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2019-12-01mm/memory-failure.c: use page_shift() in add_to_kill()Yunfeng Ye1-1/+1
page_shift() is supported after the commit 94ad9338109f ("mm: introduce page_shift()"). So replace with page_shift() in add_to_kill() for readability. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/543d8bc9-f2e7-3023-7c35-2e7ed67c0e82@huawei.com Signed-off-by: Yunfeng Ye <yeyunfeng@huawei.com> Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com> Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-12-01mm, soft-offline: convert parameter to pfnNaoya Horiguchi1-10/+9
Currently soft_offline_page() receives struct page, and its sibling memory_failure() receives pfn. This discrepancy looks weird and makes precheck on pfn validity tricky. So let's align them. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191016234706.GA5493@www9186uo.sakura.ne.jp Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Acked-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-12-01mm/memory-failure.c clean up around tk pre-allocationJane Chu1-27/+13
add_to_kill() expects the first 'tk' to be pre-allocated, it makes subsequent allocations on need basis, this makes the code a bit difficult to read. Move all the allocation internal to add_to_kill() and drop the **tk argument. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1565112345-28754-2-git-send-email-jane.chu@oracle.com Signed-off-by: Jane Chu <jane.chu@oracle.com> Reviewed-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-10-19mm/memory-failure.c: don't access uninitialized memmaps in memory_failure()David Hildenbrand1-6/+8
We should check for pfn_to_online_page() to not access uninitialized memmaps. Reshuffle the code so we don't have to duplicate the error message. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191009142435.3975-3-david@redhat.com Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com> Fixes: f1dd2cd13c4b ("mm, memory_hotplug: do not associate hotadded memory to zones until online") [visible after d0dc12e86b319] Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [4.13+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-10-14mm/memory-failure: poison read receives SIGKILL instead of SIGBUS if mmaped more than onceJane Chu1-9/+13
Mmap /dev/dax more than once, then read the poison location using address from one of the mappings. The other mappings due to not having the page mapped in will cause SIGKILLs delivered to the process. SIGKILL succeeds over SIGBUS, so user process loses the opportunity to handle the UE. Although one may add MAP_POPULATE to mmap(2) to work around the issue, MAP_POPULATE makes mapping 128GB of pmem several magnitudes slower, so isn't always an option. Details - ndctl inject-error --block=10 --count=1 namespace6.0 ./read_poison -x dax6.0 -o 5120 -m 2 mmaped address 0x7f5bb6600000 mmaped address 0x7f3cf3600000 doing local read at address 0x7f3cf3601400 Killed Console messages in instrumented kernel - mce: Uncorrected hardware memory error in user-access at edbe201400 Memory failure: tk->addr = 7f5bb6601000 Memory failure: address edbe201: call dev_pagemap_mapping_shift dev_pagemap_mapping_shift: page edbe201: no PUD Memory failure: tk->size_shift == 0 Memory failure: Unable to find user space address edbe201 in read_poison Memory failure: tk->addr = 7f3cf3601000 Memory failure: address edbe201: call dev_pagemap_mapping_shift Memory failure: tk->size_shift = 21 Memory failure: 0xedbe201: forcibly killing read_poison:22434 because of failure to unmap corrupted page => to deliver SIGKILL Memory failure: 0xedbe201: Killing read_poison:22434 due to hardware memory corruption => to deliver SIGBUS Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1565112345-28754-3-git-send-email-jane.chu@oracle.com Signed-off-by: Jane Chu <jane.chu@oracle.com> Suggested-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Reviewed-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-07-12mm/memory-failure.c: clarify error messageJane Chu1-1/+1
Some user who install SIGBUS handler that does longjmp out therefore keeping the process alive is confused by the error message "[188988.765862] Memory failure: 0x1840200: Killing cellsrv:33395 due to hardware memory corruption" Slightly modify the error message to improve clarity. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1558403523-22079-1-git-send-email-jane.chu@oracle.com Signed-off-by: Jane Chu <jane.chu@oracle.com> Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Acked-by: Pankaj Gupta <pagupta@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-07-02mm: remove MEMORY_DEVICE_PUBLIC supportChristoph Hellwig1-5/+1
The code hasn't been used since it was added to the tree, and doesn't appear to actually be usable. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Reviewed-by: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@mellanox.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Reviewed-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Tested-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@mellanox.com>
2019-06-29mm: hugetlb: soft-offline: dissolve_free_huge_page() return zero on !PageHugeNaoya Horiguchi1-4/+1
madvise(MADV_SOFT_OFFLINE) often returns -EBUSY when calling soft offline for hugepages with overcommitting enabled. That was caused by the suboptimal code in current soft-offline code. See the following part: ret = migrate_pages(&pagelist, new_page, NULL, MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL, MIGRATE_SYNC, MR_MEMORY_FAILURE); if (ret) { ... } else { /* * We set PG_hwpoison only when the migration source hugepage * was successfully dissolved, because otherwise hwpoisoned * hugepage remains on free hugepage list, then userspace will * find it as SIGBUS by allocation failure. That's not expected * in soft-offlining. */ ret = dissolve_free_huge_page(page); if (!ret) { if (set_hwpoison_free_buddy_page(page)) num_poisoned_pages_inc(); } } return ret; Here dissolve_free_huge_page() returns -EBUSY if the migration source page was freed into buddy in migrate_pages(), but even in that case we actually has a chance that set_hwpoison_free_buddy_page() succeeds. So that means current code gives up offlining too early now. dissolve_free_huge_page() checks that a given hugepage is suitable for dissolving, where we should return success for !PageHuge() case because the given hugepage is considered as already dissolved. This change also affects other callers of dissolve_free_huge_page(), which are cleaned up together. [n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com: v3] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1560761476-4651-3-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.comLink: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1560154686-18497-3-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com Fixes: 6bc9b56433b76 ("mm: fix race on soft-offlining") Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Reported-by: Chen, Jerry T <jerry.t.chen@intel.com> Tested-by: Chen, Jerry T <jerry.t.chen@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com> Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: Xishi Qiu <xishi.qiuxishi@alibaba-inc.com> Cc: "Chen, Jerry T" <jerry.t.chen@intel.com> Cc: "Zhuo, Qiuxu" <qiuxu.zhuo@intel.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [4.19+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-06-29mm: soft-offline: return -EBUSY if set_hwpoison_free_buddy_page() failsNaoya Horiguchi1-0/+2
The pass/fail of soft offline should be judged by checking whether the raw error page was finally contained or not (i.e. the result of set_hwpoison_free_buddy_page()), but current code do not work like that. It might lead us to misjudge the test result when set_hwpoison_free_buddy_page() fails. Without this fix, there are cases where madvise(MADV_SOFT_OFFLINE) may not offline the original page and will not return an error. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1560154686-18497-2-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Fixes: 6bc9b56433b76 ("mm: fix race on soft-offlining") Reviewed-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com> Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: Xishi Qiu <xishi.qiuxishi@alibaba-inc.com> Cc: "Chen, Jerry T" <jerry.t.chen@intel.com> Cc: "Zhuo, Qiuxu" <qiuxu.zhuo@intel.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [4.19+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-06-05treewide: Replace GPLv2 boilerplate/reference with SPDX - rule 263Thomas Gleixner1-4/+1
Based on 1 normalized pattern(s): this software may be redistributed and or modified under the terms of the gnu general public license gpl version 2 only as published by the free software foundation extracted by the scancode license scanner the SPDX license identifier GPL-2.0-only has been chosen to replace the boilerplate/reference in 1 file(s). Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Richard Fontana <rfontana@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Alexios Zavras <alexios.zavras@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Allison Randal <allison@lohutok.net> Cc: linux-spdx@vger.kernel.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190529141333.676969322@linutronix.de Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2019-05-27signal: Remove task parameter from force_sig_mceerrEric W. Biederman1-1/+1
All of the callers pass current into force_sig_mceer so remove the task parameter to make this obvious. This also makes it clear that force_sig_mceerr passes current into force_sig_info. Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2019-03-05mm: hwpoison: fix thp split handing in soft_offline_in_use_page()zhongjiang1-8/+6
When soft_offline_in_use_page() runs on a thp tail page after pmd is split, we trigger the following VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(): Memory failure: 0x3755ff: non anonymous thp __get_any_page: 0x3755ff: unknown zero refcount page type 2fffff80000000 Soft offlining pfn 0x34d805 at process virtual address 0x20fff000 page:ffffea000d360140 count:0 mapcount:0 mapping:0000000000000000 index:0x1 flags: 0x2fffff80000000() raw: 002fffff80000000 ffffea000d360108 ffffea000d360188 0000000000000000 raw: 0000000000000001 0000000000000000 00000000ffffffff 0000000000000000 page dumped because: VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_count(page) == 0) ------------[ cut here ]------------ kernel BUG at ./include/linux/mm.h:519! soft_offline_in_use_page() passed refcount and page lock from tail page to head page, which is not needed because we can pass any subpage to split_huge_page(). Naoya had fixed a similar issue in c3901e722b29 ("mm: hwpoison: fix thp split handling in memory_failure()"). But he missed fixing soft offline. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1551452476-24000-1-git-send-email-zhongjiang@huawei.com Fixes: 61f5d698cc97 ("mm: re-enable THP") Signed-off-by: zhongjiang <zhongjiang@huawei.com> Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [4.5+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-02-01mm: hwpoison: use do_send_sig_info() instead of force_sig()Naoya Horiguchi1-1/+2
Currently memory_failure() is racy against process's exiting, which results in kernel crash by null pointer dereference. The root cause is that memory_failure() uses force_sig() to forcibly kill asynchronous (meaning not in the current context) processes. As discussed in thread https://lkml.org/lkml/2010/6/8/236 years ago for OOM fixes, this is not a right thing to do. OOM solves this issue by using do_send_sig_info() as done in commit d2d393099de2 ("signal: oom_kill_task: use SEND_SIG_FORCED instead of force_sig()"), so this patch is suggesting to do the same for hwpoison. do_send_sig_info() properly accesses to siglock with lock_task_sighand(), so is free from the reported race. I confirmed that the reported bug reproduces with inserting some delay in kill_procs(), and it never reproduces with this patch. Note that memory_failure() can send another type of signal using force_sig_mceerr(), and the reported race shouldn't happen on it because force_sig_mceerr() is called only for synchronous processes (i.e. BUS_MCEERR_AR happens only when some process accesses to the corrupted memory.) Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190116093046.GA29835@hori1.linux.bs1.fc.nec.co.jp Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Reported-by: Jane Chu <jane.chu@oracle.com> Reviewed-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Reviewed-by: William Kucharski <william.kucharski@oracle.com> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-01-08hugetlbfs: revert "use i_mmap_rwsem for more pmd sharing synchronization"Mike Kravetz1-14/+2
This reverts b43a9990055958e70347c56f90ea2ae32c67334c The reverted commit caused issues with migration and poisoning of anon huge pages. The LTP move_pages12 test will cause an "unable to handle kernel NULL pointer" BUG would occur with stack similar to: RIP: 0010:down_write+0x1b/0x40 Call Trace: migrate_pages+0x81f/0xb90 __ia32_compat_sys_migrate_pages+0x190/0x190 do_move_pages_to_node.isra.53.part.54+0x2a/0x50 kernel_move_pages+0x566/0x7b0 __x64_sys_move_pages+0x24/0x30 do_syscall_64+0x5b/0x180 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9 The purpose of the reverted patch was to fix some long existing races with huge pmd sharing. It used i_mmap_rwsem for this purpose with the idea that this could also be used to address truncate/page fault races with another patch. Further analysis has determined that i_mmap_rwsem can not be used to address all these hugetlbfs synchronization issues. Therefore, revert this patch while working an another approach to the underlying issues. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190103235452.29335-2-mike.kravetz@oracle.com Signed-off-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com> Reported-by: Jan Stancek <jstancek@redhat.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K . V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: "Kirill A . Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net> Cc: Prakash Sangappa <prakash.sangappa@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-12-28hugetlbfs: use i_mmap_rwsem for more pmd sharing synchronizationMike Kravetz1-2/+14
While looking at BUGs associated with invalid huge page map counts, it was discovered and observed that a huge pte pointer could become 'invalid' and point to another task's page table. Consider the following: A task takes a page fault on a shared hugetlbfs file and calls huge_pte_alloc to get a ptep. Suppose the returned ptep points to a shared pmd. Now, another task truncates the hugetlbfs file. As part of truncation, it unmaps everyone who has the file mapped. If the range being truncated is covered by a shared pmd, huge_pmd_unshare will be called. For all but the last user of the shared pmd, huge_pmd_unshare will clear the pud pointing to the pmd. If the task in the middle of the page fault is not the last user, the ptep returned by huge_pte_alloc now points to another task's page table or worse. This leads to bad things such as incorrect page map/reference counts or invalid memory references. To fix, expand the use of i_mmap_rwsem as follows: - i_mmap_rwsem is held in read mode whenever huge_pmd_share is called. huge_pmd_share is only called via huge_pte_alloc, so callers of huge_pte_alloc take i_mmap_rwsem before calling. In addition, callers of huge_pte_alloc continue to hold the semaphore until finished with the ptep. - i_mmap_rwsem is held in write mode whenever huge_pmd_unshare is called. [mike.kravetz@oracle.com: add explicit check for mapping != null] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181218223557.5202-2-mike.kravetz@oracle.com Fixes: 39dde65c9940 ("shared page table for hugetlb page") Signed-off-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com> Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K . V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net> Cc: Prakash Sangappa <prakash.sangappa@oracle.com> Cc: Colin Ian King <colin.king@canonical.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-12-04dax: Fix unlock mismatch with updated APIMatthew Wilcox1-2/+4
Internal to dax_unlock_mapping_entry(), dax_unlock_entry() is used to store a replacement entry in the Xarray at the given xas-index with the DAX_LOCKED bit clear. When called, dax_unlock_entry() expects the unlocked value of the entry relative to the current Xarray state to be specified. In most contexts dax_unlock_entry() is operating in the same scope as the matched dax_lock_entry(). However, in the dax_unlock_mapping_entry() case the implementation needs to recall the original entry. In the case where the original entry is a 'pmd' entry it is possible that the pfn performed to do the lookup is misaligned to the value retrieved in the Xarray. Change the api to return the unlock cookie from dax_lock_page() and pass it to dax_unlock_page(). This fixes a bug where dax_unlock_page() was assuming that the page was PMD-aligned if the entry was a PMD entry with signatures like: WARNING: CPU: 38 PID: 1396 at fs/dax.c:340 dax_insert_entry+0x2b2/0x2d0 RIP: 0010:dax_insert_entry+0x2b2/0x2d0 [..] Call Trace: dax_iomap_pte_fault.isra.41+0x791/0xde0 ext4_dax_huge_fault+0x16f/0x1f0 ? up_read+0x1c/0xa0 __do_fault+0x1f/0x160 __handle_mm_fault+0x1033/0x1490 handle_mm_fault+0x18b/0x3d0 Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181130154902.GL10377@bombadil.infradead.org Fixes: 9f32d221301c ("dax: Convert dax_lock_mapping_entry to XArray") Reported-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Tested-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2018-08-23mm: soft-offline: close the race against page allocationNaoya Horiguchi1-5/+21
A process can be killed with SIGBUS(BUS_MCEERR_AR) when it tries to allocate a page that was just freed on the way of soft-offline. This is undesirable because soft-offline (which is about corrected error) is less aggressive than hard-offline (which is about uncorrected error), and we can make soft-offline fail and keep using the page for good reason like "system is busy." Two main changes of this patch are: - setting migrate type of the target page to MIGRATE_ISOLATE. As done in free_unref_page_commit(), this makes kernel bypass pcplist when freeing the page. So we can assume that the page is in freelist just after put_page() returns, - setting PG_hwpoison on free page under zone->lock which protects freelists, so this allows us to avoid setting PG_hwpoison on a page that is decided to be allocated soon. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak set_hwpoison_free_buddy_page() comment] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1531452366-11661-3-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Reported-by: Xishi Qiu <xishi.qiuxishi@alibaba-inc.com> Tested-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: <zy.zhengyi@alibaba-inc.com> Cc: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-23mm: fix race on soft-offlining free huge pagesNaoya Horiguchi1-6/+16
Patch series "mm: soft-offline: fix race against page allocation". Xishi recently reported the issue about race on reusing the target pages of soft offlining. Discussion and analysis showed that we need make sure that setting PG_hwpoison should be done in the right place under zone->lock for soft offline. 1/2 handles free hugepage's case, and 2/2 hanldes free buddy page's case. This patch (of 2): There's a race condition between soft offline and hugetlb_fault which causes unexpected process killing and/or hugetlb allocation failure. The process killing is caused by the following flow: CPU 0 CPU 1 CPU 2 soft offline get_any_page // find the hugetlb is free mmap a hugetlb file page fault ... hugetlb_fault hugetlb_no_page alloc_huge_page // succeed soft_offline_free_page // set hwpoison flag mmap the hugetlb file page fault ... hugetlb_fault hugetlb_no_page find_lock_page return VM_FAULT_HWPOISON mm_fault_error do_sigbus // kill the process The hugetlb allocation failure comes from the following flow: CPU 0 CPU 1 mmap a hugetlb file // reserve all free page but don't fault-in soft offline get_any_page // find the hugetlb is free soft_offline_free_page // set hwpoison flag dissolve_free_huge_page // fail because all free hugepages are reserved page fault ... hugetlb_fault hugetlb_no_page alloc_huge_page ... dequeue_huge_page_node_exact // ignore hwpoisoned hugepage // and finally fail due to no-mem The root cause of this is that current soft-offline code is written based on an assumption that PageHWPoison flag should be set at first to avoid accessing the corrupted data. This makes sense for memory_failure() or hard offline, but does not for soft offline because soft offline is about corrected (not uncorrected) error and is safe from data lost. This patch changes soft offline semantics where it sets PageHWPoison flag only after containment of the error page completes successfully. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1531452366-11661-2-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Reported-by: Xishi Qiu <xishi.qiuxishi@alibaba-inc.com> Suggested-by: Xishi Qiu <xishi.qiuxishi@alibaba-inc.com> Tested-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: <zy.zhengyi@alibaba-inc.com> Cc: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22mm: fix page_freeze_refs and page_unfreeze_refs in commentsJiang Biao1-1/+1
page_freeze_refs/page_unfreeze_refs have already been relplaced by page_ref_freeze/page_ref_unfreeze , but they are not modified in the comments. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1532590226-106038-1-git-send-email-jiang.biao2@zte.com.cn Signed-off-by: Jiang Biao <jiang.biao2@zte.com.cn> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-07-23mm, memory_failure: Teach memory_failure() about dev_pagemap pagesDan Williams1-2/+123
mce: Uncorrected hardware memory error in user-access at af34214200 {1}[Hardware Error]: It has been corrected by h/w and requires no further action mce: [Hardware Error]: Machine check events logged {1}[Hardware Error]: event severity: corrected Memory failure: 0xaf34214: reserved kernel page still referenced by 1 users [..] Memory failure: 0xaf34214: recovery action for reserved kernel page: Failed mce: Memory error not recovered In contrast to typical memory, dev_pagemap pages may be dax mapped. With dax there is no possibility to map in another page dynamically since dax establishes 1:1 physical address to file offset associations. Also dev_pagemap pages associated with NVDIMM / persistent memory devices can internal remap/repair addresses with poison. While memory_failure() assumes that it can discard typical poisoned pages and keep them unmapped indefinitely, dev_pagemap pages may be returned to service after the error is cleared. Teach memory_failure() to detect and handle MEMORY_DEVICE_HOST dev_pagemap pages that have poison consumed by userspace. Mark the memory as UC instead of unmapping it completely to allow ongoing access via the device driver (nd_pmem). Later, nd_pmem will grow support for marking the page back to WB when the error is cleared. Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dave Jiang <dave.jiang@intel.com>
2018-07-23mm, memory_failure: Collect mapping size in collect_procs()Dan Williams1-41/+40
In preparation for supporting memory_failure() for dax mappings, teach collect_procs() to also determine the mapping size. Unlike typical mappings the dax mapping size is determined by walking page-table entries rather than using the compound-page accounting for THP pages. Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dave Jiang <dave.jiang@intel.com>
2018-07-20mm, madvise_inject_error: Disable MADV_SOFT_OFFLINE for ZONE_DEVICE pagesDan Williams1-0/+8
Given that dax / device-mapped pages are never subject to page allocations remove them from consideration by the soft-offline mechanism. Reported-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Signed-off-by: Dave Jiang <dave.jiang@intel.com>
2018-04-11mm, migrate: remove reason argument from new_page_tMichal Hocko1-1/+1
No allocation callback is using this argument anymore. new_page_node used to use this parameter to convey node_id resp. migration error up to move_pages code (do_move_page_to_node_array). The error status never made it into the final status field and we have a better way to communicate node id to the status field now. All other allocation callbacks simply ignored the argument so we can drop it finally. [mhocko@suse.com: fix migration callback] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180105085259.GH2801@dhcp22.suse.cz [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix alloc_misplaced_dst_page()] [mhocko@kernel.org: fix build] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180103091134.GB11319@dhcp22.suse.cz Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180103082555.14592-3-mhocko@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Reviewed-by: Zi Yan <zi.yan@cs.rutgers.edu> Cc: Andrea Reale <ar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Anshuman Khandual <khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com> Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-04-05mm: hwpoison: disable memory error handling on 1GB hugepageNaoya Horiguchi1-0/+16
Recently the following BUG was reported: Injecting memory failure for pfn 0x3c0000 at process virtual address 0x7fe300000000 Memory failure: 0x3c0000: recovery action for huge page: Recovered BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at ffff8dfcc0003000 IP: gup_pgd_range+0x1f0/0xc20 PGD 17ae72067 P4D 17ae72067 PUD 0 Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP PTI ... CPU: 3 PID: 5467 Comm: hugetlb_1gb Not tainted 4.15.0-rc8-mm1-abc+ #3 Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.9.3-1.fc25 04/01/2014 You can easily reproduce this by calling madvise(MADV_HWPOISON) twice on a 1GB hugepage. This happens because get_user_pages_fast() is not aware of a migration entry on pud that was created in the 1st madvise() event. I think that conversion to pud-aligned migration entry is working, but other MM code walking over page table isn't prepared for it. We need some time and effort to make all this work properly, so this patch avoids the reported bug by just disabling error handling for 1GB hugepage. [n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com: v2] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1517284444-18149-1-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1517207283-15769-1-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Reviewed-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com> Acked-by: Punit Agrawal <punit.agrawal@arm.com> Tested-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Cc: Anshuman Khandual <khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-02-13x86/mm, mm/hwpoison: Don't unconditionally unmap kernel 1:1 pagesTony Luck1-2/+0
In the following commit: ce0fa3e56ad2 ("x86/mm, mm/hwpoison: Clear PRESENT bit for kernel 1:1 mappings of poison pages") ... we added code to memory_failure() to unmap the page from the kernel 1:1 virtual address space to avoid speculative access to the page logging additional errors. But memory_failure() may not always succeed in taking the page offline, especially if the page belongs to the kernel. This can happen if there are too many corrected errors on a page and either mcelog(8) or drivers/ras/cec.c asks to take a page offline. Since we remove the 1:1 mapping early in memory_failure(), we can end up with the page unmapped, but still in use. On the next access the kernel crashes :-( There are also various debug paths that call memory_failure() to simulate occurrence of an error. Since there is no actual error in memory, we don't need to map out the page for those cases. Revert most of the previous attempt and keep the solution local to arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c. Unmap the page only when: 1) there is a real error 2) memory_failure() succeeds. All of this only applies to 64-bit systems. 32-bit kernel doesn't map all of memory into kernel space. It isn't worth adding the code to unmap the piece that is mapped because nobody would run a 32-bit kernel on a machine that has recoverable machine checks. Signed-off-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com> Cc: Dave <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Robert (Persistent Memory) <elliott@hpe.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org #v4.14 Fixes: ce0fa3e56ad2 ("x86/mm, mm/hwpoison: Clear PRESENT bit for kernel 1:1 mappings of poison pages") Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2018-01-23signal/memory-failure: Use force_sig_mceerr and send_sig_mceerrEric W. Biederman1-9/+6
Delegate filling out struct siginfo to functions in kernel/signal.c to simplify the code. Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2018-01-23mm/memory_failure: Remove unused trapno from memory_failureEric W. Biederman1-20/+13
Today 4 architectures set ARCH_SUPPORTS_MEMORY_FAILURE (arm64, parisc, powerpc, and x86), while 4 other architectures set __ARCH_SI_TRAPNO (alpha, metag, sparc, and tile). These two sets of architectures do not interesect so remove the trapno paramater to remove confusion. Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2017-11-15mm, soft_offline: improve hugepage soft offlining error logLaszlo Toth1-1/+1
On a failed attempt, we get the following entry: soft offline: 0x3c0000: migration failed 1, type 17ffffc0008008 (uptodate|head) Make this more specific to be straightforward and to follow other error log formats in soft_offline_huge_page(). Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171016171757.GA3018@ubuntu-desk-vm Signed-off-by: Laszlo Toth <laszlth@gmail.com> Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-08-17x86/mm, mm/hwpoison: Clear PRESENT bit for kernel 1:1 mappings of poison pagesTony Luck1-0/+2
Speculative processor accesses may reference any memory that has a valid page table entry. While a speculative access won't generate a machine check, it will log the error in a machine check bank. That could cause escalation of a subsequent error since the overflow bit will be then set in the machine check bank status register. Code has to be double-plus-tricky to avoid mentioning the 1:1 virtual address of the page we want to map out otherwise we may trigger the very problem we are trying to avoid. We use a non-canonical address that passes through the usual Linux table walking code to get to the same "pte". Thanks to Dave Hansen for reviewing several iterations of this. Also see: http://marc.info/?l=linux-mm&m=149860136413338&w=2 Signed-off-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com> Cc: Elliott, Robert (Persistent Memory) <elliott@hpe.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170816171803.28342-1-tony.luck@intel.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2017-07-10mm, hugetlb, soft_offline: use new_page_nodemask for soft offline migrationMichal Hocko1-9/+1
new_page is yet another duplication of the migration callback which has to handle hugetlb migration specially. We can safely use the generic new_page_nodemask for the same purpose. Please note that gigantic hugetlb pages do not need any special handling because alloc_huge_page_nodemask will make sure to check pages in all per node pools. The reason this was done previously was that alloc_huge_page_node treated NO_NUMA_NODE and a specific node differently and so alloc_huge_page_node(nid) would check on this specific node. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170622193034.28972-4-mhocko@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Reported-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Reviewed-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com> Tested-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com> Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-07-10mm: hwpoison: introduce idenfity_page_stateNaoya Horiguchi1-32/+25
Factoring duplicate code into a function. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496305019-5493-10-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-07-10mm: hugetlb: delete dequeue_hwpoisoned_huge_page()Naoya Horiguchi1-11/+0
dequeue_hwpoisoned_huge_page() is no longer used, so let's remove it. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496305019-5493-9-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-07-10mm: hwpoison: dissolve in-use hugepage in unrecoverable memory errorNaoya Horiguchi1-40/+53
Currently me_huge_page() relies on dequeue_hwpoisoned_huge_page() to keep the error hugepage away from the system, which is OK but not good enough because the hugepage still has a refcount and unpoison doesn't work on the error hugepage (PageHWPoison flags are cleared but pages are still leaked.) And there's "wasting health subpages" issue too. This patch reworks on me_huge_page() to solve these issues. For hugetlb file, recently we have truncating code so let's use it in hugetlbfs specific ->error_remove_page(). For anonymous hugepage, it's helpful to dissolve the error page after freeing it into free hugepage list. Migration entry and PageHWPoison in the head page prevent the access to it. TODO: dissolve_free_huge_page() can fail but we don't considered it yet. It's not critical (and at least no worse that now) because in such case the error hugepage just stays in free hugepage list without being dissolved. By virtue of PageHWPoison in head page, it's never allocated to processes. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix unused var warnings] Fixes: 23a003bfd23ea9ea0b7756b920e51f64b284b468 ("mm/madvise: pass return code of memory_failure() to userspace") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170417055948.GM31394@yexl-desktop Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496305019-5493-8-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Reported-by: kernel test robot <lkp@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-07-10mm: hwpoison: introduce memory_failure_hugetlb()Naoya Horiguchi1-52/+82
memory_failure() is a big function and hard to maintain. Handling hugetlb- and non-hugetlb- case in a single function is not good, so this patch separates PageHuge() branch into a new function, which saves many PageHuge() check. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496305019-5493-7-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-07-10mm: soft-offline: dissolve free hugepage if soft-offlinedNaoya Horiguchi1-1/+1
Now we have code to rescue most of healthy pages from a hwpoisoned hugepage. So let's apply it to soft_offline_free_page too. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496305019-5493-6-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-07-10mm: hugetlb: soft-offline: dissolve source hugepage after successful migrationAnshuman Khandual1-4/+1
Currently hugepage migrated by soft-offline (i.e. due to correctable memory errors) is contained as a hugepage, which means many non-error pages in it are unreusable, i.e. wasted. This patch solves this issue by dissolving source hugepages into buddy. As done in previous patch, PageHWPoison is set only on a head page of the error hugepage. Then in dissoliving we move the PageHWPoison flag to the raw error page so that all healthy subpages return back to buddy. [arnd@arndb.de: fix warnings: replace some macros with inline functions] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170609102544.2947326-1-arnd@arndb.de Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496305019-5493-5-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com Signed-off-by: Anshuman Khandual <khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-07-10mm: hwpoison: change PageHWPoison behavior on hugetlb pagesNaoya Horiguchi1-63/+24
We'd like to narrow down the error region in memory error on hugetlb pages. However, currently we set PageHWPoison flags on all subpages in the error hugepage and add # of subpages to num_hwpoison_pages, which doesn't fit our purpose. So this patch changes the behavior and we only set PageHWPoison on the head page then increase num_hwpoison_pages only by 1. This is a preparation for narrow-down part which comes in later patches. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496305019-5493-4-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Anshuman Khandual <khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-07-10mm: hugetlb: prevent reuse of hwpoisoned free hugepagesNaoya Horiguchi1-1/+0
Patch series "mm: hwpoison: fixlet for hugetlb migration". This patchset updates the hwpoison/hugetlb code to address 2 reported issues. One is madvise(MADV_HWPOISON) failure reported by Intel's lkp robot (see http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170417055948.GM31394@yexl-desktop.) First half was already fixed in mainline, and another half about hugetlb cases are solved in this series. Another issue is "narrow-down error affected region into a single 4kB page instead of a whole hugetlb page" issue, which was tried by Anshuman (http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170420110627.12307-1-khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com) and I updated it to apply it more widely. This patch (of 9): We no longer use MIGRATE_ISOLATE to prevent reuse of hwpoison hugepages as we did before. So current dequeue_huge_page_node() doesn't work as intended because it still uses is_migrate_isolate_page() for this check. This patch fixes it with PageHWPoison flag. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496305019-5493-2-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Anshuman Khandual <khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-07-06mm/madvise: enable (soft|hard) offline of HugeTLB pages at PGD levelAnshuman Khandual1-4/+9
Though migrating gigantic HugeTLB pages does not sound much like real world use case, they can be affected by memory errors. Hence migration at the PGD level HugeTLB pages should be supported just to enable soft and hard offline use cases. While allocating the new gigantic HugeTLB page, it should not matter whether new page comes from the same node or not. There would be very few gigantic pages on the system afterall, we should not be bothered about node locality when trying to save a big page from crashing. This change renames dequeu_huge_page_node() function as dequeue_huge _page_node_exact() preserving it's original functionality. Now the new dequeue_huge_page_node() function scans through all available online nodes to allocate a huge page for the NUMA_NO_NODE case and just falls back calling dequeu_huge_page_node_exact() for all other cases. [arnd@arndb.de: make hstate_is_gigantic() inline] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170522124748.3911296-1-arnd@arndb.de Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170516100509.20122-1-khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com Signed-off-by: Anshuman Khandual <khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-07-06mm: fix mapping_set_error call in me_pagecache_dirtyJeff Layton1-1/+1
The error code should be negative. Since this ends up in the default case anyway, this is harmless, but it's less confusing to negate it. Also, later patches will require a negative error code here. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170525103355.6760-1-jlayton@redhat.com Signed-off-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Reviewed-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com> Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-17mm/memory-failure.c: use compound_head() flags for huge pagesJames Morse1-1/+4
memory_failure() chooses a recovery action function based on the page flags. For huge pages it uses the tail page flags which don't have anything interesting set, resulting in: > Memory failure: 0x9be3b4: Unknown page state > Memory failure: 0x9be3b4: recovery action for unknown page: Failed Instead, save a copy of the head page's flags if this is a huge page, this means if there are no relevant flags for this tail page, we use the head pages flags instead. This results in the me_huge_page() recovery action being called: > Memory failure: 0x9b7969: recovery action for huge page: Delayed For hugepages that have not yet been allocated, this allows the hugepage to be dequeued. Fixes: 524fca1e7356 ("HWPOISON: fix misjudgement of page_action() for errors on mlocked pages") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170524130204.21845-1-james.morse@arm.com Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> Tested-by: Punit Agrawal <punit.agrawal@arm.com> Acked-by: Punit Agrawal <punit.agrawal@arm.com> Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-02mm/migrate: fix refcount handling when !hugepage_migration_supported()Punit Agrawal1-6/+2
On failing to migrate a page, soft_offline_huge_page() performs the necessary update to the hugepage ref-count. But when !hugepage_migration_supported() , unmap_and_move_hugepage() also decrements the page ref-count for the hugepage. The combined behaviour leaves the ref-count in an inconsistent state. This leads to soft lockups when running the overcommitted hugepage test from mce-tests suite. Soft offlining pfn 0x83ed600 at process virtual address 0x400000000000 soft offline: 0x83ed600: migration failed 1, type 1fffc00000008008 (uptodate|head) INFO: rcu_preempt detected stalls on CPUs/tasks: Tasks blocked on level-0 rcu_node (CPUs 0-7): P2715 (detected by 7, t=5254 jiffies, g=963, c=962, q=321) thugetlb_overco R running task 0 2715 2685 0x00000008 Call trace: dump_backtrace+0x0/0x268 show_stack+0x24/0x30 sched_show_task+0x134/0x180 rcu_print_detail_task_stall_rnp+0x54/0x7c rcu_check_callbacks+0xa74/0xb08 update_process_times+0x34/0x60 tick_sched_handle.isra.7+0x38/0x70 tick_sched_timer+0x4c/0x98 __hrtimer_run_queues+0xc0/0x300 hrtimer_interrupt+0xac/0x228 arch_timer_handler_phys+0x3c/0x50 handle_percpu_devid_irq+0x8c/0x290 generic_handle_irq+0x34/0x50 __handle_domain_irq+0x68/0xc0 gic_handle_irq+0x5c/0xb0 Address this by changing the putback_active_hugepage() in soft_offline_huge_page() to putback_movable_pages(). This only triggers on systems that enable memory failure handling (ARCH_SUPPORTS_MEMORY_FAILURE) but not hugepage migration (!ARCH_ENABLE_HUGEPAGE_MIGRATION). I imagine this wasn't triggered as there aren't many systems running this configuration. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove dead comment, per Naoya] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170525135146.32011-1-punit.agrawal@arm.com Reported-by: Manoj Iyer <manoj.iyer@canonical.com> Tested-by: Manoj Iyer <manoj.iyer@canonical.com> Suggested-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Signed-off-by: Punit Agrawal <punit.agrawal@arm.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Wanpeng Li <wanpeng.li@hotmail.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.14+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-12hwpoison, memcg: forcibly uncharge LRU pagesMichal Hocko1-0/+7
Laurent Dufour has noticed that hwpoinsoned pages are kept charged. In his particular case he has hit a bad_page("page still charged to cgroup") when onlining a hwpoison page. While this looks like something that shouldn't happen in the first place because onlining hwpages and returning them to the page allocator makes only little sense it shows a real problem. hwpoison pages do not get freed usually so we do not uncharge them (at least not since commit 0a31bc97c80c ("mm: memcontrol: rewrite uncharge API")). Each charge pins memcg (since e8ea14cc6ead ("mm: memcontrol: take a css reference for each charged page")) as well and so the mem_cgroup and the associated state will never go away. Fix this leak by forcibly uncharging a LRU hwpoisoned page in delete_from_lru_cache(). We also have to tweak uncharge_list because it cannot rely on zero ref count for these pages. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Fixes: 0a31bc97c80c ("mm: memcontrol: rewrite uncharge API") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170502185507.GB19165@dhcp22.suse.cz Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Reported-by: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Tested-by: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-03mm: hwpoison: call shake_page() after try_to_unmap() for mlocked pageNaoya Horiguchi1-0/+8
Memory error handler calls try_to_unmap() for error pages in various states. If the error page is a mlocked page, error handling could fail with "still referenced by 1 users" message. This is because the page is linked to and stays in lru cache after the following call chain. try_to_unmap_one page_remove_rmap clear_page_mlock putback_lru_page lru_cache_add memory_failure() calls shake_page() to hanlde the similar issue, but current code doesn't cover because shake_page() is called only before try_to_unmap(). So this patches adds shake_page(). Fixes: 23a003bfd23ea9ea0b7756b920e51f64b284b468 ("mm/madvise: pass return code of memory_failure() to userspace") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170417055948.GM31394@yexl-desktop Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1493197841-23986-3-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Reported-by: kernel test robot <lkp@intel.com> Cc: Xiaolong Ye <xiaolong.ye@intel.com> Cc: Chen Gong <gong.chen@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-03mm: hwpoison: call shake_page() unconditionallyNaoya Horiguchi1-16/+11
shake_page() is called before going into core error handling code in order to ensure that the error page is flushed from lru_cache lists where pages stay during transferring among LRU lists. But currently it's not fully functional because when the page is linked to lru_cache by calling activate_page(), its PageLRU flag is set and shake_page() is skipped. The result is to fail error handling with "still referenced by 1 users" message. When the page is linked to lru_cache by isolate_lru_page(), its PageLRU is clear, so that's fine. This patch makes shake_page() unconditionally called to avoild the failure. Fixes: 23a003bfd23ea9ea0b7756b920e51f64b284b468 ("mm/madvise: pass return code of memory_failure() to userspace") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170417055948.GM31394@yexl-desktop Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1493197841-23986-2-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Reported-by: kernel test robot <lkp@intel.com> Cc: Xiaolong Ye <xiaolong.ye@intel.com> Cc: Chen Gong <gong.chen@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-03mm/memory-failure.c: add page flag description in error pathsAnshuman Khandual1-8/+8
It helps to provide page flag description along with the raw value in error paths during soft offline process. From sample experiments Before the patch: soft offline: 0x6100: migration failed 1, type 3ffff800008018 soft offline: 0x7400: migration failed 1, type 3ffff800008018 After the patch: soft offline: 0x5900: migration failed 1, type 3ffff800008018 (uptodate|dirty|head) soft offline: 0x6c00: migration failed 1, type 3ffff800008018 (uptodate|dirty|head) Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170409023829.10788-1-khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com Signed-off-by: Anshuman Khandual <khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-03mm: make ttu's return booleanMinchan Kim1-14/+12
try_to_unmap() returns SWAP_SUCCESS or SWAP_FAIL so it's suitable for boolean return. This patch changes it. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1489555493-14659-8-git-send-email-minchan@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Anshuman Khandual <khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Hillf Danton <hillf.zj@alibaba-inc.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-03mm: delete unnecessary TTU_* flagsShaohua Li1-1/+1
Patch series "mm: fix some MADV_FREE issues", v5. We are trying to use MADV_FREE in jemalloc. Several issues are found. Without solving the issues, jemalloc can't use the MADV_FREE feature. - Doesn't support system without swap enabled. Because if swap is off, we can't or can't efficiently age anonymous pages. And since MADV_FREE pages are mixed with other anonymous pages, we can't reclaim MADV_FREE pages. In current implementation, MADV_FREE will fallback to MADV_DONTNEED without swap enabled. But in our environment, a lot of machines don't enable swap. This will prevent our setup using MADV_FREE. - Increases memory pressure. page reclaim bias file pages reclaim against anonymous pages. This doesn't make sense for MADV_FREE pages, because those pages could be freed easily and refilled with very slight penality. Even page reclaim doesn't bias file pages, there is still an issue, because MADV_FREE pages and other anonymous pages are mixed together. To reclaim a MADV_FREE page, we probably must scan a lot of other anonymous pages, which is inefficient. In our test, we usually see oom with MADV_FREE enabled and nothing without it. - Accounting. There are two accounting problems. We don't have a global accounting. If the system is abnormal, we don't know if it's a problem from MADV_FREE side. The other problem is RSS accounting. MADV_FREE pages are accounted as normal anon pages and reclaimed lazily, so application's RSS becomes bigger. This confuses our workloads. We have monitoring daemon running and if it finds applications' RSS becomes abnormal, the daemon will kill the applications even kernel can reclaim the memory easily. To address the first the two issues, we can either put MADV_FREE pages into a separate LRU list (Minchan's previous patches and V1 patches), or put them into LRU_INACTIVE_FILE list (suggested by Johannes). The patchset use the second idea. The reason is LRU_INACTIVE_FILE list is tiny nowadays and should be full of used once file pages. So we can still efficiently reclaim MADV_FREE pages there without interference with other anon and active file pages. Putting the pages into inactive file list also has an advantage which allows page reclaim to prioritize MADV_FREE pages and used once file pages. MADV_FREE pages are put into the lru list and clear SwapBacked flag, so PageAnon(page) && !PageSwapBacked(page) will indicate a MADV_FREE pages. These pages will directly freed without pageout if they are clean, otherwise normal swap will reclaim them. For the third issue, the previous post adds global accounting and a separate RSS count for MADV_FREE pages. The problem is we never get accurate accounting for MADV_FREE pages. The pages are mapped to userspace, can be dirtied without notice from kernel side. To get accurate accounting, we could write protect the page, but then there is extra page fault overhead, which people don't want to pay. Jemalloc guys have concerns about the inaccurate accounting, so this post drops the accounting patches temporarily. The info exported to /proc/pid/smaps for MADV_FREE pages are kept, which is the only place we can get accurate accounting right now. This patch (of 6): Johannes pointed out TTU_LZFREE is unnecessary. It's true because we always have the flag set if we want to do an unmap. For cases we don't do an unmap, the TTU_LZFREE part of code should never run. Also the TTU_UNMAP is unnecessary. If no other flags set (for example, TTU_MIGRATION), an unmap is implied. The patch includes Johannes's cleanup and dead TTU_ACTION macro removal code Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/4be3ea1bc56b26fd98a54d0a6f70bec63f6d8980.1487965799.git.shli@fb.com Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shli@fb.com> Suggested-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Acked-by: Hillf Danton <hillf.zj@alibaba-inc.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-03-02sched/headers: Prepare for new header dependencies before moving code to <linux/sched/task.h>Ingo Molnar1-0/+1
We are going to split <linux/sched/task.h> out of <linux/sched.h>, which will have to be picked up from other headers and a couple of .c files. Create a trivial placeholder <linux/sched/task.h> file that just maps to <linux/sched.h> to make this patch obviously correct and bisectable. Include the new header in the files that are going to need it. Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2017-03-02sched/headers: Prepare for new header dependencies before moving code to <linux/sched/signal.h>Ingo Molnar1-1/+1
We are going to split <linux/sched/signal.h> out of <linux/sched.h>, which will have to be picked up from other headers and a couple of .c files. Create a trivial placeholder <linux/sched/signal.h> file that just maps to <linux/sched.h> to make this patch obviously correct and bisectable. Include the new header in the files that are going to need it. Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>