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2017-11-02License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no licenseGreg Kroah-Hartman1-0/+1
Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license. By default all files without license information are under the default license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2. Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0' SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text. This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and Philippe Ombredanne. How this work was done: Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of the use cases: - file had no licensing information it it. - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it, - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information, Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords. The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files. The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s) to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was: - Files considered eligible had to be source code files. - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5 lines of source - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5 lines). All documentation files were explicitly excluded. The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license identifiers to apply. - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was considered to have no license information in it, and the top level COPYING file license applied. For non */uapi/* files that summary was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 11139 and resulted in the first patch in this series. If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930 and resulted in the second patch in this series. - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in it (per prior point). Results summary: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------ GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270 GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17 LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15 GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14 ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5 LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4 LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1 and that resulted in the third patch in this series. - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became the concluded license(s). - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a license but the other didn't, or they both detected different licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred. - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics). - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier, the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later in time. In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so they are related. Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks in about 15000 files. In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the correct identifier. Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch version early this week with: - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected license ids and scores - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+ files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the different types of files to be modified. These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to generate the patches. Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2017-05-30powerpc/64: Tool to check head sections location sanityNicholas Piggin1-1/+7
Use a tool to check that the location of "fixed sections" are where we expected them to be, which catches cases the linker script can't (stubs being added to start of .text section), and which ends up being neater. Sample output: ERROR: start_text address is c000000000008100, should be c000000000008000 ERROR: see comments in arch/powerpc/tools/head_check.sh Signed-off-by: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com> [mpe: Fold in fix from Nick for 4.6 era toolchains] Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2017-05-30powerpc/64s: Tool to flag direct branches from unrelocated interrupt vectorsNicholas Piggin1-1/+8
Direct banches from code below __end_interrupts to code above __end_interrupts when built with CONFIG_RELOCATABLE are disallowed because they will break when the kernel is not located at 0. Sample output: WARNING: Unrelocated relative branches c000000000000118 bl-> 0xc000000000038fb8 <pnv_restore_hyp_resource> c00000000000013c b-> 0xc0000000001068a4 <kvm_start_guest> c000000000000148 b-> 0xc00000000003919c <pnv_wakeup_loss> c00000000000014c b-> 0xc00000000003923c <pnv_wakeup_noloss> c0000000000005a4 b-> 0xc000000000106ffc <kvmppc_interrupt_hv> c000000000001af0 b-> 0xc000000000106ffc <kvmppc_interrupt_hv> c000000000001b24 b-> 0xc000000000106ffc <kvmppc_interrupt_hv> c000000000001b58 b-> 0xc000000000106ffc <kvmppc_interrupt_hv> Signed-off-by: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2017-05-09powerpc: Fix distclean with Makefile.postlinkHoria Geantă1-1/+1
Makefile.postlink always includes include/config/auto.conf, however this file is not present in a clean kernel tree, causing make to fail: $ git clone linuxppc.git $ cd linuxppc.git $ make distclean arch/powerpc/Makefile.postlink:10: include/config/auto.conf: No such file or directory make[1]: *** No rule to make target `include/config/auto.conf'. Stop. make: *** [vmlinuxclean] Error 2 Equally running 'make distclean; make distclean' will trip the error case. Change the inclusion such that file not being found does not trigger an error. Fixes: f188d0524d7e ("powerpc: Use the new post-link pass to check relocations") Reported-by: Mircea Pop <mircea.pop@nxp.com> Signed-off-by: Horia Geantă <horia.geanta@nxp.com> Tested-by: Justin M. Forbes <jforbes@fedoraproject.org> Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2017-04-28powerpc: Add arch/powerpc/tools directoryNicholas Piggin1-1/+1
Move a couple of existing scripts under there. Remove scripts directory: a script is a tool, a tool is not a script. Signed-off-by: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2017-04-28powerpc: Use the new post-link pass to check relocationsNicholas Piggin1-8/+7
Currently powerpc has to introduce a dependency on its default build target zImage in order to run a relocation check pass over the linked vmlinux. This is deficient because the check is not run if the plain vmlinux target is built, or if one of the other boot targets is built. Switch to using the kbuild post-link pass, added in commit fbe6e37dab97 ("kbuild: add arch specific post-link Makefile") in order to run this check. In future powerpc will use this to do more complicated operations, but initially using it for something simple is a good first step. Signed-off-by: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2017-02-13MIPS: Fix distclean with Makefile.postlinkMatt Redfearn1-1/+1
The postlink Makefile must include include/config/auto.conf to get the kernel configuration variables. But in a clean kernel directory this file does not exist, causing make to bail with the error: arch/mips/Makefile.postlink:10: include/config/auto.conf: No such file or directory make[1]: *** No rule to make target 'include/config/auto.conf'. Stop. Makefile:1290: recipe for target 'vmlinuxclean' failed Fix this by using "-include" to not cause a Make error when the file does not exist. Fixes: 44079d3509ae ("MIPS: Use Makefile.postlink to insert relocations into vmlinux") Signed-off-by: Matt Redfearn <matt.redfearn@imgtec.com> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Cc: linux-mips@linux-mips.org Patchwork: https://patchwork.linux-mips.org/patch/15136/ Signed-off-by: James Hogan <james.hogan@imgtec.com>
2017-01-03MIPS: Use Makefile.postlink to insert relocations into vmlinuxMatt Redfearn1-0/+35
When relocatable support for MIPS was merged, there was no support for an architecture to add a postlink step for vmlinux. This meant that only invoking a target within the boot directory, such as uImage, caused the relocations to be inserted into vmlinux. Building just the vmlinux target would result in a relocatable kernel with no relocation information present. Commit fbe6e37dab97 ("kbuild: add arch specific post-link Makefile") recified this situation, so MIPS can now define a postlink step to add relocation information into vmlinux, and remove the additional steps tacked onto boot targets. Signed-off-by: Matt Redfearn <matt.redfearn@imgtec.com> Tested-by: Steven J. Hill <steven.hill@cavium.com> Cc: linux-mips@linux-mips.org Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org Patchwork: https://patchwork.linux-mips.org/patch/14554/ Signed-off-by: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>