On zSeries machines there exists an interface which allows the operating
system to retrieve LPAR hypervisor accounting data. For example, it is
possible to get usage data for physical and virtual cpus. In order to
provide this information to user space programs, I implemented a new
virtual Linux file system named 's390_hypfs' using the Linux 2.6 libfs
framework. The name 's390_hypfs' stands for 'S390 Hypervisor Filesystem'.
All the accounting information is put into different virtual files which
can be accessed from user space. All data is represented as ASCII strings.
When the file system is mounted the accounting information is retrieved and
a file system tree is created with the attribute files containing the cpu
information. The content of the files remains unchanged until a new update
is made. An update can be triggered from user space through writing
'something' into a special purpose update file.
We create the following directory structure:
- update: File to trigger update
- cpus/: Directory for all physical cpus
- cpus/<cpu-id>/: Directory for one physical cpu.
- cpus/<cpu-id>/type: Type name of physical zSeries cpu.
- cpus/<cpu-id>/mgmtime: Physical-LPAR-management time in microseconds.
- hyp/: Directory for hypervisor information
- hyp/type: Typ of hypervisor (currently only 'LPAR Hypervisor')
- systems/: Directory for all LPARs
- systems/<lpar-name>/: Directory for one LPAR.
- systems/<lpar-name>/cpus/<cpu-id>/: Directory for the virtual cpus
- systems/<lpar-name>/cpus/<cpu-id>/type: Typ of cpu.
Accumulated number of microseconds during which a physical
CPU was assigned to the logical cpu and the cpu time was
consumed by the hypervisor and was not provided to
the LPAR (LPAR overhead).
Accumulated number of microseconds during which a physical CPU
was assigned to the logical cpu and the cpu time was consumed
by the LPAR.
Accumulated number of microseconds during which the logical CPU
has been online.
As mount point for the filesystem /sys/hypervisor/s390 is created.
The update process is triggered when writing 'something' into the
'update' file at the top level hypfs directory. You can do this e.g.
with 'echo 1 > update'. During the update the whole directory structure
is deleted and built up again.
Cc: Pekka Enberg <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Cc: Ingo Oeser <email@example.com>
Cc: Joern Engel <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Acked-by: Martin Schwidefsky <email@example.com>
Signed-off-by: Michael Holzheu <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <email@example.com>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <firstname.lastname@example.org>