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2009-04-16Driver Core: early platform driverMagnus Damm1-1/+6
V3 of the early platform driver implementation. Platform drivers are great for embedded platforms because we can separate driver configuration from the actual driver. So base addresses, interrupts and other configuration can be kept with the processor or board code, and the platform driver can be reused by many different platforms. For early devices we have nothing today. For instance, to configure early timers and early serial ports we cannot use platform devices. This because the setup order during boot. Timers are needed before the platform driver core code is available. The same goes for early printk support. Early in this case means before initcalls. These early drivers today have their configuration either hard coded or they receive it using some special configuration method. This is working quite well, but if we want to support both regular kernel modules and early devices then we need to have two ways of configuring the same driver. A single way would be better. The early platform driver patch is basically a set of functions that allow drivers to register themselves and architecture code to locate them and probe. Registration happens through early_param(). The time for the probe is decided by the architecture code. See Documentation/driver-model/platform.txt for more details. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Magnus Damm <damm@igel.co.jp> Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org> Cc: David Brownell <david-b@pacbell.net> Cc: Tejun Heo <htejun@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
2009-04-02Merge branch 'tracing/core-v2' into tracing-for-linusIngo Molnar1-2/+3
Conflicts: include/linux/slub_def.h lib/Kconfig.debug mm/slob.c mm/slub.c
2009-04-01init/main.c: fix sparse warnings: context imbalanceHannes Eder1-0/+1
Impact: Attribute function 'init_post' with __releases(...). Fix these sparse warnings: init/main.c:805:21: warning: context imbalance in 'init_post' - unexpected unlock init/main.c:899:9: warning: context imbalance in 'kernel_init' - wrong count at exit Signed-off-by: Hannes Eder <hannes@hanneseder.net> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-03-30cpumask: use set_cpu_active in init/main.cRusty Russell1-2/+1
cpu_active_map is deprecated in favor of cpu_active_mask, which is const for safety: we use accessors now (set_cpu_active) is we really want to make a change. Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2009-03-30cpumask: remove dangerous CPU_MASK_ALL_PTR, &CPU_MASK_ALLRusty Russell1-1/+1
Impact: cleanup (Thanks to Al Viro for reminding me of this, via Ingo) CPU_MASK_ALL is the (deprecated) "all bits set" cpumask, defined as so: #define CPU_MASK_ALL (cpumask_t) { { ... } } Taking the address of such a temporary is questionable at best, unfortunately 321a8e9d (cpumask: add CPU_MASK_ALL_PTR macro) added CPU_MASK_ALL_PTR: #define CPU_MASK_ALL_PTR (&CPU_MASK_ALL) Which formalizes this practice. One day gcc could bite us over this usage (though we seem to have gotten away with it so far). So replace everywhere which used &CPU_MASK_ALL or CPU_MASK_ALL_PTR with the modern "cpu_all_mask" (a real const struct cpumask *). Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Reported-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Mike Travis <travis@sgi.com>
2009-03-27Merge branch 'core/percpu' into percpu-cpumask-x86-for-linus-2Ingo Molnar1-6/+13
Conflicts: arch/parisc/kernel/irq.c arch/x86/include/asm/fixmap_64.h arch/x86/include/asm/setup.h kernel/irq/handle.c Semantic merge: arch/x86/include/asm/fixmap.h Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-03-25init,cpuset: fix initialize orderLai Jiangshan1-2/+1
Impact: cpuset_wq should be initialized after init_workqueues() When I read /debugfs/tracing/trace_stat/workqueues, I got this: # CPU INSERTED EXECUTED NAME # | | | | 0 0 0 cpuset 0 285 285 events/0 0 2 2 work_on_cpu/0 0 1115 1115 khelper 0 325 325 kblockd/0 0 0 0 kacpid 0 0 0 kacpi_notify 0 0 0 ata/0 0 0 0 ata_aux 0 0 0 ksuspend_usbd 0 0 0 aio/0 0 0 0 nfsiod 0 0 0 kpsmoused 0 0 0 kstriped 0 0 0 kondemand/0 0 1 1 hid_compat 0 0 0 rpciod/0 1 64 64 events/1 1 2 2 work_on_cpu/1 1 5 5 kblockd/1 1 0 0 ata/1 1 0 0 aio/1 1 0 0 kondemand/1 1 0 0 rpciod/1 I found "cpuset" is at the earliest. I found a create_singlethread_workqueue() is earlier than init_workqueues(): kernel_init() ->cpuset_init_smp() ->create_singlethread_workqueue() ->do_basic_setup() ->init_workqueues() I think it's better that create_singlethread_workqueue() is called after workqueue subsystem has been initialized. Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com> Acked-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Paul Menage <menage@google.com> Cc: miaoxie <miaox@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> LKML-Reference: <49C9F416.1050707@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-03-06Merge branch 'x86/core' into tracing/texteditIngo Molnar1-6/+13
Conflicts: arch/x86/Kconfig block/blktrace.c kernel/irq/handle.c Semantic conflict: kernel/trace/blktrace.c Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-03-05Merge branch 'x86/urgent' into x86/coreIngo Molnar1-1/+2
Conflicts: arch/x86/include/asm/fixmap_64.h Semantic merge: arch/x86/include/asm/fixmap.h Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-03-04Merge branch 'tracing/ftrace'; commit 'v2.6.29-rc7' into tracing/coreIngo Molnar1-1/+2
2009-02-26rcu: Teach RCU that idle task is not quiscent state at bootPaul E. McKenney1-1/+2
This patch fixes a bug located by Vegard Nossum with the aid of kmemcheck, updated based on review comments from Nick Piggin, Ingo Molnar, and Andrew Morton. And cleans up the variable-name and function-name language. ;-) The boot CPU runs in the context of its idle thread during boot-up. During this time, idle_cpu(0) will always return nonzero, which will fool Classic and Hierarchical RCU into deciding that a large chunk of the boot-up sequence is a big long quiescent state. This in turn causes RCU to prematurely end grace periods during this time. This patch changes the rcutree.c and rcuclassic.c rcu_check_callbacks() function to ignore the idle task as a quiescent state until the system has started up the scheduler in rest_init(), introducing a new non-API function rcu_idle_now_means_idle() to inform RCU of this transition. RCU maintains an internal rcu_idle_cpu_truthful variable to track this state, which is then used by rcu_check_callback() to determine if it should believe idle_cpu(). Because this patch has the effect of disallowing RCU grace periods during long stretches of the boot-up sequence, this patch also introduces Josh Triplett's UP-only optimization that makes synchronize_rcu() be a no-op if num_online_cpus() returns 1. This allows boot-time code that calls synchronize_rcu() to proceed normally. Note, however, that RCU callbacks registered by call_rcu() will likely queue up until later in the boot sequence. Although rcuclassic and rcutree can also use this same optimization after boot completes, rcupreempt must restrict its use of this optimization to the portion of the boot sequence before the scheduler starts up, given that an rcupreempt RCU read-side critical section may be preeempted. In addition, this patch takes Nick Piggin's suggestion to make the system_state global variable be __read_mostly. Changes since v4: o Changes the name of the introduced function and variable to be less emotional. ;-) Changes since v3: o WARN_ON(nr_context_switches() > 0) to verify that RCU switches out of boot-time mode before the first context switch, as suggested by Nick Piggin. Changes since v2: o Created rcu_blocking_is_gp() internal-to-RCU API that determines whether a call to synchronize_rcu() is itself a grace period. o The definition of rcu_blocking_is_gp() for rcuclassic and rcutree checks to see if but a single CPU is online. o The definition of rcu_blocking_is_gp() for rcupreempt checks to see both if but a single CPU is online and if the system is still in early boot. This allows rcupreempt to again work correctly if running on a single CPU after booting is complete. o Added check to rcupreempt's synchronize_sched() for there being but one online CPU. Tested all three variants both SMP and !SMP, booted fine, passed a short rcutorture test on both x86 and Power. Located-by: Vegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@gmail.com> Tested-by: Vegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@gmail.com> Tested-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-02-05smp, generic: introduce arch_disable_smp_support() instead of disable_ioapic_setup()Ingo Molnar1-6/+6
Impact: cleanup disable_ioapic_setup() in init/main.c is ugly as the function is x86-specific. The #ifdef inline prototype there is ugly too. Replace it with a generic arch_disable_smp_support() function - which has a weak alias for non-x86 architectures and for non-ioapic x86 builds. Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-01-18Merge branch 'core/percpu' into stackprotectorIngo Molnar1-35/+13
Conflicts: arch/x86/include/asm/pda.h arch/x86/include/asm/system.h Also, moved include/asm-x86/stackprotector.h to arch/x86/include/asm. Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-01-11Merge commit 'v2.6.29-rc1' into tracing/urgentIngo Molnar1-8/+9
2009-01-07Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arjan/linux-2.6-asyncLinus Torvalds1-1/+4
* git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arjan/linux-2.6-async: async: don't do the initcall stuff post boot bootchart: improve output based on Dave Jones' feedback async: make the final inode deletion an asynchronous event fastboot: Make libata initialization even more async fastboot: make the libata port scan asynchronous fastboot: make scsi probes asynchronous async: Asynchronous function calls to speed up kernel boot
2009-01-07Merge branch 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/trivialLinus Torvalds1-1/+2
* 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/trivial: (24 commits) trivial: chack -> check typo fix in main Makefile trivial: Add a space (and a comma) to a printk in 8250 driver trivial: Fix misspelling of "firmware" in docs for ncr53c8xx/sym53c8xx trivial: Fix misspelling of "firmware" in powerpc Makefile trivial: Fix misspelling of "firmware" in usb.c trivial: Fix misspelling of "firmware" in qla1280.c trivial: Fix misspelling of "firmware" in a100u2w.c trivial: Fix misspelling of "firmware" in megaraid.c trivial: Fix misspelling of "firmware" in ql4_mbx.c trivial: Fix misspelling of "firmware" in acpi_memhotplug.c trivial: Fix misspelling of "firmware" in ipw2100.c trivial: Fix misspelling of "firmware" in atmel.c trivial: Fix misspelled firmware in Kconfig trivial: fix an -> a typos in documentation and comments trivial: fix then -> than typos in comments and documentation trivial: update Jesper Juhl CREDITS entry with new email trivial: fix singal -> signal typo trivial: Fix incorrect use of "loose" in event.c trivial: printk: fix indentation of new_text_line declaration trivial: rtc-stk17ta8: fix sparse warning ...
2009-01-07async: Asynchronous function calls to speed up kernel bootArjan van de Ven1-1/+4
Right now, most of the kernel boot is strictly synchronous, such that various hardware delays are done sequentially. In order to make the kernel boot faster, this patch introduces infrastructure to allow doing some of the initialization steps asynchronously, which will hide significant portions of the hardware delays in practice. In order to not change device order and other similar observables, this patch does NOT do full parallel initialization. Rather, it operates more in the way an out of order CPU does; the work may be done out of order and asynchronous, but the observable effects (instruction retiring for the CPU) are still done in the original sequence. Signed-off-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>
2009-01-06init/main.c: mark late_time_init as __initdataJan Beulich1-1/+1
Signed-off-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@novell.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-01-06Remove remaining unwinder codeAlexey Dobriyan1-3/+0
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Cc: Gabor Gombas <gombasg@sztaki.hu> Cc: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@novell.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>, Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-01-06init: properly placing noinline keywordRakib Mullick1-2/+2
checkpatch warns about 'static void noinline'. It wants `static noinline void'. Both are permissible, but the kernel consistently uses `static inline' and `static noinline', and consistency is good. Hence let's keep the checkpatch warning and fix up this code site. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: rewrote changelog] Signed-off-by: Md.Rakib H. Mullick <rakib.mullick@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-01-06trivial: add missing printk loglevel in start_kernelRon Lee1-1/+2
Add missing printk loglevel in start_kernel Signed-off-by: Ron Lee <ron@debian.org> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2009-01-06Merge branch 'linus' into tracing/kmemtrace2Ingo Molnar1-27/+4
2009-01-03Merge branch 'cpus4096-for-linus-3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tipLinus Torvalds1-9/+4
* 'cpus4096-for-linus-3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip: (77 commits) x86: setup_per_cpu_areas() cleanup cpumask: fix compile error when CONFIG_NR_CPUS is not defined cpumask: use alloc_cpumask_var_node where appropriate cpumask: convert shared_cpu_map in acpi_processor* structs to cpumask_var_t x86: use cpumask_var_t in acpi/boot.c x86: cleanup some remaining usages of NR_CPUS where s/b nr_cpu_ids sched: put back some stack hog changes that were undone in kernel/sched.c x86: enable cpus display of kernel_max and offlined cpus ia64: cpumask fix for is_affinity_mask_valid() cpumask: convert RCU implementations, fix xtensa: define __fls mn10300: define __fls m32r: define __fls h8300: define __fls frv: define __fls cris: define __fls cpumask: CONFIG_DISABLE_OBSOLETE_CPUMASK_FUNCTIONS cpumask: zero extra bits in alloc_cpumask_var_node cpumask: replace for_each_cpu_mask_nr with for_each_cpu in kernel/time/ cpumask: convert mm/ ...
2009-01-02kbuild: Remove gcc 4.1.0 quirk from init/main.cIngo Molnar1-9/+0
Impact: cleanup We now have a cleaner check for gcc 4.1.0/4.1.1 trouble in include/linux/compiler-gcc4.h, so remove the 4.1.0 quirk from init/main.c. Reported-by: Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz <bzolnier@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Acked-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-01-01cpumask: Use find_last_bit()Rusty Russell1-6/+1
Impact: cleanup There's one obvious place to use it: to find the highest possible cpu. Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2009-01-01cpumask: Use accessors code in coreRusty Russell1-3/+3
Impact: use new API cpu_*_map are going away in favour of cpu_*_mask, but const pointers. So we have accessors where we really do want to frob them. Archs will also need the (trivial) conversion before we can finally remove cpu_*_map. Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Mike Travis <travis@sgi.com>
2008-12-31Merge branch 'irq-fixes-for-linus-4' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tipLinus Torvalds1-9/+0
* 'irq-fixes-for-linus-4' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip: sparseirq: move __weak symbols into separate compilation unit sparseirq: work around __weak alias bug sparseirq: fix hang with !SPARSE_IRQ sparseirq: set lock_class for legacy irq when sparse_irq is selected sparseirq: work around compiler optimizing away __weak functions sparseirq: fix desc->lock init sparseirq: do not printk when migrating IRQ descriptors sparseirq: remove duplicated arch_early_irq_init() irq: simplify for_each_irq_desc() usage proc: remove ifdef CONFIG_SPARSE_IRQ from stat.c irq: for_each_irq_desc() move to irqnr.h hrtimer: remove #include <linux/irq.h>
2008-12-31Merge branch 'linus' into stackprotectorIngo Molnar1-23/+42
Conflicts: arch/x86/include/asm/pda.h kernel/fork.c
2008-12-31Merge branch 'tracing/kmemtrace' into tracing/kmemtrace2Ingo Molnar1-0/+11
2008-12-31Merge branch 'linus' into tracing/kmemtraceIngo Molnar1-0/+11
Conflicts: mm/slub.c
2008-12-30Merge branch 'irq-core-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tipLinus Torvalds1-0/+11
* 'irq-core-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip: x86, sparseirq: clean up Kconfig entry x86: turn CONFIG_SPARSE_IRQ off by default sparseirq: fix numa_migrate_irq_desc dependency and comments sparseirq: add kernel-doc notation for new member in irq_desc, -v2 locking, irq: enclose irq_desc_lock_class in CONFIG_LOCKDEP sparseirq, xen: make sure irq_desc is allocated for interrupts sparseirq: fix !SMP building, #2 x86, sparseirq: move irq_desc according to smp_affinity, v7 proc: enclose desc variable of show_stat() in CONFIG_SPARSE_IRQ sparse irqs: add irqnr.h to the user headers list sparse irqs: handle !GENIRQ platforms sparseirq: fix !SMP && !PCI_MSI && !HT_IRQ build sparseirq: fix Alpha build failure sparseirq: fix typo in !CONFIG_IO_APIC case x86, MSI: pass irq_cfg and irq_desc x86: MSI start irq numbering from nr_irqs_gsi x86: use NR_IRQS_LEGACY sparse irq_desc[] array: core kernel and x86 changes genirq: record IRQ_LEVEL in irq_desc[] irq.h: remove padding from irq_desc on 64bits
2008-12-30tracing/kmemtrace: normalize the raw tracer event to the unified tracing APIFrederic Weisbecker1-1/+1
Impact: new tracer plugin This patch adapts kmemtrace raw events tracing to the unified tracing API. To enable and use this tracer, just do the following: echo kmemtrace > /debugfs/tracing/current_tracer cat /debugfs/tracing/trace You will have the following output: # tracer: kmemtrace # # # ALLOC TYPE REQ GIVEN FLAGS POINTER NODE CALLER # FREE | | | | | | | | # | type_id 1 call_site 18446744071565527833 ptr 18446612134395152256 type_id 0 call_site 18446744071565585597 ptr 18446612134405955584 bytes_req 4096 bytes_alloc 4096 gfp_flags 208 node -1 type_id 1 call_site 18446744071565585534 ptr 18446612134405955584 type_id 0 call_site 18446744071565585597 ptr 18446612134405955584 bytes_req 4096 bytes_alloc 4096 gfp_flags 208 node -1 type_id 0 call_site 18446744071565636711 ptr 18446612134345164672 bytes_req 240 bytes_alloc 240 gfp_flags 208 node -1 type_id 1 call_site 18446744071565585534 ptr 18446612134405955584 type_id 0 call_site 18446744071565585597 ptr 18446612134405955584 bytes_req 4096 bytes_alloc 4096 gfp_flags 208 node -1 type_id 0 call_site 18446744071565636711 ptr 18446612134345164912 bytes_req 240 bytes_alloc 240 gfp_flags 208 node -1 type_id 1 call_site 18446744071565585534 ptr 18446612134405955584 type_id 0 call_site 18446744071565585597 ptr 18446612134405955584 bytes_req 4096 bytes_alloc 4096 gfp_flags 208 node -1 type_id 0 call_site 18446744071565636711 ptr 18446612134345165152 bytes_req 240 bytes_alloc 240 gfp_flags 208 node -1 type_id 0 call_site 18446744071566144042 ptr 18446612134346191680 bytes_req 1304 bytes_alloc 1312 gfp_flags 208 node -1 type_id 1 call_site 18446744071565585534 ptr 18446612134405955584 type_id 0 call_site 18446744071565585597 ptr 18446612134405955584 bytes_req 4096 bytes_alloc 4096 gfp_flags 208 node -1 type_id 1 call_site 18446744071565585534 ptr 18446612134405955584 That was to stay backward compatible with the format output produced in inux/tracepoint.h. This is the default ouput, but note that I tried something else. If you change an option: echo kmem_minimalistic > /debugfs/trace_options and then cat /debugfs/trace, you will have the following output: # tracer: kmemtrace # # # ALLOC TYPE REQ GIVEN FLAGS POINTER NODE CALLER # FREE | | | | | | | | # | - C 0xffff88007c088780 file_free_rcu + K 4096 4096 000000d0 0xffff88007cad6000 -1 getname - C 0xffff88007cad6000 putname + K 4096 4096 000000d0 0xffff88007cad6000 -1 getname + K 240 240 000000d0 0xffff8800790dc780 -1 d_alloc - C 0xffff88007cad6000 putname + K 4096 4096 000000d0 0xffff88007cad6000 -1 getname + K 240 240 000000d0 0xffff8800790dc870 -1 d_alloc - C 0xffff88007cad6000 putname + K 4096 4096 000000d0 0xffff88007cad6000 -1 getname + K 240 240 000000d0 0xffff8800790dc960 -1 d_alloc + K 1304 1312 000000d0 0xffff8800791d7340 -1 reiserfs_alloc_inode - C 0xffff88007cad6000 putname + K 4096 4096 000000d0 0xffff88007cad6000 -1 getname - C 0xffff88007cad6000 putname + K 992 1000 000000d0 0xffff880079045b58 -1 alloc_inode + K 768 1024 000080d0 0xffff88007c096400 -1 alloc_pipe_info + K 240 240 000000d0 0xffff8800790dca50 -1 d_alloc + K 272 320 000080d0 0xffff88007c088780 -1 get_empty_filp + K 272 320 000080d0 0xffff88007c088000 -1 get_empty_filp Yeah I shall confess kmem_minimalistic should be: kmem_alternative. Whatever, I find it more readable but this a personal opinion of course. We can drop it if you want. On the ALLOC/FREE column, + means an allocation and - a free. On the type column, you have K = kmalloc, C = cache, P = page I would like the flags to be GFP_* strings but that would not be easy to not break the column with strings.... About the node...it seems to always be -1. I don't know why but that shouldn't be difficult to find. I moved linux/tracepoint.h to trace/tracepoint.h as well. I think that would be more easy to find the tracer headers if they are all in their common directory. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-12-29Merge branch 'topic/kmemtrace' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/penberg/slab-2.6 into tracing/kmemtraceIngo Molnar1-0/+2
2008-12-29kmemtrace: Core implementation.Eduard - Gabriel Munteanu1-0/+2
kmemtrace provides tracing for slab allocator functions, such as kmalloc, kfree, kmem_cache_alloc, kmem_cache_free etc.. Collected data is then fed to the userspace application in order to analyse allocation hotspots, internal fragmentation and so on, making it possible to see how well an allocator performs, as well as debug and profile kernel code. Signed-off-by: Eduard - Gabriel Munteanu <eduard.munteanu@linux360.ro> Signed-off-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
2008-12-29sparseirq: move __weak symbols into separate compilation unitYinghai Lu1-10/+0
GCC has a bug with __weak alias functions: if the functions are in the same compilation unit as their call site, GCC can decide to inline them - and thus rob the linker of the opportunity to override the weak alias with the real thing. So move all the IRQ handling related __weak symbols to kernel/irq/chip.c. Signed-off-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-12-28Merge branch 'tracing-core-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tipLinus Torvalds1-15/+20
* 'tracing-core-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip: (241 commits) sched, trace: update trace_sched_wakeup() tracing/ftrace: don't trace on early stage of a secondary cpu boot, v3 Revert "x86: disable X86_PTRACE_BTS" ring-buffer: prevent false positive warning ring-buffer: fix dangling commit race ftrace: enable format arguments checking x86, bts: memory accounting x86, bts: add fork and exit handling ftrace: introduce tracing_reset_online_cpus() helper tracing: fix warnings in kernel/trace/trace_sched_switch.c tracing: fix warning in kernel/trace/trace.c tracing/ring-buffer: remove unused ring_buffer size trace: fix task state printout ftrace: add not to regex on filtering functions trace: better use of stack_trace_enabled for boot up code trace: add a way to enable or disable the stack tracer x86: entry_64 - introduce FTRACE_ frame macro v2 tracing/ftrace: add the printk-msg-only option tracing/ftrace: use preempt_enable_no_resched_notrace in ring_buffer_time_stamp() x86, bts: correctly report invalid bts records ... Fixed up trivial conflict in scripts/recordmcount.pl due to SH bits being already partly merged by the SH merge.
2008-12-27sparseirq: work around compiler optimizing away __weak functionsYinghai Lu1-3/+4
Impact: fix panic on null pointer with sparseirq Some GCC versions seem to inline the weak global function, when that function is empty. Work it around, by making the functions return a (dummy) integer. Signed-off-by: Yinghai <yinghai@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-12-08sparse irq_desc[] array: core kernel and x86 changesYinghai Lu1-0/+11
Impact: new feature Problem on distro kernels: irq_desc[NR_IRQS] takes megabytes of RAM with NR_CPUS set to large values. The goal is to be able to scale up to much larger NR_IRQS value without impacting the (important) common case. To solve this, we generalize irq_desc[NR_IRQS] to an (optional) array of irq_desc pointers. When CONFIG_SPARSE_IRQ=y is used, we use kzalloc_node to get irq_desc, this also makes the IRQ descriptors NUMA-local (to the site that calls request_irq()). This gets rid of the irq_cfg[] static array on x86 as well: irq_cfg now uses desc->chip_data for x86 to store irq_cfg. Signed-off-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-11-23init/main.c: use ktime accessor function in initcall_debug codeWill Newton1-1/+1
Impact: fix initcall debug output on non-scalar ktime platforms (32-bit embedded) The initcall_debug code access the tv64 member of ktime. This won't work correctly for large deltas on platforms that don't use the scalar ktime implementation. Signed-off-by: Will Newton <will.newton@gmail.com> Acked-by: Tim Bird <tim.bird@am.sony.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-11-14CRED: Inaugurate COW credentialsDavid Howells1-0/+1
Inaugurate copy-on-write credentials management. This uses RCU to manage the credentials pointer in the task_struct with respect to accesses by other tasks. A process may only modify its own credentials, and so does not need locking to access or modify its own credentials. A mutex (cred_replace_mutex) is added to the task_struct to control the effect of PTRACE_ATTACHED on credential calculations, particularly with respect to execve(). With this patch, the contents of an active credentials struct may not be changed directly; rather a new set of credentials must be prepared, modified and committed using something like the following sequence of events: struct cred *new = prepare_creds(); int ret = blah(new); if (ret < 0) { abort_creds(new); return ret; } return commit_creds(new); There are some exceptions to this rule: the keyrings pointed to by the active credentials may be instantiated - keyrings violate the COW rule as managing COW keyrings is tricky, given that it is possible for a task to directly alter the keys in a keyring in use by another task. To help enforce this, various pointers to sets of credentials, such as those in the task_struct, are declared const. The purpose of this is compile-time discouragement of altering credentials through those pointers. Once a set of credentials has been made public through one of these pointers, it may not be modified, except under special circumstances: (1) Its reference count may incremented and decremented. (2) The keyrings to which it points may be modified, but not replaced. The only safe way to modify anything else is to create a replacement and commit using the functions described in Documentation/credentials.txt (which will be added by a later patch). This patch and the preceding patches have been tested with the LTP SELinux testsuite. This patch makes several logical sets of alteration: (1) execve(). This now prepares and commits credentials in various places in the security code rather than altering the current creds directly. (2) Temporary credential overrides. do_coredump() and sys_faccessat() now prepare their own credentials and temporarily override the ones currently on the acting thread, whilst preventing interference from other threads by holding cred_replace_mutex on the thread being dumped. This will be replaced in a future patch by something that hands down the credentials directly to the functions being called, rather than altering the task's objective credentials. (3) LSM interface. A number of functions have been changed, added or removed: (*) security_capset_check(), ->capset_check() (*) security_capset_set(), ->capset_set() Removed in favour of security_capset(). (*) security_capset(), ->capset() New. This is passed a pointer to the new creds, a pointer to the old creds and the proposed capability sets. It should fill in the new creds or return an error. All pointers, barring the pointer to the new creds, are now const. (*) security_bprm_apply_creds(), ->bprm_apply_creds() Changed; now returns a value, which will cause the process to be killed if it's an error. (*) security_task_alloc(), ->task_alloc_security() Removed in favour of security_prepare_creds(). (*) security_cred_free(), ->cred_free() New. Free security data attached to cred->security. (*) security_prepare_creds(), ->cred_prepare() New. Duplicate any security data attached to cred->security. (*) security_commit_creds(), ->cred_commit() New. Apply any security effects for the upcoming installation of new security by commit_creds(). (*) security_task_post_setuid(), ->task_post_setuid() Removed in favour of security_task_fix_setuid(). (*) security_task_fix_setuid(), ->task_fix_setuid() Fix up the proposed new credentials for setuid(). This is used by cap_set_fix_setuid() to implicitly adjust capabilities in line with setuid() changes. Changes are made to the new credentials, rather than the task itself as in security_task_post_setuid(). (*) security_task_reparent_to_init(), ->task_reparent_to_init() Removed. Instead the task being reparented to init is referred directly to init's credentials. NOTE! This results in the loss of some state: SELinux's osid no longer records the sid of the thread that forked it. (*) security_key_alloc(), ->key_alloc() (*) security_key_permission(), ->key_permission() Changed. These now take cred pointers rather than task pointers to refer to the security context. (4) sys_capset(). This has been simplified and uses less locking. The LSM functions it calls have been merged. (5) reparent_to_kthreadd(). This gives the current thread the same credentials as init by simply using commit_thread() to point that way. (6) __sigqueue_alloc() and switch_uid() __sigqueue_alloc() can't stop the target task from changing its creds beneath it, so this function gets a reference to the currently applicable user_struct which it then passes into the sigqueue struct it returns if successful. switch_uid() is now called from commit_creds(), and possibly should be folded into that. commit_creds() should take care of protecting __sigqueue_alloc(). (7) [sg]et[ug]id() and co and [sg]et_current_groups. The set functions now all use prepare_creds(), commit_creds() and abort_creds() to build and check a new set of credentials before applying it. security_task_set[ug]id() is called inside the prepared section. This guarantees that nothing else will affect the creds until we've finished. The calling of set_dumpable() has been moved into commit_creds(). Much of the functionality of set_user() has been moved into commit_creds(). The get functions all simply access the data directly. (8) security_task_prctl() and cap_task_prctl(). security_task_prctl() has been modified to return -ENOSYS if it doesn't want to handle a function, or otherwise return the return value directly rather than through an argument. Additionally, cap_task_prctl() now prepares a new set of credentials, even if it doesn't end up using it. (9) Keyrings. A number of changes have been made to the keyrings code: (a) switch_uid_keyring(), copy_keys(), exit_keys() and suid_keys() have all been dropped and built in to the credentials functions directly. They may want separating out again later. (b) key_alloc() and search_process_keyrings() now take a cred pointer rather than a task pointer to specify the security context. (c) copy_creds() gives a new thread within the same thread group a new thread keyring if its parent had one, otherwise it discards the thread keyring. (d) The authorisation key now points directly to the credentials to extend the search into rather pointing to the task that carries them. (e) Installing thread, process or session keyrings causes a new set of credentials to be created, even though it's not strictly necessary for process or session keyrings (they're shared). (10) Usermode helper. The usermode helper code now carries a cred struct pointer in its subprocess_info struct instead of a new session keyring pointer. This set of credentials is derived from init_cred and installed on the new process after it has been cloned. call_usermodehelper_setup() allocates the new credentials and call_usermodehelper_freeinfo() discards them if they haven't been used. A special cred function (prepare_usermodeinfo_creds()) is provided specifically for call_usermodehelper_setup() to call. call_usermodehelper_setkeys() adjusts the credentials to sport the supplied keyring as the new session keyring. (11) SELinux. SELinux has a number of changes, in addition to those to support the LSM interface changes mentioned above: (a) selinux_setprocattr() no longer does its check for whether the current ptracer can access processes with the new SID inside the lock that covers getting the ptracer's SID. Whilst this lock ensures that the check is done with the ptracer pinned, the result is only valid until the lock is released, so there's no point doing it inside the lock. (12) is_single_threaded(). This function has been extracted from selinux_setprocattr() and put into a file of its own in the lib/ directory as join_session_keyring() now wants to use it too. The code in SELinux just checked to see whether a task shared mm_structs with other tasks (CLONE_VM), but that isn't good enough. We really want to know if they're part of the same thread group (CLONE_THREAD). (13) nfsd. The NFS server daemon now has to use the COW credentials to set the credentials it is going to use. It really needs to pass the credentials down to the functions it calls, but it can't do that until other patches in this series have been applied. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
2008-11-12tracing/fastboot: Use the ring-buffer timestamp for initcall entriesFrederic Weisbecker1-15/+17
Impact: Split the boot tracer entries in two parts: call and return Now that we are using the sched tracer from the boot tracer, we want to use the same timestamp than the ring-buffer to have consistent time captures between sched events and initcall events. So we get rid of the old time capture by the boot tracer and split the initcall events in two parts: call and return. This way we have the ring buffer timestamp of both. An example trace: [ 27.904149584] calling net_ns_init+0x0/0x1c0 @ 1 [ 27.904429624] initcall net_ns_init+0x0/0x1c0 returned 0 after 0 msecs [ 27.904575926] calling reboot_init+0x0/0x20 @ 1 [ 27.904655399] initcall reboot_init+0x0/0x20 returned 0 after 0 msecs [ 27.904800228] calling sysctl_init+0x0/0x30 @ 1 [ 27.905142914] initcall sysctl_init+0x0/0x30 returned 0 after 0 msecs [ 27.905287211] calling ksysfs_init+0x0/0xb0 @ 1 ##### CPU 0 buffer started #### init-1 [000] 27.905395: 1:120:R + [001] 11:115:S ##### CPU 1 buffer started #### <idle>-0 [001] 27.905425: 0:140:R ==> [001] 11:115:R init-1 [000] 27.905426: 1:120:D ==> [000] 0:140:R <idle>-0 [000] 27.905431: 0:140:R + [000] 4:115:S <idle>-0 [000] 27.905451: 0:140:R ==> [000] 4:115:R ksoftirqd/0-4 [000] 27.905456: 4:115:S ==> [000] 0:140:R udevd-11 [001] 27.905458: 11:115:R + [001] 14:115:R <idle>-0 [000] 27.905459: 0:140:R + [000] 4:115:S <idle>-0 [000] 27.905462: 0:140:R ==> [000] 4:115:R udevd-11 [001] 27.905462: 11:115:R ==> [001] 14:115:R ksoftirqd/0-4 [000] 27.905467: 4:115:S ==> [000] 0:140:R <idle>-0 [000] 27.905470: 0:140:R + [000] 4:115:S <idle>-0 [000] 27.905473: 0:140:R ==> [000] 4:115:R ksoftirqd/0-4 [000] 27.905476: 4:115:S ==> [000] 0:140:R <idle>-0 [000] 27.905479: 0:140:R + [000] 4:115:S <idle>-0 [000] 27.905482: 0:140:R ==> [000] 4:115:R ksoftirqd/0-4 [000] 27.905486: 4:115:S ==> [000] 0:140:R udevd-14 [001] 27.905499: 14:120:X ==> [001] 11:115:R udevd-11 [001] 27.905506: 11:115:R + [000] 1:120:D <idle>-0 [000] 27.905515: 0:140:R ==> [000] 1:120:R udevd-11 [001] 27.905517: 11:115:S ==> [001] 0:140:R [ 27.905557107] initcall ksysfs_init+0x0/0xb0 returned 0 after 3906 msecs [ 27.905705736] calling init_jiffies_clocksource+0x0/0x10 @ 1 [ 27.905779239] initcall init_jiffies_clocksource+0x0/0x10 returned 0 after 0 msecs [ 27.906769814] calling pm_init+0x0/0x30 @ 1 [ 27.906853627] initcall pm_init+0x0/0x30 returned 0 after 0 msecs [ 27.906997803] calling pm_disk_init+0x0/0x20 @ 1 [ 27.907076946] initcall pm_disk_init+0x0/0x20 returned 0 after 0 msecs [ 27.907222556] calling swsusp_header_init+0x0/0x30 @ 1 [ 27.907294325] initcall swsusp_header_init+0x0/0x30 returned 0 after 0 msecs [ 27.907439620] calling stop_machine_init+0x0/0x50 @ 1 init-1 [000] 27.907485: 1:120:R + [000] 2:115:S init-1 [000] 27.907490: 1:120:D ==> [000] 2:115:R kthreadd-2 [000] 27.907507: 2:115:R + [001] 15:115:R <idle>-0 [001] 27.907517: 0:140:R ==> [001] 15:115:R kthreadd-2 [000] 27.907517: 2:115:D ==> [000] 0:140:R <idle>-0 [000] 27.907521: 0:140:R + [000] 4:115:S <idle>-0 [000] 27.907524: 0:140:R ==> [000] 4:115:R udevd-15 [001] 27.907527: 15:115:D + [000] 2:115:D ksoftirqd/0-4 [000] 27.907537: 4:115:S ==> [000] 2:115:R udevd-15 [001] 27.907537: 15:115:D ==> [001] 0:140:R kthreadd-2 [000] 27.907546: 2:115:R + [000] 1:120:D kthreadd-2 [000] 27.907550: 2:115:S ==> [000] 1:120:R init-1 [000] 27.907584: 1:120:R + [000] 15: 0:D init-1 [000] 27.907589: 1:120:R + [000] 2:115:S init-1 [000] 27.907593: 1:120:D ==> [000] 15: 0:R udevd-15 [000] 27.907601: 15: 0:S ==> [000] 2:115:R ##### CPU 0 buffer started #### kthreadd-2 [000] 27.907616: 2:115:R + [001] 16:115:R ##### CPU 1 buffer started #### <idle>-0 [001] 27.907620: 0:140:R ==> [001] 16:115:R kthreadd-2 [000] 27.907621: 2:115:D ==> [000] 0:140:R udevd-16 [001] 27.907625: 16:115:D + [000] 2:115:D <idle>-0 [000] 27.907628: 0:140:R + [000] 4:115:S udevd-16 [001] 27.907629: 16:115:D ==> [001] 0:140:R <idle>-0 [000] 27.907631: 0:140:R ==> [000] 4:115:R ksoftirqd/0-4 [000] 27.907636: 4:115:S ==> [000] 2:115:R kthreadd-2 [000] 27.907644: 2:115:R + [000] 1:120:D kthreadd-2 [000] 27.907647: 2:115:S ==> [000] 1:120:R init-1 [000] 27.907657: 1:120:R + [001] 16: 0:D <idle>-0 [001] 27.907666: 0:140:R ==> [001] 16: 0:R [ 27.907703862] initcall stop_machine_init+0x0/0x50 returned 0 after 0 msecs [ 27.907850704] calling filelock_init+0x0/0x30 @ 1 [ 27.907926573] initcall filelock_init+0x0/0x30 returned 0 after 0 msecs [ 27.908071327] calling init_script_binfmt+0x0/0x10 @ 1 [ 27.908165195] initcall init_script_binfmt+0x0/0x10 returned 0 after 0 msecs [ 27.908309461] calling init_elf_binfmt+0x0/0x10 @ 1 Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Acked-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-11-12tracing/fastboot: move boot tracer structs and funcs into their own header.Frederic Weisbecker1-0/+1
Impact: Cleanups on the boot tracer and ftrace This patch bring some cleanups about the boot tracer headers. The functions and structures of this tracer have nothing related to ftrace and should have so their own header file. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Acked-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-11-04tracing/fastboot: Enable boot tracing only during initcallsFrederic Weisbecker1-1/+3
Impact: modify boot tracer We used to disable the initcall tracing at a specified time (IE: end of builtin initcalls). But we don't need it anymore. It will be stopped when initcalls are finished. However we want two things: _Start this tracing only after pre-smp initcalls are finished. _Since we are planning to trace sched_switches at the same time, we want to enable them only during the initcall execution. For this purpose, this patch introduce two functions to enable/disable the sched_switch tracing during boot. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-10-25Revert "Call init_workqueues before pre smp initcalls."Linus Torvalds1-2/+1
This reverts commit a802dd0eb5fc97a50cf1abb1f788a8f6cc5db635 by moving the call to init_workqueues() back where it belongs - after SMP has been initialized. It also moves stop_machine_init() - which needs workqueues - to a later phase using a core_initcall() instead of early_initcall(). That should satisfy all ordering requirements, and was apparently the reason why init_workqueues() was moved to be too early. Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-23Merge branch 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs-2.6Linus Torvalds1-1/+0
* 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs-2.6: (46 commits) [PATCH] fs: add a sanity check in d_free [PATCH] i_version: remount support [patch] vfs: make security_inode_setattr() calling consistent [patch 1/3] FS_MBCACHE: don't needlessly make it built-in [PATCH] move executable checking into ->permission() [PATCH] fs/dcache.c: update comment of d_validate() [RFC PATCH] touch_mnt_namespace when the mount flags change [PATCH] reiserfs: add missing llseek method [PATCH] fix ->llseek for more directories [PATCH vfs-2.6 6/6] vfs: add LOOKUP_RENAME_TARGET intent [PATCH vfs-2.6 5/6] vfs: remove LOOKUP_PARENT from non LOOKUP_PARENT lookup [PATCH vfs-2.6 4/6] vfs: remove unnecessary fsnotify_d_instantiate() [PATCH vfs-2.6 3/6] vfs: add __d_instantiate() helper [PATCH vfs-2.6 2/6] vfs: add d_ancestor() [PATCH vfs-2.6 1/6] vfs: replace parent == dentry->d_parent by IS_ROOT() [PATCH] get rid of on-stack dentry in udf [PATCH 2/2] anondev: switch to IDA [PATCH 1/2] anondev: init IDR statically [JFFS2] Use d_splice_alias() not d_add() in jffs2_lookup() [PATCH] Optimise NFS readdir hack slightly. ...
2008-10-23Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rusty/linux-2.6-for-linusLinus Torvalds1-9/+3
* git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rusty/linux-2.6-for-linus: stop_machine: fix error code handling on multiple cpus stop_machine: use workqueues instead of kernel threads workqueue: introduce create_rt_workqueue Call init_workqueues before pre smp initcalls. Make panic= and panic_on_oops into core_params Make initcall_debug a core_param core_param() for genuinely core kernel parameters param: Fix duplicate module prefixes module: check kernel param length at compile time, not runtime Remove stop_machine during module load v2 module: simplify load_module.
2008-10-23memcg: fix page_cgroup allocationKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki1-0/+2
page_cgroup_init() is called from mem_cgroup_init(). But at this point, we cannot call alloc_bootmem(). (and this caused panic at boot.) This patch moves page_cgroup_init() to init/main.c. Time table is following: == parse_args(). # we can trust mem_cgroup_subsys.disabled bit after this. .... cgroup_init_early() # "early" init of cgroup. .... setup_arch() # memmap is allocated. ... page_cgroup_init(); mem_init(); # we cannot call alloc_bootmem after this. .... cgroup_init() # mem_cgroup is initialized. == Before page_cgroup_init(), mem_map must be initialized. So, I added page_cgroup_init() to init/main.c directly. (*) maybe this is not very clean but - cgroup_init_early() is too early - in cgroup_init(), we have to use vmalloc instead of alloc_bootmem(). use of vmalloc area in x86-32 is important and we should avoid very large vmalloc() in x86-32. So, we want to use alloc_bootmem() and added page_cgroup_init() directly to init/main.c [akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove unneeded/bad mem_cgroup_subsys declaration] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix build] Acked-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Tested-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-23[PATCH 1/2] anondev: init IDR staticallyAlexey Dobriyan1-1/+0
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
2008-10-22Call init_workqueues before pre smp initcalls.Heiko Carstens1-2/+2
This allows to create workqueues from within the context of a pre smp initcall (aka early_initcall). Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2008-10-22Make initcall_debug a core_paramRusty Russell1-7/+1
This is the one I really wanted: now it effects module loading, it makes sense to be able to flip it after boot. Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Acked-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>