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2020-02-26Merge tag 'trace-v5.6-rc2' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux-traceLinus Torvalds1-16/+22
Pull tracing and bootconfig updates: "Fixes and changes to bootconfig before it goes live in a release. Change in API of bootconfig (before it comes live in a release): - Have a magic value "BOOTCONFIG" in initrd to know a bootconfig exists - Set CONFIG_BOOT_CONFIG to 'n' by default - Show error if "bootconfig" on cmdline but not compiled in - Prevent redefining the same value - Have a way to append values - Added a SELECT BLK_DEV_INITRD to fix a build failure Synthetic event fixes: - Switch to raw_smp_processor_id() for recording CPU value in preempt section. (No care for what the value actually is) - Fix samples always recording u64 values - Fix endianess - Check number of values matches number of fields - Fix a printing bug Fix of trace_printk() breaking postponed start up tests Make a function static that is only used in a single file" * tag 'trace-v5.6-rc2' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux-trace: bootconfig: Fix CONFIG_BOOTTIME_TRACING dependency issue bootconfig: Add append value operator support bootconfig: Prohibit re-defining value on same key bootconfig: Print array as multiple commands for legacy command line bootconfig: Reject subkey and value on same parent key tools/bootconfig: Remove unneeded error message silencer bootconfig: Add bootconfig magic word for indicating bootconfig explicitly bootconfig: Set CONFIG_BOOT_CONFIG=n by default tracing: Clear trace_state when starting trace bootconfig: Mark boot_config_checksum() static tracing: Disable trace_printk() on post poned tests tracing: Have synthetic event test use raw_smp_processor_id() tracing: Fix number printing bug in print_synth_event() tracing: Check that number of vals matches number of synth event fields tracing: Make synth_event trace functions endian-correct tracing: Make sure synth_event_trace() example always uses u64
2020-02-20bootconfig: Print array as multiple commands for legacy command lineMasami Hiramatsu1-14/+8
Print arraied values as multiple same options for legacy kernel command line. With this rule, if the "kernel.*" and "init.*" array entries in bootconfig are printed out as multiple same options, e.g. kernel { console = "ttyS0,115200" console += "tty0" } will be correctly converted to console="ttyS0,115200" console="tty0" in the kernel command line. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/158220118213.26565.8163300497009463916.stgit@devnote2 Reported-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2020-02-20bootconfig: Add bootconfig magic word for indicating bootconfig explicitlyMasami Hiramatsu1-1/+5
Add bootconfig magic word to the end of bootconfig on initrd image for indicating explicitly the bootconfig is there. Also tools/bootconfig treats wrong size or wrong checksum or parse error as an error, because if there is a bootconfig magic word, there must be a bootconfig. The bootconfig magic word is "#BOOTCONFIG\n", 12 bytes word. Thus the block image of the initrd file with bootconfig is as follows. [Initrd][bootconfig][size][csum][#BOOTCONFIG\n] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/158220112263.26565.3944814205960612841.stgit@devnote2 Suggested-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2020-02-20bootconfig: Set CONFIG_BOOT_CONFIG=n by defaultMasami Hiramatsu1-0/+8
Set CONFIG_BOOT_CONFIG=n by default. This also warns user if CONFIG_BOOT_CONFIG=n but "bootconfig" is given in the kernel command line. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/158220111291.26565.9036889083940367969.stgit@devnote2 Suggested-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2020-02-20bootconfig: Mark boot_config_checksum() staticQiujun Huang1-1/+1
In fact, this function is only used in this file, so mark it with 'static'. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1581852511-14163-1-git-send-email-hqjagain@gmail.com Acked-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Qiujun Huang <hqjagain@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2020-02-11Merge tag 'trace-v5.6-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux-traceLinus Torvalds1-7/+30
Pull tracing fixes from Steven Rostedt: "Various fixes: - Fix an uninitialized variable - Fix compile bug to bootconfig userspace tool (in tools directory) - Suppress some error messages of bootconfig userspace tool - Remove unneded CONFIG_LIBXBC from bootconfig - Allocate bootconfig xbc_nodes dynamically. To ease complaints about taking up static memory at boot up - Use of parse_args() to parse bootconfig instead of strstr() usage Prevents issues of double quotes containing the interested string - Fix missing ring_buffer_nest_end() on synthetic event error path - Return zero not -EINVAL on soft disabled synthetic event (soft disabling must be the same as hard disabling, which returns zero) - Consolidate synthetic event code (remove duplicate code)" * tag 'trace-v5.6-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux-trace: tracing: Consolidate trace() functions tracing: Don't return -EINVAL when tracing soft disabled synth events tracing: Add missing nest end to synth_event_trace_start() error case tools/bootconfig: Suppress non-error messages bootconfig: Allocate xbc_nodes array dynamically bootconfig: Use parse_args() to find bootconfig and '--' tracing/kprobe: Fix uninitialized variable bug bootconfig: Remove unneeded CONFIG_LIBXBC tools/bootconfig: Fix wrong __VA_ARGS__ usage
2020-02-10bootconfig: Use parse_args() to find bootconfig and '--'Steven Rostedt (VMware)1-7/+30
The current implementation does a naive search of "bootconfig" on the kernel command line. But this could find "bootconfig" that is part of another option in quotes (although highly unlikely). But it also needs to find '--' on the kernel command line to know if it should append a '--' or not when a bootconfig in the initrd file has an "init" section. The check uses the naive strstr() to find to see if it exists. But this can return a false positive if it exists in an option and then the "init" section in the initrd will not be appended properly. Using parse_args() to find both of these will solve both of these problems. Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/202002070954.C18E7F58B@keescook Fixes: 7495e0926fdf3 ("bootconfig: Only load bootconfig if "bootconfig" is on the kernel cmdline") Fixes: 1319916209ce8 ("bootconfig: init: Allow admin to use bootconfig for init command line") Reported-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Acked-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2020-02-06Merge tag 'trace-v5.6-2' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux-traceLinus Torvalds1-17/+212
Pull tracing updates from Steven Rostedt: - Added new "bootconfig". This looks for a file appended to initrd to add boot config options, and has been discussed thoroughly at Linux Plumbers. Very useful for adding kprobes at bootup. Only enabled if "bootconfig" is on the real kernel command line. - Created dynamic event creation. Merges common code between creating synthetic events and kprobe events. - Rename perf "ring_buffer" structure to "perf_buffer" - Rename ftrace "ring_buffer" structure to "trace_buffer" Had to rename existing "trace_buffer" to "array_buffer" - Allow trace_printk() to work withing (some) tracing code. - Sort of tracing configs to be a little better organized - Fixed bug where ftrace_graph hash was not being protected properly - Various other small fixes and clean ups * tag 'trace-v5.6-2' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux-trace: (88 commits) bootconfig: Show the number of nodes on boot message tools/bootconfig: Show the number of bootconfig nodes bootconfig: Add more parse error messages bootconfig: Use bootconfig instead of boot config ftrace: Protect ftrace_graph_hash with ftrace_sync ftrace: Add comment to why rcu_dereference_sched() is open coded tracing: Annotate ftrace_graph_notrace_hash pointer with __rcu tracing: Annotate ftrace_graph_hash pointer with __rcu bootconfig: Only load bootconfig if "bootconfig" is on the kernel cmdline tracing: Use seq_buf for building dynevent_cmd string tracing: Remove useless code in dynevent_arg_pair_add() tracing: Remove check_arg() callbacks from dynevent args tracing: Consolidate some synth_event_trace code tracing: Fix now invalid var_ref_vals assumption in trace action tracing: Change trace_boot to use synth_event interface tracing: Move tracing selftests to bottom of menu tracing: Move mmio tracer config up with the other tracers tracing: Move tracing test module configs together tracing: Move all function tracing configs together tracing: Documentation for in-kernel synthetic event API ...
2020-02-05bootconfig: Show the number of nodes on boot messageMasami Hiramatsu1-2/+4
Show the number of bootconfig nodes on boot message. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/158091062297.27924.9051634676068550285.stgit@devnote2 Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2020-02-05bootconfig: Use bootconfig instead of boot configMasami Hiramatsu1-3/+3
Use "bootconfig" (1 word) instead of "boot config" (2 words) in the boot message. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/158091059459.27924.14414336187441539879.stgit@devnote2 Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2020-02-05bootconfig: Only load bootconfig if "bootconfig" is on the kernel cmdlineSteven Rostedt (VMware)1-7/+21
As the bootconfig is appended to the initrd it is not as easy to modify as the kernel command line. If there's some issue with the kernel, and the developer wants to boot a pristine kernel, it should not be needed to modify the initrd to remove the bootconfig for a single boot. As bootconfig is silently added (if the admin does not know where to look they may not know it's being loaded). It should be explicitly added to the kernel cmdline. The loading of the bootconfig is only done if "bootconfig" is on the kernel command line. This will let admins know that the kernel command line is extended. Note, after adding printk()s for when the size is too great or the checksum is wrong, exposed that the current method always looked for the boot config, and if this size and checksum matched, it would parse it (as if either is wrong a printk has been added to show this). It's better to only check this if the boot config is asked to be looked for. Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/CAHk-=wjfjO+h6bQzrTf=YCZA53Y3EDyAs3Z4gEsT7icA3u_Psw@mail.gmail.com Acked-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2020-01-31init/main.c: fix misleading "This architecture does not have kernel memory protection" messageChristophe Leroy1-0/+5
This message leads to thinking that memory protection is not implemented for the said architecture, whereas absence of CONFIG_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX only means that memory protection has not been selected at compile time. Don't print this message when CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX is selected by the architecture. Instead, print "Kernel memory protection not selected by kernel config." Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/62477e446d9685459d4f27d193af6ff1bd69d55f.1578557581.git.christophe.leroy@c-s.fr Signed-off-by: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@c-s.fr> Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-01-31init/main.c: fix quoted value handling in unknown_bootoptionArvind Sankar1-3/+4
Patch series "init/main.c: minor cleanup/bugfix of envvar handling", v2. unknown_bootoption passes unrecognized command line arguments to init as either environment variables or arguments. Some of the logic in the function is broken for quoted command line arguments. When an argument of the form param="value" is processed by parse_args and passed to unknown_bootoption, the command line has param\0"value\0 with val pointing to the beginning of value. The helper function repair_env_string is then used to restore the '=' character that was removed by parse_args, and strip the quotes off fully. This results in param=value\0\0 and val ends up pointing to the 'a' instead of the 'v' in value. This bug was introduced when repair_env_string was refactored into a separate function, and the decrement of val in repair_env_string became dead code. This causes two problems in unknown_bootoption in the two places where the val pointer is used as a substitute for the length of param: 1. An argument of the form param=".value" is misinterpreted as a potential module parameter, with the result that it will not be placed in init's environment. 2. An argument of the form param="value" is checked to see if param is an existing environment variable that should be overwritten, but the comparison is off-by-one and compares 'param=v' instead of 'param=' against the existing environment. So passing, for example, TERM="vt100" on the command line results in init being passed both TERM=linux and TERM=vt100 in its environment. Patch 1 adds logging for the arguments and environment passed to init and is independent of the rest: it can be dropped if this is unnecessarily verbose. Patch 2 removes repair_env_string from initcall parameter parsing in do_initcall_level, as that uses a separate copy of the command line now and the repairing is no longer necessary. Patch 3 fixes the bug in unknown_bootoption by recording the length of param explicitly instead of implying it from val-param. This patch (of 3): Commit a99cd1125189 ("init: fix bug where environment vars can't be passed via boot args") introduced two minor bugs in unknown_bootoption by factoring out the quoted value handling into a separate function. When value is quoted, repair_env_string will move the value up 1 byte to strip the quotes, so val in unknown_bootoption no longer points to the actual location of the value. The result is that an argument of the form param=".value" is mistakenly treated as a potential module parameter and is not placed in init's environment, and an argument of the form param="value" can result in a duplicate environment variable: eg TERM="vt100" on the command line will result in both TERM=linux and TERM=vt100 being placed into init's environment. Fix this by recording the length of the param before calling repair_env_string instead of relying on val. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191212180023.24339-4-nivedita@alum.mit.edu Signed-off-by: Arvind Sankar <nivedita@alum.mit.edu> Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com> Cc: Krzysztof Mazur <krzysiek@podlesie.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-01-31init/main.c: remove unnecessary repair_env_string in do_initcall_levelArvind Sankar1-6/+10
Since commit 08746a65c296 ("init: fix in-place parameter modification regression"), parse_args in do_initcall_level is called on a copy of saved_command_line. It is unnecessary to call repair_env_string during this parsing, as this copy is not used for anything later. Remove the now unnecessary arguments from repair_env_string as well. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191212180023.24339-3-nivedita@alum.mit.edu Signed-off-by: Arvind Sankar <nivedita@alum.mit.edu> Cc: Krzysztof Mazur <krzysiek@podlesie.net> Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-01-31init/main.c: log arguments and environment passed to initArvind Sankar1-0/+8
Extend logging in `run_init_process` to also show the arguments and environment that we are passing to init. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191212180023.24339-2-nivedita@alum.mit.edu Signed-off-by: Arvind Sankar <nivedita@alum.mit.edu> Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com> Cc: Krzysztof Mazur <krzysiek@podlesie.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-01-29Merge tag 'driver-core-5.6-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/driver-coreLinus Torvalds1-1/+1
Pull driver core updates from Greg KH: "Here is a small set of changes for 5.6-rc1 for the driver core and some firmware subsystem changes. Included in here are: - device.h splitup like you asked for months ago - devtmpfs minor cleanups - firmware core minor changes - debugfs fix for lockdown mode - kernfs cleanup fix - cpu topology minor fix All of these have been in linux-next for a while with no reported issues" * tag 'driver-core-5.6-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/driver-core: (22 commits) firmware: Rename FW_OPT_NOFALLBACK to FW_OPT_NOFALLBACK_SYSFS devtmpfs: factor out common tail of devtmpfs_{create,delete}_node devtmpfs: initify a bit devtmpfs: simplify initialization of mount_dev devtmpfs: factor out setup part of devtmpfsd() devtmpfs: fix theoretical stale pointer deref in devtmpfsd() driver core: platform: fix u32 greater or equal to zero comparison cpu-topology: Don't error on more than CONFIG_NR_CPUS CPUs in device tree debugfs: Return -EPERM when locked down driver core: Print device when resources present in really_probe() driver core: Fix test_async_driver_probe if NUMA is disabled driver core: platform: Prevent resouce overflow from causing infinite loops fs/kernfs/dir.c: Clean code by removing always true condition component: do not dereference opaque pointer in debugfs drivers/component: remove modular code debugfs: Fix warnings when building documentation device.h: move 'struct driver' stuff out to device/driver.h device.h: move 'struct class' stuff out to device/class.h device.h: move 'struct bus' stuff out to device/bus.h device.h: move dev_printk()-like functions to dev_printk.h ...
2020-01-13mm, debug_pagealloc: don't rely on static keys too earlyVlastimil Babka1-0/+1
Commit 96a2b03f281d ("mm, debug_pagelloc: use static keys to enable debugging") has introduced a static key to reduce overhead when debug_pagealloc is compiled in but not enabled. It relied on the assumption that jump_label_init() is called before parse_early_param() as in start_kernel(), so when the "debug_pagealloc=on" option is parsed, it is safe to enable the static key. However, it turns out multiple architectures call parse_early_param() earlier from their setup_arch(). x86 also calls jump_label_init() even earlier, so no issue was found while testing the commit, but same is not true for e.g. ppc64 and s390 where the kernel would not boot with debug_pagealloc=on as found by our QA. To fix this without tricky changes to init code of multiple architectures, this patch partially reverts the static key conversion from 96a2b03f281d. Init-time and non-fastpath calls (such as in arch code) of debug_pagealloc_enabled() will again test a simple bool variable. Fastpath mm code is converted to a new debug_pagealloc_enabled_static() variant that relies on the static key, which is enabled in a well-defined point in mm_init() where it's guaranteed that jump_label_init() has been called, regardless of architecture. [sfr@canb.auug.org.au: export _debug_pagealloc_enabled_early] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200106164944.063ac07b@canb.auug.org.au Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191219130612.23171-1-vbabka@suse.cz Fixes: 96a2b03f281d ("mm, debug_pagelloc: use static keys to enable debugging") Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-01-13bootconfig: init: Allow admin to use bootconfig for init command lineMasami Hiramatsu1-3/+28
Since the current kernel command line is too short to describe long and many options for init (e.g. systemd command line options), this allows admin to use boot config for init command line. All init command line under "init." keywords will be passed to init. For example, init.systemd { unified_cgroup_hierarchy = 1 debug_shell default_timeout_start_sec = 60 } Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/157867229521.17873.654222294326542349.stgit@devnote2 Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2020-01-13bootconfig: init: Allow admin to use bootconfig for kernel command lineMasami Hiramatsu1-5/+101
Since the current kernel command line is too short to describe many options which supported by kernel, allow user to use boot config to setup (add) the command line options. All kernel parameters under "kernel." keywords will be used for setting up extra kernel command line. For example, kernel { audit = on audit_backlog_limit = 256 } Note that you can not specify some early parameters (like console etc.) by this method, since it is loaded after early parameters parsed. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/157867228333.17873.11962796367032622466.stgit@devnote2 Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2020-01-13init/main.c: Alloc initcall_command_line in do_initcall() and free itMasami Hiramatsu1-11/+15
Since initcall_command_line is used as a temporary buffer, it could be freed after usage. Allocate it in do_initcall() and free it after used. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/157867227145.17873.17513760552008505454.stgit@devnote2 Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2020-01-13bootconfig: Load boot config from the tail of initrdMasami Hiramatsu1-0/+54
Load the extended boot config data from the tail of initrd image. If there is an SKC data there, it has [(u32)size][(u32)checksum] header (in really, this is a footer) at the end of initrd. If the checksum (simple sum of bytes) is match, this starts parsing it from there. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/157867222435.17873.9936667353335606867.stgit@devnote2 Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2020-01-02Revert "fs: remove ksys_dup()"Dominik Brodowski1-20/+6
This reverts commit 8243186f0cc7 ("fs: remove ksys_dup()") and the subsequent fix for it in commit 2d3145f8d280 ("early init: fix error handling when opening /dev/console"). Trying to use filp_open() and f_dupfd() instead of pseudo-syscalls caused more trouble than what is worth it: it requires accessing vfs internals and it turns out there were other bugs in it too. In particular, the file reference counting was wrong - because unlike the original "open+2*dup" sequence it used "filp_open+3*f_dupfd" and thus had an extra leaked file reference. That in turn then caused odd problems with Androidx86 long after boot becaue of how the extra reference to the console kept the session active even after all file descriptors had been closed. Reported-by: youling 257 <youling257@gmail.com> Cc: Arvind Sankar <nivedita@alum.mit.edu> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-12-17early init: fix error handling when opening /dev/consoleLinus Torvalds1-1/+1
The comment says "this should never fail", but it definitely can fail when you have odd initial boot filesystems, or kernel configurations. So get the error handling right: filp_open() returns an error pointer. Reported-by: Jesse Barnes <jsbarnes@google.com> Reported-by: youling 257 <youling257@gmail.com> Fixes: 8243186f0cc7 ("fs: remove ksys_dup()") Cc: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-12-16device.h: move 'struct driver' stuff out to device/driver.hGreg Kroah-Hartman1-1/+1
device.h has everything and the kitchen sink when it comes to struct device things, so split out the struct driver things things to a separate .h file to make things easier to maintain and manage over time. Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@kernel.org> Cc: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com> Cc: Saravana Kannan <saravanak@google.com> Cc: Heikki Krogerus <heikki.krogerus@linux.intel.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20191209193303.1694546-7-gregkh@linuxfoundation.org Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2019-12-12fs: remove ksys_dup()Dominik Brodowski1-6/+20
ksys_dup() is used only at one place in the kernel, namely to duplicate fd 0 of /dev/console to stdout and stderr. The same functionality can be achieved by using functions already available within the kernel namespace. Signed-off-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
2019-12-12init: unify opening /dev/console as stdin/stdout/stderrDominik Brodowski1-5/+12
Merge the two instances where /dev/console is opened as stdin/stdout/stderr. Signed-off-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
2019-09-28Merge branch 'next-lockdown' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jmorris/linux-securityLinus Torvalds1-0/+1
Pull kernel lockdown mode from James Morris: "This is the latest iteration of the kernel lockdown patchset, from Matthew Garrett, David Howells and others. From the original description: This patchset introduces an optional kernel lockdown feature, intended to strengthen the boundary between UID 0 and the kernel. When enabled, various pieces of kernel functionality are restricted. Applications that rely on low-level access to either hardware or the kernel may cease working as a result - therefore this should not be enabled without appropriate evaluation beforehand. The majority of mainstream distributions have been carrying variants of this patchset for many years now, so there's value in providing a doesn't meet every distribution requirement, but gets us much closer to not requiring external patches. There are two major changes since this was last proposed for mainline: - Separating lockdown from EFI secure boot. Background discussion is covered here: https://lwn.net/Articles/751061/ - Implementation as an LSM, with a default stackable lockdown LSM module. This allows the lockdown feature to be policy-driven, rather than encoding an implicit policy within the mechanism. The new locked_down LSM hook is provided to allow LSMs to make a policy decision around whether kernel functionality that would allow tampering with or examining the runtime state of the kernel should be permitted. The included lockdown LSM provides an implementation with a simple policy intended for general purpose use. This policy provides a coarse level of granularity, controllable via the kernel command line: lockdown={integrity|confidentiality} Enable the kernel lockdown feature. If set to integrity, kernel features that allow userland to modify the running kernel are disabled. If set to confidentiality, kernel features that allow userland to extract confidential information from the kernel are also disabled. This may also be controlled via /sys/kernel/security/lockdown and overriden by kernel configuration. New or existing LSMs may implement finer-grained controls of the lockdown features. Refer to the lockdown_reason documentation in include/linux/security.h for details. The lockdown feature has had signficant design feedback and review across many subsystems. This code has been in linux-next for some weeks, with a few fixes applied along the way. Stephen Rothwell noted that commit 9d1f8be5cf42 ("bpf: Restrict bpf when kernel lockdown is in confidentiality mode") is missing a Signed-off-by from its author. Matthew responded that he is providing this under category (c) of the DCO" * 'next-lockdown' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jmorris/linux-security: (31 commits) kexec: Fix file verification on S390 security: constify some arrays in lockdown LSM lockdown: Print current->comm in restriction messages efi: Restrict efivar_ssdt_load when the kernel is locked down tracefs: Restrict tracefs when the kernel is locked down debugfs: Restrict debugfs when the kernel is locked down kexec: Allow kexec_file() with appropriate IMA policy when locked down lockdown: Lock down perf when in confidentiality mode bpf: Restrict bpf when kernel lockdown is in confidentiality mode lockdown: Lock down tracing and perf kprobes when in confidentiality mode lockdown: Lock down /proc/kcore x86/mmiotrace: Lock down the testmmiotrace module lockdown: Lock down module params that specify hardware parameters (eg. ioport) lockdown: Lock down TIOCSSERIAL lockdown: Prohibit PCMCIA CIS storage when the kernel is locked down acpi: Disable ACPI table override if the kernel is locked down acpi: Ignore acpi_rsdp kernel param when the kernel has been locked down ACPI: Limit access to custom_method when the kernel is locked down x86/msr: Restrict MSR access when the kernel is locked down x86: Lock down IO port access when the kernel is locked down ...
2019-09-24mm: use CPU_BITS_NONE to initialize init_mm.cpu_bitmaskMike Rapoport1-1/+0
Replace open-coded bitmap array initialization of init_mm.cpu_bitmask with neat CPU_BITS_NONE macro. And, since init_mm.cpu_bitmask is statically set to zero, there is no way to clear it again in start_kernel(). Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1565703815-8584-1-git-send-email-rppt@linux.ibm.com Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-09-24mm: consolidate pgtable_cache_init() and pgd_cache_init()Mike Rapoport1-2/+1
Both pgtable_cache_init() and pgd_cache_init() are used to initialize kmem cache for page table allocations on several architectures that do not use PAGE_SIZE tables for one or more levels of the page table hierarchy. Most architectures do not implement these functions and use __weak default NOP implementation of pgd_cache_init(). Since there is no such default for pgtable_cache_init(), its empty stub is duplicated among most architectures. Rename the definitions of pgd_cache_init() to pgtable_cache_init() and drop empty stubs of pgtable_cache_init(). Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1566457046-22637-1-git-send-email-rppt@linux.ibm.com Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Acked-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org> [arm64] Acked-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> [x86] Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-09-24mm: kmemleak: use the memory pool for early allocationsCatalin Marinas1-1/+1
Currently kmemleak uses a static early_log buffer to trace all memory allocation/freeing before the slab allocator is initialised. Such early log is replayed during kmemleak_init() to properly initialise the kmemleak metadata for objects allocated up that point. With a memory pool that does not rely on the slab allocator, it is possible to skip this early log entirely. In order to remove the early logging, consider kmemleak_enabled == 1 by default while the kmem_cache availability is checked directly on the object_cache and scan_area_cache variables. The RCU callback is only invoked after object_cache has been initialised as we wouldn't have any concurrent list traversal before this. In order to reduce the number of callbacks before kmemleak is fully initialised, move the kmemleak_init() call to mm_init(). [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove WARN_ON(), per Catalin] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190812160642.52134-4-catalin.marinas@arm.com Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-08-19security: Support early LSMsMatthew Garrett1-0/+1
The lockdown module is intended to allow for kernels to be locked down early in boot - sufficiently early that we don't have the ability to kmalloc() yet. Add support for early initialisation of some LSMs, and then add them to the list of names when we do full initialisation later. Early LSMs are initialised in link order and cannot be overridden via boot parameters, and cannot make use of kmalloc() (since the allocator isn't initialised yet). (Fixed by Stephen Rothwell to include a stub to fix builds when !CONFIG_SECURITY) Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@google.com> Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Acked-by: Casey Schaufler <casey@schaufler-ca.com> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
2019-07-31sched/preempt: Use CONFIG_PREEMPTION where appropriateThomas Gleixner1-1/+1
CONFIG_PREEMPTION is selected by CONFIG_PREEMPT and by CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT. Both PREEMPT and PREEMPT_RT require the same functionality which today depends on CONFIG_PREEMPT. Switch the preemption code, scheduler and init task over to use CONFIG_PREEMPTION. That's the first step towards RT in that area. The more complex changes are coming separately. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190726212124.117528401@linutronix.de Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2019-07-19Merge branch 'work.mount0' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfsLinus Torvalds1-1/+0
Pull vfs mount updates from Al Viro: "The first part of mount updates. Convert filesystems to use the new mount API" * 'work.mount0' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: (63 commits) mnt_init(): call shmem_init() unconditionally constify ksys_mount() string arguments don't bother with registering rootfs init_rootfs(): don't bother with init_ramfs_fs() vfs: Convert smackfs to use the new mount API vfs: Convert selinuxfs to use the new mount API vfs: Convert securityfs to use the new mount API vfs: Convert apparmorfs to use the new mount API vfs: Convert openpromfs to use the new mount API vfs: Convert xenfs to use the new mount API vfs: Convert gadgetfs to use the new mount API vfs: Convert oprofilefs to use the new mount API vfs: Convert ibmasmfs to use the new mount API vfs: Convert qib_fs/ipathfs to use the new mount API vfs: Convert efivarfs to use the new mount API vfs: Convert configfs to use the new mount API vfs: Convert binfmt_misc to use the new mount API convenience helper: get_tree_single() convenience helper get_tree_nodev() vfs: Kill sget_userns() ...
2019-07-12mm: init: report memory auto-initialization features at boot timeAlexander Potapenko1-0/+24
Print the currently enabled stack and heap initialization modes. Stack initialization is enabled by a config flag, while heap initialization is configured at boot time with defaults being set in the config. It's more convenient for the user to have all information about these hardening measures in one place at boot, so the user can reason about the expected behavior of the running system. The possible options for stack are: - "all" for CONFIG_INIT_STACK_ALL; - "byref_all" for CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_BYREF_ALL; - "byref" for CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_BYREF; - "__user" for CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_USER; - "off" otherwise. Depending on the values of init_on_alloc and init_on_free boottime options we also report "heap alloc" and "heap free" as "on"/"off". In the init_on_free mode initializing pages at boot time may take a while, so print a notice about that as well. This depends on how much memory is installed, the memory bandwidth, etc. On a relatively modern x86 system, it takes about 0.75s/GB to wipe all memory: [ 0.418722] mem auto-init: stack:byref_all, heap alloc:off, heap free:on [ 0.419765] mem auto-init: clearing system memory may take some time... [ 12.376605] Memory: 16408564K/16776672K available (14339K kernel code, 1397K rwdata, 3756K rodata, 1636K init, 11460K bss, 368108K reserved, 0K cma-reserved) Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190617151050.92663-3-glider@google.com Signed-off-by: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com> Suggested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com> Cc: Kostya Serebryany <kcc@google.com> Cc: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com> Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Cc: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com> Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Cc: Sandeep Patil <sspatil@android.com> Cc: "Serge E. Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com> Cc: Souptick Joarder <jrdr.linux@gmail.com> Cc: Marco Elver <elver@google.com> Cc: Kaiwan N Billimoria <kaiwan@kaiwantech.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-07-04mnt_init(): call shmem_init() unconditionallyAl Viro1-1/+0
No point having two call sites (earlier in init_rootfs() from mnt_init() in case we are going to use shmem-style rootfs, later from do_basic_setup() unconditionally), along with the logics in shmem_init() itself to make the second call a no-op... Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2019-05-21treewide: Add SPDX license identifier for missed filesThomas Gleixner1-0/+1
Add SPDX license identifiers to all files which: - Have no license information of any form - Have EXPORT_.*_SYMBOL_GPL inside which was used in the initial scan/conversion to ignore the file These files fall under the project license, GPL v2 only. The resulting SPDX license identifier is: GPL-2.0-only Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2019-05-14init: free_initmem: poison freed init memoryMike Rapoport1-1/+1
Various architectures including x86 poison the freed init memory. Do the same in the generic free_initmem implementation and switch sparc32 architecture that is identical to the generic code over to it now. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1550515285-17446-4-git-send-email-rppt@linux.ibm.com Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com> Cc: Richard Kuo <rkuo@codeaurora.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-05-14init: provide a generic free_initmem implementationMike Rapoport1-0/+5
Patch series "provide a generic free_initmem implementation", v2. Many architectures implement free_initmem() in exactly the same or very similar way: they wrap the call to free_initmem_default() with sometimes different 'poison' parameter. These patches switch those architectures to use a generic implementation that does free_initmem_default(POISON_FREE_INITMEM). This was inspired by Christoph's patches for free_initrd_mem [1] and I shamelessly copied changelog entries from his patches :) [1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190213174621.29297-1-hch@lst.de/ This patch (of 2): For most architectures free_initmem just a wrapper for the same free_initmem_default(-1) call. Provide that as a generic implementation marked __weak. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1550515285-17446-2-git-send-email-rppt@linux.ibm.com Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com> Cc: Richard Kuo <rkuo@codeaurora.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-05-07Merge tag 'random_for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tytso/randomLinus Torvalds1-7/+14
Pull randomness updates from Ted Ts'o: - initialize the random driver earler - fix CRNG initialization when we trust the CPU's RNG on NUMA systems - other miscellaneous cleanups and fixes. * tag 'random_for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tytso/random: random: add a spinlock_t to struct batched_entropy random: document get_random_int() family random: fix CRNG initialization when random.trust_cpu=1 random: move rand_initialize() earlier random: only read from /dev/random after its pool has received 128 bits drivers/char/random.c: make primary_crng static drivers/char/random.c: remove unused stuct poolinfo::poolbits drivers/char/random.c: constify poolinfo_table
2019-05-07Merge tag 'printk-for-5.2' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/pmladek/printkLinus Torvalds1-3/+3
Pull printk updates from Petr Mladek: - Allow state reset of printk_once() calls. - Prevent crashes when dereferencing invalid pointers in vsprintf(). Only the first byte is checked for simplicity. - Make vsprintf warnings consistent and inlined. - Treewide conversion of obsolete %pf, %pF to %ps, %pF printf modifiers. - Some clean up of vsprintf and test_printf code. * tag 'printk-for-5.2' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/pmladek/printk: lib/vsprintf: Make function pointer_string static vsprintf: Limit the length of inlined error messages vsprintf: Avoid confusion between invalid address and value vsprintf: Prevent crash when dereferencing invalid pointers vsprintf: Consolidate handling of unknown pointer specifiers vsprintf: Factor out %pO handler as kobject_string() vsprintf: Factor out %pV handler as va_format() vsprintf: Factor out %p[iI] handler as ip_addr_string() vsprintf: Do not check address of well-known strings vsprintf: Consistent %pK handling for kptr_restrict == 0 vsprintf: Shuffle restricted_pointer() printk: Tie printk_once / printk_deferred_once into .data.once for reset treewide: Switch printk users from %pf and %pF to %ps and %pS, respectively lib/test_printf: Switch to bitmap_zalloc()
2019-05-05x86/mm: Initialize PGD cache during mm initializationNadav Amit1-0/+3
Poking-mm initialization might require to duplicate the PGD in early stage. Initialize the PGD cache earlier to prevent boot failures. Reported-by: kernel test robot <lkp@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Rick Edgecombe <rick.p.edgecombe@intel.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Fixes: 4fc19708b165 ("x86/alternatives: Initialize temporary mm for patching") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190505011124.39692-1-namit@vmware.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2019-04-30x86/alternatives: Initialize temporary mm for patchingNadav Amit1-0/+3
To prevent improper use of the PTEs that are used for text patching, the next patches will use a temporary mm struct. Initailize it by copying the init mm. The address that will be used for patching is taken from the lower area that is usually used for the task memory. Doing so prevents the need to frequently synchronize the temporary-mm (e.g., when BPF programs are installed), since different PGDs are used for the task memory. Finally, randomize the address of the PTEs to harden against exploits that use these PTEs. Suggested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Tested-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com> Signed-off-by: Rick Edgecombe <rick.p.edgecombe@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: akpm@linux-foundation.org Cc: ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org Cc: deneen.t.dock@intel.com Cc: kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com Cc: kristen@linux.intel.com Cc: linux_dti@icloud.com Cc: will.deacon@arm.com Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190426232303.28381-8-nadav.amit@gmail.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2019-04-19random: move rand_initialize() earlierKees Cook1-7/+14
Right now rand_initialize() is run as an early_initcall(), but it only depends on timekeeping_init() (for mixing ktime_get_real() into the pools). However, the call to boot_init_stack_canary() for stack canary initialization runs earlier, which triggers a warning at boot: random: get_random_bytes called from start_kernel+0x357/0x548 with crng_init=0 Instead, this moves rand_initialize() to after timekeeping_init(), and moves canary initialization here as well. Note that this warning may still remain for machines that do not have UEFI RNG support (which initializes the RNG pools during setup_arch()), or for x86 machines without RDRAND (or booting without "random.trust=on" or CONFIG_RANDOM_TRUST_CPU=y). Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
2019-04-19init: initialize jump labels before command line option parsingDan Williams1-2/+2
When a module option, or core kernel argument, toggles a static-key it requires jump labels to be initialized early. While x86, PowerPC, and ARM64 arrange for jump_label_init() to be called before parse_args(), ARM does not. Kernel command line: rdinit=/sbin/init page_alloc.shuffle=1 panic=-1 console=ttyAMA0,115200 page_alloc.shuffle=1 ------------[ cut here ]------------ WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 0 at ./include/linux/jump_label.h:303 page_alloc_shuffle+0x12c/0x1ac static_key_enable(): static key 'page_alloc_shuffle_key+0x0/0x4' used before call to jump_label_init() Modules linked in: CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper Not tainted 5.1.0-rc4-next-20190410-00003-g3367c36ce744 #1 Hardware name: ARM Integrator/CP (Device Tree) [<c0011c68>] (unwind_backtrace) from [<c000ec48>] (show_stack+0x10/0x18) [<c000ec48>] (show_stack) from [<c07e9710>] (dump_stack+0x18/0x24) [<c07e9710>] (dump_stack) from [<c001bb1c>] (__warn+0xe0/0x108) [<c001bb1c>] (__warn) from [<c001bb88>] (warn_slowpath_fmt+0x44/0x6c) [<c001bb88>] (warn_slowpath_fmt) from [<c0b0c4a8>] (page_alloc_shuffle+0x12c/0x1ac) [<c0b0c4a8>] (page_alloc_shuffle) from [<c0b0c550>] (shuffle_store+0x28/0x48) [<c0b0c550>] (shuffle_store) from [<c003e6a0>] (parse_args+0x1f4/0x350) [<c003e6a0>] (parse_args) from [<c0ac3c00>] (start_kernel+0x1c0/0x488) Move the fallback call to jump_label_init() to occur before parse_args(). The redundant calls to jump_label_init() in other archs are left intact in case they have static key toggling use cases that are even earlier than option parsing. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/155544804466.1032396.13418949511615676665.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Reported-by: Guenter Roeck <groeck@google.com> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Russell King <rmk@armlinux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-04-09treewide: Switch printk users from %pf and %pF to %ps and %pS, respectivelySakari Ailus1-3/+3
%pF and %pf are functionally equivalent to %pS and %ps conversion specifiers. The former are deprecated, therefore switch the current users to use the preferred variant. The changes have been produced by the following command: git grep -l '%p[fF]' | grep -v '^\(tools\|Documentation\)/' | \ while read i; do perl -i -pe 's/%pf/%ps/g; s/%pF/%pS/g;' $i; done And verifying the result. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190325193229.23390-1-sakari.ailus@linux.intel.com Cc: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com> Cc: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org Cc: sparclinux@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-um@lists.infradead.org Cc: xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org Cc: linux-acpi@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-pm@vger.kernel.org Cc: drbd-dev@lists.linbit.com Cc: linux-block@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-mmc@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-nvdimm@lists.01.org Cc: linux-pci@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-scsi@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-btrfs@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-f2fs-devel@lists.sourceforge.net Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org Cc: ceph-devel@vger.kernel.org Cc: netdev@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Sakari Ailus <sakari.ailus@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: David Sterba <dsterba@suse.com> (for btrfs) Acked-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> (for mm/memblock.c) Acked-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com> (for drivers/pci) Acked-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
2019-03-12init/main: add checks for the return value of memblock_alloc*()Mike Rapoport1-6/+20
Add panic() calls if memblock_alloc() returns NULL. The panic() format duplicates the one used by memblock itself and in order to avoid explosion with long parameters list replace open coded allocation size calculations with a local variable. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1548057848-15136-18-git-send-email-rppt@linux.ibm.com Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@c-s.fr> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Dennis Zhou <dennis@kernel.org> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Greentime Hu <green.hu@gmail.com> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: Guan Xuetao <gxt@pku.edu.cn> Cc: Guo Ren <guoren@kernel.org> Cc: Guo Ren <ren_guo@c-sky.com> [c-sky] Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com> [Xen] Cc: Mark Salter <msalter@redhat.com> Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com> Cc: Max Filippov <jcmvbkbc@gmail.com> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu> Cc: Paul Burton <paul.burton@mips.com> Cc: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com> Cc: Richard Weinberger <richard@nod.at> Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org> Cc: Rob Herring <robh+dt@kernel.org> Cc: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk> Cc: Stafford Horne <shorne@gmail.com> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Vineet Gupta <vgupta@synopsys.com> Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-02-12Revert "mm: use early_pfn_to_nid in page_ext_init"Qian Cai1-1/+2
This reverts commit fe53ca54270a ("mm: use early_pfn_to_nid in page_ext_init"). When booting a system with "page_owner=on", start_kernel page_ext_init invoke_init_callbacks init_section_page_ext init_page_owner init_early_allocated_pages init_zones_in_node init_pages_in_zone lookup_page_ext page_to_nid The issue here is that page_to_nid() will not work since some page flags have no node information until later in page_alloc_init_late() due to DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT. Hence, it could trigger an out-of-bounds access with an invalid nid. UBSAN: Undefined behaviour in ./include/linux/mm.h:1104:50 index 7 is out of range for type 'zone [5]' Also, kernel will panic since flags were poisoned earlier with, CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_PGFLAGS=y CONFIG_NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS=n start_kernel setup_arch pagetable_init paging_init sparse_init sparse_init_nid memblock_alloc_try_nid_raw It did not handle it well in init_pages_in_zone() which ends up calling page_to_nid(). page:ffffea0004200000 is uninitialized and poisoned raw: ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff raw: ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff page dumped because: VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PagePoisoned(p)) page_owner info is not active (free page?) kernel BUG at include/linux/mm.h:990! RIP: 0010:init_page_owner+0x486/0x520 This means that assumptions behind commit fe53ca54270a ("mm: use early_pfn_to_nid in page_ext_init") are incomplete. Therefore, revert the commit for now. A proper way to move the page_owner initialization to sooner is to hook into memmap initialization. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190115202812.75820-1-cai@lca.pw Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: Pasha Tatashin <Pavel.Tatashin@microsoft.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Cc: Yang Shi <yang.shi@linaro.org> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-01-04fork: fix some -Wmissing-prototypes warningsYi Wang1-1/+0
We get a warning when building kernel with W=1: kernel/fork.c:167:13: warning: no previous prototype for `arch_release_thread_stack' [-Wmissing-prototypes] kernel/fork.c:779:13: warning: no previous prototype for `fork_init' [-Wmissing-prototypes] Add the missing declaration in head file to fix this. Also, remove arch_release_thread_stack() completely because no arch seems to implement it since bb9d81264 (arch: remove tile port). Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1542170087-23645-1-git-send-email-wang.yi59@zte.com.cn Signed-off-by: Yi Wang <wang.yi59@zte.com.cn> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Acked-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-01-04init/main.c: make "initcall_level_names[]" const char *Alexey Dobriyan1-1/+1
Initcall names should not be changed. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181124091829.GD10969@avx2 Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-12-28Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)Linus Torvalds1-1/+1
Merge misc updates from Andrew Morton: - large KASAN update to use arm's "software tag-based mode" - a few misc things - sh updates - ocfs2 updates - just about all of MM * emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (167 commits) kernel/fork.c: mark 'stack_vm_area' with __maybe_unused memcg, oom: notify on oom killer invocation from the charge path mm, swap: fix swapoff with KSM pages include/linux/gfp.h: fix typo mm/hmm: fix memremap.h, move dev_page_fault_t callback to hmm hugetlbfs: Use i_mmap_rwsem to fix page fault/truncate race hugetlbfs: use i_mmap_rwsem for more pmd sharing synchronization memory_hotplug: add missing newlines to debugging output mm: remove __hugepage_set_anon_rmap() include/linux/vmstat.h: remove unused page state adjustment macro mm/page_alloc.c: allow error injection mm: migrate: drop unused argument of migrate_page_move_mapping() blkdev: avoid migration stalls for blkdev pages mm: migrate: provide buffer_migrate_page_norefs() mm: migrate: move migrate_page_lock_buffers() mm: migrate: lock buffers before migrate_page_move_mapping() mm: migration: factor out code to compute expected number of page references mm, page_alloc: enable pcpu_drain with zone capability kmemleak: add config to select auto scan mm/page_alloc.c: don't call kasan_free_pages() at deferred mem init ...