path: root/init/main.c (unfollow)
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2012-04-25init: fix bug where environment vars can't be passed via boot argsChris Metcalf1-12/+13
Commit 026cee0086f had the side-effect of dropping the '=' from the unknown boot arguments that are passed to init as environment variables. This is because parse_args() puts a NUL in the string where the '=' was when it passes the "param" and "val" pointers to the parsing subfunctions. Previously, unknown_bootoption() was the last parse_args() subfunction to run, and it carefully put back the '=' character. Now the ignore_unknown_bootoption() is the last one to run, and it wasn't doing the necessary repair, so the envp params ended up with the embedded NUL and were no longer seen as valid environment variables by init. Tested-by: Woody Suwalski <terraluna977@gmail.com> Acked-by: Pawel Moll <pawel.moll@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>
2012-03-28Move all declarations of free_initmem() to linux/mm.hDavid Howells1-1/+0
Move all declarations of free_initmem() to linux/mm.h so that there's only one and it's used by everything. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> cc: linux-c6x-dev@linux-c6x.org cc: microblaze-uclinux@itee.uq.edu.au cc: linux-sh@vger.kernel.org cc: sparclinux@vger.kernel.org cc: x86@kernel.org cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
2012-03-26params: <level>_initcall-like kernel parametersPawel Moll1-6/+59
This patch adds a set of macros that can be used to declare kernel parameters to be parsed _before_ initcalls at a chosen level are executed. We rename the now-unused "flags" field of struct kernel_param as the level. It's signed, for when we use this for early params as well, in future. Linker macro collating init calls had to be modified in order to add additional symbols between levels that are later used by the init code to split the calls into blocks. Signed-off-by: Pawel Moll <pawel.moll@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2012-03-15init: fix wording error in mm_init commentJim Cromie1-2/+2
s/countinuous/contiguous/, reword sentence. Signed-off-by: Jim Cromie <jim.cromie@gmail.com> Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2012-03-01sched/rt: Use schedule_preempt_disabled()Thomas Gleixner1-4/+1
Coccinelle based conversion. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-24swm5zut3h9c4a6s46x8rws@git.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2012-01-13module_param: make bool parameters really bool (core code)Rusty Russell1-1/+1
module_param(bool) used to counter-intuitively take an int. In fddd5201 (mid-2009) we allowed bool or int/unsigned int using a messy trick. It's time to remove the int/unsigned int option. For this version it'll simply give a warning, but it'll break next kernel version. Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2011-12-06mm, x86: Remove debug_pagealloc_enabledStanislaw Gruszka1-5/+0
When (no)bootmem finish operation, it pass pages to buddy allocator. Since debug_pagealloc_enabled is not set, we will do not protect pages, what is not what we want with CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC=y. To fix remove debug_pagealloc_enabled. That variable was introduced by commit 12d6f21e "x86: do not PSE on CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC=y" to get more CPA (change page attribude) code testing. But currently we have CONFIG_CPA_DEBUG, which test CPA. Signed-off-by: Stanislaw Gruszka <sgruszka@redhat.com> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1322582711-14571-1-git-send-email-sgruszka@redhat.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-12-06init/main.c: Execute lockdep_init() as early as possibleMing Lei1-2/+1
This patch fixes a lockdep warning on ARM platforms: [ 0.000000] WARNING: lockdep init error! Arch code didn't call lockdep_init() early enough? [ 0.000000] Call stack leading to lockdep invocation was: [ 0.000000] [<c00164bc>] save_stack_trace_tsk+0x0/0x90 [ 0.000000] [<ffffffff>] 0xffffffff The warning is caused by printk inside smp_setup_processor_id(). It is safe to do this because lockdep_init() doesn't depend on smp_setup_processor_id(), so improve things that printk can be called as early as possible without lockdep complaint. Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <tom.leiming@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Yong Zhang <yong.zhang0@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1321508072-23853-1-git-send-email-tom.leiming@gmail.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-10-26params: make dashes and underscores in parameter names truly equalMichal Schmidt1-2/+2
The user may use "foo-bar" for a kernel parameter defined as "foo_bar". Make sure it works the other way around too. Apply the equality of dashes and underscores on early_params and __setup params as well. The example given in Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt indicates that this is the intended behaviour. With the patch the kernel accepts "log-buf-len=1M" as expected. https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=744545 Signed-off-by: Michal Schmidt <mschmidt@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> (neatened implementations)
2011-10-25jump-label: initialize jump-label subsystem much earlierJeremy Fitzhardinge1-0/+3
Initialize jump_labels much, much earlier, so they're available for use during system setup. Signed-off-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy.fitzhardinge@citrix.com> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
2011-09-29bootup: move 'usermodehelper_enable()' a little earlierwangyanqing1-1/+1
Commit d5767c53535a ("bootup: move 'usermodehelper_enable()' to the end of do_basic_setup()") moved 'usermodehelper_enable()' to end of do_basic_setup() to after the initcalls. But then I get failed to let uvesafb work on my computer, and lose the splash boot. So maybe we could start usermodehelper_enable a little early to make some task work that need eary init with the help of user mode. [ I would *really* prefer that initcalls not call into user space - even the real 'init' hasn't been execve'd yet, after all! But for uvesafb it really does look like we don't have much choice. I considered doing this when we mount the root filesystem, but depending on config options that is in multiple places. We could do the usermode helper enable as a rootfs_initcall().. So I'm just using wang yanqing's trivial patch. It's not wonderful, but it's simple and should work. We should revisit this some day, though. - Linus ] Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-09-28bootup: move 'usermodehelper_enable()' to the end of do_basic_setup()Linus Torvalds1-3/+1
Doing it just before starting to call into cpu_idle() made a sick kind of sense only because the original bug we fixed (see commit 288d5abec831: "Boot up with usermodehelper disabled") was about problems with some scheduler data structures not being initialized, and they had better be initialized at that point. But it really didn't make any other conceptual sense, and doing it after the initial "schedule()" call for the idle thread actually opened up a race: what if the main initialization thread did everything without needing to sleep, and got all the way into user land too? Without actually having scheduled back to the idle thread? Now, in normal circumstances that doesn't ever happen, but it looks like Richard Cochran triggered exactly that on his ARM IXP4xx machines: "I have some ARM IXP4xx based machines that use the two on chip MAC ports (aka NPEs). The NPE needs a firmware in order to function. Ever since the following commit [that 288d5abec831 one], it is no longer possible to bring up the interfaces during the init scripts." with a call trace showing an ioctl coming from user space. Richard says: "The init is busybox, and the startup script does mount, syslogd, and then ifup, so that all can go by quickly." The fix is to move the usermodehelper_enable() into the main 'init' thread, and just put it after we've done all our initcalls. By then, everything really should be up, but we've obviously not actually started the user-mode portion of init yet. Reported-and-tested-by: Richard Cochran <richardcochran@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-09-21init: carefully handle loglevel option on kernel cmdline.Alexander Sverdlin1-2/+13
When a malformed loglevel value (for example "${abc}") is passed on the kernel cmdline, the loglevel itself is being set to 0. That then suppresses all following messages, including all the errors and crashes caused by other malformed cmdline options. This could make debugging process quite tricky. This patch leaves the previous value of loglevel if the new value is incorrect and reports an error code in this case. Signed-off-by: Alexander Sverdlin <alexander.sverdlin@sysgo.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-08-03Boot up with usermodehelper disabledLinus Torvalds1-1/+4
The core device layer sends tons of uevent notifications for each device it finds, and if the kernel has been built with a non-empty CONFIG_UEVENT_HELPER_PATH that will make us try to execute the usermode helper binary for all these events very early in the boot. Not only won't the root filesystem even be mounted at that point, we literally won't have necessarily even initialized all the process handling data structures at that point, which causes no end of silly problems even when the usermode helper doesn't actually succeed in executing. So just use our existing infrastructure to disable the usermodehelpers to make the kernel start out with them disabled. We enable them when we've at least initialized stuff a bit. Problems related to an uninitialized init_ipc_ns.ids[IPC_SHM_IDS].rw_mutex reported by various people. Reported-by: Manuel Lauss <manuel.lauss@googlemail.com> Reported-by: Richard Weinberger <richard@nod.at> Reported-by: Marc Zyngier <maz@misterjones.org> Acked-by: Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Vasiliy Kulikov <segoon@openwall.com> Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-08-03tmpfs: miscellaneous trivial cleanupsHugh Dickins1-1/+1
While it's at its least, make a number of boring nitpicky cleanups to shmem.c, mostly for consistency of variable naming. Things like "swap" instead of "entry", "pgoff_t index" instead of "unsigned long idx". And since everything else here is prefixed "shmem_", better change init_tmpfs() to shmem_init(). Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-06-17generic-ipi: Fix kexec boot crash by initializing call_single_queue before enabling interruptsTakao Indoh1-0/+1
There is a problem that kdump(2nd kernel) sometimes hangs up due to a pending IPI from 1st kernel. Kernel panic occurs because IPI comes before call_single_queue is initialized. To fix the crash, rename init_call_single_data() to call_function_init() and call it in start_kernel() so that call_single_queue can be initialized before enabling interrupts. The details of the crash are: (1) 2nd kernel boots up (2) A pending IPI from 1st kernel comes when irqs are first enabled in start_kernel(). (3) Kernel tries to handle the interrupt, but call_single_queue is not initialized yet at this point. As a result, in the generic_smp_call_function_single_interrupt(), NULL pointer dereference occurs when list_replace_init() tries to access &q->list.next. Therefore this patch changes the name of init_call_single_data() to call_function_init() and calls it before local_irq_enable() in start_kernel(). Signed-off-by: Takao Indoh <indou.takao@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: WANG Cong <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com> Acked-by: Neil Horman <nhorman@tuxdriver.com> Acked-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Milton Miller <miltonm@bga.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: kexec@lists.infradead.org Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/D6CBEE2F420741indou.takao@jp.fujitsu.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-05-29mm: Fix boot crash in mm_alloc()Linus Torvalds1-1/+1
Thomas Gleixner reports that we now have a boot crash triggered by CONFIG_CPUMASK_OFFSTACK=y: BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at (null) IP: [<c11ae035>] find_next_bit+0x55/0xb0 Call Trace: [<c11addda>] cpumask_any_but+0x2a/0x70 [<c102396b>] flush_tlb_mm+0x2b/0x80 [<c1022705>] pud_populate+0x35/0x50 [<c10227ba>] pgd_alloc+0x9a/0xf0 [<c103a3fc>] mm_init+0xec/0x120 [<c103a7a3>] mm_alloc+0x53/0xd0 which was introduced by commit de03c72cfce5 ("mm: convert mm->cpu_vm_cpumask into cpumask_var_t"), and is due to wrong ordering of mm_init() vs mm_init_cpumask Thomas wrote a patch to just fix the ordering of initialization, but I hate the new double allocation in the fork path, so I ended up instead doing some more radical surgery to clean it all up. Reported-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reported-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-05-25printk: allocate kernel log buffer earlierMike Travis1-0/+1
On larger systems, because of the numerous ACPI, Bootmem and EFI messages, the static log buffer overflows before the larger one specified by the log_buf_len param is allocated. Minimize the overflow by allocating the new log buffer as soon as possible. On kernels without memblock, a later call to setup_log_buf from kernel/init.c is the fallback. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix CONFIG_PRINTK=n build] Signed-off-by: Mike Travis <travis@sgi.com> Cc: Yinghai Lu <yhlu.kernel@gmail.com> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Jack Steiner <steiner@sgi.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-05-25mm: convert mm->cpu_vm_cpumask into cpumask_var_tKOSAKI Motohiro1-0/+2
cpumask_t is very big struct and cpu_vm_mask is placed wrong position. It might lead to reduce cache hit ratio. This patch has two change. 1) Move the place of cpumask into last of mm_struct. Because usually cpumask is accessed only front bits when the system has cpu-hotplug capability 2) Convert cpu_vm_mask into cpumask_var_t. It may help to reduce memory footprint if cpumask_size() will use nr_cpumask_bits properly in future. In addition, this patch change the name of cpu_vm_mask with cpu_vm_mask_var. It may help to detect out of tree cpu_vm_mask users. This patch has no functional change. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: build fix] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Koichi Yasutake <yasutake.koichi@jp.panasonic.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-05-19kmemleak: Initialise kmemleak after debug_objects_mem_init()Catalin Marinas1-1/+1
Kmemleak frees objects via RCU and when CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD is enabled, the RCU callback triggers a call to free_object() in lib/debugobjects.c. Since kmemleak is initialised before debug objects initialisation, it may result in a kernel panic during booting. This patch moves the kmemleak_init() call after debug_objects_mem_init(). Reported-by: Marcin Slusarz <marcin.slusarz@gmail.com> Tested-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: <stable@kernel.org>
2011-03-23pid: remove the child_reaper special case in init/main.cEric W. Biederman1-9/+0
This patchset is a cleanup and a preparation to unshare the pid namespace. These prerequisites prepare for Eric's patchset to give a file descriptor to a namespace and join an existing namespace. This patch: It turns out that the existing assignment in copy_process of the child_reaper can handle the initial assignment of child_reaper we just need to generalize the test in kernel/fork.c Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@free.fr> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Acked-by: Serge E. Hallyn <serge@hallyn.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-03-22smp: move smp setup functions to kernel/smp.cAmerigo Wang1-89/+1
Move setup_nr_cpu_ids(), smp_init() and some other SMP boot parameter setup functions from init/main.c to kenrel/smp.c, saves some #ifdef CONFIG_SMP. Signed-off-by: WANG Cong <amwang@redhat.com> Cc: Rakib Mullick <rakib.mullick@gmail.com> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-01-20lockdep: Move early boot local IRQ enable/disable status to init/main.cTejun Heo1-2/+11
During early boot, local IRQ is disabled until IRQ subsystem is properly initialized. During this time, no one should enable local IRQ and some operations which usually are not allowed with IRQ disabled, e.g. operations which might sleep or require communications with other processors, are allowed. lockdep tracked this with early_boot_irqs_off/on() callbacks. As other subsystems need this information too, move it to init/main.c and make it generally available. While at it, toggle the boolean to early_boot_irqs_disabled instead of enabled so that it can be initialized with %false and %true indicates the exceptional condition. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Acked-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> LKML-Reference: <20110120110635.GB6036@htj.dyndns.org> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2010-12-24init: don't call flush_scheduled_work() from do_initcalls()Tejun Heo1-3/+0
The call to flush_scheduled_work() in do_initcalls() is there to make sure all works queued to system_wq by initcalls finish before the init sections are dropped. However, the call doesn't make much sense at this point - there already are multiple different workqueues and different subsystems are free to create and use their own. Ordering requirements are and should be expressed explicitly. Drop the call to prepare for the deprecation and removal of flush_scheduled_work(). Andrew suggested adding sanity check where the workqueue code checks whether any pending or running work has the work function in the init text section. However, checking this for running works requires the worker to keep track of the current function being executed, and checking only the pending works will miss most cases. As a violation will almost always be caught by the usual page fault mechanism, I don't think it would be worthwhile to make the workqueue code track extra state just for this. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
2010-12-16init: Initialized IDR earlierPeter Zijlstra1-1/+1
perf_event_init() wants to start using IDR trees, its needs in turn are satisfied by mm_init(). Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> LKML-Reference: <20101117222056.206992649@chello.nl> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2010-12-16perf: Move perf_event_init() into main.cPeter Zijlstra1-0/+2
Currently we call perf_event_init() from sched_init(). In order to make it more obvious move it to the cannnonical location. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> LKML-Reference: <20101117222056.093629821@chello.nl> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2010-11-26perf, arch: Cleanup perf-pmu init vs lockup-detectorPeter Zijlstra1-0/+1
The perf hardware pmu got initialized at various points in the boot, some before early_initcall() some after (notably arch_initcall). The problem is that the NMI lockup detector is ran from early_initcall() and expects the hardware pmu to be present. Sanitize this by moving all architecture hardware pmu implementations to initialize at early_initcall() and move the lockup detector to an explicit initcall right after that. Cc: paulus <paulus@samba.org> Cc: davem <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Michael Cree <mcree@orcon.net.nz> Cc: Deng-Cheng Zhu <dengcheng.zhu@gmail.com> Acked-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> LKML-Reference: <1290707759.2145.119.camel@laptop> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2010-11-17BKL: remove extraneous #include <smp_lock.h>Arnd Bergmann1-1/+0
The big kernel lock has been removed from all these files at some point, leaving only the #include. Remove this too as a cleanup. Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-10-19init/main.c: remove BKL notationsNamhyung Kim1-2/+0
According to commit 5e3d20a68f63fc5a310687d81956c3b96e488b84 (init: Remove the BKL from startup code) these sparse notations should be removed also. Signed-off-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
2010-10-12genirq: Remove early_init_irq_lock_class()Thomas Gleixner1-1/+0
early_init_irq_lock_class() is called way before anything touches the irq descriptors. In case of SPARSE_IRQ=y this is a NOP operation because the radix tree is empty at this point. For the SPARSE_IRQ=n case it's sufficient to set the lock class in early_init_irq(). Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2010-08-17Make do_execve() take a const filename pointerDavid Howells1-3/+3
Make do_execve() take a const filename pointer so that kernel_execve() compiles correctly on ARM: arch/arm/kernel/sys_arm.c:88: warning: passing argument 1 of 'do_execve' discards qualifiers from pointer target type This also requires the argv and envp arguments to be consted twice, once for the pointer array and once for the strings the array points to. This is because do_execve() passes a pointer to the filename (now const) to copy_strings_kernel(). A simpler alternative would be to cast the filename pointer in do_execve() when it's passed to copy_strings_kernel(). do_execve() may not change any of the strings it is passed as part of the argv or envp lists as they are some of them in .rodata, so marking these strings as const should be fine. Further kernel_execve() and sys_execve() need to be changed to match. This has been test built on x86_64, frv, arm and mips. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Tested-by: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Acked-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-11param: make param sections const.Rusty Russell1-4/+4
Since this section can be read-only (they're in .rodata), they should always have been const. Minor flow-through various functions. Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Tested-by: Phil Carmody <ext-phil.2.carmody@nokia.com>
2010-08-09init/main.c: mark do_one_initcall* as __init_or_moduleKevin Winchester1-2/+2
Andrew Morton suggested that the do_one_initcall and do_one_initcall_debug functions can be marked __init_or_module such that they can be discarded for the CONFIG_MODULES=N case. Signed-off-by: Kevin Winchester <kjwinchester@gmail.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-09init/main.c: fix warning: 'calltime.tv64' may be used uninitializedKevin Winchester1-14/+20
Using: gcc (GCC) 4.5.0 20100610 (prerelease) The following warning appears: init/main.c: In function `do_one_initcall': init/main.c:730:10: warning: `calltime.tv64' may be used uninitialized in this function This warning is actually correct, as the global initcall_debug could arguably be changed by the initcall. Correct this warning by extracting a new function, do_one_initcall_debug, that performs the initcall for the debug case. Signed-off-by: Kevin Winchester <kjwinchester@gmail.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-01workqueue: mark init_workqueues() as early_initcall()Suresh Siddha1-2/+0
Mark init_workqueues() as early_initcall() and thus it will be initialized before smp bringup. init_workqueues() registers for the hotcpu notifier and thus it should cope with the processors that are brought online after the workqueues are initialized. x86 smp bringup code uses workqueues and uses a workaround for the cold boot process (as the workqueues are initialized post smp_init()). Marking init_workqueues() as early_initcall() will pave the way for cleaning up this code. Signed-off-by: Suresh Siddha <suresh.b.siddha@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
2010-07-09init: Remove the BKL from startup codeArnd Bergmann1-5/+0
I have shown by code review that no driver takes the BKL at init time any more, so whatever the init code was locking against is no longer there and it is now safe to remove the BKL there. Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Acked-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
2010-06-30init: Fix commentPeter Zijlstra1-1/+1
Apparently "pid-1" confuses people... Requested-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: torvalds@linux-foundation.org Cc: randy.dunlap@oracle.com Cc: Ilya Loginov <isloginov@gmail.com> LKML-Reference: <1277887031.1868.82.camel@laptop> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2010-06-28init, sched: Fix race between init and kthreaddPeter Zijlstra1-0/+12
Ilya reported that on a very slow machine he could reliably reproduce a race between forking init and kthreadd. We first fork init so that it obtains pid-1, however since the scheduler is already fully running at this point it can preempt and run the init thread before we spawn and set kthreadd_task. The init thread can then attempt spawning kthreads without kthreadd being present which results in an OOPS. Reported-by: Ilya Loginov <isloginov@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> LKML-Reference: <1277736661.3561.110.camel@laptop> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2010-06-27percpu: allow limited allocation before slab is onlineTejun Heo1-0/+1
This patch updates percpu allocator such that it can serve limited amount of allocation before slab comes online. This is primarily to allow slab to depend on working percpu allocator. Two parameters, PERCPU_DYNAMIC_EARLY_SIZE and SLOTS, determine how much memory space and allocation map slots are reserved. If this reserved area is exhausted, WARN_ON_ONCE() will trigger and allocation will fail till slab comes online. The following changes are made to implement early alloc. * pcpu_mem_alloc() now checks slab_is_available() * Chunks are allocated using pcpu_mem_alloc() * Init paths make sure ai->dyn_size is at least as large as PERCPU_DYNAMIC_EARLY_SIZE. * Initial alloc maps are allocated in __initdata and copied to kmalloc'd areas once slab is online. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
2010-06-09ACPI: Do not try to set up acpi processor stuff on cores exceeding maxcpus=Thomas Renninger1-1/+3
Patch is against latest Linus master branch and is expected to be safe bug fix. You get: ACPI: HARDWARE addr space,NOT supported yet for each ACPI defined CPU which status is active, but exceeds maxcpus= count. As these "not booted" CPUs do not run an idle routine and echo X >/proc/acpi/processor/*/throttling did not work I couldn't find a way to really access not onlined/booted machines. Still this should get fixed and /proc/acpi/processor/X dirs of cores exceeding maxcpus should not show up. I wonder whether this could get cleaned up by truncating possible cpu mask and nr_cpu_ids to setup_max_cpus early some day (and not exporting setup_max_cpus anymore then). But this needs touching of a lot other places... Signed-off-by: Thomas Renninger <trenn@suse.de> CC: travis@sgi.com CC: linux-acpi@vger.kernel.org CC: lenb@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Len Brown <len.brown@intel.com>
2010-06-09tracing: Remove kmemtrace ftrace pluginLi Zefan1-2/+0
We have been resisting new ftrace plugins and removing existing ones, and kmemtrace has been superseded by kmem trace events and perf-kmem, so we remove it. Signed-off-by: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi> Acked-by: Eduard - Gabriel Munteanu <eduard.munteanu@linux360.ro> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> [ remove kmemtrace from the makefile, handle slob too ] Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
2010-06-08tracing: Remove boot tracerAmérico Wang1-17/+10
The boot tracer is useless. It simply logs the initcalls but in fact these initcalls are also logged through printk while using the initcall_debug kernel parameter. Nobody seem to be using it so far. Then just remove it. Signed-off-by: WANG Cong <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com> Cc: Chase Douglas <chase.douglas@canonical.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com> LKML-Reference: <20100526105753.GA5677@cr0.nay.redhat.com> [ remove the hooks in main.c, and the headers ] Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
2010-05-25mem-hotplug: avoid multiple zones sharing same boot strapping boot_pagesetHaicheng Li1-1/+1
For each new populated zone of hotadded node, need to update its pagesets with dynamically allocated per_cpu_pageset struct for all possible CPUs: 1) Detach zone->pageset from the shared boot_pageset at end of __build_all_zonelists(). 2) Use mutex to protect zone->pageset when it's still shared in onlined_pages() Otherwises, multiple zones of different nodes would share same boot strapping boot_pageset for same CPU, which will finally cause below kernel panic: ------------[ cut here ]------------ kernel BUG at mm/page_alloc.c:1239! invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP ... Call Trace: [<ffffffff811300c1>] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x131/0x7b0 [<ffffffff81162e67>] alloc_pages_current+0x87/0xd0 [<ffffffff81128407>] __page_cache_alloc+0x67/0x70 [<ffffffff811325f0>] __do_page_cache_readahead+0x120/0x260 [<ffffffff81132751>] ra_submit+0x21/0x30 [<ffffffff811329c6>] ondemand_readahead+0x166/0x2c0 [<ffffffff81132ba0>] page_cache_async_readahead+0x80/0xa0 [<ffffffff8112a0e4>] generic_file_aio_read+0x364/0x670 [<ffffffff81266cfa>] nfs_file_read+0xca/0x130 [<ffffffff8117b20a>] do_sync_read+0xfa/0x140 [<ffffffff8117bf75>] vfs_read+0xb5/0x1a0 [<ffffffff8117c151>] sys_read+0x51/0x80 [<ffffffff8103c032>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b RIP [<ffffffff8112ff13>] get_page_from_freelist+0x883/0x900 RSP <ffff88000d1e78a8> ---[ end trace 4bda28328b9990db ] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: merge fix] Signed-off-by: Haicheng Li <haicheng.li@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <andi.kleen@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-20x86, kgdb, init: Add early and late debug statesJason Wessel1-2/+2
The kernel debugger can operate well before mm_init(), but the x86 hardware breakpoint code which uses the perf api requires that the kernel allocators are initialized. This means the kernel debug core needs to provide an optional arch specific call back to allow the initialization functions to run after the kernel has been further initialized. The kdb shell already had a similar restriction with an early initialization and late initialization. The kdb_init() was moved into the debug core's version of the late init which is called dbg_late_init(); CC: kgdb-bugreport@lists.sourceforge.net Signed-off-by: Jason Wessel <jason.wessel@windriver.com>
2010-05-20kdb: core for kgdb back end (2 of 2)Jason Wessel1-0/+2
This patch contains the hooks and instrumentation into kernel which live outside the kernel/debug directory, which the kdb core will call to run commands like lsmod, dmesg, bt etc... CC: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Jason Wessel <jason.wessel@windriver.com> Signed-off-by: Martin Hicks <mort@sgi.com>
2010-03-30include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.hTejun Heo1-1/+1
percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being included when building most .c files. percpu.h includes slab.h which in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies. percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed. Prepare for this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those headers directly instead of assuming availability. As this conversion needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is used as the basis of conversion. http://userweb.kernel.org/~tj/misc/slabh-sweep.py The script does the followings. * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that only the necessary includes are there. ie. if only gfp is used, gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h. * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms to its surrounding. It's put in the include block which contains core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered - alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there doesn't seem to be any matching order. * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the file. The conversion was done in the following steps. 1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h and ~3000 slab.h inclusions. The script emitted errors for ~400 files. 2. Each error was manually checked. Some didn't need the inclusion, some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or embedding .c file was more appropriate for others. This step added inclusions to around 150 files. 3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits from #2 to make sure no file was left behind. 4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed. e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually. 5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell. Most gfp.h inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros. Each slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as necessary. 6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h. 7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures were fixed. CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq). * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config. * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig * ia64 SMP allmodconfig * s390 SMP allmodconfig * alpha SMP allmodconfig * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig 8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as a separate patch and serve as bisection point. Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step 6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch. If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of the specific arch. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Guess-its-ok-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
2010-03-24cpuset: fix the problem that cpuset_mem_spread_node() returns an offline nodeMiao Xie1-1/+1
cpuset_mem_spread_node() returns an offline node, and causes an oops. This patch fixes it by initializing task->mems_allowed to node_states[N_HIGH_MEMORY], and updating task->mems_allowed when doing memory hotplug. Signed-off-by: Miao Xie <miaox@cn.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Reported-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Tested-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Paul Menage <menage@google.com> Cc: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-06init/main.c: make setup_max_cpus static for !SMPH Hartley Sweeten1-1/+1
The only in tree external users of the symbol setup_max_cpus are in arch/x86/. The files ./kernel/alternative.c, ./kernel/visws_quirks.c, and ./mm/kmemcheck/kmemcheck.c are all guarded by CONFIG_SMP being defined. For this case the symbol is an unsigned int and declared as an extern in include/linux/smp.h. When CONFIG_SMP is not defined the symbol setup_max_cpus is a constant value that is only used in init/main.c. Make the symbol static for this case. Signed-off-by: H Hartley Sweeten <hsweeten@visionengravers.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-06init/main.c: improve usability in case of init binary failureAndreas Mohr1-1/+2
- new Documentation/init.txt file describing various forms of failure trying to load the init binary after kernel bootup - extend the init/main.c init failure message to direct to Documentation/init.txt Signed-off-by: Andreas Mohr <andi@lisas.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-06mm/pm: force GFP_NOIO during suspend/hibernation and resumeRafael J. Wysocki1-1/+1
There are quite a few GFP_KERNEL memory allocations made during suspend/hibernation and resume that may cause the system to hang, because the I/O operations they depend on cannot be completed due to the underlying devices being suspended. Avoid this problem by clearing the __GFP_IO and __GFP_FS bits in gfp_allowed_mask before suspend/hibernation and restoring the original values of these bits in gfp_allowed_mask durig the subsequent resume. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix CONFIG_PM=n linkage] Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> Reported-by: Maxim Levitsky <maximlevitsky@gmail.com> Cc: Sebastian Ott <sebott@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>