -1516,14 +2272,15 @@ void sync_inodes_sb(struct super_block *sb)
.reason = WB_REASON_SYNC,
.for_sync = 1,
};
+ struct backing_dev_info *bdi = sb->s_bdi;
/* Nothing to do? */
- if (sb->s_bdi == &noop_backing_dev_info)
+ if (!bdi_has_dirty_io(bdi) || bdi == &noop_backing_dev_info)
return;
WARN_ON(!rwsem_is_locked(&sb->s_umount));
- bdi_queue_work(sb->s_bdi, &work);
- wait_for_completion(&done);
+ bdi_split_work_to_wbs(bdi, &work, false);
+ wb_wait_for_completion(bdi, &done);
wait_sb_inodes(sb);
}
diff --git a/fs/fuse/file.c b/fs/fuse/file.c
index 5ef05b5c4cff..8c5e2fa68835 100644
--- a/fs/fuse/file.c
+++ b/fs/fuse/file.c
@@ -1445,9 +1445,9 @@ static void fuse_writepage_finish(struct fuse_conn *fc, struct fuse_req *req)
list_del(&req->writepages_entry);
for (i = 0; i < req->num_pages; i++) {
- dec_bdi_stat(bdi, BDI_WRITEBACK);
+ dec_wb_stat(&bdi->wb, WB_WRITEBACK);
dec_zone_page_state(req->pages[i], NR_WRITEBACK_TEMP);
- bdi_writeout_inc(bdi);
+ wb_writeout_inc(&bdi->wb);
}
wake_up(&fi->page_waitq);
}
@@ -1634,7 +1634,7 @@ static int fuse_writepage_locked(struct page *page)
req->end = fuse_writepage_end;
req->inode = inode;
- inc_bdi_stat(inode_to_bdi(inode), BDI_WRITEBACK);
+ inc_wb_stat(&inode_to_bdi(inode)->wb, WB_WRITEBACK);
inc_zone_page_state(tmp_page, NR_WRITEBACK_TEMP);
spin_lock(&fc->lock);
@@ -1749,9 +1749,9 @@ static bool fuse_writepage_in_flight(struct fuse_req *new_req,
copy_highpage(old_req->pages[0], page);
spin_unlock(&fc->lock);
- dec_bdi_stat(bdi, BDI_WRITEBACK);
+ dec_wb_stat(&bdi->wb, WB_WRITEBACK);
dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_WRITEBACK_TEMP);
- bdi_writeout_inc(bdi);
+ wb_writeout_inc(&bdi->wb);
fuse_writepage_free(fc, new_req);
fuse_request_free(new_req);
goto out;
@@ -1848,7 +1848,7 @@ static int fuse_writepages_fill(struct page *page,
req->page_descs[req->num_pages].offset = 0;
req->page_descs[req->num_pages].length = PAGE_SIZE;
- inc_bdi_stat(inode_to_bdi(inode), BDI_WRITEBACK);
+ inc_wb_stat(&inode_to_bdi(inode)->wb, WB_WRITEBACK);
inc_zone_page_state(tmp_page, NR_WRITEBACK_TEMP);
err = 0;
diff --git a/fs/gfs2/super.c b/fs/gfs2/super.c
index 859c6edbf81a..2982445947e1 100644
--- a/fs/gfs2/super.c
+++ b/fs/gfs2/super.c
@@ -748,7 +748,7 @@ static int gfs2_write_inode(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc)
if (wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL)
gfs2_log_flush(GFS2_SB(inode), ip->i_gl, NORMAL_FLUSH);
- if (bdi->dirty_exceeded)
+ if (bdi->wb.dirty_exceeded)
gfs2_ail1_flush(sdp, wbc);
else
filemap_fdatawrite(metamapping);
diff --git a/fs/hfs/super.c b/fs/hfs/super.c
index eee7206c38d1..55c03b9e9070 100644
--- a/fs/hfs/super.c
+++ b/fs/hfs/super.c
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/nls.h>
diff --git a/fs/hfsplus/super.c b/fs/hfsplus/super.c
index 593af2fdcc2d..7302d96ae8bf 100644
--- a/fs/hfsplus/super.c
+++ b/fs/hfsplus/super.c
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/vfs.h>
diff --git a/fs/inode.c b/fs/inode.c
index e8d62688ed91..069721f0cc0e 100644
--- a/fs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/inode.c
@@ -224,6 +224,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(free_inode_nonrcu);
void __destroy_inode(struct inode *inode)
{
BUG_ON(inode_has_buffers(inode));
+ inode_detach_wb(inode);
security_inode_free(inode);
fsnotify_inode_delete(inode);
locks_free_lock_context(inode->i_flctx);
diff --git a/fs/mpage.c b/fs/mpage.c
index 3e79220babac..ca0244b69de8 100644
--- a/fs/mpage.c
+++ b/fs/mpage.c
@@ -605,6 +605,8 @@ alloc_new:
bio_get_nr_vecs(bdev), GFP_NOFS|__GFP_HIGH);
if (bio == NULL)
goto confused;
+
+ wbc_init_bio(wbc, bio);
}
/*
@@ -612,6 +614,7 @@ alloc_new:
* the confused fail path above (OOM) will be very confused when
* it finds all bh marked clean (i.e. it will not write anything)
*/
+ wbc_account_io(wbc, page, PAGE_SIZE);
length = first_unmapped << blkbits;
if (bio_add_page(bio, page, length, 0) < length) {
bio = mpage_bio_submit(WRITE, bio);
diff --git a/fs/nfs/filelayout/filelayout.c b/fs/nfs/filelayout/filelayout.c
index a46bf6de9ce4..b34f2e228601 100644
--- a/fs/nfs/filelayout/filelayout.c
+++ b/fs/nfs/filelayout/filelayout.c
@@ -32,6 +32,7 @@
#include <linux/nfs_fs.h>
#include <linux/nfs_page.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/sunrpc/metrics.h>
diff --git a/fs/nfs/internal.h b/fs/nfs/internal.h
index 9e6475bc5ba2..7e3c4604bea8 100644
--- a/fs/nfs/internal.h
+++ b/fs/nfs/internal.h
@@ -607,7 +607,7 @@ void nfs_mark_page_unstable(struct page *page)
struct inode *inode = page_file_mapping(page)->host;
inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_UNSTABLE_NFS);
- inc_bdi_stat(inode_to_bdi(inode), BDI_RECLAIMABLE);
+ inc_wb_stat(&inode_to_bdi(inode)->wb, WB_RECLAIMABLE);
__mark_inode_dirty(inode, I_DIRTY_DATASYNC);
}
diff --git a/fs/nfs/write.c b/fs/nfs/write.c
index dfc19f1575a1..e6c262555e08 100644
--- a/fs/nfs/write.c
+++ b/fs/nfs/write.c
@@ -853,7 +853,8 @@ static void
nfs_clear_page_commit(struct page *page)
{
dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_UNSTABLE_NFS);
- dec_bdi_stat(inode_to_bdi(page_file_mapping(page)->host), BDI_RECLAIMABLE);
+ dec_wb_stat(&inode_to_bdi(page_file_mapping(page)->host)->wb,
+ WB_RECLAIMABLE);
}
/* Called holding inode (/cinfo) lock */
diff --git a/fs/ocfs2/file.c b/fs/ocfs2/file.c
index fbfadb289e62..719f7f4c7a37 100644
--- a/fs/ocfs2/file.c
+++ b/fs/ocfs2/file.c
@@ -37,6 +37,7 @@
#include <linux/falloc.h>
#include <linux/quotaops.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <cluster/masklog.h>
diff --git a/fs/reiserfs/super.c b/fs/reiserfs/super.c
index 0111ad0466ed..3e0af317fcc3 100644
--- a/fs/reiserfs/super.c
+++ b/fs/reiserfs/super.c
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
#include "xattr.h"
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/exportfs.h>
#include <linux/quotaops.h>
diff --git a/fs/ufs/super.c b/fs/ufs/super.c
index b3bc3e7ae79d..098508a93c7b 100644
--- a/fs/ufs/super.c
+++ b/fs/ufs/super.c
@@ -80,6 +80,7 @@
#include <linux/stat.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/parser.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_aops.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_aops.c
index 095f94c2d8b5..e5099f268032 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_aops.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_aops.c
@@ -1873,6 +1873,7 @@ xfs_vm_set_page_dirty(
loff_t end_offset;
loff_t offset;
int newly_dirty;
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
if (unlikely(!mapping))
return !TestSetPageDirty(page);
@@ -1892,6 +1893,11 @@ xfs_vm_set_page_dirty(
offset += 1 << inode->i_blkbits;
} while (bh != head);
}
+ /*
+ * Use mem_group_begin_page_stat() to keep PageDirty synchronized with
+ * per-memcg dirty page counters.
+ */
+ memcg = mem_cgroup_begin_page_stat(page);
newly_dirty = !TestSetPageDirty(page);
spin_unlock(&mapping->private_lock);
@@ -1902,13 +1908,15 @@ xfs_vm_set_page_dirty(
spin_lock_irqsave(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
if (page->mapping) { /* Race with truncate? */
WARN_ON_ONCE(!PageUptodate(page));
- account_page_dirtied(page, mapping);
+ account_page_dirtied(page, mapping, memcg);
radix_tree_tag_set(&mapping->page_tree,
page_index(page), PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY);
}
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
- __mark_inode_dirty(mapping->host, I_DIRTY_PAGES);
}
+ mem_cgroup_end_page_stat(memcg);
+ if (newly_dirty)
+ __mark_inode_dirty(mapping->host, I_DIRTY_PAGES);
return newly_dirty;
}
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_file.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_file.c
index 3b7591224f4a..7c62fca53e2f 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_file.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_file.c
@@ -41,6 +41,7 @@
#include <linux/dcache.h>
#include <linux/falloc.h>
#include <linux/pagevec.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
static const struct vm_operations_struct xfs_file_vm_ops;
diff --git a/include/linux/backing-dev-defs.h b/include/linux/backing-dev-defs.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..a48d90e3bcbb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/backing-dev-defs.h
@@ -0,0 +1,255 @@
+#ifndef __LINUX_BACKING_DEV_DEFS_H
+#define __LINUX_BACKING_DEV_DEFS_H
+
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/radix-tree.h>
+#include <linux/rbtree.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/percpu_counter.h>
+#include <linux/percpu-refcount.h>
+#include <linux/flex_proportions.h>
+#include <linux/timer.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+
+struct page;
+struct device;
+struct dentry;
+
+/*
+ * Bits in bdi_writeback.state
+ */
+enum wb_state {
+ WB_registered, /* bdi_register() was done */
+ WB_writeback_running, /* Writeback is in progress */
+ WB_has_dirty_io, /* Dirty inodes on ->b_{dirty|io|more_io} */
+};
+
+enum wb_congested_state {
+ WB_async_congested, /* The async (write) queue is getting full */
+ WB_sync_congested, /* The sync queue is getting full */
+};
+
+typedef int (congested_fn)(void *, int);
+
+enum wb_stat_item {
+ WB_RECLAIMABLE,
+ WB_WRITEBACK,
+ WB_DIRTIED,
+ WB_WRITTEN,
+ NR_WB_STAT_ITEMS
+};
+
+#define WB_STAT_BATCH (8*(1+ilog2(nr_cpu_ids)))
+
+/*
+ * For cgroup writeback, multiple wb's may map to the same blkcg. Those
+ * wb's can operate mostly independently but should share the congested
+ * state. To facilitate such sharing, the congested state is tracked using
+ * the following struct which is created on demand, indexed by blkcg ID on
+ * its bdi, and refcounted.
+ */
+struct bdi_writeback_congested {
+ unsigned long state; /* WB_[a]sync_congested flags */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+ struct backing_dev_info *bdi; /* the associated bdi */
+ atomic_t refcnt; /* nr of attached wb's and blkg */
+ int blkcg_id; /* ID of the associated blkcg */
+ struct rb_node rb_node; /* on bdi->cgwb_congestion_tree */
+#endif
+};
+
+/*
+ * Each wb (bdi_writeback) can perform writeback operations, is measured
+ * and throttled, independently. Without cgroup writeback, each bdi
+ * (bdi_writeback) is served by its embedded bdi->wb.
+ *
+ * On the default hierarchy, blkcg implicitly enables memcg. This allows
+ * using memcg's page ownership for attributing writeback IOs, and every
+ * memcg - blkcg combination can be served by its own wb by assigning a
+ * dedicated wb to each memcg, which enables isolation across different
+ * cgroups and propagation of IO back pressure down from the IO layer upto
+ * the tasks which are generating the dirty pages to be written back.
+ *
+ * A cgroup wb is indexed on its bdi by the ID of the associated memcg,
+ * refcounted with the number of inodes attached to it, and pins the memcg
+ * and the corresponding blkcg. As the corresponding blkcg for a memcg may
+ * change as blkcg is disabled and enabled higher up in the hierarchy, a wb
+ * is tested for blkcg after lookup and removed from index on mismatch so
+ * that a new wb for the combination can be created.
+ */
+struct bdi_writeback {
+ struct backing_dev_info *bdi; /* our parent bdi */
+
+ unsigned long state; /* Always use atomic bitops on this */
+ unsigned long last_old_flush; /* last old data flush */
+
+ struct list_head b_dirty; /* dirty inodes */
+ struct list_head b_io; /* parked for writeback */
+ struct list_head b_more_io; /* parked for more writeback */
+ struct list_head b_dirty_time; /* time stamps are dirty */
+ spinlock_t list_lock; /* protects the b_* lists */
+
+ struct percpu_counter stat[NR_WB_STAT_ITEMS];
+
+ struct bdi_writeback_congested *congested;
+
+ unsigned long bw_time_stamp; /* last time write bw is updated */
+ unsigned long dirtied_stamp;
+ unsigned long written_stamp; /* pages written at bw_time_stamp */
+ unsigned long write_bandwidth; /* the estimated write bandwidth */
+ unsigned long avg_write_bandwidth; /* further smoothed write bw, > 0 */
+
+ /*
+ * The base dirty throttle rate, re-calculated on every 200ms.
+ * All the bdi tasks' dirty rate will be curbed under it.
+ * @dirty_ratelimit tracks the estimated @balanced_dirty_ratelimit
+ * in small steps and is much more smooth/stable than the latter.
+ */
+ unsigned long dirty_ratelimit;
+ unsigned long balanced_dirty_ratelimit;
+
+ struct fprop_local_percpu completions;
+ int dirty_exceeded;
+
+ spinlock_t work_lock; /* protects work_list & dwork scheduling */
+ struct list_head work_list;
+ struct delayed_work dwork; /* work item used for writeback */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+ struct percpu_ref refcnt; /* used only for !root wb's */
+ struct fprop_local_percpu memcg_completions;
+ struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css; /* the associated memcg */
+ struct cgroup_subsys_state *blkcg_css; /* and blkcg */
+ struct list_head memcg_node; /* anchored at memcg->cgwb_list */
+ struct list_head blkcg_node; /* anchored at blkcg->cgwb_list */
+
+ union {
+ struct work_struct release_work;
+ struct rcu_head rcu;
+ };
+#endif
+};
+
+struct backing_dev_info {
+ struct list_head bdi_list;
+ unsigned long ra_pages; /* max readahead in PAGE_CACHE_SIZE units */
+ unsigned int capabilities; /* Device capabilities */
+ congested_fn *congested_fn; /* Function pointer if device is md/dm */
+ void *congested_data; /* Pointer to aux data for congested func */
+
+ char *name;
+
+ unsigned int min_ratio;
+ unsigned int max_ratio, max_prop_frac;
+
+ /*
+ * Sum of avg_write_bw of wbs with dirty inodes. > 0 if there are
+ * any dirty wbs, which is depended upon by bdi_has_dirty().
+ */
+ atomic_long_t tot_write_bandwidth;
+
+ struct bdi_writeback wb; /* the root writeback info for this bdi */
+ struct bdi_writeback_congested wb_congested; /* its congested state */
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+ struct radix_tree_root cgwb_tree; /* radix tree of active cgroup wbs */
+ struct rb_root cgwb_congested_tree; /* their congested states */
+ atomic_t usage_cnt; /* counts both cgwbs and cgwb_contested's */
+#endif
+ wait_queue_head_t wb_waitq;
+
+ struct device *dev;
+
+ struct timer_list laptop_mode_wb_timer;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
+ struct dentry *debug_dir;
+ struct dentry *debug_stats;
+#endif
+};
+
+enum {
+ BLK_RW_ASYNC = 0,
+ BLK_RW_SYNC = 1,
+};
+
+void clear_wb_congested(struct bdi_writeback_congested *congested, int sync);
+void set_wb_congested(struct bdi_writeback_congested *congested, int sync);
+
+static inline void clear_bdi_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int sync)
+{
+ clear_wb_congested(bdi->wb.congested, sync);
+}
+
+static inline void set_bdi_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int sync)
+{
+ set_wb_congested(bdi->wb.congested, sync);
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+
+/**
+ * wb_tryget - try to increment a wb's refcount
+ * @wb: bdi_writeback to get
+ */
+static inline bool wb_tryget(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+{
+ if (wb != &wb->bdi->wb)
+ return percpu_ref_tryget(&wb->refcnt);
+ return true;
+}
+
+/**
+ * wb_get - increment a wb's refcount
+ * @wb: bdi_writeback to get
+ */
+static inline void wb_get(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+{
+ if (wb != &wb->bdi->wb)
+ percpu_ref_get(&wb->refcnt);
+}
+
+/**
+ * wb_put - decrement a wb's refcount
+ * @wb: bdi_writeback to put
+ */
+static inline void wb_put(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+{
+ if (wb != &wb->bdi->wb)
+ percpu_ref_put(&wb->refcnt);
+}
+
+/**
+ * wb_dying - is a wb dying?
+ * @wb: bdi_writeback of interest
+ *
+ * Returns whether @wb is unlinked and being drained.
+ */
+static inline bool wb_dying(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+{
+ return percpu_ref_is_dying(&wb->refcnt);
+}
+
+#else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */
+
+static inline bool wb_tryget(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+{
+ return true;
+}
+
+static inline void wb_get(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void wb_put(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+{
+}
+
+static inline bool wb_dying(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+{
+ return false;
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */
+
+#endif /* __LINUX_BACKING_DEV_DEFS_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/backing-dev.h b/include/linux/backing-dev.h
index d87d8eced064..0e6d4828a77a 100644
--- a/include/linux/backing-dev.h
+++ b/include/linux/backing-dev.h
@@ -8,106 +8,13 @@
#ifndef _LINUX_BACKING_DEV_H
#define _LINUX_BACKING_DEV_H
-#include <linux/percpu_counter.h>
-#include <linux/log2.h>
-#include <linux/flex_proportions.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
-#include <linux/timer.h>
+#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
-#include <linux/atomic.h>
-#include <linux/sysctl.h>
-#include <linux/workqueue.h>
-
-struct page;
-struct device;
-struct dentry;
-
-/*
- * Bits in backing_dev_info.state
- */
-enum bdi_state {
- BDI_async_congested, /* The async (write) queue is getting full */
- BDI_sync_congested, /* The sync queue is getting full */
- BDI_registered, /* bdi_register() was done */
- BDI_writeback_running, /* Writeback is in progress */
-};
-
-typedef int (congested_fn)(void *, int);
-
-enum bdi_stat_item {
- BDI_RECLAIMABLE,
- BDI_WRITEBACK,
- BDI_DIRTIED,
- BDI_WRITTEN,
- NR_BDI_STAT_ITEMS
-};
-
-#define BDI_STAT_BATCH (8*(1+ilog2(nr_cpu_ids)))
-
-struct bdi_writeback {
- struct backing_dev_info *bdi; /* our parent bdi */
-
- unsigned long last_old_flush; /* last old data flush */
-
- struct delayed_work dwork; /* work item used for writeback */
- struct list_head b_dirty; /* dirty inodes */
- struct list_head b_io; /* parked for writeback */
- struct list_head b_more_io; /* parked for more writeback */
- struct list_head b_dirty_time; /* time stamps are dirty */
- spinlock_t list_lock; /* protects the b_* lists */
-};
-
-struct backing_dev_info {
- struct list_head bdi_list;
- unsigned long ra_pages; /* max readahead in PAGE_CACHE_SIZE units */
- unsigned long state; /* Always use atomic bitops on this */
- unsigned int capabilities; /* Device capabilities */
- congested_fn *congested_fn; /* Function pointer if device is md/dm */
- void *congested_data; /* Pointer to aux data for congested func */
-
- char *name;
-
- struct percpu_counter bdi_stat[NR_BDI_STAT_ITEMS];
-
- unsigned long bw_time_stamp; /* last time write bw is updated */
- unsigned long dirtied_stamp;
- unsigned long written_stamp; /* pages written at bw_time_stamp */
- unsigned long write_bandwidth; /* the estimated write bandwidth */
- unsigned long avg_write_bandwidth; /* further smoothed write bw */
-
- /*
- * The base dirty throttle rate, re-calculated on every 200ms.
- * All the bdi tasks' dirty rate will be curbed under it.
- * @dirty_ratelimit tracks the estimated @balanced_dirty_ratelimit
- * in small steps and is much more smooth/stable than the latter.
- */
- unsigned long dirty_ratelimit;
- unsigned long balanced_dirty_ratelimit;
-
- struct fprop_local_percpu completions;
- int dirty_exceeded;
-
- unsigned int min_ratio;
- unsigned int max_ratio, max_prop_frac;
-
- struct bdi_writeback wb; /* default writeback info for this bdi */
- spinlock_t wb_lock; /* protects work_list & wb.dwork scheduling */
-
- struct list_head work_list;
-
- struct device *dev;
-
- struct timer_list laptop_mode_wb_timer;
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
- struct dentry *debug_dir;
- struct dentry *debug_stats;
-#endif
-};
-
-struct backing_dev_info *inode_to_bdi(struct inode *inode);
+#include <linux/blk-cgroup.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev-defs.h>
int __must_check bdi_init(struct backing_dev_info *bdi);
void bdi_destroy(struct backing_dev_info *bdi);
@@ -117,97 +24,99 @@ int bdi_register(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct device *parent,
const char *fmt, ...);
int bdi_register_dev(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, dev_t dev);
int __must_check bdi_setup_and_register(struct backing_dev_info *, char *);
-void bdi_start_writeback(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, long nr_pages,
- enum wb_reason reason);
-void bdi_start_background_writeback(struct backing_dev_info *bdi);
-void bdi_writeback_workfn(struct work_struct *work);
-int bdi_has_dirty_io(struct backing_dev_info *bdi);
-void bdi_wakeup_thread_delayed(struct backing_dev_info *bdi);
+void wb_start_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb, long nr_pages,
+ bool range_cyclic, enum wb_reason reason);
+void wb_start_background_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb);
+void wb_workfn(struct work_struct *work);
+void wb_wakeup_delayed(struct bdi_writeback *wb);
extern spinlock_t bdi_lock;
extern struct list_head bdi_list;
extern struct workqueue_struct *bdi_wq;
-static inline int wb_has_dirty_io(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+static inline bool wb_has_dirty_io(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
- return !list_empty(&wb->b_dirty) ||
- !list_empty(&wb->b_io) ||
- !list_empty(&wb->b_more_io);
+ return test_bit(WB_has_dirty_io, &wb->state);
+}
+
+static inline bool bdi_has_dirty_io(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+{
+ /*
+ * @bdi->tot_write_bandwidth is guaranteed to be > 0 if there are
+ * any dirty wbs. See wb_update_write_bandwidth().
+ */
+ return atomic_long_read(&bdi->tot_write_bandwidth);
}
-static inline void __add_bdi_stat(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
- enum bdi_stat_item item, s64 amount)
+static inline void __add_wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
+ enum wb_stat_item item, s64 amount)
{
- __percpu_counter_add(&bdi->bdi_stat[item], amount, BDI_STAT_BATCH);
+ __percpu_counter_add(&wb->stat[item], amount, WB_STAT_BATCH);
}
-static inline void __inc_bdi_stat(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
- enum bdi_stat_item item)
+static inline void __inc_wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
+ enum wb_stat_item item)
{
- __add_bdi_stat(bdi, item, 1);
+ __add_wb_stat(wb, item, 1);
}
-static inline void inc_bdi_stat(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
- enum bdi_stat_item item)
+static inline void inc_wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item)
{
unsigned long flags;
local_irq_save(flags);
- __inc_bdi_stat(bdi, item);
+ __inc_wb_stat(wb, item);
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
-static inline void __dec_bdi_stat(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
- enum bdi_stat_item item)
+static inline void __dec_wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
+ enum wb_stat_item item)
{
- __add_bdi_stat(bdi, item, -1);
+ __add_wb_stat(wb, item, -1);
}
-static inline void dec_bdi_stat(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
- enum bdi_stat_item item)
+static inline void dec_wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item)
{
unsigned long flags;
local_irq_save(flags);
- __dec_bdi_stat(bdi, item);
+ __dec_wb_stat(wb, item);
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
-static inline s64 bdi_stat(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
- enum bdi_stat_item item)
+static inline s64 wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item)
{
- return percpu_counter_read_positive(&bdi->bdi_stat[item]);
+ return percpu_counter_read_positive(&wb->stat[item]);
}
-static inline s64 __bdi_stat_sum(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
- enum bdi_stat_item item)
+static inline s64 __wb_stat_sum(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
+ enum wb_stat_item item)
{
- return percpu_counter_sum_positive(&bdi->bdi_stat[item]);
+ return percpu_counter_sum_positive(&wb->stat[item]);
}
-static inline s64 bdi_stat_sum(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
- enum bdi_stat_item item)
+static inline s64 wb_stat_sum(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item)
{
s64 sum;
unsigned long flags;
local_irq_save(flags);
- sum = __bdi_stat_sum(bdi, item);
+ sum = __wb_stat_sum(wb, item);
local_irq_restore(flags);
return sum;
}
-extern void bdi_writeout_inc(struct backing_dev_info *bdi);
+extern void wb_writeout_inc(struct bdi_writeback *wb);
/*
* maximal error of a stat counter.
*/
-static inline unsigned long bdi_stat_error(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+static inline unsigned long wb_stat_error(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
- return nr_cpu_ids * BDI_STAT_BATCH;
+ return nr_cpu_ids * WB_STAT_BATCH;
#else
return 1;
#endif
@@ -231,50 +140,57 @@ int bdi_set_max_ratio(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, unsigned int max_ratio);
* BDI_CAP_NO_WRITEBACK: Don't write pages back
* BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_WB: Don't automatically account writeback pages
* BDI_CAP_STRICTLIMIT: Keep number of dirty pages below bdi threshold.
+ *
+ * BDI_CAP_CGROUP_WRITEBACK: Supports cgroup-aware writeback.
*/
#define BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_DIRTY 0x00000001
#define BDI_CAP_NO_WRITEBACK 0x00000002
#define BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_WB 0x00000004
#define BDI_CAP_STABLE_WRITES 0x00000008
#define BDI_CAP_STRICTLIMIT 0x00000010
+#define BDI_CAP_CGROUP_WRITEBACK 0x00000020
#define BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_AND_WRITEBACK \
(BDI_CAP_NO_WRITEBACK | BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_DIRTY | BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_WB)
extern struct backing_dev_info noop_backing_dev_info;
-int writeback_in_progress(struct backing_dev_info *bdi);
-
-static inline int bdi_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int bdi_bits)
+/**
+ * writeback_in_progress - determine whether there is writeback in progress
+ * @wb: bdi_writeback of interest
+ *
+ * Determine whether there is writeback waiting to be handled against a
+ * bdi_writeback.
+ */
+static inline bool writeback_in_progress(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
- if (bdi->congested_fn)
- return bdi->congested_fn(bdi->congested_data, bdi_bits);
- return (bdi->state & bdi_bits);
+ return test_bit(WB_writeback_running, &wb->state);
}
-static inline int bdi_read_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+static inline struct backing_dev_info *inode_to_bdi(struct inode *inode)
{
- return bdi_congested(bdi, 1 << BDI_sync_congested);
-}
+ struct super_block *sb;
-static inline int bdi_write_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
-{
- return bdi_congested(bdi, 1 << BDI_async_congested);
+ if (!inode)
+ return &noop_backing_dev_info;
+
+ sb = inode->i_sb;
+#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
+ if (sb_is_blkdev_sb(sb))
+ return blk_get_backing_dev_info(I_BDEV(inode));
+#endif
+ return sb->s_bdi;
}
-static inline int bdi_rw_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+static inline int wb_congested(struct bdi_writeback *wb, int cong_bits)
{
- return bdi_congested(bdi, (1 << BDI_sync_congested) |
- (1 << BDI_async_congested));
-}
+ struct backing_dev_info *bdi = wb->bdi;
-enum {
- BLK_RW_ASYNC = 0,
- BLK_RW_SYNC = 1,
-};
+ if (bdi->congested_fn)
+ return bdi->congested_fn(bdi->congested_data, cong_bits);
+ return wb->congested->state & cong_bits;
+}
-void clear_bdi_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int sync);
-void set_bdi_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int sync);
long congestion_wait(int sync, long timeout);
long wait_iff_congested(struct zone *zone, int sync, long timeout);
int pdflush_proc_obsolete(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
@@ -318,4 +234,333 @@ static inline int bdi_sched_wait(void *word)
return 0;
}
-#endif /* _LINUX_BACKING_DEV_H */
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+
+struct bdi_writeback_congested *
+wb_congested_get_create(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int blkcg_id, gfp_t gfp);
+void wb_congested_put(struct bdi_writeback_congested *congested);
+struct bdi_writeback *wb_get_create(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
+ struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css,
+ gfp_t gfp);
+void wb_memcg_offline(struct mem_cgroup *memcg);
+void wb_blkcg_offline(struct blkcg *blkcg);
+int inode_congested(struct inode *inode, int cong_bits);
+
+/**
+ * inode_cgwb_enabled - test whether cgroup writeback is enabled on an inode
+ * @inode: inode of interest
+ *
+ * cgroup writeback requires support from both the bdi and filesystem.
+ * Test whether @inode has both.
+ */
+static inline bool inode_cgwb_enabled(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(inode);
+
+ return bdi_cap_account_dirty(bdi) &&
+ (bdi->capabilities & BDI_CAP_CGROUP_WRITEBACK) &&
+ (inode->i_sb->s_iflags & SB_I_CGROUPWB);
+}
+
+/**
+ * wb_find_current - find wb for %current on a bdi
+ * @bdi: bdi of interest
+ *
+ * Find the wb of @bdi which matches both the memcg and blkcg of %current.
+ * Must be called under rcu_read_lock() which protects the returend wb.
+ * NULL if not found.
+ */
+static inline struct bdi_writeback *wb_find_current(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+{
+ struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css;
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb;
+
+ memcg_css = task_css(current, memory_cgrp_id);
+ if (!memcg_css->parent)
+ return &bdi->wb;
+
+ wb = radix_tree_lookup(&bdi->cgwb_tree, memcg_css->id);
+
+ /*
+ * %current's blkcg equals the effective blkcg of its memcg. No
+ * need to use the relatively expensive cgroup_get_e_css().
+ */
+ if (likely(wb && wb->blkcg_css == task_css(current, blkio_cgrp_id)))
+ return wb;
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/**
+ * wb_get_create_current - get or create wb for %current on a bdi
+ * @bdi: bdi of interest
+ * @gfp: allocation mask
+ *
+ * Equivalent to wb_get_create() on %current's memcg. This function is
+ * called from a relatively hot path and optimizes the common cases using
+ * wb_find_current().
+ */
+static inline struct bdi_writeback *
+wb_get_create_current(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, gfp_t gfp)
+{
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ wb = wb_find_current(bdi);
+ if (wb && unlikely(!wb_tryget(wb)))
+ wb = NULL;
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+
+ if (unlikely(!wb)) {
+ struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css;
+
+ memcg_css = task_get_css(current, memory_cgrp_id);
+ wb = wb_get_create(bdi, memcg_css, gfp);
+ css_put(memcg_css);
+ }
+ return wb;
+}
+
+/**
+ * inode_to_wb_is_valid - test whether an inode has a wb associated
+ * @inode: inode of interest
+ *
+ * Returns %true if @inode has a wb associated. May be called without any
+ * locking.
+ */
+static inline bool inode_to_wb_is_valid(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ return inode->i_wb;
+}
+
+/**
+ * inode_to_wb - determine the wb of an inode
+ * @inode: inode of interest
+ *
+ * Returns the wb @inode is currently associated with. The caller must be
+ * holding either @inode->i_lock, @inode->i_mapping->tree_lock, or the
+ * associated wb's list_lock.
+ */
+static inline struct bdi_writeback *inode_to_wb(struct inode *inode)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(debug_locks &&
+ (!lockdep_is_held(&inode->i_lock) &&
+ !lockdep_is_held(&inode->i_mapping->tree_lock) &&
+ !lockdep_is_held(&inode->i_wb->list_lock)));
+#endif
+ return inode->i_wb;
+}
+
+/**
+ * unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin - begin unlocked inode wb access transaction
+ * @inode: target inode
+ * @lockedp: temp bool output param, to be passed to the end function
+ *
+ * The caller wants to access the wb associated with @inode but isn't
+ * holding inode->i_lock, mapping->tree_lock or wb->list_lock. This
+ * function determines the wb associated with @inode and ensures that the
+ * association doesn't change until the transaction is finished with
+ * unlocked_inode_to_wb_end().
+ *
+ * The caller must call unlocked_inode_to_wb_end() with *@lockdep
+ * afterwards and can't sleep during transaction. IRQ may or may not be
+ * disabled on return.
+ */
+static inline struct bdi_writeback *
+unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin(struct inode *inode, bool *lockedp)
+{
+ rcu_read_lock();
+
+ /*
+ * Paired with store_release in inode_switch_wb_work_fn() and
+ * ensures that we see the new wb if we see cleared I_WB_SWITCH.
+ */
+ *lockedp = smp_load_acquire(&inode->i_state) & I_WB_SWITCH;
+
+ if (unlikely(*lockedp))
+ spin_lock_irq(&inode->i_mapping->tree_lock);
+
+ /*
+ * Protected by either !I_WB_SWITCH + rcu_read_lock() or tree_lock.
+ * inode_to_wb() will bark. Deref directly.
+ */
+ return inode->i_wb;
+}
+
+/**
+ * unlocked_inode_to_wb_end - end inode wb access transaction
+ * @inode: target inode
+ * @locked: *@lockedp from unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin()
+ */
+static inline void unlocked_inode_to_wb_end(struct inode *inode, bool locked)
+{
+ if (unlikely(locked))
+ spin_unlock_irq(&inode->i_mapping->tree_lock);
+
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+}
+
+struct wb_iter {
+ int start_blkcg_id;
+ struct radix_tree_iter tree_iter;
+ void **slot;
+};
+
+static inline struct bdi_writeback *__wb_iter_next(struct wb_iter *iter,
+ struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+{
+ struct radix_tree_iter *titer = &iter->tree_iter;
+
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held());
+
+ if (iter->start_blkcg_id >= 0) {
+ iter->slot = radix_tree_iter_init(titer, iter->start_blkcg_id);
+ iter->start_blkcg_id = -1;
+ } else {
+ iter->slot = radix_tree_next_slot(iter->slot, titer, 0);
+ }
+
+ if (!iter->slot)
+ iter->slot = radix_tree_next_chunk(&bdi->cgwb_tree, titer, 0);
+ if (iter->slot)
+ return *iter->slot;
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static inline struct bdi_writeback *__wb_iter_init(struct wb_iter *iter,
+ struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
+ int start_blkcg_id)
+{
+ iter->start_blkcg_id = start_blkcg_id;
+
+ if (start_blkcg_id)
+ return __wb_iter_next(iter, bdi);
+ else
+ return &bdi->wb;
+}
+
+/**
+ * bdi_for_each_wb - walk all wb's of a bdi in ascending blkcg ID order
+ * @wb_cur: cursor struct bdi_writeback pointer
+ * @bdi: bdi to walk wb's of
+ * @iter: pointer to struct wb_iter to be used as iteration buffer
+ * @start_blkcg_id: blkcg ID to start iteration from
+ *
+ * Iterate @wb_cur through the wb's (bdi_writeback's) of @bdi in ascending
+ * blkcg ID order starting from @start_blkcg_id. @iter is struct wb_iter
+ * to be used as temp storage during iteration. rcu_read_lock() must be
+ * held throughout iteration.
+ */
+#define bdi_for_each_wb(wb_cur, bdi, iter, start_blkcg_id) \
+ for ((wb_cur) = __wb_iter_init(iter, bdi, start_blkcg_id); \
+ (wb_cur); (wb_cur) = __wb_iter_next(iter, bdi))
+
+#else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */
+
+static inline bool inode_cgwb_enabled(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ return false;
+}
+
+static inline struct bdi_writeback_congested *
+wb_congested_get_create(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int blkcg_id, gfp_t gfp)
+{
+ return bdi->wb.congested;
+}
+
+static inline void wb_congested_put(struct bdi_writeback_congested *congested)
+{
+}
+
+static inline struct bdi_writeback *wb_find_current(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+{
+ return &bdi->wb;
+}
+
+static inline struct bdi_writeback *
+wb_get_create_current(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, gfp_t gfp)
+{
+ return &bdi->wb;
+}
+
+static inline bool inode_to_wb_is_valid(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ return true;
+}
+
+static inline struct bdi_writeback *inode_to_wb(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ return &inode_to_bdi(inode)->wb;
+}
+
+static inline struct bdi_writeback *
+unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin(struct inode *inode, bool *lockedp)
+{
+ return inode_to_wb(inode);
+}
+
+static inline void unlocked_inode_to_wb_end(struct inode *inode, bool locked)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void wb_memcg_offline(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void wb_blkcg_offline(struct blkcg *blkcg)
+{
+}
+
+struct wb_iter {
+ int next_id;
+};
+
+#define bdi_for_each_wb(wb_cur, bdi, iter, start_blkcg_id) \
+ for ((iter)->next_id = (start_blkcg_id); \
+ ({ (wb_cur) = !(iter)->next_id++ ? &(bdi)->wb : NULL; }); )
+
+static inline int inode_congested(struct inode *inode, int cong_bits)
+{
+ return wb_congested(&inode_to_bdi(inode)->wb, cong_bits);
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */
+
+static inline int inode_read_congested(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ return inode_congested(inode, 1 << WB_sync_congested);
+}
+
+static inline int inode_write_congested(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ return inode_congested(inode, 1 << WB_async_congested);
+}
+
+static inline int inode_rw_congested(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ return inode_congested(inode, (1 << WB_sync_congested) |
+ (1 << WB_async_congested));
+}
+
+static inline int bdi_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int cong_bits)
+{
+ return wb_congested(&bdi->wb, cong_bits);
+}
+
+static inline int bdi_read_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+{
+ return bdi_congested(bdi, 1 << WB_sync_congested);
+}
+
+static inline int bdi_write_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+{
+ return bdi_congested(bdi, 1 << WB_async_congested);
+}
+
+static inline int bdi_rw_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+{
+ return bdi_congested(bdi, (1 << WB_sync_congested) |
+ (1 << WB_async_congested));
+}
+
+#endif /* _LINUX_BACKING_DEV_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/bio.h b/include/linux/bio.h
index f0291cf64cc5..5e963a6d7c14 100644
--- a/include/linux/bio.h
+++ b/include/linux/bio.h
@@ -482,9 +482,12 @@ extern void bvec_free(mempool_t *, struct bio_vec *, unsigned int);
extern unsigned int bvec_nr_vecs(unsigned short idx);
#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP
+int bio_associate_blkcg(struct bio *bio, struct cgroup_subsys_state *blkcg_css);
int bio_associate_current(struct bio *bio);
void bio_disassociate_task(struct bio *bio);
#else /* CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP */
+static inline int bio_associate_blkcg(struct bio *bio,
+ struct cgroup_subsys_state *blkcg_css) { return 0; }
static inline int bio_associate_current(struct bio *bio) { return -ENOENT; }
static inline void bio_disassociate_task(struct bio *bio) { }
#endif /* CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP */
diff --git a/block/blk-cgroup.h b/include/linux/blk-cgroup.h
index 74296a78bba1..58cfab80dd70 100644
--- a/block/blk-cgroup.h
+++ b/include/linux/blk-cgroup.h
@@ -46,6 +46,10 @@ struct blkcg {
struct hlist_head blkg_list;
struct blkcg_policy_data *pd[BLKCG_MAX_POLS];
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+ struct list_head cgwb_list;
+#endif
};
struct blkg_stat {
@@ -106,6 +110,12 @@ struct blkcg_gq {
struct hlist_node blkcg_node;
struct blkcg *blkcg;
+ /*
+ * Each blkg gets congested separately and the congestion state is
+ * propagated to the matching bdi_writeback_congested.
+ */
+ struct bdi_writeback_congested *wb_congested;
+
/* all non-root blkcg_gq's are guaranteed to have access to parent */
struct blkcg_gq *parent;
@@ -149,6 +159,7 @@ struct blkcg_policy {
};
extern struct blkcg blkcg_root;
+extern struct cgroup_subsys_state * const blkcg_root_css;
struct blkcg_gq *blkg_lookup(struct blkcg *blkcg, struct request_queue *q);
struct blkcg_gq *blkg_lookup_create(struct blkcg *blkcg,
@@ -209,6 +220,12 @@ static inline struct blkcg *bio_blkcg(struct bio *bio)
return task_blkcg(current);
}
+static inline struct cgroup_subsys_state *
+task_get_blkcg_css(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ return task_get_css(task, blkio_cgrp_id);
+}
+
/**
* blkcg_parent - get the parent of a blkcg
* @blkcg: blkcg of interest
@@ -579,8 +596,8 @@ static inline void blkg_rwstat_merge(struct blkg_rwstat *to,
#else /* CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP */
-struct cgroup;
-struct blkcg;
+struct blkcg {
+};
struct blkg_policy_data {
};
@@ -594,6 +611,16 @@ struct blkcg_gq {
struct blkcg_policy {
};
+#define blkcg_root_css ((struct cgroup_subsys_state *)ERR_PTR(-EINVAL))
+
+static inline struct cgroup_subsys_state *
+task_get_blkcg_css(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
+
static inline struct blkcg_gq *blkg_lookup(struct blkcg *blkcg, void *key) { return NULL; }
static inline int blkcg_init_queue(struct request_queue *q) { return 0; }
static inline void blkcg_drain_queue(struct request_queue *q) { }
@@ -623,5 +650,6 @@ static inline struct request_list *blk_rq_rl(struct request *rq) { return &rq->q
#define blk_queue_for_each_rl(rl, q) \
for ((rl) = &(q)->root_rl; (rl); (rl) = NULL)
+#endif /* CONFIG_BLOCK */
#endif /* CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP */
#endif /* _BLK_CGROUP_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/blkdev.h b/include/linux/blkdev.h
index 5ced29cef03f..7f2f54b4587f 100644
--- a/include/linux/blkdev.h
+++ b/include/linux/blkdev.h
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
-#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev-defs.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/mempool.h>
#include <linux/bio.h>
@@ -787,25 +787,6 @@ extern int scsi_cmd_ioctl(struct request_queue *, struct gendisk *, fmode_t,
extern int sg_scsi_ioctl(struct request_queue *, struct gendisk *, fmode_t,
struct scsi_ioctl_command __user *);
-/*
- * A queue has just exitted congestion. Note this in the global counter of
- * congested queues, and wake up anyone who was waiting for requests to be
- * put back.
- */
-static inline void blk_clear_queue_congested(struct request_queue *q, int sync)
-{
- clear_bdi_congested(&q->backing_dev_info, sync);
-}
-
-/*
- * A queue has just entered congestion. Flag that in the queue's VM-visible
- * state flags and increment the global gounter of congested queues.
- */
-static inline void blk_set_queue_congested(struct request_queue *q, int sync)
-{
- set_bdi_congested(&q->backing_dev_info, sync);
-}
-
extern void blk_start_queue(struct request_queue *q);
extern void blk_stop_queue(struct request_queue *q);
extern void blk_sync_queue(struct request_queue *q);
diff --git a/include/linux/cgroup.h b/include/linux/cgroup.h
index b9cb94c3102a..e7da0aa65b2d 100644
--- a/include/linux/cgroup.h
+++ b/include/linux/cgroup.h
@@ -774,6 +774,31 @@ static inline struct cgroup_subsys_state *task_css(struct task_struct *task,
}
/**
+ * task_get_css - find and get the css for (task, subsys)
+ * @task: the target task
+ * @subsys_id: the target subsystem ID
+ *
+ * Find the css for the (@task, @subsys_id) combination, increment a
+ * reference on and return it. This function is guaranteed to return a
+ * valid css.
+ */
+static inline struct cgroup_subsys_state *
+task_get_css(struct task_struct *task, int subsys_id)
+{
+ struct cgroup_subsys_state *css;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ while (true) {
+ css = task_css(task, subsys_id);
+ if (likely(css_tryget_online(css)))
+ break;
+ cpu_relax();
+ }
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return css;
+}
+
+/**
* task_css_is_root - test whether a task belongs to the root css
* @task: the target task
* @subsys_id: the target subsystem ID
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index 5db7b1379d17..e351da4a934f 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@
#include <uapi/linux/fs.h>
struct backing_dev_info;
+struct bdi_writeback;
struct export_operations;
struct hd_geometry;
struct iovec;
@@ -634,6 +635,14 @@ struct inode {
struct hlist_node i_hash;
struct list_head i_wb_list; /* backing dev IO list */
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+ struct bdi_writeback *i_wb; /* the associated cgroup wb */
+
+ /* foreign inode detection, see wbc_detach_inode() */
+ int i_wb_frn_winner;
+ u16 i_wb_frn_avg_time;
+ u16 i_wb_frn_history;
+#endif
struct list_head i_lru; /* inode LRU list */
struct list_head i_sb_list;
union {
@@ -1232,6 +1241,8 @@ struct mm_struct;
#define UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW 0x00000008 /* Don't follow symlink on umount */
#define UMOUNT_UNUSED 0x80000000 /* Flag guaranteed to be unused */
+/* sb->s_iflags */
+#define SB_I_CGROUPWB 0x00000001 /* cgroup-aware writeback enabled */
/* Possible states of 'frozen' field */
enum {
@@ -1270,6 +1281,7 @@ struct super_block {
const struct quotactl_ops *s_qcop;
const struct export_operations *s_export_op;
unsigned long s_flags;
+ unsigned long s_iflags; /* internal SB_I_* flags */
unsigned long s_magic;
struct dentry *s_root;
struct rw_semaphore s_umount;
@@ -1806,6 +1818,11 @@ struct super_operations {
*
* I_DIO_WAKEUP Never set. Only used as a key for wait_on_bit().
*
+ * I_WB_SWITCH Cgroup bdi_writeback switching in progress. Used to
+ * synchronize competing switching instances and to tell
+ * wb stat updates to grab mapping->tree_lock. See
+ * inode_switch_wb_work_fn() for details.
+ *
* Q: What is the difference between I_WILL_FREE and I_FREEING?
*/
#define I_DIRTY_SYNC (1 << 0)
@@ -1825,6 +1842,7 @@ struct super_operations {
#define I_DIRTY_TIME (1 << 11)
#define __I_DIRTY_TIME_EXPIRED 12
#define I_DIRTY_TIME_EXPIRED (1 << __I_DIRTY_TIME_EXPIRED)
+#define I_WB_SWITCH (1 << 13)
#define I_DIRTY (I_DIRTY_SYNC | I_DIRTY_DATASYNC | I_DIRTY_PAGES)
#define I_DIRTY_ALL (I_DIRTY | I_DIRTY_TIME)
@@ -2241,7 +2259,13 @@ extern struct super_block *freeze_bdev(struct block_device *);
extern void emergency_thaw_all(void);
extern int thaw_bdev(struct block_device *bdev, struct super_block *sb);
extern int fsync_bdev(struct block_device *);
-extern int sb_is_blkdev_sb(struct super_block *sb);
+
+extern struct super_block *blockdev_superblock;
+
+static inline bool sb_is_blkdev_sb(struct super_block *sb)
+{
+ return sb == blockdev_superblock;
+}
#else
static inline void bd_forget(struct inode *inode) {}
static inline int sync_blockdev(struct block_device *bdev) { return 0; }
diff --git a/include/linux/memcontrol.h b/include/linux/memcontrol.h
index 6c8918114804..73b02b0a8f60 100644
--- a/include/linux/memcontrol.h
+++ b/include/linux/memcontrol.h
@@ -41,6 +41,7 @@ enum mem_cgroup_stat_index {
MEM_CGROUP_STAT_RSS, /* # of pages charged as anon rss */
MEM_CGROUP_STAT_RSS_HUGE, /* # of pages charged as anon huge */
MEM_CGROUP_STAT_FILE_MAPPED, /* # of pages charged as file rss */
+ MEM_CGROUP_STAT_DIRTY, /* # of dirty pages in page cache */
MEM_CGROUP_STAT_WRITEBACK, /* # of pages under writeback */
MEM_CGROUP_STAT_SWAP, /* # of pages, swapped out */
MEM_CGROUP_STAT_NSTATS,
@@ -67,6 +68,8 @@ enum mem_cgroup_events_index {
};
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
+extern struct cgroup_subsys_state *mem_cgroup_root_css;
+
void mem_cgroup_events(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
enum mem_cgroup_events_index idx,
unsigned int nr);
@@ -112,6 +115,7 @@ static inline bool mm_match_cgroup(struct mm_struct *mm,
}
extern struct cgroup_subsys_state *mem_cgroup_css(struct mem_cgroup *memcg);
+extern struct cgroup_subsys_state *mem_cgroup_css_from_page(struct page *page);
struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_iter(struct mem_cgroup *,
struct mem_cgroup *,
@@ -195,6 +199,8 @@ void mem_cgroup_split_huge_fixup(struct page *head);
#else /* CONFIG_MEMCG */
struct mem_cgroup;
+#define mem_cgroup_root_css ((struct cgroup_subsys_state *)ERR_PTR(-EINVAL))
+
static inline void mem_cgroup_events(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
enum mem_cgroup_events_index idx,
unsigned int nr)
@@ -382,6 +388,29 @@ enum {
OVER_LIMIT,
};
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+
+struct list_head *mem_cgroup_cgwb_list(struct mem_cgroup *memcg);
+struct wb_domain *mem_cgroup_wb_domain(struct bdi_writeback *wb);
+void mem_cgroup_wb_stats(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned long *pavail,
+ unsigned long *pdirty, unsigned long *pwriteback);
+
+#else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */
+
+static inline struct wb_domain *mem_cgroup_wb_domain(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+{
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static inline void mem_cgroup_wb_stats(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
+ unsigned long *pavail,
+ unsigned long *pdirty,
+ unsigned long *pwriteback)
+{
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */
+
struct sock;
#if defined(CONFIG_INET) && defined(CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM)
void sock_update_memcg(struct sock *sk);
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 24ad583596d1..99959a34f4f1 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@ struct anon_vma_chain;
struct file_ra_state;
struct user_struct;
struct writeback_control;
+struct bdi_writeback;
#ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* Don't use mapnrs, do it properly */
extern unsigned long max_mapnr;
@@ -1211,10 +1212,13 @@ int __set_page_dirty_nobuffers(struct page *page);
int __set_page_dirty_no_writeback(struct page *page);
int redirty_page_for_writepage(struct writeback_control *wbc,
struct page *page);
-void account_page_dirtied(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping);
-void account_page_cleaned(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping);
+void account_page_dirtied(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg);
+void account_page_cleaned(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg, struct bdi_writeback *wb);
int set_page_dirty(struct page *page);
int set_page_dirty_lock(struct page *page);
+void cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page);
int clear_page_dirty_for_io(struct page *page);
int get_cmdline(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer, int buflen);
diff --git a/include/linux/pagemap.h b/include/linux/pagemap.h
index 4b3736f7065c..fb0814ca65c7 100644
--- a/include/linux/pagemap.h
+++ b/include/linux/pagemap.h
@@ -651,7 +651,8 @@ int add_to_page_cache_locked(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
int add_to_page_cache_lru(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp_mask);
extern void delete_from_page_cache(struct page *page);
-extern void __delete_from_page_cache(struct page *page, void *shadow);
+extern void __delete_from_page_cache(struct page *page, void *shadow,
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg);
int replace_page_cache_page(struct page *old, struct page *new, gfp_t gfp_mask);
/*
diff --git a/include/linux/writeback.h b/include/linux/writeback.h
index b2dd371ec0ca..b333c945e571 100644
--- a/include/linux/writeback.h
+++ b/include/linux/writeback.h
@@ -7,6 +7,8 @@
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/flex_proportions.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev-defs.h>
DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, dirty_throttle_leaks);
@@ -84,18 +86,95 @@ struct writeback_control {
unsigned for_reclaim:1; /* Invoked from the page allocator */
unsigned range_cyclic:1; /* range_start is cyclic */
unsigned for_sync:1; /* sync(2) WB_SYNC_ALL writeback */
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb; /* wb this writeback is issued under */
+ struct inode *inode; /* inode being written out */
+
+ /* foreign inode detection, see wbc_detach_inode() */
+ int wb_id; /* current wb id */
+ int wb_lcand_id; /* last foreign candidate wb id */
+ int wb_tcand_id; /* this foreign candidate wb id */
+ size_t wb_bytes; /* bytes written by current wb */
+ size_t wb_lcand_bytes; /* bytes written by last candidate */
+ size_t wb_tcand_bytes; /* bytes written by this candidate */
+#endif
};
/*
+ * A wb_domain represents a domain that wb's (bdi_writeback's) belong to
+ * and are measured against each other in. There always is one global
+ * domain, global_wb_domain, that every wb in the system is a member of.
+ * This allows measuring the relative bandwidth of each wb to distribute
+ * dirtyable memory accordingly.
+ */
+struct wb_domain {
+ spinlock_t lock;
+
+ /*
+ * Scale the writeback cache size proportional to the relative
+ * writeout speed.
+ *
+ * We do this by keeping a floating proportion between BDIs, based
+ * on page writeback completions [end_page_writeback()]. Those
+ * devices that write out pages fastest will get the larger share,
+ * while the slower will get a smaller share.
+ *
+ * We use page writeout completions because we are interested in
+ * getting rid of dirty pages. Having them written out is the
+ * primary goal.
+ *
+ * We introduce a concept of time, a period over which we measure
+ * these events, because demand can/will vary over time. The length
+ * of this period itself is measured in page writeback completions.
+ */
+ struct fprop_global completions;
+ struct timer_list period_timer; /* timer for aging of completions */
+ unsigned long period_time;
+
+ /*
+ * The dirtyable memory and dirty threshold could be suddenly
+ * knocked down by a large amount (eg. on the startup of KVM in a
+ * swapless system). This may throw the system into deep dirty
+ * exceeded state and throttle heavy/light dirtiers alike. To
+ * retain good responsiveness, maintain global_dirty_limit for
+ * tracking slowly down to the knocked down dirty threshold.
+ *
+ * Both fields are protected by ->lock.
+ */
+ unsigned long dirty_limit_tstamp;
+ unsigned long dirty_limit;
+};
+
+/**
+ * wb_domain_size_changed - memory available to a wb_domain has changed
+ * @dom: wb_domain of interest
+ *
+ * This function should be called when the amount of memory available to
+ * @dom has changed. It resets @dom's dirty limit parameters to prevent
+ * the past values which don't match the current configuration from skewing
+ * dirty throttling. Without this, when memory size of a wb_domain is
+ * greatly reduced, the dirty throttling logic may allow too many pages to
+ * be dirtied leading to consecutive unnecessary OOMs and may get stuck in
+ * that situation.
+ */
+static inline void wb_domain_size_changed(struct wb_domain *dom)
+{
+ spin_lock(&dom->lock);
+ dom->dirty_limit_tstamp = jiffies;
+ dom->dirty_limit = 0;
+ spin_unlock(&dom->lock);
+}
+
+/*
* fs/fs-writeback.c
*/
struct bdi_writeback;
void writeback_inodes_sb(struct super_block *, enum wb_reason reason);
void writeback_inodes_sb_nr(struct super_block *, unsigned long nr,
enum wb_reason reason);
-int try_to_writeback_inodes_sb(struct super_block *, enum wb_reason reason);
-int try_to_writeback_inodes_sb_nr(struct super_block *, unsigned long nr,
- enum wb_reason reason);
+bool try_to_writeback_inodes_sb(struct super_block *, enum wb_reason reason);
+bool try_to_writeback_inodes_sb_nr(struct super_block *, unsigned long nr,
+ enum wb_reason reason);
void sync_inodes_sb(struct super_block *);
void wakeup_flusher_threads(long nr_pages, enum wb_reason reason);
void inode_wait_for_writeback(struct inode *inode);
@@ -107,6 +186,123 @@ static inline void wait_on_inode(struct inode *inode)
wait_on_bit(&inode->i_state, __I_NEW, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
}
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+
+#include <linux/cgroup.h>
+#include <linux/bio.h>
+
+void __inode_attach_wb(struct inode *inode, struct page *page);
+void wbc_attach_and_unlock_inode(struct writeback_control *wbc,
+ struct inode *inode)
+ __releases(&inode->i_lock);
+void wbc_detach_inode(struct writeback_control *wbc);
+void wbc_account_io(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct page *page,
+ size_t bytes);
+
+/**
+ * inode_attach_wb - associate an inode with its wb
+ * @inode: inode of interest
+ * @page: page being dirtied (may be NULL)
+ *
+ * If @inode doesn't have its wb, associate it with the wb matching the
+ * memcg of @page or, if @page is NULL, %current. May be called w/ or w/o
+ * @inode->i_lock.
+ */
+static inline void inode_attach_wb(struct inode *inode, struct page *page)
+{
+ if (!inode->i_wb)
+ __inode_attach_wb(inode, page);
+}
+
+/**
+ * inode_detach_wb - disassociate an inode from its wb
+ * @inode: inode of interest
+ *
+ * @inode is being freed. Detach from its wb.
+ */
+static inline void inode_detach_wb(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ if (inode->i_wb) {
+ wb_put(inode->i_wb);
+ inode->i_wb = NULL;
+ }
+}
+
+/**
+ * wbc_attach_fdatawrite_inode - associate wbc and inode for fdatawrite
+ * @wbc: writeback_control of interest
+ * @inode: target inode
+ *
+ * This function is to be used by __filemap_fdatawrite_range(), which is an
+ * alternative entry point into writeback code, and first ensures @inode is
+ * associated with a bdi_writeback and attaches it to @wbc.
+ */
+static inline void wbc_attach_fdatawrite_inode(struct writeback_control *wbc,
+ struct inode *inode)
+{
+ spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
+ inode_attach_wb(inode, NULL);
+ wbc_attach_and_unlock_inode(wbc, inode);
+}
+
+/**
+ * wbc_init_bio - writeback specific initializtion of bio
+ * @wbc: writeback_control for the writeback in progress
+ * @bio: bio to be initialized
+ *
+ * @bio is a part of the writeback in progress controlled by @wbc. Perform
+ * writeback specific initialization. This is used to apply the cgroup
+ * writeback context.
+ */
+static inline void wbc_init_bio(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct bio *bio)
+{
+ /*
+ * pageout() path doesn't attach @wbc to the inode being written
+ * out. This is intentional as we don't want the function to block
+ * behind a slow cgroup. Ultimately, we want pageout() to kick off
+ * regular writeback instead of writing things out itself.
+ */
+ if (wbc->wb)
+ bio_associate_blkcg(bio, wbc->wb->blkcg_css);
+}
+
+#else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */
+
+static inline void inode_attach_wb(struct inode *inode, struct page *page)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void inode_detach_wb(struct inode *inode)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void wbc_attach_and_unlock_inode(struct writeback_control *wbc,
+ struct inode *inode)
+ __releases(&inode->i_lock)
+{
+ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+}
+
+static inline void wbc_attach_fdatawrite_inode(struct writeback_control *wbc,
+ struct inode *inode)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void wbc_detach_inode(struct writeback_control *wbc)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void wbc_init_bio(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct bio *bio)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void wbc_account_io(struct writeback_control *wbc,
+ struct page *page, size_t bytes)
+{
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */
+
/*
* mm/page-writeback.c
*/
@@ -120,8 +316,12 @@ static inline void laptop_sync_completion(void) { }
#endif
void throttle_vm_writeout(gfp_t gfp_mask);
bool zone_dirty_ok(struct zone *zone);
+int wb_domain_init(struct wb_domain *dom, gfp_t gfp);
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+void wb_domain_exit(struct wb_domain *dom);
+#endif
-extern unsigned long global_dirty_limit;
+extern struct wb_domain global_wb_domain;
/* These are exported to sysctl. */
extern int dirty_background_ratio;
@@ -155,19 +355,12 @@ int dirty_writeback_centisecs_handler(struct ctl_table *, int,
void __user *, size_t *, loff_t *);
void global_dirty_limits(unsigned long *pbackground, unsigned long *pdirty);
-unsigned long bdi_dirty_limit(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
- unsigned long dirty);
-
-void __bdi_update_bandwidth(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
- unsigned long thresh,
- unsigned long bg_thresh,
- unsigned long dirty,
- unsigned long bdi_thresh,
- unsigned long bdi_dirty,
- unsigned long start_time);
+unsigned long wb_calc_thresh(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned long thresh);
+void wb_update_bandwidth(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned long start_time);
void page_writeback_init(void);
void balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(struct address_space *mapping);
+bool wb_over_bg_thresh(struct bdi_writeback *wb);
typedef int (*writepage_t)(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc,
void *data);
diff --git a/include/trace/events/writeback.h b/include/trace/events/writeback.h
index c178d13d6f4c..a7aa607a4c55 100644
--- a/include/trace/events/writeback.h
+++ b/include/trace/events/writeback.h
@@ -360,7 +360,7 @@ TRACE_EVENT(global_dirty_state,
__entry->nr_written = global_page_state(NR_WRITTEN);
__entry->background_thresh = background_thresh;
__entry->dirty_thresh = dirty_thresh;
- __entry->dirty_limit = global_dirty_limit;
+ __entry->dirty_limit = global_wb_domain.dirty_limit;
),
TP_printk("dirty=%lu writeback=%lu unstable=%lu "
@@ -399,13 +399,13 @@ TRACE_EVENT(bdi_dirty_ratelimit,
TP_fast_assign(
strlcpy(__entry->bdi, dev_name(bdi->dev), 32);
- __entry->write_bw = KBps(bdi->write_bandwidth);
- __entry->avg_write_bw = KBps(bdi->avg_write_bandwidth);
+ __entry->write_bw = KBps(bdi->wb.write_bandwidth);
+ __entry->avg_write_bw = KBps(bdi->wb.avg_write_bandwidth);
__entry->dirty_rate = KBps(dirty_rate);
- __entry->dirty_ratelimit = KBps(bdi->dirty_ratelimit);
+ __entry->dirty_ratelimit = KBps(bdi->wb.dirty_ratelimit);
__entry->task_ratelimit = KBps(task_ratelimit);
__entry->balanced_dirty_ratelimit =
- KBps(bdi->balanced_dirty_ratelimit);
+ KBps(bdi->wb.balanced_dirty_ratelimit);
),
TP_printk("bdi %s: "
@@ -462,8 +462,9 @@ TRACE_EVENT(balance_dirty_pages,
unsigned long freerun = (thresh + bg_thresh) / 2;
strlcpy(__entry->bdi, dev_name(bdi->dev), 32);
- __entry->limit = global_dirty_limit;
- __entry->setpoint = (global_dirty_limit + freerun) / 2;
+ __entry->limit = global_wb_domain.dirty_limit;
+ __entry->setpoint = (global_wb_domain.dirty_limit +
+ freerun) / 2;
__entry->dirty = dirty;
__entry->bdi_setpoint = __entry->setpoint *
bdi_thresh / (thresh + 1);
diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index b999fa381bf9..7260b27ebbab 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -1127,6 +1127,11 @@ config DEBUG_BLK_CGROUP
Enable some debugging help. Currently it exports additional stat
files in a cgroup which can be useful for debugging.
+config CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+ bool
+ depends on MEMCG && BLK_CGROUP
+ default y
+
endif # CGROUPS
config CHECKPOINT_RESTORE
diff --git a/mm/backing-dev.c b/mm/backing-dev.c
index 000e7b3b9896..7756da31b02b 100644
--- a/mm/backing-dev.c
+++ b/mm/backing-dev.c
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@ struct backing_dev_info noop_backing_dev_info = {
.name = "noop",
.capabilities = BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_AND_WRITEBACK,
};
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(noop_backing_dev_info);
static struct class *bdi_class;
@@ -48,7 +49,7 @@ static int bdi_debug_stats_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
struct bdi_writeback *wb = &bdi->wb;
unsigned long background_thresh;
unsigned long dirty_thresh;
- unsigned long bdi_thresh;
+ unsigned long wb_thresh;
unsigned long nr_dirty, nr_io, nr_more_io, nr_dirty_time;
struct inode *inode;
@@ -66,7 +67,7 @@ static int bdi_debug_stats_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock);
global_dirty_limits(&background_thresh, &dirty_thresh);
- bdi_thresh = bdi_dirty_limit(bdi, dirty_thresh);
+ wb_thresh = wb_calc_thresh(wb, dirty_thresh);
#define K(x) ((x) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10))
seq_printf(m,
@@ -84,19 +85,19 @@ static int bdi_debug_stats_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
"b_dirty_time: %10lu\n"
"bdi_list: %10u\n"
"state: %10lx\n",
- (unsigned long) K(bdi_stat(bdi, BDI_WRITEBACK)),
- (unsigned long) K(bdi_stat(bdi, BDI_RECLAIMABLE)),
- K(bdi_thresh),
+ (unsigned long) K(wb_stat(wb, WB_WRITEBACK)),
+ (unsigned long) K(wb_stat(wb, WB_RECLAIMABLE)),
+ K(wb_thresh),
K(dirty_thresh),
K(background_thresh),
- (unsigned long) K(bdi_stat(bdi, BDI_DIRTIED)),
- (unsigned long) K(bdi_stat(bdi, BDI_WRITTEN)),
- (unsigned long) K(bdi->write_bandwidth),
+ (unsigned long) K(wb_stat(wb, WB_DIRTIED)),
+ (unsigned long) K(wb_stat(wb, WB_WRITTEN)),
+ (unsigned long) K(wb->write_bandwidth),
nr_dirty,
nr_io,
nr_more_io,
nr_dirty_time,
- !list_empty(&bdi->bdi_list), bdi->state);
+ !list_empty(&bdi->bdi_list), bdi->wb.state);
#undef K
return 0;
@@ -255,13 +256,8 @@ static int __init default_bdi_init(void)
}
subsys_initcall(default_bdi_init);
-int bdi_has_dirty_io(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
-{
- return wb_has_dirty_io(&bdi->wb);
-}
-
/*
- * This function is used when the first inode for this bdi is marked dirty. It
+ * This function is used when the first inode for this wb is marked dirty. It
* wakes-up the corresponding bdi thread which should then take care of the
* periodic background write-out of dirty inodes. Since the write-out would
* starts only 'dirty_writeback_interval' centisecs from now anyway, we just
@@ -274,162 +270,550 @@ int bdi_has_dirty_io(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
* We have to be careful not to postpone flush work if it is scheduled for
* earlier. Thus we use queue_delayed_work().
*/
-void bdi_wakeup_thread_delayed(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+void wb_wakeup_delayed(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
unsigned long timeout;
timeout = msecs_to_jiffies(dirty_writeback_interval * 10);
- spin_lock_bh(&bdi->wb_lock);
- if (test_bit(BDI_registered, &bdi->state))
- queue_delayed_work(bdi_wq, &bdi->wb.dwork, timeout);
- spin_unlock_bh(&bdi->wb_lock);
+ spin_lock_bh(&wb->work_lock);
+ if (test_bit(WB_registered, &wb->state))
+ queue_delayed_work(bdi_wq, &wb->dwork, timeout);
+ spin_unlock_bh(&wb->work_lock);
}
/*
- * Remove bdi from bdi_list, and ensure that it is no longer visible
+ * Initial write bandwidth: 100 MB/s
*/
-static void bdi_remove_from_list(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
-{
- spin_lock_bh(&bdi_lock);
- list_del_rcu(&bdi->bdi_list);
- spin_unlock_bh(&bdi_lock);
-
- synchronize_rcu_expedited();
-}
+#define INIT_BW (100 << (20 - PAGE_SHIFT))
-int bdi_register(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct device *parent,
- const char *fmt, ...)
+static int wb_init(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
+ gfp_t gfp)
{
- va_list args;
- struct device *dev;
+ int i, err;
- if (bdi->dev) /* The driver needs to use separate queues per device */
- return 0;
+ memset(wb, 0, sizeof(*wb));
- va_start(args, fmt);
- dev = device_create_vargs(bdi_class, parent, MKDEV(0, 0), bdi, fmt, args);
- va_end(args);
- if (IS_ERR(dev))
- return PTR_ERR(dev);
+ wb->bdi = bdi;
+ wb->last_old_flush = jiffies;
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->b_dirty);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->b_io);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->b_more_io);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->b_dirty_time);
+ spin_lock_init(&wb->list_lock);
- bdi->dev = dev;
+ wb->bw_time_stamp = jiffies;
+ wb->balanced_dirty_ratelimit = INIT_BW;
+ wb->dirty_ratelimit = INIT_BW;
+ wb->write_bandwidth = INIT_BW;
+ wb->avg_write_bandwidth = INIT_BW;
- bdi_debug_register(bdi, dev_name(dev));
- set_bit(BDI_registered, &bdi->state);
+ spin_lock_init(&wb->work_lock);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->work_list);
+ INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&wb->dwork, wb_workfn);
- spin_lock_bh(&bdi_lock);
- list_add_tail_rcu(&bdi->bdi_list, &bdi_list);
- spin_unlock_bh(&bdi_lock);
+ err = fprop_local_init_percpu(&wb->completions, gfp);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
- trace_writeback_bdi_register(bdi);
- return 0;
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_register);
+ for (i = 0; i < NR_WB_STAT_ITEMS; i++) {
+ err = percpu_counter_init(&wb->stat[i], 0, gfp);
+ if (err) {
+ while (--i)
+ percpu_counter_destroy(&wb->stat[i]);
+ fprop_local_destroy_percpu(&wb->completions);
+ return err;
+ }
+ }
-int bdi_register_dev(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, dev_t dev)
-{
- return bdi_register(bdi, NULL, "%u:%u", MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev));
+ return 0;
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_register_dev);
/*
* Remove bdi from the global list and shutdown any threads we have running
*/
-static void bdi_wb_shutdown(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+static void wb_shutdown(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
/* Make sure nobody queues further work */
- spin_lock_bh(&bdi->wb_lock);
- if (!test_and_clear_bit(BDI_registered, &bdi->state)) {
- spin_unlock_bh(&bdi->wb_lock);
+ spin_lock_bh(&wb->work_lock);
+ if (!test_and_clear_bit(WB_registered, &wb->state)) {
+ spin_unlock_bh(&wb->work_lock);
return;
}
- spin_unlock_bh(&bdi->wb_lock);
+ spin_unlock_bh(&wb->work_lock);
/*
- * Make sure nobody finds us on the bdi_list anymore
+ * Drain work list and shutdown the delayed_work. !WB_registered
+ * tells wb_workfn() that @wb is dying and its work_list needs to
+ * be drained no matter what.
*/
- bdi_remove_from_list(bdi);
+ mod_delayed_work(bdi_wq, &wb->dwork, 0);
+ flush_delayed_work(&wb->dwork);
+ WARN_ON(!list_empty(&wb->work_list));
+}
+
+static void wb_exit(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ WARN_ON(delayed_work_pending(&wb->dwork));
+
+ for (i = 0; i < NR_WB_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
+ percpu_counter_destroy(&wb->stat[i]);
+
+ fprop_local_destroy_percpu(&wb->completions);
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+
+#include <linux/memcontrol.h>
+
+/*
+ * cgwb_lock protects bdi->cgwb_tree, bdi->cgwb_congested_tree,
+ * blkcg->cgwb_list, and memcg->cgwb_list. bdi->cgwb_tree is also RCU
+ * protected. cgwb_release_wait is used to wait for the completion of cgwb
+ * releases from bdi destruction path.
+ */
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(cgwb_lock);
+static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(cgwb_release_wait);
+
+/**
+ * wb_congested_get_create - get or create a wb_congested
+ * @bdi: associated bdi
+ * @blkcg_id: ID of the associated blkcg
+ * @gfp: allocation mask
+ *
+ * Look up the wb_congested for @blkcg_id on @bdi. If missing, create one.
+ * The returned wb_congested has its reference count incremented. Returns
+ * NULL on failure.
+ */
+struct bdi_writeback_congested *
+wb_congested_get_create(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int blkcg_id, gfp_t gfp)
+{
+ struct bdi_writeback_congested *new_congested = NULL, *congested;
+ struct rb_node **node, *parent;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ if (blkcg_id == 1)
+ return &bdi->wb_congested;
+retry:
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&cgwb_lock, flags);
+
+ node = &bdi->cgwb_congested_tree.rb_node;
+ parent = NULL;
+
+ while (*node != NULL) {
+ parent = *node;
+ congested = container_of(parent, struct bdi_writeback_congested,
+ rb_node);
+ if (congested->blkcg_id < blkcg_id)
+ node = &parent->rb_left;
+ else if (congested->blkcg_id > blkcg_id)
+ node = &parent->rb_right;
+ else
+ goto found;
+ }
+
+ if (new_congested) {
+ /* !found and storage for new one already allocated, insert */
+ congested = new_congested;
+ new_congested = NULL;
+ rb_link_node(&congested->rb_node, parent, node);
+ rb_insert_color(&congested->rb_node, &bdi->cgwb_congested_tree);
+ atomic_inc(&bdi->usage_cnt);
+ goto found;
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cgwb_lock, flags);
+
+ /* allocate storage for new one and retry */
+ new_congested = kzalloc(sizeof(*new_congested), gfp);
+ if (!new_congested)
+ return NULL;
+
+ atomic_set(&new_congested->refcnt, 0);
+ new_congested->bdi = bdi;
+ new_congested->blkcg_id = blkcg_id;
+ goto retry;
+
+found:
+ atomic_inc(&congested->refcnt);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cgwb_lock, flags);
+ kfree(new_congested);
+ return congested;
+}
+
+/**
+ * wb_congested_put - put a wb_congested
+ * @congested: wb_congested to put
+ *
+ * Put @congested and destroy it if the refcnt reaches zero.
+ */
+void wb_congested_put(struct bdi_writeback_congested *congested)
+{
+ struct backing_dev_info *bdi = congested->bdi;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ if (congested->blkcg_id == 1)
+ return;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ if (!atomic_dec_and_lock(&congested->refcnt, &cgwb_lock)) {
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ rb_erase(&congested->rb_node, &congested->bdi->cgwb_congested_tree);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cgwb_lock, flags);
+ kfree(congested);
+
+ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&bdi->usage_cnt))
+ wake_up_all(&cgwb_release_wait);
+}
+
+static void cgwb_release_workfn(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb = container_of(work, struct bdi_writeback,
+ release_work);
+ struct backing_dev_info *bdi = wb->bdi;
+
+ wb_shutdown(wb);
+
+ css_put(wb->memcg_css);
+ css_put(wb->blkcg_css);
+ wb_congested_put(wb->congested);
+
+ fprop_local_destroy_percpu(&wb->memcg_completions);
+ percpu_ref_exit(&wb->refcnt);
+ wb_exit(wb);
+ kfree_rcu(wb, rcu);
+
+ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&bdi->usage_cnt))
+ wake_up_all(&cgwb_release_wait);
+}
+
+static void cgwb_release(struct percpu_ref *refcnt)
+{
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb = container_of(refcnt, struct bdi_writeback,
+ refcnt);
+ schedule_work(&wb->release_work);
+}
+
+static void cgwb_kill(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+{
+ lockdep_assert_held(&cgwb_lock);
+
+ WARN_ON(!radix_tree_delete(&wb->bdi->cgwb_tree, wb->memcg_css->id));
+ list_del(&wb->memcg_node);
+ list_del(&wb->blkcg_node);
+ percpu_ref_kill(&wb->refcnt);
+}
+
+static int cgwb_create(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
+ struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css, gfp_t gfp)
+{
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
+ struct cgroup_subsys_state *blkcg_css;
+ struct blkcg *blkcg;
+ struct list_head *memcg_cgwb_list, *blkcg_cgwb_list;
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ memcg = mem_cgroup_from_css(memcg_css);
+ blkcg_css = cgroup_get_e_css(memcg_css->cgroup, &blkio_cgrp_subsys);
+ blkcg = css_to_blkcg(blkcg_css);
+ memcg_cgwb_list = mem_cgroup_cgwb_list(memcg);
+ blkcg_cgwb_list = &blkcg->cgwb_list;
+
+ /* look up again under lock and discard on blkcg mismatch */
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&cgwb_lock, flags);
+ wb = radix_tree_lookup(&bdi->cgwb_tree, memcg_css->id);
+ if (wb && wb->blkcg_css != blkcg_css) {
+ cgwb_kill(wb);
+ wb = NULL;
+ }
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cgwb_lock, flags);
+ if (wb)
+ goto out_put;
+
+ /* need to create a new one */
+ wb = kmalloc(sizeof(*wb), gfp);
+ if (!wb)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ ret = wb_init(wb, bdi, gfp);
+ if (ret)
+ goto err_free;
+
+ ret = percpu_ref_init(&wb->refcnt, cgwb_release, 0, gfp);
+ if (ret)
+ goto err_wb_exit;
+
+ ret = fprop_local_init_percpu(&wb->memcg_completions, gfp);
+ if (ret)
+ goto err_ref_exit;
+
+ wb->congested = wb_congested_get_create(bdi, blkcg_css->id, gfp);
+ if (!wb->congested) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto err_fprop_exit;
+ }
+
+ wb->memcg_css = memcg_css;
+ wb->blkcg_css = blkcg_css;
+ INIT_WORK(&wb->release_work, cgwb_release_workfn);
+ set_bit(WB_registered, &wb->state);
/*
- * Drain work list and shutdown the delayed_work. At this point,
- * @bdi->bdi_list is empty telling bdi_Writeback_workfn() that @bdi
- * is dying and its work_list needs to be drained no matter what.
+ * The root wb determines the registered state of the whole bdi and
+ * memcg_cgwb_list and blkcg_cgwb_list's next pointers indicate
+ * whether they're still online. Don't link @wb if any is dead.
+ * See wb_memcg_offline() and wb_blkcg_offline().
*/
- mod_delayed_work(bdi_wq, &bdi->wb.dwork, 0);
- flush_delayed_work(&bdi->wb.dwork);
+ ret = -ENODEV;
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&cgwb_lock, flags);
+ if (test_bit(WB_registered, &bdi->wb.state) &&
+ blkcg_cgwb_list->next && memcg_cgwb_list->next) {
+ /* we might have raced another instance of this function */
+ ret = radix_tree_insert(&bdi->cgwb_tree, memcg_css->id, wb);
+ if (!ret) {
+ atomic_inc(&bdi->usage_cnt);
+ list_add(&wb->memcg_node, memcg_cgwb_list);
+ list_add(&wb->blkcg_node, blkcg_cgwb_list);
+ css_get(memcg_css);
+ css_get(blkcg_css);
+ }
+ }
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cgwb_lock, flags);
+ if (ret) {
+ if (ret == -EEXIST)
+ ret = 0;
+ goto err_put_congested;
+ }
+ goto out_put;
+
+err_put_congested:
+ wb_congested_put(wb->congested);
+err_fprop_exit:
+ fprop_local_destroy_percpu(&wb->memcg_completions);
+err_ref_exit:
+ percpu_ref_exit(&wb->refcnt);
+err_wb_exit:
+ wb_exit(wb);
+err_free:
+ kfree(wb);
+out_put:
+ css_put(blkcg_css);
+ return ret;
}
-static void bdi_wb_init(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+/**
+ * wb_get_create - get wb for a given memcg, create if necessary
+ * @bdi: target bdi
+ * @memcg_css: cgroup_subsys_state of the target memcg (must have positive ref)
+ * @gfp: allocation mask to use
+ *
+ * Try to get the wb for @memcg_css on @bdi. If it doesn't exist, try to
+ * create one. The returned wb has its refcount incremented.
+ *
+ * This function uses css_get() on @memcg_css and thus expects its refcnt
+ * to be positive on invocation. IOW, rcu_read_lock() protection on
+ * @memcg_css isn't enough. try_get it before calling this function.
+ *
+ * A wb is keyed by its associated memcg. As blkcg implicitly enables
+ * memcg on the default hierarchy, memcg association is guaranteed to be
+ * more specific (equal or descendant to the associated blkcg) and thus can
+ * identify both the memcg and blkcg associations.
+ *
+ * Because the blkcg associated with a memcg may change as blkcg is enabled
+ * and disabled closer to root in the hierarchy, each wb keeps track of
+ * both the memcg and blkcg associated with it and verifies the blkcg on
+ * each lookup. On mismatch, the existing wb is discarded and a new one is
+ * created.
+ */
+struct bdi_writeback *wb_get_create(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
+ struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css,
+ gfp_t gfp)
{
- memset(wb, 0, sizeof(*wb));
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb;
+
+ might_sleep_if(gfp & __GFP_WAIT);
+
+ if (!memcg_css->parent)
+ return &bdi->wb;
+
+ do {
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ wb = radix_tree_lookup(&bdi->cgwb_tree, memcg_css->id);
+ if (wb) {
+ struct cgroup_subsys_state *blkcg_css;
+
+ /* see whether the blkcg association has changed */
+ blkcg_css = cgroup_get_e_css(memcg_css->cgroup,
+ &blkio_cgrp_subsys);
+ if (unlikely(wb->blkcg_css != blkcg_css ||
+ !wb_tryget(wb)))
+ wb = NULL;
+ css_put(blkcg_css);
+ }
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ } while (!wb && !cgwb_create(bdi, memcg_css, gfp));
+
+ return wb;
+}
- wb->bdi = bdi;
- wb->last_old_flush = jiffies;
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->b_dirty);
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->b_io);
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->b_more_io);
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->b_dirty_time);
- spin_lock_init(&wb->list_lock);
- INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&wb->dwork, bdi_writeback_workfn);
+static void cgwb_bdi_init(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+{
+ bdi->wb.memcg_css = mem_cgroup_root_css;
+ bdi->wb.blkcg_css = blkcg_root_css;
+ bdi->wb_congested.blkcg_id = 1;
+ INIT_RADIX_TREE(&bdi->cgwb_tree, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ bdi->cgwb_congested_tree = RB_ROOT;
+ atomic_set(&bdi->usage_cnt, 1);
}
-/*
- * Initial write bandwidth: 100 MB/s
+static void cgwb_bdi_destroy(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+{
+ struct radix_tree_iter iter;
+ void **slot;
+
+ WARN_ON(test_bit(WB_registered, &bdi->wb.state));
+
+ spin_lock_irq(&cgwb_lock);
+ radix_tree_for_each_slot(slot, &bdi->cgwb_tree, &iter, 0)
+ cgwb_kill(*slot);
+ spin_unlock_irq(&cgwb_lock);
+
+ /*
+ * All cgwb's and their congested states must be shutdown and
+ * released before returning. Drain the usage counter to wait for
+ * all cgwb's and cgwb_congested's ever created on @bdi.
+ */
+ atomic_dec(&bdi->usage_cnt);
+ wait_event(cgwb_release_wait, !atomic_read(&bdi->usage_cnt));
+}
+
+/**
+ * wb_memcg_offline - kill all wb's associated with a memcg being offlined
+ * @memcg: memcg being offlined
+ *
+ * Also prevents creation of any new wb's associated with @memcg.
*/
-#define INIT_BW (100 << (20 - PAGE_SHIFT))
+void wb_memcg_offline(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+{
+ LIST_HEAD(to_destroy);
+ struct list_head *memcg_cgwb_list = mem_cgroup_cgwb_list(memcg);
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb, *next;
+
+ spin_lock_irq(&cgwb_lock);
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(wb, next, memcg_cgwb_list, memcg_node)
+ cgwb_kill(wb);
+ memcg_cgwb_list->next = NULL; /* prevent new wb's */
+ spin_unlock_irq(&cgwb_lock);
+}
+
+/**
+ * wb_blkcg_offline - kill all wb's associated with a blkcg being offlined
+ * @blkcg: blkcg being offlined
+ *
+ * Also prevents creation of any new wb's associated with @blkcg.
+ */
+void wb_blkcg_offline(struct blkcg *blkcg)
+{
+ LIST_HEAD(to_destroy);
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb, *next;
+
+ spin_lock_irq(&cgwb_lock);
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(wb, next, &blkcg->cgwb_list, blkcg_node)
+ cgwb_kill(wb);
+ blkcg->cgwb_list.next = NULL; /* prevent new wb's */
+ spin_unlock_irq(&cgwb_lock);
+}
+
+#else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */
+
+static void cgwb_bdi_init(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { }
+static void cgwb_bdi_destroy(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { }
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */
int bdi_init(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
- int i, err;
+ int err;
bdi->dev = NULL;
bdi->min_ratio = 0;
bdi->max_ratio = 100;
bdi->max_prop_frac = FPROP_FRAC_BASE;
- spin_lock_init(&bdi->wb_lock);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bdi->bdi_list);
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bdi->work_list);
+ init_waitqueue_head(&bdi->wb_waitq);
- bdi_wb_init(&bdi->wb, bdi);
+ err = wb_init(&bdi->wb, bdi, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
- for (i = 0; i < NR_BDI_STAT_ITEMS; i++) {
- err = percpu_counter_init(&bdi->bdi_stat[i], 0, GFP_KERNEL);
- if (err)
- goto err;
- }
+ bdi->wb_congested.state = 0;
+ bdi->wb.congested = &bdi->wb_congested;
- bdi->dirty_exceeded = 0;
+ cgwb_bdi_init(bdi);
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_init);
- bdi->bw_time_stamp = jiffies;
- bdi->written_stamp = 0;
+int bdi_register(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct device *parent,
+ const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+ va_list args;
+ struct device *dev;
- bdi->balanced_dirty_ratelimit = INIT_BW;
- bdi->dirty_ratelimit = INIT_BW;
- bdi->write_bandwidth = INIT_BW;
- bdi->avg_write_bandwidth = INIT_BW;
+ if (bdi->dev) /* The driver needs to use separate queues per device */
+ return 0;
- err = fprop_local_init_percpu(&bdi->completions, GFP_KERNEL);
+ va_start(args, fmt);
+ dev = device_create_vargs(bdi_class, parent, MKDEV(0, 0), bdi, fmt, args);
+ va_end(args);
+ if (IS_ERR(dev))
+ return PTR_ERR(dev);
- if (err) {
-err:
- while (i--)
- percpu_counter_destroy(&bdi->bdi_stat[i]);
- }
+ bdi->dev = dev;
- return err;
+ bdi_debug_register(bdi, dev_name(dev));
+ set_bit(WB_registered, &bdi->wb.state);
+
+ spin_lock_bh(&bdi_lock);
+ list_add_tail_rcu(&bdi->bdi_list, &bdi_list);
+ spin_unlock_bh(&bdi_lock);
+
+ trace_writeback_bdi_register(bdi);
+ return 0;
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_init);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_register);
-void bdi_destroy(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+int bdi_register_dev(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, dev_t dev)
{
- int i;
+ return bdi_register(bdi, NULL, "%u:%u", MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev));
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_register_dev);
+
+/*
+ * Remove bdi from bdi_list, and ensure that it is no longer visible
+ */
+static void bdi_remove_from_list(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+{
+ spin_lock_bh(&bdi_lock);
+ list_del_rcu(&bdi->bdi_list);
+ spin_unlock_bh(&bdi_lock);
- bdi_wb_shutdown(bdi);
- bdi_set_min_ratio(bdi, 0);
+ synchronize_rcu_expedited();
+}
- WARN_ON(!list_empty(&bdi->work_list));
- WARN_ON(delayed_work_pending(&bdi->wb.dwork));
+void bdi_destroy(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+{
+ /* make sure nobody finds us on the bdi_list anymore */
+ bdi_remove_from_list(bdi);
+ wb_shutdown(&bdi->wb);
+ cgwb_bdi_destroy(bdi);
if (bdi->dev) {
bdi_debug_unregister(bdi);
@@ -437,9 +821,7 @@ void bdi_destroy(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
bdi->dev = NULL;
}
- for (i = 0; i < NR_BDI_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
- percpu_counter_destroy(&bdi->bdi_stat[i]);
- fprop_local_destroy_percpu(&bdi->completions);
+ wb_exit(&bdi->wb);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_destroy);
@@ -472,31 +854,31 @@ static wait_queue_head_t congestion_wqh[2] = {
__WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER(congestion_wqh[0]),
__WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER(congestion_wqh[1])
};
-static atomic_t nr_bdi_congested[2];
+static atomic_t nr_wb_congested[2];
-void clear_bdi_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int sync)
+void clear_wb_congested(struct bdi_writeback_congested *congested, int sync)
{
- enum bdi_state bit;
wait_queue_head_t *wqh = &congestion_wqh[sync];
+ enum wb_state bit;
- bit = sync ? BDI_sync_congested : BDI_async_congested;
- if (test_and_clear_bit(bit, &bdi->state))
- atomic_dec(&nr_bdi_congested[sync]);
+ bit = sync ? WB_sync_congested : WB_async_congested;
+ if (test_and_clear_bit(bit, &congested->state))
+ atomic_dec(&nr_wb_congested[sync]);
smp_mb__after_atomic();
if (waitqueue_active(wqh))
wake_up(wqh);
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(clear_bdi_congested);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(clear_wb_congested);
-void set_bdi_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int sync)
+void set_wb_congested(struct bdi_writeback_congested *congested, int sync)
{
- enum bdi_state bit;
+ enum wb_state bit;
- bit = sync ? BDI_sync_congested : BDI_async_congested;
- if (!test_and_set_bit(bit, &bdi->state))
- atomic_inc(&nr_bdi_congested[sync]);
+ bit = sync ? WB_sync_congested : WB_async_congested;
+ if (!test_and_set_bit(bit, &congested->state))
+ atomic_inc(&nr_wb_congested[sync]);
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_bdi_congested);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_wb_congested);
/**
* congestion_wait - wait for a backing_dev to become uncongested
@@ -555,7 +937,7 @@ long wait_iff_congested(struct zone *zone, int sync, long timeout)
* encountered in the current zone, yield if necessary instead
* of sleeping on the congestion queue
*/
- if (atomic_read(&nr_bdi_congested[sync]) == 0 ||
+ if (atomic_read(&nr_wb_congested[sync]) == 0 ||
!test_bit(ZONE_CONGESTED, &zone->flags)) {
cond_resched();
diff --git a/mm/fadvise.c b/mm/fadvise.c
index 4a3907cf79f8..b8a5bc66b0c0 100644
--- a/mm/fadvise.c
+++ b/mm/fadvise.c
@@ -115,7 +115,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE4(fadvise64_64, int, fd, loff_t, offset, loff_t, len, int, advice)
case POSIX_FADV_NOREUSE:
break;
case POSIX_FADV_DONTNEED:
- if (!bdi_write_congested(bdi))
+ if (!inode_write_congested(mapping->host))
__filemap_fdatawrite_range(mapping, offset, endbyte,
WB_SYNC_NONE);
diff --git a/mm/filemap.c b/mm/filemap.c
index 8d17ceea8dbe..11f10efd637c 100644
--- a/mm/filemap.c
+++ b/mm/filemap.c
@@ -100,6 +100,7 @@
* ->tree_lock (page_remove_rmap->set_page_dirty)
* bdi.wb->list_lock (page_remove_rmap->set_page_dirty)
* ->inode->i_lock (page_remove_rmap->set_page_dirty)
+ * ->memcg->move_lock (page_remove_rmap->mem_cgroup_begin_page_stat)
* bdi.wb->list_lock (zap_pte_range->set_page_dirty)
* ->inode->i_lock (zap_pte_range->set_page_dirty)
* ->private_lock (zap_pte_range->__set_page_dirty_buffers)
@@ -174,9 +175,11 @@ static void page_cache_tree_delete(struct address_space *mapping,
/*
* Delete a page from the page cache and free it. Caller has to make
* sure the page is locked and that nobody else uses it - or that usage
- * is safe. The caller must hold the mapping's tree_lock.
+ * is safe. The caller must hold the mapping's tree_lock and
+ * mem_cgroup_begin_page_stat().
*/
-void __delete_from_page_cache(struct page *page, void *shadow)
+void __delete_from_page_cache(struct page *page, void *shadow,
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
{
struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping;
@@ -212,7 +215,8 @@ void __delete_from_page_cache(struct page *page, void *shadow)
* anyway will be cleared before returning page into buddy allocator.
*/
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(PageDirty(page)))
- account_page_cleaned(page, mapping);
+ account_page_cleaned(page, mapping, memcg,
+ inode_to_wb(mapping->host));
}
/**
@@ -226,14 +230,20 @@ void __delete_from_page_cache(struct page *page, void *shadow)
void delete_from_page_cache(struct page *page)
{
struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping;
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
void (*freepage)(struct page *);
BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
freepage = mapping->a_ops->freepage;
- spin_lock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
- __delete_from_page_cache(page, NULL);
- spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
+
+ memcg = mem_cgroup_begin_page_stat(page);
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
+ __delete_from_page_cache(page, NULL, memcg);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
+ mem_cgroup_end_page_stat(memcg);
if (freepage)
freepage(page);
@@ -283,7 +293,9 @@ int __filemap_fdatawrite_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start,
if (!mapping_cap_writeback_dirty(mapping))
return 0;
+ wbc_attach_fdatawrite_inode(&wbc, mapping->host);
ret = do_writepages(mapping, &wbc);
+ wbc_detach_inode(&wbc);
return ret;
}
@@ -472,6 +484,8 @@ int replace_page_cache_page(struct page *old, struct page *new, gfp_t gfp_mask)
if (!error) {
struct address_space *mapping = old->mapping;
void (*freepage)(struct page *);
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
+ unsigned long flags;
pgoff_t offset = old->index;
freepage = mapping->a_ops->freepage;
@@ -480,8 +494,9 @@ int replace_page_cache_page(struct page *old, struct page *new, gfp_t gfp_mask)
new->mapping = mapping;
new->index = offset;
- spin_lock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
- __delete_from_page_cache(old, NULL);
+ memcg = mem_cgroup_begin_page_stat(old);
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
+ __delete_from_page_cache(old, NULL, memcg);
error = radix_tree_insert(&mapping->page_tree, offset, new);
BUG_ON(error);
mapping->nrpages++;
@@ -493,7 +508,8 @@ int replace_page_cache_page(struct page *old, struct page *new, gfp_t gfp_mask)
__inc_zone_page_state(new, NR_FILE_PAGES);
if (PageSwapBacked(new))
__inc_zone_page_state(new, NR_SHMEM);
- spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
+ mem_cgroup_end_page_stat(memcg);
mem_cgroup_migrate(old, new, true);
radix_tree_preload_end();
if (freepage)
diff --git a/mm/madvise.c b/mm/madvise.c
index d551475517bf..64bb8a22110c 100644
--- a/mm/madvise.c
+++ b/mm/madvise.c
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/swapops.h>
diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index e65f7b0131d3..acb93c554f6e 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -77,6 +77,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(memory_cgrp_subsys);
#define MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_RETRIES 5
static struct mem_cgroup *root_mem_cgroup __read_mostly;
+struct cgroup_subsys_state *mem_cgroup_root_css __read_mostly;
/* Whether the swap controller is active */
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_SWAP
@@ -90,6 +91,7 @@ static const char * const mem_cgroup_stat_names[] = {
"rss",
"rss_huge",
"mapped_file",
+ "dirty",
"writeback",
"swap",
};
@@ -322,11 +324,6 @@ struct mem_cgroup {
* percpu counter.
*/
struct mem_cgroup_stat_cpu __percpu *stat;
- /*
- * used when a cpu is offlined or other synchronizations
- * See mem_cgroup_read_stat().
- */
- struct mem_cgroup_stat_cpu nocpu_base;
spinlock_t pcp_counter_lock;
#if defined(CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM) && defined(CONFIG_INET)
@@ -346,6 +343,11 @@ struct mem_cgroup {
atomic_t numainfo_updating;
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+ struct list_head cgwb_list;
+ struct wb_domain cgwb_domain;
+#endif
+
/* List of events which userspace want to receive */
struct list_head event_list;
spinlock_t event_list_lock;
@@ -596,6 +598,39 @@ struct cgroup_subsys_state *mem_cgroup_css(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
return &memcg->css;
}
+/**
+ * mem_cgroup_css_from_page - css of the memcg associated with a page
+ * @page: page of interest
+ *
+ * If memcg is bound to the default hierarchy, css of the memcg associated
+ * with @page is returned. The returned css remains associated with @page
+ * until it is released.
+ *
+ * If memcg is bound to a traditional hierarchy, the css of root_mem_cgroup
+ * is returned.
+ *
+ * XXX: The above description of behavior on the default hierarchy isn't
+ * strictly true yet as replace_page_cache_page() can modify the
+ * association before @page is released even on the default hierarchy;
+ * however, the current and planned usages don't mix the the two functions
+ * and replace_page_cache_page() will soon be updated to make the invariant
+ * actually true.
+ */
+struct cgroup_subsys_state *mem_cgroup_css_from_page(struct page *page)
+{
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+
+ memcg = page->mem_cgroup;
+
+ if (!memcg || !cgroup_on_dfl(memcg->css.cgroup))
+ memcg = root_mem_cgroup;
+
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return &memcg->css;
+}
+
static struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *
mem_cgroup_page_zoneinfo(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, struct page *page)
{
@@ -795,15 +830,8 @@ static long mem_cgroup_read_stat(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
long val = 0;
int cpu;
- get_online_cpus();
- for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
val += per_cpu(memcg->stat->count[idx], cpu);
-#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
- spin_lock(&memcg->pcp_counter_lock);
- val += memcg->nocpu_base.count[idx];
- spin_unlock(&memcg->pcp_counter_lock);
-#endif
- put_online_cpus();
return val;
}
@@ -813,15 +841,8 @@ static unsigned long mem_cgroup_read_events(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
unsigned long val = 0;
int cpu;
- get_online_cpus();
- for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
val += per_cpu(memcg->stat->events[idx], cpu);
-#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
- spin_lock(&memcg->pcp_counter_lock);
- val += memcg->nocpu_base.events[idx];
- spin_unlock(&memcg->pcp_counter_lock);
-#endif
- put_online_cpus();
return val;
}
@@ -2020,6 +2041,7 @@ again:
return memcg;
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_cgroup_begin_page_stat);
/**
* mem_cgroup_end_page_stat - finish a page state statistics transaction
@@ -2038,6 +2060,7 @@ void mem_cgroup_end_page_stat(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
rcu_read_unlock();
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_cgroup_end_page_stat);
/**
* mem_cgroup_update_page_stat - update page state statistics
@@ -2178,37 +2201,12 @@ static void drain_all_stock(struct mem_cgroup *root_memcg)
mutex_unlock(&percpu_charge_mutex);
}
-/*
- * This function drains percpu counter value from DEAD cpu and
- * move it to local cpu. Note that this function can be preempted.
- */
-static void mem_cgroup_drain_pcp_counter(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int cpu)
-{
- int i;
-
- spin_lock(&memcg->pcp_counter_lock);
- for (i = 0; i < MEM_CGROUP_STAT_NSTATS; i++) {
- long x = per_cpu(memcg->stat->count[i], cpu);
-
- per_cpu(memcg->stat->count[i], cpu) = 0;
- memcg->nocpu_base.count[i] += x;
- }
- for (i = 0; i < MEM_CGROUP_EVENTS_NSTATS; i++) {
- unsigned long x = per_cpu(memcg->stat->events[i], cpu);
-
- per_cpu(memcg->stat->events[i], cpu) = 0;
- memcg->nocpu_base.events[i] += x;
- }
- spin_unlock(&memcg->pcp_counter_lock);
-}
-
static int memcg_cpu_hotplug_callback(struct notifier_block *nb,
unsigned long action,
void *hcpu)
{
int cpu = (unsigned long)hcpu;
struct memcg_stock_pcp *stock;
- struct mem_cgroup *iter;
if (action == CPU_ONLINE)
return NOTIFY_OK;
@@ -2216,9 +2214,6 @@ static int memcg_cpu_hotplug_callback(struct notifier_block *nb,
if (action != CPU_DEAD && action != CPU_DEAD_FROZEN)
return NOTIFY_OK;
- for_each_mem_cgroup(iter)
- mem_cgroup_drain_pcp_counter(iter, cpu);
-
stock = &per_cpu(memcg_stock, cpu);
drain_stock(stock);
return NOTIFY_OK;
@@ -4004,6 +3999,98 @@ static void memcg_destroy_kmem(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
}
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+
+struct list_head *mem_cgroup_cgwb_list(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+{
+ return &memcg->cgwb_list;
+}
+
+static int memcg_wb_domain_init(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, gfp_t gfp)
+{
+ return wb_domain_init(&memcg->cgwb_domain, gfp);
+}
+
+static void memcg_wb_domain_exit(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+{
+ wb_domain_exit(&memcg->cgwb_domain);
+}
+
+static void memcg_wb_domain_size_changed(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+{
+ wb_domain_size_changed(&memcg->cgwb_domain);
+}
+
+struct wb_domain *mem_cgroup_wb_domain(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+{
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg = mem_cgroup_from_css(wb->memcg_css);
+
+ if (!memcg->css.parent)
+ return NULL;
+
+ return &memcg->cgwb_domain;
+}
+
+/**
+ * mem_cgroup_wb_stats - retrieve writeback related stats from its memcg
+ * @wb: bdi_writeback in question
+ * @pavail: out parameter for number of available pages
+ * @pdirty: out parameter for number of dirty pages
+ * @pwriteback: out parameter for number of pages under writeback
+ *
+ * Determine the numbers of available, dirty, and writeback pages in @wb's
+ * memcg. Dirty and writeback are self-explanatory. Available is a bit
+ * more involved.
+ *
+ * A memcg's headroom is "min(max, high) - used". The available memory is
+ * calculated as the lowest headroom of itself and the ancestors plus the
+ * number of pages already being used for file pages. Note that this
+ * doesn't consider the actual amount of available memory in the system.
+ * The caller should further cap *@pavail accordingly.
+ */
+void mem_cgroup_wb_stats(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned long *pavail,
+ unsigned long *pdirty, unsigned long *pwriteback)
+{
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg = mem_cgroup_from_css(wb->memcg_css);
+ struct mem_cgroup *parent;
+ unsigned long head_room = PAGE_COUNTER_MAX;
+ unsigned long file_pages;
+
+ *pdirty = mem_cgroup_read_stat(memcg, MEM_CGROUP_STAT_DIRTY);
+
+ /* this should eventually include NR_UNSTABLE_NFS */
+ *pwriteback = mem_cgroup_read_stat(memcg, MEM_CGROUP_STAT_WRITEBACK);
+
+ file_pages = mem_cgroup_nr_lru_pages(memcg, (1 << LRU_INACTIVE_FILE) |
+ (1 << LRU_ACTIVE_FILE));
+ while ((parent = parent_mem_cgroup(memcg))) {
+ unsigned long ceiling = min(memcg->memory.limit, memcg->high);
+ unsigned long used = page_counter_read(&memcg->memory);
+
+ head_room = min(head_room, ceiling - min(ceiling, used));
+ memcg = parent;
+ }
+
+ *pavail = file_pages + head_room;
+}
+
+#else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */
+
+static int memcg_wb_domain_init(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, gfp_t gfp)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void memcg_wb_domain_exit(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+{
+}
+
+static void memcg_wb_domain_size_changed(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+{
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */
+
/*
* DO NOT USE IN NEW FILES.
*
@@ -4388,9 +4475,15 @@ static struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_alloc(void)
memcg->stat = alloc_percpu(struct mem_cgroup_stat_cpu);
if (!memcg->stat)
goto out_free;
+
+ if (memcg_wb_domain_init(memcg, GFP_KERNEL))
+ goto out_free_stat;
+
spin_lock_init(&memcg->pcp_counter_lock);
return memcg;
+out_free_stat:
+ free_percpu(memcg->stat);
out_free:
kfree(memcg);
return NULL;
@@ -4417,6 +4510,7 @@ static void __mem_cgroup_free(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
free_mem_cgroup_per_zone_info(memcg, node);
free_percpu(memcg->stat);
+ memcg_wb_domain_exit(memcg);
kfree(memcg);
}
@@ -4449,6 +4543,7 @@ mem_cgroup_css_alloc(struct cgroup_subsys_state *parent_css)
/* root ? */
if (parent_css == NULL) {
root_mem_cgroup = memcg;
+ mem_cgroup_root_css = &memcg->css;
page_counter_init(&memcg->memory, NULL);
memcg->high = PAGE_COUNTER_MAX;
memcg->soft_limit = PAGE_COUNTER_MAX;
@@ -4467,7 +4562,9 @@ mem_cgroup_css_alloc(struct cgroup_subsys_state *parent_css)
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM
memcg->kmemcg_id = -1;
#endif
-
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&memcg->cgwb_list);
+#endif
return &memcg->css;
free_out:
@@ -4555,6 +4652,8 @@ static void mem_cgroup_css_offline(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
vmpressure_cleanup(&memcg->vmpressure);
memcg_deactivate_kmem(memcg);
+
+ wb_memcg_offline(memcg);
}
static void mem_cgroup_css_free(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
@@ -4588,6 +4687,7 @@ static void mem_cgroup_css_reset(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
memcg->low = 0;
memcg->high = PAGE_COUNTER_MAX;
memcg->soft_limit = PAGE_COUNTER_MAX;
+ memcg_wb_domain_size_changed(memcg);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
@@ -4757,6 +4857,7 @@ static int mem_cgroup_move_account(struct page *page,
{
unsigned long flags;
int ret;
+ bool anon;
VM_BUG_ON(from == to);
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageLRU(page), page);
@@ -4782,15 +4883,33 @@ static int mem_cgroup_move_account(struct page *page,
if (page->mem_cgroup != from)
goto out_unlock;
+ anon = PageAnon(page);
+
spin_lock_irqsave(&from->move_lock, flags);
- if (!PageAnon(page) && page_mapped(page)) {
+ if (!anon && page_mapped(page)) {
__this_cpu_sub(from->stat->count[MEM_CGROUP_STAT_FILE_MAPPED],
nr_pages);
__this_cpu_add(to->stat->count[MEM_CGROUP_STAT_FILE_MAPPED],
nr_pages);
}
+ /*
+ * move_lock grabbed above and caller set from->moving_account, so
+ * mem_cgroup_update_page_stat() will serialize updates to PageDirty.
+ * So mapping should be stable for dirty pages.
+ */
+ if (!anon && PageDirty(page)) {
+ struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page);
+
+ if (mapping_cap_account_dirty(mapping)) {
+ __this_cpu_sub(from->stat->count[MEM_CGROUP_STAT_DIRTY],
+ nr_pages);
+ __this_cpu_add(to->stat->count[MEM_CGROUP_STAT_DIRTY],
+ nr_pages);
+ }
+ }
+
if (PageWriteback(page)) {
__this_cpu_sub(from->stat->count[MEM_CGROUP_STAT_WRITEBACK],
nr_pages);
@@ -5306,6 +5425,7 @@ static ssize_t memory_high_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of,
memcg->high = high;
+ memcg_wb_domain_size_changed(memcg);
return nbytes;
}
@@ -5338,6 +5458,7 @@ static ssize_t memory_max_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of,
if (err)
return err;
+ memcg_wb_domain_size_changed(memcg);
return nbytes;
}
diff --git a/mm/page-writeback.c b/mm/page-writeback.c
index eb59f7eea508..22cddd3e5de8 100644
--- a/mm/page-writeback.c
+++ b/mm/page-writeback.c
@@ -122,31 +122,31 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(laptop_mode);
/* End of sysctl-exported parameters */
-unsigned long global_dirty_limit;
+struct wb_domain global_wb_domain;
-/*
- * Scale the writeback cache size proportional to the relative writeout speeds.
- *
- * We do this by keeping a floating proportion between BDIs, based on page
- * writeback completions [end_page_writeback()]. Those devices that write out
- * pages fastest will get the larger share, while the slower will get a smaller
- * share.
- *
- * We use page writeout completions because we are interested in getting rid of
- * dirty pages. Having them written out is the primary goal.
- *
- * We introduce a concept of time, a period over which we measure these events,
- * because demand can/will vary over time. The length of this period itself is
- * measured in page writeback completions.
- *
- */
-static struct fprop_global writeout_completions;
+/* consolidated parameters for balance_dirty_pages() and its subroutines */
+struct dirty_throttle_control {
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+ struct wb_domain *dom;
+ struct dirty_throttle_control *gdtc; /* only set in memcg dtc's */
+#endif
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb;
+ struct fprop_local_percpu *wb_completions;
-static void writeout_period(unsigned long t);
-/* Timer for aging of writeout_completions */
-static struct timer_list writeout_period_timer =
- TIMER_DEFERRED_INITIALIZER(writeout_period, 0, 0);
-static unsigned long writeout_period_time = 0;
+ unsigned long avail; /* dirtyable */
+ unsigned long dirty; /* file_dirty + write + nfs */
+ unsigned long thresh; /* dirty threshold */
+ unsigned long bg_thresh; /* dirty background threshold */
+
+ unsigned long wb_dirty; /* per-wb counterparts */
+ unsigned long wb_thresh;
+ unsigned long wb_bg_thresh;
+
+ unsigned long pos_ratio;
+};
+
+#define DTC_INIT_COMMON(__wb) .wb = (__wb), \
+ .wb_completions = &(__wb)->completions
/*
* Length of period for aging writeout fractions of bdis. This is an
@@ -155,6 +155,97 @@ static unsigned long writeout_period_time = 0;
*/
#define VM_COMPLETIONS_PERIOD_LEN (3*HZ)
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+
+#define GDTC_INIT(__wb) .dom = &global_wb_domain, \
+ DTC_INIT_COMMON(__wb)
+#define GDTC_INIT_NO_WB .dom = &global_wb_domain
+#define MDTC_INIT(__wb, __gdtc) .dom = mem_cgroup_wb_domain(__wb), \
+ .gdtc = __gdtc, \
+ DTC_INIT_COMMON(__wb)
+
+static bool mdtc_valid(struct dirty_throttle_control *dtc)
+{
+ return dtc->dom;
+}
+
+static struct wb_domain *dtc_dom(struct dirty_throttle_control *dtc)
+{
+ return dtc->dom;
+}
+
+static struct dirty_throttle_control *mdtc_gdtc(struct dirty_throttle_control *mdtc)
+{
+ return mdtc->gdtc;
+}
+
+static struct fprop_local_percpu *wb_memcg_completions(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+{
+ return &wb->memcg_completions;
+}
+
+static void wb_min_max_ratio(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
+ unsigned long *minp, unsigned long *maxp)
+{
+ unsigned long this_bw = wb->avg_write_bandwidth;
+ unsigned long tot_bw = atomic_long_read(&wb->bdi->tot_write_bandwidth);
+ unsigned long long min = wb->bdi->min_ratio;
+ unsigned long long max = wb->bdi->max_ratio;
+
+ /*
+ * @wb may already be clean by the time control reaches here and
+ * the total may not include its bw.
+ */
+ if (this_bw < tot_bw) {
+ if (min) {
+ min *= this_bw;
+ do_div(min, tot_bw);
+ }
+ if (max < 100) {
+ max *= this_bw;
+ do_div(max, tot_bw);
+ }
+ }
+
+ *minp = min;
+ *maxp = max;
+}
+
+#else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */
+
+#define GDTC_INIT(__wb) DTC_INIT_COMMON(__wb)
+#define GDTC_INIT_NO_WB
+#define MDTC_INIT(__wb, __gdtc)
+
+static bool mdtc_valid(struct dirty_throttle_control *dtc)
+{
+ return false;
+}
+
+static struct wb_domain *dtc_dom(struct dirty_throttle_control *dtc)
+{
+ return &global_wb_domain;
+}
+
+static struct dirty_throttle_control *mdtc_gdtc(struct dirty_throttle_control *mdtc)
+{
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static struct fprop_local_percpu *wb_memcg_completions(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+{
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static void wb_min_max_ratio(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
+ unsigned long *minp, unsigned long *maxp)
+{
+ *minp = wb->bdi->min_ratio;
+ *maxp = wb->bdi->max_ratio;
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */
+
/*
* In a memory zone, there is a certain amount of pages we consider
* available for the page cache, which is essentially the number of
@@ -250,42 +341,88 @@ static unsigned long global_dirtyable_memory(void)
return x + 1; /* Ensure that we never return 0 */
}
-/*
- * global_dirty_limits - background-writeback and dirty-throttling thresholds
+/**
+ * domain_dirty_limits - calculate thresh and bg_thresh for a wb_domain
+ * @dtc: dirty_throttle_control of interest
*
- * Calculate the dirty thresholds based on sysctl parameters
- * - vm.dirty_background_ratio or vm.dirty_background_bytes
- * - vm.dirty_ratio or vm.dirty_bytes
- * The dirty limits will be lifted by 1/4 for PF_LESS_THROTTLE (ie. nfsd) and
+ * Calculate @dtc->thresh and ->bg_thresh considering
+ * vm_dirty_{bytes|ratio} and dirty_background_{bytes|ratio}. The caller
+ * must ensure that @dtc->avail is set before calling this function. The
+ * dirty limits will be lifted by 1/4 for PF_LESS_THROTTLE (ie. nfsd) and
* real-time tasks.
*/
-void global_dirty_limits(unsigned long *pbackground, unsigned long *pdirty)
+static void domain_dirty_limits(struct dirty_throttle_control *dtc)
{
- const unsigned long available_memory = global_dirtyable_memory();
- unsigned long background;
- unsigned long dirty;
+ const unsigned long available_memory = dtc->avail;
+ struct dirty_throttle_control *gdtc = mdtc_gdtc(dtc);
+ unsigned long bytes = vm_dirty_bytes;
+ unsigned long bg_bytes = dirty_background_bytes;
+ unsigned long ratio = vm_dirty_ratio;
+ unsigned long bg_ratio = dirty_background_ratio;
+ unsigned long thresh;
+ unsigned long bg_thresh;
struct task_struct *tsk;
- if (vm_dirty_bytes)
- dirty = DIV_ROUND_UP(vm_dirty_bytes, PAGE_SIZE);
+ /* gdtc is !NULL iff @dtc is for memcg domain */
+ if (gdtc) {
+ unsigned long global_avail = gdtc->avail;
+
+ /*
+ * The byte settings can't be applied directly to memcg
+ * domains. Convert them to ratios by scaling against
+ * globally available memory.
+ */
+ if (bytes)
+ ratio = min(DIV_ROUND_UP(bytes, PAGE_SIZE) * 100 /
+ global_avail, 100UL);
+ if (bg_bytes)
+ bg_ratio = min(DIV_ROUND_UP(bg_bytes, PAGE_SIZE) * 100 /
+ global_avail, 100UL);
+ bytes = bg_bytes = 0;
+ }
+
+ if (bytes)
+ thresh = DIV_ROUND_UP(bytes, PAGE_SIZE);
else
- dirty = (vm_dirty_ratio * available_memory) / 100;
+ thresh = (ratio * available_memory) / 100;
- if (dirty_background_bytes)
- background = DIV_ROUND_UP(dirty_background_bytes, PAGE_SIZE);
+ if (bg_bytes)
+ bg_thresh = DIV_ROUND_UP(bg_bytes, PAGE_SIZE);
else
- background = (dirty_background_ratio * available_memory) / 100;
+ bg_thresh = (bg_ratio * available_memory) / 100;
- if (background >= dirty)
- background = dirty / 2;
+ if (bg_thresh >= thresh)
+ bg_thresh = thresh / 2;
tsk = current;
if (tsk->flags & PF_LESS_THROTTLE || rt_task(tsk)) {
- background += background / 4;
- dirty += dirty / 4;
+ bg_thresh += bg_thresh / 4;
+ thresh += thresh / 4;
}
- *pbackground = background;
- *pdirty = dirty;
- trace_global_dirty_state(background, dirty);
+ dtc->thresh = thresh;
+ dtc->bg_thresh = bg_thresh;
+
+ /* we should eventually report the domain in the TP */
+ if (!gdtc)
+ trace_global_dirty_state(bg_thresh, thresh);
+}
+
+/**
+ * global_dirty_limits - background-writeback and dirty-throttling thresholds
+ * @pbackground: out parameter for bg_thresh
+ * @pdirty: out parameter for thresh
+ *
+ * Calculate bg_thresh and thresh for global_wb_domain. See
+ * domain_dirty_limits() for details.
+ */
+void global_dirty_limits(unsigned long *pbackground, unsigned long *pdirty)
+{
+ struct dirty_throttle_control gdtc = { GDTC_INIT_NO_WB };
+
+ gdtc.avail = global_dirtyable_memory();
+ domain_dirty_limits(&gdtc);
+
+ *pbackground = gdtc.bg_thresh;
+ *pdirty = gdtc.thresh;
}
/**
@@ -392,47 +529,52 @@ static unsigned long wp_next_time(unsigned long cur_time)
return cur_time;
}
-/*
- * Increment the BDI's writeout completion count and the global writeout
- * completion count. Called from test_clear_page_writeback().
- */
-static inline void __bdi_writeout_inc(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+static void wb_domain_writeout_inc(struct wb_domain *dom,
+ struct fprop_local_percpu *completions,
+ unsigned int max_prop_frac)
{
- __inc_bdi_stat(bdi, BDI_WRITTEN);
- __fprop_inc_percpu_max(&writeout_completions, &bdi->completions,
- bdi->max_prop_frac);
+ __fprop_inc_percpu_max(&dom->completions, completions,
+ max_prop_frac);
/* First event after period switching was turned off? */
- if (!unlikely(writeout_period_time)) {
+ if (!unlikely(dom->period_time)) {
/*
* We can race with other __bdi_writeout_inc calls here but
* it does not cause any harm since the resulting time when
* timer will fire and what is in writeout_period_time will be
* roughly the same.
*/
- writeout_period_time = wp_next_time(jiffies);
- mod_timer(&writeout_period_timer, writeout_period_time);
+ dom->period_time = wp_next_time(jiffies);
+ mod_timer(&dom->period_timer, dom->period_time);
}
}
-void bdi_writeout_inc(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+/*
+ * Increment @wb's writeout completion count and the global writeout
+ * completion count. Called from test_clear_page_writeback().
+ */
+static inline void __wb_writeout_inc(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
- unsigned long flags;
+ struct wb_domain *cgdom;
- local_irq_save(flags);
- __bdi_writeout_inc(bdi);
- local_irq_restore(flags);
+ __inc_wb_stat(wb, WB_WRITTEN);
+ wb_domain_writeout_inc(&global_wb_domain, &wb->completions,
+ wb->bdi->max_prop_frac);
+
+ cgdom = mem_cgroup_wb_domain(wb);
+ if (cgdom)
+ wb_domain_writeout_inc(cgdom, wb_memcg_completions(wb),
+ wb->bdi->max_prop_frac);
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bdi_writeout_inc);
-/*
- * Obtain an accurate fraction of the BDI's portion.
- */
-static void bdi_writeout_fraction(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
- long *numerator, long *denominator)
+void wb_writeout_inc(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
- fprop_fraction_percpu(&writeout_completions, &bdi->completions,
- numerator, denominator);
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ __wb_writeout_inc(wb);
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wb_writeout_inc);
/*
* On idle system, we can be called long after we scheduled because we use
@@ -440,22 +582,46 @@ static void bdi_writeout_fraction(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
*/
static void writeout_period(unsigned long t)
{
- int miss_periods = (jiffies - writeout_period_time) /
+ struct wb_domain *dom = (void *)t;
+ int miss_periods = (jiffies - dom->period_time) /
VM_COMPLETIONS_PERIOD_LEN;
- if (fprop_new_period(&writeout_completions, miss_periods + 1)) {
- writeout_period_time = wp_next_time(writeout_period_time +
+ if (fprop_new_period(&dom->completions, miss_periods + 1)) {
+ dom->period_time = wp_next_time(dom->period_time +
miss_periods * VM_COMPLETIONS_PERIOD_LEN);
- mod_timer(&writeout_period_timer, writeout_period_time);
+ mod_timer(&dom->period_timer, dom->period_time);
} else {
/*
* Aging has zeroed all fractions. Stop wasting CPU on period
* updates.
*/
- writeout_period_time = 0;
+ dom->period_time = 0;
}
}
+int wb_domain_init(struct wb_domain *dom, gfp_t gfp)
+{
+ memset(dom, 0, sizeof(*dom));
+
+ spin_lock_init(&dom->lock);
+
+ init_timer_deferrable(&dom->period_timer);
+ dom->period_timer.function = writeout_period;
+ dom->period_timer.data = (unsigned long)dom;
+
+ dom->dirty_limit_tstamp = jiffies;
+
+ return fprop_global_init(&dom->completions, gfp);
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+void wb_domain_exit(struct wb_domain *dom)
+{
+ del_timer_sync(&dom->period_timer);
+ fprop_global_destroy(&dom->completions);
+}
+#endif
+
/*
* bdi_min_ratio keeps the sum of the minimum dirty shares of all
* registered backing devices, which, for obvious reasons, can not
@@ -510,17 +676,26 @@ static unsigned long dirty_freerun_ceiling(unsigned long thresh,
return (thresh + bg_thresh) / 2;
}
-static unsigned long hard_dirty_limit(unsigned long thresh)
+static unsigned long hard_dirty_limit(struct wb_domain *dom,
+ unsigned long thresh)
{
- return max(thresh, global_dirty_limit);
+ return max(thresh, dom->dirty_limit);
+}
+
+/* memory available to a memcg domain is capped by system-wide clean memory */
+static void mdtc_cap_avail(struct dirty_throttle_control *mdtc)
+{
+ struct dirty_throttle_control *gdtc = mdtc_gdtc(mdtc);
+ unsigned long clean = gdtc->avail - min(gdtc->avail, gdtc->dirty);
+
+ mdtc->avail = min(mdtc->avail, clean);
}
/**
- * bdi_dirty_limit - @bdi's share of dirty throttling threshold
- * @bdi: the backing_dev_info to query
- * @dirty: global dirty limit in pages
+ * __wb_calc_thresh - @wb's share of dirty throttling threshold
+ * @dtc: dirty_throttle_context of interest
*
- * Returns @bdi's dirty limit in pages. The term "dirty" in the context of
+ * Returns @wb's dirty limit in pages. The term "dirty" in the context of
* dirty balancing includes all PG_dirty, PG_writeback and NFS unstable pages.
*
* Note that balance_dirty_pages() will only seriously take it as a hard limit
@@ -528,34 +703,47 @@ static unsigned long hard_dirty_limit(unsigned long thresh)
* control. For example, when the device is completely stalled due to some error
* conditions, or when there are 1000 dd tasks writing to a slow 10MB/s USB key.
* In the other normal situations, it acts more gently by throttling the tasks
- * more (rather than completely block them) when the bdi dirty pages go high.
+ * more (rather than completely block them) when the wb dirty pages go high.
*
* It allocates high/low dirty limits to fast/slow devices, in order to prevent
* - starving fast devices
* - piling up dirty pages (that will take long time to sync) on slow devices
*
- * The bdi's share of dirty limit will be adapting to its throughput and
+ * The wb's share of dirty limit will be adapting to its throughput and
* bounded by the bdi->min_ratio and/or bdi->max_ratio parameters, if set.
*/
-unsigned long bdi_dirty_limit(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, unsigned long dirty)
+static unsigned long __wb_calc_thresh(struct dirty_throttle_control *dtc)
{
- u64 bdi_dirty;
+ struct wb_domain *dom = dtc_dom(dtc);
+ unsigned long thresh = dtc->thresh;
+ u64 wb_thresh;
long numerator, denominator;
+ unsigned long wb_min_ratio, wb_max_ratio;
/*
- * Calculate this BDI's share of the dirty ratio.
+ * Calculate this BDI's share of the thresh ratio.
*/
- bdi_writeout_fraction(bdi, &numerator, &denominator);
+ fprop_fraction_percpu(&dom->completions, dtc->wb_completions,
+ &numerator, &denominator);
+
+ wb_thresh = (thresh * (100 - bdi_min_ratio)) / 100;
+ wb_thresh *= numerator;
+ do_div(wb_thresh, denominator);
- bdi_dirty = (dirty * (100 - bdi_min_ratio)) / 100;
- bdi_dirty *= numerator;
- do_div(bdi_dirty, denominator);
+ wb_min_max_ratio(dtc->wb, &wb_min_ratio, &wb_max_ratio);
- bdi_dirty += (dirty * bdi->min_ratio) / 100;
- if (bdi_dirty > (dirty * bdi->max_ratio) / 100)
- bdi_dirty = dirty * bdi->max_ratio / 100;
+ wb_thresh += (thresh * wb_min_ratio) / 100;
+ if (wb_thresh > (thresh * wb_max_ratio) / 100)
+ wb_thresh = thresh * wb_max_ratio / 100;
- return bdi_dirty;
+ return wb_thresh;
+}
+
+unsigned long wb_calc_thresh(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned long thresh)
+{
+ struct dirty_throttle_control gdtc = { GDTC_INIT(wb),
+ .thresh = thresh };
+ return __wb_calc_thresh(&gdtc);
}
/*
@@ -594,7 +782,7 @@ static long long pos_ratio_polynom(unsigned long setpoint,
*
* (o) global/bdi setpoints
*
- * We want the dirty pages be balanced around the global/bdi setpoints.
+ * We want the dirty pages be balanced around the global/wb setpoints.
* When the number of dirty pages is higher/lower than the setpoint, the
* dirty position control ratio (and hence task dirty ratelimit) will be
* decreased/increased to bring the dirty pages back to the setpoint.
@@ -604,8 +792,8 @@ static long long pos_ratio_polynom(unsigned long setpoint,
* if (dirty < setpoint) scale up pos_ratio
* if (dirty > setpoint) scale down pos_ratio
*
- * if (bdi_dirty < bdi_setpoint) scale up pos_ratio
- * if (bdi_dirty > bdi_setpoint) scale down pos_ratio
+ * if (wb_dirty < wb_setpoint) scale up pos_ratio
+ * if (wb_dirty > wb_setpoint) scale down pos_ratio
*
* task_ratelimit = dirty_ratelimit * pos_ratio >> RATELIMIT_CALC_SHIFT
*
@@ -630,7 +818,7 @@ static long long pos_ratio_polynom(unsigned long setpoint,
* 0 +------------.------------------.----------------------*------------->
* freerun^ setpoint^ limit^ dirty pages
*
- * (o) bdi control line
+ * (o) wb control line
*
* ^ pos_ratio
* |
@@ -656,33 +844,32 @@ static long long pos_ratio_polynom(unsigned long setpoint,
* | . .
* | . .
* 0 +----------------------.-------------------------------.------------->
- * bdi_setpoint^ x_intercept^
+ * wb_setpoint^ x_intercept^
*
- * The bdi control line won't drop below pos_ratio=1/4, so that bdi_dirty can
+ * The wb control line won't drop below pos_ratio=1/4, so that wb_dirty can
* be smoothly throttled down to normal if it starts high in situations like
* - start writing to a slow SD card and a fast disk at the same time. The SD
- * card's bdi_dirty may rush to many times higher than bdi_setpoint.
- * - the bdi dirty thresh drops quickly due to change of JBOD workload
+ * card's wb_dirty may rush to many times higher than wb_setpoint.
+ * - the wb dirty thresh drops quickly due to change of JBOD workload
*/
-static unsigned long bdi_position_ratio(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
- unsigned long thresh,
- unsigned long bg_thresh,
- unsigned long dirty,
- unsigned long bdi_thresh,
- unsigned long bdi_dirty)
-{
- unsigned long write_bw = bdi->avg_write_bandwidth;
- unsigned long freerun = dirty_freerun_ceiling(thresh, bg_thresh);
- unsigned long limit = hard_dirty_limit(thresh);
+static void wb_position_ratio(struct dirty_throttle_control *dtc)
+{
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb = dtc->wb;
+ unsigned long write_bw = wb->avg_write_bandwidth;
+ unsigned long freerun = dirty_freerun_ceiling(dtc->thresh, dtc->bg_thresh);
+ unsigned long limit = hard_dirty_limit(dtc_dom(dtc), dtc->thresh);
+ unsigned long wb_thresh = dtc->wb_thresh;
unsigned long x_intercept;
unsigned long setpoint; /* dirty pages' target balance point */
- unsigned long bdi_setpoint;
+ unsigned long wb_setpoint;
unsigned long span;
long long pos_ratio; /* for scaling up/down the rate limit */
long x;
- if (unlikely(dirty >= limit))
- return 0;
+ dtc->pos_ratio = 0;
+
+ if (unlikely(dtc->dirty >= limit))
+ return;
/*
* global setpoint
@@ -690,165 +877,167 @@ static unsigned long bdi_position_ratio(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
* See comment for pos_ratio_polynom().
*/
setpoint = (freerun + limit) / 2;
- pos_ratio = pos_ratio_polynom(setpoint, dirty, limit);
+ pos_ratio = pos_ratio_polynom(setpoint, dtc->dirty, limit);
/*
* The strictlimit feature is a tool preventing mistrusted filesystems
* from growing a large number of dirty pages before throttling. For
- * such filesystems balance_dirty_pages always checks bdi counters
- * against bdi limits. Even if global "nr_dirty" is under "freerun".
+ * such filesystems balance_dirty_pages always checks wb counters
+ * against wb limits. Even if global "nr_dirty" is under "freerun".
* This is especially important for fuse which sets bdi->max_ratio to
* 1% by default. Without strictlimit feature, fuse writeback may
* consume arbitrary amount of RAM because it is accounted in
* NR_WRITEBACK_TEMP which is not involved in calculating "nr_dirty".
*
- * Here, in bdi_position_ratio(), we calculate pos_ratio based on
- * two values: bdi_dirty and bdi_thresh. Let's consider an example:
+ * Here, in wb_position_ratio(), we calculate pos_ratio based on
+ * two values: wb_dirty and wb_thresh. Let's consider an example:
* total amount of RAM is 16GB, bdi->max_ratio is equal to 1%, global
* limits are set by default to 10% and 20% (background and throttle).
- * Then bdi_thresh is 1% of 20% of 16GB. This amounts to ~8K pages.
- * bdi_dirty_limit(bdi, bg_thresh) is about ~4K pages. bdi_setpoint is
- * about ~6K pages (as the average of background and throttle bdi
+ * Then wb_thresh is 1% of 20% of 16GB. This amounts to ~8K pages.
+ * wb_calc_thresh(wb, bg_thresh) is about ~4K pages. wb_setpoint is
+ * about ~6K pages (as the average of background and throttle wb
* limits). The 3rd order polynomial will provide positive feedback if
- * bdi_dirty is under bdi_setpoint and vice versa.
+ * wb_dirty is under wb_setpoint and vice versa.
*
* Note, that we cannot use global counters in these calculations
- * because we want to throttle process writing to a strictlimit BDI
+ * because we want to throttle process writing to a strictlimit wb
* much earlier than global "freerun" is reached (~23MB vs. ~2.3GB
* in the example above).
*/
- if (unlikely(bdi->capabilities & BDI_CAP_STRICTLIMIT)) {
- long long bdi_pos_ratio;
- unsigned long bdi_bg_thresh;
+ if (unlikely(wb->bdi->capabilities & BDI_CAP_STRICTLIMIT)) {
+ long long wb_pos_ratio;
- if (bdi_dirty < 8)
- return min_t(long long, pos_ratio * 2,
- 2 << RATELIMIT_CALC_SHIFT);
+ if (dtc->wb_dirty < 8) {
+ dtc->pos_ratio = min_t(long long, pos_ratio * 2,
+ 2 << RATELIMIT_CALC_SHIFT);
+ return;
+ }
- if (bdi_dirty >= bdi_thresh)
- return 0;
+ if (dtc->wb_dirty >= wb_thresh)
+ return;
- bdi_bg_thresh = div_u64((u64)bdi_thresh * bg_thresh, thresh);
- bdi_setpoint = dirty_freerun_ceiling(bdi_thresh,
- bdi_bg_thresh);
+ wb_setpoint = dirty_freerun_ceiling(wb_thresh,
+ dtc->wb_bg_thresh);
- if (bdi_setpoint == 0 || bdi_setpoint == bdi_thresh)
- return 0;
+ if (wb_setpoint == 0 || wb_setpoint == wb_thresh)
+ return;
- bdi_pos_ratio = pos_ratio_polynom(bdi_setpoint, bdi_dirty,
- bdi_thresh);
+ wb_pos_ratio = pos_ratio_polynom(wb_setpoint, dtc->wb_dirty,
+ wb_thresh);
/*
- * Typically, for strictlimit case, bdi_setpoint << setpoint
- * and pos_ratio >> bdi_pos_ratio. In the other words global
+ * Typically, for strictlimit case, wb_setpoint << setpoint
+ * and pos_ratio >> wb_pos_ratio. In the other words global
* state ("dirty") is not limiting factor and we have to
- * make decision based on bdi counters. But there is an
+ * make decision based on wb counters. But there is an
* important case when global pos_ratio should get precedence:
* global limits are exceeded (e.g. due to activities on other
- * BDIs) while given strictlimit BDI is below limit.
+ * wb's) while given strictlimit wb is below limit.
*
- * "pos_ratio * bdi_pos_ratio" would work for the case above,
+ * "pos_ratio * wb_pos_ratio" would work for the case above,
* but it would look too non-natural for the case of all
- * activity in the system coming from a single strictlimit BDI
+ * activity in the system coming from a single strictlimit wb
* with bdi->max_ratio == 100%.
*
* Note that min() below somewhat changes the dynamics of the
* control system. Normally, pos_ratio value can be well over 3
- * (when globally we are at freerun and bdi is well below bdi
+ * (when globally we are at freerun and wb is well below wb
* setpoint). Now the maximum pos_ratio in the same situation
* is 2. We might want to tweak this if we observe the control
* system is too slow to adapt.
*/
- return min(pos_ratio, bdi_pos_ratio);
+ dtc->pos_ratio = min(pos_ratio, wb_pos_ratio);
+ return;
}
/*
* We have computed basic pos_ratio above based on global situation. If
- * the bdi is over/under its share of dirty pages, we want to scale
+ * the wb is over/under its share of dirty pages, we want to scale
* pos_ratio further down/up. That is done by the following mechanism.
*/
/*
- * bdi setpoint
+ * wb setpoint
*
- * f(bdi_dirty) := 1.0 + k * (bdi_dirty - bdi_setpoint)
+ * f(wb_dirty) := 1.0 + k * (wb_dirty - wb_setpoint)
*
- * x_intercept - bdi_dirty
+ * x_intercept - wb_dirty
* := --------------------------
- * x_intercept - bdi_setpoint
+ * x_intercept - wb_setpoint
*
- * The main bdi control line is a linear function that subjects to
+ * The main wb control line is a linear function that subjects to
*
- * (1) f(bdi_setpoint) = 1.0
- * (2) k = - 1 / (8 * write_bw) (in single bdi case)
- * or equally: x_intercept = bdi_setpoint + 8 * write_bw
+ * (1) f(wb_setpoint) = 1.0
+ * (2) k = - 1 / (8 * write_bw) (in single wb case)
+ * or equally: x_intercept = wb_setpoint + 8 * write_bw
*
- * For single bdi case, the dirty pages are observed to fluctuate
+ * For single wb case, the dirty pages are observed to fluctuate
* regularly within range
- * [bdi_setpoint - write_bw/2, bdi_setpoint + write_bw/2]
+ * [wb_setpoint - write_bw/2, wb_setpoint + write_bw/2]
* for various filesystems, where (2) can yield in a reasonable 12.5%
* fluctuation range for pos_ratio.
*
- * For JBOD case, bdi_thresh (not bdi_dirty!) could fluctuate up to its
+ * For JBOD case, wb_thresh (not wb_dirty!) could fluctuate up to its
* own size, so move the slope over accordingly and choose a slope that
- * yields 100% pos_ratio fluctuation on suddenly doubled bdi_thresh.
+ * yields 100% pos_ratio fluctuation on suddenly doubled wb_thresh.
*/
- if (unlikely(bdi_thresh > thresh))
- bdi_thresh = thresh;
+ if (unlikely(wb_thresh > dtc->thresh))
+ wb_thresh = dtc->thresh;
/*
- * It's very possible that bdi_thresh is close to 0 not because the
+ * It's very possible that wb_thresh is close to 0 not because the
* device is slow, but that it has remained inactive for long time.
* Honour such devices a reasonable good (hopefully IO efficient)
* threshold, so that the occasional writes won't be blocked and active
* writes can rampup the threshold quickly.
*/
- bdi_thresh = max(bdi_thresh, (limit - dirty) / 8);
+ wb_thresh = max(wb_thresh, (limit - dtc->dirty) / 8);
/*
- * scale global setpoint to bdi's:
- * bdi_setpoint = setpoint * bdi_thresh / thresh
+ * scale global setpoint to wb's:
+ * wb_setpoint = setpoint * wb_thresh / thresh
*/
- x = div_u64((u64)bdi_thresh << 16, thresh | 1);
- bdi_setpoint = setpoint * (u64)x >> 16;
+ x = div_u64((u64)wb_thresh << 16, dtc->thresh | 1);
+ wb_setpoint = setpoint * (u64)x >> 16;
/*
- * Use span=(8*write_bw) in single bdi case as indicated by
- * (thresh - bdi_thresh ~= 0) and transit to bdi_thresh in JBOD case.
+ * Use span=(8*write_bw) in single wb case as indicated by
+ * (thresh - wb_thresh ~= 0) and transit to wb_thresh in JBOD case.
*
- * bdi_thresh thresh - bdi_thresh
- * span = ---------- * (8 * write_bw) + ------------------- * bdi_thresh
- * thresh thresh
+ * wb_thresh thresh - wb_thresh
+ * span = --------- * (8 * write_bw) + ------------------ * wb_thresh
+ * thresh thresh
*/
- span = (thresh - bdi_thresh + 8 * write_bw) * (u64)x >> 16;
- x_intercept = bdi_setpoint + span;
+ span = (dtc->thresh - wb_thresh + 8 * write_bw) * (u64)x >> 16;
+ x_intercept = wb_setpoint + span;
- if (bdi_dirty < x_intercept - span / 4) {
- pos_ratio = div64_u64(pos_ratio * (x_intercept - bdi_dirty),
- (x_intercept - bdi_setpoint) | 1);
+ if (dtc->wb_dirty < x_intercept - span / 4) {
+ pos_ratio = div64_u64(pos_ratio * (x_intercept - dtc->wb_dirty),
+ (x_intercept - wb_setpoint) | 1);
} else
pos_ratio /= 4;
/*
- * bdi reserve area, safeguard against dirty pool underrun and disk idle
+ * wb reserve area, safeguard against dirty pool underrun and disk idle
* It may push the desired control point of global dirty pages higher
* than setpoint.
*/
- x_intercept = bdi_thresh / 2;
- if (bdi_dirty < x_intercept) {
- if (bdi_dirty > x_intercept / 8)
- pos_ratio = div_u64(pos_ratio * x_intercept, bdi_dirty);
+ x_intercept = wb_thresh / 2;
+ if (dtc->wb_dirty < x_intercept) {
+ if (dtc->wb_dirty > x_intercept / 8)
+ pos_ratio = div_u64(pos_ratio * x_intercept,
+ dtc->wb_dirty);
else
pos_ratio *= 8;
}
- return pos_ratio;
+ dtc->pos_ratio = pos_ratio;
}
-static void bdi_update_write_bandwidth(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
- unsigned long elapsed,
- unsigned long written)
+static void wb_update_write_bandwidth(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
+ unsigned long elapsed,
+ unsigned long written)
{
const unsigned long period = roundup_pow_of_two(3 * HZ);
- unsigned long avg = bdi->avg_write_bandwidth;
- unsigned long old = bdi->write_bandwidth;
+ unsigned long avg = wb->avg_write_bandwidth;
+ unsigned long old = wb->write_bandwidth;
u64 bw;
/*
@@ -861,14 +1050,14 @@ static void bdi_update_write_bandwidth(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
* @written may have decreased due to account_page_redirty().
* Avoid underflowing @bw calculation.
*/
- bw = written - min(written, bdi->written_stamp);
+ bw = written - min(written, wb->written_stamp);
bw *= HZ;
if (unlikely(elapsed > period)) {
do_div(bw, elapsed);
avg = bw;
goto out;
}
- bw += (u64)bdi->write_bandwidth * (period - elapsed);
+ bw += (u64)wb->write_bandwidth * (period - elapsed);
bw >>= ilog2(period);
/*
@@ -881,21 +1070,22 @@ static void bdi_update_write_bandwidth(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
avg += (old - avg) >> 3;
out:
- bdi->write_bandwidth = bw;
- bdi->avg_write_bandwidth = avg;
+ /* keep avg > 0 to guarantee that tot > 0 if there are dirty wbs */
+ avg = max(avg, 1LU);
+ if (wb_has_dirty_io(wb)) {
+ long delta = avg - wb->avg_write_bandwidth;
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_long_add_return(delta,
+ &wb->bdi->tot_write_bandwidth) <= 0);
+ }
+ wb->write_bandwidth = bw;
+ wb->avg_write_bandwidth = avg;
}
-/*
- * The global dirtyable memory and dirty threshold could be suddenly knocked
- * down by a large amount (eg. on the startup of KVM in a swapless system).
- * This may throw the system into deep dirty exceeded state and throttle
- * heavy/light dirtiers alike. To retain good responsiveness, maintain
- * global_dirty_limit for tracking slowly down to the knocked down dirty
- * threshold.
- */
-static void update_dirty_limit(unsigned long thresh, unsigned long dirty)
+static void update_dirty_limit(struct dirty_throttle_control *dtc)
{
- unsigned long limit = global_dirty_limit;
+ struct wb_domain *dom = dtc_dom(dtc);
+ unsigned long thresh = dtc->thresh;
+ unsigned long limit = dom->dirty_limit;
/*
* Follow up in one step.
@@ -908,63 +1098,57 @@ static void update_dirty_limit(unsigned long thresh, unsigned long dirty)
/*
* Follow down slowly. Use the higher one as the target, because thresh
* may drop below dirty. This is exactly the reason to introduce
- * global_dirty_limit which is guaranteed to lie above the dirty pages.
+ * dom->dirty_limit which is guaranteed to lie above the dirty pages.
*/
- thresh = max(thresh, dirty);
+ thresh = max(thresh, dtc->dirty);
if (limit > thresh) {
limit -= (limit - thresh) >> 5;
goto update;
}
return;
update:
- global_dirty_limit = limit;
+ dom->dirty_limit = limit;
}
-static void global_update_bandwidth(unsigned long thresh,
- unsigned long dirty,
+static void domain_update_bandwidth(struct dirty_throttle_control *dtc,
unsigned long now)
{
- static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(dirty_lock);
- static unsigned long update_time = INITIAL_JIFFIES;
+ struct wb_domain *dom = dtc_dom(dtc);
/*
* check locklessly first to optimize away locking for the most time
*/
- if (time_before(now, update_time + BANDWIDTH_INTERVAL))
+ if (time_before(now, dom->dirty_limit_tstamp + BANDWIDTH_INTERVAL))
return;
- spin_lock(&dirty_lock);
- if (time_after_eq(now, update_time + BANDWIDTH_INTERVAL)) {
- update_dirty_limit(thresh, dirty);
- update_time = now;
+ spin_lock(&dom->lock);
+ if (time_after_eq(now, dom->dirty_limit_tstamp + BANDWIDTH_INTERVAL)) {
+ update_dirty_limit(dtc);
+ dom->dirty_limit_tstamp = now;
}
- spin_unlock(&dirty_lock);
+ spin_unlock(&dom->lock);
}
/*
- * Maintain bdi->dirty_ratelimit, the base dirty throttle rate.
+ * Maintain wb->dirty_ratelimit, the base dirty throttle rate.
*
- * Normal bdi tasks will be curbed at or below it in long term.
+ * Normal wb tasks will be curbed at or below it in long term.
* Obviously it should be around (write_bw / N) when there are N dd tasks.
*/
-static void bdi_update_dirty_ratelimit(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
- unsigned long thresh,
- unsigned long bg_thresh,
- unsigned long dirty,
- unsigned long bdi_thresh,
- unsigned long bdi_dirty,
- unsigned long dirtied,
- unsigned long elapsed)
-{
- unsigned long freerun = dirty_freerun_ceiling(thresh, bg_thresh);
- unsigned long limit = hard_dirty_limit(thresh);
+static void wb_update_dirty_ratelimit(struct dirty_throttle_control *dtc,
+ unsigned long dirtied,
+ unsigned long elapsed)
+{
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb = dtc->wb;
+ unsigned long dirty = dtc->dirty;
+ unsigned long freerun = dirty_freerun_ceiling(dtc->thresh, dtc->bg_thresh);
+ unsigned long limit = hard_dirty_limit(dtc_dom(dtc), dtc->thresh);
unsigned long setpoint = (freerun + limit) / 2;
- unsigned long write_bw = bdi->avg_write_bandwidth;
- unsigned long dirty_ratelimit = bdi->dirty_ratelimit;
+ unsigned long write_bw = wb->avg_write_bandwidth;
+ unsigned long dirty_ratelimit = wb->dirty_ratelimit;
unsigned long dirty_rate;
unsigned long task_ratelimit;
unsigned long balanced_dirty_ratelimit;
- unsigned long pos_ratio;
unsigned long step;
unsigned long x;
@@ -972,20 +1156,18 @@ static void bdi_update_dirty_ratelimit(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
* The dirty rate will match the writeout rate in long term, except
* when dirty pages are truncated by userspace or re-dirtied by FS.
*/
- dirty_rate = (dirtied - bdi->dirtied_stamp) * HZ / elapsed;
+ dirty_rate = (dirtied - wb->dirtied_stamp) * HZ / elapsed;
- pos_ratio = bdi_position_ratio(bdi, thresh, bg_thresh, dirty,
- bdi_thresh, bdi_dirty);
/*
* task_ratelimit reflects each dd's dirty rate for the past 200ms.
*/
task_ratelimit = (u64)dirty_ratelimit *
- pos_ratio >> RATELIMIT_CALC_SHIFT;
+ dtc->pos_ratio >> RATELIMIT_CALC_SHIFT;
task_ratelimit++; /* it helps rampup dirty_ratelimit from tiny values */
/*
* A linear estimation of the "balanced" throttle rate. The theory is,
- * if there are N dd tasks, each throttled at task_ratelimit, the bdi's
+ * if there are N dd tasks, each throttled at task_ratelimit, the wb's
* dirty_rate will be measured to be (N * task_ratelimit). So the below
* formula will yield the balanced rate limit (write_bw / N).
*
@@ -1024,7 +1206,7 @@ static void bdi_update_dirty_ratelimit(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
/*
* We could safely do this and return immediately:
*
- * bdi->dirty_ratelimit = balanced_dirty_ratelimit;
+ * wb->dirty_ratelimit = balanced_dirty_ratelimit;
*
* However to get a more stable dirty_ratelimit, the below elaborated
* code makes use of task_ratelimit to filter out singular points and
@@ -1058,32 +1240,31 @@ static void bdi_update_dirty_ratelimit(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
step = 0;
/*
- * For strictlimit case, calculations above were based on bdi counters
- * and limits (starting from pos_ratio = bdi_position_ratio() and up to
+ * For strictlimit case, calculations above were based on wb counters
+ * and limits (starting from pos_ratio = wb_position_ratio() and up to
* balanced_dirty_ratelimit = task_ratelimit * write_bw / dirty_rate).
- * Hence, to calculate "step" properly, we have to use bdi_dirty as
- * "dirty" and bdi_setpoint as "setpoint".
+ * Hence, to calculate "step" properly, we have to use wb_dirty as
+ * "dirty" and wb_setpoint as "setpoint".
*
- * We rampup dirty_ratelimit forcibly if bdi_dirty is low because
- * it's possible that bdi_thresh is close to zero due to inactivity
- * of backing device (see the implementation of bdi_dirty_limit()).
+ * We rampup dirty_ratelimit forcibly if wb_dirty is low because
+ * it's possible that wb_thresh is close to zero due to inactivity
+ * of backing device.
*/
- if (unlikely(bdi->capabilities & BDI_CAP_STRICTLIMIT)) {
- dirty = bdi_dirty;
- if (bdi_dirty < 8)
- setpoint = bdi_dirty + 1;
+ if (unlikely(wb->bdi->capabilities & BDI_CAP_STRICTLIMIT)) {
+ dirty = dtc->wb_dirty;
+ if (dtc->wb_dirty < 8)
+ setpoint = dtc->wb_dirty + 1;
else
- setpoint = (bdi_thresh +
- bdi_dirty_limit(bdi, bg_thresh)) / 2;
+ setpoint = (dtc->wb_thresh + dtc->wb_bg_thresh) / 2;
}
if (dirty < setpoint) {
- x = min3(bdi->balanced_dirty_ratelimit,
+ x = min3(wb->balanced_dirty_ratelimit,
balanced_dirty_ratelimit, task_ratelimit);
if (dirty_ratelimit < x)
step = x - dirty_ratelimit;
} else {
- x = max3(bdi->balanced_dirty_ratelimit,
+ x = max3(wb->balanced_dirty_ratelimit,
balanced_dirty_ratelimit, task_ratelimit);
if (dirty_ratelimit > x)
step = dirty_ratelimit - x;
@@ -1105,69 +1286,67 @@ static void bdi_update_dirty_ratelimit(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
else
dirty_ratelimit -= step;
- bdi->dirty_ratelimit = max(dirty_ratelimit, 1UL);
- bdi->balanced_dirty_ratelimit = balanced_dirty_ratelimit;
+ wb->dirty_ratelimit = max(dirty_ratelimit, 1UL);
+ wb->balanced_dirty_ratelimit = balanced_dirty_ratelimit;
- trace_bdi_dirty_ratelimit(bdi, dirty_rate, task_ratelimit);
+ trace_bdi_dirty_ratelimit(wb->bdi, dirty_rate, task_ratelimit);
}
-void __bdi_update_bandwidth(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
- unsigned long thresh,
- unsigned long bg_thresh,
- unsigned long dirty,
- unsigned long bdi_thresh,
- unsigned long bdi_dirty,
- unsigned long start_time)
+static void __wb_update_bandwidth(struct dirty_throttle_control *gdtc,
+ struct dirty_throttle_control *mdtc,
+ unsigned long start_time,
+ bool update_ratelimit)
{
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb = gdtc->wb;
unsigned long now = jiffies;
- unsigned long elapsed = now - bdi->bw_time_stamp;
+ unsigned long elapsed = now - wb->bw_time_stamp;
unsigned long dirtied;
unsigned long written;
+ lockdep_assert_held(&wb->list_lock);
+
/*
* rate-limit, only update once every 200ms.
*/
if (elapsed < BANDWIDTH_INTERVAL)
return;
- dirtied = percpu_counter_read(&bdi->bdi_stat[BDI_DIRTIED]);
- written = percpu_counter_read(&bdi->bdi_stat[BDI_WRITTEN]);
+ dirtied = percpu_counter_read(&wb->stat[WB_DIRTIED]);
+ written = percpu_counter_read(&wb->stat[WB_WRITTEN]);
/*
* Skip quiet periods when disk bandwidth is under-utilized.
* (at least 1s idle time between two flusher runs)
*/
- if (elapsed > HZ && time_before(bdi->bw_time_stamp, start_time))
+ if (elapsed > HZ && time_before(wb->bw_time_stamp, start_time))
goto snapshot;
- if (thresh) {
- global_update_bandwidth(thresh, dirty, now);
- bdi_update_dirty_ratelimit(bdi, thresh, bg_thresh, dirty,
- bdi_thresh, bdi_dirty,
- dirtied, elapsed);
+ if (update_ratelimit) {
+ domain_update_bandwidth(gdtc, now);
+ wb_update_dirty_ratelimit(gdtc, dirtied, elapsed);
+
+ /*
+ * @mdtc is always NULL if !CGROUP_WRITEBACK but the
+ * compiler has no way to figure that out. Help it.
+ */
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK) && mdtc) {
+ domain_update_bandwidth(mdtc, now);
+ wb_update_dirty_ratelimit(mdtc, dirtied, elapsed);
+ }
}
- bdi_update_write_bandwidth(bdi, elapsed, written);
+ wb_update_write_bandwidth(wb, elapsed, written);
snapshot:
- bdi->dirtied_stamp = dirtied;
- bdi->written_stamp = written;
- bdi->bw_time_stamp = now;
+ wb->dirtied_stamp = dirtied;
+ wb->written_stamp = written;
+ wb->bw_time_stamp = now;
}
-static void bdi_update_bandwidth(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
- unsigned long thresh,
- unsigned long bg_thresh,
- unsigned long dirty,
- unsigned long bdi_thresh,
- unsigned long bdi_dirty,
- unsigned long start_time)
+void wb_update_bandwidth(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned long start_time)
{
- if (time_is_after_eq_jiffies(bdi->bw_time_stamp + BANDWIDTH_INTERVAL))
- return;
- spin_lock(&bdi->wb.list_lock);
- __bdi_update_bandwidth(bdi, thresh, bg_thresh, dirty,
- bdi_thresh, bdi_dirty, start_time);
- spin_unlock(&bdi->wb.list_lock);
+ struct dirty_throttle_control gdtc = { GDTC_INIT(wb) };
+
+ __wb_update_bandwidth(&gdtc, NULL, start_time, false);
}
/*
@@ -1187,10 +1366,10 @@ static unsigned long dirty_poll_interval(unsigned long dirty,
return 1;
}
-static unsigned long bdi_max_pause(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
- unsigned long bdi_dirty)
+static unsigned long wb_max_pause(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
+ unsigned long wb_dirty)
{
- unsigned long bw = bdi->avg_write_bandwidth;
+ unsigned long bw = wb->avg_write_bandwidth;
unsigned long t;
/*
@@ -1200,20 +1379,20 @@ static unsigned long bdi_max_pause(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
*
* 8 serves as the safety ratio.
*/
- t = bdi_dirty / (1 + bw / roundup_pow_of_two(1 + HZ / 8));
+ t = wb_dirty / (1 + bw / roundup_pow_of_two(1 + HZ / 8));
t++;
return min_t(unsigned long, t, MAX_PAUSE);
}
-static long bdi_min_pause(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
- long max_pause,
- unsigned long task_ratelimit,
- unsigned long dirty_ratelimit,
- int *nr_dirtied_pause)
+static long wb_min_pause(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
+ long max_pause,
+ unsigned long task_ratelimit,
+ unsigned long dirty_ratelimit,
+ int *nr_dirtied_pause)
{
- long hi = ilog2(bdi->avg_write_bandwidth);
- long lo = ilog2(bdi->dirty_ratelimit);
+ long hi = ilog2(wb->avg_write_bandwidth);
+ long lo = ilog2(wb->dirty_ratelimit);
long t; /* target pause */
long pause; /* estimated next pause */
int pages; /* target nr_dirtied_pause */
@@ -1281,34 +1460,27 @@ static long bdi_min_pause(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
return pages >= DIRTY_POLL_THRESH ? 1 + t / 2 : t;
}
-static inline void bdi_dirty_limits(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
- unsigned long dirty_thresh,
- unsigned long background_thresh,
- unsigned long *bdi_dirty,
- unsigned long *bdi_thresh,
- unsigned long *bdi_bg_thresh)
+static inline void wb_dirty_limits(struct dirty_throttle_control *dtc)
{
- unsigned long bdi_reclaimable;
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb = dtc->wb;
+ unsigned long wb_reclaimable;
/*
- * bdi_thresh is not treated as some limiting factor as
+ * wb_thresh is not treated as some limiting factor as
* dirty_thresh, due to reasons
- * - in JBOD setup, bdi_thresh can fluctuate a lot
+ * - in JBOD setup, wb_thresh can fluctuate a lot
* - in a system with HDD and USB key, the USB key may somehow
- * go into state (bdi_dirty >> bdi_thresh) either because
- * bdi_dirty starts high, or because bdi_thresh drops low.
+ * go into state (wb_dirty >> wb_thresh) either because
+ * wb_dirty starts high, or because wb_thresh drops low.
* In this case we don't want to hard throttle the USB key
- * dirtiers for 100 seconds until bdi_dirty drops under
- * bdi_thresh. Instead the auxiliary bdi control line in
- * bdi_position_ratio() will let the dirtier task progress
- * at some rate <= (write_bw / 2) for bringing down bdi_dirty.
+ * dirtiers for 100 seconds until wb_dirty drops under
+ * wb_thresh. Instead the auxiliary wb control line in
+ * wb_position_ratio() will let the dirtier task progress
+ * at some rate <= (write_bw / 2) for bringing down wb_dirty.
*/
- *bdi_thresh = bdi_dirty_limit(bdi, dirty_thresh);
-
- if (bdi_bg_thresh)
- *bdi_bg_thresh = dirty_thresh ? div_u64((u64)*bdi_thresh *
- background_thresh,
- dirty_thresh) : 0;
+ dtc->wb_thresh = __wb_calc_thresh(dtc);
+ dtc->wb_bg_thresh = dtc->thresh ?
+ div_u64((u64)dtc->wb_thresh * dtc->bg_thresh, dtc->thresh) : 0;
/*
* In order to avoid the stacked BDI deadlock we need
@@ -1320,14 +1492,12 @@ static inline void bdi_dirty_limits(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
* actually dirty; with m+n sitting in the percpu
* deltas.
*/
- if (*bdi_thresh < 2 * bdi_stat_error(bdi)) {
- bdi_reclaimable = bdi_stat_sum(bdi, BDI_RECLAIMABLE);
- *bdi_dirty = bdi_reclaimable +
- bdi_stat_sum(bdi, BDI_WRITEBACK);
+ if (dtc->wb_thresh < 2 * wb_stat_error(wb)) {
+ wb_reclaimable = wb_stat_sum(wb, WB_RECLAIMABLE);
+ dtc->wb_dirty = wb_reclaimable + wb_stat_sum(wb, WB_WRITEBACK);
} else {
- bdi_reclaimable = bdi_stat(bdi, BDI_RECLAIMABLE);
- *bdi_dirty = bdi_reclaimable +
- bdi_stat(bdi, BDI_WRITEBACK);
+ wb_reclaimable = wb_stat(wb, WB_RECLAIMABLE);
+ dtc->wb_dirty = wb_reclaimable + wb_stat(wb, WB_WRITEBACK);
}
}
@@ -1339,12 +1509,16 @@ static inline void bdi_dirty_limits(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
* perform some writeout.
*/
static void balance_dirty_pages(struct address_space *mapping,
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb,
unsigned long pages_dirtied)
{
+ struct dirty_throttle_control gdtc_stor = { GDTC_INIT(wb) };
+ struct dirty_throttle_control mdtc_stor = { MDTC_INIT(wb, &gdtc_stor) };
+ struct dirty_throttle_control * const gdtc = &gdtc_stor;
+ struct dirty_throttle_control * const mdtc = mdtc_valid(&mdtc_stor) ?
+ &mdtc_stor : NULL;
+ struct dirty_throttle_control *sdtc;
unsigned long nr_reclaimable; /* = file_dirty + unstable_nfs */
- unsigned long nr_dirty; /* = file_dirty + writeback + unstable_nfs */
- unsigned long background_thresh;
- unsigned long dirty_thresh;
long period;
long pause;
long max_pause;
@@ -1353,18 +1527,14 @@ static void balance_dirty_pages(struct address_space *mapping,
bool dirty_exceeded = false;
unsigned long task_ratelimit;
unsigned long dirty_ratelimit;
- unsigned long pos_ratio;
- struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(mapping->host);
+ struct backing_dev_info *bdi = wb->bdi;
bool strictlimit = bdi->capabilities & BDI_CAP_STRICTLIMIT;
unsigned long start_time = jiffies;
for (;;) {
unsigned long now = jiffies;
- unsigned long uninitialized_var(bdi_thresh);
- unsigned long thresh;
- unsigned long uninitialized_var(bdi_dirty);
- unsigned long dirty;
- unsigned long bg_thresh;
+ unsigned long dirty, thresh, bg_thresh;
+ unsigned long m_dirty, m_thresh, m_bg_thresh;
/*
* Unstable writes are a feature of certain networked
@@ -1374,65 +1544,127 @@ static void balance_dirty_pages(struct address_space *mapping,
*/
nr_reclaimable = global_page_state(NR_FILE_DIRTY) +
global_page_state(NR_UNSTABLE_NFS);
- nr_dirty = nr_reclaimable + global_page_state(NR_WRITEBACK);
+ gdtc->avail = global_dirtyable_memory();
+ gdtc->dirty = nr_reclaimable + global_page_state(NR_WRITEBACK);
- global_dirty_limits(&background_thresh, &dirty_thresh);
+ domain_dirty_limits(gdtc);
if (unlikely(strictlimit)) {
- bdi_dirty_limits(bdi, dirty_thresh, background_thresh,
- &bdi_dirty, &bdi_thresh, &bg_thresh);
+ wb_dirty_limits(gdtc);
- dirty = bdi_dirty;
- thresh = bdi_thresh;
+ dirty = gdtc->wb_dirty;
+ thresh = gdtc->wb_thresh;
+ bg_thresh = gdtc->wb_bg_thresh;
} else {
- dirty = nr_dirty;
- thresh = dirty_thresh;
- bg_thresh = background_thresh;
+ dirty = gdtc->dirty;
+ thresh = gdtc->thresh;
+ bg_thresh = gdtc->bg_thresh;
+ }
+
+ if (mdtc) {
+ unsigned long writeback;
+
+ /*
+ * If @wb belongs to !root memcg, repeat the same
+ * basic calculations for the memcg domain.
+ */
+ mem_cgroup_wb_stats(wb, &mdtc->avail, &mdtc->dirty,
+ &writeback);
+ mdtc_cap_avail(mdtc);
+ mdtc->dirty += writeback;
+
+ domain_dirty_limits(mdtc);
+
+ if (unlikely(strictlimit)) {
+ wb_dirty_limits(mdtc);
+ m_dirty = mdtc->wb_dirty;
+ m_thresh = mdtc->wb_thresh;
+ m_bg_thresh = mdtc->wb_bg_thresh;
+ } else {
+ m_dirty = mdtc->dirty;
+ m_thresh = mdtc->thresh;
+ m_bg_thresh = mdtc->bg_thresh;
+ }
}
/*
* Throttle it only when the background writeback cannot
* catch-up. This avoids (excessively) small writeouts
- * when the bdi limits are ramping up in case of !strictlimit.
+ * when the wb limits are ramping up in case of !strictlimit.
*
- * In strictlimit case make decision based on the bdi counters
- * and limits. Small writeouts when the bdi limits are ramping
+ * In strictlimit case make decision based on the wb counters
+ * and limits. Small writeouts when the wb limits are ramping
* up are the price we consciously pay for strictlimit-ing.
+ *
+ * If memcg domain is in effect, @dirty should be under
+ * both global and memcg freerun ceilings.
*/
- if (dirty <= dirty_freerun_ceiling(thresh, bg_thresh)) {
+ if (dirty <= dirty_freerun_ceiling(thresh, bg_thresh) &&
+ (!mdtc ||
+ m_dirty <= dirty_freerun_ceiling(m_thresh, m_bg_thresh))) {
+ unsigned long intv = dirty_poll_interval(dirty, thresh);
+ unsigned long m_intv = ULONG_MAX;
+
current->dirty_paused_when = now;
current->nr_dirtied = 0;
- current->nr_dirtied_pause =
- dirty_poll_interval(dirty, thresh);
+ if (mdtc)
+ m_intv = dirty_poll_interval(m_dirty, m_thresh);
+ current->nr_dirtied_pause = min(intv, m_intv);
break;
}
- if (unlikely(!writeback_in_progress(bdi)))
- bdi_start_background_writeback(bdi);
+ if (unlikely(!writeback_in_progress(wb)))
+ wb_start_background_writeback(wb);
+ /*
+ * Calculate global domain's pos_ratio and select the
+ * global dtc by default.
+ */
if (!strictlimit)
- bdi_dirty_limits(bdi, dirty_thresh, background_thresh,
- &bdi_dirty, &bdi_thresh, NULL);
-
- dirty_exceeded = (bdi_dirty > bdi_thresh) &&
- ((nr_dirty > dirty_thresh) || strictlimit);
- if (dirty_exceeded && !bdi->dirty_exceeded)
- bdi->dirty_exceeded = 1;
-
- bdi_update_bandwidth(bdi, dirty_thresh, background_thresh,
- nr_dirty, bdi_thresh, bdi_dirty,
- start_time);
-
- dirty_ratelimit = bdi->dirty_ratelimit;
- pos_ratio = bdi_position_ratio(bdi, dirty_thresh,
- background_thresh, nr_dirty,
- bdi_thresh, bdi_dirty);
- task_ratelimit = ((u64)dirty_ratelimit * pos_ratio) >>
+ wb_dirty_limits(gdtc);
+
+ dirty_exceeded = (gdtc->wb_dirty > gdtc->wb_thresh) &&
+ ((gdtc->dirty > gdtc->thresh) || strictlimit);
+
+ wb_position_ratio(gdtc);
+ sdtc = gdtc;
+
+ if (mdtc) {
+ /*
+ * If memcg domain is in effect, calculate its
+ * pos_ratio. @wb should satisfy constraints from
+ * both global and memcg domains. Choose the one
+ * w/ lower pos_ratio.
+ */
+ if (!strictlimit)
+ wb_dirty_limits(mdtc);
+
+ dirty_exceeded |= (mdtc->wb_dirty > mdtc->wb_thresh) &&
+ ((mdtc->dirty > mdtc->thresh) || strictlimit);
+
+ wb_position_ratio(mdtc);
+ if (mdtc->pos_ratio < gdtc->pos_ratio)
+ sdtc = mdtc;
+ }
+
+ if (dirty_exceeded && !wb->dirty_exceeded)
+ wb->dirty_exceeded = 1;
+
+ if (time_is_before_jiffies(wb->bw_time_stamp +
+ BANDWIDTH_INTERVAL)) {
+ spin_lock(&wb->list_lock);
+ __wb_update_bandwidth(gdtc, mdtc, start_time, true);
+ spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock);
+ }
+
+ /* throttle according to the chosen dtc */
+ dirty_ratelimit = wb->dirty_ratelimit;
+ task_ratelimit = ((u64)dirty_ratelimit * sdtc->pos_ratio) >>
RATELIMIT_CALC_SHIFT;
- max_pause = bdi_max_pause(bdi, bdi_dirty);
- min_pause = bdi_min_pause(bdi, max_pause,
- task_ratelimit, dirty_ratelimit,
- &nr_dirtied_pause);
+ max_pause = wb_max_pause(wb, sdtc->wb_dirty);
+ min_pause = wb_min_pause(wb, max_pause,
+ task_ratelimit, dirty_ratelimit,
+ &nr_dirtied_pause);
if (unlikely(task_ratelimit == 0)) {
period = max_pause;
@@ -1452,11 +1684,11 @@ static void balance_dirty_pages(struct address_space *mapping,
*/
if (pause < min_pause) {
trace_balance_dirty_pages(bdi,
- dirty_thresh,
- background_thresh,
- nr_dirty,
- bdi_thresh,
- bdi_dirty,
+ sdtc->thresh,
+ sdtc->bg_thresh,
+ sdtc->dirty,
+ sdtc->wb_thresh,
+ sdtc->wb_dirty,
dirty_ratelimit,
task_ratelimit,
pages_dirtied,
@@ -1481,11 +1713,11 @@ static void balance_dirty_pages(struct address_space *mapping,
pause:
trace_balance_dirty_pages(bdi,
- dirty_thresh,
- background_thresh,
- nr_dirty,
- bdi_thresh,
- bdi_dirty,
+ sdtc->thresh,
+ sdtc->bg_thresh,
+ sdtc->dirty,
+ sdtc->wb_thresh,
+ sdtc->wb_dirty,
dirty_ratelimit,
task_ratelimit,
pages_dirtied,
@@ -1500,33 +1732,33 @@ pause:
current->nr_dirtied_pause = nr_dirtied_pause;
/*
- * This is typically equal to (nr_dirty < dirty_thresh) and can
- * also keep "1000+ dd on a slow USB stick" under control.
+ * This is typically equal to (dirty < thresh) and can also
+ * keep "1000+ dd on a slow USB stick" under control.
*/
if (task_ratelimit)
break;
/*
* In the case of an unresponding NFS server and the NFS dirty
- * pages exceeds dirty_thresh, give the other good bdi's a pipe
+ * pages exceeds dirty_thresh, give the other good wb's a pipe
* to go through, so that tasks on them still remain responsive.
*
* In theory 1 page is enough to keep the comsumer-producer
* pipe going: the flusher cleans 1 page => the task dirties 1
- * more page. However bdi_dirty has accounting errors. So use
- * the larger and more IO friendly bdi_stat_error.
+ * more page. However wb_dirty has accounting errors. So use
+ * the larger and more IO friendly wb_stat_error.
*/
- if (bdi_dirty <= bdi_stat_error(bdi))
+ if (sdtc->wb_dirty <= wb_stat_error(wb))
break;
if (fatal_signal_pending(current))
break;
}
- if (!dirty_exceeded && bdi->dirty_exceeded)
- bdi->dirty_exceeded = 0;
+ if (!dirty_exceeded && wb->dirty_exceeded)
+ wb->dirty_exceeded = 0;
- if (writeback_in_progress(bdi))
+ if (writeback_in_progress(wb))
return;
/*
@@ -1540,8 +1772,8 @@ pause:
if (laptop_mode)
return;
- if (nr_reclaimable > background_thresh)
- bdi_start_background_writeback(bdi);
+ if (nr_reclaimable > gdtc->bg_thresh)
+ wb_start_background_writeback(wb);
}
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, bdp_ratelimits);
@@ -1577,15 +1809,22 @@ DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, dirty_throttle_leaks) = 0;
*/
void balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(struct address_space *mapping)
{
- struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(mapping->host);
+ struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
+ struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(inode);
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb = NULL;
int ratelimit;
int *p;
if (!bdi_cap_account_dirty(bdi))
return;
+ if (inode_cgwb_enabled(inode))
+ wb = wb_get_create_current(bdi, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!wb)
+ wb = &bdi->wb;
+
ratelimit = current->nr_dirtied_pause;
- if (bdi->dirty_exceeded)
+ if (wb->dirty_exceeded)
ratelimit = min(ratelimit, 32 >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 10));
preempt_disable();
@@ -1617,10 +1856,59 @@ void balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(struct address_space *mapping)
preempt_enable();
if (unlikely(current->nr_dirtied >= ratelimit))
- balance_dirty_pages(mapping, current->nr_dirtied);
+ balance_dirty_pages(mapping, wb, current->nr_dirtied);
+
+ wb_put(wb);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited);
+/**
+ * wb_over_bg_thresh - does @wb need to be written back?
+ * @wb: bdi_writeback of interest
+ *
+ * Determines whether background writeback should keep writing @wb or it's
+ * clean enough. Returns %true if writeback should continue.
+ */
+bool wb_over_bg_thresh(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+{
+ struct dirty_throttle_control gdtc_stor = { GDTC_INIT(wb) };
+ struct dirty_throttle_control mdtc_stor = { MDTC_INIT(wb, &gdtc_stor) };
+ struct dirty_throttle_control * const gdtc = &gdtc_stor;
+ struct dirty_throttle_control * const mdtc = mdtc_valid(&mdtc_stor) ?
+ &mdtc_stor : NULL;
+
+ /*
+ * Similar to balance_dirty_pages() but ignores pages being written
+ * as we're trying to decide whether to put more under writeback.
+ */
+ gdtc->avail = global_dirtyable_memory();
+ gdtc->dirty = global_page_state(NR_FILE_DIRTY) +
+ global_page_state(NR_UNSTABLE_NFS);
+ domain_dirty_limits(gdtc);
+
+ if (gdtc->dirty > gdtc->bg_thresh)
+ return true;
+
+ if (wb_stat(wb, WB_RECLAIMABLE) > __wb_calc_thresh(gdtc))
+ return true;
+
+ if (mdtc) {
+ unsigned long writeback;
+
+ mem_cgroup_wb_stats(wb, &mdtc->avail, &mdtc->dirty, &writeback);
+ mdtc_cap_avail(mdtc);
+ domain_dirty_limits(mdtc); /* ditto, ignore writeback */
+
+ if (mdtc->dirty > mdtc->bg_thresh)
+ return true;
+
+ if (wb_stat(wb, WB_RECLAIMABLE) > __wb_calc_thresh(mdtc))
+ return true;
+ }
+
+ return false;
+}
+
void throttle_vm_writeout(gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
unsigned long background_thresh;
@@ -1628,7 +1916,7 @@ void throttle_vm_writeout(gfp_t gfp_mask)
for ( ; ; ) {
global_dirty_limits(&background_thresh, &dirty_thresh);
- dirty_thresh = hard_dirty_limit(dirty_thresh);
+ dirty_thresh = hard_dirty_limit(&global_wb_domain, dirty_thresh);
/*
* Boost the allowable dirty threshold a bit for page
@@ -1667,14 +1955,20 @@ void laptop_mode_timer_fn(unsigned long data)
struct request_queue *q = (struct request_queue *)data;
int nr_pages = global_page_state(NR_FILE_DIRTY) +
global_page_state(NR_UNSTABLE_NFS);
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb;
+ struct wb_iter iter;
/*
* We want to write everything out, not just down to the dirty
* threshold
*/
- if (bdi_has_dirty_io(&q->backing_dev_info))
- bdi_start_writeback(&q->backing_dev_info, nr_pages,
- WB_REASON_LAPTOP_TIMER);
+ if (!bdi_has_dirty_io(&q->backing_dev_info))
+ return;
+
+ bdi_for_each_wb(wb, &q->backing_dev_info, &iter, 0)
+ if (wb_has_dirty_io(wb))
+ wb_start_writeback(wb, nr_pages, true,
+ WB_REASON_LAPTOP_TIMER);
}
/*
@@ -1718,10 +2012,12 @@ void laptop_sync_completion(void)
void writeback_set_ratelimit(void)
{
+ struct wb_domain *dom = &global_wb_domain;
unsigned long background_thresh;
unsigned long dirty_thresh;
+
global_dirty_limits(&background_thresh, &dirty_thresh);
- global_dirty_limit = dirty_thresh;
+ dom->dirty_limit = dirty_thresh;
ratelimit_pages = dirty_thresh / (num_online_cpus() * 32);
if (ratelimit_pages < 16)
ratelimit_pages = 16;
@@ -1770,7 +2066,7 @@ void __init page_writeback_init(void)
writeback_set_ratelimit();
register_cpu_notifier(&ratelimit_nb);
- fprop_global_init(&writeout_completions, GFP_KERNEL);
+ BUG_ON(wb_domain_init(&global_wb_domain, GFP_KERNEL));
}
/**
@@ -2090,19 +2386,29 @@ int __set_page_dirty_no_writeback(struct page *page)
/*
* Helper function for set_page_dirty family.
+ *
+ * Caller must hold mem_cgroup_begin_page_stat().
+ *
* NOTE: This relies on being atomic wrt interrupts.
*/
-void account_page_dirtied(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping)
+void account_page_dirtied(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
{
+ struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
+
trace_writeback_dirty_page(page, mapping);
if (mapping_cap_account_dirty(mapping)) {
- struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(mapping->host);
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb;
+ inode_attach_wb(inode, page);
+ wb = inode_to_wb(inode);
+
+ mem_cgroup_inc_page_stat(memcg, MEM_CGROUP_STAT_DIRTY);
__inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_DIRTY);
__inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_DIRTIED);
- __inc_bdi_stat(bdi, BDI_RECLAIMABLE);
- __inc_bdi_stat(bdi, BDI_DIRTIED);
+ __inc_wb_stat(wb, WB_RECLAIMABLE);
+ __inc_wb_stat(wb, WB_DIRTIED);
task_io_account_write(PAGE_CACHE_SIZE);
current->nr_dirtied++;
this_cpu_inc(bdp_ratelimits);
@@ -2113,21 +2419,18 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(account_page_dirtied);
/*
* Helper function for deaccounting dirty page without writeback.
*
- * Doing this should *normally* only ever be done when a page
- * is truncated, and is not actually mapped anywhere at all. However,
- * fs/buffer.c does this when it notices that somebody has cleaned
- * out all the buffers on a page without actually doing it through
- * the VM. Can you say "ext3 is horribly ugly"? Thought you could.
+ * Caller must hold mem_cgroup_begin_page_stat().
*/
-void account_page_cleaned(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping)
+void account_page_cleaned(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg, struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
if (mapping_cap_account_dirty(mapping)) {
+ mem_cgroup_dec_page_stat(memcg, MEM_CGROUP_STAT_DIRTY);
dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_DIRTY);
- dec_bdi_stat(inode_to_bdi(mapping->host), BDI_RECLAIMABLE);
+ dec_wb_stat(wb, WB_RECLAIMABLE);
task_io_account_cancelled_write(PAGE_CACHE_SIZE);
}
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(account_page_cleaned);
/*
* For address_spaces which do not use buffers. Just tag the page as dirty in
@@ -2143,26 +2446,34 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(account_page_cleaned);
*/
int __set_page_dirty_nobuffers(struct page *page)
{
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
+
+ memcg = mem_cgroup_begin_page_stat(page);
if (!TestSetPageDirty(page)) {
struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page);
unsigned long flags;
- if (!mapping)
+ if (!mapping) {
+ mem_cgroup_end_page_stat(memcg);
return 1;
+ }
spin_lock_irqsave(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
BUG_ON(page_mapping(page) != mapping);
WARN_ON_ONCE(!PagePrivate(page) && !PageUptodate(page));
- account_page_dirtied(page, mapping);
+ account_page_dirtied(page, mapping, memcg);
radix_tree_tag_set(&mapping->page_tree, page_index(page),
PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
+ mem_cgroup_end_page_stat(memcg);
+
if (mapping->host) {
/* !PageAnon && !swapper_space */
__mark_inode_dirty(mapping->host, I_DIRTY_PAGES);
}
return 1;
}
+ mem_cgroup_end_page_stat(memcg);
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__set_page_dirty_nobuffers);
@@ -2177,10 +2488,17 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(__set_page_dirty_nobuffers);
void account_page_redirty(struct page *page)
{
struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping;
+
if (mapping && mapping_cap_account_dirty(mapping)) {
+ struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb;
+ bool locked;
+
+ wb = unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin(inode, &locked);
current->nr_dirtied--;
dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_DIRTIED);
- dec_bdi_stat(inode_to_bdi(mapping->host), BDI_DIRTIED);
+ dec_wb_stat(wb, WB_DIRTIED);
+ unlocked_inode_to_wb_end(inode, locked);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(account_page_redirty);
@@ -2266,6 +2584,43 @@ int set_page_dirty_lock(struct page *page)
EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_page_dirty_lock);
/*
+ * This cancels just the dirty bit on the kernel page itself, it does NOT
+ * actually remove dirty bits on any mmap's that may be around. It also
+ * leaves the page tagged dirty, so any sync activity will still find it on
+ * the dirty lists, and in particular, clear_page_dirty_for_io() will still
+ * look at the dirty bits in the VM.
+ *
+ * Doing this should *normally* only ever be done when a page is truncated,
+ * and is not actually mapped anywhere at all. However, fs/buffer.c does
+ * this when it notices that somebody has cleaned out all the buffers on a
+ * page without actually doing it through the VM. Can you say "ext3 is
+ * horribly ugly"? Thought you could.
+ */
+void cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page)
+{
+ struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page);
+
+ if (mapping_cap_account_dirty(mapping)) {
+ struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb;
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
+ bool locked;
+
+ memcg = mem_cgroup_begin_page_stat(page);
+ wb = unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin(inode, &locked);
+
+ if (TestClearPageDirty(page))
+ account_page_cleaned(page, mapping, memcg, wb);
+
+ unlocked_inode_to_wb_end(inode, locked);
+ mem_cgroup_end_page_stat(memcg);
+ } else {
+ ClearPageDirty(page);
+ }
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(cancel_dirty_page);
+
+/*
* Clear a page's dirty flag, while caring for dirty memory accounting.
* Returns true if the page was previously dirty.
*
@@ -2282,10 +2637,16 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_page_dirty_lock);
int clear_page_dirty_for_io(struct page *page)
{
struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page);
+ int ret = 0;
BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
if (mapping && mapping_cap_account_dirty(mapping)) {
+ struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb;
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
+ bool locked;
+
/*
* Yes, Virginia, this is indeed insane.
*
@@ -2321,13 +2682,17 @@ int clear_page_dirty_for_io(struct page *page)
* always locked coming in here, so we get the desired
* exclusion.
*/
+ memcg = mem_cgroup_begin_page_stat(page);
+ wb = unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin(inode, &locked);
if (TestClearPageDirty(page)) {
+ mem_cgroup_dec_page_stat(memcg, MEM_CGROUP_STAT_DIRTY);
dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_DIRTY);
- dec_bdi_stat(inode_to_bdi(mapping->host),
- BDI_RECLAIMABLE);
- return 1;
+ dec_wb_stat(wb, WB_RECLAIMABLE);
+ ret = 1;
}
- return 0;
+ unlocked_inode_to_wb_end(inode, locked);
+ mem_cgroup_end_page_stat(memcg);
+ return ret;
}
return TestClearPageDirty(page);
}
@@ -2341,7 +2706,8 @@ int test_clear_page_writeback(struct page *page)
memcg = mem_cgroup_begin_page_stat(page);
if (mapping) {
- struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(mapping->host);
+ struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
+ struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(inode);
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
@@ -2351,8 +2717,10 @@ int test_clear_page_writeback(struct page *page)
page_index(page),
PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK);
if (bdi_cap_account_writeback(bdi)) {
- __dec_bdi_stat(bdi, BDI_WRITEBACK);
- __bdi_writeout_inc(bdi);
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb = inode_to_wb(inode);
+
+ __dec_wb_stat(wb, WB_WRITEBACK);
+ __wb_writeout_inc(wb);
}
}
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
@@ -2376,7 +2744,8 @@ int __test_set_page_writeback(struct page *page, bool keep_write)
memcg = mem_cgroup_begin_page_stat(page);
if (mapping) {
- struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(mapping->host);
+ struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
+ struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(inode);
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
@@ -2386,7 +2755,7 @@ int __test_set_page_writeback(struct page *page, bool keep_write)
page_index(page),
PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK);
if (bdi_cap_account_writeback(bdi))
- __inc_bdi_stat(bdi, BDI_WRITEBACK);
+ __inc_wb_stat(inode_to_wb(inode), WB_WRITEBACK);
}
if (!PageDirty(page))
radix_tree_tag_clear(&mapping->page_tree,
diff --git a/mm/readahead.c b/mm/readahead.c
index 935675844b2e..60cd846a9a44 100644
--- a/mm/readahead.c
+++ b/mm/readahead.c
@@ -541,7 +541,7 @@ page_cache_async_readahead(struct address_space *mapping,
/*
* Defer asynchronous read-ahead on IO congestion.
*/
- if (bdi_read_congested(inode_to_bdi(mapping->host)))
+ if (inode_read_congested(mapping->host))
return;
/* do read-ahead */
diff --git a/mm/rmap.c b/mm/rmap.c
index 7af1ecb21ccb..171b68768df1 100644
--- a/mm/rmap.c
+++ b/mm/rmap.c
@@ -30,6 +30,8 @@
* swap_lock (in swap_duplicate, swap_info_get)
* mmlist_lock (in mmput, drain_mmlist and others)
* mapping->private_lock (in __set_page_dirty_buffers)
+ * mem_cgroup_{begin,end}_page_stat (memcg->move_lock)
+ * mapping->tree_lock (widely used)
* inode->i_lock (in set_page_dirty's __mark_inode_dirty)
* bdi.wb->list_lock (in set_page_dirty's __mark_inode_dirty)
* sb_lock (within inode_lock in fs/fs-writeback.c)
diff --git a/mm/truncate.c b/mm/truncate.c
index 66af9031fae8..76e35ad97102 100644
--- a/mm/truncate.c
+++ b/mm/truncate.c
@@ -116,9 +116,7 @@ truncate_complete_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page)
* the VM has canceled the dirty bit (eg ext3 journaling).
* Hence dirty accounting check is placed after invalidation.
*/
- if (TestClearPageDirty(page))
- account_page_cleaned(page, mapping);
-
+ cancel_dirty_page(page);
ClearPageMappedToDisk(page);
delete_from_page_cache(page);
return 0;
@@ -512,19 +510,24 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(invalidate_mapping_pages);
static int
invalidate_complete_page2(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page)
{
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
if (page->mapping != mapping)
return 0;
if (page_has_private(page) && !try_to_release_page(page, GFP_KERNEL))
return 0;
- spin_lock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
+ memcg = mem_cgroup_begin_page_stat(page);
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
if (PageDirty(page))
goto failed;
BUG_ON(page_has_private(page));
- __delete_from_page_cache(page, NULL);
- spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
+ __delete_from_page_cache(page, NULL, memcg);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
+ mem_cgroup_end_page_stat(memcg);
if (mapping->a_ops->freepage)
mapping->a_ops->freepage(page);
@@ -532,7 +535,8 @@ invalidate_complete_page2(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page)
page_cache_release(page); /* pagecache ref */
return 1;
failed:
- spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
+ mem_cgroup_end_page_stat(memcg);
return 0;
}
diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
index 19ef01e90ac4..e61445dce04e 100644
--- a/mm/vmscan.c
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c
@@ -154,11 +154,42 @@ static bool global_reclaim(struct scan_control *sc)
{
return !sc->target_mem_cgroup;
}
+
+/**
+ * sane_reclaim - is the usual dirty throttling mechanism operational?
+ * @sc: scan_control in question
+ *
+ * The normal page dirty throttling mechanism in balance_dirty_pages() is
+ * completely broken with the legacy memcg and direct stalling in
+ * shrink_page_list() is used for throttling instead, which lacks all the
+ * niceties such as fairness, adaptive pausing, bandwidth proportional
+ * allocation and configurability.
+ *
+ * This function tests whether the vmscan currently in progress can assume
+ * that the normal dirty throttling mechanism is operational.
+ */
+static bool sane_reclaim(struct scan_control *sc)
+{
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg = sc->target_mem_cgroup;
+
+ if (!memcg)
+ return true;
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
+ if (cgroup_on_dfl(mem_cgroup_css(memcg)->cgroup))
+ return true;
+#endif
+ return false;
+}
#else
static bool global_reclaim(struct scan_control *sc)
{
return true;
}
+
+static bool sane_reclaim(struct scan_control *sc)
+{
+ return true;
+}
#endif
static unsigned long zone_reclaimable_pages(struct zone *zone)
@@ -452,14 +483,13 @@ static inline int is_page_cache_freeable(struct page *page)
return page_count(page) - page_has_private(page) == 2;
}
-static int may_write_to_queue(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
- struct scan_control *sc)
+static int may_write_to_inode(struct inode *inode, struct scan_control *sc)
{
if (current->flags & PF_SWAPWRITE)
return 1;
- if (!bdi_write_congested(bdi))
+ if (!inode_write_congested(inode))
return 1;
- if (bdi == current->backing_dev_info)
+ if (inode_to_bdi(inode) == current->backing_dev_info)
return 1;
return 0;
}
@@ -538,7 +568,7 @@ static pageout_t pageout(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
}
if (mapping->a_ops->writepage == NULL)
return PAGE_ACTIVATE;
- if (!may_write_to_queue(inode_to_bdi(mapping->host), sc))
+ if (!may_write_to_inode(mapping->host, sc))
return PAGE_KEEP;
if (clear_page_dirty_for_io(page)) {
@@ -579,10 +609,14 @@ static pageout_t pageout(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
static int __remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page,
bool reclaimed)
{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
+
BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
BUG_ON(mapping != page_mapping(page));
- spin_lock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
+ memcg = mem_cgroup_begin_page_stat(page);
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
/*
* The non racy check for a busy page.
*
@@ -620,7 +654,8 @@ static int __remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page,
swp_entry_t swap = { .val = page_private(page) };
mem_cgroup_swapout(page, swap);
__delete_from_swap_cache(page);
- spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
+ mem_cgroup_end_page_stat(memcg);
swapcache_free(swap);
} else {
void (*freepage)(struct page *);
@@ -640,8 +675,9 @@ static int __remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page,
if (reclaimed && page_is_file_cache(page) &&
!mapping_exiting(mapping))
shadow = workingset_eviction(mapping, page);
- __delete_from_page_cache(page, shadow);
- spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
+ __delete_from_page_cache(page, shadow, memcg);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
+ mem_cgroup_end_page_stat(memcg);
if (freepage != NULL)
freepage(page);
@@ -650,7 +686,8 @@ static int __remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page,
return 1;
cannot_free:
- spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
+ mem_cgroup_end_page_stat(memcg);
return 0;
}
@@ -917,7 +954,7 @@ static unsigned long shrink_page_list(struct list_head *page_list,
*/
mapping = page_mapping(page);
if (((dirty || writeback) && mapping &&
- bdi_write_congested(inode_to_bdi(mapping->host))) ||
+ inode_write_congested(mapping->host)) ||
(writeback && PageReclaim(page)))
nr_congested++;
@@ -935,10 +972,10 @@ static unsigned long shrink_page_list(struct list_head *page_list,
* note that the LRU is being scanned too quickly and the
* caller can stall after page list has been processed.
*
- * 2) Global reclaim encounters a page, memcg encounters a
- * page that is not marked for immediate reclaim or
- * the caller does not have __GFP_IO. In this case mark
- * the page for immediate reclaim and continue scanning.
+ * 2) Global or new memcg reclaim encounters a page that is
+ * not marked for immediate reclaim or the caller does not
+ * have __GFP_IO. In this case mark the page for immediate
+ * reclaim and continue scanning.
*
* __GFP_IO is checked because a loop driver thread might
* enter reclaim, and deadlock if it waits on a page for
@@ -952,7 +989,7 @@ static unsigned long shrink_page_list(struct list_head *page_list,
* grab_cache_page_write_begin(,,AOP_FLAG_NOFS), so testing
* may_enter_fs here is liable to OOM on them.
*
- * 3) memcg encounters a page that is not already marked
+ * 3) Legacy memcg encounters a page that is not already marked
* PageReclaim. memcg does not have any dirty pages
* throttling so we could easily OOM just because too many
* pages are in writeback and there is nothing else to
@@ -967,7 +1004,7 @@ static unsigned long shrink_page_list(struct list_head *page_list,
goto keep_locked;
/* Case 2 above */
- } else if (global_reclaim(sc) ||
+ } else if (sane_reclaim(sc) ||
!PageReclaim(page) || !(sc->gfp_mask & __GFP_IO)) {
/*
* This is slightly racy - end_page_writeback()
@@ -1416,7 +1453,7 @@ static int too_many_isolated(struct zone *zone, int file,
if (current_is_kswapd())
return 0;
- if (!global_reclaim(sc))
+ if (!sane_reclaim(sc))
return 0;
if (file) {
@@ -1608,10 +1645,10 @@ shrink_inactive_list(unsigned long nr_to_scan, struct lruvec *lruvec,
set_bit(ZONE_WRITEBACK, &zone->flags);
/*
- * memcg will stall in page writeback so only consider forcibly
- * stalling for global reclaim
+ * Legacy memcg will stall in page writeback so avoid forcibly
+ * stalling here.
*/
- if (global_reclaim(sc)) {
+ if (sane_reclaim(sc)) {
/*
* Tag a zone as congested if all the dirty pages scanned were
* backed by a congested BDI and wait_iff_congested will stall.