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2017-11-02License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no licenseGreg Kroah-Hartman2-0/+2
Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license. By default all files without license information are under the default license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2. Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0' SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text. This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and Philippe Ombredanne. How this work was done: Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of the use cases: - file had no licensing information it it. - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it, - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information, Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords. The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files. The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s) to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was: - Files considered eligible had to be source code files. - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5 lines of source - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5 lines). All documentation files were explicitly excluded. The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license identifiers to apply. - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was considered to have no license information in it, and the top level COPYING file license applied. For non */uapi/* files that summary was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 11139 and resulted in the first patch in this series. If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930 and resulted in the second patch in this series. - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in it (per prior point). Results summary: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------ GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270 GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17 LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15 GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14 ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5 LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4 LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1 and that resulted in the third patch in this series. - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became the concluded license(s). - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a license but the other didn't, or they both detected different licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred. - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics). - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier, the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later in time. In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so they are related. Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks in about 15000 files. In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the correct identifier. Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch version early this week with: - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected license ids and scores - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+ files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the different types of files to be modified. These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to generate the patches. Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2017-11-01ppp: Destroy the mutex when cleanupGao Feng1-0/+1
The mutex_destroy only makes sense when enable DEBUG_MUTEX. For the good readbility, it's better to invoke it in exit func when the init func invokes mutex_init. Signed-off-by: Gao Feng <gfree.wind@vip.163.com> Acked-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-10-29ppp: allow usage in namespacesMatteo Croce1-1/+1
Check for CAP_NET_ADMIN with ns_capable() instead of capable() to allow usage of ppp in user namespace other than the init one. Signed-off-by: Matteo Croce <mcroce@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-10-22drivers, net, ppp: convert syncppp.refcnt from atomic_t to refcount_tElena Reshetova1-5/+6
atomic_t variables are currently used to implement reference counters with the following properties: - counter is initialized to 1 using atomic_set() - a resource is freed upon counter reaching zero - once counter reaches zero, its further increments aren't allowed - counter schema uses basic atomic operations (set, inc, inc_not_zero, dec_and_test, etc.) Such atomic variables should be converted to a newly provided refcount_t type and API that prevents accidental counter overflows and underflows. This is important since overflows and underflows can lead to use-after-free situation and be exploitable. The variable syncppp.refcnt is used as pure reference counter. Convert it to refcount_t and fix up the operations. Suggested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Reviewed-by: David Windsor <dwindsor@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Hans Liljestrand <ishkamiel@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-10-22drivers, net, ppp: convert ppp_file.refcnt from atomic_t to refcount_tElena Reshetova1-10/+11
atomic_t variables are currently used to implement reference counters with the following properties: - counter is initialized to 1 using atomic_set() - a resource is freed upon counter reaching zero - once counter reaches zero, its further increments aren't allowed - counter schema uses basic atomic operations (set, inc, inc_not_zero, dec_and_test, etc.) Such atomic variables should be converted to a newly provided refcount_t type and API that prevents accidental counter overflows and underflows. This is important since overflows and underflows can lead to use-after-free situation and be exploitable. The variable ppp_file.refcnt is used as pure reference counter. Convert it to refcount_t and fix up the operations. Suggested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Reviewed-by: David Windsor <dwindsor@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Hans Liljestrand <ishkamiel@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-10-22drivers, net, ppp: convert asyncppp.refcnt from atomic_t to refcount_tElena Reshetova1-5/+5
atomic_t variables are currently used to implement reference counters with the following properties: - counter is initialized to 1 using atomic_set() - a resource is freed upon counter reaching zero - once counter reaches zero, its further increments aren't allowed - counter schema uses basic atomic operations (set, inc, inc_not_zero, dec_and_test, etc.) Such atomic variables should be converted to a newly provided refcount_t type and API that prevents accidental counter overflows and underflows. This is important since overflows and underflows can lead to use-after-free situation and be exploitable. The variable asyncppp.refcnt is used as pure reference counter. Convert it to refcount_t and fix up the operations. Suggested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Reviewed-by: David Windsor <dwindsor@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Hans Liljestrand <ishkamiel@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-10-06ppp: fix race in ppp device destructionGuillaume Nault1-0/+20
ppp_release() tries to ensure that netdevices are unregistered before decrementing the unit refcount and running ppp_destroy_interface(). This is all fine as long as the the device is unregistered by ppp_release(): the unregister_netdevice() call, followed by rtnl_unlock(), guarantee that the unregistration process completes before rtnl_unlock() returns. However, the device may be unregistered by other means (like ppp_nl_dellink()). If this happens right before ppp_release() calling rtnl_lock(), then ppp_release() has to wait for the concurrent unregistration code to release the lock. But rtnl_unlock() releases the lock before completing the device unregistration process. This allows ppp_release() to proceed and eventually call ppp_destroy_interface() before the unregistration process completes. Calling free_netdev() on this partially unregistered device will BUG(): ------------[ cut here ]------------ kernel BUG at net/core/dev.c:8141! invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP CPU: 1 PID: 1557 Comm: pppd Not tainted 4.14.0-rc2+ #4 Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.10.2-1.fc26 04/01/2014 Call Trace: ppp_destroy_interface+0xd8/0xe0 [ppp_generic] ppp_disconnect_channel+0xda/0x110 [ppp_generic] ppp_unregister_channel+0x5e/0x110 [ppp_generic] pppox_unbind_sock+0x23/0x30 [pppox] pppoe_connect+0x130/0x440 [pppoe] SYSC_connect+0x98/0x110 ? do_fcntl+0x2c0/0x5d0 SyS_connect+0xe/0x10 entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x1a/0xa5 RIP: free_netdev+0x107/0x110 RSP: ffffc28a40573d88 ---[ end trace ed294ff0cc40eeff ]--- We could set the ->needs_free_netdev flag on PPP devices and move the ppp_destroy_interface() logic in the ->priv_destructor() callback. But that'd be quite intrusive as we'd first need to unlink from the other channels and units that depend on the device (the ones that used the PPPIOCCONNECT and PPPIOCATTACH ioctls). Instead, we can just let the netdevice hold a reference on its ppp_file. This reference is dropped in ->priv_destructor(), at the very end of the unregistration process, so that neither ppp_release() nor ppp_disconnect_channel() can call ppp_destroy_interface() in the interim. Reported-by: Beniamino Galvani <bgalvani@redhat.com> Fixes: 8cb775bc0a34 ("ppp: fix device unregistration upon netns deletion") Signed-off-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-10-01ppp: fix __percpu annotationGuillaume Nault1-1/+1
Move sparse annotation right after pointer type. Fixes sparse warning: drivers/net/ppp/ppp_generic.c:1422:13: warning: incorrect type in initializer (different address spaces) drivers/net/ppp/ppp_generic.c:1422:13: expected void const [noderef] <asn:3>*__vpp_verify drivers/net/ppp/ppp_generic.c:1422:13: got int *<noident> ... Fixes: e5dadc65f9e0 ("ppp: Fix false xmit recursion detect with two ppp devices") Signed-off-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-08-08ppp: fix xmit recursion detection on ppp channelsGuillaume Nault1-8/+10
Commit e5dadc65f9e0 ("ppp: Fix false xmit recursion detect with two ppp devices") dropped the xmit_recursion counter incrementation in ppp_channel_push() and relied on ppp_xmit_process() for this task. But __ppp_channel_push() can also send packets directly (using the .start_xmit() channel callback), in which case the xmit_recursion counter isn't incremented anymore. If such packets get routed back to the parent ppp unit, ppp_xmit_process() won't notice the recursion and will call ppp_channel_push() on the same channel, effectively creating the deadlock situation that the xmit_recursion mechanism was supposed to prevent. This patch re-introduces the xmit_recursion counter incrementation in ppp_channel_push(). Since the xmit_recursion variable is now part of the parent ppp unit, incrementation is skipped if the channel doesn't have any. This is fine because only packets routed through the parent unit may enter the channel recursively. Finally, we have to ensure that pch->ppp is not going to be modified while executing ppp_channel_push(). Instead of taking this lock only while calling ppp_xmit_process(), we now have to hold it for the full ppp_channel_push() execution. This respects the ppp locks ordering which requires locking ->upl before ->downl. Fixes: e5dadc65f9e0 ("ppp: Fix false xmit recursion detect with two ppp devices") Signed-off-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-07-31ppp: Fix a scheduling-while-atomic bug in del_chanGao Feng1-1/+1
The PPTP set the pptp_sock_destruct as the sock's sk_destruct, it would trigger this bug when __sk_free is invoked in atomic context, because of the call path pptp_sock_destruct->del_chan->synchronize_rcu. Now move the synchronize_rcu to pptp_release from del_chan. This is the only one case which would free the sock and need the synchronize_rcu. The following is the panic I met with kernel 3.3.8, but this issue should exist in current kernel too according to the codes. BUG: scheduling while atomic __schedule_bug+0x5e/0x64 __schedule+0x55/0x580 ? ppp_unregister_channel+0x1cd5/0x1de0 [ppp_generic] ? dev_hard_start_xmit+0x423/0x530 ? sch_direct_xmit+0x73/0x170 __cond_resched+0x16/0x30 _cond_resched+0x22/0x30 wait_for_common+0x18/0x110 ? call_rcu_bh+0x10/0x10 wait_for_completion+0x12/0x20 wait_rcu_gp+0x34/0x40 ? wait_rcu_gp+0x40/0x40 synchronize_sched+0x1e/0x20 0xf8417298 0xf8417484 ? sock_queue_rcv_skb+0x109/0x130 __sk_free+0x16/0x110 ? udp_queue_rcv_skb+0x1f2/0x290 sk_free+0x16/0x20 __udp4_lib_rcv+0x3b8/0x650 Signed-off-by: Gao Feng <gfree.wind@vip.163.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-07-18ppp: Fix false xmit recursion detect with two ppp devicesGao Feng1-9/+21
The global percpu variable ppp_xmit_recursion is used to detect the ppp xmit recursion to avoid the deadlock, which is caused by one CPU tries to lock the xmit lock twice. But it would report false recursion when one CPU wants to send the skb from two different PPP devices, like one L2TP on the PPPoE. It is a normal case actually. Now use one percpu member of struct ppp instead of the gloable variable to detect the xmit recursion of one ppp device. Fixes: 55454a565836 ("ppp: avoid dealock on recursive xmit") Signed-off-by: Gao Feng <gfree.wind@vip.163.com> Signed-off-by: Liu Jianying <jianying.liu@ikuai8.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-06-26net: add netlink_ext_ack argument to rtnl_link_ops.validateMatthias Schiffer1-1/+2
Add support for extended error reporting. Signed-off-by: Matthias Schiffer <mschiffer@universe-factory.net> Acked-by: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-06-26net: add netlink_ext_ack argument to rtnl_link_ops.newlinkMatthias Schiffer1-1/+2
Add support for extended error reporting. Signed-off-by: Matthias Schiffer <mschiffer@universe-factory.net> Acked-by: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-06-20net: manual clean code which call skb_put_[data:zero]yuan linyu1-1/+1
Signed-off-by: yuan linyu <Linyu.Yuan@alcatel-sbell.com.cn> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-06-18pptp: Remove unused variable in pptp_release()Christos Gkekas1-2/+0
Variable opt in pptp_release() is set but never used, thus needs to be removed. Signed-off-by: Christos Gkekas <chris.gekas@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-06-16networking: make skb_push & __skb_push return void pointersJohannes Berg4-6/+6
It seems like a historic accident that these return unsigned char *, and in many places that means casts are required, more often than not. Make these functions return void * and remove all the casts across the tree, adding a (u8 *) cast only where the unsigned char pointer was used directly, all done with the following spatch: @@ expression SKB, LEN; typedef u8; identifier fn = { skb_push, __skb_push, skb_push_rcsum }; @@ - *(fn(SKB, LEN)) + *(u8 *)fn(SKB, LEN) @@ expression E, SKB, LEN; identifier fn = { skb_push, __skb_push, skb_push_rcsum }; type T; @@ - E = ((T *)(fn(SKB, LEN))) + E = fn(SKB, LEN) @@ expression SKB, LEN; identifier fn = { skb_push, __skb_push, skb_push_rcsum }; @@ - fn(SKB, LEN)[0] + *(u8 *)fn(SKB, LEN) Note that the last part there converts from push(...)[0] to the more idiomatic *(u8 *)push(...). Signed-off-by: Johannes Berg <johannes.berg@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-06-16networking: make skb_put & friends return void pointersJohannes Berg1-1/+1
It seems like a historic accident that these return unsigned char *, and in many places that means casts are required, more often than not. Make these functions (skb_put, __skb_put and pskb_put) return void * and remove all the casts across the tree, adding a (u8 *) cast only where the unsigned char pointer was used directly, all done with the following spatch: @@ expression SKB, LEN; typedef u8; identifier fn = { skb_put, __skb_put }; @@ - *(fn(SKB, LEN)) + *(u8 *)fn(SKB, LEN) @@ expression E, SKB, LEN; identifier fn = { skb_put, __skb_put }; type T; @@ - E = ((T *)(fn(SKB, LEN))) + E = fn(SKB, LEN) which actually doesn't cover pskb_put since there are only three users overall. A handful of stragglers were converted manually, notably a macro in drivers/isdn/i4l/isdn_bsdcomp.c and, oddly enough, one of the many instances in net/bluetooth/hci_sock.c. In the former file, I also had to fix one whitespace problem spatch introduced. Signed-off-by: Johannes Berg <johannes.berg@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-06-16networking: introduce and use skb_put_data()Johannes Berg2-4/+2
A common pattern with skb_put() is to just want to memcpy() some data into the new space, introduce skb_put_data() for this. An spatch similar to the one for skb_put_zero() converts many of the places using it: @@ identifier p, p2; expression len, skb, data; type t, t2; @@ ( -p = skb_put(skb, len); +p = skb_put_data(skb, data, len); | -p = (t)skb_put(skb, len); +p = skb_put_data(skb, data, len); ) ( p2 = (t2)p; -memcpy(p2, data, len); | -memcpy(p, data, len); ) @@ type t, t2; identifier p, p2; expression skb, data; @@ t *p; ... ( -p = skb_put(skb, sizeof(t)); +p = skb_put_data(skb, data, sizeof(t)); | -p = (t *)skb_put(skb, sizeof(t)); +p = skb_put_data(skb, data, sizeof(t)); ) ( p2 = (t2)p; -memcpy(p2, data, sizeof(*p)); | -memcpy(p, data, sizeof(*p)); ) @@ expression skb, len, data; @@ -memcpy(skb_put(skb, len), data, len); +skb_put_data(skb, data, len); (again, manually post-processed to retain some comments) Reviewed-by: Stephen Hemminger <stephen@networkplumber.org> Signed-off-by: Johannes Berg <johannes.berg@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-06-06ppp: mppe: Use vsnprintf extension %phNJoe Perches1-11/+4
Using this extension reduces the object size. $ size drivers/net/ppp/ppp_mppe.o* text data bss dec hex filename 5683 216 8 5907 1713 drivers/net/ppp/ppp_mppe.o.new 5808 216 8 6032 1790 drivers/net/ppp/ppp_mppe.o.old Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-06-01ppp: remove unnecessary bh disable in xmit pathGao Feng1-11/+11
Since the commit 55454a565836 ("ppp: avoid dealock on recursive xmit"), the PPP xmit path is protected by wrapper functions which disable the bh already. So it is unnecessary to disable the bh again in the real xmit path. Signed-off-by: Gao Feng <gfree.wind@vip.163.com> Acked-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-03-02sched/headers: Prepare to move signal wakeup & sigpending methods from <linux/sched.h> into <linux/sched/signal.h>Ingo Molnar1-0/+1
Fix up affected files that include this signal functionality via sched.h. Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2017-01-08net: make ndo_get_stats64 a void functionstephen hemminger1-3/+1
The network device operation for reading statistics is only called in one place, and it ignores the return value. Having a structure return value is potentially confusing because some future driver could incorrectly assume that the return value was used. Fix all drivers with ndo_get_stats64 to have a void function. Signed-off-by: Stephen Hemminger <sthemmin@microsoft.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-12-24Replace <asm/uaccess.h> with <linux/uaccess.h> globallyLinus Torvalds4-4/+4
This was entirely automated, using the script by Al: PATT='^[[:blank:]]*#[[:blank:]]*include[[:blank:]]*<asm/uaccess.h>' sed -i -e "s!$PATT!#include <linux/uaccess.h>!" \ $(git grep -l "$PATT"|grep -v ^include/linux/uaccess.h) to do the replacement at the end of the merge window. Requested-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-11-18netns: make struct pernet_operations::id unsigned intAlexey Dobriyan2-2/+2
Make struct pernet_operations::id unsigned. There are 2 reasons to do so: 1) This field is really an index into an zero based array and thus is unsigned entity. Using negative value is out-of-bound access by definition. 2) On x86_64 unsigned 32-bit data which are mixed with pointers via array indexing or offsets added or subtracted to pointers are preffered to signed 32-bit data. "int" being used as an array index needs to be sign-extended to 64-bit before being used. void f(long *p, int i) { g(p[i]); } roughly translates to movsx rsi, esi mov rdi, [rsi+...] call g MOVSX is 3 byte instruction which isn't necessary if the variable is unsigned because x86_64 is zero extending by default. Now, there is net_generic() function which, you guessed it right, uses "int" as an array index: static inline void *net_generic(const struct net *net, int id) { ... ptr = ng->ptr[id - 1]; ... } And this function is used a lot, so those sign extensions add up. Patch snipes ~1730 bytes on allyesconfig kernel (without all junk messing with code generation): add/remove: 0/0 grow/shrink: 70/598 up/down: 396/-2126 (-1730) Unfortunately some functions actually grow bigger. This is a semmingly random artefact of code generation with register allocator being used differently. gcc decides that some variable needs to live in new r8+ registers and every access now requires REX prefix. Or it is shifted into r12, so [r12+0] addressing mode has to be used which is longer than [r8] However, overall balance is in negative direction: add/remove: 0/0 grow/shrink: 70/598 up/down: 396/-2126 (-1730) function old new delta nfsd4_lock 3886 3959 +73 tipc_link_build_proto_msg 1096 1140 +44 mac80211_hwsim_new_radio 2776 2808 +32 tipc_mon_rcv 1032 1058 +26 svcauth_gss_legacy_init 1413 1429 +16 tipc_bcbase_select_primary 379 392 +13 nfsd4_exchange_id 1247 1260 +13 nfsd4_setclientid_confirm 782 793 +11 ... put_client_renew_locked 494 480 -14 ip_set_sockfn_get 730 716 -14 geneve_sock_add 829 813 -16 nfsd4_sequence_done 721 703 -18 nlmclnt_lookup_host 708 686 -22 nfsd4_lockt 1085 1063 -22 nfs_get_client 1077 1050 -27 tcf_bpf_init 1106 1076 -30 nfsd4_encode_fattr 5997 5930 -67 Total: Before=154856051, After=154854321, chg -0.00% Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-08-31ppp: declare PPP devices as LLTXGuillaume Nault1-0/+2
ppp_xmit_process() already locks the xmit path. If HARD_TX_LOCK() tries to hold the _xmit_lock we can get lock inversion. [ 973.726130] ====================================================== [ 973.727311] [ INFO: possible circular locking dependency detected ] [ 973.728546] 4.8.0-rc2 #1 Tainted: G O [ 973.728986] ------------------------------------------------------- [ 973.728986] accel-pppd/1806 is trying to acquire lock: [ 973.728986] (&qdisc_xmit_lock_key){+.-...}, at: [<ffffffff8146f6fe>] sch_direct_xmit+0x8d/0x221 [ 973.728986] [ 973.728986] but task is already holding lock: [ 973.728986] (l2tp_sock){+.-...}, at: [<ffffffffa0202c4a>] l2tp_xmit_skb+0x1e8/0x5d7 [l2tp_core] [ 973.728986] [ 973.728986] which lock already depends on the new lock. [ 973.728986] [ 973.728986] [ 973.728986] the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is: [ 973.728986] -> #3 (l2tp_sock){+.-...}: [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff810b3130>] lock_acquire+0x150/0x217 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff815752f4>] _raw_spin_lock+0x2d/0x3c [ 973.728986] [<ffffffffa0202c4a>] l2tp_xmit_skb+0x1e8/0x5d7 [l2tp_core] [ 973.728986] [<ffffffffa01b2466>] pppol2tp_xmit+0x1f2/0x25e [l2tp_ppp] [ 973.728986] [<ffffffffa0184f59>] ppp_channel_push+0xb5/0x14a [ppp_generic] [ 973.728986] [<ffffffffa01853ed>] ppp_write+0x104/0x11c [ppp_generic] [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff811b2ec6>] __vfs_write+0x56/0x120 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff811b3f4c>] vfs_write+0xbd/0x11b [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff811b4cb2>] SyS_write+0x5e/0x96 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff81575ba5>] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x18/0xa8 [ 973.728986] -> #2 (&(&pch->downl)->rlock){+.-...}: [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff810b3130>] lock_acquire+0x150/0x217 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff81575334>] _raw_spin_lock_bh+0x31/0x40 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffffa01808e2>] ppp_push+0xa7/0x82d [ppp_generic] [ 973.728986] [<ffffffffa0184675>] __ppp_xmit_process+0x48/0x877 [ppp_generic] [ 973.728986] [<ffffffffa018505b>] ppp_xmit_process+0x4b/0xaf [ppp_generic] [ 973.728986] [<ffffffffa01853f7>] ppp_write+0x10e/0x11c [ppp_generic] [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff811b2ec6>] __vfs_write+0x56/0x120 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff811b3f4c>] vfs_write+0xbd/0x11b [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff811b4cb2>] SyS_write+0x5e/0x96 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff81575ba5>] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x18/0xa8 [ 973.728986] -> #1 (&(&ppp->wlock)->rlock){+.-...}: [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff810b3130>] lock_acquire+0x150/0x217 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff81575334>] _raw_spin_lock_bh+0x31/0x40 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffffa0184654>] __ppp_xmit_process+0x27/0x877 [ppp_generic] [ 973.728986] [<ffffffffa018505b>] ppp_xmit_process+0x4b/0xaf [ppp_generic] [ 973.728986] [<ffffffffa01852da>] ppp_start_xmit+0x21b/0x22a [ppp_generic] [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff8143f767>] dev_hard_start_xmit+0x1a9/0x43d [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff8146f747>] sch_direct_xmit+0xd6/0x221 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff814401e4>] __dev_queue_xmit+0x62a/0x912 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff814404d7>] dev_queue_xmit+0xb/0xd [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff81449978>] neigh_direct_output+0xc/0xe [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff8150e62b>] ip6_finish_output2+0x5a9/0x623 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff81512128>] ip6_output+0x15e/0x16a [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff8153ef86>] dst_output+0x76/0x7f [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff8153f737>] mld_sendpack+0x335/0x404 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff81541c61>] mld_send_initial_cr.part.21+0x99/0xa2 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff8154441d>] ipv6_mc_dad_complete+0x42/0x71 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff8151c4bd>] addrconf_dad_completed+0x1cf/0x2ea [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff8151e4fa>] addrconf_dad_work+0x453/0x520 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff8107a393>] process_one_work+0x365/0x6f0 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff8107aecd>] worker_thread+0x2de/0x421 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff810816fb>] kthread+0x121/0x130 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff81575dbf>] ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x40 [ 973.728986] -> #0 (&qdisc_xmit_lock_key){+.-...}: [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff810b28d6>] __lock_acquire+0x1118/0x1483 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff810b3130>] lock_acquire+0x150/0x217 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff815752f4>] _raw_spin_lock+0x2d/0x3c [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff8146f6fe>] sch_direct_xmit+0x8d/0x221 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff814401e4>] __dev_queue_xmit+0x62a/0x912 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff814404d7>] dev_queue_xmit+0xb/0xd [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff81449978>] neigh_direct_output+0xc/0xe [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff81487811>] ip_finish_output2+0x5db/0x609 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff81489590>] ip_finish_output+0x152/0x15e [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff8148a0d4>] ip_output+0x8c/0x96 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff81489652>] ip_local_out+0x41/0x4a [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff81489e7d>] ip_queue_xmit+0x5a5/0x609 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffffa0202fe4>] l2tp_xmit_skb+0x582/0x5d7 [l2tp_core] [ 973.728986] [<ffffffffa01b2466>] pppol2tp_xmit+0x1f2/0x25e [l2tp_ppp] [ 973.728986] [<ffffffffa0184f59>] ppp_channel_push+0xb5/0x14a [ppp_generic] [ 973.728986] [<ffffffffa01853ed>] ppp_write+0x104/0x11c [ppp_generic] [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff811b2ec6>] __vfs_write+0x56/0x120 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff811b3f4c>] vfs_write+0xbd/0x11b [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff811b4cb2>] SyS_write+0x5e/0x96 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff81575ba5>] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x18/0xa8 [ 973.728986] [ 973.728986] other info that might help us debug this: [ 973.728986] [ 973.728986] Chain exists of: &qdisc_xmit_lock_key --> &(&pch->downl)->rlock --> l2tp_sock [ 973.728986] Possible unsafe locking scenario: [ 973.728986] [ 973.728986] CPU0 CPU1 [ 973.728986] ---- ---- [ 973.728986] lock(l2tp_sock); [ 973.728986] lock(&(&pch->downl)->rlock); [ 973.728986] lock(l2tp_sock); [ 973.728986] lock(&qdisc_xmit_lock_key); [ 973.728986] [ 973.728986] *** DEADLOCK *** [ 973.728986] [ 973.728986] 6 locks held by accel-pppd/1806: [ 973.728986] #0: (&(&pch->downl)->rlock){+.-...}, at: [<ffffffffa0184efa>] ppp_channel_push+0x56/0x14a [ppp_generic] [ 973.728986] #1: (l2tp_sock){+.-...}, at: [<ffffffffa0202c4a>] l2tp_xmit_skb+0x1e8/0x5d7 [l2tp_core] [ 973.728986] #2: (rcu_read_lock){......}, at: [<ffffffff81486981>] rcu_lock_acquire+0x0/0x20 [ 973.728986] #3: (rcu_read_lock_bh){......}, at: [<ffffffff81486981>] rcu_lock_acquire+0x0/0x20 [ 973.728986] #4: (rcu_read_lock_bh){......}, at: [<ffffffff814340e3>] rcu_lock_acquire+0x0/0x20 [ 973.728986] #5: (dev->qdisc_running_key ?: &qdisc_running_key#2){+.....}, at: [<ffffffff8144011e>] __dev_queue_xmit+0x564/0x912 [ 973.728986] [ 973.728986] stack backtrace: [ 973.728986] CPU: 2 PID: 1806 Comm: accel-pppd Tainted: G O 4.8.0-rc2 #1 [ 973.728986] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS Debian-1.8.2-1 04/01/2014 [ 973.728986] ffff7fffffffffff ffff88003436f850 ffffffff812a20f4 ffffffff82156e30 [ 973.728986] ffffffff82156920 ffff88003436f890 ffffffff8115c759 ffff88003344ae00 [ 973.728986] ffff88003344b5c0 0000000000000002 0000000000000006 ffff88003344b5e8 [ 973.728986] Call Trace: [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff812a20f4>] dump_stack+0x67/0x90 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff8115c759>] print_circular_bug+0x22e/0x23c [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff810b28d6>] __lock_acquire+0x1118/0x1483 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff810b3130>] lock_acquire+0x150/0x217 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff810b3130>] ? lock_acquire+0x150/0x217 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff8146f6fe>] ? sch_direct_xmit+0x8d/0x221 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff815752f4>] _raw_spin_lock+0x2d/0x3c [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff8146f6fe>] ? sch_direct_xmit+0x8d/0x221 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff8146f6fe>] sch_direct_xmit+0x8d/0x221 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff814401e4>] __dev_queue_xmit+0x62a/0x912 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff814404d7>] dev_queue_xmit+0xb/0xd [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff81449978>] neigh_direct_output+0xc/0xe [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff81487811>] ip_finish_output2+0x5db/0x609 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff81486853>] ? dst_mtu+0x29/0x2e [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff81489590>] ip_finish_output+0x152/0x15e [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff8148a0bc>] ? ip_output+0x74/0x96 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff8148a0d4>] ip_output+0x8c/0x96 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff81489652>] ip_local_out+0x41/0x4a [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff81489e7d>] ip_queue_xmit+0x5a5/0x609 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff814c559e>] ? udp_set_csum+0x207/0x21e [ 973.728986] [<ffffffffa0202fe4>] l2tp_xmit_skb+0x582/0x5d7 [l2tp_core] [ 973.728986] [<ffffffffa01b2466>] pppol2tp_xmit+0x1f2/0x25e [l2tp_ppp] [ 973.728986] [<ffffffffa0184f59>] ppp_channel_push+0xb5/0x14a [ppp_generic] [ 973.728986] [<ffffffffa01853ed>] ppp_write+0x104/0x11c [ppp_generic] [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff811b2ec6>] __vfs_write+0x56/0x120 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff8124c11d>] ? fsnotify_perm+0x27/0x95 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff8124d41d>] ? security_file_permission+0x4d/0x54 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff811b3f4c>] vfs_write+0xbd/0x11b [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff811b4cb2>] SyS_write+0x5e/0x96 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff81575ba5>] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x18/0xa8 [ 973.728986] [<ffffffff810ae0fa>] ? trace_hardirqs_off_caller+0x121/0x12f Signed-off-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-08-31ppp: avoid dealock on recursive xmitGuillaume Nault1-12/+40
In case of misconfiguration, a virtual PPP channel might send packets back to their parent PPP interface. This typically happens in misconfigured L2TP setups, where PPP's peer IP address is set with the IP of the L2TP peer. When that happens the system hangs due to PPP trying to recursively lock its xmit path. [ 243.332155] BUG: spinlock recursion on CPU#1, accel-pppd/926 [ 243.333272] lock: 0xffff880033d90f18, .magic: dead4ead, .owner: accel-pppd/926, .owner_cpu: 1 [ 243.334859] CPU: 1 PID: 926 Comm: accel-pppd Not tainted 4.8.0-rc2 #1 [ 243.336010] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS Debian-1.8.2-1 04/01/2014 [ 243.336018] ffff7fffffffffff ffff8800319a77a0 ffffffff8128de85 ffff880033d90f18 [ 243.336018] ffff880033ad8000 ffff8800319a77d8 ffffffff810ad7c0 ffffffff0000039e [ 243.336018] ffff880033d90f18 ffff880033d90f60 ffff880033d90f18 ffff880033d90f28 [ 243.336018] Call Trace: [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff8128de85>] dump_stack+0x4f/0x65 [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff810ad7c0>] spin_dump+0xe1/0xeb [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff810ad7f0>] spin_bug+0x26/0x28 [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff810ad8b9>] do_raw_spin_lock+0x5c/0x160 [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff815522aa>] _raw_spin_lock_bh+0x35/0x3c [ 243.336018] [<ffffffffa01a88e2>] ? ppp_push+0xa7/0x82d [ppp_generic] [ 243.336018] [<ffffffffa01a88e2>] ppp_push+0xa7/0x82d [ppp_generic] [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff810adada>] ? do_raw_spin_unlock+0xc2/0xcc [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff81084962>] ? preempt_count_sub+0x13/0xc7 [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff81552438>] ? _raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x34/0x49 [ 243.336018] [<ffffffffa01ac657>] ppp_xmit_process+0x48/0x877 [ppp_generic] [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff81084962>] ? preempt_count_sub+0x13/0xc7 [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff81408cd3>] ? skb_queue_tail+0x71/0x7c [ 243.336018] [<ffffffffa01ad1c5>] ppp_start_xmit+0x21b/0x22a [ppp_generic] [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff81426af1>] dev_hard_start_xmit+0x15e/0x32c [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff81454ed7>] sch_direct_xmit+0xd6/0x221 [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff814273a8>] __dev_queue_xmit+0x52a/0x820 [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff814276a9>] dev_queue_xmit+0xb/0xd [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff81430a3c>] neigh_direct_output+0xc/0xe [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff8146b5d7>] ip_finish_output2+0x4d2/0x548 [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff8146a8e6>] ? dst_mtu+0x29/0x2e [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff8146d49c>] ip_finish_output+0x152/0x15e [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff8146df84>] ? ip_output+0x74/0x96 [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff8146df9c>] ip_output+0x8c/0x96 [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff8146d55e>] ip_local_out+0x41/0x4a [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff8146dd15>] ip_queue_xmit+0x531/0x5c5 [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff814a82cd>] ? udp_set_csum+0x207/0x21e [ 243.336018] [<ffffffffa01f2f04>] l2tp_xmit_skb+0x582/0x5d7 [l2tp_core] [ 243.336018] [<ffffffffa01ea458>] pppol2tp_xmit+0x1eb/0x257 [l2tp_ppp] [ 243.336018] [<ffffffffa01acf17>] ppp_channel_push+0x91/0x102 [ppp_generic] [ 243.336018] [<ffffffffa01ad2d8>] ppp_write+0x104/0x11c [ppp_generic] [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff811a3c1e>] __vfs_write+0x56/0x120 [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff81239801>] ? fsnotify_perm+0x27/0x95 [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff8123ab01>] ? security_file_permission+0x4d/0x54 [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff811a4ca4>] vfs_write+0xbd/0x11b [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff811a5a0a>] SyS_write+0x5e/0x96 [ 243.336018] [<ffffffff81552a1b>] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x13/0x94 The main entry points for sending packets over a PPP unit are the .write() and .ndo_start_xmit() callbacks (simplified view): .write(unit fd) or .ndo_start_xmit() \ CALL ppp_xmit_process() \ LOCK unit's xmit path (ppp->wlock) | CALL ppp_push() \ LOCK channel's xmit path (chan->downl) | CALL lower layer's .start_xmit() callback \ ... might recursively call .ndo_start_xmit() ... / RETURN from .start_xmit() | UNLOCK channel's xmit path / RETURN from ppp_push() | UNLOCK unit's xmit path / RETURN from ppp_xmit_process() Packets can also be directly sent on channels (e.g. LCP packets): .write(channel fd) or ppp_output_wakeup() \ CALL ppp_channel_push() \ LOCK channel's xmit path (chan->downl) | CALL lower layer's .start_xmit() callback \ ... might call .ndo_start_xmit() ... / RETURN from .start_xmit() | UNLOCK channel's xmit path / RETURN from ppp_channel_push() Key points about the lower layer's .start_xmit() callback: * It can be called directly by a channel fd .write() or by ppp_output_wakeup() or indirectly by a unit fd .write() or by .ndo_start_xmit(). * In any case, it's always called with chan->downl held. * It might route the packet back to its parent unit using .ndo_start_xmit() as entry point. This patch detects and breaks recursion in ppp_xmit_process(). This function is a good candidate for the task because it's called early enough after .ndo_start_xmit(), it's always part of the recursion loop and it's on the path of whatever entry point is used to send a packet on a PPP unit. Recursion detection is done using the per-cpu ppp_xmit_recursion variable. Since ppp_channel_push() too locks the channel's xmit path and calls the lower layer's .start_xmit() callback, we need to also increment ppp_xmit_recursion there. However there's no need to check for recursion, as it's out of the recursion loop. Reported-by: Feng Gao <gfree.wind@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-08-15pptp: Refactor the struct and macros of PPTP codesGao Feng1-15/+13
1. Use struct gre_base_hdr directly in pptp_gre_header instead of duplicated members; 2. Use existing macros like GRE_KEY, GRE_SEQ, and so on instead of duplicated macros defined by PPTP; 3. Add new macros like GRE_IS_ACK/SEQ and so on instead of PPTP_GRE_IS_A/S and so on; Signed-off-by: Gao Feng <fgao@ikuai8.com> Reviewed-by: Philip Prindeville <philipp@redfish-solutions.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-08-10rps: Inspect PPTP encapsulated by GRE to get flow hashGao Feng1-35/+1
The PPTP is encapsulated by GRE header with that GRE_VERSION bits must contain one. But current GRE RPS needs the GRE_VERSION must be zero. So RPS does not work for PPTP traffic. In my test environment, there are four MIPS cores, and all traffic are passed through by PPTP. As a result, only one core is 100% busy while other three cores are very idle. After this patch, the usage of four cores are balanced well. Signed-off-by: Gao Feng <fgao@ikuai8.com> Reviewed-by: Philip Prindeville <philipp@redfish-solutions.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-08-09ppp: build ifname using unit identifier for rtnl based devicesGuillaume Nault1-0/+9
Userspace programs generally need to know the name of the ppp devices they create. Both ioctl and rtnl interfaces use the ppp<suffix> sheme to name them. But although the suffix used by the ioctl interface can be known by userspace (it's the PPP unit identifier returned by the PPPIOCGUNIT ioctl), the one used by the rtnl is only known by the kernel. This patch brings more consistency between ioctl and rtnl based ppp devices by generating device names using the PPP unit identifer as suffix in both cases. This way, userspace can always infer the name of the devices they create. Signed-off-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-07-08ppp: defer netns reference release for ppp channelWANG Cong1-2/+3
Matt reported that we have a NULL pointer dereference in ppp_pernet() from ppp_connect_channel(), i.e. pch->chan_net is NULL. This is due to that a parallel ppp_unregister_channel() could happen while we are in ppp_connect_channel(), during which pch->chan_net set to NULL. Since we need a reference to net per channel, it makes sense to sync the refcnt with the life time of the channel, therefore we should release this reference when we destroy it. Fixes: 1f461dcdd296 ("ppp: take reference on channels netns") Reported-by: Matt Bennett <Matt.Bennett@alliedtelesis.co.nz> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: linux-ppp@vger.kernel.org Cc: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Cc: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@openvz.org> Signed-off-by: Cong Wang <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@openvz.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-06-09net: add netdev_lockdep_set_classes() helperEric Dumazet1-5/+1
It is time to add netdev_lockdep_set_classes() helper so that lockdep annotations per device type are easier to manage. This removes a lot of copies and missing annotations. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-06-07net_sched: transform qdisc running bit into a seqcountEric Dumazet1-0/+3
Instead of using a single bit (__QDISC___STATE_RUNNING) in sch->__state, use a seqcount. This adds lockdep support, but more importantly it will allow us to sample qdisc/class statistics without having to grab qdisc root lock. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Cc: Cong Wang <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com> Cc: Jamal Hadi Salim <jhs@mojatatu.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-04-29ppp: add rtnetlink device creation supportGuillaume Nault1-3/+112
Define PPP device handler for use with rtnetlink. The only PPP specific attribute is IFLA_PPP_DEV_FD. It is mandatory and contains the file descriptor of the associated /dev/ppp instance (the file descriptor which would have been used for ioctl(PPPIOCNEWUNIT) in the ioctl-based API). The PPP device is removed when this file descriptor is released (same behaviour as with ioctl based PPP devices). PPP devices created with the rtnetlink API behave like the ones created with ioctl(PPPIOCNEWUNIT). In particular existing ioctls work the same way, no matter how the PPP device was created. The rtnl callbacks are also assigned to ioctl based PPP devices. This way, rtnl messages have the same effect on any PPP devices. The immediate effect is that all PPP devices, even ioctl-based ones, can now be removed with "ip link del". A minor difference still exists between ioctl and rtnl based PPP interfaces: in the device name, the number following the "ppp" prefix corresponds to the PPP unit number for ioctl based devices, while it is just an unrelated incrementing index for rtnl ones. Signed-off-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-04-29ppp: define reusable device creation functionsGuillaume Nault1-88/+118
Move PPP device initialisation and registration out of ppp_create_interface(). This prepares code for device registration with rtnetlink. While there, simplify the prototype of ppp_create_interface(): * Since ppp_dev_configure() takes care of setting file->private_data, there's no need to return a ppp structure to ppp_unattached_ioctl() anymore. * The unit parameter is made read/write so that ppp_create_interface() can tell which unit number has been assigned. Signed-off-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-03-23ppp: take reference on channels netnsGuillaume Nault1-1/+3
Let channels hold a reference on their network namespace. Some channel types, like ppp_async and ppp_synctty, can have their userspace controller running in a different namespace. Therefore they can't rely on them to preclude their netns from being removed from under them. ================================================================== BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in ppp_unregister_channel+0x372/0x3a0 at addr ffff880064e217e0 Read of size 8 by task syz-executor/11581 ============================================================================= BUG net_namespace (Not tainted): kasan: bad access detected ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Disabling lock debugging due to kernel taint INFO: Allocated in copy_net_ns+0x6b/0x1a0 age=92569 cpu=3 pid=6906 [< none >] ___slab_alloc+0x4c7/0x500 kernel/mm/slub.c:2440 [< none >] __slab_alloc+0x4c/0x90 kernel/mm/slub.c:2469 [< inline >] slab_alloc_node kernel/mm/slub.c:2532 [< inline >] slab_alloc kernel/mm/slub.c:2574 [< none >] kmem_cache_alloc+0x23a/0x2b0 kernel/mm/slub.c:2579 [< inline >] kmem_cache_zalloc kernel/include/linux/slab.h:597 [< inline >] net_alloc kernel/net/core/net_namespace.c:325 [< none >] copy_net_ns+0x6b/0x1a0 kernel/net/core/net_namespace.c:360 [< none >] create_new_namespaces+0x2f6/0x610 kernel/kernel/nsproxy.c:95 [< none >] copy_namespaces+0x297/0x320 kernel/kernel/nsproxy.c:150 [< none >] copy_process.part.35+0x1bf4/0x5760 kernel/kernel/fork.c:1451 [< inline >] copy_process kernel/kernel/fork.c:1274 [< none >] _do_fork+0x1bc/0xcb0 kernel/kernel/fork.c:1723 [< inline >] SYSC_clone kernel/kernel/fork.c:1832 [< none >] SyS_clone+0x37/0x50 kernel/kernel/fork.c:1826 [< none >] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x16/0x7a kernel/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:185 INFO: Freed in net_drop_ns+0x67/0x80 age=575 cpu=2 pid=2631 [< none >] __slab_free+0x1fc/0x320 kernel/mm/slub.c:2650 [< inline >] slab_free kernel/mm/slub.c:2805 [< none >] kmem_cache_free+0x2a0/0x330 kernel/mm/slub.c:2814 [< inline >] net_free kernel/net/core/net_namespace.c:341 [< none >] net_drop_ns+0x67/0x80 kernel/net/core/net_namespace.c:348 [< none >] cleanup_net+0x4e5/0x600 kernel/net/core/net_namespace.c:448 [< none >] process_one_work+0x794/0x1440 kernel/kernel/workqueue.c:2036 [< none >] worker_thread+0xdb/0xfc0 kernel/kernel/workqueue.c:2170 [< none >] kthread+0x23f/0x2d0 kernel/drivers/block/aoe/aoecmd.c:1303 [< none >] ret_from_fork+0x3f/0x70 kernel/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:468 INFO: Slab 0xffffea0001938800 objects=3 used=0 fp=0xffff880064e20000 flags=0x5fffc0000004080 INFO: Object 0xffff880064e20000 @offset=0 fp=0xffff880064e24200 CPU: 1 PID: 11581 Comm: syz-executor Tainted: G B 4.4.0+ Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS rel-1.8.2-0-g33fbe13 by qemu-project.org 04/01/2014 00000000ffffffff ffff8800662c7790 ffffffff8292049d ffff88003e36a300 ffff880064e20000 ffff880064e20000 ffff8800662c77c0 ffffffff816f2054 ffff88003e36a300 ffffea0001938800 ffff880064e20000 0000000000000000 Call Trace: [< inline >] __dump_stack kernel/lib/dump_stack.c:15 [<ffffffff8292049d>] dump_stack+0x6f/0xa2 kernel/lib/dump_stack.c:50 [<ffffffff816f2054>] print_trailer+0xf4/0x150 kernel/mm/slub.c:654 [<ffffffff816f875f>] object_err+0x2f/0x40 kernel/mm/slub.c:661 [< inline >] print_address_description kernel/mm/kasan/report.c:138 [<ffffffff816fb0c5>] kasan_report_error+0x215/0x530 kernel/mm/kasan/report.c:236 [< inline >] kasan_report kernel/mm/kasan/report.c:259 [<ffffffff816fb4de>] __asan_report_load8_noabort+0x3e/0x40 kernel/mm/kasan/report.c:280 [< inline >] ? ppp_pernet kernel/include/linux/compiler.h:218 [<ffffffff83ad71b2>] ? ppp_unregister_channel+0x372/0x3a0 kernel/drivers/net/ppp/ppp_generic.c:2392 [< inline >] ppp_pernet kernel/include/linux/compiler.h:218 [<ffffffff83ad71b2>] ppp_unregister_channel+0x372/0x3a0 kernel/drivers/net/ppp/ppp_generic.c:2392 [< inline >] ? ppp_pernet kernel/drivers/net/ppp/ppp_generic.c:293 [<ffffffff83ad6f26>] ? ppp_unregister_channel+0xe6/0x3a0 kernel/drivers/net/ppp/ppp_generic.c:2392 [<ffffffff83ae18f3>] ppp_asynctty_close+0xa3/0x130 kernel/drivers/net/ppp/ppp_async.c:241 [<ffffffff83ae1850>] ? async_lcp_peek+0x5b0/0x5b0 kernel/drivers/net/ppp/ppp_async.c:1000 [<ffffffff82c33239>] tty_ldisc_close.isra.1+0x99/0xe0 kernel/drivers/tty/tty_ldisc.c:478 [<ffffffff82c332c0>] tty_ldisc_kill+0x40/0x170 kernel/drivers/tty/tty_ldisc.c:744 [<ffffffff82c34943>] tty_ldisc_release+0x1b3/0x260 kernel/drivers/tty/tty_ldisc.c:772 [<ffffffff82c1ef21>] tty_release+0xac1/0x13e0 kernel/drivers/tty/tty_io.c:1901 [<ffffffff82c1e460>] ? release_tty+0x320/0x320 kernel/drivers/tty/tty_io.c:1688 [<ffffffff8174de36>] __fput+0x236/0x780 kernel/fs/file_table.c:208 [<ffffffff8174e405>] ____fput+0x15/0x20 kernel/fs/file_table.c:244 [<ffffffff813595ab>] task_work_run+0x16b/0x200 kernel/kernel/task_work.c:115 [< inline >] exit_task_work kernel/include/linux/task_work.h:21 [<ffffffff81307105>] do_exit+0x8b5/0x2c60 kernel/kernel/exit.c:750 [<ffffffff813fdd20>] ? debug_check_no_locks_freed+0x290/0x290 kernel/kernel/locking/lockdep.c:4123 [<ffffffff81306850>] ? mm_update_next_owner+0x6f0/0x6f0 kernel/kernel/exit.c:357 [<ffffffff813215e6>] ? __dequeue_signal+0x136/0x470 kernel/kernel/signal.c:550 [<ffffffff8132067b>] ? recalc_sigpending_tsk+0x13b/0x180 kernel/kernel/signal.c:145 [<ffffffff81309628>] do_group_exit+0x108/0x330 kernel/kernel/exit.c:880 [<ffffffff8132b9d4>] get_signal+0x5e4/0x14f0 kernel/kernel/signal.c:2307 [< inline >] ? kretprobe_table_lock kernel/kernel/kprobes.c:1113 [<ffffffff8151d355>] ? kprobe_flush_task+0xb5/0x450 kernel/kernel/kprobes.c:1158 [<ffffffff8115f7d3>] do_signal+0x83/0x1c90 kernel/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c:712 [<ffffffff8151d2a0>] ? recycle_rp_inst+0x310/0x310 kernel/include/linux/list.h:655 [<ffffffff8115f750>] ? setup_sigcontext+0x780/0x780 kernel/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c:165 [<ffffffff81380864>] ? finish_task_switch+0x424/0x5f0 kernel/kernel/sched/core.c:2692 [< inline >] ? finish_lock_switch kernel/kernel/sched/sched.h:1099 [<ffffffff81380560>] ? finish_task_switch+0x120/0x5f0 kernel/kernel/sched/core.c:2678 [< inline >] ? context_switch kernel/kernel/sched/core.c:2807 [<ffffffff85d794e9>] ? __schedule+0x919/0x1bd0 kernel/kernel/sched/core.c:3283 [<ffffffff81003901>] exit_to_usermode_loop+0xf1/0x1a0 kernel/arch/x86/entry/common.c:247 [< inline >] prepare_exit_to_usermode kernel/arch/x86/entry/common.c:282 [<ffffffff810062ef>] syscall_return_slowpath+0x19f/0x210 kernel/arch/x86/entry/common.c:344 [<ffffffff85d88022>] int_ret_from_sys_call+0x25/0x9f kernel/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:281 Memory state around the buggy address: ffff880064e21680: fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb ffff880064e21700: fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb >ffff880064e21780: fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb ^ ffff880064e21800: fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb ffff880064e21880: fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb ================================================================== Fixes: 273ec51dd7ce ("net: ppp_generic - introduce net-namespace functionality v2") Reported-by: Baozeng Ding <sploving1@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Reviewed-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@openvz.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-03-16ppp: ensure file->private_data can't be overriddenGuillaume Nault1-14/+17
Locking ppp_mutex must be done before dereferencing file->private_data, otherwise it could be modified before ppp_unattached_ioctl() takes the lock. This could lead ppp_unattached_ioctl() to override ->private_data, thus leaking reference to the ppp_file previously pointed to. v2: lock all ppp_ioctl() instead of just checking private_data in ppp_unattached_ioctl(), to avoid ambiguous behaviour. Fixes: f3ff8a4d80e8 ("ppp: push BKL down into the driver") Signed-off-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-03-07ppp: release rtnl mutex when interface creation failsGuillaume Nault1-0/+1
Add missing rtnl_unlock() in the error path of ppp_create_interface(). Fixes: 58a89ecaca53 ("ppp: fix lockdep splat in ppp_dev_uninit()") Signed-off-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-03-01ppp: lock ppp->flags in ppp_read() and ppp_poll()Guillaume Nault1-1/+9
ppp_read() and ppp_poll() can be called concurrently with ppp_ioctl(). In this case, ppp_ioctl() might call ppp_ccp_closed(), which may update ppp->flags while ppp_read() or ppp_poll() is reading it. The update done by ppp_ccp_closed() isn't atomic due to the bit mask operation ('ppp->flags &= ~(SC_CCP_OPEN | SC_CCP_UP)'), so concurrent readers might get transient values. Reading incorrect ppp->flags may disturb the 'ppp->flags & SC_LOOP_TRAFFIC' test in ppp_read() and ppp_poll(), which in turn can lead to improper decision on whether the PPP unit file is ready for reading or not. Since ppp_ccp_closed() is protected by the Rx and Tx locks (with ppp_lock()), taking the Rx lock is enough for ppp_read() and ppp_poll() to guarantee that ppp_ccp_closed() won't update ppp->flags concurrently. The same reasoning applies to ppp->n_channels. The 'n_channels' field can also be written to concurrently by ppp_ioctl() (through ppp_connect_channel() or ppp_disconnect_channel()). These writes aren't atomic (simple increment/decrement), but are protected by both the Rx and Tx locks (like in the ppp->flags case). So holding the Rx lock before reading ppp->n_channels also prevents concurrent writes. Signed-off-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-02-24ppp: clarify parsing of user supplied data in ppp_set_compress()Guillaume Nault1-5/+7
* Split big conditional statement. * Check (data.length <= CCP_MAX_OPTION_LENGTH) only once. * Don't read ccp_option[1] if not initialised. Reading uninitialised ccp_option[1] was harmless, because this could only happen when data.length was 0 or 1. So even then, we couldn't pass the (ccp_option[1] < 2 || ccp_option[1] > data.length) test anyway. Signed-off-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-02-17pppoe: fix reference counting in PPPoE proxyGuillaume Nault1-0/+2
Drop reference on the relay_po socket when __pppoe_xmit() succeeds. This is already handled correctly in the error path. Signed-off-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-01-27ppp_mppe: Use skcipher and ahashHerbert Xu1-41/+58
This patch replaces uses of blkcipher with skcipher, and the long obsolete hash interface with ahash. This is a bug-for-bug conversion and no attempt has been made to fix bugs such as the ignored return values of the crypto operations. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2016-01-24pptp: fix illegal memory access caused by multiple bind()sHannes Frederic Sowa1-10/+24
Several times already this has been reported as kasan reports caused by syzkaller and trinity and people always looked at RCU races, but it is much more simple. :) In case we bind a pptp socket multiple times, we simply add it to the callid_sock list but don't remove the old binding. Thus the old socket stays in the bucket with unused call_id indexes and doesn't get cleaned up. This causes various forms of kasan reports which were hard to pinpoint. Simply don't allow multiple binds and correct error handling in pptp_bind. Also keep sk_state bits in place in pptp_connect. Fixes: 00959ade36acad ("PPTP: PPP over IPv4 (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol)") Cc: Dmitry Kozlov <xeb@mail.ru> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Reported-by: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Dave Jones <davej@codemonkey.org.uk> Reported-by: Dave Jones <davej@codemonkey.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Hannes Frederic Sowa <hannes@stressinduktion.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-12-15pptp: verify sockaddr_len in pptp_bind() and pptp_connect()WANG Cong1-0/+6
Reported-by: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Cong Wang <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-12-14ppp: declare ppp devices as enumerated interfacesGuillaume Nault1-2/+1
Let user space be aware of the naming scheme used by ppp interfaces (visible in /sys/class/net/<iface>/name_assign_type). Signed-off-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-12-14ppp: define "ppp" device typeGuillaume Nault1-0/+6
Let PPP devices be identified as such in /sys/class/net/<iface>/uevent. Signed-off-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-12-04pppoe: fix memory corruption in padt work structureGuillaume Nault1-4/+10
pppoe_connect() mustn't touch the padt_work field of pppoe sockets because that work could be already pending. [ 21.473147] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 00000004 [ 21.474523] IP: [<c1043177>] process_one_work+0x29/0x31c [ 21.475164] *pde = 00000000 [ 21.475513] Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP [ 21.475910] Modules linked in: pppoe pppox ppp_generic slhc crc32c_intel aesni_intel virtio_net xts aes_i586 lrw gf128mul ablk_helper cryptd evdev acpi_cpufreq processor serio_raw button ext4 crc16 mbcache jbd2 virtio_blk virtio_pci virtio_ring virtio [ 21.476168] CPU: 2 PID: 164 Comm: kworker/2:2 Not tainted 4.4.0-rc1 #1 [ 21.476168] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS Debian-1.8.2-1 04/01/2014 [ 21.476168] task: f5f83c00 ti: f5e28000 task.ti: f5e28000 [ 21.476168] EIP: 0060:[<c1043177>] EFLAGS: 00010046 CPU: 2 [ 21.476168] EIP is at process_one_work+0x29/0x31c [ 21.484082] EAX: 00000000 EBX: f678b2a0 ECX: 00000004 EDX: 00000000 [ 21.484082] ESI: f6c69940 EDI: f5e29ef0 EBP: f5e29f0c ESP: f5e29edc [ 21.484082] DS: 007b ES: 007b FS: 00d8 GS: 0000 SS: 0068 [ 21.484082] CR0: 80050033 CR2: 000000a4 CR3: 317ad000 CR4: 00040690 [ 21.484082] Stack: [ 21.484082] 00000000 f6c69950 00000000 f6c69940 c0042338 f5e29f0c c1327945 00000000 [ 21.484082] 00000008 f678b2a0 f6c69940 f678b2b8 f5e29f30 c1043984 f5f83c00 f6c69970 [ 21.484082] f678b2a0 c10437d3 f6775e80 f678b2a0 c10437d3 f5e29fac c1047059 f5e29f74 [ 21.484082] Call Trace: [ 21.484082] [<c1327945>] ? _raw_spin_lock_irq+0x28/0x30 [ 21.484082] [<c1043984>] worker_thread+0x1b1/0x244 [ 21.484082] [<c10437d3>] ? rescuer_thread+0x229/0x229 [ 21.484082] [<c10437d3>] ? rescuer_thread+0x229/0x229 [ 21.484082] [<c1047059>] kthread+0x8f/0x94 [ 21.484082] [<c1327a32>] ? _raw_spin_unlock_irq+0x22/0x26 [ 21.484082] [<c1327ee9>] ret_from_kernel_thread+0x21/0x38 [ 21.484082] [<c1046fca>] ? kthread_parkme+0x19/0x19 [ 21.496082] Code: 5d c3 55 89 e5 57 56 53 89 c3 83 ec 24 89 d0 89 55 e0 8d 7d e4 e8 6c d8 ff ff b9 04 00 00 00 89 45 d8 8b 43 24 89 45 dc 8b 45 d8 <8b> 40 04 8b 80 e0 00 00 00 c1 e8 05 24 01 88 45 d7 8b 45 e0 8d [ 21.496082] EIP: [<c1043177>] process_one_work+0x29/0x31c SS:ESP 0068:f5e29edc [ 21.496082] CR2: 0000000000000004 [ 21.496082] ---[ end trace e362cc9cf10dae89 ]--- Reported-by: Andrew <nitr0@seti.kr.ua> Fixes: 287f3a943fef ("pppoe: Use workqueue to die properly when a PADT is received") Signed-off-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-12-03pppox: use standard module auto-loading featureGuillaume Nault3-2/+4
* Register PF_PPPOX with pppox module rather than with pppoe, so that pppoe doesn't get loaded for any PF_PPPOX socket. * Register PX_PROTO_* with standard MODULE_ALIAS_NET_PF_PROTO() instead of using pppox's own naming scheme. * While there, add auto-loading feature for pptp. Signed-off-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-11-20ppp: remove PPPOX_ZOMBIE socket stateGuillaume Nault2-3/+3
PPPOX_ZOMBIE is never set anymore. Signed-off-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-11-20ppp: don't set sk_state to PPPOX_ZOMBIE in pppoe_disc_rcv()Guillaume Nault1-20/+2
Since 287f3a943fef ("pppoe: Use workqueue to die properly when a PADT is received"), pppoe_disc_rcv() disconnects the socket by scheduling pppoe_unbind_sock_work(). This is enough to stop socket transmission and makes the PPPOX_ZOMBIE state uncessary. Signed-off-by: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-11-02ppp, slip: Validate VJ compression slot parameters completelyBen Hutchings1-4/+2
Currently slhc_init() treats out-of-range values of rslots and tslots as equivalent to 0, except that if tslots is too large it will dereference a null pointer (CVE-2015-7799). Add a range-check at the top of the function and make it return an ERR_PTR() on error instead of NULL. Change the callers accordingly. Compile-tested only. Reported-by: 郭永刚 <guoyonggang@360.cn> References: http://article.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.oss.general/17908 Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben@decadent.org.uk> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>