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2010-10-15llseek: automatically add .llseek fopArnd Bergmann4-0/+4
All file_operations should get a .llseek operation so we can make nonseekable_open the default for future file operations without a .llseek pointer. The three cases that we can automatically detect are no_llseek, seq_lseek and default_llseek. For cases where we can we can automatically prove that the file offset is always ignored, we use noop_llseek, which maintains the current behavior of not returning an error from a seek. New drivers should normally not use noop_llseek but instead use no_llseek and call nonseekable_open at open time. Existing drivers can be converted to do the same when the maintainer knows for certain that no user code relies on calling seek on the device file. The generated code is often incorrectly indented and right now contains comments that clarify for each added line why a specific variant was chosen. In the version that gets submitted upstream, the comments will be gone and I will manually fix the indentation, because there does not seem to be a way to do that using coccinelle. Some amount of new code is currently sitting in linux-next that should get the same modifications, which I will do at the end of the merge window. Many thanks to Julia Lawall for helping me learn to write a semantic patch that does all this. ===== begin semantic patch ===== // This adds an llseek= method to all file operations, // as a preparation for making no_llseek the default. // // The rules are // - use no_llseek explicitly if we do nonseekable_open // - use seq_lseek for sequential files // - use default_llseek if we know we access f_pos // - use noop_llseek if we know we don't access f_pos, // but we still want to allow users to call lseek // @ open1 exists @ identifier nested_open; @@ nested_open(...) { <+... nonseekable_open(...) ...+> } @ open exists@ identifier open_f; identifier i, f; identifier open1.nested_open; @@ int open_f(struct inode *i, struct file *f) { <+... ( nonseekable_open(...) | nested_open(...) ) ...+> } @ read disable optional_qualifier exists @ identifier read_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; expression E; identifier func; @@ ssize_t read_f(struct file *f, char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { <+... ( *off = E | *off += E | func(..., off, ...) | E = *off ) ...+> } @ read_no_fpos disable optional_qualifier exists @ identifier read_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; @@ ssize_t read_f(struct file *f, char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { ... when != off } @ write @ identifier write_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; expression E; identifier func; @@ ssize_t write_f(struct file *f, const char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { <+... ( *off = E | *off += E | func(..., off, ...) | E = *off ) ...+> } @ write_no_fpos @ identifier write_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; @@ ssize_t write_f(struct file *f, const char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { ... when != off } @ fops0 @ identifier fops; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... }; @ has_llseek depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier llseek_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .llseek = llseek_f, ... }; @ has_read depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = read_f, ... }; @ has_write depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier write_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, ... }; @ has_open depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier open_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .open = open_f, ... }; // use no_llseek if we call nonseekable_open //////////////////////////////////////////// @ nonseekable1 depends on !has_llseek && has_open @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier nso ~= "nonseekable_open"; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .open = nso, ... +.llseek = no_llseek, /* nonseekable */ }; @ nonseekable2 depends on !has_llseek @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier open.open_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .open = open_f, ... +.llseek = no_llseek, /* open uses nonseekable */ }; // use seq_lseek for sequential files ///////////////////////////////////// @ seq depends on !has_llseek @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier sr ~= "seq_read"; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = sr, ... +.llseek = seq_lseek, /* we have seq_read */ }; // use default_llseek if there is a readdir /////////////////////////////////////////// @ fops1 depends on !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier readdir_e; @@ // any other fop is used that changes pos struct file_operations fops = { ... .readdir = readdir_e, ... +.llseek = default_llseek, /* readdir is present */ }; // use default_llseek if at least one of read/write touches f_pos ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// @ fops2 depends on !fops1 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read.read_f; @@ // read fops use offset struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = read_f, ... +.llseek = default_llseek, /* read accesses f_pos */ }; @ fops3 depends on !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier write.write_f; @@ // write fops use offset struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, ... + .llseek = default_llseek, /* write accesses f_pos */ }; // Use noop_llseek if neither read nor write accesses f_pos /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// @ fops4 depends on !fops1 && !fops2 && !fops3 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read_no_fpos.read_f; identifier write_no_fpos.write_f; @@ // write fops use offset struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, .read = read_f, ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* read and write both use no f_pos */ }; @ depends on has_write && !has_read && !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier write_no_fpos.write_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* write uses no f_pos */ }; @ depends on has_read && !has_write && !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read_no_fpos.read_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = read_f, ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* read uses no f_pos */ }; @ depends on !has_read && !has_write && !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* no read or write fn */ }; ===== End semantic patch ===== Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Julia Lawall <julia@diku.dk> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
2010-08-20kfifo: add explicit error checking in all the examplesAndrea Righi4-51/+144
Provide a check in all the kfifo examples to validate the correct execution of each testcase. Signed-off-by: Andrea Righi <arighi@develer.com> Acked-by: Stefani Seibold <stefani@seibold.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-20kfifo: fix a memory leak in dma exampleAndrea Righi1-3/+1
We use a dynamically allocated kfifo in the dma example, so we need to free it when unloading the module. Signed-off-by: Andrea Righi <arighi@develer.com> Acked-by: Stefani Seibold <stefani@seibold.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-20kfifo: fix kernel BUG in dma exampleAndrea Righi1-0/+1
The scatterlist is used uninitialized in kfifo_dma_in_prepare(). This triggers the following bug if CONFIG_DEBUG_SG=y: ------------[ cut here ]------------ kernel BUG at include/linux/scatterlist.h:65! invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] PREEMPT SMP ... Call Trace: [<ffffffff810a1eab>] setup_sgl+0x6b/0xe0 [<ffffffffa03d7000>] ? example_init+0x0/0x265 [dma_example] [<ffffffff810a2021>] __kfifo_dma_in_prepare+0x21/0x30 [<ffffffffa03d7124>] example_init+0x124/0x265 [dma_example] [<ffffffff810f9c55>] ? trace_module_notify+0x25/0x370 [<ffffffff81110c6e>] ? free_pages_prepare+0x11e/0x1e0 [<ffffffff8106f2b1>] ? get_parent_ip+0x11/0x50 [<ffffffff810f9c55>] ? trace_module_notify+0x25/0x370 [<ffffffff810b65fd>] ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0x10 [<ffffffff814beade>] ? mutex_unlock+0xe/0x10 [<ffffffff810f9c71>] ? trace_module_notify+0x41/0x370 [<ffffffff810a77d5>] ? __blocking_notifier_call_chain+0x45/0x80 [<ffffffff81137b7a>] ? vfree+0x2a/0x30 [<ffffffff810a6ac3>] ? up_read+0x23/0x40 [<ffffffff810a77f5>] ? __blocking_notifier_call_chain+0x65/0x80 [<ffffffff810001e3>] do_one_initcall+0x43/0x180 [<ffffffff810c577a>] sys_init_module+0xba/0x200 [<ffffffff8103819b>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b RIP [<ffffffff810a1e31>] setup_sgl_buf+0x1a1/0x1b0 RSP <ffff88006720dc98> ---[ end trace a72b979fd3c1d3a5 ]--- Add the proper initialization to avoid the bug. Signed-off-by: Andrea Righi <arighi@develer.com> Acked-by: Stefani Seibold <stefani@seibold.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-20kfifo: add explicit error checking in byte stream exampleAndrea Righi1-6/+27
Provide a static array of expected items that kfifo should contain at the end of the test to validate it. Signed-off-by: Andrea Righi <arighi@develer.com> Cc: Stefani Seibold <stefani@seibold.net> Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-20kfifo: add kfifo_skip() testcaseAndrea Righi1-0/+4
Add a testcase for kfifo_skip() to the byte stream fifo example. Signed-off-by: Andrea Righi <arighi@develer.com> Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com> Acked-by: Stefani Seibold <stefani@seibold.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-11kfifo: add example files to the kernel sample directoryStefani Seibold7-1/+614
Add four examples to the kernel sample directory. It shows how to handle: - a byte stream fifo - a integer type fifo - a dynamic record sized fifo - the fifo DMA functions [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Stefani Seibold <stefani@seibold.net> Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-05SAMPLES: kprobe_example: Make it print something on MIPS.David Daney1-0/+9
This KProbes example is a little useless if it doesn't print anything. For MIPS print similar messages to those produced on x86 and PPC. Signed-off-by: David Daney <ddaney@caviumnetworks.com> To: linux-mips@linux-mips.org To: ananth@in.ibm.com To: anil.s.keshavamurthy@intel.com To: davem@davemloft.net To: masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org Cc: hschauhan@nulltrace.org Patchwork: https://patchwork.linux-mips.org/patch/1528/ Signed-off-by: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
2010-05-14tracing: Let tracepoints have data passed to tracepoint callbacksSteven Rostedt3-12/+12
This patch adds data to be passed to tracepoint callbacks. The created functions from DECLARE_TRACE() now need a mandatory data parameter. For example: DECLARE_TRACE(mytracepoint, int value, value) Will create the register function: int register_trace_mytracepoint((void(*)(void *data, int value))probe, void *data); As the first argument, all callbacks (probes) must take a (void *data) parameter. So a callback for the above tracepoint will look like: void myprobe(void *data, int value) { } The callback may choose to ignore the data parameter. This change allows callbacks to register a private data pointer along with the function probe. void mycallback(void *data, int value); register_trace_mytracepoint(mycallback, mydata); Then the mycallback() will receive the "mydata" as the first parameter before the args. A more detailed example: DECLARE_TRACE(mytracepoint, TP_PROTO(int status), TP_ARGS(status)); /* In the C file */ DEFINE_TRACE(mytracepoint, TP_PROTO(int status), TP_ARGS(status)); [...] trace_mytracepoint(status); /* In a file registering this tracepoint */ int my_callback(void *data, int status) { struct my_struct my_data = data; [...] } [...] my_data = kmalloc(sizeof(*my_data), GFP_KERNEL); init_my_data(my_data); register_trace_mytracepoint(my_callback, my_data); The same callback can also be registered to the same tracepoint as long as the data registered is different. Note, the data must also be used to unregister the callback: unregister_trace_mytracepoint(my_callback, my_data); Because of the data parameter, tracepoints declared this way can not have no args. That is: DECLARE_TRACE(mytracepoint, TP_PROTO(void), TP_ARGS()); will cause an error. If no arguments are needed, a new macro can be used instead: DECLARE_TRACE_NOARGS(mytracepoint); Since there are no arguments, the proto and args fields are left out. This is part of a series to make the tracepoint footprint smaller: text data bss dec hex filename 4913961 1088356 861512 6863829 68bbd5 vmlinux.orig 4914025 1088868 861512 6864405 68be15 vmlinux.class 4918492 1084612 861512 6864616 68bee8 vmlinux.tracepoint Again, this patch also increases the size of the kernel, but lays the ground work for decreasing it. v5: Fixed net/core/drop_monitor.c to handle these updates. v4: Moved the DECLARE_TRACE() DECLARE_TRACE_NOARGS out of the #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_POINTS, since the two are the same in both cases. The __DECLARE_TRACE() is what changes. Thanks to Frederic Weisbecker for pointing this out. v3: Made all register_* functions require data to be passed and all callbacks to take a void * parameter as its first argument. This makes the calling functions comply with C standards. Also added more comments to the modifications of DECLARE_TRACE(). v2: Made the DECLARE_TRACE() have the ability to pass arguments and added a new DECLARE_TRACE_NOARGS() for tracepoints that do not need any arguments. Acked-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Acked-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com> Acked-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Neil Horman <nhorman@tuxdriver.com> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2010-03-30include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.hTejun Heo1-0/+1
percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being included when building most .c files. percpu.h includes slab.h which in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies. percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed. Prepare for this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those headers directly instead of assuming availability. As this conversion needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is used as the basis of conversion. http://userweb.kernel.org/~tj/misc/slabh-sweep.py The script does the followings. * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that only the necessary includes are there. ie. if only gfp is used, gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h. * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms to its surrounding. It's put in the include block which contains core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered - alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there doesn't seem to be any matching order. * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the file. The conversion was done in the following steps. 1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h and ~3000 slab.h inclusions. The script emitted errors for ~400 files. 2. Each error was manually checked. Some didn't need the inclusion, some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or embedding .c file was more appropriate for others. This step added inclusions to around 150 files. 3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits from #2 to make sure no file was left behind. 4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed. e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually. 5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell. Most gfp.h inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros. Each slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as necessary. 6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h. 7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures were fixed. CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq). * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config. * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig * ia64 SMP allmodconfig * s390 SMP allmodconfig * alpha SMP allmodconfig * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig 8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as a separate patch and serve as bisection point. Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step 6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch. If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of the specific arch. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Guess-its-ok-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
2010-03-07Driver core: Constify struct sysfs_ops in struct kobj_typeEmese Revfy1-1/+1
Constify struct sysfs_ops. This is part of the ops structure constification effort started by Arjan van de Ven et al. Benefits of this constification: * prevents modification of data that is shared (referenced) by many other structure instances at runtime * detects/prevents accidental (but not intentional) modification attempts on archs that enforce read-only kernel data at runtime * potentially better optimized code as the compiler can assume that the const data cannot be changed * the compiler/linker move const data into .rodata and therefore exclude them from false sharing Signed-off-by: Emese Revfy <re.emese@gmail.com> Acked-by: David Teigland <teigland@redhat.com> Acked-by: Matt Domsch <Matt_Domsch@dell.com> Acked-by: Maciej Sosnowski <maciej.sosnowski@intel.com> Acked-by: Hans J. Koch <hjk@linutronix.de> Acked-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi> Acked-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com> Acked-by: Stephen Hemminger <shemminger@vyatta.com> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
2010-03-07kset-example: Spelling fixes.Radu Voicilas1-2/+2
No change in functionality. Signed-off-by: Radu Voicilas <rvoicilas@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
2010-03-07kobject-example: Spelling fixes.Radu Voicilas1-2/+2
No change in functionality. Signed-off-by: Radu Voicilas <rvoicilas@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
2010-02-27percpu: Add __percpu sparse annotations to hw_breakpointTejun Heo1-3/+3
Add __percpu sparse annotations to hw_breakpoint. These annotations are to make sparse consider percpu variables to be in a different address space and warn if accessed without going through percpu accessors. This patch doesn't affect normal builds. In kernel/hw_breakpoint.c, per_cpu(nr_task_bp_pinned, cpu)'s will trigger spurious noderef related warnings from sparse. Changing it to &per_cpu(nr_task_bp_pinned[0], cpu) will work around the problem but deemed to ugly by the maintainer. Leave it alone until better solution can be found. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Cc: K.Prasad <prasad@linux.vnet.ibm.com> LKML-Reference: <4B7B4B7A.9050902@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
2009-12-06hw-breakpoints: Use overflow handler instead of the event callbackFrederic Weisbecker1-2/+5
struct perf_event::event callback was called when a breakpoint triggers. But this is a rather opaque callback, pretty tied-only to the breakpoint API and not really integrated into perf as it triggers even when we don't overflow. We prefer to use overflow_handler() as it fits into the perf events rules, being called only when we overflow. Reported-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com> Cc: "K. Prasad" <prasad@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2009-11-27hw-breakpoints: Use struct perf_event_attr to define kernel breakpointsFrederic Weisbecker1-5/+5
Kernel breakpoints are created using functions in which we pass breakpoint parameters as individual variables: address, length and type. Although it fits well for x86, this just does not scale across architectures that may support this api later as these may have more or different needs. Pass in a perf_event_attr structure instead because it is meant to evolve as much as possible into a generic hardware breakpoint parameter structure. Reported-by: K.Prasad <prasad@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> LKML-Reference: <1259294154-5197-2-git-send-regression-fweisbec@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-11-26hw-breakpoints: Simplify error handling in breakpoint creation requestsFrederic Weisbecker1-3/+0
This simplifies the error handling when we create a breakpoint. We don't need to check the NULL return value corner case anymore since we have improved perf_event_create_kernel_counter() to always return an error code in the failure case. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Prasad <prasad@linux.vnet.ibm.com> LKML-Reference: <1259210142-5714-3-git-send-regression-fweisbec@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-11-23hw-breakpoint: Attribute authorship of hw-breakpoint related filesK.Prasad1-0/+2
Attribute authorship to developers of hw-breakpoint related files. Signed-off-by: K.Prasad <prasad@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> LKML-Reference: <20091123154713.GA5593@in.ibm.com> [ v2: moved it to latest -tip ] Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-11-10hw-breakpoints: Fix broken hw-breakpoint sample moduleFrederic Weisbecker1-19/+24
The hw-breakpoint sample module has been broken during the hw-breakpoint internals refactoring. Propagate the changes to it. Reported-by: "K. Prasad" <prasad@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
2009-11-09Kconfig: Remove useless and sometimes wrong commentsMichael Roth1-3/+0
Additionally, some excessive newlines removed. Signed-off-by: Michael Roth <mroth@nessie.de> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2009-10-01const: constify remaining file_operationsAlexey Dobriyan1-1/+1
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix KVM] Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Acked-by: Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-09-18tracing: Remove markersChristoph Hellwig5-156/+1
Now that the last users of markers have migrated to the event tracer we can kill off the (now orphan) support code. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Acked-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> LKML-Reference: <20090917173527.GA1699@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-09-15debugfs: Change debuhgfs directory of trace-events-sample.hGeunSik Lim1-1/+1
Default directory of debug filesystem for ftrace is /sys/kernel/debug/. Signed-off-by: GeunSik Lim <geunsik.lim@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
2009-08-16sparc64: cheaper asm/uaccess.h inclusionAlexey Dobriyan1-0/+1
sched.h inclusion is definitely not needed like in 32-bit version, remove it, fixup compilation. Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2009-07-13tracing/events: Move TRACE_SYSTEM outside of include guardLi Zefan1-17/+20
If TRACE_INCLDUE_FILE is defined, <trace/events/TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE.h> will be included and compiled, otherwise it will be <trace/events/TRACE_SYSTEM.h> So TRACE_SYSTEM should be defined outside of #if proctection, just like TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE. Imaging this scenario: #include <trace/events/foo.h> -> TRACE_SYSTEM == foo ... #include <trace/events/bar.h> -> TRACE_SYSTEM == bar ... #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/foo.h> -> TRACE_SYSTEM == bar !!! and then bar.h will be included and compiled. Signed-off-by: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> LKML-Reference: <4A5A9CF1.2010007@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-06-16tracing: update sample event documentationSteven Rostedt2-11/+24
The comments in the sample code is a bit confusing. This patch cleans them up a little. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2009-06-15firmware: remove broken example filesGreg Kroah-Hartman2-325/+0
The firmware example files are beyond broken, and will not work, and should not be used as an example at all. So lets remove them and hope someone writes new files sometime in the future. Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
2009-06-15kobject: samples: make SAMPLE_KOBJECT module-onlyMichal Marek1-1/+2
With SAMPLE_KOBJECT=y, it isn't even linked into the kernel image. Signed-off-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
2009-06-02hw-breakpoints: sample HW breakpoint over kernel data addressK.Prasad4-1/+92
This patch introduces a sample kernel module to demonstrate the use of Hardware Breakpoint feature. It places a breakpoint over the kernel variable 'pid_max' to monitor all write operations and emits a function-backtrace when done. Signed-off-by: K.Prasad <prasad@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
2009-05-06tracing: update sample with TRACE_INCLUDE_FILESteven Rostedt1-1/+6
When creating trace events for ftrace, the header file with the TRACE_EVENT macros must also have a macro called TRACE_SYSTEM. This macro describes the name of the system the TRACE_EVENTS are defined for. It also doubles as a way for the define_trace.h file to include the file that included it. For example: in irq.h #define TRACE_SYSTEM irq [...] #include <trace/define_trace.h> The define_trace will use TRACE_SYSTEM to include irq.h. But if the name of the trace system does not match the name of the trace header file, one can override it with: Which will change define_trace.h to inclued foo_trace.h instead of foo.h The sample comments this, but people that use the sample code will more likely use the code and not read the comments. This patch changes the sample code to use the TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE to better show developers how to use it. [ Impact: make sample less confusing to developers ] Reported-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2009-05-06tracing: small trave_events sample Makefile cleanupChristoph Hellwig1-3/+1
Use -I$(src) to add the current directory the include path. [ Impact: cleanup ] Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Acked-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> LKML-Reference: <new-submission> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-05-06tracing/events: make SAMPLE_TRACE_EVENTS default to nLi Zefan1-3/+2
Normally a config should be default to n. This patch also makes the sample module-only, like SAMPLE_MARKERS and SAMPLE_TRACEPOINTS. [ Impact: don't build trace event sample by default ] Signed-off-by: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Acked-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> LKML-Reference: <4A00F6C0.8090803@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-05-06tracing/events: don't say hi when loading the trace event sampleLi Zefan1-4/+0
The sample is useful for testing, and I'm using it. But after loading the module, it keeps saying hi every 10 seconds, this may be disturbing. Also Steven said commenting out the "hi" helped in causing races. :) [ Impact: make testing a bit easier ] Signed-off-by: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Acked-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> LKML-Reference: <4A00F6AD.2070008@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-04-14tracing/events: add trace-events-sampleSteven Rostedt5-1/+196
This patch adds a sample to the samples directory on how to create and use TRACE_EVENT trace points. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2009-03-24tracing: Documentation / sample code fixes for tracepointsJody McIntyre1-12/+12
Fix the tracepoint documentation to refer to "tracepoint-sample" instead of "tracepoint-example" to match what actually exists; fix the directory, and clarify how to compile. Change every instance of "example" in the sample tracepoint code to "sample" for consistency. Signed-off-by: Jody McIntyre <scjody@sun.com> Acked-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Cc: torvalds@linux-foundation.org LKML-Reference: <20090324200027.GH8294@clouds> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-03-10tracing: replace TP<var> with TP_<var>Steven Rostedt1-4/+4
Impact: clean up The macros TPPROTO, TPARGS, TPFMT, TPRAWFMT, and TPCMD all look a bit ugly. This patch adds an underscore to their names. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
2009-01-06samples: mark {static|__init|__exit} for {init|exit} functionsQinghuang Feng7-13/+13
None of these (init|exit) functions is called from other functions which is outside the kernel module mechanism or kernel itself, so mark them as {static|__init|__exit}. Signed-off-by: Qinghuang Feng <qhfeng.kernel@gmail.com> Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Acked-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-11-16tracepoints: add DECLARE_TRACE() and DEFINE_TRACE()Mathieu Desnoyers2-2/+5
Impact: API *CHANGE*. Must update all tracepoint users. Add DEFINE_TRACE() to tracepoints to let them declare the tracepoint structure in a single spot for all the kernel. It helps reducing memory consumption, especially when declaring a lot of tracepoints, e.g. for kmalloc tracing. *API CHANGE WARNING*: now, DECLARE_TRACE() must be used in headers for tracepoint declarations rather than DEFINE_TRACE(). This is the sane way to do it. The name previously used was misleading. Updates scheduler instrumentation to follow this API change. Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-11-16tracepoints: samples, fix teardownMathieu Desnoyers2-0/+2
Impact: fix a bug in sample tracepoints Need a tracepoint_synchronize_unregister() before the end of exit() to make sure every probe callers have exited the non preemptible section and thus are not executing the probe code anymore. Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-10-14markers: probe example, fix teardownMathieu Desnoyers1-0/+1
Need a marker_synchronize_unregister() before the end of exit() to make sure every probe callers have exited the non preemptible section and thus are not executing the probe code anymore. Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-10-14tracing: tracepoints, samplesMathieu Desnoyers7-1/+176
Tracepoint example code under samples/. Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Acked-by: 'Peter Zijlstra' <peterz@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-07-21kobject: should use kobject_put() in kset-exampleLi Zefan1-1/+1
We should call kobject_put() instead of kfree() if kobject_init_and_add() returns an error, shouldn't we? Don't set up a bad example ;) Signed-off-by: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
2008-07-21Firmware: fix typo in example codeGreg Kroah-Hartman1-1/+1
It's not like this stuff even builds right now, but this will make Randy's scripts happy :) Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
2008-04-29samples: use non-racy method for /proc/marker-example creationDenis V. Lunev1-4/+2
Use proc_create() to make sure that ->proc_fops be setup before gluing PDE to main tree. Signed-off-by: Denis V. Lunev <den@openvz.org> Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-19firmware: clean up samples for coding style issuesGreg Kroah-Hartman2-38/+40
This fixes up a number of coding style issues in the firmware sample files. Yeah, it still doesn't build properly yet, that's next... Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Cc: Marcel Holtmann <marcel@holtmann.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
2008-04-19firmware: move firmware_class from Documentation/ to samples/Randy Dunlap2-0/+322
Move the firmware_class sample drivers to samples/ so that they are buildable and can be maintained. Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Acked-by: Marcel Holtmann <marcel@holtmann.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
2008-03-04Kprobes: move kprobe examples to samples/Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli6-1/+282
Move kprobes examples from Documentation/kprobes.txt to under samples/. Patch originally by Randy Dunlap. o Updated the patch to apply on 2.6.25-rc3 o Modified examples code to build on multiple architectures. Currently, the kprobe and jprobe examples code works for x86 and powerpc o Cleaned up unneeded #includes o Cleaned up Kconfig per Sam Ravnborg's suggestions to fix build break on archs that don't have kretprobes o Implemented suggestions by Mathieu Desnoyers on CONFIG_KRETPROBES o Included Andrew Morton's cleanup based on x86-git o Modified kretprobe_example to act as a arch-agnostic module to determine routine execution times: Use 'modprobe kretprobe_example func=<func_name>' to determine execution time of func_name in nanoseconds. Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli <ananth@in.ibm.com> Acked-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-02-13Linux Kernel Markers: support multiple probesMathieu Desnoyers1-16/+9
RCU style multiple probes support for the Linux Kernel Markers. Common case (one probe) is still fast and does not require dynamic allocation or a supplementary pointer dereference on the fast path. - Move preempt disable from the marker site to the callback. Since we now have an internal callback, move the preempt disable/enable to the callback instead of the marker site. Since the callback change is done asynchronously (passing from a handler that supports arguments to a handler that does not setup the arguments is no arguments are passed), we can safely update it even if it is outside the preempt disable section. - Move probe arm to probe connection. Now, a connected probe is automatically armed. Remove MARK_MAX_FORMAT_LEN, unused. This patch modifies the Linux Kernel Markers API : it removes the probe "arm/disarm" and changes the probe function prototype : it now expects a va_list * instead of a "...". If we want to have more than one probe connected to a marker at a given time (LTTng, or blktrace, ssytemtap) then we need this patch. Without it, connecting a second probe handler to a marker will fail. It allow us, for instance, to do interesting combinations : Do standard tracing with LTTng and, eventually, to compute statistics with SystemTAP, or to have a special trigger on an event that would call a systemtap script which would stop flight recorder tracing. Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Cc: Mike Mason <mmlnx@us.ibm.com> Cc: Dipankar Sarma <dipankar@in.ibm.com> Cc: David Smith <dsmith@redhat.com> Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@us.ibm.com> Cc: "Frank Ch. Eigler" <fche@redhat.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-01-24kobject: add sample code for how to use ksets/ktypes/kobjectsGreg Kroah-Hartman2-1/+279
This is a more complex example showing how to create a kset and a ktype and some default attributes for a group of kobjects. Cc: Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
2008-01-24kobject: add sample code for how to use kobjects in a simple manner.Greg Kroah-Hartman4-1/+149
This is a simple kobject module, showing how to use kobj_attributes in basic and more complex ways. Cc: Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>