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2015-09-11sys_membarrier(): system-wide memory barrier (generic, x86)Mathieu Desnoyers1-0/+12
Here is an implementation of a new system call, sys_membarrier(), which executes a memory barrier on all threads running on the system. It is implemented by calling synchronize_sched(). It can be used to distribute the cost of user-space memory barriers asymmetrically by transforming pairs of memory barriers into pairs consisting of sys_membarrier() and a compiler barrier. For synchronization primitives that distinguish between read-side and write-side (e.g. userspace RCU [1], rwlocks), the read-side can be accelerated significantly by moving the bulk of the memory barrier overhead to the write-side. The existing applications of which I am aware that would be improved by this system call are as follows: * Through Userspace RCU library (http://urcu.so) - DNS server (Knot DNS) https://www.knot-dns.cz/ - Network sniffer (http://netsniff-ng.org/) - Distributed object storage (https://sheepdog.github.io/sheepdog/) - User-space tracing (http://lttng.org) - Network storage system (https://www.gluster.org/) - Virtual routers (https://events.linuxfoundation.org/sites/events/files/slides/DPDK_RCU_0MQ.pdf) - Financial software (https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/3/23/189) Those projects use RCU in userspace to increase read-side speed and scalability compared to locking. Especially in the case of RCU used by libraries, sys_membarrier can speed up the read-side by moving the bulk of the memory barrier cost to synchronize_rcu(). * Direct users of sys_membarrier - core dotnet garbage collector (https://github.com/dotnet/coreclr/issues/198) Microsoft core dotnet GC developers are planning to use the mprotect() side-effect of issuing memory barriers through IPIs as a way to implement Windows FlushProcessWriteBuffers() on Linux. They are referring to sys_membarrier in their github thread, specifically stating that sys_membarrier() is what they are looking for. To explain the benefit of this scheme, let's introduce two example threads: Thread A (non-frequent, e.g. executing liburcu synchronize_rcu()) Thread B (frequent, e.g. executing liburcu rcu_read_lock()/rcu_read_unlock()) In a scheme where all smp_mb() in thread A are ordering memory accesses with respect to smp_mb() present in Thread B, we can change each smp_mb() within Thread A into calls to sys_membarrier() and each smp_mb() within Thread B into compiler barriers "barrier()". Before the change, we had, for each smp_mb() pairs: Thread A Thread B previous mem accesses previous mem accesses smp_mb() smp_mb() following mem accesses following mem accesses After the change, these pairs become: Thread A Thread B prev mem accesses prev mem accesses sys_membarrier() barrier() follow mem accesses follow mem accesses As we can see, there are two possible scenarios: either Thread B memory accesses do not happen concurrently with Thread A accesses (1), or they do (2). 1) Non-concurrent Thread A vs Thread B accesses: Thread A Thread B prev mem accesses sys_membarrier() follow mem accesses prev mem accesses barrier() follow mem accesses In this case, thread B accesses will be weakly ordered. This is OK, because at that point, thread A is not particularly interested in ordering them with respect to its own accesses. 2) Concurrent Thread A vs Thread B accesses Thread A Thread B prev mem accesses prev mem accesses sys_membarrier() barrier() follow mem accesses follow mem accesses In this case, thread B accesses, which are ensured to be in program order thanks to the compiler barrier, will be "upgraded" to full smp_mb() by synchronize_sched(). * Benchmarks On Intel Xeon E5405 (8 cores) (one thread is calling sys_membarrier, the other 7 threads are busy looping) 1000 non-expedited sys_membarrier calls in 33s =3D 33 milliseconds/call. * User-space user of this system call: Userspace RCU library Both the signal-based and the sys_membarrier userspace RCU schemes permit us to remove the memory barrier from the userspace RCU rcu_read_lock() and rcu_read_unlock() primitives, thus significantly accelerating them. These memory barriers are replaced by compiler barriers on the read-side, and all matching memory barriers on the write-side are turned into an invocation of a memory barrier on all active threads in the process. By letting the kernel perform this synchronization rather than dumbly sending a signal to every process threads (as we currently do), we diminish the number of unnecessary wake ups and only issue the memory barriers on active threads. Non-running threads do not need to execute such barrier anyway, because these are implied by the scheduler context switches. Results in liburcu: Operations in 10s, 6 readers, 2 writers: memory barriers in reader: 1701557485 reads, 2202847 writes signal-based scheme: 9830061167 reads, 6700 writes sys_membarrier: 9952759104 reads, 425 writes sys_membarrier (dyn. check): 7970328887 reads, 425 writes The dynamic sys_membarrier availability check adds some overhead to the read-side compared to the signal-based scheme, but besides that, sys_membarrier slightly outperforms the signal-based scheme. However, this non-expedited sys_membarrier implementation has a much slower grace period than signal and memory barrier schemes. Besides diminishing the number of wake-ups, one major advantage of the membarrier system call over the signal-based scheme is that it does not need to reserve a signal. This plays much more nicely with libraries, and with processes injected into for tracing purposes, for which we cannot expect that signals will be unused by the application. An expedited version of this system call can be added later on to speed up the grace period. Its implementation will likely depend on reading the cpu_curr()->mm without holding each CPU's rq lock. This patch adds the system call to x86 and to asm-generic. [1] http://urcu.so membarrier(2) man page: MEMBARRIER(2) Linux Programmer's Manual MEMBARRIER(2) NAME membarrier - issue memory barriers on a set of threads SYNOPSIS #include <linux/membarrier.h> int membarrier(int cmd, int flags); DESCRIPTION The cmd argument is one of the following: MEMBARRIER_CMD_QUERY Query the set of supported commands. It returns a bitmask of supported commands. MEMBARRIER_CMD_SHARED Execute a memory barrier on all threads running on the system. Upon return from system call, the caller thread is ensured that all running threads have passed through a state where all memory accesses to user-space addresses match program order between entry to and return from the system call (non-running threads are de facto in such a state). This covers threads from all pro=E2=80=90 cesses running on the system. This command returns 0. The flags argument needs to be 0. For future extensions. All memory accesses performed in program order from each targeted thread is guaranteed to be ordered with respect to sys_membarrier(). If we use the semantic "barrier()" to represent a compiler barrier forcing memory accesses to be performed in program order across the barrier, and smp_mb() to represent explicit memory barriers forcing full memory ordering across the barrier, we have the following ordering table for each pair of barrier(), sys_membarrier() and smp_mb(): The pair ordering is detailed as (O: ordered, X: not ordered): barrier() smp_mb() sys_membarrier() barrier() X X O smp_mb() X O O sys_membarrier() O O O RETURN VALUE On success, these system calls return zero. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately. For a given command, with flags argument set to 0, this system call is guaranteed to always return the same value until reboot. ERRORS ENOSYS System call is not implemented. EINVAL Invalid arguments. Linux 2015-04-15 MEMBARRIER(2) Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Reviewed-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Nicholas Miell <nmiell@comcast.net> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Alan Cox <gnomes@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk> Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Stephen Hemminger <stephen@networkplumber.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Pranith Kumar <bobby.prani@gmail.com> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Cc: Shuah Khan <shuahkh@osg.samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-09-10kexec: split kexec_load syscall from kexec core codeDave Young1-2/+2
There are two kexec load syscalls, kexec_load another and kexec_file_load. kexec_file_load has been splited as kernel/kexec_file.c. In this patch I split kexec_load syscall code to kernel/kexec.c. And add a new kconfig option KEXEC_CORE, so we can disable kexec_load and use kexec_file_load only, or vice verse. The original requirement is from Ted Ts'o, he want kexec kernel signature being checked with CONFIG_KEXEC_VERIFY_SIG enabled. But kexec-tools use kexec_load syscall can bypass the checking. Vivek Goyal proposed to create a common kconfig option so user can compile in only one syscall for loading kexec kernel. KEXEC/KEXEC_FILE selects KEXEC_CORE so that old config files still work. Because there's general code need CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE, so I updated all the architecture Kconfig with a new option KEXEC_CORE, and let KEXEC selects KEXEC_CORE in arch Kconfig. Also updated general kernel code with to kexec_load syscall. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com> Cc: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Cc: Petr Tesarik <ptesarik@suse.cz> Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: Josh Boyer <jwboyer@fedoraproject.org> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-09-10kmod: use system_unbound_wq instead of khelperFrederic Weisbecker1-1/+0
We need to launch the usermodehelper kernel threads with the widest affinity and this is partly why we use khelper. This workqueue has unbound properties and thus a wide affinity inherited by all its children. Now khelper also has special properties that we aren't much interested in: ordered and singlethread. There is really no need about ordering as all we do is creating kernel threads. This can be done concurrently. And singlethread is a useless limitation as well. The workqueue engine already proposes generic unbound workqueues that don't share these useless properties and handle well parallel jobs. The only worrysome specific is their affinity to the node of the current CPU. It's fine for creating the usermodehelper kernel threads but those inherit this affinity for longer jobs such as requesting modules. This patch proposes to use these node affine unbound workqueues assuming that a node is sufficient to handle several parallel usermodehelper requests. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-09-08Merge branch 'next' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jmorris/linux-securityLinus Torvalds1-19/+21
Pull security subsystem updates from James Morris: "Highlights: - PKCS#7 support added to support signed kexec, also utilized for module signing. See comments in 3f1e1bea. ** NOTE: this requires linking against the OpenSSL library, which must be installed, e.g. the openssl-devel on Fedora ** - Smack - add IPv6 host labeling; ignore labels on kernel threads - support smack labeling mounts which use binary mount data - SELinux: - add ioctl whitelisting (see http://kernsec.org/files/lss2015/vanderstoep.pdf) - fix mprotect PROT_EXEC regression caused by mm change - Seccomp: - add ptrace options for suspend/resume" * 'next' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jmorris/linux-security: (57 commits) PKCS#7: Add OIDs for sha224, sha284 and sha512 hash algos and use them Documentation/Changes: Now need OpenSSL devel packages for module signing scripts: add extract-cert and sign-file to .gitignore modsign: Handle signing key in source tree modsign: Use if_changed rule for extracting cert from module signing key Move certificate handling to its own directory sign-file: Fix warning about BIO_reset() return value PKCS#7: Add MODULE_LICENSE() to test module Smack - Fix build error with bringup unconfigured sign-file: Document dependency on OpenSSL devel libraries PKCS#7: Appropriately restrict authenticated attributes and content type KEYS: Add a name for PKEY_ID_PKCS7 PKCS#7: Improve and export the X.509 ASN.1 time object decoder modsign: Use extract-cert to process CONFIG_SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS extract-cert: Cope with multiple X.509 certificates in a single file sign-file: Generate CMS message as signature instead of PKCS#7 PKCS#7: Support CMS messages also [RFC5652] X.509: Change recorded SKID & AKID to not include Subject or Issuer PKCS#7: Check content type and versions MAINTAINERS: The keyrings mailing list has moved ...
2015-09-05Merge branch 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfsLinus Torvalds1-1/+0
Pull vfs updates from Al Viro: "In this one: - d_move fixes (Eric Biederman) - UFS fixes (me; locking is mostly sane now, a bunch of bugs in error handling ought to be fixed) - switch of sb_writers to percpu rwsem (Oleg Nesterov) - superblock scalability (Josef Bacik and Dave Chinner) - swapon(2) race fix (Hugh Dickins)" * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: (65 commits) vfs: Test for and handle paths that are unreachable from their mnt_root dcache: Reduce the scope of i_lock in d_splice_alias dcache: Handle escaped paths in prepend_path mm: fix potential data race in SyS_swapon inode: don't softlockup when evicting inodes inode: rename i_wb_list to i_io_list sync: serialise per-superblock sync operations inode: convert inode_sb_list_lock to per-sb inode: add hlist_fake to avoid the inode hash lock in evict writeback: plug writeback at a high level change sb_writers to use percpu_rw_semaphore shift percpu_counter_destroy() into destroy_super_work() percpu-rwsem: kill CONFIG_PERCPU_RWSEM percpu-rwsem: introduce percpu_rwsem_release() and percpu_rwsem_acquire() percpu-rwsem: introduce percpu_down_read_trylock() document rwsem_release() in sb_wait_write() fix the broken lockdep logic in __sb_start_write() introduce __sb_writers_{acquired,release}() helpers ufs_inode_get{frag,block}(): get rid of 'phys' argument ufs_getfrag_block(): tidy up a bit ...
2015-09-05Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)Linus Torvalds1-0/+18
Merge patch-bomb from Andrew Morton: - a few misc things - Andy's "ambient capabilities" - fs/nofity updates - the ocfs2 queue - kernel/watchdog.c updates and feature work. - some of MM. Includes Andrea's userfaultfd feature. [ Hadn't noticed that userfaultfd was 'default y' when applying the patches, so that got fixed in this merge instead. We do _not_ mark new features that nobody uses yet 'default y' - Linus ] * emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (118 commits) mm/hugetlb.c: make vma_has_reserves() return bool mm/madvise.c: make madvise_behaviour_valid() return bool mm/memory.c: make tlb_next_batch() return bool mm/dmapool.c: change is_page_busy() return from int to bool mm: remove struct node_active_region mremap: simplify the "overlap" check in mremap_to() mremap: don't do uneccesary checks if new_len == old_len mremap: don't do mm_populate(new_addr) on failure mm: move ->mremap() from file_operations to vm_operations_struct mremap: don't leak new_vma if f_op->mremap() fails mm/hugetlb.c: make vma_shareable() return bool mm: make GUP handle pfn mapping unless FOLL_GET is requested mm: fix status code which move_pages() returns for zero page mm: memcontrol: bring back the VM_BUG_ON() in mem_cgroup_swapout() genalloc: add support of multiple gen_pools per device genalloc: add name arg to gen_pool_get() and devm_gen_pool_create() mm/memblock: WARN_ON when nid differs from overlap region Documentation/features/vm: add feature description and arch support status for batched TLB flush after unmap mm: defer flush of writable TLB entries mm: send one IPI per CPU to TLB flush all entries after unmapping pages ...
2015-09-04mm: send one IPI per CPU to TLB flush all entries after unmapping pagesMel Gorman1-0/+10
An IPI is sent to flush remote TLBs when a page is unmapped that was potentially accesssed by other CPUs. There are many circumstances where this happens but the obvious one is kswapd reclaiming pages belonging to a running process as kswapd and the task are likely running on separate CPUs. On small machines, this is not a significant problem but as machine gets larger with more cores and more memory, the cost of these IPIs can be high. This patch uses a simple structure that tracks CPUs that potentially have TLB entries for pages being unmapped. When the unmapping is complete, the full TLB is flushed on the assumption that a refill cost is lower than flushing individual entries. Architectures wishing to do this must give the following guarantee. If a clean page is unmapped and not immediately flushed, the architecture must guarantee that a write to that linear address from a CPU with a cached TLB entry will trap a page fault. This is essentially what the kernel already depends on but the window is much larger with this patch applied and is worth highlighting. The architecture should consider whether the cost of the full TLB flush is higher than sending an IPI to flush each individual entry. An additional architecture helper called flush_tlb_local is required. It's a trivial wrapper with some accounting in the x86 case. The impact of this patch depends on the workload as measuring any benefit requires both mapped pages co-located on the LRU and memory pressure. The case with the biggest impact is multiple processes reading mapped pages taken from the vm-scalability test suite. The test case uses NR_CPU readers of mapped files that consume 10*RAM. Linear mapped reader on a 4-node machine with 64G RAM and 48 CPUs 4.2.0-rc1 4.2.0-rc1 vanilla flushfull-v7 Ops lru-file-mmap-read-elapsed 159.62 ( 0.00%) 120.68 ( 24.40%) Ops lru-file-mmap-read-time_range 30.59 ( 0.00%) 2.80 ( 90.85%) Ops lru-file-mmap-read-time_stddv 6.70 ( 0.00%) 0.64 ( 90.38%) 4.2.0-rc1 4.2.0-rc1 vanilla flushfull-v7 User 581.00 611.43 System 5804.93 4111.76 Elapsed 161.03 122.12 This is showing that the readers completed 24.40% faster with 29% less system CPU time. From vmstats, it is known that the vanilla kernel was interrupted roughly 900K times per second during the steady phase of the test and the patched kernel was interrupts 180K times per second. The impact is lower on a single socket machine. 4.2.0-rc1 4.2.0-rc1 vanilla flushfull-v7 Ops lru-file-mmap-read-elapsed 25.33 ( 0.00%) 20.38 ( 19.54%) Ops lru-file-mmap-read-time_range 0.91 ( 0.00%) 1.44 (-58.24%) Ops lru-file-mmap-read-time_stddv 0.28 ( 0.00%) 0.47 (-65.34%) 4.2.0-rc1 4.2.0-rc1 vanilla flushfull-v7 User 58.09 57.64 System 111.82 76.56 Elapsed 27.29 22.55 It's still a noticeable improvement with vmstat showing interrupts went from roughly 500K per second to 45K per second. The patch will have no impact on workloads with no memory pressure or have relatively few mapped pages. It will have an unpredictable impact on the workload running on the CPU being flushed as it'll depend on how many TLB entries need to be refilled and how long that takes. Worst case, the TLB will be completely cleared of active entries when the target PFNs were not resident at all. [sasha.levin@oracle.com: trace tlb flush after disabling preemption in try_to_unmap_flush] Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-09-04userfaultfd: buildsystem activationAndrea Arcangeli1-0/+11
This allows to select the userfaultfd during configuration to build it. Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com> Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com> Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name> Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com> Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-09-02Merge branch 'for-4.3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/cgroupLinus Torvalds1-0/+16
Pull cgroup updates from Tejun Heo: - a new PIDs controller is added. It turns out that PIDs are actually an independent resource from kmem due to the limited PID space. - more core preparations for the v2 interface. Once cpu side interface is settled, it should be ready for lifting the devel mask. for-4.3-unified-base was temporarily branched so that other trees (block) can pull cgroup core changes that blkcg changes depend on. - a non-critical idr_preload usage bug fix. * 'for-4.3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/cgroup: cgroup: pids: fix invalid get/put usage cgroup: introduce cgroup_subsys->legacy_name cgroup: don't print subsystems for the default hierarchy cgroup: make cftype->private a unsigned long cgroup: export cgrp_dfl_root cgroup: define controller file conventions cgroup: fix idr_preload usage cgroup: add documentation for the PIDs controller cgroup: implement the PIDs subsystem cgroup: allow a cgroup subsystem to reject a fork
2015-08-15percpu-rwsem: kill CONFIG_PERCPU_RWSEMOleg Nesterov1-1/+0
Remove CONFIG_PERCPU_RWSEM, the next patch adds the unconditional user of percpu_rw_semaphore. Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
2015-08-14Move certificate handling to its own directoryDavid Howells1-39/+0
Move certificate handling out of the kernel/ directory and into a certs/ directory to get all the weird stuff in one place and move the generated signing keys into this directory. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com>
2015-08-12sign-file: Document dependency on OpenSSL devel librariesDavid Howells1-0/+4
The revised sign-file program is no longer a script that wraps the openssl program, but now rather a program that makes use of OpenSSL's crypto library. This means that to build the sign-file program, the kernel build process now has a dependency on the OpenSSL development packages in addition to OpenSSL itself. Document this in Kconfig and in module-signing.txt. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com>
2015-08-12Merge branch 'for-mingo' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/paulmck/linux-rcu into core/rcuIngo Molnar1-9/+1
Pull RCU changes from Paul E. McKenney: - The combination of tree geometry-initialization simplifications and OS-jitter-reduction changes to expedited grace periods. These two are stacked due to the large number of conflicts that would otherwise result. [ With one addition, a temporary commit to silence a lockdep false positive. Additional changes to the expedited grace-period primitives (queued for 4.4) remove the cause of this false positive, and therefore include a revert of this temporary commit. ] - Documentation updates. - Torture-test updates. - Miscellaneous fixes. Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2015-08-07modsign: Add explicit CONFIG_SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS optionDavid Woodhouse1-0/+13
Let the user explicitly provide a file containing trusted keys, instead of just automatically finding files matching *.x509 in the build tree and trusting whatever we find. This really ought to be an *explicit* configuration, and the build rules for dealing with the files were fairly painful too. Fix applied from James Morris that removes an '=' from a macro definition in kernel/Makefile as this is a feature that only exists from GNU make 3.82 onwards. Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2015-08-07modsign: Use single PEM file for autogenerated keyDavid Woodhouse1-2/+2
The current rule for generating signing_key.priv and signing_key.x509 is a classic example of a bad rule which has a tendency to break parallel make. When invoked to create *either* target, it generates the other target as a side-effect that make didn't predict. So let's switch to using a single file signing_key.pem which contains both key and certificate. That matches what we do in the case of an external key specified by CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_KEY anyway, so it's also slightly cleaner. Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2015-08-07modsign: Extract signing cert from CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_KEY if neededDavid Woodhouse1-4/+4
Where an external PEM file or PKCS#11 URI is given, we can get the cert from it for ourselves instead of making the user drop signing_key.x509 in place for us. Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2015-08-07modsign: Allow external signing key to be specifiedDavid Woodhouse1-0/+14
Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2015-08-07MODSIGN: Extract the blob PKCS#7 signature verifier from module signingDavid Howells1-10/+19
Extract the function that drives the PKCS#7 signature verification given a data blob and a PKCS#7 blob out from the module signing code and lump it with the system keyring code as it's generic. This makes it independent of module config options and opens it to use by the firmware loader. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@suse.com> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: Ming Lei <ming.lei@canonical.com> Cc: Seth Forshee <seth.forshee@canonical.com> Cc: Kyle McMartin <kyle@kernel.org>
2015-08-07MODSIGN: Use PKCS#7 messages as module signaturesDavid Howells1-0/+1
Move to using PKCS#7 messages as module signatures because: (1) We have to be able to support the use of X.509 certificates that don't have a subjKeyId set. We're currently relying on this to look up the X.509 certificate in the trusted keyring list. (2) PKCS#7 message signed information blocks have a field that supplies the data required to match with the X.509 certificate that signed it. (3) The PKCS#7 certificate carries fields that specify the digest algorithm used to generate the signature in a standardised way and the X.509 certificates specify the public key algorithm in a standardised way - so we don't need our own methods of specifying these. (4) We now have PKCS#7 message support in the kernel for signed kexec purposes and we can make use of this. To make this work, the old sign-file script has been replaced with a program that needs compiling in a previous patch. The rules to build it are added here. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Tested-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com>
2015-08-07fs, file table: reinit files_stat.max_files after deferred memory initialisationMel Gorman1-1/+1
Dave Hansen reported the following; My laptop has been behaving strangely with 4.2-rc2. Once I log in to my X session, I start getting all kinds of strange errors from applications and see this in my dmesg: VFS: file-max limit 8192 reached The problem is that the file-max is calculated before memory is fully initialised and miscalculates how much memory the kernel is using. This patch recalculates file-max after deferred memory initialisation. Note that using memory hotplug infrastructure would not have avoided this problem as the value is not recalculated after memory hot-add. 4.1: files_stat.max_files = 6582781 4.2-rc2: files_stat.max_files = 8192 4.2-rc2 patched: files_stat.max_files = 6562467 Small differences with the patch applied and 4.1 but not enough to matter. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Reported-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Nicolai Stange <nicstange@gmail.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Alex Ng <alexng@microsoft.com> Cc: Fengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-07-22rcu: Hide RCU_NOCB_CPU behind RCU_EXPERTPaul E. McKenney1-0/+1
This commit prevents Kconfig from asking the user about RCU_NOCB_CPU unless the user really wants to be asked. Reported-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2015-07-14cgroup: implement the PIDs subsystemAleksa Sarai1-0/+16
Adds a new single-purpose PIDs subsystem to limit the number of tasks that can be forked inside a cgroup. Essentially this is an implementation of RLIMIT_NPROC that applies to a cgroup rather than a process tree. However, it should be noted that organisational operations (adding and removing tasks from a PIDs hierarchy) will *not* be prevented. Rather, the number of tasks in the hierarchy cannot exceed the limit through forking. This is due to the fact that, in the unified hierarchy, attach cannot fail (and it is not possible for a task to overcome its PIDs cgroup policy limit by attaching to a child cgroup -- even if migrating mid-fork it must be able to fork in the parent first). PIDs are fundamentally a global resource, and it is possible to reach PID exhaustion inside a cgroup without hitting any reasonable kmemcg policy. Once you've hit PID exhaustion, you're only in a marginally better state than OOM. This subsystem allows PID exhaustion inside a cgroup to be prevented. Signed-off-by: Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com> Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
2015-07-06rcu: Drop RCU_USER_QS in favor of NO_HZ_FULLPaul E. McKenney1-9/+0
The RCU_USER_QS Kconfig parameter is now just a synonym for NO_HZ_FULL, so this commit eliminates RCU_USER_QS, replacing all uses with NO_HZ_FULL. Reported-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
2015-07-04Merge branch 'sched-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tipLinus Torvalds1-0/+1
Pull scheduler fixes from Ingo Molnar: "Debug info and other statistics fixes and related enhancements" * 'sched-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: sched/numa: Fix numa balancing stats in /proc/pid/sched sched/numa: Show numa_group ID in /proc/sched_debug task listings sched/debug: Move print_cfs_rq() declaration to kernel/sched/sched.h sched/stat: Expose /proc/pid/schedstat if CONFIG_SCHED_INFO=y sched/stat: Simplify the sched_info accounting dependency
2015-07-04Merge branch 'core-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tipLinus Torvalds1-1/+1
Pull max log buf size increase from Ingo Molnar: "Ran into this limit recently, so increase it by an order of magnitude" * 'core-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: printk: Increase maximum CONFIG_LOG_BUF_SHIFT from 21 to 25
2015-07-04sched/stat: Simplify the sched_info accounting dependencyNaveen N. Rao1-0/+1
Both CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS=y and CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT=y track task sched_info, which results in ugly #if clauses. Simplify the code by introducing a synthethic CONFIG_SCHED_INFO switch, selected by both. Signed-off-by: Naveen N. Rao <naveen.n.rao@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Srikar Dronamraju <srikar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl Cc: ricklind@us.ibm.com Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/8d19eef800811a94b0f91bcbeb27430a884d7433.1435255405.git.naveen.n.rao@linux.vnet.ibm.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2015-07-01Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)Linus Torvalds1-0/+2
Merge third patchbomb from Andrew Morton: - the rest of MM - scripts/gdb updates - ipc/ updates - lib/ updates - MAINTAINERS updates - various other misc things * emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (67 commits) genalloc: rename of_get_named_gen_pool() to of_gen_pool_get() genalloc: rename dev_get_gen_pool() to gen_pool_get() x86: opt into HAVE_COPY_THREAD_TLS, for both 32-bit and 64-bit MAINTAINERS: add zpool MAINTAINERS: BCACHE: Kent Overstreet has changed email address MAINTAINERS: move Jens Osterkamp to CREDITS MAINTAINERS: remove unused nbd.h pattern MAINTAINERS: update brcm gpio filename pattern MAINTAINERS: update brcm dts pattern MAINTAINERS: update sound soc intel patterns MAINTAINERS: remove website for paride MAINTAINERS: update Emulex ocrdma email addresses bcache: use kvfree() in various places libcxgbi: use kvfree() in cxgbi_free_big_mem() target: use kvfree() in session alloc and free IB/ehca: use kvfree() in ipz_queue_{cd}tor() drm/nouveau/gem: use kvfree() in u_free() drm: use kvfree() in drm_free_large() cxgb4: use kvfree() in t4_free_mem() cxgb3: use kvfree() in cxgb_free_mem() ...
2015-07-01Merge tag 'modules-next-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rusty/linuxLinus Torvalds1-15/+14
Pull module updates from Rusty Russell: "Main excitement here is Peter Zijlstra's lockless rbtree optimization to speed module address lookup. He found some abusers of the module lock doing that too. A little bit of parameter work here too; including Dan Streetman's breaking up the big param mutex so writing a parameter can load another module (yeah, really). Unfortunately that broke the usual suspects, !CONFIG_MODULES and !CONFIG_SYSFS, so those fixes were appended too" * tag 'modules-next-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rusty/linux: (26 commits) modules: only use mod->param_lock if CONFIG_MODULES param: fix module param locks when !CONFIG_SYSFS. rcu: merge fix for Convert ACCESS_ONCE() to READ_ONCE() and WRITE_ONCE() module: add per-module param_lock module: make perm const params: suppress unused variable error, warn once just in case code changes. modules: clarify CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS help, suggest 'N'. kernel/module.c: avoid ifdefs for sig_enforce declaration kernel/workqueue.c: remove ifdefs over wq_power_efficient kernel/params.c: export param_ops_bool_enable_only kernel/params.c: generalize bool_enable_only kernel/module.c: use generic module param operaters for sig_enforce kernel/params: constify struct kernel_param_ops uses sysfs: tightened sysfs permission checks module: Rework module_addr_{min,max} module: Use __module_address() for module_address_lookup() module: Make the mod_tree stuff conditional on PERF_EVENTS || TRACING module: Optimize __module_address() using a latched RB-tree rbtree: Implement generic latch_tree seqlock: Introduce raw_read_seqcount_latch() ...
2015-07-01printk: Increase maximum CONFIG_LOG_BUF_SHIFT from 21 to 25Ingo Molnar1-1/+1
So I tried to some kernel debugging that produced a ton of kernel messages on a big box, and wanted to save them all: but CONFIG_LOG_BUF_SHIFT maxes out at 21 (2 MB). Increase it to 25 (32 MB). This does not affect any existing config or defaults. Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2015-06-30mm: meminit: finish initialisation of struct pages before basic setupMel Gorman1-0/+2
Waiman Long reported that 24TB machines hit OOM during basic setup when struct page initialisation was deferred. One approach is to initialise memory on demand but it interferes with page allocator paths. This patch creates dedicated threads to initialise memory before basic setup. It then blocks on a rw_semaphore until completion as a wait_queue and counter is overkill. This may be slower to boot but it's simplier overall and also gets rid of a section mangling which existed so kswapd could do the initialisation. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: include rwsem.h, use DECLARE_RWSEM, fix comment, remove unneeded cast] Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Waiman Long <waiman.long@hp.com Cc: Nathan Zimmer <nzimmer@sgi.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Scott Norton <scott.norton@hp.com> Tested-by: Daniel J Blueman <daniel@numascale.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-06-26Merge branch 'for-4.2' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/cgroupLinus Torvalds1-0/+1
Pull cgroup updates from Tejun Heo: - threadgroup_lock got reorganized so that its users can pick the actual locking mechanism to use. Its only user - cgroups - is updated to use a percpu_rwsem instead of per-process rwsem. This makes things a bit lighter on hot paths and allows cgroups to perform and fail multi-task (a process) migrations atomically. Multi-task migrations are used in several places including the unified hierarchy. - Delegation rule and documentation added to unified hierarchy. This will likely be the last interface update from the cgroup core side for unified hierarchy before lifting the devel mask. - Some groundwork for the pids controller which is scheduled to be merged in the coming devel cycle. * 'for-4.2' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/cgroup: cgroup: add delegation section to unified hierarchy documentation cgroup: require write perm on common ancestor when moving processes on the default hierarchy cgroup: separate out cgroup_procs_write_permission() from __cgroup_procs_write() kernfs: make kernfs_get_inode() public MAINTAINERS: add a cgroup core co-maintainer cgroup: fix uninitialised iterator in for_each_subsys_which cgroup: replace explicit ss_mask checking with for_each_subsys_which cgroup: use bitmask to filter for_each_subsys cgroup: add seq_file forward declaration for struct cftype cgroup: simplify threadgroup locking sched, cgroup: replace signal_struct->group_rwsem with a global percpu_rwsem sched, cgroup: reorganize threadgroup locking cgroup: switch to unsigned long for bitmasks cgroup: reorganize include/linux/cgroup.h cgroup: separate out include/linux/cgroup-defs.h cgroup: fix some comment typos
2015-06-26Merge tag 'driver-core-4.2-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/driver-coreLinus Torvalds1-10/+15
Pull driver core updates from Greg KH: "Here is the driver core / firmware changes for 4.2-rc1. A number of small changes all over the place in the driver core, and in the firmware subsystem. Nothing really major, full details in the shortlog. Some of it is a bit of churn, given that the platform driver probing changes was found to not work well, so they were reverted. All of these have been in linux-next for a while with no reported issues" * tag 'driver-core-4.2-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/driver-core: (31 commits) Revert "base/platform: Only insert MEM and IO resources" Revert "base/platform: Continue on insert_resource() error" Revert "of/platform: Use platform_device interface" Revert "base/platform: Remove code duplication" firmware: add missing kfree for work on async call fs: sysfs: don't pass count == 0 to bin file readers base:dd - Fix for typo in comment to function driver_deferred_probe_trigger(). base/platform: Remove code duplication of/platform: Use platform_device interface base/platform: Continue on insert_resource() error base/platform: Only insert MEM and IO resources firmware: use const for remaining firmware names firmware: fix possible use after free on name on asynchronous request firmware: check for file truncation on direct firmware loading firmware: fix __getname() missing failure check drivers: of/base: move of_init to driver_init drivers/base: cacheinfo: fix annoying typo when DT nodes are absent sysfs: disambiguate between "error code" and "failure" in comments driver-core: fix build for !CONFIG_MODULES driver-core: make __device_attach() static ...
2015-06-26Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)Linus Torvalds2-2/+8
Merge second patchbomb from Andrew Morton: - most of the rest of MM - lots of misc things - procfs updates - printk feature work - updates to get_maintainer, MAINTAINERS, checkpatch - lib/ updates * emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (96 commits) exit,stats: /* obey this comment */ coredump: add __printf attribute to cn_*printf functions coredump: use from_kuid/kgid when formatting corename fs/reiserfs: remove unneeded cast NILFS2: support NFSv2 export fs/befs/btree.c: remove unneeded initializations fs/minix: remove unneeded cast init/do_mounts.c: add create_dev() failure log kasan: remove duplicate definition of the macro KASAN_FREE_PAGE fs/efs: femove unneeded cast checkpatch: emit "NOTE: <types>" message only once after multiple files checkpatch: emit an error when there's a diff in a changelog checkpatch: validate MODULE_LICENSE content checkpatch: add multi-line handling for PREFER_ETHER_ADDR_COPY checkpatch: suggest using eth_zero_addr() and eth_broadcast_addr() checkpatch: fix processing of MEMSET issues checkpatch: suggest using ether_addr_equal*() checkpatch: avoid NOT_UNIFIED_DIFF errors on cover-letter.patch files checkpatch: remove local from codespell path checkpatch: add --showfile to allow input via pipe to show filenames ...
2015-06-25init/do_mounts.c: add create_dev() failure logVishnu Pratap Singh1-2/+7
If create_dev() function fails to create the root mount device (/dev/root), then it goes to panic as root device not found but there is no printk in this case. So I have added the log in case it fails to create the root device. It will help in debugging. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: simplify printk(), use pr_emerg(), display errno] Signed-off-by: Vishnu Pratap Singh <vishnu.ps@samsung.com> Acked-by: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz> Cc: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com> Cc: Mike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com> Cc: Dan Ehrenberg <dehrenberg@chromium.org> Cc: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-06-25fs, proc: introduce CONFIG_PROC_CHILDRENIago López Galeiras1-0/+1
Commit 818411616baf ("fs, proc: introduce /proc/<pid>/task/<tid>/children entry") introduced the children entry for checkpoint restore and the file is only available on kernels configured with CONFIG_EXPERT and CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE. This is available in most distributions (Fedora, Debian, Ubuntu, CoreOS) because they usually enable CONFIG_EXPERT and CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE. But Arch does not enable CONFIG_EXPERT or CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE. However, the children proc file is useful outside of checkpoint restore. I would like to use it in rkt. The rkt process exec() another program it does not control, and that other program will fork()+exec() a child process. I would like to find the pid of the child process from an external tool without iterating in /proc over all processes to find which one has a parent pid equal to rkt. This commit introduces CONFIG_PROC_CHILDREN and makes CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE select it. This allows enabling /proc/<pid>/task/<tid>/children without needing to enable CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE and CONFIG_EXPERT. Alban tested that /proc/<pid>/task/<tid>/children is present when the kernel is configured with CONFIG_PROC_CHILDREN=y but without CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE Signed-off-by: Iago López Galeiras <iago@endocode.com> Tested-by: Alban Crequy <alban@endocode.com> Reviewed-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@openvz.org> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com> Cc: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Djalal Harouni <djalal@endocode.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-06-25Merge branch 'for-4.2/writeback' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-blockLinus Torvalds1-0/+5
Pull cgroup writeback support from Jens Axboe: "This is the big pull request for adding cgroup writeback support. This code has been in development for a long time, and it has been simmering in for-next for a good chunk of this cycle too. This is one of those problems that has been talked about for at least half a decade, finally there's a solution and code to go with it. Also see last weeks writeup on LWN: http://lwn.net/Articles/648292/" * 'for-4.2/writeback' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block: (85 commits) writeback, blkio: add documentation for cgroup writeback support vfs, writeback: replace FS_CGROUP_WRITEBACK with SB_I_CGROUPWB writeback: do foreign inode detection iff cgroup writeback is enabled v9fs: fix error handling in v9fs_session_init() bdi: fix wrong error return value in cgwb_create() buffer: remove unusued 'ret' variable writeback: disassociate inodes from dying bdi_writebacks writeback: implement foreign cgroup inode bdi_writeback switching writeback: add lockdep annotation to inode_to_wb() writeback: use unlocked_inode_to_wb transaction in inode_congested() writeback: implement unlocked_inode_to_wb transaction and use it for stat updates writeback: implement [locked_]inode_to_wb_and_lock_list() writeback: implement foreign cgroup inode detection writeback: make writeback_control track the inode being written back writeback: relocate wb[_try]_get(), wb_put(), inode_{attach|detach}_wb() mm: vmscan: disable memcg direct reclaim stalling if cgroup writeback support is in use writeback: implement memcg writeback domain based throttling writeback: reset wb_domain->dirty_limit[_tstmp] when memcg domain size changes writeback: implement memcg wb_domain writeback: update wb_over_bg_thresh() to use wb_domain aware operations ...
2015-06-23Merge tag 'pm+acpi-4.2-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rafael/linux-pmLinus Torvalds1-0/+1
Pull power management and ACPI updates from Rafael Wysocki: "The rework of backlight interface selection API from Hans de Goede stands out from the number of commits and the number of affected places perspective. The cpufreq core fixes from Viresh Kumar are quite significant too as far as the number of commits goes and because they should reduce CPU online/offline overhead quite a bit in the majority of cases. From the new featues point of view, the ACPICA update (to upstream revision 20150515) adding support for new ACPI 6 material to ACPICA is the one that matters the most as some new significant features will be based on it going forward. Also included is an update of the ACPI device power management core to follow ACPI 6 (which in turn reflects the Windows' device PM implementation), a PM core extension to support wakeup interrupts in a more generic way and support for the ACPI _CCA device configuration object. The rest is mostly fixes and cleanups all over and some documentation updates, including new DT bindings for Operating Performance Points. There is one fix for a regression introduced in the 4.1 cycle, but it adds quite a number of lines of code, it wasn't really ready before Thursday and you were on vacation, so I refrained from pushing it on the last minute for 4.1. Specifics: - ACPICA update to upstream revision 20150515 including basic support for ACPI 6 features: new ACPI tables introduced by ACPI 6 (STAO, XENV, WPBT, NFIT, IORT), changes related to the other tables (DTRM, FADT, LPIT, MADT), new predefined names (_BTH, _CR3, _DSD, _LPI, _MTL, _PRR, _RDI, _RST, _TFP, _TSN), fixes and cleanups (Bob Moore, Lv Zheng). - ACPI device power management core code update to follow ACPI 6 which reflects the ACPI device power management implementation in Windows (Rafael J Wysocki). - rework of the backlight interface selection logic to reduce the number of kernel command line options and improve the handling of DMI quirks that may be involved in that and to make the code generally more straightforward (Hans de Goede). - fixes for the ACPI Embedded Controller (EC) driver related to the handling of EC transactions (Lv Zheng). - fix for a regression related to the ACPI resources management and resulting from a recent change of ACPI initialization code ordering (Rafael J Wysocki). - fix for a system initialization regression related to ACPI introduced during the 3.14 cycle and caused by running the code that switches the platform over to the ACPI mode too early in the initialization sequence (Rafael J Wysocki). - support for the ACPI _CCA device configuration object related to DMA cache coherence (Suravee Suthikulpanit). - ACPI/APEI fixes and cleanups (Jiri Kosina, Borislav Petkov). - ACPI battery driver cleanups (Luis Henriques, Mathias Krause). - ACPI processor driver cleanups (Hanjun Guo). - cleanups and documentation update related to the ACPI device properties interface based on _DSD (Rafael J Wysocki). - ACPI device power management fixes (Rafael J Wysocki). - assorted cleanups related to ACPI (Dominik Brodowski, Fabian Frederick, Lorenzo Pieralisi, Mathias Krause, Rafael J Wysocki). - fix for a long-standing issue causing General Protection Faults to be generated occasionally on return to user space after resume from ACPI-based suspend-to-RAM on 32-bit x86 (Ingo Molnar). - fix to make the suspend core code return -EBUSY consistently in all cases when system suspend is aborted due to wakeup detection (Ruchi Kandoi). - support for automated device wakeup IRQ handling allowing drivers to make their PM support more starightforward (Tony Lindgren). - new tracepoints for suspend-to-idle tracing and rework of the prepare/complete callbacks tracing in the PM core (Todd E Brandt, Rafael J Wysocki). - wakeup sources framework enhancements (Jin Qian). - new macro for noirq system PM callbacks (Grygorii Strashko). - assorted cleanups related to system suspend (Rafael J Wysocki). - cpuidle core cleanups to make the code more efficient (Rafael J Wysocki). - powernv/pseries cpuidle driver update (Shilpasri G Bhat). - cpufreq core fixes related to CPU online/offline that should reduce the overhead of these operations quite a bit, unless the CPU in question is physically going away (Viresh Kumar, Saravana Kannan). - serialization of cpufreq governor callbacks to avoid race conditions in some cases (Viresh Kumar). - intel_pstate driver fixes and cleanups (Doug Smythies, Prarit Bhargava, Joe Konno). - cpufreq driver (arm_big_little, cpufreq-dt, qoriq) updates (Sudeep Holla, Felipe Balbi, Tang Yuantian). - assorted cleanups in cpufreq drivers and core (Shailendra Verma, Fabian Frederick, Wang Long). - new Device Tree bindings for representing Operating Performance Points (Viresh Kumar). - updates for the common clock operations support code in the PM core (Rajendra Nayak, Geert Uytterhoeven). - PM domains core code update (Geert Uytterhoeven). - Intel Knights Landing support for the RAPL (Running Average Power Limit) power capping driver (Dasaratharaman Chandramouli). - fixes related to the floor frequency setting on Atom SoCs in the RAPL power capping driver (Ajay Thomas). - runtime PM framework documentation update (Ben Dooks). - cpupower tool fix (Herton R Krzesinski)" * tag 'pm+acpi-4.2-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rafael/linux-pm: (194 commits) cpuidle: powernv/pseries: Auto-promotion of snooze to deeper idle state x86: Load __USER_DS into DS/ES after resume PM / OPP: Add binding for 'opp-suspend' PM / OPP: Allow multiple OPP tables to be passed via DT PM / OPP: Add new bindings to address shortcomings of existing bindings ACPI: Constify ACPI device IDs in documentation ACPI / enumeration: Document the rules regarding the PRP0001 device ID ACPI / video: Make acpi_video_unregister_backlight() private acpi-video-detect: Remove old API toshiba-acpi: Port to new backlight interface selection API thinkpad-acpi: Port to new backlight interface selection API sony-laptop: Port to new backlight interface selection API samsung-laptop: Port to new backlight interface selection API msi-wmi: Port to new backlight interface selection API msi-laptop: Port to new backlight interface selection API intel-oaktrail: Port to new backlight interface selection API ideapad-laptop: Port to new backlight interface selection API fujitsu-laptop: Port to new backlight interface selection API eeepc-laptop: Port to new backlight interface selection API dell-wmi: Port to new backlight interface selection API ...
2015-06-23modules: clarify CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS help, suggest 'N'.Rusty Russell1-15/+10
Andreas turned this option on, only to find out Debian (and Ubuntu!) don't enable support in their kmod builds. Shorten the text, and suggest N at the bottom (at least for now). Reported-by: Andreas Mohr <andim2@users.sf.net> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2015-06-22Merge branch 'perf-core-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tipLinus Torvalds1-1/+1
Pull perf updates from Ingo Molnar: "Kernel side changes mostly consist of work on x86 PMU drivers: - x86 Intel PT (hardware CPU tracer) improvements (Alexander Shishkin) - x86 Intel CQM (cache quality monitoring) improvements (Thomas Gleixner) - x86 Intel PEBSv3 support (Peter Zijlstra) - x86 Intel PEBS interrupt batching support for lower overhead sampling (Zheng Yan, Kan Liang) - x86 PMU scheduler fixes and improvements (Peter Zijlstra) There's too many tooling improvements to list them all - here are a few select highlights: 'perf bench': - Introduce new 'perf bench futex' benchmark: 'wake-parallel', to measure parallel waker threads generating contention for kernel locks (hb->lock). (Davidlohr Bueso) 'perf top', 'perf report': - Allow disabling/enabling events dynamicaly in 'perf top': a 'perf top' session can instantly become a 'perf report' one, i.e. going from dynamic analysis to a static one, returning to a dynamic one is possible, to toogle the modes, just press 'f' to 'freeze/unfreeze' the sampling. (Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) - Make Ctrl-C stop processing on TUI, allowing interrupting the load of big perf.data files (Namhyung Kim) 'perf probe': (Masami Hiramatsu) - Support glob wildcards for function name - Support $params special probe argument: Collect all function arguments - Make --line checks validate C-style function name. - Add --no-inlines option to avoid searching inline functions - Greatly speed up 'perf probe --list' by caching debuginfo. - Improve --filter support for 'perf probe', allowing using its arguments on other commands, as --add, --del, etc. 'perf sched': - Add option in 'perf sched' to merge like comms to lat output (Josef Bacik) Plus tons of infrastructure work - in particular preparation for upcoming threaded perf report support, but also lots of other work - and fixes and other improvements. See (much) more details in the shortlog and in the git log" * 'perf-core-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (305 commits) perf tools: Configurable per thread proc map processing time out perf tools: Add time out to force stop proc map processing perf report: Fix sort__sym_cmp to also compare end of symbol perf hists browser: React to unassigned hotkey pressing perf top: Tell the user how to unfreeze events after pressing 'f' perf hists browser: Honour the help line provided by builtin-{top,report}.c perf hists browser: Do not exit when 'f' is pressed in 'report' mode perf top: Replace CTRL+z with 'f' as hotkey for enable/disable events perf annotate: Rename source_line_percent to source_line_samples perf annotate: Display total number of samples with --show-total-period perf tools: Ensure thread-stack is flushed perf top: Allow disabling/enabling events dynamicly perf evlist: Add toggle_enable() method perf trace: Fix race condition at the end of started workloads perf probe: Speed up perf probe --list by caching debuginfo perf probe: Show usage even if the last event is skipped perf tools: Move libtraceevent dynamic list to separated LDFLAGS variable perf tools: Fix a problem when opening old perf.data with different byte order perf tools: Ignore .config-detected in .gitignore perf probe: Fix to return error if no probe is added ...
2015-06-10ACPI / init: Switch over platform to the ACPI mode laterRafael J. Wysocki1-0/+1
Commit 73f7d1ca3263 "ACPI / init: Run acpi_early_init() before timekeeping_init()" moved the ACPI subsystem initialization, including the ACPI mode enabling, to an earlier point in the initialization sequence, to allow the timekeeping subsystem use ACPI early. Unfortunately, that resulted in boot regressions on some systems and the early ACPI initialization was moved toward its original position in the kernel initialization code by commit c4e1acbb35e4 "ACPI / init: Invoke early ACPI initialization later". However, that turns out to be insufficient, as boot is still broken on the Tyan S8812 mainboard. To fix that issue, split the ACPI early initialization code into two pieces so the majority of it still located in acpi_early_init() and the part switching over the platform into the ACPI mode goes into a new function, acpi_subsystem_init(), executed at the original early ACPI initialization spot. That fixes the Tyan S8812 boot problem, but still allows ACPI tables to be loaded earlier which is useful to the EFI code in efi_enter_virtual_mode(). Link: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=97141 Fixes: 73f7d1ca3263 "ACPI / init: Run acpi_early_init() before timekeeping_init()" Reported-and-tested-by: Marius Tolzmann <tolzmann@molgen.mpg.de> Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com> Acked-by: Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hp.com> Reviewed-by: Hanjun Guo <hanjun.guo@linaro.org> Reviewed-by: Lee, Chun-Yi <jlee@suse.com>
2015-06-02writeback: add {CONFIG|BDI_CAP|FS}_CGROUP_WRITEBACKTejun Heo1-0/+5
cgroup writeback requires support from both bdi and filesystem sides. Add BDI_CAP_CGROUP_WRITEBACK and FS_CGROUP_WRITEBACK to indicate support and enable BDI_CAP_CGROUP_WRITEBACK on block based bdi's by default. Also, define CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK which is enabled if both MEMCG and BLK_CGROUP are enabled. inode_cgwb_enabled() which determines whether a given inode's both bdi and fs support cgroup writeback is added. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>
2015-05-28module: Make the mod_tree stuff conditional on PERF_EVENTS || TRACINGPeter Zijlstra1-0/+4
Andrew worried about the overhead on small systems; only use the fancy code when either perf or tracing is enabled. Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Requested-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2015-05-27rcu: Remove prompt for RCU implementationPranith Kumar1-12/+6
The RCU implementation is chosen based on PREEMPT and SMP config options and is not really a user-selectable choice. This commit removes the menu entry, given that there is not much point in calling something a choice when there is in fact no choice.. The TINY_RCU, TREE_RCU, and PREEMPT_RCU Kconfig options continue to be selected based solely on the values of the PREEMPT and SMP options. Signed-off-by: Pranith Kumar <bobby.prani@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2015-05-27rcu: Make RCU able to tolerate undefined CONFIG_RCU_KTHREAD_PRIOPaul E. McKenney1-0/+1
This commit updates the initialization of the kthread_prio boot parameter so that RCU will build even when CONFIG_RCU_KTHREAD_PRIO is undefined. The kthread_prio boot parameter is set to CONFIG_RCU_KTHREAD_PRIO if that is defined, otherwise to 1 if CONFIG_RCU_BOOST is defined and to zero otherwise. This commit then makes CONFIG_RCU_KTHREAD_PRIO depend on CONFIG_RCU_EXPERT, so that Kconfig users won't be asked about CONFIG_RCU_KTHREAD_PRIO unless they want to be. Reported-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Reported-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Pranith Kumar <bobby.prani@gmail.com>
2015-05-27rcu: Make RCU able to tolerate undefined CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT_LEAFPaul E. McKenney1-1/+1
This commit introduces an RCU_FANOUT_LEAF C-preprocessor macro so that RCU will build even when CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT_LEAF is undefined. The RCU_FANOUT_LEAF macro is set to the value of CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT_LEAF when defined, otherwise it is set to 32 for 32-bit systems and 64 for 64-bit systems. This commit then makes CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT_LEAF depend on CONFIG_RCU_EXPERT, so that Kconfig users won't be asked about CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT_LEAF unless they want to be. Reported-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Pranith Kumar <bobby.prani@gmail.com>
2015-05-27rcu: Make RCU able to tolerate undefined CONFIG_RCU_FANOUTPaul E. McKenney1-1/+1
This commit introduces an RCU_FANOUT C-preprocessor macro so that RCU will build even when CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT is undefined. The RCU_FANOUT macro is set to the value of CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT when defined, otherwise it is set to 32 for 32-bit systems and 64 for 64-bit systems. This commit then makes CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT depend on CONFIG_RCU_EXPERT, so that Kconfig users won't be asked about CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT unless they want to be. Reported-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Pranith Kumar <bobby.prani@gmail.com>
2015-05-27rcu: Break dependency of RCU_FANOUT_LEAF on RCU_FANOUTPaul E. McKenney1-2/+2
RCU_FANOUT_LEAF's range and default values depend on the value of RCU_FANOUT, which at the time seemed like a cute way to save two lines of Kconfig code. However, adding a dependency from both of these Kconfig parameters on RCU_EXPERT requires that RCU_FANOUT_LEAF operate correctly even if RCU_FANOUT is undefined. This commit therefore allows RCU_FANOUT_LEAF to take on the full range of permitted values, even in cases where RCU_FANOUT is undefined. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> [ paulmck: Eliminate redundant "default" as suggested by Pranith Kumar. ] Reviewed-by: Pranith Kumar <bobby.prani@gmail.com>
2015-05-27rcu: Create RCU_EXPERT Kconfig and hide booleans behind itPaul E. McKenney1-2/+17
This commit creates an RCU_EXPERT Kconfig and hides the independent boolean RCU-related user-visible Kconfig parameters behind it, namely RCU_FAST_NO_HZ and RCU_BOOST. This prevents Kconfig from asking about these parameters unless the user really wants to be asked. Reported-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Pranith Kumar <bobby.prani@gmail.com>
2015-05-27rcu: Convert CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT_EXACT to boot parameterPaul E. McKenney1-14/+0
The CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT_EXACT Kconfig parameter is used primarily (and perhaps only) by rcutorture to verify that RCU works correctly in specific rcu_node combining-tree configurations. It therefore does not make much sense have this as a question to people attempting to configure their kernels. So this commit creates an rcutree.rcu_fanout_exact= boot parameter that rcutorture can use, and eliminates the original CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT_EXACT Kconfig parameter. Reported-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Pranith Kumar <bobby.prani@gmail.com>
2015-05-27rcu: Directly drive RCU_USER_QS from KconfigPaul E. McKenney1-9/+1
Currently, Kconfig will ask the user whether RCU_USER_QS should be set. This is silly because Kconfig already has all the information that it needs to set this parameter. This commit therefore directly drives the value of RCU_USER_QS via NO_HZ_FULL's "select" statement. Reported-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Pranith Kumar <bobby.prani@gmail.com> Acked-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>