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2016-07-23arm64: KVM: VHE: Context switch MDSCR_EL1Marc Zyngier1-4/+4
The kprobe enablement work has uncovered that changes made by a guest to MDSCR_EL1 were propagated to the host when VHE was enabled, leading to unexpected exception being delivered. Moving this register to the list of registers that are always context-switched fixes the issue. Fixes: 9c6c35683286 ("arm64: KVM: VHE: Split save/restore of registers shared between guest and host") Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org #4.6 Reported-by: Tirumalesh Chalamarla <Tirumalesh.Chalamarla@cavium.com> Tested-by: Tirumalesh Chalamarla <Tirumalesh.Chalamarla@cavium.com> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Radim Krčmář <rkrcmar@redhat.com>
2016-07-22KVM: arm/arm64: Enable irqchip routingEric Auger3-0/+22
This patch adds compilation and link against irqchip. Main motivation behind using irqchip code is to enable MSI routing code. In the future irqchip routing may also be useful when targeting multiple irqchips. Routing standard callbacks now are implemented in vgic-irqfd: - kvm_set_routing_entry - kvm_set_irq - kvm_set_msi They only are supported with new_vgic code. Both HAVE_KVM_IRQCHIP and HAVE_KVM_IRQ_ROUTING are defined. KVM_CAP_IRQ_ROUTING is advertised and KVM_SET_GSI_ROUTING is allowed. So from now on IRQCHIP routing is enabled and a routing table entry must exist for irqfd injection to succeed for a given SPI. This patch builds a default flat irqchip routing table (gsi=irqchip.pin) covering all the VGIC SPI indexes. This routing table is overwritten by the first first user-space call to KVM_SET_GSI_ROUTING ioctl. MSI routing setup is not yet allowed. Signed-off-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
2016-07-18KVM: arm64: vgic-its: Enable ITS emulation as a virtual MSI controllerAndre Przywara3-0/+8
Now that all ITS emulation functionality is in place, we advertise MSI functionality to userland and also the ITS device to the guest - if userland has configured that. Signed-off-by: Andre Przywara <andre.przywara@arm.com> Reviewed-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Tested-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
2016-07-18KVM: arm/arm64: Extend arch CAP checks to allow per-VM capabilitiesAndre Przywara1-1/+1
KVM capabilities can be a per-VM property, though ARM/ARM64 currently does not pass on the VM pointer to the architecture specific capability handlers. Add a "struct kvm*" parameter to those function to later allow proper per-VM capability reporting. Signed-off-by: Andre Przywara <andre.przywara@arm.com> Reviewed-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@linaro.org> Reviewed-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Acked-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org> Tested-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
2016-07-14arm64: KVM: Clean up a conditionDan Carpenter1-2/+2
My static checker complains that this condition looks like it should be == instead of =. This isn't a fast path, so we don't need to be fancy. Signed-off-by: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
2016-07-03arm64: KVM: Simplify HYP init/teardownMarc Zyngier4-83/+23
Now that we only have the "merged page tables" case to deal with, there is a bunch of things we can simplify in the HYP code (both at init and teardown time). Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org>
2016-07-03arm/arm64: KVM: Always have merged page tablesMarc Zyngier1-24/+7
We're in a position where we can now always have "merged" page tables, where both the runtime mapping and the idmap coexist. This results in some code being removed, but there is more to come. Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org>
2016-07-03arm64: KVM: Always reference __hyp_panic_string via its kernel VAMarc Zyngier1-2/+9
__hyp_panic_string is passed via the HYP panic code to the panic function, and is being "upgraded" to a kernel address, as it is referenced by the HYP code (in a PC-relative way). This is a bit silly, and we'd be better off obtaining the kernel address and not mess with it at all. This patch implements this with a tiny bit of asm glue, by forcing the string pointer to be read from the literal pool. Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org>
2016-07-03KVM: arm/arm64: The GIC is dead, long live the GICMarc Zyngier2-15/+0
I don't think any single piece of the KVM/ARM code ever generated as much hatred as the GIC emulation. It was written by someone who had zero experience in modeling hardware (me), was riddled with design flaws, should have been scrapped and rewritten from scratch long before having a remote chance of reaching mainline, and yet we supported it for a good three years. No need to mention the names of those who suffered, the git log is singing their praises. Thankfully, we now have a much more maintainable implementation, and we can safely put the grumpy old GIC to rest. Fellow hackers, please raise your glass in memory of the GIC: The GIC is dead, long live the GIC! Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org>
2016-06-21arm64/kvm: use ESR_ELx_EC to extract ECMark Rutland2-3/+3
Now that we have a helper to extract the EC from an ESR_ELx value, make use of this in the arm64 KVM code for simplicity and consistency. There should be no functional changes as a result of this patch. Signed-off-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Cc: Dave P Martin <dave.martin@arm.com> Cc: Huang Shijie <shijie.huang@arm.com> Cc: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> Cc: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu Acked-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
2016-06-21arm64: allow building with kcov coverage on ARM64Alexander Potapenko1-0/+4
Add ARCH_HAS_KCOV to ARM64 config. To avoid potential crashes, disable instrumentation of the files in arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/*. Signed-off-by: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com> Acked-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Acked-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Tested-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
2016-06-14KVM: ARM64: Fix typosAndrea Gelmini2-2/+2
Signed-off-by: Andrea Gelmini <andrea.gelmini@gelma.net> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2016-05-31arm64: KVM: vgic-v3: Relax synchronization when SRE==1Marc Zyngier1-7/+16
The GICv3 backend of the vgic is quite barrier heavy, in order to ensure synchronization of the system registers and the memory mapped view for a potential GICv2 guest. But when the guest is using a GICv3 model, there is absolutely no need to execute all these heavy barriers, and it is actually beneficial to avoid them altogether. This patch makes the synchonization conditional, and ensures that we do not change the EL1 SRE settings if we do not need to. Reviewed-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org>
2016-05-31arm64: KVM: vgic-v3: Prevent the guest from messing with ICC_SRE_EL1Marc Zyngier1-4/+2
Both our GIC emulations are "strict", in the sense that we either emulate a GICv2 or a GICv3, and not a GICv3 with GICv2 legacy support. But when running on a GICv3 host, we still allow the guest to tinker with the ICC_SRE_EL1 register during its time slice: it can switch SRE off, observe that it is off, and yet on the next world switch, find the SRE bit to be set again. Not very nice. An obvious solution is to always trap accesses to ICC_SRE_EL1 (by clearing ICC_SRE_EL2.Enable), and to let the handler return the programmed value on a read, or ignore the write. That way, the guest can always observe that our GICv3 is SRE==1 only. Reviewed-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org>
2016-05-31arm64: KVM: Make ICC_SRE_EL1 access return the configured SRE valueMarc Zyngier1-1/+12
When we trap ICC_SRE_EL1, we handle it as RAZ/WI. It would be more correct to actual make it RO, and return the configured value when read. Reviewed-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org>
2016-05-31KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-v3: Clear all dirty LRsChristoffer Dall1-4/+3
When saving the state of the list registers, it is critical to reset them zero, as we could otherwise leave unexpected EOI interrupts pending for virtual level interrupts. Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org # v4.6+ Signed-off-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
2016-05-27Merge tag 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/virt/kvm/kvmLinus Torvalds3-1/+20
Pull second batch of KVM updates from Radim Krčmář: "General: - move kvm_stat tool from QEMU repo into tools/kvm/kvm_stat (kvm_stat had nothing to do with QEMU in the first place -- the tool only interprets debugfs) - expose per-vm statistics in debugfs and support them in kvm_stat (KVM always collected per-vm statistics, but they were summarised into global statistics) x86: - fix dynamic APICv (VMX was improperly configured and a guest could access host's APIC MSRs, CVE-2016-4440) - minor fixes ARM changes from Christoffer Dall: - new vgic reimplementation of our horribly broken legacy vgic implementation. The two implementations will live side-by-side (with the new being the configured default) for one kernel release and then we'll remove the legacy one. - fix for a non-critical issue with virtual abort injection to guests" * tag 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/virt/kvm/kvm: (70 commits) tools: kvm_stat: Add comments tools: kvm_stat: Introduce pid monitoring KVM: Create debugfs dir and stat files for each VM MAINTAINERS: Add kvm tools tools: kvm_stat: Powerpc related fixes tools: Add kvm_stat man page tools: Add kvm_stat vm monitor script kvm:vmx: more complete state update on APICv on/off KVM: SVM: Add more SVM_EXIT_REASONS KVM: Unify traced vector format svm: bitwise vs logical op typo KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-new: Synchronize changes to active state KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-new: enable build KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-new: implement mapped IRQ handling KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-new: Wire up irqfd injection KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-new: Add vgic_v2/v3_enable KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-new: vgic_init: implement map_resources KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-new: vgic_init: implement vgic_init KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-new: vgic_init: implement vgic_create KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-new: vgic_init: implement kvm_vgic_hyp_init ...
2016-05-20KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-new: enable buildAndre Przywara2-0/+19
Now that the new VGIC implementation has reached feature parity with the old one, add the new files to the build system and add a Kconfig option to switch between the two versions. We set the default to the new version to get maximum test coverage, in case people experience problems they can switch back to the old behaviour if needed. Signed-off-by: Andre Przywara <andre.przywara@arm.com> Acked-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org>
2016-05-20kvm: arm64: Fix EC field in inject_abt64Matt Evans1-1/+1
The EC field of the constructed ESR is conditionally modified by ORing in ESR_ELx_EC_DABT_LOW for a data abort. However, ESR_ELx_EC_SHIFT is missing from this condition. Signed-off-by: Matt Evans <matt.evans@arm.com> Acked-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org>
2016-05-19Merge tag 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/virt/kvm/kvmLinus Torvalds2-1/+8
Pull KVM updates from Paolo Bonzini: "Small release overall. x86: - miscellaneous fixes - AVIC support (local APIC virtualization, AMD version) s390: - polling for interrupts after a VCPU goes to halted state is now enabled for s390 - use hardware provided information about facility bits that do not need any hypervisor activity, and other fixes for cpu models and facilities - improve perf output - floating interrupt controller improvements. MIPS: - miscellaneous fixes PPC: - bugfixes only ARM: - 16K page size support - generic firmware probing layer for timer and GIC Christoffer Dall (KVM-ARM maintainer) says: "There are a few changes in this pull request touching things outside KVM, but they should all carry the necessary acks and it made the merge process much easier to do it this way." though actually the irqchip maintainers' acks didn't make it into the patches. Marc Zyngier, who is both irqchip and KVM-ARM maintainer, later acked at http://mid.gmane.org/573351D1.4060303@arm.com ('more formally and for documentation purposes')" * tag 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/virt/kvm/kvm: (82 commits) KVM: MTRR: remove MSR 0x2f8 KVM: x86: make hwapic_isr_update and hwapic_irr_update look the same svm: Manage vcpu load/unload when enable AVIC svm: Do not intercept CR8 when enable AVIC svm: Do not expose x2APIC when enable AVIC KVM: x86: Introducing kvm_x86_ops.apicv_post_state_restore svm: Add VMEXIT handlers for AVIC svm: Add interrupt injection via AVIC KVM: x86: Detect and Initialize AVIC support svm: Introduce new AVIC VMCB registers KVM: split kvm_vcpu_wake_up from kvm_vcpu_kick KVM: x86: Introducing kvm_x86_ops VCPU blocking/unblocking hooks KVM: x86: Introducing kvm_x86_ops VM init/destroy hooks KVM: x86: Rename kvm_apic_get_reg to kvm_lapic_get_reg KVM: x86: Misc LAPIC changes to expose helper functions KVM: shrink halt polling even more for invalid wakeups KVM: s390: set halt polling to 80 microseconds KVM: halt_polling: provide a way to qualify wakeups during poll KVM: PPC: Book3S HV: Re-enable XICS fast path for irqfd-generated interrupts kvm: Conditionally register IRQ bypass consumer ...
2016-05-16Merge tag 'arm64-upstream' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arm64/linuxLinus Torvalds6-11/+114
Pull arm64 updates from Will Deacon: - virt_to_page/page_address optimisations - support for NUMA systems described using device-tree - support for hibernate/suspend-to-disk - proper support for maxcpus= command line parameter - detection and graceful handling of AArch64-only CPUs - miscellaneous cleanups and non-critical fixes * tag 'arm64-upstream' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arm64/linux: (92 commits) arm64: do not enforce strict 16 byte alignment to stack pointer arm64: kernel: Fix incorrect brk randomization arm64: cpuinfo: Missing NULL terminator in compat_hwcap_str arm64: secondary_start_kernel: Remove unnecessary barrier arm64: Ensure pmd_present() returns false after pmd_mknotpresent() arm64: Replace hard-coded values in the pmd/pud_bad() macros arm64: Implement pmdp_set_access_flags() for hardware AF/DBM arm64: Fix typo in the pmdp_huge_get_and_clear() definition arm64: mm: remove unnecessary EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL arm64: always use STRICT_MM_TYPECHECKS arm64: kvm: Fix kvm teardown for systems using the extended idmap arm64: kaslr: increase randomization granularity arm64: kconfig: drop CONFIG_RTC_LIB dependency arm64: make ARCH_SUPPORTS_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC depend on !HIBERNATION arm64: hibernate: Refuse to hibernate if the boot cpu is offline arm64: kernel: Add support for hibernate/suspend-to-disk PM / Hibernate: Call flush_icache_range() on pages restored in-place arm64: Add new asm macro copy_page arm64: Promote KERNEL_START/KERNEL_END definitions to a header file arm64: kernel: Include _AC definition in page.h ...
2016-05-09kvm: arm64: Enable hardware updates of the Access Flag for Stage 2 page tablesCatalin Marinas1-0/+8
The ARMv8.1 architecture extensions introduce support for hardware updates of the access and dirty information in page table entries. With VTCR_EL2.HA enabled (bit 21), when the CPU accesses an IPA with the PTE_AF bit cleared in the stage 2 page table, instead of raising an Access Flag fault to EL2 the CPU sets the actual page table entry bit (10). To ensure that kernel modifications to the page table do not inadvertently revert a bit set by hardware updates, certain Stage 2 software pte/pmd operations must be performed atomically. The main user of the AF bit is the kvm_age_hva() mechanism. The kvm_age_hva_handler() function performs a "test and clear young" action on the pte/pmd. This needs to be atomic in respect of automatic hardware updates of the AF bit. Since the AF bit is in the same position for both Stage 1 and Stage 2, the patch reuses the existing ptep_test_and_clear_young() functionality if __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG is defined. Otherwise, the existing pte_young/pte_mkold mechanism is preserved. The kvm_set_s2pte_readonly() (and the corresponding pmd equivalent) have to perform atomic modifications in order to avoid a race with updates of the AF bit. The arm64 implementation has been re-written using exclusives. Currently, kvm_set_s2pte_writable() (and pmd equivalent) take a pointer argument and modify the pte/pmd in place. However, these functions are only used on local variables rather than actual page table entries, so it makes more sense to follow the pte_mkwrite() approach for stage 1 attributes. The change to kvm_s2pte_mkwrite() makes it clear that these functions do not modify the actual page table entries. The (pte|pmd)_mkyoung() uses on Stage 2 entries (setting the AF bit explicitly) do not need to be modified since hardware updates of the dirty status are not supported by KVM, so there is no possibility of losing such information. Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> Acked-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Reviewed-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org>
2016-05-03arm64: kvm: Fix kvm teardown for systems using the extended idmapJames Morse3-7/+47
If memory is located above 1<<VA_BITS, kvm adds an extra level to its page tables, merging the runtime tables and boot tables that contain the idmap. This lets us avoid the trampoline dance during initialisation. This also means there is no trampoline page mapped, so __cpu_reset_hyp_mode() can't call __kvm_hyp_reset() in this page. The good news is the idmap is still mapped, so we don't need the trampoline page. The bad news is we can't call it directly as the idmap is above HYP_PAGE_OFFSET, so its address is masked by kvm_call_hyp. Add a function __extended_idmap_trampoline which will branch into __kvm_hyp_reset in the idmap, change kvm_hyp_reset_entry() to return this address if __kvm_cpu_uses_extended_idmap(). In this case __kvm_hyp_reset() will still switch to the boot tables (which are the merged tables that were already in use), and branch into the idmap (where it already was). This fixes boot failures on these systems, where we fail to execute the missing trampoline page when tearing down kvm in init_subsystems(): [ 2.508922] kvm [1]: 8-bit VMID [ 2.512057] kvm [1]: Hyp mode initialized successfully [ 2.517242] kvm [1]: interrupt-controller@e1140000 IRQ13 [ 2.522622] kvm [1]: timer IRQ3 [ 2.525783] Kernel panic - not syncing: HYP panic: [ 2.525783] PS:200003c9 PC:0000007ffffff820 ESR:86000005 [ 2.525783] FAR:0000007ffffff820 HPFAR:00000000003ffff0 PAR:0000000000000000 [ 2.525783] VCPU: (null) [ 2.525783] [ 2.547667] CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/0 Tainted: G W 4.6.0-rc5+ #1 [ 2.555137] Hardware name: Default string Default string/Default string, BIOS ROD0084E 09/03/2015 [ 2.563994] Call trace: [ 2.566432] [<ffffff80080888d0>] dump_backtrace+0x0/0x240 [ 2.571818] [<ffffff8008088b24>] show_stack+0x14/0x20 [ 2.576858] [<ffffff80083423ac>] dump_stack+0x94/0xb8 [ 2.581899] [<ffffff8008152130>] panic+0x10c/0x250 [ 2.586677] [<ffffff8008152024>] panic+0x0/0x250 [ 2.591281] SMP: stopping secondary CPUs [ 3.649692] SMP: failed to stop secondary CPUs 0-2,4-7 [ 3.654818] Kernel Offset: disabled [ 3.658293] Memory Limit: none [ 3.661337] ---[ end Kernel panic - not syncing: HYP panic: [ 3.661337] PS:200003c9 PC:0000007ffffff820 ESR:86000005 [ 3.661337] FAR:0000007ffffff820 HPFAR:00000000003ffff0 PAR:0000000000000000 [ 3.661337] VCPU: (null) [ 3.661337] Reported-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Reviewed-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2016-04-28arm64: kvm: allows kvm cpu hotplugAKASHI Takahiro2-0/+52
The current kvm implementation on arm64 does cpu-specific initialization at system boot, and has no way to gracefully shutdown a core in terms of kvm. This prevents kexec from rebooting the system at EL2. This patch adds a cpu tear-down function and also puts an existing cpu-init code into a separate function, kvm_arch_hardware_disable() and kvm_arch_hardware_enable() respectively. We don't need the arm64 specific cpu hotplug hook any more. Since this patch modifies common code between arm and arm64, one stub definition, __cpu_reset_hyp_mode(), is added on arm side to avoid compilation errors. Signed-off-by: AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi@linaro.org> [Rebase, added separate VHE init/exit path, changed resets use of kvm_call_hyp() to the __version, en/disabled hardware in init_subsystems(), added icache maintenance to __kvm_hyp_reset() and removed lr restore, removed guest-enter after teardown handling] Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> Acked-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2016-04-28arm64: hyp/kvm: Make hyp-stub reject kvm_call_hyp()James Morse1-0/+7
A later patch implements kvm_arch_hardware_disable(), to remove kvm from el2, and re-instate the hyp-stub. This can happen while guests are running, particularly when kvm_reboot() calls kvm_arch_hardware_disable() on each cpu. This can interrupt a guest, remove kvm, then allow the guest to be scheduled again. This causes kvm_call_hyp() to be run against the hyp-stub. Change the hyp-stub to return a new exception type when this happens, and add code to kvm's handle_exit() to tell userspace we failed to enter the guest. Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> Acked-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2016-04-28arm64: hyp/kvm: Make hyp-stub extensibleGeoff Levand2-4/+4
The existing arm64 hcall implementations are limited in that they only allow for two distinct hcalls; with the x0 register either zero or not zero. Also, the API of the hyp-stub exception vector routines and the KVM exception vector routines differ; hyp-stub uses a non-zero value in x0 to implement __hyp_set_vectors, whereas KVM uses it to implement kvm_call_hyp. To allow for additional hcalls to be defined and to make the arm64 hcall API more consistent across exception vector routines, change the hcall implementations to reserve all x0 values below 0xfff for hcalls such as {s,g}et_vectors(). Define two new preprocessor macros HVC_GET_VECTORS, and HVC_SET_VECTORS to be used as hcall type specifiers and convert the existing __hyp_get_vectors() and __hyp_set_vectors() routines to use these new macros when executing an HVC call. Also, change the corresponding hyp-stub and KVM el1_sync exception vector routines to use these new macros. Signed-off-by: Geoff Levand <geoff@infradead.org> [Merged two hcall patches, moved immediate value from esr to x0, use lr as a scratch register, changed limit to 0xfff] Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> Acked-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2016-04-28arm64: kvm: Move lr save/restore from do_el2_call into EL1James Morse2-5/+8
Today the 'hvc' calling KVM or the hyp-stub is expected to preserve all registers. KVM saves/restores the registers it needs on the EL2 stack using do_el2_call(). The hyp-stub has no stack, later patches need to be able to be able to clobber the link register. Move the link register save/restore to the the call sites. Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> Acked-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2016-04-28arm64: Cleanup SCTLR flagsGeoff Levand1-2/+3
We currently have macros defining flags for the arm64 sctlr registers in both kvm_arm.h and sysreg.h. To clean things up and simplify move the definitions of the SCTLR_EL2 flags from kvm_arm.h to sysreg.h, rename any SCTLR_EL1 or SCTLR_EL2 flags that are common to both registers to be SCTLR_ELx, with 'x' indicating a common flag, and fixup all files to include the proper header or to use the new macro names. Signed-off-by: Geoff Levand <geoff@infradead.org> [Restored pgtable-hwdef.h include] Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> Acked-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2016-04-21arm64: kvm: Add support for 16K pagesSuzuki K Poulose1-1/+0
Now that we can handle stage-2 page tables independent of the host page table levels, wire up the 16K page support. Cc: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Reviewed-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>
2016-04-06arm64: KVM: Warn when PARange is less than 40 bitsMarc Zyngier1-2/+37
We always thought that 40bits of PA range would be the minimum people would actually build. Anything less is terrifyingly small. Turns out that we were both right and wrong. Nobody has ever built such a system, but the ARM Foundation Model has a PARange set to 36bits. Just because we can. Oh well. Now, the KVM API explicitely says that we offer a 40bit PA space to the VM, so we shouldn't run KVM on the Foundation Model at all. That being said, this patch offers a less agressive alternative, and loudly warns about the configuration being unsupported. You'll still be able to run VMs (at your own risks, though). This is just a workaround until we have a proper userspace API where we report the PARange to userspace. Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org>
2016-03-30arm64: kvm: 4.6-rc1: Fix VTCR_EL2 VS settingSuzuki K Poulose1-2/+4
When we detect support for 16bit VMID in ID_AA64MMFR1, we set the VTCR_EL2_VS field to 1 to make use of 16bit vmids. But, with commit 3a3604bc5eb4 ("arm64: KVM: Switch to C-based stage2 init") this is broken and we corrupt VTCR_EL2:T0SZ instead of updating the VS field. VTCR_EL2_VS was actually defined to the field shift (19) and not the real value for VS. This patch fixes the issue. Fixes: commit 3a3604bc5eb4 ("arm64: KVM: Switch to C-based stage2 init") Cc: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org> Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Acked-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org>
2016-03-21kvm: arm64: Disable compiler instrumentation for hypervisor codeCatalin Marinas1-0/+4
With the recent rewrite of the arm64 KVM hypervisor code in C, enabling certain options like KASAN would allow the compiler to generate memory accesses or function calls to addresses not mapped at EL2. This patch disables the compiler instrumentation on the arm64 hypervisor code for gcov-based profiling (GCOV_KERNEL), undefined behaviour sanity checker (UBSAN) and kernel address sanitizer (KASAN). Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org> Cc: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> # 4.5+ Signed-off-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org>
2016-03-17Merge tag 'arm64-upstream' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arm64/linuxLinus Torvalds3-4/+5
Pull arm64 updates from Catalin Marinas: "Here are the main arm64 updates for 4.6. There are some relatively intrusive changes to support KASLR, the reworking of the kernel virtual memory layout and initial page table creation. Summary: - Initial page table creation reworked to avoid breaking large block mappings (huge pages) into smaller ones. The ARM architecture requires break-before-make in such cases to avoid TLB conflicts but that's not always possible on live page tables - Kernel virtual memory layout: the kernel image is no longer linked to the bottom of the linear mapping (PAGE_OFFSET) but at the bottom of the vmalloc space, allowing the kernel to be loaded (nearly) anywhere in physical RAM - Kernel ASLR: position independent kernel Image and modules being randomly mapped in the vmalloc space with the randomness is provided by UEFI (efi_get_random_bytes() patches merged via the arm64 tree, acked by Matt Fleming) - Implement relative exception tables for arm64, required by KASLR (initial code for ARCH_HAS_RELATIVE_EXTABLE added to lib/extable.c but actual x86 conversion to deferred to 4.7 because of the merge dependencies) - Support for the User Access Override feature of ARMv8.2: this allows uaccess functions (get_user etc.) to be implemented using LDTR/STTR instructions. Such instructions, when run by the kernel, perform unprivileged accesses adding an extra level of protection. The set_fs() macro is used to "upgrade" such instruction to privileged accesses via the UAO bit - Half-precision floating point support (part of ARMv8.2) - Optimisations for CPUs with or without a hardware prefetcher (using run-time code patching) - copy_page performance improvement to deal with 128 bytes at a time - Sanity checks on the CPU capabilities (via CPUID) to prevent incompatible secondary CPUs from being brought up (e.g. weird big.LITTLE configurations) - valid_user_regs() reworked for better sanity check of the sigcontext information (restored pstate information) - ACPI parking protocol implementation - CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA enabled by default - VDSO code marked as read-only - DEBUG_PAGEALLOC support - ARCH_HAS_UBSAN_SANITIZE_ALL enabled - Erratum workaround Cavium ThunderX SoC - set_pte_at() fix for PROT_NONE mappings - Code clean-ups" * tag 'arm64-upstream' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arm64/linux: (99 commits) arm64: kasan: Fix zero shadow mapping overriding kernel image shadow arm64: kasan: Use actual memory node when populating the kernel image shadow arm64: Update PTE_RDONLY in set_pte_at() for PROT_NONE permission arm64: Fix misspellings in comments. arm64: efi: add missing frame pointer assignment arm64: make mrs_s prefixing implicit in read_cpuid arm64: enable CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA by default arm64: Rework valid_user_regs arm64: mm: check at build time that PAGE_OFFSET divides the VA space evenly arm64: KVM: Move kvm_call_hyp back to its original localtion arm64: mm: treat memstart_addr as a signed quantity arm64: mm: list kernel sections in order arm64: lse: deal with clobbered IP registers after branch via PLT arm64: mm: dump: Use VA_START directly instead of private LOWEST_ADDR arm64: kconfig: add submenu for 8.2 architectural features arm64: kernel: acpi: fix ioremap in ACPI parking protocol cpu_postboot arm64: Add support for Half precision floating point arm64: Remove fixmap include fragility arm64: Add workaround for Cavium erratum 27456 arm64: mm: Mark .rodata as RO ...
2016-03-16Merge tag 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/virt/kvm/kvmLinus Torvalds19-572/+1238
Pull KVM updates from Paolo Bonzini: "One of the largest releases for KVM... Hardly any generic changes, but lots of architecture-specific updates. ARM: - VHE support so that we can run the kernel at EL2 on ARMv8.1 systems - PMU support for guests - 32bit world switch rewritten in C - various optimizations to the vgic save/restore code. PPC: - enabled KVM-VFIO integration ("VFIO device") - optimizations to speed up IPIs between vcpus - in-kernel handling of IOMMU hypercalls - support for dynamic DMA windows (DDW). s390: - provide the floating point registers via sync regs; - separated instruction vs. data accesses - dirty log improvements for huge guests - bugfixes and documentation improvements. x86: - Hyper-V VMBus hypercall userspace exit - alternative implementation of lowest-priority interrupts using vector hashing (for better VT-d posted interrupt support) - fixed guest debugging with nested virtualizations - improved interrupt tracking in the in-kernel IOAPIC - generic infrastructure for tracking writes to guest memory - currently its only use is to speedup the legacy shadow paging (pre-EPT) case, but in the future it will be used for virtual GPUs as well - much cleanup (LAPIC, kvmclock, MMU, PIT), including ubsan fixes" * tag 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/virt/kvm/kvm: (217 commits) KVM: x86: remove eager_fpu field of struct kvm_vcpu_arch KVM: x86: disable MPX if host did not enable MPX XSAVE features arm64: KVM: vgic-v3: Only wipe LRs on vcpu exit arm64: KVM: vgic-v3: Reset LRs at boot time arm64: KVM: vgic-v3: Do not save an LR known to be empty arm64: KVM: vgic-v3: Save maintenance interrupt state only if required arm64: KVM: vgic-v3: Avoid accessing ICH registers KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-v2: Make GICD_SGIR quicker to hit KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-v2: Only wipe LRs on vcpu exit KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-v2: Reset LRs at boot time KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-v2: Do not save an LR known to be empty KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-v2: Move GICH_ELRSR saving to its own function KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-v2: Save maintenance interrupt state only if required KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-v2: Avoid accessing GICH registers KVM: s390: allocate only one DMA page per VM KVM: s390: enable STFLE interpretation only if enabled for the guest KVM: s390: wake up when the VCPU cpu timer expires KVM: s390: step the VCPU timer while in enabled wait KVM: s390: protect VCPU cpu timer with a seqcount KVM: s390: step VCPU cpu timer during kvm_run ioctl ...
2016-03-09arm64: KVM: vgic-v3: Only wipe LRs on vcpu exitMarc Zyngier1-5/+4
So far, we're always writing all possible LRs, setting the empty ones with a zero value. This is obvious doing a low of work for nothing, and we're better off clearing those we've actually dirtied on the exit path (it is very rare to inject more than one interrupt at a time anyway). Reviewed-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
2016-03-09arm64: KVM: vgic-v3: Reset LRs at boot timeMarc Zyngier1-0/+9
In order to let the GICv3 code be more lazy in the way it accesses the LRs, it is necessary to start with a clean slate. Let's reset the LRs on each CPU when the vgic is probed (which includes a round trip to EL2...). Reviewed-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
2016-03-09arm64: KVM: vgic-v3: Do not save an LR known to be emptyMarc Zyngier1-2/+9
On exit, any empty LR will be signaled in ICH_ELRSR_EL2. Which means that we do not have to save it, and we can just clear its state in the in-memory copy. Reviewed-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
2016-03-09arm64: KVM: vgic-v3: Save maintenance interrupt state only if requiredMarc Zyngier1-2/+31
Next on our list of useless accesses is the maintenance interrupt status registers (ICH_MISR_EL2, ICH_EISR_EL2). It is pointless to save them if we haven't asked for a maintenance interrupt the first place, which can only happen for two reasons: - Underflow: ICH_HCR_UIE will be set, - EOI: ICH_LR_EOI will be set. These conditions can be checked on the in-memory copies of the regs. Should any of these two condition be valid, we must read GICH_MISR. We can then check for ICH_MISR_EOI, and only when set read ICH_EISR_EL2. This means that in most case, we don't have to save them at all. Reviewed-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
2016-03-09arm64: KVM: vgic-v3: Avoid accessing ICH registersMarc Zyngier1-113/+180
Just like on GICv2, we're a bit hammer-happy with GICv3, and access them more often than we should. Adopt a policy similar to what we do for GICv2, only save/restoring the minimal set of registers. As we don't access the registers linearly anymore (we may skip some), the convoluted accessors become slightly simpler, and we can drop the ugly indexing macro that tended to confuse the reviewers. Reviewed-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
2016-02-29arm64: KVM: Switch the sys_reg search to be a binary searchMarc Zyngier1-18/+22
Our 64bit sys_reg table is about 90 entries long (so far, and the PMU support is likely to increase this). This means that on average, it takes 45 comparaisons to find the right entry (and actually the full 90 if we have to search the invariant table). Not the most efficient thing. Specially when you think that this table is already sorted. Switching to a binary search effectively reduces the search to about 7 comparaisons. Slightly better! As an added bonus, the comparison is done by comparing all the fields at once, instead of one at a time. Reviewed-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
2016-02-29arm64: KVM: Add a new vcpu device control group for PMUv3Shannon Zhao1-0/+51
To configure the virtual PMUv3 overflow interrupt number, we use the vcpu kvm_device ioctl, encapsulating the KVM_ARM_VCPU_PMU_V3_IRQ attribute within the KVM_ARM_VCPU_PMU_V3_CTRL group. After configuring the PMUv3, call the vcpu ioctl with attribute KVM_ARM_VCPU_PMU_V3_INIT to initialize the PMUv3. Signed-off-by: Shannon Zhao <shannon.zhao@linaro.org> Acked-by: Peter Maydell <peter.maydell@linaro.org> Reviewed-by: Andrew Jones <drjones@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
2016-02-29arm64: KVM: Introduce per-vcpu kvm device controlsShannon Zhao1-0/+1
In some cases it needs to get/set attributes specific to a vcpu and so needs something else than ONE_REG. Let's copy the KVM_DEVICE approach, and define the respective ioctls for the vcpu file descriptor. Signed-off-by: Shannon Zhao <shannon.zhao@linaro.org> Reviewed-by: Andrew Jones <drjones@redhat.com> Acked-by: Peter Maydell <peter.maydell@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
2016-02-29arm64: KVM: Add a new feature bit for PMUv3Shannon Zhao1-0/+3
To support guest PMUv3, use one bit of the VCPU INIT feature array. Initialize the PMU when initialzing the vcpu with that bit and PMU overflow interrupt set. Signed-off-by: Shannon Zhao <shannon.zhao@linaro.org> Acked-by: Peter Maydell <peter.maydell@linaro.org> Reviewed-by: Andrew Jones <drjones@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
2016-02-29arm64: KVM: Reset PMU state when resetting vcpuShannon Zhao1-0/+3
When resetting vcpu, it needs to reset the PMU state to initial status. Signed-off-by: Shannon Zhao <shannon.zhao@linaro.org> Reviewed-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Reviewed-by: Andrew Jones <drjones@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
2016-02-29arm64: KVM: Add access handler for PMUSERENR registerShannon Zhao2-5/+99
This register resets as unknown in 64bit mode while it resets as zero in 32bit mode. Here we choose to reset it as zero for consistency. PMUSERENR_EL0 holds some bits which decide whether PMU registers can be accessed from EL0. Add some check helpers to handle the access from EL0. When these bits are zero, only reading PMUSERENR will trap to EL2 and writing PMUSERENR or reading/writing other PMU registers will trap to EL1 other than EL2 when HCR.TGE==0. To current KVM configuration (HCR.TGE==0) there is no way to get these traps. Here we write 0xf to physical PMUSERENR register on VM entry, so that it will trap PMU access from EL0 to EL2. Within the register access handler we check the real value of guest PMUSERENR register to decide whether this access is allowed. If not allowed, return false to inject UND to guest. Signed-off-by: Shannon Zhao <shannon.zhao@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
2016-02-29arm64: KVM: Add helper to handle PMCR register bitsShannon Zhao1-0/+1
According to ARMv8 spec, when writing 1 to PMCR.E, all counters are enabled by PMCNTENSET, while writing 0 to PMCR.E, all counters are disabled. When writing 1 to PMCR.P, reset all event counters, not including PMCCNTR, to zero. When writing 1 to PMCR.C, reset PMCCNTR to zero. Signed-off-by: Shannon Zhao <shannon.zhao@linaro.org> Reviewed-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
2016-02-29arm64: KVM: Add access handler for PMSWINC registerShannon Zhao1-1/+19
Add access handler which emulates writing and reading PMSWINC register and add support for creating software increment event. Signed-off-by: Shannon Zhao <shannon.zhao@linaro.org> Reviewed-by: Andrew Jones <drjones@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
2016-02-29arm64: KVM: Add access handler for PMOVSSET and PMOVSCLR registerShannon Zhao1-3/+26
Since the reset value of PMOVSSET and PMOVSCLR is UNKNOWN, use reset_unknown for its reset handler. Add a handler to emulate writing PMOVSSET or PMOVSCLR register. When writing non-zero value to PMOVSSET, the counter and its interrupt is enabled, kick this vcpu to sync PMU interrupt. Signed-off-by: Shannon Zhao <shannon.zhao@linaro.org> Reviewed-by: Andrew Jones <drjones@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
2016-02-29arm64: KVM: Add access handler for PMINTENSET and PMINTENCLR registerShannon Zhao1-4/+28
Since the reset value of PMINTENSET and PMINTENCLR is UNKNOWN, use reset_unknown for its reset handler. Add a handler to emulate writing PMINTENSET or PMINTENCLR register. Signed-off-by: Shannon Zhao <shannon.zhao@linaro.org> Reviewed-by: Andrew Jones <drjones@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
2016-02-29arm64: KVM: Add access handler for event type registerShannon Zhao1-2/+124
These kind of registers include PMEVTYPERn, PMCCFILTR and PMXEVTYPER which is mapped to PMEVTYPERn or PMCCFILTR. The access handler translates all aarch32 register offsets to aarch64 ones and uses vcpu_sys_reg() to access their values to avoid taking care of big endian. When writing to these registers, create a perf_event for the selected event type. Signed-off-by: Shannon Zhao <shannon.zhao@linaro.org> Reviewed-by: Andrew Jones <drjones@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>