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2019-02-1932-bit userspace ABI: introduce ARCH_32BIT_OFF_T config optionYury Norov1-0/+10
All new 32-bit architectures should have 64-bit userspace off_t type, but existing architectures has 32-bit ones. To enforce the rule, new config option is added to arch/Kconfig that defaults ARCH_32BIT_OFF_T to be disabled for new 32-bit architectures. All existing 32-bit architectures enable it explicitly. New option affects force_o_largefile() behaviour. Namely, if userspace off_t is 64-bits long, we have no reason to reject user to open big files. Note that even if architectures has only 64-bit off_t in the kernel (arc, c6x, h8300, hexagon, nios2, openrisc, and unicore32), a libc may use 32-bit off_t, and therefore want to limit the file size to 4GB unless specified differently in the open flags. Signed-off-by: Yury Norov <ynorov@caviumnetworks.com> Acked-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Signed-off-by: Yury Norov <ynorov@marvell.com> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
2019-02-07y2038: use time32 syscall names on 32-bitArnd Bergmann1-1/+1
This is the big flip, where all 32-bit architectures set COMPAT_32BIT_TIME and use the _time32 system calls from the former compat layer instead of the system calls that take __kernel_timespec and similar arguments. The temporary redirects for __kernel_timespec, __kernel_itimerspec and __kernel_timex can get removed with this. It would be easy to split this commit by architecture, but with the new generated system call tables, it's easy enough to do it all at once, which makes it a little easier to check that the changes are the same in each table. Acked-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
2019-02-04x86: Make ARCH_USE_MEMREMAP_PROT a generic Kconfig symbolArd Biesheuvel1-0/+3
Turn ARCH_USE_MEMREMAP_PROT into a generic Kconfig symbol, and fix the dependency expression to reflect that AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT depends on it, instead of the other way around. This will permit ARCH_USE_MEMREMAP_PROT to be selected by other architectures. Note that the encryption related early memremap routines in arch/x86/mm/ioremap.c cannot be built for 32-bit x86 without triggering the following warning: arch/x86//mm/ioremap.c: In function 'early_memremap_encrypted': >> arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h:193:27: warning: conversion from 'long long unsigned int' to 'long unsigned int' changes value from '9223372036854776163' to '355' [-Woverflow] #define __PAGE_KERNEL_ENC (__PAGE_KERNEL | _PAGE_ENC) ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ arch/x86//mm/ioremap.c:713:46: note: in expansion of macro '__PAGE_KERNEL_ENC' return early_memremap_prot(phys_addr, size, __PAGE_KERNEL_ENC); which essentially means they are 64-bit only anyway. However, we cannot make them dependent on CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_MEM_ENCRYPT, since that is always defined, even for i386 (and changing that results in a slew of build errors) So instead, build those routines only if CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT is defined. Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Cc: AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi@linaro.org> Cc: Alexander Graf <agraf@suse.de> Cc: Bjorn Andersson <bjorn.andersson@linaro.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Heinrich Schuchardt <xypron.glpk@gmx.de> Cc: Jeffrey Hugo <jhugo@codeaurora.org> Cc: Lee Jones <lee.jones@linaro.org> Cc: Leif Lindholm <leif.lindholm@linaro.org> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Matt Fleming <matt@codeblueprint.co.uk> Cc: Peter Jones <pjones@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Sai Praneeth Prakhya <sai.praneeth.prakhya@intel.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: linux-efi@vger.kernel.org Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190202094119.13230-9-ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2019-01-22m68k/atari: Implement arch_nvram_ops methods and enable CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_NVRAM_OPSFinn Thain1-0/+3
Atari RTC NVRAM uses a checksum so implement the remaining arch_nvram_ops methods for the set_checksum and initialize ioctls. Enable CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_NVRAM_OPS. Acked-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Signed-off-by: Finn Thain <fthain@telegraphics.com.au> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2019-01-06jump_label: move 'asm goto' support test to KconfigMasahiro Yamada1-0/+1
Currently, CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL just means "I _want_ to use jump label". The jump label is controlled by HAVE_JUMP_LABEL, which is defined like this: #if defined(CC_HAVE_ASM_GOTO) && defined(CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL) # define HAVE_JUMP_LABEL #endif We can improve this by testing 'asm goto' support in Kconfig, then make JUMP_LABEL depend on CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO. Ugly #ifdef HAVE_JUMP_LABEL will go away, and CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL will match to the real kernel capability. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> (powerpc) Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com>
2019-01-04mm: speed up mremap by 20x on large regionsJoel Fernandes (Google)1-0/+5
Android needs to mremap large regions of memory during memory management related operations. The mremap system call can be really slow if THP is not enabled. The bottleneck is move_page_tables, which is copying each pte at a time, and can be really slow across a large map. Turning on THP may not be a viable option, and is not for us. This patch speeds up the performance for non-THP system by copying at the PMD level when possible. The speedup is an order of magnitude on x86 (~20x). On a 1GB mremap, the mremap completion times drops from 3.4-3.6 milliseconds to 144-160 microseconds. Before: Total mremap time for 1GB data: 3521942 nanoseconds. Total mremap time for 1GB data: 3449229 nanoseconds. Total mremap time for 1GB data: 3488230 nanoseconds. After: Total mremap time for 1GB data: 150279 nanoseconds. Total mremap time for 1GB data: 144665 nanoseconds. Total mremap time for 1GB data: 158708 nanoseconds. If THP is enabled the optimization is mostly skipped except in certain situations. [joel@joelfernandes.org: fix 'move_normal_pmd' unused function warning] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181108224457.GB209347@google.com Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181108181201.88826-3-joelaf@google.com Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org> Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name> Reviewed-by: William Kucharski <william.kucharski@oracle.com> Cc: Julia Lawall <Julia.Lawall@lip6.fr> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-10-10x86: ptrace: Add function argument access APIMasami Hiramatsu1-0/+7
Add regs_get_argument() which returns N th argument of the function call. Note that this chooses most probably assignment, in some case it can be incorrect (e.g. passing data structure or floating point etc.) This is expected to be called from kprobes or ftrace with regs where the top of stack is the return address. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/152465885737.26224.2822487520472783854.stgit@devbox Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2018-09-27jump_label: Implement generic support for relative referencesArd Biesheuvel1-0/+3
To reduce the size taken up by absolute references in jump label entries themselves and the associated relocation records in the .init segment, add support for emitting them as relative references instead. Note that this requires some extra care in the sorting routine, given that the offsets change when entries are moved around in the jump_entry table. Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org Cc: linux-s390@vger.kernel.org Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180919065144.25010-3-ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org
2018-09-04x86/entry: Add STACKLEAK erasing the kernel stack at the end of syscallsAlexander Popov1-0/+7
The STACKLEAK feature (initially developed by PaX Team) has the following benefits: 1. Reduces the information that can be revealed through kernel stack leak bugs. The idea of erasing the thread stack at the end of syscalls is similar to CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING and memzero_explicit() in kernel crypto, which all comply with FDP_RIP.2 (Full Residual Information Protection) of the Common Criteria standard. 2. Blocks some uninitialized stack variable attacks (e.g. CVE-2017-17712, CVE-2010-2963). That kind of bugs should be killed by improving C compilers in future, which might take a long time. This commit introduces the code filling the used part of the kernel stack with a poison value before returning to userspace. Full STACKLEAK feature also contains the gcc plugin which comes in a separate commit. The STACKLEAK feature is ported from grsecurity/PaX. More information at: https://grsecurity.net/ https://pax.grsecurity.net/ This code is modified from Brad Spengler/PaX Team's code in the last public patch of grsecurity/PaX based on our understanding of the code. Changes or omissions from the original code are ours and don't reflect the original grsecurity/PaX code. Performance impact: Hardware: Intel Core i7-4770, 16 GB RAM Test #1: building the Linux kernel on a single core 0.91% slowdown Test #2: hackbench -s 4096 -l 2000 -g 15 -f 25 -P 4.2% slowdown So the STACKLEAK description in Kconfig includes: "The tradeoff is the performance impact: on a single CPU system kernel compilation sees a 1% slowdown, other systems and workloads may vary and you are advised to test this feature on your expected workload before deploying it". Signed-off-by: Alexander Popov <alex.popov@linux.com> Acked-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
2018-08-23mm/tlb, x86/mm: Support invalidating TLB caches for RCU_TABLE_FREEPeter Zijlstra1-0/+3
Jann reported that x86 was missing required TLB invalidates when he hit the !*batch slow path in tlb_remove_table(). This is indeed the case; RCU_TABLE_FREE does not provide TLB (cache) invalidates, the PowerPC-hash where this code originated and the Sparc-hash where this was subsequently used did not need that. ARM which later used this put an explicit TLB invalidate in their __p*_free_tlb() functions, and PowerPC-radix followed that example. But when we hooked up x86 we failed to consider this. Fix this by (optionally) hooking tlb_remove_table() into the TLB invalidate code. NOTE: s390 was also needing something like this and might now be able to use the generic code again. [ Modified to be on top of Nick's cleanups, which simplified this patch now that tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly() really only flushes the TLB - Linus ] Fixes: 9e52fc2b50de ("x86/mm: Enable RCU based page table freeing (CONFIG_HAVE_RCU_TABLE_FREE=y)") Reported-by: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com> Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com> Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Cc: stable@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22arch: enable relative relocations for arm64, power and x86Ard Biesheuvel1-0/+10
Patch series "add support for relative references in special sections", v10. This adds support for emitting special sections such as initcall arrays, PCI fixups and tracepoints as relative references rather than absolute references. This reduces the size by 50% on 64-bit architectures, but more importantly, it removes the need for carrying relocation metadata for these sections in relocatable kernels (e.g., for KASLR) that needs to be fixed up at boot time. On arm64, this reduces the vmlinux footprint of such a reference by 8x (8 byte absolute reference + 24 byte RELA entry vs 4 byte relative reference) Patch #3 was sent out before as a single patch. This series supersedes the previous submission. This version makes relative ksymtab entries dependent on the new Kconfig symbol HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS rather than trying to infer from kbuild test robot replies for which architectures it should be blacklisted. Patch #1 introduces the new Kconfig symbol HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS, and sets it for the main architectures that are expected to benefit the most from this feature, i.e., 64-bit architectures or ones that use runtime relocations. Patch #2 add support for #define'ing __DISABLE_EXPORTS to get rid of ksymtab/kcrctab sections in decompressor and EFI stub objects when rebuilding existing C files to run in a different context. Patches #4 - #6 implement relative references for initcalls, PCI fixups and tracepoints, respectively, all of which produce sections with order ~1000 entries on an arm64 defconfig kernel with tracing enabled. This means we save about 28 KB of vmlinux space for each of these patches. [From the v7 series blurb, which included the jump_label patches as well]: For the arm64 kernel, all patches combined reduce the memory footprint of vmlinux by about 1.3 MB (using a config copied from Ubuntu that has KASLR enabled), of which ~1 MB is the size reduction of the RELA section in .init, and the remaining 300 KB is reduction of .text/.data. This patch (of 6): Before updating certain subsystems to use place relative 32-bit relocations in special sections, to save space and reduce the number of absolute relocations that need to be processed at runtime by relocatable kernels, introduce the Kconfig symbol and define it for some architectures that should be able to support and benefit from it. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180704083651.24360-2-ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Reviewed-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Thomas Garnier <thgarnie@google.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "Serge E. Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com> Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>, Cc: James Morris <james.morris@microsoft.com> Cc: Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-21compiler.h: Allow arch-specific asm/compiler.hPaul Burton1-0/+8
We have a need to override the definition of barrier_before_unreachable() for MIPS, which means we either need to add architecture-specific code into linux/compiler-gcc.h or we need to allow the architecture to provide a header that can define the macro before the generic definition. The latter seems like the better approach. A straightforward approach to the per-arch header is to make use of asm-generic to provide a default empty header & adjust architectures which don't need anything specific to make use of that by adding the header to generic-y. Unfortunately this doesn't work so well due to commit 28128c61e08e ("kconfig.h: Include compiler types to avoid missed struct attributes") which caused linux/compiler_types.h to be included in the compilation of every C file via the -include linux/kconfig.h flag in c_flags. Because the -include flag is present for all C files we compile, we need the architecture-provided header to be present before any C files are compiled. If any C files can be compiled prior to the asm-generic header wrappers being generated then we hit a build failure due to missing header. Such cases do exist - one pointed out by the kbuild test robot is the compilation of arch/ia64/kernel/nr-irqs.c, which occurs as part of the archprepare target [1]. This leaves us with a few options: 1) Use generic-y & fix any build failures we find by enforcing ordering such that the asm-generic target occurs before any C compilation, such that linux/compiler_types.h can always include the generated asm-generic wrapper which in turn includes the empty asm-generic header. This would rely on us finding all the problematic cases - I don't know for sure that the ia64 issue is the only one. 2) Add an actual empty header to each architecture, so that we don't need the generated asm-generic wrapper. This seems messy. 3) Give up & add #ifdef CONFIG_MIPS or similar to linux/compiler_types.h. This seems messy too. 4) Include the arch header only when it's actually needed, removing the need for the asm-generic wrapper for all other architectures. This patch allows us to use approach 4, by including an asm/compiler.h header from linux/compiler_types.h after the inclusion of the compiler-specific linux/compiler-*.h header(s). We do this conditionally, only when CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_COMPILER_H is selected, in order to avoid the need for asm-generic wrappers & the associated build ordering issue described above. The asm/compiler.h header is included after the generic linux/compiler-*.h header(s) for consistency with the way linux/compiler-intel.h & linux/compiler-clang.h are included after the linux/compiler-gcc.h header that they override. [1] https://lists.01.org/pipermail/kbuild-all/2018-August/051175.html Signed-off-by: Paul Burton <paul.burton@mips.com> Reviewed-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Patchwork: https://patchwork.linux-mips.org/patch/20269/ Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: James Hogan <jhogan@kernel.org> Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-kbuild@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-mips@linux-mips.org
2018-08-02kconfig: use a menu in arch/Kconfig to reduce clutterRandy Dunlap1-0/+4
Put everything in arch/Kconfig into a General options menu so that they don't clutter up the main/major/primary list of menu options. Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-08-02kconfig: include kernel/Kconfig.preempt from init/KconfigChristoph Hellwig1-0/+3
Almost all architectures include it. Add a ARCH_NO_PREEMPT symbol to disable preempt support for alpha, hexagon, non-coldfire m68k and user mode Linux. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-08-02kconfig: include common Kconfig files from top-level KconfigChristoph Hellwig1-0/+6
Instead of duplicating the source statements in every architecture just do it once in the toplevel Kconfig file. Note that with this the inclusion of arch/$(SRCARCH/Kconfig moves out of the top-level Kconfig into arch/Kconfig so that don't violate ordering constraits while keeping a sensible menu structure. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-07-24gcc-plugins: split out Kconfig entries to scripts/gcc-plugins/KconfigMasahiro Yamada1-144/+2
Collect relevant code into the scripts/gcc-plugins directory. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
2018-06-21cpu/hotplug: Provide knobs to control SMTThomas Gleixner1-0/+3
Provide a command line and a sysfs knob to control SMT. The command line options are: 'nosmt': Enumerate secondary threads, but do not online them 'nosmt=force': Ignore secondary threads completely during enumeration via MP table and ACPI/MADT. The sysfs control file has the following states (read/write): 'on': SMT is enabled. Secondary threads can be freely onlined 'off': SMT is disabled. Secondary threads, even if enumerated cannot be onlined 'forceoff': SMT is permanentely disabled. Writes to the control file are rejected. 'notsupported': SMT is not supported by the CPU The command line option 'nosmt' sets the sysfs control to 'off'. This can be changed to 'on' to reenable SMT during runtime. The command line option 'nosmt=force' sets the sysfs control to 'forceoff'. This cannot be changed during runtime. When SMT is 'on' and the control file is changed to 'off' then all online secondary threads are offlined and attempts to online a secondary thread later on are rejected. When SMT is 'off' and the control file is changed to 'on' then secondary threads can be onlined again. The 'off' -> 'on' transition does not automatically online the secondary threads. When the control file is set to 'forceoff', the behaviour is the same as setting it to 'off', but the operation is irreversible and later writes to the control file are rejected. When the control status is 'notsupported' then writes to the control file are rejected. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2018-06-15docs: Fix some broken referencesMauro Carvalho Chehab1-1/+1
As we move stuff around, some doc references are broken. Fix some of them via this script: ./scripts/documentation-file-ref-check --fix Manually checked if the produced result is valid, removing a few false-positives. Acked-by: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de> Acked-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Acked-by: Stephen Boyd <sboyd@kernel.org> Acked-by: Charles Keepax <ckeepax@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com> Acked-by: Mathieu Poirier <mathieu.poirier@linaro.org> Reviewed-by: Coly Li <colyli@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org> Acked-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
2018-06-15Kbuild: rename HAVE_CC_STACKPROTECTOR config variableMasahiro Yamada1-2/+2
HAVE_CC_STACKPROTECTOR should be selected by architectures with stack canary implementation. It is not about the compiler support. For the consistency with commit 050e9baa9dc9 ("Kbuild: rename CC_STACKPROTECTOR[_STRONG] config variables"), remove 'CC_' from the config symbol. I moved the 'select' lines to keep the alphabetical sorting. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-06-14Kbuild: rename CC_STACKPROTECTOR[_STRONG] config variablesLinus Torvalds1-3/+3
The changes to automatically test for working stack protector compiler support in the Kconfig files removed the special STACKPROTECTOR_AUTO option that picked the strongest stack protector that the compiler supported. That was all a nice cleanup - it makes no sense to have the AUTO case now that the Kconfig phase can just determine the compiler support directly. HOWEVER. It also meant that doing "make oldconfig" would now _disable_ the strong stackprotector if you had AUTO enabled, because in a legacy config file, the sane stack protector configuration would look like CONFIG_HAVE_CC_STACKPROTECTOR=y # CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR_NONE is not set # CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR_REGULAR is not set # CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR_STRONG is not set CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR_AUTO=y and when you ran this through "make oldconfig" with the Kbuild changes, it would ask you about the regular CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR (that had been renamed from CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR_REGULAR to just CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR), but it would think that the STRONG version used to be disabled (because it was really enabled by AUTO), and would disable it in the new config, resulting in: CONFIG_HAVE_CC_STACKPROTECTOR=y CONFIG_CC_HAS_STACKPROTECTOR_NONE=y CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR=y # CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR_STRONG is not set CONFIG_CC_HAS_SANE_STACKPROTECTOR=y That's dangerously subtle - people could suddenly find themselves with the weaker stack protector setup without even realizing. The solution here is to just rename not just the old RECULAR stack protector option, but also the strong one. This does that by just removing the CC_ prefix entirely for the user choices, because it really is not about the compiler support (the compiler support now instead automatially impacts _visibility_ of the options to users). This results in "make oldconfig" actually asking the user for their choice, so that we don't have any silent subtle security model changes. The end result would generally look like this: CONFIG_HAVE_CC_STACKPROTECTOR=y CONFIG_CC_HAS_STACKPROTECTOR_NONE=y CONFIG_STACKPROTECTOR=y CONFIG_STACKPROTECTOR_STRONG=y CONFIG_CC_HAS_SANE_STACKPROTECTOR=y where the "CC_" versions really are about internal compiler infrastructure, not the user selections. Acked-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-06-11gcc-plugins: disable GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_BYREF_ALL for COMPILE_TESTMasahiro Yamada1-0/+1
We have enabled GCC_PLUGINS for COMPILE_TEST, but allmodconfig now produces new warnings. CC [M] drivers/net/wireless/broadcom/brcm80211/brcmsmac/phy/phy_n.o drivers/net/wireless/broadcom/brcm80211/brcmsmac/phy/phy_n.c: In function ‘wlc_phy_workarounds_nphy_rev7’: drivers/net/wireless/broadcom/brcm80211/brcmsmac/phy/phy_n.c:16563:1: warning: the frame size of 3128 bytes is larger than 2048 bytes [-Wframe-larger-than=] } ^ drivers/net/wireless/broadcom/brcm80211/brcmsmac/phy/phy_n.c: In function ‘wlc_phy_workarounds_nphy_rev3’: drivers/net/wireless/broadcom/brcm80211/brcmsmac/phy/phy_n.c:16905:1: warning: the frame size of 2800 bytes is larger than 2048 bytes [-Wframe-larger-than=] } ^ drivers/net/wireless/broadcom/brcm80211/brcmsmac/phy/phy_n.c: In function ‘wlc_phy_cal_txiqlo_nphy’: drivers/net/wireless/broadcom/brcm80211/brcmsmac/phy/phy_n.c:26033:1: warning: the frame size of 2488 bytes is larger than 2048 bytes [-Wframe-larger-than=] } ^ It looks like GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_BYREF_ALL is causing this. Add "depends on !COMPILE_TEST" to not dirturb the compile test. Reported-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Suggested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-06-11gcc-plugins: allow to enable GCC_PLUGINS for COMPILE_TESTMasahiro Yamada1-4/+3
Now that the compiler's plugin support is checked in Kconfig, all{yes,mod}config will not be bothered. Remove 'depends on !COMPILE_TEST' for GCC_PLUGINS. 'depends on !COMPILE_TEST' for the following three are still kept: GCC_PLUGIN_CYC_COMPLEXITY GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_VERBOSE GCC_PLUGIN_RANDSTRUCT_PERFORMANCE Kees suggested to do so because the first two are too noisy, and the last one would reduce the compile test coverage. I commented the reasons in arch/Kconfig. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
2018-06-11gcc-plugins: test plugin support in Kconfig and clean up MakefileMasahiro Yamada1-0/+10
Run scripts/gcc-plugin.sh from Kconfig so that users can enable GCC_PLUGINS only when the compiler supports building plugins. Kconfig defines a new symbol, PLUGIN_HOSTCC. This will contain the compiler (g++ or gcc) used for building plugins, or empty if the plugin can not be supported at all. This allows us to remove all ugly testing in Makefile.gcc-plugins. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
2018-06-08stack-protector: test compiler capability in Kconfig and drop AUTO modeMasahiro Yamada1-21/+11
Move the test for -fstack-protector(-strong) option to Kconfig. If the compiler does not support the option, the corresponding menu is automatically hidden. If STRONG is not supported, it will fall back to REGULAR. If REGULAR is not supported, it will be disabled. This means, AUTO is implicitly handled by the dependency solver of Kconfig, hence removed. I also turned the 'choice' into only two boolean symbols. The use of 'choice' is not a good idea here, because all of all{yes,mod,no}config would choose the first visible value, while we want allnoconfig to disable as many features as possible. X86 has additional shell scripts in case the compiler supports those options, but generates broken code. I added CC_HAS_SANE_STACKPROTECTOR to test this. I had to add -m32 to gcc-x86_32-has-stack-protector.sh to make it work correctly. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
2018-06-06rseq: Introduce restartable sequences system callMathieu Desnoyers1-0/+7
Expose a new system call allowing each thread to register one userspace memory area to be used as an ABI between kernel and user-space for two purposes: user-space restartable sequences and quick access to read the current CPU number value from user-space. * Restartable sequences (per-cpu atomics) Restartables sequences allow user-space to perform update operations on per-cpu data without requiring heavy-weight atomic operations. The restartable critical sections (percpu atomics) work has been started by Paul Turner and Andrew Hunter. It lets the kernel handle restart of critical sections. [1] [2] The re-implementation proposed here brings a few simplifications to the ABI which facilitates porting to other architectures and speeds up the user-space fast path. Here are benchmarks of various rseq use-cases. Test hardware: arm32: ARMv7 Processor rev 4 (v7l) "Cubietruck", 2-core x86-64: Intel E5-2630 v3@2.40GHz, 16-core, hyperthreading The following benchmarks were all performed on a single thread. * Per-CPU statistic counter increment getcpu+atomic (ns/op) rseq (ns/op) speedup arm32: 344.0 31.4 11.0 x86-64: 15.3 2.0 7.7 * LTTng-UST: write event 32-bit header, 32-bit payload into tracer per-cpu buffer getcpu+atomic (ns/op) rseq (ns/op) speedup arm32: 2502.0 2250.0 1.1 x86-64: 117.4 98.0 1.2 * liburcu percpu: lock-unlock pair, dereference, read/compare word getcpu+atomic (ns/op) rseq (ns/op) speedup arm32: 751.0 128.5 5.8 x86-64: 53.4 28.6 1.9 * jemalloc memory allocator adapted to use rseq Using rseq with per-cpu memory pools in jemalloc at Facebook (based on rseq 2016 implementation): The production workload response-time has 1-2% gain avg. latency, and the P99 overall latency drops by 2-3%. * Reading the current CPU number Speeding up reading the current CPU number on which the caller thread is running is done by keeping the current CPU number up do date within the cpu_id field of the memory area registered by the thread. This is done by making scheduler preemption set the TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME flag on the current thread. Upon return to user-space, a notify-resume handler updates the current CPU value within the registered user-space memory area. User-space can then read the current CPU number directly from memory. Keeping the current cpu id in a memory area shared between kernel and user-space is an improvement over current mechanisms available to read the current CPU number, which has the following benefits over alternative approaches: - 35x speedup on ARM vs system call through glibc - 20x speedup on x86 compared to calling glibc, which calls vdso executing a "lsl" instruction, - 14x speedup on x86 compared to inlined "lsl" instruction, - Unlike vdso approaches, this cpu_id value can be read from an inline assembly, which makes it a useful building block for restartable sequences. - The approach of reading the cpu id through memory mapping shared between kernel and user-space is portable (e.g. ARM), which is not the case for the lsl-based x86 vdso. On x86, yet another possible approach would be to use the gs segment selector to point to user-space per-cpu data. This approach performs similarly to the cpu id cache, but it has two disadvantages: it is not portable, and it is incompatible with existing applications already using the gs segment selector for other purposes. Benchmarking various approaches for reading the current CPU number: ARMv7 Processor rev 4 (v7l) Machine model: Cubietruck - Baseline (empty loop): 8.4 ns - Read CPU from rseq cpu_id: 16.7 ns - Read CPU from rseq cpu_id (lazy register): 19.8 ns - glibc 2.19-0ubuntu6.6 getcpu: 301.8 ns - getcpu system call: 234.9 ns x86-64 Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2630 v3 @ 2.40GHz: - Baseline (empty loop): 0.8 ns - Read CPU from rseq cpu_id: 0.8 ns - Read CPU from rseq cpu_id (lazy register): 0.8 ns - Read using gs segment selector: 0.8 ns - "lsl" inline assembly: 13.0 ns - glibc 2.19-0ubuntu6 getcpu: 16.6 ns - getcpu system call: 53.9 ns - Speed (benchmark taken on v8 of patchset) Running 10 runs of hackbench -l 100000 seems to indicate, contrary to expectations, that enabling CONFIG_RSEQ slightly accelerates the scheduler: Configuration: 2 sockets * 8-core Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2630 v3 @ 2.40GHz (directly on hardware, hyperthreading disabled in BIOS, energy saving disabled in BIOS, turboboost disabled in BIOS, cpuidle.off=1 kernel parameter), with a Linux v4.6 defconfig+localyesconfig, restartable sequences series applied. * CONFIG_RSEQ=n avg.: 41.37 s std.dev.: 0.36 s * CONFIG_RSEQ=y avg.: 40.46 s std.dev.: 0.33 s - Size On x86-64, between CONFIG_RSEQ=n/y, the text size increase of vmlinux is 567 bytes, and the data size increase of vmlinux is 5696 bytes. [1] https://lwn.net/Articles/650333/ [2] http://www.linuxplumbersconf.org/2013/ocw/system/presentations/1695/original/LPC%20-%20PerCpu%20Atomics.pdf Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Joel Fernandes <joelaf@google.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Dave Watson <davejwatson@fb.com> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: "H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Chris Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Andrew Hunter <ahh@google.com> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Cc: "Paul E . McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Cc: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com> Cc: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Ben Maurer <bmaurer@fb.com> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: linux-api@vger.kernel.org Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20151027235635.16059.11630.stgit@pjt-glaptop.roam.corp.google.com Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20150624222609.6116.86035.stgit@kitami.mtv.corp.google.com Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180602124408.8430-3-mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com
2018-05-17kbuild: Allow LD_DEAD_CODE_DATA_ELIMINATION to be selectable if enabledNicholas Piggin1-15/+0
Architectures that are capable can select HAVE_LD_DEAD_CODE_DATA_ELIMINATION to enable selection of that option (as an EXPERT kernel option). Signed-off-by: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-05-17kbuild: remove CONFIG_HAVE_UNDERSCORE_SYMBOL_PREFIXMasahiro Yamada1-6/+0
CONFIG_HAVE_UNDERSCORE_SYMBOL_PREFIX was selected by BLACKFIN, METAG. They were removed by commit 4ba66a976072 ("arch: remove blackfin port"), commit bb6fb6dfcc17 ("metag: Remove arch/metag/"), respectively. No more architecture enables CONFIG_HAVE_UNDERSCORE_SYMBOL_PREFIX. Clean up the rest of scripts, and remove the Kconfig entry. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Reviewed-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>
2018-05-11KASAN: prohibit KASAN+STRUCTLEAK combinationDmitry Vyukov1-0/+4
Currently STRUCTLEAK inserts initialization out of live scope of variables from KASAN point of view. This leads to KASAN false positive reports. Prohibit this combination for now. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180419172451.104700-1-dvyukov@google.com Signed-off-by: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Fengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky.work@gmail.com> Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com> Cc: Dennis Zhou <dennisszhou@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-05-08dma-debug: remove CONFIG_HAVE_DMA_API_DEBUGChristoph Hellwig1-3/+0
There is no arch specific code required for dma-debug, so there is no need to opt into the support either. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Reviewed-by: Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com>
2018-04-19time: Introduce CONFIG_COMPAT_32BIT_TIMEDeepa Dinamani1-0/+7
Compat functions are now used to support 32 bit time_t in compat mode on 64 bit architectures and in native mode on 32 bit architectures. Introduce COMPAT_32BIT_TIME to conditionally compile these functions. Note that turning off 32 bit time_t support requires more changes on architecture side. For instance, architecure syscall tables need to be updated to drop support for 32 bit time_t syscalls. Signed-off-by: Deepa Dinamani <deepa.kernel@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
2018-04-19time: Introduce CONFIG_64BIT_TIME in architecturesDeepa Dinamani1-0/+8
There are a total of 53 system calls (aside from ioctl) that pass a time_t or derived data structure as an argument, and in order to extend time_t to 64-bit, we have to replace them with new system calls and keep providing backwards compatibility. To avoid adding completely new and untested code for this purpose, we introduce a new CONFIG_64BIT_TIME symbol. Every architecture that supports new 64 bit time_t syscalls enables this config. After this is done for all architectures, the CONFIG_64BIT_TIME symbol will be deleted. Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Signed-off-by: Deepa Dinamani <deepa.kernel@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
2018-03-26kbuild: remove incremental linking optionNicholas Piggin1-6/+0
This removes the old `ld -r` incremental link option, which has not been selected by any architecture since June 2017. Signed-off-by: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-02-06Makefile: introduce CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR_AUTOKees Cook1-1/+7
Nearly all modern compilers support a stack-protector option, and nearly all modern distributions enable the kernel stack-protector, so enabling this by default in kernel builds would make sense. However, Kconfig does not have knowledge of available compiler features, so it isn't safe to force on, as this would unconditionally break builds for the compilers or architectures that don't have support. Instead, this introduces a new option, CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR_AUTO, which attempts to discover the best possible stack-protector available, and will allow builds to proceed even if the compiler doesn't support any stack-protector. This option is made the default so that kernels built with modern compilers will be protected-by-default against stack buffer overflows, avoiding things like the recent BlueBorne attack. Selection of a specific stack-protector option remains available, including disabling it. Additionally, tiny.config is adjusted to use CC_STACKPROTECTOR_NONE, since that's the option with the least code size (and it used to be the default, so we have to explicitly choose it there now). Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1510076320-69931-4-git-send-email-keescook@chromium.org Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Tested-by: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com> Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-02-06Makefile: move stack-protector availability out of KconfigKees Cook1-8/+0
Various portions of the kernel, especially per-architecture pieces, need to know if the compiler is building with the stack protector. This was done in the arch/Kconfig with 'select', but this doesn't allow a way to do auto-detected compiler support. In preparation for creating an on-if-available default, move the logic for the definition of CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR into the Makefile. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1510076320-69931-3-git-send-email-keescook@chromium.org Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Tested-by: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com> Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-01-15fork: Provide usercopy whitelisting for task_structKees Cook1-0/+11
While the blocked and saved_sigmask fields of task_struct are copied to userspace (via sigmask_to_save() and setup_rt_frame()), it is always copied with a static length (i.e. sizeof(sigset_t)). The only portion of task_struct that is potentially dynamically sized and may be copied to userspace is in the architecture-specific thread_struct at the end of task_struct. cache object allocation: kernel/fork.c: alloc_task_struct_node(...): return kmem_cache_alloc_node(task_struct_cachep, ...); dup_task_struct(...): ... tsk = alloc_task_struct_node(node); copy_process(...): ... dup_task_struct(...) _do_fork(...): ... copy_process(...) example usage trace: arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c: __fpu__restore_sig(...): ... struct task_struct *tsk = current; struct fpu *fpu = &tsk->thread.fpu; ... __copy_from_user(&fpu->state.xsave, ..., state_size); fpu__restore_sig(...): ... return __fpu__restore_sig(...); arch/x86/kernel/signal.c: restore_sigcontext(...): ... fpu__restore_sig(...) This introduces arch_thread_struct_whitelist() to let an architecture declare specifically where the whitelist should be within thread_struct. If undefined, the entire thread_struct field is left whitelisted. Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com> Cc: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com> Cc: "Mickaël Salaün" <mic@digikod.net> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
2018-01-12error-injection: Separate error-injection from kprobeMasami Hiramatsu1-1/+1
Since error-injection framework is not limited to be used by kprobes, nor bpf. Other kernel subsystems can use it freely for checking safeness of error-injection, e.g. livepatch, ftrace etc. So this separate error-injection framework from kprobes. Some differences has been made: - "kprobe" word is removed from any APIs/structures. - BPF_ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION() is renamed to ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION() since it is not limited for BPF too. - CONFIG_FUNCTION_ERROR_INJECTION is the config item of this feature. It is automatically enabled if the arch supports error injection feature for kprobe or ftrace etc. Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: Josef Bacik <jbacik@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
2018-01-10dma-mapping: move swiotlb arch helpers to a new headerChristoph Hellwig1-0/+4
phys_to_dma, dma_to_phys and dma_capable are helpers published by architecture code for use of swiotlb and xen-swiotlb only. Drivers are not supposed to use these directly, but use the DMA API instead. Move these to a new asm/dma-direct.h helper, included by a linux/dma-direct.h wrapper that provides the default linear mapping unless the architecture wants to override it. In the MIPS case the existing dma-coherent.h is reused for now as untangling it will take a bit of work. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Acked-by: Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com>
2018-01-09Construct init thread stack in the linker script rather than by unionDavid Howells1-2/+2
Construct the init thread stack in the linker script rather than doing it by means of a union so that ia64's init_task.c can be got rid of. The following symbols are then made available from INIT_TASK_DATA() linker script macro: init_thread_union init_stack INIT_TASK_DATA() also expands the region to THREAD_SIZE to accommodate the size of the init stack. init_thread_union is given its own section so that it can be placed into the stack space in the right order. I'm assuming that the ia64 ordering is correct and that the task_struct is first and the thread_info second. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Tested-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Tested-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> (arm64) Tested-by: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com> Acked-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2017-12-12bpf: add a bpf_override_function helperJosef Bacik1-0/+3
Error injection is sloppy and very ad-hoc. BPF could fill this niche perfectly with it's kprobe functionality. We could make sure errors are only triggered in specific call chains that we care about with very specific situations. Accomplish this with the bpf_override_funciton helper. This will modify the probe'd callers return value to the specified value and set the PC to an override function that simply returns, bypassing the originally probed function. This gives us a nice clean way to implement systematic error injection for all of our code paths. Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Josef Bacik <jbacik@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
2017-11-11bpf: Revert bpf_overrid_function() helper changes.David S. Miller1-3/+0
NACK'd by x86 maintainer. Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-11-11bpf: add a bpf_override_function helperJosef Bacik1-0/+3
Error injection is sloppy and very ad-hoc. BPF could fill this niche perfectly with it's kprobe functionality. We could make sure errors are only triggered in specific call chains that we care about with very specific situations. Accomplish this with the bpf_override_funciton helper. This will modify the probe'd callers return value to the specified value and set the PC to an override function that simply returns, bypassing the originally probed function. This gives us a nice clean way to implement systematic error injection for all of our code paths. Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Josef Bacik <jbacik@fb.com> Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-11-02License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no licenseGreg Kroah-Hartman1-0/+1
Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license. By default all files without license information are under the default license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2. Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0' SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text. This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and Philippe Ombredanne. How this work was done: Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of the use cases: - file had no licensing information it it. - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it, - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information, Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords. The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files. The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s) to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was: - Files considered eligible had to be source code files. - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5 lines of source - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5 lines). All documentation files were explicitly excluded. The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license identifiers to apply. - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was considered to have no license information in it, and the top level COPYING file license applied. For non */uapi/* files that summary was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 11139 and resulted in the first patch in this series. If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930 and resulted in the second patch in this series. - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in it (per prior point). Results summary: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------ GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270 GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17 LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15 GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14 ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5 LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4 LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1 and that resulted in the third patch in this series. - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became the concluded license(s). - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a license but the other didn't, or they both detected different licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred. - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics). - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier, the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later in time. In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so they are related. Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks in about 15000 files. In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the correct identifier. Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch version early this week with: - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected license ids and scores - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+ files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the different types of files to be modified. These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to generate the patches. Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2017-10-20kprobes: Use synchronize_rcu_tasks() for optprobe with CONFIG_PREEMPT=yMasami Hiramatsu1-1/+1
We want to wait for all potentially preempted kprobes trampoline execution to have completed. This guarantees that any freed trampoline memory is not in use by any task in the system anymore. synchronize_rcu_tasks() gives such a guarantee, so use it. Also, this guarantees to wait for all potentially preempted tasks on the instructions which will be replaced with a jump. Since this becomes a problem only when CONFIG_PREEMPT=y, enable CONFIG_TASKS_RCU=y for synchronize_rcu_tasks() in that case. Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Acked-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli <ananth@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Naveen N . Rao <naveen.n.rao@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Paul E . McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/150845661962.5443.17724352636247312231.stgit@devbox Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2017-10-09Revert commit 1a8b6d76dc5b ("net:add one common config...")Ding Tianhong1-3/+0
The new flag PCI_DEV_FLAGS_NO_RELAXED_ORDERING has been added to indicate that Relaxed Ordering Attributes (RO) should not be used for Transaction Layer Packets (TLP) targeted toward these affected Root Port, it will clear the bit4 in the PCIe Device Control register, so the PCIe device drivers could query PCIe configuration space to determine if it can send TLPs to Root Port with the Relaxed Ordering Attributes set. With this new flag we don't need the config ARCH_WANT_RELAX_ORDER to control the Relaxed Ordering Attributes for the ixgbe drivers just like the commit 1a8b6d76dc5b ("net:add one common config...") did, so revert this commit. Signed-off-by: Ding Tianhong <dingtianhong@huawei.com> Tested-by: Andrew Bowers <andrewx.bowers@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Jeff Kirsher <jeffrey.t.kirsher@intel.com>
2017-08-17locking/refcounts, x86/asm: Implement fast refcount overflow protectionKees Cook1-0/+12
This implements refcount_t overflow protection on x86 without a noticeable performance impact, though without the fuller checking of REFCOUNT_FULL. This is done by duplicating the existing atomic_t refcount implementation but with normally a single instruction added to detect if the refcount has gone negative (e.g. wrapped past INT_MAX or below zero). When detected, the handler saturates the refcount_t to INT_MIN / 2. With this overflow protection, the erroneous reference release that would follow a wrap back to zero is blocked from happening, avoiding the class of refcount-overflow use-after-free vulnerabilities entirely. Only the overflow case of refcounting can be perfectly protected, since it can be detected and stopped before the reference is freed and left to be abused by an attacker. There isn't a way to block early decrements, and while REFCOUNT_FULL stops increment-from-zero cases (which would be the state _after_ an early decrement and stops potential double-free conditions), this fast implementation does not, since it would require the more expensive cmpxchg loops. Since the overflow case is much more common (e.g. missing a "put" during an error path), this protection provides real-world protection. For example, the two public refcount overflow use-after-free exploits published in 2016 would have been rendered unexploitable: http://perception-point.io/2016/01/14/analysis-and-exploitation-of-a-linux-kernel-vulnerability-cve-2016-0728/ http://cyseclabs.com/page?n=02012016 This implementation does, however, notice an unchecked decrement to zero (i.e. caller used refcount_dec() instead of refcount_dec_and_test() and it resulted in a zero). Decrements under zero are noticed (since they will have resulted in a negative value), though this only indicates that a use-after-free may have already happened. Such notifications are likely avoidable by an attacker that has already exploited a use-after-free vulnerability, but it's better to have them reported than allow such conditions to remain universally silent. On first overflow detection, the refcount value is reset to INT_MIN / 2 (which serves as a saturation value) and a report and stack trace are produced. When operations detect only negative value results (such as changing an already saturated value), saturation still happens but no notification is performed (since the value was already saturated). On the matter of races, since the entire range beyond INT_MAX but before 0 is negative, every operation at INT_MIN / 2 will trap, leaving no overflow-only race condition. As for performance, this implementation adds a single "js" instruction to the regular execution flow of a copy of the standard atomic_t refcount operations. (The non-"and_test" refcount_dec() function, which is uncommon in regular refcount design patterns, has an additional "jz" instruction to detect reaching exactly zero.) Since this is a forward jump, it is by default the non-predicted path, which will be reinforced by dynamic branch prediction. The result is this protection having virtually no measurable change in performance over standard atomic_t operations. The error path, located in .text.unlikely, saves the refcount location and then uses UD0 to fire a refcount exception handler, which resets the refcount, handles reporting, and returns to regular execution. This keeps the changes to .text size minimal, avoiding return jumps and open-coded calls to the error reporting routine. Example assembly comparison: refcount_inc() before: .text: ffffffff81546149: f0 ff 45 f4 lock incl -0xc(%rbp) refcount_inc() after: .text: ffffffff81546149: f0 ff 45 f4 lock incl -0xc(%rbp) ffffffff8154614d: 0f 88 80 d5 17 00 js ffffffff816c36d3 ... .text.unlikely: ffffffff816c36d3: 48 8d 4d f4 lea -0xc(%rbp),%rcx ffffffff816c36d7: 0f ff (bad) These are the cycle counts comparing a loop of refcount_inc() from 1 to INT_MAX and back down to 0 (via refcount_dec_and_test()), between unprotected refcount_t (atomic_t), fully protected REFCOUNT_FULL (refcount_t-full), and this overflow-protected refcount (refcount_t-fast): 2147483646 refcount_inc()s and 2147483647 refcount_dec_and_test()s: cycles protections atomic_t 82249267387 none refcount_t-fast 82211446892 overflow, untested dec-to-zero refcount_t-full 144814735193 overflow, untested dec-to-zero, inc-from-zero This code is a modified version of the x86 PAX_REFCOUNT atomic_t overflow defense from the last public patch of PaX/grsecurity, based on my understanding of the code. Changes or omissions from the original code are mine and don't reflect the original grsecurity/PaX code. Thanks to PaX Team for various suggestions for improvement for repurposing this code to be a refcount-only protection. Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Reviewed-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net> Cc: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@intel.com> Cc: Eric Biggers <ebiggers3@gmail.com> Cc: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: Hans Liljestrand <ishkamiel@gmail.com> Cc: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@hansenpartnership.com> Cc: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Serge E. Hallyn <serge@hallyn.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: arozansk@redhat.com Cc: axboe@kernel.dk Cc: kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com Cc: linux-arch <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170815161924.GA133115@beast Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2017-08-07gcc-plugins: structleak: add option to init all vars used as byref argsArd Biesheuvel1-0/+7
In the Linux kernel, struct type variables are rarely passed by-value, and so functions that initialize such variables typically take an input reference to the variable rather than returning a value that can subsequently be used in an assignment. If the initalization function is not part of the same compilation unit, the lack of an assignment operation defeats any analysis the compiler can perform as to whether the variable may be used before having been initialized. This means we may end up passing on such variables uninitialized, resulting in potential information leaks. So extend the existing structleak GCC plugin so it will [optionally] apply to all struct type variables that have their address taken at any point, rather than only to variables of struct types that have a __user annotation. Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
2017-08-01randstruct: Enable function pointer struct detectionKees Cook1-5/+7
This enables the automatic structure selection logic in the randstruct GCC plugin. The selection logic randomizes all structures that contain only function pointers, unless marked with __no_randomize_layout. Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
2017-07-12include/linux/string.h: add the option of fortified string.h functionsDaniel Micay1-0/+6
This adds support for compiling with a rough equivalent to the glibc _FORTIFY_SOURCE=1 feature, providing compile-time and runtime buffer overflow checks for string.h functions when the compiler determines the size of the source or destination buffer at compile-time. Unlike glibc, it covers buffer reads in addition to writes. GNU C __builtin_*_chk intrinsics are avoided because they would force a much more complex implementation. They aren't designed to detect read overflows and offer no real benefit when using an implementation based on inline checks. Inline checks don't add up to much code size and allow full use of the regular string intrinsics while avoiding the need for a bunch of _chk functions and per-arch assembly to avoid wrapper overhead. This detects various overflows at compile-time in various drivers and some non-x86 core kernel code. There will likely be issues caught in regular use at runtime too. Future improvements left out of initial implementation for simplicity, as it's all quite optional and can be done incrementally: * Some of the fortified string functions (strncpy, strcat), don't yet place a limit on reads from the source based on __builtin_object_size of the source buffer. * Extending coverage to more string functions like strlcat. * It should be possible to optionally use __builtin_object_size(x, 1) for some functions (C strings) to detect intra-object overflows (like glibc's _FORTIFY_SOURCE=2), but for now this takes the conservative approach to avoid likely compatibility issues. * The compile-time checks should be made available via a separate config option which can be enabled by default (or always enabled) once enough time has passed to get the issues it catches fixed. Kees said: "This is great to have. While it was out-of-tree code, it would have blocked at least CVE-2016-3858 from being exploitable (improper size argument to strlcpy()). I've sent a number of fixes for out-of-bounds-reads that this detected upstream already" [arnd@arndb.de: x86: fix fortified memcpy] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170627150047.660360-1-arnd@arndb.de [keescook@chromium.org: avoid panic() in favor of BUG()] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170626235122.GA25261@beast [keescook@chromium.org: move from -mm, add ARCH_HAS_FORTIFY_SOURCE, tweak Kconfig help] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170526095404.20439-1-danielmicay@gmail.com Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1497903987-21002-8-git-send-email-keescook@chromium.org Signed-off-by: Daniel Micay <danielmicay@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Cc: Daniel Axtens <dja@axtens.net> Cc: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk> Cc: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com> Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@ezchip.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-07-12kernel/watchdog: split up config optionsNicholas Piggin1-3/+22
Split SOFTLOCKUP_DETECTOR from LOCKUP_DETECTOR, and split HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR_PERF from HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR. LOCKUP_DETECTOR implies the general boot, sysctl, and programming interfaces for the lockup detectors. An architecture that wants to use a hard lockup detector must define HAVE_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR_PERF or HAVE_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR_ARCH. Alternatively an arch can define HAVE_NMI_WATCHDOG, which provides the minimum arch_touch_nmi_watchdog, and it otherwise does its own thing and does not implement the LOCKUP_DETECTOR interfaces. sparc is unusual in that it has started to implement some of the interfaces, but not fully yet. It should probably be converted to a full HAVE_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR_ARCH. [npiggin@gmail.com: fix] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170617223522.66c0ad88@roar.ozlabs.ibm.com Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170616065715.18390-4-npiggin@gmail.com Signed-off-by: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Don Zickus <dzickus@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Babu Moger <babu.moger@oracle.com> Tested-by: Babu Moger <babu.moger@oracle.com> [sparc] Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-30kbuild: thin archives make default for all archsNicholas Piggin1-1/+1
Make thin archives build the default, but keep the config option to allow exemptions if any breakage can't be quickly solved. Signed-off-by: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>