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2008-12-25crypto: aes - Precompute tablesHerbert Xu1-4/+4
The tables used by the various AES algorithms are currently computed at run-time. This has created an init ordering problem because some AES algorithms may be registered before the tables have been initialised. This patch gets around this whole thing by precomputing the tables. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-12-25crypto: hash - Export shash through hashHerbert Xu2-0/+8
This patch allows shash algorithms to be used through the old hash interface. This is a transitional measure so we can convert the underlying algorithms to shash before converting the users across. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-12-25crypto: hash - Add import/export interfaceHerbert Xu2-5/+21
It is often useful to save the partial state of a hash function so that it can be used as a base for two or more computations. The most prominent example is HMAC where all hashes start from a base determined by the key. Having an import/export interface means that we only have to compute that base once rather than for each message. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-12-25crypto: hash - Add shash interfaceHerbert Xu2-0/+112
The shash interface replaces the current synchronous hash interface. It improves over hash in two ways. Firstly shash is reentrant, meaning that the same tfm may be used by two threads simultaneously as all hashing state is stored in a local descriptor. The other enhancement is that shash no longer takes scatter list entries. This is because shash is specifically designed for synchronous algorithms and as such scatter lists are unnecessary. All existing hash users will be converted to shash once the algorithms have been completely converted. There is also a new finup function that combines update with final. This will be extended to ahash once the algorithm conversion is done. This is also the first time that an algorithm type has their own registration function. Existing algorithm types will be converted to this way in due course. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-12-25crypto: api - Rebirth of crypto_alloc_tfmHerbert Xu1-0/+10
This patch reintroduces a completely revamped crypto_alloc_tfm. The biggest change is that we now take two crypto_type objects when allocating a tfm, a frontend and a backend. In fact this simply formalises what we've been doing behind the API's back. For example, as it stands crypto_alloc_ahash may use an actual ahash algorithm or a crypto_hash algorithm. Putting this in the API allows us to do this much more cleanly. The existing types will be converted across gradually. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-12-25crypto: api - Move type exit function into crypto_tfmHerbert Xu1-1/+0
The type exit function needs to undo any allocations done by the type init function. However, the type init function may differ depending on the upper-level type of the transform (e.g., a crypto_blkcipher instantiated as a crypto_ablkcipher). So we need to move the exit function out of the lower-level structure and into crypto_tfm itself. As it stands this is a no-op since nobody uses exit functions at all. However, all cases where a lower-level type is instantiated as a different upper-level type (such as blkcipher as ablkcipher) will be converted such that they allocate the underlying transform and use that instead of casting (e.g., crypto_ablkcipher casted into crypto_blkcipher). That will need to use a different exit function depending on the upper-level type. This patch also allows the type init/exit functions to call (or not) cra_init/cra_exit instead of always calling them from the top level. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-08-29crypto: rng - RNG interface and implementationNeil Horman2-0/+101
This patch adds a random number generator interface as well as a cryptographic pseudo-random number generator based on AES. It is meant to be used in cases where a deterministic CPRNG is required. One of the first applications will be as an input in the IPsec IV generation process. Signed-off-by: Neil Horman <nhorman@tuxdriver.com> Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-08-29crypto: skcipher - Move IV generators into their own modulesHerbert Xu1-6/+0
This patch moves the default IV generators into their own modules in order to break a dependency loop between cryptomgr, rng, and blkcipher. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-08-13crypto: hash - Add missing top-level functionsHerbert Xu1-0/+18
The top-level functions init/update/final were missing for ahash. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-07-10crypto: hash - Move ahash functions into crypto/hash.hHerbert Xu3-36/+191
All new crypto interfaces should go into individual files as much as possible in order to ensure that crypto.h does not collapse under its own weight. This patch moves the ahash code into crypto/hash.h and crypto/internal/hash.h respectively. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-07-10crypto: hash - Added scatter list walking helperHerbert Xu1-0/+41
This patch adds the walking helpers for hash algorithms akin to those of block ciphers. This is a necessary step before we can reimplement existing hash algorithms using the new ahash interface. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-07-10[CRYPTO] hash: Add asynchronous hash supportLoc Ho1-0/+36
This patch adds asynchronous hash and digest support. Signed-off-by: Loc Ho <lho@amcc.com> Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-05-01[CRYPTO] api: Fix scatterwalk_sg_chainHerbert Xu1-0/+4
When I backed out of using the generic sg chaining (as it isn't currently portable) and introduced scatterwalk_sg_chain/scatterwalk_sg_next I left out the sg_is_last check in the latter. This causes it to potentially dereference beyond the end of the sg array. As most uses of scatterwalk_sg_next are bound by an overall length, this only affected the chaining code in authenc and eseqiv. Thanks to Patrick McHardy for identifying this problem. This patch also clears the "last" bit on the head of the chained list as it's no longer last. This also went missing in scatterwalk_sg_chain and is present in sg_chain. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-04-21[CRYPTO] aes: Export generic setkeySebastian Siewior1-2/+6
The key expansion routine could be get little more generic, become a kernel doc entry and then get exported. Signed-off-by: Sebastian Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc> Tested-by: Stefan Hellermann <stefan@the2masters.de> Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-03-08[CRYPTO] skcipher: Fix section mismatchesHerbert Xu1-1/+1
The previous patch to move chainiv and eseqiv into blkcipher created a section mismatch for the chainiv exit function which was also called from __init. This patch removes the __exit marking on it. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-02-23[CRYPTO] skcipher: Move chainiv/seqiv into crypto_blkcipher moduleHerbert Xu1-0/+6
For compatibility with dm-crypt initramfs setups it is useful to merge chainiv/seqiv into the crypto_blkcipher module. Since they're required by most algorithms anyway this is an acceptable trade-off. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] api: Include sched.h for cond_resched in scatterwalk.hHerbert Xu1-0/+1
As Andrew Morton correctly points out, we need to explicitly include sched.h as we use the function cond_resched in crypto/scatterwalk.h. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] chainiv: Avoid lock spinning where possibleHerbert Xu1-0/+13
This patch makes chainiv avoid spinning by postponing requests on lock contention if the user allows the use of asynchronous algorithms. If a synchronous algorithm is requested then we behave as before. This should improve IPsec performance on SMP when two CPUs attempt to transmit over the same SA. Currently one of them will spin doing nothing waiting for the other CPU to finish its encryption. This patch makes it postpone the request and get on with other work. If only one CPU is transmitting for a given SA, then we will process the request synchronously as before. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] null: Add null blkcipher algorithmHerbert Xu1-0/+5
This patch adds a null blkcipher algorithm called ecb(cipher_null) for backwards compatibility. Previously the null algorithm when used by IPsec copied the data byte by byte. This new algorithm optimises that to a straight memcpy which lets us better measure inherent overheads in our IPsec code. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] aead: Create default givcipher instancesHerbert Xu1-0/+3
This patch makes crypto_alloc_aead always return algorithms that is capable of generating their own IVs through givencrypt and givdecrypt. All existing AEAD algorithms already do. New ones must either supply their own or specify a generic IV generator with the geniv field. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] aead: Add aead_geniv_alloc/aead_geniv_freeHerbert Xu1-0/+77
This patch creates the infrastructure to help the construction of IV generator templates that wrap around AEAD algorithms by adding an IV generator to them. This is useful for AEAD algorithms with no built-in IV generator or to replace their built-in generator. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] aead: Add top-level givencrypt/givdecrypt callsHerbert Xu1-0/+67
This patch finally makes the givencrypt/givdecrypt operations available to users by adding crypto_aead_givencrypt and crypto_aead_givdecrypt. A suite of helpers to allocate and fill in the request is also available. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] aead: Add givcrypt operationsHerbert Xu1-0/+38
This patch adds the underlying givcrypt operations for aead and associated support elements. The rationale is identical to that of the skcipher givcrypt operations, i.e., sometimes only the algorithm knows how the IV should be generated. A new request type aead_givcrypt_request is added which contains an embedded aead_request structure with two new elements to support this operation. The new elements are seq and giv. The seq field should contain a strictly increasing 64-bit integer which may be used by certain IV generators as an input value. The giv field will be used to store the generated IV. It does not need to obey the alignment requirements of the algorithm because it's not used during the operation. The existing iv field must still be available as it will be used to store intermediate IVs and the output IV if chaining is desired. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] skcipher: Add top-level givencrypt/givdecrypt callsHerbert Xu1-0/+72
This patch finally makes the givencrypt/givdecrypt operations available to users by adding crypto_skcipher_givencrypt and crypto_skcipher_givdecrypt. A suite of helpers to allocate and fill in the request is also available. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] skcipher: Remove crypto_spawn_ablkcipherHerbert Xu1-8/+0
Now that gcm and authenc have been converted to crypto_spawn_skcipher, this patch removes the obsolete crypto_spawn_ablkcipher function. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] skcipher: Create default givcipher instancesHerbert Xu1-0/+2
This patch makes crypto_alloc_ablkcipher/crypto_grab_skcipher always return algorithms that are capable of generating their own IVs through givencrypt and givdecrypt. Each algorithm may specify its default IV generator through the geniv field. For algorithms that do not set the geniv field, the blkcipher layer will pick a default. Currently it's chainiv for synchronous algorithms and eseqiv for asynchronous algorithms. Note that if these wrappers do not work on an algorithm then that algorithm must specify its own geniv or it can't be used at all. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] skcipher: Added skcipher_givcrypt_completeHerbert Xu1-0/+12
This patch adds the helper skcipher_givcrypt_complete which should be called when an ablkcipher algorithm has completed a givcrypt request. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] skcipher: Add skcipher_geniv_alloc/skcipher_geniv_freeHerbert Xu1-0/+18
This patch creates the infrastructure to help the construction of givcipher templates that wrap around existing blkcipher/ablkcipher algorithms by adding an IV generator to them. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] skcipher: Add givcrypt operations and givcipher typeHerbert Xu2-0/+47
Different block cipher modes have different requirements for intialisation vectors. For example, CBC can use a simple randomly generated IV while modes such as CTR must use an IV generation mechanisms that give a stronger guarantee on the lack of collisions. Furthermore, disk encryption modes have their own IV generation algorithms. Up until now IV generation has been left to the users of the symmetric key cipher API. This is inconvenient as the number of block cipher modes increase because the user needs to be aware of which mode is supposed to be paired with which IV generation algorithm. Therefore it makes sense to integrate the IV generation into the crypto API. This patch takes the first step in that direction by creating two new ablkcipher operations, givencrypt and givdecrypt that generates an IV before performing the actual encryption or decryption. The operations are currently not exposed to the user. That will be done once the underlying functionality has actually been implemented. It also creates the underlying givcipher type. Algorithms that directly generate IVs would use it instead of ablkcipher. All other algorithms (including all existing ones) would generate a givcipher algorithm upon registration. This givcipher algorithm will be constructed from the geniv string that's stored in every algorithm. That string will locate a template which is instantiated by the blkcipher/ablkcipher algorithm in question to give a givcipher algorithm. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] skcipher: Add crypto_grab_skcipher interfaceHerbert Xu2-4/+69
Note: From now on the collective of ablkcipher/blkcipher/givcipher will be known as skcipher, i.e., symmetric key cipher. The name blkcipher has always been much of a misnomer since it supports stream ciphers too. This patch adds the function crypto_grab_skcipher as a new way of getting an ablkcipher spawn. The problem is that previously we did this in two steps, first getting the algorithm and then calling crypto_init_spawn. This meant that each spawn user had to be aware of what type and mask to use for these two steps. This is difficult and also presents a problem when the type/mask changes as they're about to be for IV generators. The new interface does both steps together just like crypto_alloc_ablkcipher. As a side-effect this also allows us to be stronger on type enforcement for spawns. For now this is only done for ablkcipher but it's trivial to extend for other types. This patch also moves the type/mask logic for skcipher into the helpers crypto_skcipher_type and crypto_skcipher_mask. Finally this patch introduces the function crypto_require_sync to determine whether the user is specifically requesting a sync algorithm. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] ctr: Refactor into ctr and rfc3686Herbert Xu1-0/+20
As discussed previously, this patch moves the basic CTR functionality into a chainable algorithm called ctr. The IPsec-specific variant of it is now placed on top with the name rfc3686. So ctr(aes) gives a chainable cipher with IV size 16 while the IPsec variant will be called rfc3686(ctr(aes)). This patch also adjusts gcm accordingly. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] api: Add crypto_attr_alg_nameHerbert Xu1-0/+1
This patch adds a new helper crypto_attr_alg_name which is basically the first half of crypto_attr_alg. That is, it returns an algorithm name parameter as a string without looking it up. The caller can then look it up immediately or defer it until later. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] scatterwalk: Restore custom sg chaining for nowHerbert Xu1-0/+11
Unfortunately the generic chaining hasn't been ported to all architectures yet, and notably not s390. So this patch restores the chainging that we've been using previously which does work everywhere. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] scatterwalk: Move scatterwalk.h to linux/cryptoHerbert Xu1-0/+107
The scatterwalk infrastructure is used by algorithms so it needs to move out of crypto for future users that may live in drivers/crypto or asm/*/crypto. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] authenc: Move enckeylen into key itselfHerbert Xu1-0/+27
Having enckeylen as a template parameter makes it a pain for hardware devices that implement ciphers with many key sizes since each one would have to be registered separately. Since the authenc algorithm is mainly used for legacy purposes where its key is going to be constructed out of two separate keys, we can in fact embed this value into the key itself. This patch does this by prepending an rtnetlink header to the key that contains the encryption key length. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] api: Add crypto_inc and crypto_xorHerbert Xu1-0/+4
With the addition of more stream ciphers we need to curb the proliferation of ad-hoc xor functions. This patch creates a generic pair of functions, crypto_inc and crypto_xor which does big-endian increment and exclusive or, respectively. For optimum performance, they both use u32 operations so alignment must be as that of u32 even though the arguments are of type u8 *. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] ablkcipher: Add distinct ABLKCIPHER typeHerbert Xu1-2/+2
Up until now we have ablkcipher algorithms have been identified as type BLKCIPHER with the ASYNC bit set. This is suboptimal because ablkcipher refers to two things. On the one hand it refers to the top-level ablkcipher interface with requests. On the other hand it refers to and algorithm type underneath. As it is you cannot request a synchronous block cipher algorithm with the ablkcipher interface on top. This is a problem because we want to be able to eventually phase out the blkcipher top-level interface. This patch fixes this by making ABLKCIPHER its own type, just as we have distinct types for HASH and DIGEST. The type it associated with the algorithm implementation only. Which top-level interface is used for synchronous block ciphers is then determined by the mask that's used. If it's a specific mask then the old blkcipher interface is given, otherwise we go with the new ablkcipher interface. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] sha256-generic: Extend sha256_generic.c to support SHA-224Jonathan Lynch1-0/+12
Resubmitting this patch which extends sha256_generic.c to support SHA-224 as described in FIPS 180-2 and RFC 3874. HMAC-SHA-224 as described in RFC4231 is then supported through the hmac interface. Patch includes test vectors for SHA-224 and HMAC-SHA-224. SHA-224 chould be chosen as a hash algorithm when 112 bits of security strength is required. Patch generated against the 2.6.24-rc1 kernel and tested against 2.6.24-rc1-git14 which includes fix for scatter gather implementation for HMAC. Signed-off-by: Jonathan Lynch <jonathan.lynch@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] aes-generic: Make key generation exportableSebastian Siewior1-0/+16
This patch exports four tables and the set_key() routine. This ressources can be shared by other AES implementations (aes-x86_64 for instance). The decryption key has been turned around (deckey[0] is the first piece of the key instead of deckey[keylen+20]). The encrypt/decrypt functions are looking now identical (except they are using different tables and key). Signed-off-by: Sebastian Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc> Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] aes: Move common defines into a header fileSebastian Siewior1-0/+15
This three defines are used in all AES related hardware. Signed-off-by: Sebastian Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc> Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2008-01-11[CRYPTO] des: Create header file for common macrosEvgeniy Polyakov1-0/+19
This patch creates include/crypto/des.h for common macros shared between DES implementations. Signed-off-by: Evgeniy Polyakov <johnpol@2ka.mipt.ru> Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2007-10-10[CRYPTO] sha: Add header file for SHA definitionsJan Glauber1-0/+53
There are currently several SHA implementations that all define their own initialization vectors and size values. Since this values are idential move them to a header file under include/crypto. Signed-off-by: Jan Glauber <jang@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2007-10-10[CRYPTO] blkcipher: Added blkcipher_walk_virt_blockHerbert Xu1-0/+4
This patch adds the helper blkcipher_walk_virt_block which is similar to blkcipher_walk_virt but uses a supplied block size instead of the block size of the block cipher. This is useful for CTR where the block size is 1 but we still want to walk by the block size of the underlying cipher. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2007-10-10[CRYPTO] xts: XTS blockcipher mode implementation without partial blocksRik Snel1-0/+2
XTS currently considered to be the successor of the LRW mode by the IEEE1619 workgroup. LRW was discarded, because it was not secure if the encyption key itself is encrypted with LRW. XTS does not have this problem. The implementation is pretty straightforward, a new function was added to gf128mul to handle GF(128) elements in ble format. Four testvectors from the specification http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/1619/email/pdf00086.pdf were added, and they verify on my system. Signed-off-by: Rik Snel <rsnel@cube.dyndns.org> Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2007-10-10[CRYPTO] aead: Add authencHerbert Xu1-1/+43
This patch adds the authenc algorithm which constructs an AEAD algorithm from an asynchronous block cipher and a hash. The construction is done by concatenating the encrypted result from the cipher with the output from the hash, as is used by the IPsec ESP protocol. The authenc algorithm exists as a template with four parameters: authenc(auth, authsize, enc, enckeylen). The authentication algorithm, the authentication size (i.e., truncating the output of the authentication algorithm), the encryption algorithm, and the encryption key length. Both the size field and the key length field are in bytes. For example, AES-128 with SHA1-HMAC would be represented by authenc(hmac(sha1), 12, cbc(aes), 16) The key for the authenc algorithm is the concatenation of the keys for the authentication algorithm with the encryption algorithm. For the above example, if a key of length 36 bytes is given, then hmac(sha1) would receive the first 20 bytes while the last 16 would be given to cbc(aes). Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2007-10-10[CRYPTO] ablkcipher: Remove queue pointer from common alg objectHerbert Xu1-7/+7
Since not everyone needs a queue pointer and those who need it can always get it from the context anyway the queue pointer in the common alg object is redundant. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2007-10-10[CRYPTO] api: Add aead crypto typeHerbert Xu1-0/+6
This patch adds crypto_aead which is the interface for AEAD (Authenticated Encryption with Associated Data) algorithms. AEAD algorithms perform authentication and encryption in one step. Traditionally users (such as IPsec) would use two different crypto algorithms to perform these. With AEAD this comes down to one algorithm and one operation. Of course if traditional algorithms were used we'd still be doing two operations underneath. However, real AEAD algorithms may allow the underlying operations to be optimised as well. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2007-10-10[CRYPTO] api: Add crypto_ablkcipher_ctx_alignedSebastian Siewior1-0/+5
This is function does the same thing for ablkcipher that is done for blkcipher by crypto_blkcipher_ctx_aligned(): it returns an aligned address of the private ctx. Signed-off-by: Sebastian Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc> Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2007-05-02[CRYPTO] cryptd: Add software async crypto daemonHerbert Xu1-0/+15
This patch adds the cryptd module which is a template that takes a synchronous software crypto algorithm and converts it to an asynchronous one by executing it in a kernel thread. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2007-05-02[CRYPTO] api: Do not remove users unless new algorithm matchesHerbert Xu1-1/+2
As it is whenever a new algorithm with the same name is registered users of the old algorithm will be removed so that they can take advantage of the new algorithm. This presents a problem when the new algorithm is not equivalent to the old algorithm. In particular, the new algorithm might only function on top of the existing one. Hence we should not remove users unless they can make use of the new algorithm. Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>