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2011-08-04Do 'shm_init_ns()' in an early pure_initcallLinus Torvalds1-1/+8
This isn't really critical any more, since other patches (commit 298507d4d2cf: "shm: optimize exit_shm()") have caused us to not actually need to touch the rw_mutex unless there are actual shm segments associated with the namespace, but we really should do tne shm_init_ns() earlier than we do now. This, together with commit 288d5abec831 ("Boot up with usermodehelper disabled") will mean that we really do initialize the initial ipc namespace data structure before we run any tasks. Tested-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-08-03shm: optimize exit_shm()Vasiliy Kulikov1-0/+3
We may optimistically check .in_use == 0 without holding the rw_mutex: it's the common case, and if it's zero, there certainly won't be any segments associated with us. After taking the lock, the idr_for_each() will do the right thing, so we could now drop the re-check inside the lock without any real cost. But it won't hurt. Signed-off-by: Vasiliy Kulikov <segoon@openwall.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-08-03shm: fix wrong testsVasiliy Kulikov1-2/+2
Commit 4c677e2eefdb ("shm: optimize locking and ipc_namespace getting") introduced a copy-paste bug. Due to the bug cycle optimizations were disabled. Signed-off-by: Vasiliy Kulikov <segoon@openwall.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-07-30shm: optimize locking and ipc_namespace gettingVasiliy Kulikov1-33/+28
shm_lock() does a lookup of shm segment in shm_ids(ns).ipcs_idr, which is redundant as we already know shmid_kernel address. An actual lock is also not required for reads until we really want to destroy the segment. exit_shm() and shm_destroy_orphaned() may avoid the loop by checking whether there is at least one segment in current ipc_namespace. The check of nsproxy and ipc_ns against NULL is redundant as exit_shm() is called from do_exit() before the call to exit_notify(), so the dereferencing current->nsproxy->ipc_ns is guaranteed to be safe. Reported-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Vasiliy Kulikov <segoon@openwall.com> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-07-30shm: handle separate PID namespaces caseVasiliy Kulikov1-7/+20
shm_try_destroy_orphaned() and shm_try_destroy_current() didn't handle the case of separate PID namespaces, but a single IPC namespace. If there are tasks with the same PID values using the same shmem object, the wrong destroy decision could be reached. On shm segment creation store the pointer to the creator task in shmid_kernel->shm_creator field and zero it on task exit. Then use the ->shm_creator insread of shm_cprid in both functions. As shmid_kernel object is already locked at this stage, no additional locking is needed. Signed-off-by: Vasiliy Kulikov <segoon@openwall.com> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-07-26ipc: introduce shm_rmid_forced sysctlVasiliy Kulikov2-4/+129
Add support for the shm_rmid_forced sysctl. If set to 1, all shared memory objects in current ipc namespace will be automatically forced to use IPC_RMID. The POSIX way of handling shmem allows one to create shm objects and call shmdt(), leaving shm object associated with no process, thus consuming memory not counted via rlimits. With shm_rmid_forced=1 the shared memory object is counted at least for one process, so OOM killer may effectively kill the fat process holding the shared memory. It obviously breaks POSIX - some programs relying on the feature would stop working. So set shm_rmid_forced=1 only if you're sure nobody uses "orphaned" memory. Use shm_rmid_forced=0 by default for compatability reasons. The feature was previously impemented in -ow as a configure option. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix documentation, per Randy] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix warning] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: readability/conventionality tweaks] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix shm_rmid_forced/shm_forced_rmid confusion, use standard comment layout] Signed-off-by: Vasiliy Kulikov <segoon@openwall.com> Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@xenotime.net> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: "Serge E. Hallyn" <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Cc: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@free.fr> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Alan Cox <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk> Cc: Solar Designer <solar@openwall.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-07-26ipc/mqueue.c: fix mq_open() return valueJiri Slaby1-5/+7
We return ENOMEM from mqueue_get_inode even when we have enough memory. Namely in case the system rlimit of mqueue was reached. This error propagates to mq_queue and user sees the error unexpectedly. So fix this up to properly return EMFILE as described in the manpage: EMFILE The process already has the maximum number of files and message queues open. instead of: ENOMEM Insufficient memory. With the previous patch we just switch to ERR_PTR/PTR_ERR/IS_ERR error handling here. Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-07-26ipc/mqueue.c: refactor failure handlingJiri Slaby1-56/+57
If new_inode fails to allocate an inode we need only to return with NULL. But now we test the opposite and have all the work in a nested block. So do the opposite to save one indentation level (and remove unnecessary line breaks). This is only a preparation/cleanup for the next patch where we fix up return values from mqueue_get_inode. Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-07-25ipc/sem.c: fix race with concurrent semtimedop() timeouts and IPC_RMIDManfred Spraul1-2/+11
If a semaphore array is removed and in parallel a sleeping task is woken up (signal or timeout, does not matter), then the woken up task does not wait until wake_up_sem_queue_do() is completed. This will cause crashes, because wake_up_sem_queue_do() will read from a stale pointer. The fix is simple: Regardless of anything, always call get_queue_result(). This function waits until wake_up_sem_queue_do() has finished it's task. Addresses https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=27142 Reported-by: Yuriy Yevtukhov <yuriy@ucoz.com> Reported-by: Harald Laabs <kernel@dasr.de> Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Acked-by: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> [2.6.35+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-07-20fs: push i_mutex and filemap_write_and_wait down into ->fsync() handlersJosef Bacik1-2/+2
Btrfs needs to be able to control how filemap_write_and_wait_range() is called in fsync to make it less of a painful operation, so push down taking i_mutex and the calling of filemap_write_and_wait() down into the ->fsync() handlers. Some file systems can drop taking the i_mutex altogether it seems, like ext3 and ocfs2. For correctness sake I just pushed everything down in all cases to make sure that we keep the current behavior the same for everybody, and then each individual fs maintainer can make up their mind about what to do from there. Thanks, Acked-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Josef Bacik <josef@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2011-07-20ipc,rcu: Convert call_rcu(ipc_immediate_free) to kfree_rcu()Lai Jiangshan1-15/+1
The rcu callback ipc_immediate_free() just calls a kfree(), so we use kfree_rcu() instead of the call_rcu(ipc_immediate_free). Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
2011-07-20ipc,rcu: Convert call_rcu(free_un) to kfree_rcu()Lai Jiangshan1-8/+2
The rcu callback free_un() just calls a kfree(), so we use kfree_rcu() instead of the call_rcu(free_un). Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
2011-05-26mm: don't access vm_flags as 'int'KOSAKI Motohiro1-1/+1
The type of vma->vm_flags is 'unsigned long'. Neither 'int' nor 'unsigned int'. This patch fixes such misuse. Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> [ Changed to use a typedef - we'll extend it to cover more cases later, since there has been discussion about making it a 64-bit type.. - Linus ] Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-05-10ns proc: Add support for the ipc namespaceEric W. Biederman1-0/+37
Acked-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@free.fr> Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2011-03-31Fix common misspellingsLucas De Marchi3-4/+4
Fixes generated by 'codespell' and manually reviewed. Signed-off-by: Lucas De Marchi <lucas.demarchi@profusion.mobi>
2011-03-27ipc: fix util.c kernel-doc warningsRandy Dunlap1-1/+3
Fix ipc/util.c kernel-doc warnings: Warning(ipc/util.c:336): No description found for parameter 'ns' Warning(ipc/util.c:620): No description found for parameter 'ns' Warning(ipc/util.c:790): No description found for parameter 'ns' Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Reviewed-by: Jesper Juhl <jj@chaosbits.net> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-03-25ipcns: fix use after free in free_ipc_ns()Xiaotian Feng1-1/+1
commit b515498 ("userns: add a user namespace owner of ipc ns") added a user namespace owner of ipc ns, but it also introduced a use after free in free_ipc_ns(). Signed-off-by: Xiaotian Feng <dfeng@redhat.com> Acked-by: "Serge E. Hallyn" <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@free.fr> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-03-23userns: user namespaces: convert several capable() callsSerge E. Hallyn6-29/+42
CAP_IPC_OWNER and CAP_IPC_LOCK can be checked against current_user_ns(), because the resource comes from current's own ipc namespace. setuid/setgid are to uids in own namespace, so again checks can be against current_user_ns(). Changelog: Jan 11: Use task_ns_capable() in place of sched_capable(). Jan 11: Use nsown_capable() as suggested by Bastian Blank. Jan 11: Clarify (hopefully) some logic in futex and sched.c Feb 15: use ns_capable for ipc, not nsown_capable Feb 23: let copy_ipcs handle setting ipc_ns->user_ns Feb 23: pass ns down rather than taking it from current [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Serge E. Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Acked-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Acked-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@free.fr> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-03-23userns: add a user namespace owner of ipc nsSerge E. Hallyn2-2/+8
Changelog: Feb 15: Don't set new ipc->user_ns if we didn't create a new ipc_ns. Feb 23: Move extern declaration to ipc_namespace.h, and group fwd declarations at top. Signed-off-by: Serge E. Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Acked-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Acked-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@free.fr> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-01-07fs: icache RCU free inodesNick Piggin1-1/+8
RCU free the struct inode. This will allow: - Subsequent store-free path walking patch. The inode must be consulted for permissions when walking, so an RCU inode reference is a must. - sb_inode_list_lock to be moved inside i_lock because sb list walkers who want to take i_lock no longer need to take sb_inode_list_lock to walk the list in the first place. This will simplify and optimize locking. - Could remove some nested trylock loops in dcache code - Could potentially simplify things a bit in VM land. Do not need to take the page lock to follow page->mapping. The downsides of this is the performance cost of using RCU. In a simple creat/unlink microbenchmark, performance drops by about 10% due to inability to reuse cache-hot slab objects. As iterations increase and RCU freeing starts kicking over, this increases to about 20%. In cases where inode lifetimes are longer (ie. many inodes may be allocated during the average life span of a single inode), a lot of this cache reuse is not applicable, so the regression caused by this patch is smaller. The cache-hot regression could largely be avoided by using SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU, however this adds some complexity to list walking and store-free path walking, so I prefer to implement this at a later date, if it is shown to be a win in real situations. I haven't found a regression in any non-micro benchmark so I doubt it will be a problem. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk>
2010-10-30ipc: shm: fix information leak to userlandVasiliy Kulikov1-0/+1
The shmid_ds structure is copied to userland with shm_unused{,2,3} fields unitialized. It leads to leaking of contents of kernel stack memory. Signed-off-by: Vasiliy Kulikov <segooon@gmail.com> Acked-by: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk> Cc: stable@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-10-29switch get_sb_ns() usersAl Viro1-4/+4
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-10-27ipc: initialize structure memory to zero for compat functionsDan Rosenberg2-0/+11
This takes care of leaking uninitialized kernel stack memory to userspace from non-zeroed fields in structs in compat ipc functions. Signed-off-by: Dan Rosenberg <drosenberg@vsecurity.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-10-27ipc/shm.c: add RSS and swap size information to /proc/sysvipc/shmHelge Deller1-21/+42
The kernel currently provides no functionality to analyze the RSS and swap space usage of each individual sysvipc shared memory segment. This patch adds this info for each existing shm segment by extending the output of /proc/sysvipc/shm by two columns for RSS and swap. Since shmctl(SHM_INFO) already provides a similiar calculation (it currently sums up all RSS/swap info for all segments), I did split out a static function which is now used by the /proc/sysvipc/shm output and shmctl(SHM_INFO). SAP products (esp. the SAP Netweaver ABAP Kernel) uses lots of big shared memory segments (we often have Linux systems with >= 16GB shm usage). Sometimes we get customer reports about "slow" system responses and while looking into their configurations we often find massive swapping activity on the system. With this patch it's now easy to see from the command line if and which shm segments gets swapped out (and how much) and can more easily give recommendations for system tuning. Without the patch it's currently not possible to do such shm analysis at all. Also... Add some spaces in front of the "size" field for 64bit kernels to get the columns correct if you cat the contents of the file. In sysvipc_shm_proc_show() the kernel prints the size value in "SPEC_SIZE" format, which is defined like this: #if BITS_PER_LONG <= 32 #define SIZE_SPEC "%10lu" #else #define SIZE_SPEC "%21lu" #endif So, if the header is not adjusted, the columns are not correctly aligned. I actually tested this on 32- and 64-bit and it seems correct now. Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-10-25fs: do not assign default i_ino in new_inodeChristoph Hellwig1-0/+1
Instead of always assigning an increasing inode number in new_inode move the call to assign it into those callers that actually need it. For now callers that need it is estimated conservatively, that is the call is added to all filesystems that do not assign an i_ino by themselves. For a few more filesystems we can avoid assigning any inode number given that they aren't user visible, and for others it could be done lazily when an inode number is actually needed, but that's left for later patches. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-10-25new helper: ihold()Al Viro1-1/+1
Clones an existing reference to inode; caller must already hold one. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-10-15llseek: automatically add .llseek fopArnd Bergmann2-0/+3
All file_operations should get a .llseek operation so we can make nonseekable_open the default for future file operations without a .llseek pointer. The three cases that we can automatically detect are no_llseek, seq_lseek and default_llseek. For cases where we can we can automatically prove that the file offset is always ignored, we use noop_llseek, which maintains the current behavior of not returning an error from a seek. New drivers should normally not use noop_llseek but instead use no_llseek and call nonseekable_open at open time. Existing drivers can be converted to do the same when the maintainer knows for certain that no user code relies on calling seek on the device file. The generated code is often incorrectly indented and right now contains comments that clarify for each added line why a specific variant was chosen. In the version that gets submitted upstream, the comments will be gone and I will manually fix the indentation, because there does not seem to be a way to do that using coccinelle. Some amount of new code is currently sitting in linux-next that should get the same modifications, which I will do at the end of the merge window. Many thanks to Julia Lawall for helping me learn to write a semantic patch that does all this. ===== begin semantic patch ===== // This adds an llseek= method to all file operations, // as a preparation for making no_llseek the default. // // The rules are // - use no_llseek explicitly if we do nonseekable_open // - use seq_lseek for sequential files // - use default_llseek if we know we access f_pos // - use noop_llseek if we know we don't access f_pos, // but we still want to allow users to call lseek // @ open1 exists @ identifier nested_open; @@ nested_open(...) { <+... nonseekable_open(...) ...+> } @ open exists@ identifier open_f; identifier i, f; identifier open1.nested_open; @@ int open_f(struct inode *i, struct file *f) { <+... ( nonseekable_open(...) | nested_open(...) ) ...+> } @ read disable optional_qualifier exists @ identifier read_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; expression E; identifier func; @@ ssize_t read_f(struct file *f, char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { <+... ( *off = E | *off += E | func(..., off, ...) | E = *off ) ...+> } @ read_no_fpos disable optional_qualifier exists @ identifier read_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; @@ ssize_t read_f(struct file *f, char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { ... when != off } @ write @ identifier write_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; expression E; identifier func; @@ ssize_t write_f(struct file *f, const char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { <+... ( *off = E | *off += E | func(..., off, ...) | E = *off ) ...+> } @ write_no_fpos @ identifier write_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; @@ ssize_t write_f(struct file *f, const char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { ... when != off } @ fops0 @ identifier fops; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... }; @ has_llseek depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier llseek_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .llseek = llseek_f, ... }; @ has_read depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = read_f, ... }; @ has_write depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier write_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, ... }; @ has_open depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier open_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .open = open_f, ... }; // use no_llseek if we call nonseekable_open //////////////////////////////////////////// @ nonseekable1 depends on !has_llseek && has_open @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier nso ~= "nonseekable_open"; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .open = nso, ... +.llseek = no_llseek, /* nonseekable */ }; @ nonseekable2 depends on !has_llseek @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier open.open_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .open = open_f, ... +.llseek = no_llseek, /* open uses nonseekable */ }; // use seq_lseek for sequential files ///////////////////////////////////// @ seq depends on !has_llseek @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier sr ~= "seq_read"; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = sr, ... +.llseek = seq_lseek, /* we have seq_read */ }; // use default_llseek if there is a readdir /////////////////////////////////////////// @ fops1 depends on !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier readdir_e; @@ // any other fop is used that changes pos struct file_operations fops = { ... .readdir = readdir_e, ... +.llseek = default_llseek, /* readdir is present */ }; // use default_llseek if at least one of read/write touches f_pos ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// @ fops2 depends on !fops1 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read.read_f; @@ // read fops use offset struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = read_f, ... +.llseek = default_llseek, /* read accesses f_pos */ }; @ fops3 depends on !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier write.write_f; @@ // write fops use offset struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, ... + .llseek = default_llseek, /* write accesses f_pos */ }; // Use noop_llseek if neither read nor write accesses f_pos /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// @ fops4 depends on !fops1 && !fops2 && !fops3 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read_no_fpos.read_f; identifier write_no_fpos.write_f; @@ // write fops use offset struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, .read = read_f, ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* read and write both use no f_pos */ }; @ depends on has_write && !has_read && !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier write_no_fpos.write_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* write uses no f_pos */ }; @ depends on has_read && !has_write && !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read_no_fpos.read_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = read_f, ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* read uses no f_pos */ }; @ depends on !has_read && !has_write && !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* no read or write fn */ }; ===== End semantic patch ===== Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Julia Lawall <julia@diku.dk> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
2010-10-01sys_semctl: fix kernel stack leakageDan Rosenberg1-0/+2
The semctl syscall has several code paths that lead to the leakage of uninitialized kernel stack memory (namely the IPC_INFO, SEM_INFO, IPC_STAT, and SEM_STAT commands) during the use of the older, obsolete version of the semid_ds struct. The copy_semid_to_user() function declares a semid_ds struct on the stack and copies it back to the user without initializing or zeroing the "sem_base", "sem_pending", "sem_pending_last", and "undo" pointers, allowing the leakage of 16 bytes of kernel stack memory. The code is still reachable on 32-bit systems - when calling semctl() newer glibc's automatically OR the IPC command with the IPC_64 flag, but invoking the syscall directly allows users to use the older versions of the struct. Signed-off-by: Dan Rosenberg <dan.j.rosenberg@gmail.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-09switch mqueue to ->evict_inode()Al Viro1-9/+7
... and since the inodes are never hashed, we can use default ->drop_inode() just fine. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-07-20ipc/sem.c: bugfix for semop() not reporting successful operationManfred Spraul1-7/+39
The last change to improve the scalability moved the actual wake-up out of the section that is protected by spin_lock(sma->sem_perm.lock). This means that IN_WAKEUP can be in queue.status even when the spinlock is acquired by the current task. Thus the same loop that is performed when queue.status is read without the spinlock acquired must be performed when the spinlock is acquired. Thanks to kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com for noticing lack of the memory barrier. Addresses https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=16255 [akpm@linux-foundation.org: clean up kerneldoc, checkpatch warning and whitespace] Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Reported-by: Luca Tettamanti <kronos.it@gmail.com> Tested-by: Luca Tettamanti <kronos.it@gmail.com> Reported-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Maciej Rutecki <maciej.rutecki@gmail.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-06-04mqueue doesn't need make_bad_inode()Al Viro1-1/+0
It never hashes them anyway and does final iput() immediately afterwards. With ->drop_inode() being generic_delete_inode()... Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-05-27drop unused dentry argument to ->fsyncChristoph Hellwig1-7/+4
Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-05-27ipc/sem.c: use ERR_CASTJulia Lawall1-1/+1
Use ERR_CAST(x) rather than ERR_PTR(PTR_ERR(x)). The former makes more clear what is the purpose of the operation, which otherwise looks like a no-op. The semantic patch that makes this change is as follows: (http://coccinelle.lip6.fr/) // <smpl> @@ type T; T x; identifier f; @@ T f (...) { <+... - ERR_PTR(PTR_ERR(x)) + x ...+> } @@ expression x; @@ - ERR_PTR(PTR_ERR(x)) + ERR_CAST(x) // </smpl> Signed-off-by: Julia Lawall <julia@diku.dk> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-27ipc/sem.c: update description of the implementationManfred Spraul1-50/+53
ipc/sem.c begins with a 15 year old description about bugs in the initial implementation in Linux-1.0. The patch replaces that with a top level description of the current code. A TODO could be derived from this text: The opengroup man page for semop() does not mandate FIFO. Thus there is no need for a semaphore array list of pending operations. If - this list is removed - the per-semaphore array spinlock is removed (possible if there is no list to protect) - sem_otime is moved into the semaphores and calculated on demand during semctl() then the array would be read-mostly - which would significantly improve scaling for applications that use semaphore arrays with lots of entries. The price would be expensive semctl() calls: for(i=0;i<sma->sem_nsems;i++) spin_lock(sma->sem_lock); <do stuff> for(i=0;i<sma->sem_nsems;i++) spin_unlock(sma->sem_lock); I'm not sure if the complexity is worth the effort, thus here is the documentation of the current behavior first. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Chris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com> Cc: Zach Brown <zach.brown@oracle.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-27ipc/sem.c: move wake_up_process out of the spinlock sectionManfred Spraul1-32/+91
The wake-up part of semtimedop() consists out of two steps: - the right tasks must be identified. - they must be woken up. Right now, both steps run while the array spinlock is held. This patch reorders the code and moves the actual wake_up_process() behind the point where the spinlock is dropped. The code also moves setting sem->sem_otime to one place: It does not make sense to set the last modify time multiple times. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: repair kerneldoc] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix uninitialised retval] Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Chris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com> Cc: Zach Brown <zach.brown@oracle.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-27ipc/sem.c: optimize update_queue() for bulk wakeup callsManfred Spraul1-13/+97
The following series of patches tries to fix the spinlock contention reported by Chris Mason - his benchmark exposes problems of the current code: - In the worst case, the algorithm used by update_queue() is O(N^2). Bulk wake-up calls can enter this worst case. The patch series fix that. Note that the benchmark app doesn't expose the problem, it just should be fixed: Real world apps might do the wake-ups in another order than perfect FIFO. - The part of the code that runs within the semaphore array spinlock is significantly larger than necessary. The patch series fixes that. This change is responsible for the main improvement. - The cacheline with the spinlock is also used for a variable that is read in the hot path (sem_base) and for a variable that is unnecessarily written to multiple times (sem_otime). The last step of the series cacheline-aligns the spinlock. This patch: The SysV semaphore code allows to perform multiple operations on all semaphores in the array as atomic operations. After a modification, update_queue() checks which of the waiting tasks can complete. The algorithm that is used to identify the tasks is O(N^2) in the worst case. For some cases, it is simple to avoid the O(N^2). The patch adds a detection logic for some cases, especially for the case of an array where all sleeping tasks are single sembuf operations and a multi-sembuf operation is used to wake up multiple tasks. A big database application uses that approach. The patch fixes wakeup due to semctl(,,SETALL,) - the initial version of the patch breaks that. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: make do_smart_update() static] Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Chris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com> Cc: Zach Brown <zach.brown@oracle.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-25kernel-wide: replace USHORT_MAX, SHORT_MAX and SHORT_MIN with USHRT_MAX, SHRT_MAX and SHRT_MINAlexey Dobriyan2-8/+8
- C99 knows about USHRT_MAX/SHRT_MAX/SHRT_MIN, not USHORT_MAX/SHORT_MAX/SHORT_MIN. - Make SHRT_MIN of type s16, not int, for consistency. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix drivers/dma/timb_dma.c] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix security/keys/keyring.c] Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Acked-by: WANG Cong <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-11mqueue: fix kernel BUG caused by double free() on mq_open()André Goddard Rosa1-1/+1
In case of aborting because we reach the maximum amount of memory which can be allocated to message queues per user (RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE), we would try to free the message area twice when bailing out: first by the error handling code itself, and then later when cleaning up the inode through delete_inode(). Signed-off-by: André Goddard Rosa <andre.goddard@gmail.com> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-04-06mqueue: Convert message queue timeout to use hrtimersCarsten Emde1-49/+25
The message queue functions mq_timedsend() and mq_timedreceive() have not yet been converted to use the hrtimer interface. This patch replaces the call to schedule_timeout() by a call to schedule_hrtimeout() and transforms the expiration time from timespec to ktime as required. [ tglx: Fixed whitespace wreckage ] Signed-off-by: Carsten Emde <C.Emde@osadl.org> Tested-by: Pradyumna Sampath <pradysam@gmail.com> Cc: Arjan van de Veen <arjan@infradead.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> LKML-Reference: <20100402204331.715783034@osadl.org> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2010-03-30include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.hTejun Heo3-2/+1
percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being included when building most .c files. percpu.h includes slab.h which in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies. percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed. Prepare for this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those headers directly instead of assuming availability. As this conversion needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is used as the basis of conversion. http://userweb.kernel.org/~tj/misc/slabh-sweep.py The script does the followings. * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that only the necessary includes are there. ie. if only gfp is used, gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h. * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms to its surrounding. It's put in the include block which contains core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered - alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there doesn't seem to be any matching order. * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the file. The conversion was done in the following steps. 1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h and ~3000 slab.h inclusions. The script emitted errors for ~400 files. 2. Each error was manually checked. Some didn't need the inclusion, some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or embedding .c file was more appropriate for others. This step added inclusions to around 150 files. 3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits from #2 to make sure no file was left behind. 4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed. e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually. 5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell. Most gfp.h inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros. Each slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as necessary. 6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h. 7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures were fixed. CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq). * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config. * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig * ia64 SMP allmodconfig * s390 SMP allmodconfig * alpha SMP allmodconfig * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig 8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as a separate patch and serve as bisection point. Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step 6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch. If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of the specific arch. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Guess-its-ok-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
2010-03-22ppc64 sys_ipc breakage in 2.6.34-rc2Anton Blanchard1-1/+1
I chased down a fail on ppc64 on 2.6.34-rc2 where an application that uses shared memory was getting a SEGV. Commit baed7fc9b580bd3fb8252ff1d9b36eaf1f86b670 ("Add generic sys_ipc wrapper") changed the second argument from an unsigned long to an int. When we call shmget the system call wrappers for sys_ipc will sign extend second (ie the size) which truncates it. It took a while to track down because the call succeeds and strace shows the untruncated size :) The patch below changes second from an int to an unsigned long which fixes shmget on ppc64 (and I assume s390, sparc64 and mips64). Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org> -- I assume the function prototypes for the other IPC methods would cause us to sign or zero extend second where appropriate (avoiding any security issues). Come to think of it, the syscall wrappers for each method should do that for us as well. Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-12ipc: use rlimit helpersJiri Slaby2-3/+2
Make sure compiler won't do weird things with limits. E.g. fetching them twice may return 2 different values after writable limits are implemented. I.e. either use rlimit helpers added in 3e10e716abf3c71bdb5d86b8f507f9e72236c9cd ("resource: add helpers for fetching rlimits") or ACCESS_ONCE if not applicable. Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-12Add generic sys_ipc wrapperChristoph Hellwig2-1/+100
Add a generic implementation of the ipc demultiplexer syscall. Except for s390 and sparc64 all implementations of the sys_ipc are nearly identical. There are slight differences in the types of the parameters, where mips and powerpc as the only 64-bit architectures with sys_ipc use unsigned long for the "third" argument as it gets casted to a pointer later, while it traditionally is an "int" like most other paramters. frv goes even further and uses unsigned long for all parameters execept for "ptr" which is a pointer type everywhere. The change from int to unsigned long for "third" and back to "int" for the others on frv should be fine due to the in-register calling conventions for syscalls (we already had a similar issue with the generic sys_ptrace), but I'd prefer to have the arch maintainers looks over this in details. Except for that h8300, m68k and m68knommu lack an impplementation of the semtimedop sub call which this patch adds, and various architectures have gets used - at least on i386 it seems superflous as the compat code on x86-64 and ia64 doesn't even bother to implement it. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: add sys_ipc to sys_ni.c] Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Cc: Hirokazu Takata <takata@linux-m32r.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Reviewed-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: "Luck, Tony" <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: Andreas Schwab <schwab@linux-m68k.org> Acked-by: Jesper Nilsson <jesper.nilsson@axis.com> Acked-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Kyle McMartin <kyle@mcmartin.ca> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-03mqueue: fix typo "failues" -> "failures"André Goddard Rosa1-1/+1
Signed-off-by: André Goddard Rosa <andre.goddard@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-03-03mqueue: only set error codes if they are really necessaryAndré Goddard Rosa1-27/+50
... postponing assignments until they're needed. Doesn't change code size. Signed-off-by: André Goddard Rosa <andre.goddard@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-03-03mqueue: simplify do_open() error handlingAndré Goddard Rosa1-6/+10
It reduces code size: text data bss dec hex filename 9925 72 16 10013 271d ipc/mqueue-BEFORE.o 9885 72 16 9973 26f5 ipc/mqueue-AFTER.o Signed-off-by: André Goddard Rosa <andre.goddard@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-03-03mqueue: apply mathematics distributivity on mq_bytes calculationAndré Goddard Rosa1-4/+5
Code size reduction: text data bss dec hex filename 9941 72 16 10029 272d ipc/mqueue-BEFORE.o 9925 72 16 10013 271d ipc/mqueue-AFTER.o Signed-off-by: André Goddard Rosa <andre.goddard@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-03-03mqueue: remove unneeded info->messages initializationAndré Goddard Rosa1-8/+5
... and abort earlier if we couldn't allocate the message pointers array, avoiding the u->mq_bytes accounting logic. It reduces code size: text data bss dec hex filename 9949 72 16 10037 2735 ipc/mqueue-BEFORE.o 9941 72 16 10029 272d ipc/mqueue-AFTER.o Signed-off-by: André Goddard Rosa <andre.goddard@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-03-03mqueue: fix mq_open() file descriptor leak on user-space processesAndré Goddard Rosa1-2/+1
We leak fd on lookup_one_len() failure Signed-off-by: André Goddard Rosa <andre.goddard@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-01-16nommu: fix SYSV SHM for NOMMUDavid Howells1-0/+3
Commit c4caa778157dbbf04116f0ac2111e389b5cd7a29 ("file ->get_unmapped_area() shouldn't duplicate work of get_unmapped_area()") broke SYSV SHM for NOMMU by taking away the pointer to shm_get_unmapped_area() from shm_file_operations. Put it back conditionally on CONFIG_MMU=n. file->f_ops->get_unmapped_area() is used to find out the base address for a mapping of a mappable chardev device or mappable memory-based file (such as a ramfs file). It needs to be called prior to file->f_ops->mmap() being called. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Greg Ungerer <gerg@snapgear.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>