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2013-03-08memcg: initialize kmem-cache destroying work earlierKonstantin Khlebnikov1-2/+6
Fix a warning from lockdep caused by calling cancel_work_sync() for uninitialized struct work. This path has been triggered by destructon kmem-cache hierarchy via destroying its root kmem-cache. cache ffff88003c072d80 obj ffff88003b410000 cache ffff88003c072d80 obj ffff88003b924000 cache ffff88003c20bd40 INFO: trying to register non-static key. the code is fine but needs lockdep annotation. turning off the locking correctness validator. Pid: 2825, comm: insmod Tainted: G O 3.9.0-rc1-next-20130307+ #611 Call Trace: __lock_acquire+0x16a2/0x1cb0 lock_acquire+0x8a/0x120 flush_work+0x38/0x2a0 __cancel_work_timer+0x89/0xf0 cancel_work_sync+0xb/0x10 kmem_cache_destroy_memcg_children+0x81/0xb0 kmem_cache_destroy+0xf/0xe0 init_module+0xcb/0x1000 [kmem_test] do_one_initcall+0x11a/0x170 load_module+0x19b0/0x2320 SyS_init_module+0xc6/0xf0 system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b Example module to demonstrate: #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> int __init mod_init(void) { int size = 256; struct kmem_cache *cache; void *obj; struct page *page; cache = kmem_cache_create("kmem_cache_test", size, size, 0, NULL); if (!cache) return -ENOMEM; printk("cache %p\n", cache); obj = kmem_cache_alloc(cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (obj) { page = virt_to_head_page(obj); printk("obj %p cache %p\n", obj, page->slab_cache); kmem_cache_free(cache, obj); } flush_scheduled_work(); obj = kmem_cache_alloc(cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (obj) { page = virt_to_head_page(obj); printk("obj %p cache %p\n", obj, page->slab_cache); kmem_cache_free(cache, obj); } kmem_cache_destroy(cache); return -EBUSY; } module_init(mod_init); MODULE_LICENSE("GPL"); Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org> Cc: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-08ksm: fix m68k build: only NUMA needs pfn_to_nidHugh Dickins1-1/+1
A CONFIG_DISCONTIGMEM=y m68k config gave mm/ksm.c: In function `get_kpfn_nid': mm/ksm.c:492: error: implicit declaration of function `pfn_to_nid' linux/mmzone.h declares it for CONFIG_SPARSEMEM and CONFIG_FLATMEM, but expects the arch's asm/mmzone.h to declare it for CONFIG_DISCONTIGMEM (see arch/mips/include/asm/mmzone.h for example). Or perhaps it is only expected when CONFIG_NUMA=y: too much of a maze, and m68k got away without it so far, so fix the build in mm/ksm.c. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Reported-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-08mm/mempolicy.c: fix sp_node_init() argument orderingKOSAKI Motohiro1-1/+1
Currently, n_new is wrongly initialized. start and end parameter are inverted. Let's fix it. Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-08mm/mempolicy.c: fix wrong sp_node insertionHillf Danton1-1/+1
n->end is accessed in sp_insert(). Thus it should be update before calling sp_insert(). This mistake may make kernel panic. Signed-off-by: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-02x86, ACPI, mm: Revert movablemem_map supportYinghai Lu2-330/+5
Tim found: WARNING: at arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c:324 topology_sane.isra.2+0x6f/0x80() Hardware name: S2600CP sched: CPU #1's llc-sibling CPU #0 is not on the same node! [node: 1 != 0]. Ignoring dependency. smpboot: Booting Node 1, Processors #1 Modules linked in: Pid: 0, comm: swapper/1 Not tainted 3.9.0-0-generic #1 Call Trace: set_cpu_sibling_map+0x279/0x449 start_secondary+0x11d/0x1e5 Don Morris reproduced on a HP z620 workstation, and bisected it to commit e8d195525809 ("acpi, memory-hotplug: parse SRAT before memblock is ready") It turns out movable_map has some problems, and it breaks several things 1. numa_init is called several times, NOT just for srat. so those nodes_clear(numa_nodes_parsed) memset(&numa_meminfo, 0, sizeof(numa_meminfo)) can not be just removed. Need to consider sequence is: numaq, srat, amd, dummy. and make fall back path working. 2. simply split acpi_numa_init to early_parse_srat. a. that early_parse_srat is NOT called for ia64, so you break ia64. b. for (i = 0; i < MAX_LOCAL_APIC; i++) set_apicid_to_node(i, NUMA_NO_NODE) still left in numa_init. So it will just clear result from early_parse_srat. it should be moved before that.... c. it breaks ACPI_TABLE_OVERIDE...as the acpi table scan is moved early before override from INITRD is settled. 3. that patch TITLE is total misleading, there is NO x86 in the title, but it changes critical x86 code. It caused x86 guys did not pay attention to find the problem early. Those patches really should be routed via tip/x86/mm. 4. after that commit, following range can not use movable ram: a. real_mode code.... well..funny, legacy Node0 [0,1M) could be hot-removed? b. initrd... it will be freed after booting, so it could be on movable... c. crashkernel for kdump...: looks like we can not put kdump kernel above 4G anymore. d. init_mem_mapping: can not put page table high anymore. e. initmem_init: vmemmap can not be high local node anymore. That is not good. If node is hotplugable, the mem related range like page table and vmemmap could be on the that node without problem and should be on that node. We have workaround patch that could fix some problems, but some can not be fixed. So just remove that offending commit and related ones including: f7210e6c4ac7 ("mm/memblock.c: use CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP to protect movablecore_map in memblock_overlaps_region().") 01a178a94e8e ("acpi, memory-hotplug: support getting hotplug info from SRAT") 27168d38fa20 ("acpi, memory-hotplug: extend movablemem_map ranges to the end of node") e8d195525809 ("acpi, memory-hotplug: parse SRAT before memblock is ready") fb06bc8e5f42 ("page_alloc: bootmem limit with movablecore_map") 42f47e27e761 ("page_alloc: make movablemem_map have higher priority") 6981ec31146c ("page_alloc: introduce zone_movable_limit[] to keep movable limit for nodes") 34b71f1e04fc ("page_alloc: add movable_memmap kernel parameter") 4d59a75125d5 ("x86: get pg_data_t's memory from other node") Later we should have patches that will make sure kernel put page table and vmemmap on local node ram instead of push them down to node0. Also need to find way to put other kernel used ram to local node ram. Reported-by: Tim Gardner <tim.gardner@canonical.com> Reported-by: Don Morris <don.morris@hp.com> Bisected-by: Don Morris <don.morris@hp.com> Tested-by: Don Morris <don.morris@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Thomas Renninger <trenn@suse.de> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-01fix nommu breakage in shmem.cAl Viro1-3/+2
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-02-27hlist: drop the node parameter from iteratorsSasha Levin4-29/+16
I'm not sure why, but the hlist for each entry iterators were conceived list_for_each_entry(pos, head, member) The hlist ones were greedy and wanted an extra parameter: hlist_for_each_entry(tpos, pos, head, member) Why did they need an extra pos parameter? I'm not quite sure. Not only they don't really need it, it also prevents the iterator from looking exactly like the list iterator, which is unfortunate. Besides the semantic patch, there was some manual work required: - Fix up the actual hlist iterators in linux/list.h - Fix up the declaration of other iterators based on the hlist ones. - A very small amount of places were using the 'node' parameter, this was modified to use 'obj->member' instead. - Coccinelle didn't handle the hlist_for_each_entry_safe iterator properly, so those had to be fixed up manually. The semantic patch which is mostly the work of Peter Senna Tschudin is here: @@ iterator name hlist_for_each_entry, hlist_for_each_entry_continue, hlist_for_each_entry_from, hlist_for_each_entry_rcu, hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_bh, hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu_bh, for_each_busy_worker, ax25_uid_for_each, ax25_for_each, inet_bind_bucket_for_each, sctp_for_each_hentry, sk_for_each, sk_for_each_rcu, sk_for_each_from, sk_for_each_safe, sk_for_each_bound, hlist_for_each_entry_safe, hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu, nr_neigh_for_each, nr_neigh_for_each_safe, nr_node_for_each, nr_node_for_each_safe, for_each_gfn_indirect_valid_sp, for_each_gfn_sp, for_each_host; type T; expression a,c,d,e; identifier b; statement S; @@ -T b; <+... when != b ( hlist_for_each_entry(a, - b, c, d) S | hlist_for_each_entry_continue(a, - b, c) S | hlist_for_each_entry_from(a, - b, c) S | hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(a, - b, c, d) S | hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_bh(a, - b, c, d) S | hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu_bh(a, - b, c) S | for_each_busy_worker(a, c, - b, d) S | ax25_uid_for_each(a, - b, c) S | ax25_for_each(a, - b, c) S | inet_bind_bucket_for_each(a, - b, c) S | sctp_for_each_hentry(a, - b, c) S | sk_for_each(a, - b, c) S | sk_for_each_rcu(a, - b, c) S | sk_for_each_from -(a, b) +(a) S + sk_for_each_from(a) S | sk_for_each_safe(a, - b, c, d) S | sk_for_each_bound(a, - b, c) S | hlist_for_each_entry_safe(a, - b, c, d, e) S | hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu(a, - b, c) S | nr_neigh_for_each(a, - b, c) S | nr_neigh_for_each_safe(a, - b, c, d) S | nr_node_for_each(a, - b, c) S | nr_node_for_each_safe(a, - b, c, d) S | - for_each_gfn_sp(a, c, d, b) S + for_each_gfn_sp(a, c, d) S | - for_each_gfn_indirect_valid_sp(a, c, d, b) S + for_each_gfn_indirect_valid_sp(a, c, d) S | for_each_host(a, - b, c) S | for_each_host_safe(a, - b, c, d) S | for_each_mesh_entry(a, - b, c, d) S ) ...+> [akpm@linux-foundation.org: drop bogus change from net/ipv4/raw.c] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: drop bogus hunk from net/ipv6/raw.c] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix warnings] [akpm@linux-foudnation.org: redo intrusive kvm changes] Tested-by: Peter Senna Tschudin <peter.senna@gmail.com> Acked-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com> Cc: Gleb Natapov <gleb@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-27arch Kconfig: centralise CONFIG_ARCH_NO_VIRT_TO_BUSStephen Rothwell1-1/+1
Change it to CONFIG_HAVE_VIRT_TO_BUS and set it in all architecures that already provide virt_to_bus(). Signed-off-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Reviewed-by: James Hogan <james.hogan@imgtec.com> Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com> Cc: H Hartley Sweeten <hartleys@visionengravers.com> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: Vineet Gupta <Vineet.Gupta1@synopsys.com> Cc: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com> Cc: <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-27mm: accelerate munlock() treatment of THP pagesMichel Lespinasse2-12/+24
munlock_vma_pages_range() was always incrementing addresses by PAGE_SIZE at a time. When munlocking THP pages (or the huge zero page), this resulted in taking the mm->page_table_lock 512 times in a row. We can do better by making use of the page_mask returned by follow_page_mask (for the huge zero page case), or the size of the page munlock_vma_page() operated on (for the true THP page case). Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-27mm: do not grow the stack vma just because of an overrun on preceding vmaLinus Torvalds1-0/+27
The stack vma is designed to grow automatically (marked with VM_GROWSUP or VM_GROWSDOWN depending on architecture) when an access is made beyond the existing boundary. However, particularly if you have not limited your stack at all ("ulimit -s unlimited"), this can cause the stack to grow even if the access was really just one past *another* segment. And that's wrong, especially since we first grow the segment, but then immediately later enforce the stack guard page on the last page of the segment. So _despite_ first growing the stack segment as a result of the access, the kernel will then make the access cause a SIGSEGV anyway! So do the same logic as the guard page check does, and consider an access to within one page of the next segment to be a bad access, rather than growing the stack to abut the next segment. Reported-and-tested-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-26fs: encode_fh: return FILEID_INVALID if invalid fid_typeNamjae Jeon2-2/+2
This patch is a follow up on below patch: [PATCH] exportfs: add FILEID_INVALID to indicate invalid fid_type commit: 216b6cbdcbd86b1db0754d58886b466ae31f5a63 Signed-off-by: Namjae Jeon <namjae.jeon@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Vivek Trivedi <t.vivek@samsung.com> Acked-by: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> Acked-by: Sage Weil <sage@inktank.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-02-26shmem_setup_file(): use d_alloc_pseudo() instead of d_alloc()Al Viro1-4/+15
Note that provided ->d_dname() reproduces what we used to get for those guys in e.g. /proc/self/maps; it might be a good idea to change that to something less ugly, but for now let's keep the existing user-visible behaviour Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-02-23ksm: allocate roots when neededHugh Dickins1-23/+49
It is a pity to have MAX_NUMNODES+MAX_NUMNODES tree roots statically allocated, particularly when very few users will ever actually tune merge_across_nodes 0 to use more than 1+1 of those trees. Not a big deal (only 16kB wasted on each machine with CONFIG_MAXSMP), but a pity. Start off with 1+1 statically allocated, then if merge_across_nodes is ever tuned, allocate for nr_node_ids+nr_node_ids. Do not attempt to free up the extra if it's tuned back, that would be a waste of effort. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: cleanup "swapcache" in do_swap_pageHugh Dickins1-10/+8
I dislike the way in which "swapcache" gets used in do_swap_page(): there is always a page from swapcache there (even if maybe uncached by the time we lock it), but tests are made according to "swapcache". Rework that with "page != swapcache", as has been done in unuse_pte(). Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm,ksm: swapoff might need to copyHugh Dickins1-1/+14
Before establishing that KSM page migration was the cause of my WARN_ON_ONCE(page_mapped(page))s, I suspected that they came from the lack of a ksm_might_need_to_copy() in swapoff's unuse_pte() - which in many respects is equivalent to faulting in a page. In fact I've never caught that as the cause: but in theory it does at least need the KSM_RUN_UNMERGE check in ksm_might_need_to_copy(), to avoid bringing a KSM page back in when it's not supposed to be. I intended to copy how it's done in do_swap_page(), but have a strong aversion to how "swapcache" ends up being used there: rework it with "page != swapcache". Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm,ksm: FOLL_MIGRATION do migration_entry_waitHugh Dickins2-3/+19
In "ksm: remove old stable nodes more thoroughly" I said that I'd never seen its WARN_ON_ONCE(page_mapped(page)). True at the time of writing, but it soon appeared once I tried fuller tests on the whole series. It turned out to be due to the KSM page migration itself: unmerge_and_ remove_all_rmap_items() failed to locate and replace all the KSM pages, because of that hiatus in page migration when old pte has been replaced by migration entry, but not yet by new pte. follow_page() finds no page at that instant, but a KSM page reappears shortly after, without a fault. Add FOLL_MIGRATION flag, so follow_page() can do migration_entry_wait() for KSM's break_cow(). I'd have preferred to avoid another flag, and do it every time, in case someone else makes the same easy mistake; but did not find another transgressor (the common get_user_pages() is of course safe), and cannot be sure that every follow_page() caller is prepared to sleep - ia64's xencomm_vtop()? Now, THP's wait_split_huge_page() can already sleep there, since anon_vma locking was changed to mutex, but maybe that's somehow excluded. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23ksm: shrink 32-bit rmap_item back to 32 bytesHugh Dickins1-12/+14
Think of struct rmap_item as an extension of struct page (restricted to MADV_MERGEABLE areas): there may be a lot of them, we need to keep them small, especially on 32-bit architectures of limited lowmem. Siting "int nid" after "unsigned int checksum" works nicely on 64-bit, making no change to its 64-byte struct rmap_item; but bloats the 32-bit struct rmap_item from (nicely cache-aligned) 32 bytes to 36 bytes, which rounds up to 40 bytes once allocated from slab. We'd better avoid that. Hey, I only just remembered that the anon_vma pointer in struct rmap_item has no purpose until the rmap_item is hung from a stable tree node (which has its own nid field); and rmap_item's nid field no purpose than to say which tree root to tell rb_erase() when unlinking from an unstable tree. Double them up in a union. There's just one place where we set anon_vma early (when we already hold mmap_sem): now we must remove tree_rmap_item from its unstable tree there, before overwriting nid. No need to spatter BUG()s around: we'd be seeing oopses if this were wrong. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23ksm: treat unstable nid like in stable treeHugh Dickins1-10/+9
An inconsistency emerged in reviewing the NUMA node changes to KSM: when meeting a page from the wrong NUMA node in a stable tree, we say that it's okay for comparisons, but not as a leaf for merging; whereas when meeting a page from the wrong NUMA node in an unstable tree, we bail out immediately. Now, it might be that a wrong NUMA node in an unstable tree is more likely to correlate with instablility (different content, with rbnode now misplaced) than page migration; but even so, we are accustomed to instablility in the unstable tree. Without strong evidence for which strategy is generally better, I'd rather be consistent with what's done in the stable tree: accept a page from the wrong NUMA node for comparison, but not as a leaf for merging. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23ksm: add some commentsHugh Dickins1-4/+14
Added slightly more detail to the Documentation of merge_across_nodes, a few comments in areas indicated by review, and renamed get_ksm_page()'s argument from "locked" to "lock_it". No functional change. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23tmpfs: fix mempolicy object leaksGreg Thelen1-3/+10
Fix several mempolicy leaks in the tmpfs mount logic. These leaks are slow - on the order of one object leaked per mount attempt. Leak 1 (umount doesn't free mpol allocated in mount): while true; do mount -t tmpfs -o mpol=interleave,size=100M nodev /mnt umount /mnt done Leak 2 (errors parsing remount options will leak mpol): mount -t tmpfs -o size=100M nodev /mnt while true; do mount -o remount,mpol=interleave,size=x /mnt 2> /dev/null done umount /mnt Leak 3 (multiple mpol per mount leak mpol): while true; do mount -t tmpfs -o mpol=interleave,mpol=interleave,size=100M nodev /mnt umount /mnt done This patch fixes all of the above. I could have broken the patch into three pieces but is seemed easier to review as one. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix handling of mpol_parse_str() errors, per Hugh] Signed-off-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23tmpfs: fix use-after-free of mempolicy objectGreg Thelen1-2/+8
The tmpfs remount logic preserves filesystem mempolicy if the mpol=M option is not specified in the remount request. A new policy can be specified if mpol=M is given. Before this patch remounting an mpol bound tmpfs without specifying mpol= mount option in the remount request would set the filesystem's mempolicy object to a freed mempolicy object. To reproduce the problem boot a DEBUG_PAGEALLOC kernel and run: # mkdir /tmp/x # mount -t tmpfs -o size=100M,mpol=interleave nodev /tmp/x # grep /tmp/x /proc/mounts nodev /tmp/x tmpfs rw,relatime,size=102400k,mpol=interleave:0-3 0 0 # mount -o remount,size=200M nodev /tmp/x # grep /tmp/x /proc/mounts nodev /tmp/x tmpfs rw,relatime,size=204800k,mpol=??? 0 0 # note ? garbage in mpol=... output above # dd if=/dev/zero of=/tmp/x/f count=1 # panic here Panic: BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at (null) IP: [< (null)>] (null) [...] Oops: 0010 [#1] SMP DEBUG_PAGEALLOC Call Trace: mpol_shared_policy_init+0xa5/0x160 shmem_get_inode+0x209/0x270 shmem_mknod+0x3e/0xf0 shmem_create+0x18/0x20 vfs_create+0xb5/0x130 do_last+0x9a1/0xea0 path_openat+0xb3/0x4d0 do_filp_open+0x42/0xa0 do_sys_open+0xfe/0x1e0 compat_sys_open+0x1b/0x20 cstar_dispatch+0x7/0x1f Non-debug kernels will not crash immediately because referencing the dangling mpol will not cause a fault. Instead the filesystem will reference a freed mempolicy object, which will cause unpredictable behavior. The problem boils down to a dropped mpol reference below if shmem_parse_options() does not allocate a new mpol: config = *sbinfo shmem_parse_options(data, &config, true) mpol_put(sbinfo->mpol) sbinfo->mpol = config.mpol /* BUG: saves unreferenced mpol */ This patch avoids the crash by not releasing the mempolicy if shmem_parse_options() doesn't create a new mpol. How far back does this issue go? I see it in both 2.6.36 and 3.3. I did not look back further. Signed-off-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm/fadvise.c: drain all pagevecs if POSIX_FADV_DONTNEED fails to discard all pagesMel Gorman1-2/+16
Rob van der Heij reported the following (paraphrased) on private mail. The scenario is that I want to avoid backups to fill up the page cache and purge stuff that is more likely to be used again (this is with s390x Linux on z/VM, so I don't give it as much memory that we don't care anymore). So I have something with LD_PRELOAD that intercepts the close() call (from tar, in this case) and issues a posix_fadvise() just before closing the file. This mostly works, except for small files (less than 14 pages) that remains in page cache after the face. Unfortunately Rob has not had a chance to test this exact patch but the test program below should be reproducing the problem he described. The issue is the per-cpu pagevecs for LRU additions. If the pages are added by one CPU but fadvise() is called on another then the pages remain resident as the invalidate_mapping_pages() only drains the local pagevecs via its call to pagevec_release(). The user-visible effect is that a program that uses fadvise() properly is not obeyed. A possible fix for this is to put the necessary smarts into invalidate_mapping_pages() to globally drain the LRU pagevecs if a pagevec page could not be discarded. The downside with this is that an inode cache shrink would send a global IPI and memory pressure potentially causing global IPI storms is very undesirable. Instead, this patch adds a check during fadvise(POSIX_FADV_DONTNEED) to check if invalidate_mapping_pages() discarded all the requested pages. If a subset of pages are discarded it drains the LRU pagevecs and tries again. If the second attempt fails, it assumes it is due to the pages being mapped, locked or dirty and does not care. With this patch, an application using fadvise() correctly will be obeyed but there is a downside that a malicious application can force the kernel to send global IPIs and increase overhead. If accepted, I would like this to be considered as a -stable candidate. It's not an urgent issue but it's a system call that is not working as advertised which is weak. The following test program demonstrates the problem. It should never report that pages are still resident but will without this patch. It assumes that CPU 0 and 1 exist. int main() { int fd; int pagesize = getpagesize(); ssize_t written = 0, expected; char *buf; unsigned char *vec; int resident, i; cpu_set_t set; /* Prepare a buffer for writing */ expected = FILESIZE_PAGES * pagesize; buf = malloc(expected + 1); if (buf == NULL) { printf("ENOMEM\n"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } buf[expected] = 0; memset(buf, 'a', expected); /* Prepare the mincore vec */ vec = malloc(FILESIZE_PAGES); if (vec == NULL) { printf("ENOMEM\n"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } /* Bind ourselves to CPU 0 */ CPU_ZERO(&set); CPU_SET(0, &set); if (sched_setaffinity(getpid(), sizeof(set), &set) == -1) { perror("sched_setaffinity"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } /* open file, unlink and write buffer */ fd = open("fadvise-test-file", O_CREAT|O_EXCL|O_RDWR); if (fd == -1) { perror("open"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } unlink("fadvise-test-file"); while (written < expected) { ssize_t this_write; this_write = write(fd, buf + written, expected - written); if (this_write == -1) { perror("write"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } written += this_write; } free(buf); /* * Force ourselves to another CPU. If fadvise only flushes the local * CPUs pagevecs then the fadvise will fail to discard all file pages */ CPU_ZERO(&set); CPU_SET(1, &set); if (sched_setaffinity(getpid(), sizeof(set), &set) == -1) { perror("sched_setaffinity"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } /* sync and fadvise to discard the page cache */ fsync(fd); if (posix_fadvise(fd, 0, expected, POSIX_FADV_DONTNEED) == -1) { perror("posix_fadvise"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } /* map the file and use mincore to see which parts of it are resident */ buf = mmap(NULL, expected, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0); if (buf == NULL) { perror("mmap"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } if (mincore(buf, expected, vec) == -1) { perror("mincore"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } /* Check residency */ for (i = 0, resident = 0; i < FILESIZE_PAGES; i++) { if (vec[i]) resident++; } if (resident != 0) { printf("Nr unexpected pages resident: %d\n", resident); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } munmap(buf, expected); close(fd); free(vec); exit(EXIT_SUCCESS); } Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Reported-by: Rob van der Heij <rvdheij@gmail.com> Tested-by: Rob van der Heij <rvdheij@gmail.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: export mmu notifier invalidatesCliff Wickman1-0/+2
We at SGI have a need to address some very high physical address ranges with our GRU (global reference unit), sometimes across partitioned machine boundaries and sometimes with larger addresses than the cpu supports. We do this with the aid of our own 'extended vma' module which mimics the vma. When something (either unmap or exit) frees an 'extended vma' we use the mmu notifiers to clean them up. We had been able to mimic the functions __mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start() and __mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end() by locking the per-mm lock and walking the per-mm notifier list. But with the change to a global srcu lock (static in mmu_notifier.c) we can no longer do that. Our module has no access to that lock. So we request that these two functions be exported. Signed-off-by: Cliff Wickman <cpw@sgi.com> Acked-by: Robin Holt <holt@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: accelerate mm_populate() treatment of THP pagesMichel Lespinasse2-10/+27
This change adds a follow_page_mask function which is equivalent to follow_page, but with an extra page_mask argument. follow_page_mask sets *page_mask to HPAGE_PMD_NR - 1 when it encounters a THP page, and to 0 in other cases. __get_user_pages() makes use of this in order to accelerate populating THP ranges - that is, when both the pages and vmas arrays are NULL, we don't need to iterate HPAGE_PMD_NR times to cover a single THP page (and we also avoid taking mm->page_table_lock that many times). Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: use long type for page counts in mm_populate() and get_user_pages()Michel Lespinasse4-24/+25
Use long type for page counts in mm_populate() so as to avoid integer overflow when running the following test code: int main(void) { void *p = mmap(NULL, 0x100000000000, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANON, -1, 0); printf("p: %p\n", p); mlockall(MCL_CURRENT); printf("done\n"); return 0; } Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: accurately document nr_free_*_pages functions with code commentsZhang Yanfei1-4/+19
nr_free_zone_pages(), nr_free_buffer_pages() and nr_free_pagecache_pages() are horribly badly named, so accurately document them with code comments in case of the misuse of them. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak comments] Reviewed-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23HWPOISON: change order of error_states[]'s elementsNaoya Horiguchi1-3/+3
error_states[] has two separate states "unevictable LRU page" and "mlocked LRU page", and the former one has the higher priority now. But because of that the latter one is rarely chosen because pages with PageMlocked highly likely have PG_unevictable set. On the other hand, PG_unevictable without PageMlocked is common for ramfs or SHM_LOCKed shared memory, so reversing the priority of these two states helps us clearly distinguish them. Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Chen Gong <gong.chen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23HWPOISON: fix misjudgement of page_action() for errors on mlocked pagesNaoya Horiguchi1-5/+22
memory_failure() can't handle memory errors on mlocked pages correctly, because page_action() judges such errors as ones on "unknown pages" instead of ones on "unevictable LRU page" or "mlocked LRU page". In order to determine page_state page_action() checks page flags at the timing of the judgement, but such page flags are not the same with those just after memory_failure() is called, because memory_failure() does unmapping of the error pages before doing page_action(). This unmapping changes the page state, especially page_remove_rmap() (called from try_to_unmap_one()) clears PG_mlocked, so page_action() can't catch mlocked pages after that. With this patch, we store the page flag of the error page before doing unmap, and (only) if the first check with page flags at the time decided the error page is unknown, we do the second check with the stored page flag. This implementation doesn't change error handling for the page types for which the first check can determine the page state correctly. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak comments] Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Chen Gong <gong.chen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23memcg: stop warning on memcg_propagate_kmemHugh Dickins1-2/+2
Whilst I run the risk of a flogging for disloyalty to the Lord of Sealand, I do have CONFIG_MEMCG=y CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM not set, and grow tired of the "mm/memcontrol.c:4972:12: warning: `memcg_propagate_kmem' defined but not used [-Wunused-function]" seen in 3.8-rc: move the #ifdef outwards. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23vmscan: change type of vm_total_pages to unsigned longZhang Yanfei1-1/+1
This variable is calculated from nr_free_pagecache_pages so change its type to unsigned long. Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: fix return type for functions nr_free_*_pagesZhang Yanfei1-4/+4
Currently, the amount of RAM that functions nr_free_*_pages return is held in unsigned int. But in machines with big memory (exceeding 16TB), the amount may be incorrect because of overflow, so fix it. Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Simon Horman <horms@verge.net.au> Cc: Julian Anastasov <ja@ssi.bg> Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Eric Van Hensbergen <ericvh@gmail.com> Cc: Ron Minnich <rminnich@sandia.gov> Cc: Latchesar Ionkov <lucho@ionkov.net> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23memcg: cleanup mem_cgroup_init commentMichal Hocko1-4/+6
We should encourage all memcg controller initialization independent on a specific mem_cgroup to be done here rather than exploit css_alloc callback and assume that nothing happens before root cgroup is created. Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Tejun Heo <htejun@gmail.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23memcg: move memcg_stock initialization to mem_cgroup_initMichal Hocko1-8/+12
memcg_stock are currently initialized during the root cgroup allocation which is OK but it pointlessly pollutes memcg allocation code with something that can be called when the memcg subsystem is initialized by mem_cgroup_init along with other controller specific parts. This patch wraps the current memcg_stock initialization code into a helper calls it from the controller subsystem initialization code. Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Tejun Heo <htejun@gmail.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23memcg: move mem_cgroup_soft_limit_tree_init to mem_cgroup_initMichal Hocko1-16/+3
Per-node-zone soft limit tree is currently initialized when the root cgroup is created which is OK but it pointlessly pollutes memcg allocation code with something that can be called when the memcg subsystem is initialized by mem_cgroup_init along with other controller specific parts. While we are at it let's make mem_cgroup_soft_limit_tree_init void because it doesn't make much sense to report memory failure because if we fail to allocate memory that early during the boot then we are screwed anyway (this saves some code). Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Tejun Heo <htejun@gmail.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: use up free swap space before reaching OOM killMinchan Kim1-5/+10
Recently, Luigi reported there are lots of free swap space when OOM happens. It's easily reproduced on zram-over-swap, where many instance of memory hogs are running and laptop_mode is enabled. He said there was no problem when he disabled laptop_mode. The problem when I investigate problem is following as. Assumption for easy explanation: There are no page cache page in system because they all are already reclaimed. 1. try_to_free_pages disable may_writepage when laptop_mode is enabled. 2. shrink_inactive_list isolates victim pages from inactive anon lru list. 3. shrink_page_list adds them to swapcache via add_to_swap but it doesn't pageout because sc->may_writepage is 0 so the page is rotated back into inactive anon lru list. The add_to_swap made the page Dirty by SetPageDirty. 4. 3 couldn't reclaim any pages so do_try_to_free_pages increase priority and retry reclaim with higher priority. 5. shrink_inactlive_list try to isolate victim pages from inactive anon lru list but got failed because it try to isolate pages with ISOLATE_CLEAN mode but inactive anon lru list is full of dirty pages by 3 so it just returns without any reclaim progress. 6. do_try_to_free_pages doesn't set may_writepage due to zero total_scanned. Because sc->nr_scanned is increased by shrink_page_list but we don't call shrink_page_list in 5 due to short of isolated pages. Above loop is continued until OOM happens. The problem didn't happen before [1] was merged because old logic's isolatation in shrink_inactive_list was successful and tried to call shrink_page_list to pageout them but it still ends up failed to page out by may_writepage. But important point is that sc->nr_scanned was increased although we couldn't swap out them so do_try_to_free_pages could set may_writepages. Since commit f80c0673610e ("mm: zone_reclaim: make isolate_lru_page() filter-aware") was introduced, it's not a good idea any more to depends on only the number of scanned pages for setting may_writepage. So this patch adds new trigger point of setting may_writepage as below DEF_PRIOIRTY - 2 which is used to show the significant memory pressure in VM so it's good fit for our purpose which would be better to lose power saving or clickety rather than OOM killing. Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Reported-by: Luigi Semenzato <semenzato@google.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: use NUMA_NO_NODEDavid Rientjes4-23/+26
Make a sweep through mm/ and convert code that uses -1 directly to using the more appropriate NUMA_NO_NODE. Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Reviewed-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mmu_notifier_unregister NULL Pointer deref and multiple ->release() calloutsRobin Holt1-40/+42
There is a race condition between mmu_notifier_unregister() and __mmu_notifier_release(). Assume two tasks, one calling mmu_notifier_unregister() as a result of a filp_close() ->flush() callout (task A), and the other calling mmu_notifier_release() from an mmput() (task B). A B t1 srcu_read_lock() t2 if (!hlist_unhashed()) t3 srcu_read_unlock() t4 srcu_read_lock() t5 hlist_del_init_rcu() t6 synchronize_srcu() t7 srcu_read_unlock() t8 hlist_del_rcu() <--- NULL pointer deref. Additionally, the list traversal in __mmu_notifier_release() is not protected by the by the mmu_notifier_mm->hlist_lock which can result in callouts to the ->release() notifier from both mmu_notifier_unregister() and __mmu_notifier_release(). -stable suggestions: The stable trees prior to 3.7.y need commits 21a92735f660 and 70400303ce0c cherry-picked in that order prior to cherry-picking this commit. The 3.7.y tree already has those two commits. Signed-off-by: Robin Holt <holt@sgi.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Xiao Guangrong <xiaoguangrong@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com> Cc: Sagi Grimberg <sagig@mellanox.co.il> Cc: Haggai Eran <haggaie@mellanox.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm/memory_hotplug: use pgdat_end_pfn() instead of open coding the same.Cody P Schafer1-1/+1
Replace open coded pgdat_end_pfn() with helper function. Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm/memory_hotplug: use ensure_zone_is_initialized()Cody P Schafer1-19/+10
Remove open coding of ensure_zone_is_initialzied(). Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: add helper ensure_zone_is_initialized()Cody P Schafer1-0/+11
ensure_zone_is_initialized() checks if a zone is in a empty & not initialized state (typically occuring after it is created in memory hotplugging), and, if so, calls init_currently_empty_zone() to initialize the zone. Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm/page_alloc: add informative debugging message in page_outside_zone_boundaries()Cody P Schafer1-0/+7
Add a debug message which prints when a page is found outside of the boundaries of the zone it should belong to. Format is: "page $pfn outside zone [ $start_pfn - $end_pfn ]" [akpm@linux-foundation.org: s/pr_debug/pr_err/] Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm/page_alloc: add a VM_BUG in __free_one_page() if the zone is uninitialized.Cody P Schafer1-0/+2
Freeing pages to uninitialized zones is not handled by __free_one_page(), and should never happen when the code is correct. Ran into this while writing some code that dynamically onlines extra zones. Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: add & use zone_end_pfn() and zone_spans_pfn()Cody P Schafer5-27/+22
Add 2 helpers (zone_end_pfn() and zone_spans_pfn()) to reduce code duplication. This also switches to using them in compaction (where an additional variable needed to be renamed), page_alloc, vmstat, memory_hotplug, and kmemleak. Note that in compaction.c I avoid calling zone_end_pfn() repeatedly because I expect at some point the sycronization issues with start_pfn & spanned_pages will need fixing, either by actually using the seqlock or clever memory barrier usage. Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm/mlock.c: document scary-looking stack expansion mlock chainJohannes Weiner1-0/+4
The fact that mlock calls get_user_pages, and get_user_pages might call mlock when expanding a stack looks like a potential recursion. However, mlock makes sure the requested range is already contained within a vma, so no stack expansion will actually happen from mlock. Should this ever change: the stack expansion mlocks only the newly expanded range and so will not result in recursive expansion. Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Reported-by: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Acked-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: refactor inactive_file_is_low() to use get_lru_size()Johannes Weiner2-24/+6
An inactive file list is considered low when its active counterpart is bigger, regardless of whether it is a global zone LRU list or a memcg zone LRU list. The only difference is in how the LRU size is assessed. get_lru_size() does the right thing for both global and memcg reclaim situations. Get rid of inactive_file_is_low_global() and mem_cgroup_inactive_file_is_low() by using get_lru_size() and compare the numbers in common code. Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: shmem: use new radix tree iteratorJohannes Weiner1-13/+12
In shmem_find_get_pages_and_swap(), use the faster radix tree iterator construct from commit 78c1d78488a3 ("radix-tree: introduce bit-optimized iterator"). Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23ksm: stop hotremove lockdep warningHugh Dickins1-14/+41
Complaints are rare, but lockdep still does not understand the way ksm_memory_callback(MEM_GOING_OFFLINE) takes ksm_thread_mutex, and holds it until the ksm_memory_callback(MEM_OFFLINE): that appears to be a problem because notifier callbacks are made under down_read of blocking_notifier_head->rwsem (so first the mutex is taken while holding the rwsem, then later the rwsem is taken while still holding the mutex); but is not in fact a problem because mem_hotplug_mutex is held throughout the dance. There was an attempt to fix this with mutex_lock_nested(); but if that happened to fool lockdep two years ago, apparently it does so no longer. I had hoped to eradicate this issue in extending KSM page migration not to need the ksm_thread_mutex. But then realized that although the page migration itself is safe, we do still need to lock out ksmd and other users of get_ksm_page() while offlining memory - at some point between MEM_GOING_OFFLINE and MEM_OFFLINE, the struct pages themselves may vanish, and get_ksm_page()'s accesses to them become a violation. So, give up on holding ksm_thread_mutex itself from MEM_GOING_OFFLINE to MEM_OFFLINE, and add a KSM_RUN_OFFLINE flag, and wait_while_offlining() checks, to achieve the same lockout without being caught by lockdep. This is less elegant for KSM, but it's more important to keep lockdep useful to other users - and I apologize for how long it took to fix. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Reported-by: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com> Tested-by: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: remove offlining arg to migrate_pagesHugh Dickins6-38/+23
No functional change, but the only purpose of the offlining argument to migrate_pages() etc, was to ensure that __unmap_and_move() could migrate a KSM page for memory hotremove (which took ksm_thread_mutex) but not for other callers. Now all cases are safe, remove the arg. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com> Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23ksm: enable KSM page migrationHugh Dickins2-20/+4
Migration of KSM pages is now safe: remove the PageKsm restrictions from mempolicy.c and migrate.c. But keep PageKsm out of __unmap_and_move()'s anon_vma contortions, which are irrelevant to KSM: it looks as if that code was preventing hotremove migration of KSM pages, unless they happened to be in swapcache. There is some question as to whether enforcing a NUMA mempolicy migration ought to migrate KSM pages, mapped into entirely unrelated processes; but moving page_mapcount > 1 is only permitted with MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL anyway, and it seems reasonable to assume that you wouldn't set MADV_MERGEABLE on any area where this is a worry. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com> Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23ksm: make !merge_across_nodes migration safeHugh Dickins1-30/+134
The new KSM NUMA merge_across_nodes knob introduces a problem, when it's set to non-default 0: if a KSM page is migrated to a different NUMA node, how do we migrate its stable node to the right tree? And what if that collides with an existing stable node? ksm_migrate_page() can do no more than it's already doing, updating stable_node->kpfn: the stable tree itself cannot be manipulated without holding ksm_thread_mutex. So accept that a stable tree may temporarily indicate a page belonging to the wrong NUMA node, leave updating until the next pass of ksmd, just be careful not to merge other pages on to a misplaced page. Note nid of holding tree in stable_node, and recognize that it will not always match nid of kpfn. A misplaced KSM page is discovered, either when ksm_do_scan() next comes around to one of its rmap_items (we now have to go to cmp_and_merge_page even on pages in a stable tree), or when stable_tree_search() arrives at a matching node for another page, and this node page is found misplaced. In each case, move the misplaced stable_node to a list of migrate_nodes (and use the address of migrate_nodes as magic by which to identify them): we don't need them in a tree. If stable_tree_search() finds no match for a page, but it's currently exiled to this list, then slot its stable_node right there into the tree, bringing all of its mappings with it; otherwise they get migrated one by one to the original page of the colliding node. stable_tree_search() is now modelled more like stable_tree_insert(), in order to handle these insertions of migrated nodes. remove_node_from_stable_tree(), remove_all_stable_nodes() and ksm_check_stable_tree() have to handle the migrate_nodes list as well as the stable tree itself. Less obviously, we do need to prune the list of stale entries from time to time (scan_get_next_rmap_item() does it once each full scan): whereas stale nodes in the stable tree get naturally pruned as searches try to brush past them, these migrate_nodes may get forgotten and accumulate. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com> Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>