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2017-11-02License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no licenseGreg Kroah-Hartman1-0/+1
Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license. By default all files without license information are under the default license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2. Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0' SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text. This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and Philippe Ombredanne. How this work was done: Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of the use cases: - file had no licensing information it it. - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it, - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information, Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords. The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files. The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s) to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was: - Files considered eligible had to be source code files. - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5 lines of source - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5 lines). All documentation files were explicitly excluded. The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license identifiers to apply. - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was considered to have no license information in it, and the top level COPYING file license applied. For non */uapi/* files that summary was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 11139 and resulted in the first patch in this series. If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930 and resulted in the second patch in this series. - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in it (per prior point). Results summary: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------ GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270 GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17 LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15 GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14 ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5 LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4 LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1 and that resulted in the third patch in this series. - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became the concluded license(s). - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a license but the other didn't, or they both detected different licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred. - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics). - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier, the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later in time. In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so they are related. Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks in about 15000 files. In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the correct identifier. Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch version early this week with: - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected license ids and scores - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+ files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the different types of files to be modified. These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to generate the patches. Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2011-11-17x86: Generate system call tables and unistd_*.h from tablesH. Peter Anvin1-10/+3
Generate system call tables and unistd_*.h automatically from the tables in arch/x86/syscalls. All other information, like NR_syscalls, is auto-generated, some of which is in asm-offsets_*.c. This allows us to keep all the system call information in one place, and allows for kernel space and user space to see different information; this is currently used for the ia32 system call numbers when building the 64-bit kernel, but will be used by the x32 ABI in the near future. This also removes some gratuitious differences between i386, x86-64 and ia32; in particular, now all system call tables are generated with the same mechanism. Cc: H. J. Lu <hjl.tools@gmail.com> Cc: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org> Cc: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
2008-10-22x86: Fix ASM_X86__ header guardsH. Peter Anvin1-3/+3
Change header guards named "ASM_X86__*" to "_ASM_X86_*" since: a. the double underscore is ugly and pointless. b. no leading underscore violates namespace constraints. Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
2008-10-22x86, um: ... and asm-x86 moveAl Viro1-0/+0
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
2008-07-22x86: consolidate header guardsVegard Nossum1-3/+3
This patch is the result of an automatic script that consolidates the format of all the headers in include/asm-x86/. The format: 1. No leading underscore. Names with leading underscores are reserved. 2. Pathname components are separated by two underscores. So we can distinguish between mm_types.h and mm/types.h. 3. Everything except letters and numbers are turned into single underscores. Signed-off-by: Vegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@gmail.com>
2008-01-30x86: remove more bogus filenames in comments.Dave Jones1-1/+1
Signed-off-by: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2007-10-11i386/x86_64: move headers to include/asm-x86Thomas Gleixner1-0/+0
Move the headers to include/asm-x86 and fixup the header install make rules Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2006-06-26[PATCH] x86_64: Remove most of ia32_unistd.hAndi Kleen1-305/+3
It's only needed for three system calls, no need to maintain a full list forever. Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-04-09[PATCH] x86_64: Eliminate IA32_NR_syscalls defineAndi Kleen1-2/+0
Or rather compute it based on the table length automatically. This also has the intended side effect of not warning for new system calls anymore. Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-04-09[PATCH] x86_64: fix CONFIG_REORDERSam Ravnborg1-1/+1
Fix CONFIG_REORDER. The value of cflags-y was assined to CFLAGS before cflags-y was assigned the value used for CONFIG_REORDER. Use cflags-y for all CFLAGS options in the Makefile to avoid this happening again. Signed-off-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org> Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-02-11[PATCH] fstatat64 supportUlrich Drepper1-1/+1
The *at patches introduced fstatat and, due to inusfficient research, I used the newfstat functions generally as the guideline. The result is that on 32-bit platforms we don't have all the information needed to implement fstatat64. This patch modifies the code to pass up 64-bit information if __ARCH_WANT_STAT64 is defined. I renamed the syscall entry point to make this clear. Other archs will continue to use the existing code. On x86-64 the compat code is implemented using a new sys32_ function. this is what is done for the other stat syscalls as well. This patch might break some other archs (those which define __ARCH_WANT_STAT64 and which already wired up the syscall). Yet others might need changes to accomodate the compatibility mode. I really don't want to do that work because all this stat handling is a mess (more so in glibc, but the kernel is also affected). It should be done by the arch maintainers. I'll provide some stand-alone test shortly. Those who are eager could compile glibc and run 'make check' (no installation needed). The patch below has been tested on x86 and x86-64. Signed-off-by: Ulrich Drepper <drepper@redhat.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@muc.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-02-08[PATCH] x86-64: Add sys_unshareAndi Kleen1-1/+4
Add unshare syscall for x86-64 ppoll/pselect are not ready yet, but add reservations. Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-02-01[PATCH] prototypes for *at functions & typo fixUlrich Drepper1-1/+1
Here's the follow-up patch which introduces the prototypes for the new syscalls. There was also a typo in one of the new symbols. Signed-off-by: Ulrich Drepper <drepper@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-01-18[PATCH] vfs: *at functions: x86_64Ulrich Drepper1-1/+14
Wire up the x86_64 syscalls. Signed-off-by: Ulrich Drepper <drepper@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-01-08[PATCH] Swap Migration V5: sys_migrate_pages interfaceChristoph Lameter1-1/+2
sys_migrate_pages implementation using swap based page migration This is the original API proposed by Ray Bryant in his posts during the first half of 2005 on linux-mm@kvack.org and linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org. The intent of sys_migrate is to migrate memory of a process. A process may have migrated to another node. Memory was allocated optimally for the prior context. sys_migrate_pages allows to shift the memory to the new node. sys_migrate_pages is also useful if the processes available memory nodes have changed through cpuset operations to manually move the processes memory. Paul Jackson is working on an automated mechanism that will allow an automatic migration if the cpuset of a process is changed. However, a user may decide to manually control the migration. This implementation is put into the policy layer since it uses concepts and functions that are also needed for mbind and friends. The patch also provides a do_migrate_pages function that may be useful for cpusets to automatically move memory. sys_migrate_pages does not modify policies in contrast to Ray's implementation. The current code here is based on the swap based page migration capability and thus is not able to preserve the physical layout relative to it containing nodeset (which may be a cpuset). When direct page migration becomes available then the implementation needs to be changed to do a isomorphic move of pages between different nodesets. The current implementation simply evicts all pages in source nodeset that are not in the target nodeset. Patch supports ia64, i386 and x86_64. Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-07-26[PATCH] inotify: add x86-64 syscall entriesRobert Love1-1/+6
Add inotify syscall entries to x86-64. Signed-off-by: Robert Love <rml@novell.com> Signed-off-by: John McCutchan <ttb@tentacle.dhs.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>