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2019-07-18kbuild: create *.mod with full directory path and remove MODVERDIRMasahiro Yamada1-2/+2
While descending directories, Kbuild produces objects for modules, but do not link final *.ko files; it is done in the modpost. To keep track of modules, Kbuild creates a *.mod file in $(MODVERDIR) for every module it is building. Some post-processing steps read the necessary information from *.mod files. This avoids descending into directories again. This mechanism was introduced in 2003 or so. Later, commit 551559e13af1 ("kbuild: implement modules.order") added modules.order. So, we can simply read it out to know all the modules with directory paths. This is easier than parsing the first line of *.mod files. $(MODVERDIR) has a flat directory structure, that is, *.mod files are named only with base names. This is based on the assumption that the module name is unique across the tree. This assumption is really fragile. Stephen Rothwell reported a race condition caused by a module name conflict: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/5/13/991 In parallel building, two different threads could write to the same $(MODVERDIR)/*.mod simultaneously. Non-unique module names are the source of all kind of troubles, hence commit 3a48a91901c5 ("kbuild: check uniqueness of module names") introduced a new checker script. However, it is still fragile in the build system point of view because this race happens before scripts/modules-check.sh is invoked. If it happens again, the modpost will emit unclear error messages. To fix this issue completely, create *.mod with full directory path so that two threads never attempt to write to the same file. $(MODVERDIR) is no longer needed. Since modules with directory paths are listed in modules.order, Kbuild is still able to find *.mod files without additional descending. I also killed cmd_secanalysis; scripts/mod/sumversion.c computes MD4 hash for modules with MODULE_VERSION(). When CONFIG_DEBUG_SECTION_MISMATCH=y, it occurs not only in the modpost stage, but also during directory descending, where sumversion.c may parse stale *.mod files. It would emit 'No such file or directory' warning when an object consisting a module is renamed, or when a single-obj module is turned into a multi-obj module or vice versa. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Acked-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@fluxnic.net>
2019-05-30treewide: Replace GPLv2 boilerplate/reference with SPDX - rule 166Thomas Gleixner3-6/+3
Based on 1 normalized pattern(s): licensed under the terms of the gnu gpl license version 2 extracted by the scancode license scanner the SPDX license identifier GPL-2.0-only has been chosen to replace the boilerplate/reference in 62 file(s). Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Allison Randal <allison@lohutok.net> Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Reviewed-by: Richard Fontana <rfontana@redhat.com> Cc: linux-spdx@vger.kernel.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190527070033.929121379@linutronix.de Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2019-05-21treewide: Add SPDX license identifier for more missed filesThomas Gleixner1-0/+1
Add SPDX license identifiers to all files which: - Have no license information of any form - Have MODULE_LICENCE("GPL*") inside which was used in the initial scan/conversion to ignore the file These files fall under the project license, GPL v2 only. The resulting SPDX license identifier is: GPL-2.0-only Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2018-11-06tools cpupower debug: Allow to use outside build flagsJiri Olsa1-2/+2
Adding CFLAGS and LDFLAGS to be used during the build. Cc: Thomas Renninger <trenn@suse.com> Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org> Acked-by: Thomas Renninger <trenn@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Shuah Khan (Samsung OSG) <shuah@kernel.org>
2017-11-02License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no licenseGreg Kroah-Hartman3-0/+3
Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license. By default all files without license information are under the default license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2. Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0' SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text. This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and Philippe Ombredanne. How this work was done: Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of the use cases: - file had no licensing information it it. - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it, - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information, Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords. The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files. The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s) to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was: - Files considered eligible had to be source code files. - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5 lines of source - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5 lines). All documentation files were explicitly excluded. The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license identifiers to apply. - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was considered to have no license information in it, and the top level COPYING file license applied. For non */uapi/* files that summary was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 11139 and resulted in the first patch in this series. If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930 and resulted in the second patch in this series. - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in it (per prior point). Results summary: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------ GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270 GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17 LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15 GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14 ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5 LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4 LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1 and that resulted in the third patch in this series. - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became the concluded license(s). - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a license but the other didn't, or they both detected different licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred. - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics). - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier, the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later in time. In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so they are related. Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks in about 15000 files. In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the correct identifier. Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch version early this week with: - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected license ids and scores - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+ files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the different types of files to be modified. These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to generate the patches. Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2016-12-11make use of make variable CURDIR instead of calling pwdUwe Kleine-König1-2/+1
make already provides the current working directory in a variable, so make use of it instead of forking a shell. Also replace usage of PWD by CURDIR. PWD is provided by most shells, but not all, so this makes the build system more robust. Signed-off-by: Uwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.com>
2015-11-02Creating a common structure initialization pattern for struct optionSriram Raghunathan1-1/+1
This patch tries to creates a common structure initialization within the cpupower tool. Previously the ``struct option`` was initialized using `designated initializer` technique which was not needed. There were conflicting initialization methods seen with bench/main.c & others. Signed-off-by: Sriram Raghunathan <sriram@marirs.net.in> Signed-off-by: Thomas Renninger <trenn@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
2015-07-06x86/asm/tsc: Rename native_read_tsc() to rdtsc()Andy Lutomirski1-2/+2
Now that there is no paravirt TSC, the "native" is inappropriate. The function does RDTSC, so give it the obvious name: rdtsc(). Suggested-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com> Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Huang Rui <ray.huang@amd.com> Cc: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org> Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: kvm ML <kvm@vger.kernel.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/fd43e16281991f096c1e4d21574d9e1402c62d39.1434501121.git.luto@kernel.org [ Ported it to v4.2-rc1. ] Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2015-07-06x86/asm/tsc: Replace rdtscll() with native_read_tsc()Andy Lutomirski1-2/+2
Now that the ->read_tsc() paravirt hook is gone, rdtscll() is just a wrapper around native_read_tsc(). Unwrap it. Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com> Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Huang Rui <ray.huang@amd.com> Cc: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org> Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: kvm ML <kvm@vger.kernel.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/d2449ae62c1b1fb90195bcfb19ef4a35883a04dc.1434501121.git.luto@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2014-05-01cpufreq: Make linux-pm@vger.kernel.org official mailing listViresh Kumar1-1/+1
There has been confusion all the time about which mailing list to follow for cpufreq activities, linux-pm@vger.kernel.org or cpufreq@vger.kernel.org. Since patches sent to cpufreq@vger.kernel.org don't go to Patchwork which is a maintenance workflow problem, make linux-pm@vger.kernel.org the official mailing list for cpufreq stuff and remove all references of cpufreq@vger.kernel.org from kernel source. Later, we can request that the list be dropped entirely. Signed-off-by: Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@linaro.org> [rjw: Changelog] Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
2013-12-07ACPI: Clean up inclusions of ACPI header filesLv Zheng1-4/+1
Replace direct inclusions of <acpi/acpi.h>, <acpi/acpi_bus.h> and <acpi/acpi_drivers.h>, which are incorrect, with <linux/acpi.h> inclusions and remove some inclusions of those files that aren't necessary. First of all, <acpi/acpi.h>, <acpi/acpi_bus.h> and <acpi/acpi_drivers.h> should not be included directly from any files that are built for CONFIG_ACPI unset, because that generally leads to build warnings about undefined symbols in !CONFIG_ACPI builds. For CONFIG_ACPI set, <linux/acpi.h> includes those files and for CONFIG_ACPI unset it provides stub ACPI symbols to be used in that case. Second, there are ordering dependencies between those files that always have to be met. Namely, it is required that <acpi/acpi_bus.h> be included prior to <acpi/acpi_drivers.h> so that the acpi_pci_root declarations the latter depends on are always there. And <acpi/acpi.h> which provides basic ACPICA type declarations should always be included prior to any other ACPI headers in CONFIG_ACPI builds. That also is taken care of including <linux/acpi.h> as appropriate. Signed-off-by: Lv Zheng <lv.zheng@intel.com> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Acked-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com> (drivers/pci stuff) Acked-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> (Xen stuff) Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
2013-03-31treewide: Fix typos in kernel messagesMasanari Iida1-1/+1
Correct spelling typos in various part of printk. Signed-off-by: Masanari Iida <standby24x7@gmail.com> Acked-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2012-11-27cpupower tools: Remove brace expansion from clean targetPalmer Cox1-1/+4
The clean targets from the cpupower tools' Makefiles use brace expansion to remove some generated files. However, the default shells on many systems do not support this feature resulting in some generated files not being removed by clean. Signed-off-by: Palmer Cox <p@lmercox.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Renninger <trenn@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
2012-03-03cpupower tools: add install target to the debug tools' makefilesFranck Bui-Huu2-2/+24
Signed-off-by: Franck Bui-Huu <fbuihuu@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
2012-03-03cpupower tools: allow to build debug tools in a separate directory tooFranck Bui-Huu2-14/+26
Signed-off-by: Franck Bui-Huu <fbuihuu@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
2011-08-15cpupower: avoid using symlinksAmerigo Wang3-6/+4
Reference the source directly, don't create symlinks. Signed-off-by: WANG Cong <amwang@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
2011-07-29cpupowerutils - cpufrequtils extended with quite some featuresDominik Brodowski10-0/+655
CPU power consumption vs performance tuning is no longer limited to CPU frequency switching anymore: deep sleep states, traditional dynamic frequency scaling and hidden turbo/boost frequencies are tied close together and depend on each other. The first two exist on different architectures like PPC, Itanium and ARM, the latter (so far) only on X86. On X86 the APU (CPU+GPU) will only run most efficiently if CPU and GPU has proper power management in place. Users and Developers want to have *one* tool to get an overview what their system supports and to monitor and debug CPU power management in detail. The tool should compile and work on as many architectures as possible. Once this tool stabilizes a bit, it is intended to replace the Intel-specific tools in tools/power/x86 Signed-off-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>