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2019-03-05arm64/mm: enable HugeTLB migrationAnshuman Khandual1-0/+4
Let arm64 subscribe to generic HugeTLB page migration framework. Right now this only works on the following PMD and PUD level HugeTLB page sizes with various kernel base page size combinations. CONT PTE PMD CONT PMD PUD -------- --- -------- --- 4K: NA 2M NA 1G 16K: NA 32M NA 64K: NA 512M NA Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1545121450-1663-5-git-send-email-anshuman.khandual@arm.com Signed-off-by: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com> Reviewed-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Reviewed-by: Steve Capper <steve.capper@arm.com> Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-02-28arm64: Add workaround for Fujitsu A64FX erratum 010001Zhang Lei1-0/+19
On the Fujitsu-A64FX cores ver(1.0, 1.1), memory access may cause an undefined fault (Data abort, DFSC=0b111111). This fault occurs under a specific hardware condition when a load/store instruction performs an address translation. Any load/store instruction, except non-fault access including Armv8 and SVE might cause this undefined fault. The TCR_ELx.NFD1 bit is used by the kernel when CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE is enabled to mitigate timing attacks against KASLR where the kernel address space could be probed using the FFR and suppressed fault on SVE loads. Since this erratum causes spurious exceptions, which may corrupt the exception registers, we clear the TCR_ELx.NFDx=1 bits when booting on an affected CPU. Signed-off-by: Zhang Lei <zhang.lei@jp.fujitsu.com> [Generated MIDR value/mask for __cpu_setup(), removed spurious-fault handler and always disabled the NFDx bits on affected CPUs] Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> Tested-by: zhang.lei <zhang.lei@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
2019-02-20dma-mapping: improve selection of dma_declare_coherent availabilityChristoph Hellwig1-1/+0
This API is primarily used through DT entries, but two architectures and two drivers call it directly. So instead of selecting the config symbol for random architectures pull it in implicitly for the actual users. Also rename the Kconfig option to describe the feature better. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Acked-by: Paul Burton <paul.burton@mips.com> # MIPS Acked-by: Lee Jones <lee.jones@linaro.org> Reviewed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2019-02-13of: select OF_RESERVED_MEM automaticallyChristoph Hellwig1-1/+0
The OF_RESERVED_MEM can be used if we have either CMA or the generic declare coherent code built and we support the early flattened DT. So don't bother making it a user visible options that is selected by most configs that fit the above category, but just select it when the requirements are met. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Reviewed-by: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
2019-02-13dma-mapping: add a kconfig symbol for arch_teardown_dma_ops availabilityChristoph Hellwig1-0/+1
Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> # arm64
2019-02-13dma-mapping: add a kconfig symbol for arch_setup_dma_ops availabilityChristoph Hellwig1-0/+1
Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Acked-by: Paul Burton <paul.burton@mips.com> # MIPS Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> # arm64
2019-02-06arm64: Enable the support of pseudo-NMIsJulien Thierry1-0/+14
Add a build option and a command line parameter to build and enable the support of pseudo-NMIs. Signed-off-by: Julien Thierry <julien.thierry@arm.com> Suggested-by: Daniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
2019-01-21arm64: default NR_CPUS to 256Mark Rutland1-2/+1
There are shipping arm64 platforms with 256 hardware threads. So that we can make use of these with defconfig, bump the arm64 default NR_CPUS to 256. At the same time, drop a redundant comment. We only have one default for NR_CPUS, so there's nothing to sort. Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
2018-12-28kasan, arm64: select HAVE_ARCH_KASAN_SW_TAGSAndrey Konovalov1-0/+1
Now, that all the necessary infrastructure code has been introduced, select HAVE_ARCH_KASAN_SW_TAGS for arm64 to enable software tag-based KASAN mode. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/25abce9a21d0c1df2d9d72488aced418c3465d7b.1544099024.git.andreyknvl@google.com Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@google.com> Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-12-22treewide: surround Kconfig file paths with double quotesMasahiro Yamada1-1/+1
The Kconfig lexer supports special characters such as '.' and '/' in the parameter context. In my understanding, the reason is just to support bare file paths in the source statement. I do not see a good reason to complicate Kconfig for the room of ambiguity. The majority of code already surrounds file paths with double quotes, and it makes sense since file paths are constant string literals. Make it treewide consistent now. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Acked-by: Wolfram Sang <wsa@the-dreams.de> Acked-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2018-12-20arm64: select ACPI PCI code only when both features are enabledSinan Kaya1-2/+2
ACPI and PCI are no longer coupled to each other. Specify requirements for both when pulling in code. Signed-off-by: Sinan Kaya <okaya@kernel.org> Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
2018-12-13dma-mapping: always build the direct mapping codeChristoph Hellwig1-1/+0
All architectures except for sparc64 use the dma-direct code in some form, and even for sparc64 we had the discussion of a direct mapping mode a while ago. In preparation for directly calling the direct mapping code don't bother having it optionally but always build the code in. This is a minor hardship for some powerpc and arm configs that don't pull it in yet (although they should in a relase ot two), and sparc64 which currently doesn't need it at all, but it will reduce the ifdef mess we'd otherwise need significantly. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Acked-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com> Tested-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com> Tested-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
2018-12-13arm64: enable pointer authenticationMark Rutland1-0/+23
Now that all the necessary bits are in place for userspace, add the necessary Kconfig logic to allow this to be enabled. Signed-off-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Kristina Martsenko <kristina.martsenko@arm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2018-12-12arm64: enable per-task stack canariesArd Biesheuvel1-0/+7
This enables the use of per-task stack canary values if GCC has support for emitting the stack canary reference relative to the value of sp_el0, which holds the task struct pointer in the arm64 kernel. The $(eval) extends KBUILD_CFLAGS at the moment the make rule is applied, which means asm-offsets.o (which we rely on for the offset value) is built without the arguments, and everything built afterwards has the options set. Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2018-12-12arm64: Add memory hotplug supportRobin Murphy1-0/+3
Wire up the basic support for hot-adding memory. Since memory hotplug is fairly tightly coupled to sparsemem, we tweak pfn_valid() to also cross-check the presence of a section in the manner of the generic implementation, before falling back to memblock to check for no-map regions within a present section as before. By having arch_add_memory(() create the linear mapping first, this then makes everything work in the way that __add_section() expects. We expect hotplug to be ACPI-driven, so the swapper_pg_dir updates should be safe from races by virtue of the global device hotplug lock. Signed-off-by: Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2018-12-11arm64: fix ARM64_USER_VA_BITS_52 buildsArnd Bergmann1-1/+1
In some randconfig builds, the new CONFIG_ARM64_USER_VA_BITS_52 triggered a build failure: arch/arm64/mm/proc.S:287: Error: immediate out of range As it turns out, we were incorrectly setting PGTABLE_LEVELS here, lacking any other default value. This fixes the calculation of CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS to consider all combinations again. Fixes: 68d23da4373a ("arm64: Kconfig: Re-jig CONFIG options for 52-bit VA") Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2018-12-10arm64: Kconfig: Re-jig CONFIG options for 52-bit VAWill Deacon1-18/+29
Enabling 52-bit VAs for userspace is pretty confusing, since it requires you to select "48-bit" virtual addressing in the Kconfig. Rework the logic so that 52-bit user virtual addressing is advertised in the "Virtual address space size" choice, along with some help text to describe its interaction with Pointer Authentication. The EXPERT-only option to force all user mappings to the 52-bit range is then made available immediately below the VA size selection. Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2018-12-10arm64: mm: Allow forcing all userspace addresses to 52-bitSteve Capper1-0/+13
On arm64 52-bit VAs are provided to userspace when a hint is supplied to mmap. This helps maintain compatibility with software that expects at most 48-bit VAs to be returned. In order to help identify software that has 48-bit VA assumptions, this patch allows one to compile a kernel where 52-bit VAs are returned by default on HW that supports it. This feature is intended to be for development systems only. Signed-off-by: Steve Capper <steve.capper@arm.com> Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2018-12-10arm64: mm: introduce 52-bit userspace supportSteve Capper1-0/+4
On arm64 there is optional support for a 52-bit virtual address space. To exploit this one has to be running with a 64KB page size and be running on hardware that supports this. For an arm64 kernel supporting a 48 bit VA with a 64KB page size, some changes are needed to support a 52-bit userspace: * TCR_EL1.T0SZ needs to be 12 instead of 16, * TASK_SIZE needs to reflect the new size. This patch implements the above when the support for 52-bit VAs is detected at early boot time. On arm64 userspace addresses translation is controlled by TTBR0_EL1. As well as userspace, TTBR0_EL1 controls: * The identity mapping, * EFI runtime code. It is possible to run a kernel with an identity mapping that has a larger VA size than userspace (and for this case __cpu_set_tcr_t0sz() would set TCR_EL1.T0SZ as appropriate). However, when the conditions for 52-bit userspace are met; it is possible to keep TCR_EL1.T0SZ fixed at 12. Thus in this patch, the TCR_EL1.T0SZ size changing logic is disabled. Reviewed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Steve Capper <steve.capper@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2018-12-10arm64: Add configuration/documentation for Cortex-A76 erratum 1165522Marc Zyngier1-0/+12
Now that the infrastructure to handle erratum 1165522 is in place, let's make it a selectable option and add the required documentation. Reviewed-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2018-12-06arm64: kexec_file: add kernel signature verification supportAKASHI Takahiro1-0/+24
With this patch, kernel verification can be done without IMA security subsystem enabled. Turn on CONFIG_KEXEC_VERIFY_SIG instead. On x86, a signature is embedded into a PE file (Microsoft's format) header of binary. Since arm64's "Image" can also be seen as a PE file as far as CONFIG_EFI is enabled, we adopt this format for kernel signing. You can create a signed kernel image with: $ sbsign --key ${KEY} --cert ${CERT} Image Signed-off-by: AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi@linaro.org> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Reviewed-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> [will: removed useless pr_debug()] Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2018-12-06arch: switch the default on ARCH_HAS_SG_CHAINChristoph Hellwig1-1/+0
These days architectures are mostly out of the business of dealing with struct scatterlist at all, unless they have architecture specific iommu drivers. Replace the ARCH_HAS_SG_CHAIN symbol with a ARCH_NO_SG_CHAIN one only enabled for architectures with horrible legacy iommu drivers like alpha and parisc, and conditionally for arm which wants to keep it disable for legacy platforms. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Reviewed-by: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com>
2018-12-06arm64: enable KEXEC_FILE configAKASHI Takahiro1-0/+9
Modify arm64/Kconfig to enable kexec_file_load support. Signed-off-by: AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi@linaro.org> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Acked-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2018-12-06arm64: capabilities: Merge entries for ARM64_WORKAROUND_CLEAN_CACHESuzuki K Poulose1-0/+7
We have two entries for ARM64_WORKAROUND_CLEAN_CACHE capability : 1) ARM Errata 826319, 827319, 824069, 819472 on A53 r0p[012] 2) ARM Errata 819472 on A53 r0p[01] Both have the same work around. Merge these entries to avoid duplicate entries for a single capability. Add a new Kconfig entry to control the "capability" entry to make it easier to handle combinations of the CONFIGs. Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: Andre Przywara <andre.przywara@arm.com> Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2018-12-01dma-mapping: move the arm64 noncoherent alloc/free support to common codeChristoph Hellwig1-1/+1
The arm64 codebase to implement coherent dma allocation for architectures with non-coherent DMA is a good start for a generic implementation, given that is uses the generic remap helpers, provides the atomic pool for allocations that can't sleep and still is realtively simple and well tested. Move it to kernel/dma and allow architectures to opt into it using a config symbol. Architectures just need to provide a new arch_dma_prep_coherent helper to writeback an invalidate the caches for any memory that gets remapped for uncached access. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Reviewed-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Reviewed-by: Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com>
2018-12-01dma-mapping: move the remap helpers to a separate fileChristoph Hellwig1-0/+1
The dma remap code only makes sense for not cache coherent architectures (or possibly the corner case of highmem CMA allocations) and currently is only used by arm, arm64, csky and xtensa. Split it out into a separate file with a separate Kconfig symbol, which gets the right copyright notice given that this code was written by Laura Abbott working for Code Aurora at that point. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Acked-by: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com>
2018-11-29arm64: Add workaround for Cortex-A76 erratum 1286807Catalin Marinas1-0/+25
On the affected Cortex-A76 cores (r0p0 to r3p0), if a virtual address for a cacheable mapping of a location is being accessed by a core while another core is remapping the virtual address to a new physical page using the recommended break-before-make sequence, then under very rare circumstances TLBI+DSB completes before a read using the translation being invalidated has been observed by other observers. The workaround repeats the TLBI+DSB operation and is shared with the Qualcomm Falkor erratum 1009 Reviewed-by: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
2018-11-23PCI: consolidate the PCI_SYSCALL symbolChristoph Hellwig1-3/+1
Let architectures select the syscall support instead of duplicating the kconfig entry. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-11-23PCI: consolidate the PCI_DOMAINS and PCI_DOMAINS_GENERIC config optionsChristoph Hellwig1-6/+1
Move the definitions to drivers/pci and let the architectures select them. Two small differences to before: PCI_DOMAINS_GENERIC now selects PCI_DOMAINS, cutting down the churn for modern architectures. As the only architectured arm did previously also offer PCI_DOMAINS as a user visible choice in addition to selecting it from the relevant configs, this is gone now. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Acked-by: Paul Burton <paul.burton@mips.com> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-11-23PCI: consolidate PCI config entry in drivers/pciChristoph Hellwig1-13/+1
There is no good reason to duplicate the PCI menu in every architecture. Instead provide a selectable HAVE_PCI symbol that indicates availability of PCI support, and a FORCE_PCI symbol to for PCI on and the handle the rest in drivers/pci. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Reviewed-by: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com> Acked-by: Max Filippov <jcmvbkbc@gmail.com> Acked-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Acked-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com> Acked-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Acked-by: Paul Burton <paul.burton@mips.com> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-11-20arm64: mm: apply r/o permissions of VM areas to its linear alias as wellArd Biesheuvel1-0/+14
On arm64, we use block mappings and contiguous hints to map the linear region, to minimize the TLB footprint. However, this means that the entire region is mapped using read/write permissions, which we cannot modify at page granularity without having to take intrusive measures to prevent TLB conflicts. This means the linear aliases of pages belonging to read-only mappings (executable or otherwise) in the vmalloc region are also mapped read/write, and could potentially be abused to modify things like module code, bpf JIT code or other read-only data. So let's fix this, by extending the set_memory_ro/rw routines to take the linear alias into account. The consequence of enabling this is that we can no longer use block mappings or contiguous hints, so in cases where the TLB footprint of the linear region is a bottleneck, performance may be affected. Therefore, allow this feature to be runtime en/disabled, by setting rodata=full (or 'on' to disable just this enhancement, or 'off' to disable read-only mappings for code and r/o data entirely) on the kernel command line. Also, allow the default value to be set via a Kconfig option. Tested-by: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2018-10-31mm: remove CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCKMike Rapoport1-1/+0
All architecures use memblock for early memory management. There is no need for the CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK configuration option. [rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com: of/fdt: fixup #ifdefs] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180919103457.GA20545@rapoport-lnx [rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com: csky: fixups after bootmem removal] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180926112744.GC4628@rapoport-lnx [rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com: remove stale #else and the code it protects] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1538067825-24835-1-git-send-email-rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1536927045-23536-4-git-send-email-rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Tested-by: Jonathan Cameron <jonathan.cameron@huawei.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Chris Zankel <chris@zankel.net> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Greentime Hu <green.hu@gmail.com> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: Guan Xuetao <gxt@pku.edu.cn> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: "James E.J. Bottomley" <jejb@parisc-linux.org> Cc: Jonas Bonn <jonas@southpole.se> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> Cc: Ley Foon Tan <lftan@altera.com> Cc: Mark Salter <msalter@redhat.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu> Cc: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com> Cc: Paul Burton <paul.burton@mips.com> Cc: Richard Kuo <rkuo@codeaurora.org> Cc: Richard Weinberger <richard@nod.at> Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk> Cc: Serge Semin <fancer.lancer@gmail.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Vineet Gupta <vgupta@synopsys.com> Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-10-31mm: remove CONFIG_NO_BOOTMEMMike Rapoport1-1/+0
All achitectures select NO_BOOTMEM which essentially becomes 'Y' for any kernel configuration and therefore it can be removed. [alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com: remove now defunct NO_BOOTMEM from depends list for deferred init] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180925201814.3576.15105.stgit@localhost.localdomain Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1536927045-23536-3-git-send-email-rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Chris Zankel <chris@zankel.net> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Greentime Hu <green.hu@gmail.com> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: Guan Xuetao <gxt@pku.edu.cn> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: "James E.J. Bottomley" <jejb@parisc-linux.org> Cc: Jonas Bonn <jonas@southpole.se> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> Cc: Ley Foon Tan <lftan@altera.com> Cc: Mark Salter <msalter@redhat.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu> Cc: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com> Cc: Paul Burton <paul.burton@mips.com> Cc: Richard Kuo <rkuo@codeaurora.org> Cc: Richard Weinberger <richard@nod.at> Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk> Cc: Serge Semin <fancer.lancer@gmail.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Vineet Gupta <vgupta@synopsys.com> Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-10-19arm64: use the generic swiotlb_dma_opsChristoph Hellwig1-0/+4
Now that the generic swiotlb code supports non-coherent DMA we can switch to it for arm64. For that we need to refactor the existing alloc/free/mmap/pgprot helpers to be used as the architecture hooks, and implement the standard arch_sync_dma_for_{device,cpu} hooks for cache maintaincance in the streaming dma hooks, which also implies using the generic dma_coherent flag in struct device. Note that we need to keep the old is_device_dma_coherent function around for now, so that the shared arm/arm64 Xen code keeps working. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
2018-10-03arm64: arch_timer: avoid unused function warningArnd Bergmann1-0/+1
arm64_1188873_read_cntvct_el0() is protected by the correct CONFIG_ARM64_ERRATUM_1188873 #ifdef, but the only reference to it is also inside of an CONFIG_ARM_ARCH_TIMER_OOL_WORKAROUND section, and causes a warning if that is disabled: drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c:323:20: error: 'arm64_1188873_read_cntvct_el0' defined but not used [-Werror=unused-function] Since the erratum requires that we always apply the workaround in the timer driver, select that symbol as we do for SoC specific errata. Fixes: 95b861a4a6d9 ("arm64: arch_timer: Add workaround for ARM erratum 1188873") Acked-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
2018-10-01arm64: arch_timer: Add workaround for ARM erratum 1188873Marc Zyngier1-0/+12
When running on Cortex-A76, a timer access from an AArch32 EL0 task may end up with a corrupted value or register. The workaround for this is to trap these accesses at EL1/EL2 and execute them there. This only affects versions r0p0, r1p0 and r2p0 of the CPU. Acked-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
2018-09-27arm64/kernel: jump_label: Switch to relative referencesArd Biesheuvel1-0/+1
On a randomly chosen distro kernel build for arm64, vmlinux.o shows the following sections, containing jump label entries, and the associated RELA relocation records, respectively: ... [38088] __jump_table PROGBITS 0000000000000000 00e19f30 000000000002ea10 0000000000000000 WA 0 0 8 [38089] .rela__jump_table RELA 0000000000000000 01fd8bb0 000000000008be30 0000000000000018 I 38178 38088 8 ... In other words, we have 190 KB worth of 'struct jump_entry' instances, and 573 KB worth of RELA entries to relocate each entry's code, target and key members. This means the RELA section occupies 10% of the .init segment, and the two sections combined represent 5% of vmlinux's entire memory footprint. So let's switch from 64-bit absolute references to 32-bit relative references for the code and target field, and a 64-bit relative reference for the 'key' field (which may reside in another module or the core kernel, which may be more than 4 GB way on arm64 when running with KASLR enable): this reduces the size of the __jump_table by 33%, and gets rid of the RELA section entirely. Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org Cc: linux-s390@vger.kernel.org Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180919065144.25010-4-ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org
2018-09-21arm64: Kconfig: Remove ARCH_HAS_HOLES_MEMORYMODELJames Morse1-4/+1
include/linux/mmzone.h describes ARCH_HAS_HOLES_MEMORYMODEL as relevant when parts the memmap have been free()d. This would happen on systems where memory is smaller than a sparsemem-section, and the extra struct pages are expensive. pfn_valid() on these systems returns true for the whole sparsemem-section, so an extra memmap_valid_within() check is needed. On arm64 we have nomap memory, so always provide pfn_valid() to test for nomap pages. This means ARCH_HAS_HOLES_MEMORYMODEL's extra checks are already rolled up into pfn_valid(). Remove it. Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
2018-09-18arm64: mm: Support Common Not Private translationsVladimir Murzin1-0/+14
Common Not Private (CNP) is a feature of ARMv8.2 extension which allows translation table entries to be shared between different PEs in the same inner shareable domain, so the hardware can use this fact to optimise the caching of such entries in the TLB. CNP occupies one bit in TTBRx_ELy and VTTBR_EL2, which advertises to the hardware that the translation table entries pointed to by this TTBR are the same as every PE in the same inner shareable domain for which the equivalent TTBR also has CNP bit set. In case CNP bit is set but TTBR does not point at the same translation table entries for a given ASID and VMID, then the system is mis-configured, so the results of translations are UNPREDICTABLE. For kernel we postpone setting CNP till all cpus are up and rely on cpufeature framework to 1) patch the code which is sensitive to CNP and 2) update TTBR1_EL1 with CNP bit set. TTBR1_EL1 can be reprogrammed as result of hibernation or cpuidle (via __enable_mmu). For these two cases we restore CnP bit via __cpu_suspend_exit(). There are a few cases we need to care of changes in TTBR0_EL1: - a switch to idmap - software emulated PAN we rule out latter via Kconfig options and for the former we make sure that CNP is set for non-zero ASIDs only. Reviewed-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> Reviewed-by: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com> Reviewed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Vladimir Murzin <vladimir.murzin@arm.com> [catalin.marinas@arm.com: default y for CONFIG_ARM64_CNP] Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
2018-09-11arm64: tlb: Avoid synchronous TLBIs when freeing page tablesWill Deacon1-0/+1
By selecting HAVE_RCU_TABLE_INVALIDATE, we can rely on tlb_flush() being called if we fail to batch table pages for freeing. This in turn allows us to postpone walk-cache invalidation until tlb_finish_mmu(), which avoids lots of unnecessary DSBs and means we can shoot down the ASID if the range is large enough. Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
2018-09-10arm64/lib: add accelerated crc32 routinesArd Biesheuvel1-0/+1
Unlike crc32c(), which is wired up to the crypto API internally so the optimal driver is selected based on the platform's capabilities, crc32_le() is implemented as a library function using a slice-by-8 table based C implementation. Even though few of the call sites may be bottlenecks, calling a time variant implementation with a non-negligible D-cache footprint is a bit of a waste, given that ARMv8.1 and up mandates support for the CRC32 instructions that were optional in ARMv8.0, but are already widely available, even on the Cortex-A53 based Raspberry Pi. So implement routines that use these instructions if available, and fall back to the existing generic routines otherwise. The selection is based on alternatives patching. Note that this unconditionally selects CONFIG_CRC32 as a builtin. Since CRC32 is relied upon by core functionality such as CONFIG_OF_FLATTREE, this just codifies the status quo. Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
2018-08-31arm64: mm: always enable CONFIG_HOLES_IN_ZONEJames Morse1-1/+0
Commit 6d526ee26ccd ("arm64: mm: enable CONFIG_HOLES_IN_ZONE for NUMA") only enabled HOLES_IN_ZONE for NUMA systems because the NUMA code was choking on the missing zone for nomap pages. This problem doesn't just apply to NUMA systems. If the architecture doesn't set HAVE_ARCH_PFN_VALID, pfn_valid() will return true if the pfn is part of a valid sparsemem section. When working with multiple pages, the mm code uses pfn_valid_within() to test each page it uses within the sparsemem section is valid. On most systems memory comes in MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES chunks which all have valid/initialised struct pages. In this case pfn_valid_within() is optimised out. Systems where this isn't true (e.g. due to nomap) should set HOLES_IN_ZONE and provide HAVE_ARCH_PFN_VALID so that mm tests each page as it works with it. Currently non-NUMA arm64 systems can't enable HOLES_IN_ZONE, leading to a VM_BUG_ON(): | page:fffffdff802e1780 is uninitialized and poisoned | raw: ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff | raw: ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff | page dumped because: VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PagePoisoned(p)) | ------------[ cut here ]------------ | kernel BUG at include/linux/mm.h:978! | Internal error: Oops - BUG: 0 [#1] PREEMPT SMP [...] | CPU: 1 PID: 25236 Comm: dd Not tainted 4.18.0 #7 | Hardware name: QEMU KVM Virtual Machine, BIOS 0.0.0 02/06/2015 | pstate: 40000085 (nZcv daIf -PAN -UAO) | pc : move_freepages_block+0x144/0x248 | lr : move_freepages_block+0x144/0x248 | sp : fffffe0071177680 [...] | Process dd (pid: 25236, stack limit = 0x0000000094cc07fb) | Call trace: | move_freepages_block+0x144/0x248 | steal_suitable_fallback+0x100/0x16c | get_page_from_freelist+0x440/0xb20 | __alloc_pages_nodemask+0xe8/0x838 | new_slab+0xd4/0x418 | ___slab_alloc.constprop.27+0x380/0x4a8 | __slab_alloc.isra.21.constprop.26+0x24/0x34 | kmem_cache_alloc+0xa8/0x180 | alloc_buffer_head+0x1c/0x90 | alloc_page_buffers+0x68/0xb0 | create_empty_buffers+0x20/0x1ec | create_page_buffers+0xb0/0xf0 | __block_write_begin_int+0xc4/0x564 | __block_write_begin+0x10/0x18 | block_write_begin+0x48/0xd0 | blkdev_write_begin+0x28/0x30 | generic_perform_write+0x98/0x16c | __generic_file_write_iter+0x138/0x168 | blkdev_write_iter+0x80/0xf0 | __vfs_write+0xe4/0x10c | vfs_write+0xb4/0x168 | ksys_write+0x44/0x88 | sys_write+0xc/0x14 | el0_svc_naked+0x30/0x34 | Code: aa1303e0 90001a01 91296421 94008902 (d4210000) | ---[ end trace 1601ba47f6e883fe ]--- Remove the NUMA dependency. Link: https://www.spinics.net/lists/arm-kernel/msg671851.html Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Reported-by: Mikulas Patocka <mpatocka@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pavel.tatashin@microsoft.com> Tested-by: Mikulas Patocka <mpatocka@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2018-08-22arch: enable relative relocations for arm64, power and x86Ard Biesheuvel1-0/+1
Patch series "add support for relative references in special sections", v10. This adds support for emitting special sections such as initcall arrays, PCI fixups and tracepoints as relative references rather than absolute references. This reduces the size by 50% on 64-bit architectures, but more importantly, it removes the need for carrying relocation metadata for these sections in relocatable kernels (e.g., for KASLR) that needs to be fixed up at boot time. On arm64, this reduces the vmlinux footprint of such a reference by 8x (8 byte absolute reference + 24 byte RELA entry vs 4 byte relative reference) Patch #3 was sent out before as a single patch. This series supersedes the previous submission. This version makes relative ksymtab entries dependent on the new Kconfig symbol HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS rather than trying to infer from kbuild test robot replies for which architectures it should be blacklisted. Patch #1 introduces the new Kconfig symbol HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS, and sets it for the main architectures that are expected to benefit the most from this feature, i.e., 64-bit architectures or ones that use runtime relocations. Patch #2 add support for #define'ing __DISABLE_EXPORTS to get rid of ksymtab/kcrctab sections in decompressor and EFI stub objects when rebuilding existing C files to run in a different context. Patches #4 - #6 implement relative references for initcalls, PCI fixups and tracepoints, respectively, all of which produce sections with order ~1000 entries on an arm64 defconfig kernel with tracing enabled. This means we save about 28 KB of vmlinux space for each of these patches. [From the v7 series blurb, which included the jump_label patches as well]: For the arm64 kernel, all patches combined reduce the memory footprint of vmlinux by about 1.3 MB (using a config copied from Ubuntu that has KASLR enabled), of which ~1 MB is the size reduction of the RELA section in .init, and the remaining 300 KB is reduction of .text/.data. This patch (of 6): Before updating certain subsystems to use place relative 32-bit relocations in special sections, to save space and reduce the number of absolute relocations that need to be processed at runtime by relocatable kernels, introduce the Kconfig symbol and define it for some architectures that should be able to support and benefit from it. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180704083651.24360-2-ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Reviewed-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Thomas Garnier <thgarnie@google.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "Serge E. Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com> Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>, Cc: James Morris <james.morris@microsoft.com> Cc: Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-03arm64: Use the new GENERIC_IRQ_MULTI_HANDLERPalmer Dabbelt1-3/+1
It appears arm64 copied arm's GENERIC_IRQ_MULTI_HANDLER code, but made it unconditional. Converts the arm64 code to use the new generic code, which simply consists of deleting the arm64 code and setting MULTI_IRQ_HANDLER instead. Signed-off-by: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: linux@armlinux.org.uk Cc: catalin.marinas@arm.com Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: jonas@southpole.se Cc: stefan.kristiansson@saunalahti.fi Cc: shorne@gmail.com Cc: jason@lakedaemon.net Cc: marc.zyngier@arm.com Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: nicolas.pitre@linaro.org Cc: vladimir.murzin@arm.com Cc: keescook@chromium.org Cc: jinb.park7@gmail.com Cc: yamada.masahiro@socionext.com Cc: alexandre.belloni@bootlin.com Cc: pombredanne@nexb.com Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: kstewart@linuxfoundation.org Cc: jhogan@kernel.org Cc: mark.rutland@arm.com Cc: ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org Cc: james.morse@arm.com Cc: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org Cc: openrisc@lists.librecores.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180622170126.6308-4-palmer@sifive.com
2018-08-02kconfig: include kernel/Kconfig.preempt from init/KconfigChristoph Hellwig1-1/+0
Almost all architectures include it. Add a ARCH_NO_PREEMPT symbol to disable preempt support for alpha, hexagon, non-coldfire m68k and user mode Linux. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-08-02Kconfig: consolidate the "Kernel hacking" menuChristoph Hellwig1-2/+0
Move the source of lib/Kconfig.debug and arch/$(ARCH)/Kconfig.debug to the top-level Kconfig. For two architectures that means moving their arch-specific symbols in that menu into a new arch Kconfig.debug file, and for a few more creating a dummy file so that we can include it unconditionally. Also move the actual 'Kernel hacking' menu to lib/Kconfig.debug, where it belongs. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-08-02kconfig: include common Kconfig files from top-level KconfigChristoph Hellwig1-23/+0
Instead of duplicating the source statements in every architecture just do it once in the toplevel Kconfig file. Note that with this the inclusion of arch/$(SRCARCH/Kconfig moves out of the top-level Kconfig into arch/Kconfig so that don't violate ordering constraits while keeping a sensible menu structure. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-07-26arm64: Add support for STACKLEAK gcc pluginLaura Abbott1-0/+1
This adds support for the STACKLEAK gcc plugin to arm64 by implementing stackleak_check_alloca(), based heavily on the x86 version, and adding the two helpers used by the stackleak common code: current_top_of_stack() and on_thread_stack(). The stack erasure calls are made at syscall returns. Additionally, this disables the plugin in hypervisor and EFI stub code, which are out of scope for the protection. Acked-by: Alexander Popov <alex.popov@linux.com> Reviewed-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2018-07-24arm64: fix ACPI dependenciesArnd Bergmann1-0/+1
Kconfig reports a warning on x86 builds after the ARM64 dependency was added. drivers/acpi/Kconfig:6:error: recursive dependency detected! drivers/acpi/Kconfig:6: symbol ACPI depends on EFI This rephrases the dependency to keep the ARM64 details out of the shared Kconfig file, so Kconfig no longer gets confused by it. For consistency, all three architectures that support ACPI now select ARCH_SUPPORTS_ACPI in exactly the configuration in which they allow it. We still need the 'default x86', as each one wants a different default: default-y on x86, default-n on arm64, and always-y on ia64. Fixes: 5bcd44083a08 ("drivers: acpi: add dependency of EFI for arm64") Reviewed-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com> Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2018-07-12arm64: implement syscall wrappersMark Rutland1-0/+1
To minimize the risk of userspace-controlled values being used under speculation, this patch adds pt_regs based syscall wrappers for arm64, which pass the minimum set of required userspace values to syscall implementations. For each syscall, a wrapper which takes a pt_regs argument is automatically generated, and this extracts the arguments before calling the "real" syscall implementation. Each syscall has three functions generated: * __do_<compat_>sys_<name> is the "real" syscall implementation, with the expected prototype. * __se_<compat_>sys_<name> is the sign-extension/narrowing wrapper, inherited from common code. This takes a series of long parameters, casting each to the requisite types required by the "real" syscall implementation in __do_<compat_>sys_<name>. This wrapper *may* not be necessary on arm64 given the AAPCS rules on unused register bits, but it seemed safer to keep the wrapper for now. * __arm64_<compat_>_sys_<name> takes a struct pt_regs pointer, and extracts *only* the relevant register values, passing these on to the __se_<compat_>sys_<name> wrapper. The syscall invocation code is updated to handle the calling convention required by __arm64_<compat_>_sys_<name>, and passes a single struct pt_regs pointer. The compiler can fold the syscall implementation and its wrappers, such that the overhead of this approach is minimized. Note that we play games with sys_ni_syscall(). It can't be defined with SYSCALL_DEFINE0() because we must avoid the possibility of error injection. Additionally, there are a couple of locations where we need to call it from C code, and we don't (currently) have a ksys_ni_syscall(). While it has no wrapper, passing in a redundant pt_regs pointer is benign per the AAPCS. When ARCH_HAS_SYSCALL_WRAPPER is selected, no prototype is defines for sys_ni_syscall(). Since we need to treat it differently for in-kernel calls and the syscall tables, the prototype is defined as-required. The wrappers are largely the same as their x86 counterparts, but simplified as we don't have a variety of compat calling conventions that require separate stubs. Unlike x86, we have some zero-argument compat syscalls, and must define COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE0() to ensure that these are also given an __arm64_compat_sys_ prefix. Signed-off-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Reviewed-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net> Reviewed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>