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/* bpf_jit_comp.c : BPF JIT compiler
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2011-2013 Eric Dumazet (eric.dumazet@gmail.com)
 * Internal BPF Copyright (c) 2011-2014 PLUMgrid, http://plumgrid.com
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
 * as published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2
 * of the License.
 */
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/filter.h>
#include <linux/if_vlan.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <linux/bpf.h>

int bpf_jit_enable __read_mostly;

/*
 * assembly code in arch/x86/net/bpf_jit.S
 */
extern u8 sk_load_word[], sk_load_half[], sk_load_byte[];
extern u8 sk_load_word_positive_offset[], sk_load_half_positive_offset[];
extern u8 sk_load_byte_positive_offset[];
extern u8 sk_load_word_negative_offset[], sk_load_half_negative_offset[];
extern u8 sk_load_byte_negative_offset[];

static u8 *emit_code(u8 *ptr, u32 bytes, unsigned int len)
{
	if (len == 1)
		*ptr = bytes;
	else if (len == 2)
		*(u16 *)ptr = bytes;
	else {
		*(u32 *)ptr = bytes;
		barrier();
	}
	return ptr + len;
}

#define EMIT(bytes, len) \
	do { prog = emit_code(prog, bytes, len); cnt += len; } while (0)

#define EMIT1(b1)		EMIT(b1, 1)
#define EMIT2(b1, b2)		EMIT((b1) + ((b2) << 8), 2)
#define EMIT3(b1, b2, b3)	EMIT((b1) + ((b2) << 8) + ((b3) << 16), 3)
#define EMIT4(b1, b2, b3, b4)   EMIT((b1) + ((b2) << 8) + ((b3) << 16) + ((b4) << 24), 4)
#define EMIT1_off32(b1, off) \
	do {EMIT1(b1); EMIT(off, 4); } while (0)
#define EMIT2_off32(b1, b2, off) \
	do {EMIT2(b1, b2); EMIT(off, 4); } while (0)
#define EMIT3_off32(b1, b2, b3, off) \
	do {EMIT3(b1, b2, b3); EMIT(off, 4); } while (0)
#define EMIT4_off32(b1, b2, b3, b4, off) \
	do {EMIT4(b1, b2, b3, b4); EMIT(off, 4); } while (0)

static bool is_imm8(int value)
{
	return value <= 127 && value >= -128;
}

static bool is_simm32(s64 value)
{
	return value == (s64) (s32) value;
}

/* mov dst, src */
#define EMIT_mov(DST, SRC) \
	do {if (DST != SRC) \
		EMIT3(add_2mod(0x48, DST, SRC), 0x89, add_2reg(0xC0, DST, SRC)); \
	} while (0)

static int bpf_size_to_x86_bytes(int bpf_size)
{
	if (bpf_size == BPF_W)
		return 4;
	else if (bpf_size == BPF_H)
		return 2;
	else if (bpf_size == BPF_B)
		return 1;
	else if (bpf_size == BPF_DW)
		return 4; /* imm32 */
	else
		return 0;
}

/* list of x86 cond jumps opcodes (. + s8)
 * Add 0x10 (and an extra 0x0f) to generate far jumps (. + s32)
 */
#define X86_JB  0x72
#define X86_JAE 0x73
#define X86_JE  0x74
#define X86_JNE 0x75
#define X86_JBE 0x76
#define X86_JA  0x77
#define X86_JGE 0x7D
#define X86_JG  0x7F

static void bpf_flush_icache(void *start, void *end)
{
	mm_segment_t old_fs = get_fs();

	set_fs(KERNEL_DS);
	smp_wmb();
	flush_icache_range((unsigned long)start, (unsigned long)end);
	set_fs(old_fs);
}

#define CHOOSE_LOAD_FUNC(K, func) \
	((int)K < 0 ? ((int)K >= SKF_LL_OFF ? func##_negative_offset : func) : func##_positive_offset)

/* pick a register outside of BPF range for JIT internal work */
#define AUX_REG (MAX_BPF_JIT_REG + 1)

/* The following table maps BPF registers to x64 registers.
 *
 * x64 register r12 is unused, since if used as base address
 * register in load/store instructions, it always needs an
 * extra byte of encoding and is callee saved.
 *
 *  r9 caches skb->len - skb->data_len
 * r10 caches skb->data, and used for blinding (if enabled)
 */
static const int reg2hex[] = {
	[BPF_REG_0] = 0,  /* rax */
	[BPF_REG_1] = 7,  /* rdi */
	[BPF_REG_2] = 6,  /* rsi */
	[BPF_REG_3] = 2,  /* rdx */
	[BPF_REG_4] = 1,  /* rcx */
	[BPF_REG_5] = 0,  /* r8 */
	[BPF_REG_6] = 3,  /* rbx callee saved */
	[BPF_REG_7] = 5,  /* r13 callee saved */
	[BPF_REG_8] = 6,  /* r14 callee saved */
	[BPF_REG_9] = 7,  /* r15 callee saved */
	[BPF_REG_FP] = 5, /* rbp readonly */
	[BPF_REG_AX] = 2, /* r10 temp register */
	[AUX_REG] = 3,    /* r11 temp register */
};

/* is_ereg() == true if BPF register 'reg' maps to x64 r8..r15
 * which need extra byte of encoding.
 * rax,rcx,...,rbp have simpler encoding
 */
static bool is_ereg(u32 reg)
{
	return (1 << reg) & (BIT(BPF_REG_5) |
			     BIT(AUX_REG) |
			     BIT(BPF_REG_7) |
			     BIT(BPF_REG_8) |
			     BIT(BPF_REG_9) |
			     BIT(BPF_REG_AX));
}

/* add modifiers if 'reg' maps to x64 registers r8..r15 */
static u8 add_1mod(u8 byte, u32 reg)
{
	if (is_ereg(reg))
		byte |= 1;
	return byte;
}

static u8 add_2mod(u8 byte, u32 r1, u32 r2)
{
	if (is_ereg(r1))
		byte |= 1;
	if (is_ereg(r2))
		byte |= 4;
	return byte;
}

/* encode 'dst_reg' register into x64 opcode 'byte' */
static u8 add_1reg(u8 byte, u32 dst_reg)
{
	return byte + reg2hex[dst_reg];
}

/* encode 'dst_reg' and 'src_reg' registers into x64 opcode 'byte' */
static u8 add_2reg(u8 byte, u32 dst_reg, u32 src_reg)
{
	return byte + reg2hex[dst_reg] + (reg2hex[src_reg] << 3);
}

static void jit_fill_hole(void *area, unsigned int size)
{
	/* fill whole space with int3 instructions */
	memset(area, 0xcc, size);
}

struct jit_context {
	int cleanup_addr; /* epilogue code offset */
	bool seen_ld_abs;
	bool seen_ax_reg;
};

/* maximum number of bytes emitted while JITing one eBPF insn */
#define BPF_MAX_INSN_SIZE	128
#define BPF_INSN_SAFETY		64

#define STACKSIZE \
	(MAX_BPF_STACK + \
	 32 /* space for rbx, r13, r14, r15 */ + \
	 8 /* space for skb_copy_bits() buffer */)

#define PROLOGUE_SIZE 48

/* emit x64 prologue code for BPF program and check it's size.
 * bpf_tail_call helper will skip it while jumping into another program
 */
static void emit_prologue(u8 **pprog)
{
	u8 *prog = *pprog;
	int cnt = 0;

	EMIT1(0x55); /* push rbp */
	EMIT3(0x48, 0x89, 0xE5); /* mov rbp,rsp */

	/* sub rsp, STACKSIZE */
	EMIT3_off32(0x48, 0x81, 0xEC, STACKSIZE);

	/* all classic BPF filters use R6(rbx) save it */

	/* mov qword ptr [rbp-X],rbx */
	EMIT3_off32(0x48, 0x89, 0x9D, -STACKSIZE);

	/* bpf_convert_filter() maps classic BPF register X to R7 and uses R8
	 * as temporary, so all tcpdump filters need to spill/fill R7(r13) and
	 * R8(r14). R9(r15) spill could be made conditional, but there is only
	 * one 'bpf_error' return path out of helper functions inside bpf_jit.S
	 * The overhead of extra spill is negligible for any filter other
	 * than synthetic ones. Therefore not worth adding complexity.
	 */

	/* mov qword ptr [rbp-X],r13 */
	EMIT3_off32(0x4C, 0x89, 0xAD, -STACKSIZE + 8);
	/* mov qword ptr [rbp-X],r14 */
	EMIT3_off32(0x4C, 0x89, 0xB5, -STACKSIZE + 16);
	/* mov qword ptr [rbp-X],r15 */
	EMIT3_off32(0x4C, 0x89, 0xBD, -STACKSIZE + 24);

	/* Clear the tail call counter (tail_call_cnt): for eBPF tail calls
	 * we need to reset the counter to 0. It's done in two instructions,
	 * resetting rax register to 0 (xor on eax gets 0 extended), and
	 * moving it to the counter location.
	 */

	/* xor eax, eax */
	EMIT2(0x31, 0xc0);
	/* mov qword ptr [rbp-X], rax */
	EMIT3_off32(0x48, 0x89, 0x85, -STACKSIZE + 32);

	BUILD_BUG_ON(cnt != PROLOGUE_SIZE);
	*pprog = prog;
}

/* generate the following code:
 * ... bpf_tail_call(void *ctx, struct bpf_array *array, u64 index) ...
 *   if (index >= array->map.max_entries)
 *     goto out;
 *   if (++tail_call_cnt > MAX_TAIL_CALL_CNT)
 *     goto out;
 *   prog = array->ptrs[index];
 *   if (prog == NULL)
 *     goto out;
 *   goto *(prog->bpf_func + prologue_size);
 * out:
 */
static void emit_bpf_tail_call(u8 **pprog)
{
	u8 *prog = *pprog;
	int label1, label2, label3;
	int cnt = 0;

	/* rdi - pointer to ctx
	 * rsi - pointer to bpf_array
	 * rdx - index in bpf_array
	 */

	/* if (index >= array->map.max_entries)
	 *   goto out;
	 */
	EMIT4(0x48, 0x8B, 0x46,                   /* mov rax, qword ptr [rsi + 16] */
	      offsetof(struct bpf_array, map.max_entries));
	EMIT3(0x48, 0x39, 0xD0);                  /* cmp rax, rdx */
#define OFFSET1 47 /* number of bytes to jump */
	EMIT2(X86_JBE, OFFSET1);                  /* jbe out */
	label1 = cnt;

	/* if (tail_call_cnt > MAX_TAIL_CALL_CNT)
	 *   goto out;
	 */
	EMIT2_off32(0x8B, 0x85, -STACKSIZE + 36); /* mov eax, dword ptr [rbp - 516] */
	EMIT3(0x83, 0xF8, MAX_TAIL_CALL_CNT);     /* cmp eax, MAX_TAIL_CALL_CNT */
#define OFFSET2 36
	EMIT2(X86_JA, OFFSET2);                   /* ja out */
	label2 = cnt;
	EMIT3(0x83, 0xC0, 0x01);                  /* add eax, 1 */
	EMIT2_off32(0x89, 0x85, -STACKSIZE + 36); /* mov dword ptr [rbp - 516], eax */

	/* prog = array->ptrs[index]; */
	EMIT4_off32(0x48, 0x8D, 0x84, 0xD6,       /* lea rax, [rsi + rdx * 8 + offsetof(...)] */
		    offsetof(struct bpf_array, ptrs));
	EMIT3(0x48, 0x8B, 0x00);                  /* mov rax, qword ptr [rax] */

	/* if (prog == NULL)
	 *   goto out;
	 */
	EMIT4(0x48, 0x83, 0xF8, 0x00);            /* cmp rax, 0 */
#define OFFSET3 10
	EMIT2(X86_JE, OFFSET3);                   /* je out */
	label3 = cnt;

	/* goto *(prog->bpf_func + prologue_size); */
	EMIT4(0x48, 0x8B, 0x40,                   /* mov rax, qword ptr [rax + 32] */
	      offsetof(struct bpf_prog, bpf_func));
	EMIT4(0x48, 0x83, 0xC0, PROLOGUE_SIZE);   /* add rax, prologue_size */

	/* now we're ready to jump into next BPF program
	 * rdi == ctx (1st arg)
	 * rax == prog->bpf_func + prologue_size
	 */
	EMIT2(0xFF, 0xE0);                        /* jmp rax */

	/* out: */
	BUILD_BUG_ON(cnt - label1 != OFFSET1);
	BUILD_BUG_ON(cnt - label2 != OFFSET2);
	BUILD_BUG_ON(cnt - label3 != OFFSET3);
	*pprog = prog;
}


static void emit_load_skb_data_hlen(u8 **pprog)
{
	u8 *prog = *pprog;
	int cnt = 0;

	/* r9d = skb->len - skb->data_len (headlen)
	 * r10 = skb->data
	 */
	/* mov %r9d, off32(%rdi) */
	EMIT3_off32(0x44, 0x8b, 0x8f, offsetof(struct sk_buff, len));

	/* sub %r9d, off32(%rdi) */
	EMIT3_off32(0x44, 0x2b, 0x8f, offsetof(struct sk_buff, data_len));

	/* mov %r10, off32(%rdi) */
	EMIT3_off32(0x4c, 0x8b, 0x97, offsetof(struct sk_buff, data));
	*pprog = prog;
}

static int do_jit(struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog, int *addrs, u8 *image,
		  int oldproglen, struct jit_context *ctx)
{
	struct bpf_insn *insn = bpf_prog->insnsi;
	int insn_cnt = bpf_prog->len;
	bool seen_ld_abs = ctx->seen_ld_abs | (oldproglen == 0);
	bool seen_ax_reg = ctx->seen_ax_reg | (oldproglen == 0);
	bool seen_exit = false;
	u8 temp[BPF_MAX_INSN_SIZE + BPF_INSN_SAFETY];
	int i, cnt = 0;
	int proglen = 0;
	u8 *prog = temp;

	emit_prologue(&prog);

	if (seen_ld_abs)
		emit_load_skb_data_hlen(&prog);

	for (i = 0; i < insn_cnt; i++, insn++) {
		const s32 imm32 = insn->imm;
		u32 dst_reg = insn->dst_reg;
		u32 src_reg = insn->src_reg;
		u8 b1 = 0, b2 = 0, b3 = 0;
		s64 jmp_offset;
		u8 jmp_cond;
		bool reload_skb_data;
		int ilen;
		u8 *func;

		if (dst_reg == BPF_REG_AX || src_reg == BPF_REG_AX)
			ctx->seen_ax_reg = seen_ax_reg = true;

		switch (insn->code) {
			/* ALU */
		case BPF_ALU | BPF_ADD | BPF_X:
		case BPF_ALU | BPF_SUB | BPF_X:
		case BPF_ALU | BPF_AND | BPF_X:
		case BPF_ALU | BPF_OR | BPF_X:
		case BPF_ALU | BPF_XOR | BPF_X:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_ADD | BPF_X:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_SUB | BPF_X:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_AND | BPF_X:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_OR | BPF_X:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_XOR | BPF_X:
			switch (BPF_OP(insn->code)) {
			case BPF_ADD: b2 = 0x01; break;
			case BPF_SUB: b2 = 0x29; break;
			case BPF_AND: b2 = 0x21; break;
			case BPF_OR: b2 = 0x09; break;
			case BPF_XOR: b2 = 0x31; break;
			}
			if (BPF_CLASS(insn->code) == BPF_ALU64)
				EMIT1(add_2mod(0x48, dst_reg, src_reg));
			else if (is_ereg(dst_reg) || is_ereg(src_reg))
				EMIT1(add_2mod(0x40, dst_reg, src_reg));
			EMIT2(b2, add_2reg(0xC0, dst_reg, src_reg));
			break;

			/* mov dst, src */
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_MOV | BPF_X:
			EMIT_mov(dst_reg, src_reg);
			break;

			/* mov32 dst, src */
		case BPF_ALU | BPF_MOV | BPF_X:
			if (is_ereg(dst_reg) || is_ereg(src_reg))
				EMIT1(add_2mod(0x40, dst_reg, src_reg));
			EMIT2(0x89, add_2reg(0xC0, dst_reg, src_reg));
			break;

			/* neg dst */
		case BPF_ALU | BPF_NEG:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_NEG:
			if (BPF_CLASS(insn->code) == BPF_ALU64)
				EMIT1(add_1mod(0x48, dst_reg));
			else if (is_ereg(dst_reg))
				EMIT1(add_1mod(0x40, dst_reg));
			EMIT2(0xF7, add_1reg(0xD8, dst_reg));
			break;

		case BPF_ALU | BPF_ADD | BPF_K:
		case BPF_ALU | BPF_SUB | BPF_K:
		case BPF_ALU | BPF_AND | BPF_K:
		case BPF_ALU | BPF_OR | BPF_K:
		case BPF_ALU | BPF_XOR | BPF_K:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_ADD | BPF_K:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_SUB | BPF_K:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_AND | BPF_K:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_OR | BPF_K:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_XOR | BPF_K:
			if (BPF_CLASS(insn->code) == BPF_ALU64)
				EMIT1(add_1mod(0x48, dst_reg));
			else if (is_ereg(dst_reg))
				EMIT1(add_1mod(0x40, dst_reg));

			switch (BPF_OP(insn->code)) {
			case BPF_ADD: b3 = 0xC0; break;
			case BPF_SUB: b3 = 0xE8; break;
			case BPF_AND: b3 = 0xE0; break;
			case BPF_OR: b3 = 0xC8; break;
			case BPF_XOR: b3 = 0xF0; break;
			}

			if (is_imm8(imm32))
				EMIT3(0x83, add_1reg(b3, dst_reg), imm32);
			else
				EMIT2_off32(0x81, add_1reg(b3, dst_reg), imm32);
			break;

		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_MOV | BPF_K:
			/* optimization: if imm32 is positive,
			 * use 'mov eax, imm32' (which zero-extends imm32)
			 * to save 2 bytes
			 */
			if (imm32 < 0) {
				/* 'mov rax, imm32' sign extends imm32 */
				b1 = add_1mod(0x48, dst_reg);
				b2 = 0xC7;
				b3 = 0xC0;
				EMIT3_off32(b1, b2, add_1reg(b3, dst_reg), imm32);
				break;
			}

		case BPF_ALU | BPF_MOV | BPF_K:
			/* optimization: if imm32 is zero, use 'xor <dst>,<dst>'
			 * to save 3 bytes.
			 */
			if (imm32 == 0) {
				if (is_ereg(dst_reg))
					EMIT1(add_2mod(0x40, dst_reg, dst_reg));
				b2 = 0x31; /* xor */
				b3 = 0xC0;
				EMIT2(b2, add_2reg(b3, dst_reg, dst_reg));
				break;
			}

			/* mov %eax, imm32 */
			if (is_ereg(dst_reg))
				EMIT1(add_1mod(0x40, dst_reg));
			EMIT1_off32(add_1reg(0xB8, dst_reg), imm32);
			break;

		case BPF_LD | BPF_IMM | BPF_DW:
			if (insn[1].code != 0 || insn[1].src_reg != 0 ||
			    insn[1].dst_reg != 0 || insn[1].off != 0) {
				/* verifier must catch invalid insns */
				pr_err("invalid BPF_LD_IMM64 insn\n");
				return -EINVAL;
			}

			/* optimization: if imm64 is zero, use 'xor <dst>,<dst>'
			 * to save 7 bytes.
			 */
			if (insn[0].imm == 0 && insn[1].imm == 0) {
				b1 = add_2mod(0x48, dst_reg, dst_reg);
				b2 = 0x31; /* xor */
				b3 = 0xC0;
				EMIT3(b1, b2, add_2reg(b3, dst_reg, dst_reg));

				insn++;
				i++;
				break;
			}

			/* movabsq %rax, imm64 */
			EMIT2(add_1mod(0x48, dst_reg), add_1reg(0xB8, dst_reg));
			EMIT(insn[0].imm, 4);
			EMIT(insn[1].imm, 4);

			insn++;
			i++;
			break;

			/* dst %= src, dst /= src, dst %= imm32, dst /= imm32 */
		case BPF_ALU | BPF_MOD | BPF_X:
		case BPF_ALU | BPF_DIV | BPF_X:
		case BPF_ALU | BPF_MOD | BPF_K:
		case BPF_ALU | BPF_DIV | BPF_K:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_MOD | BPF_X:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_DIV | BPF_X:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_MOD | BPF_K:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_DIV | BPF_K:
			EMIT1(0x50); /* push rax */
			EMIT1(0x52); /* push rdx */

			if (BPF_SRC(insn->code) == BPF_X)
				/* mov r11, src_reg */
				EMIT_mov(AUX_REG, src_reg);
			else
				/* mov r11, imm32 */
				EMIT3_off32(0x49, 0xC7, 0xC3, imm32);

			/* mov rax, dst_reg */
			EMIT_mov(BPF_REG_0, dst_reg);

			/* xor edx, edx
			 * equivalent to 'xor rdx, rdx', but one byte less
			 */
			EMIT2(0x31, 0xd2);

			if (BPF_SRC(insn->code) == BPF_X) {
				/* if (src_reg == 0) return 0 */

				/* cmp r11, 0 */
				EMIT4(0x49, 0x83, 0xFB, 0x00);

				/* jne .+9 (skip over pop, pop, xor and jmp) */
				EMIT2(X86_JNE, 1 + 1 + 2 + 5);
				EMIT1(0x5A); /* pop rdx */
				EMIT1(0x58); /* pop rax */
				EMIT2(0x31, 0xc0); /* xor eax, eax */

				/* jmp cleanup_addr
				 * addrs[i] - 11, because there are 11 bytes
				 * after this insn: div, mov, pop, pop, mov
				 */
				jmp_offset = ctx->cleanup_addr - (addrs[i] - 11);
				EMIT1_off32(0xE9, jmp_offset);
			}

			if (BPF_CLASS(insn->code) == BPF_ALU64)
				/* div r11 */
				EMIT3(0x49, 0xF7, 0xF3);
			else
				/* div r11d */
				EMIT3(0x41, 0xF7, 0xF3);

			if (BPF_OP(insn->code) == BPF_MOD)
				/* mov r11, rdx */
				EMIT3(0x49, 0x89, 0xD3);
			else
				/* mov r11, rax */
				EMIT3(0x49, 0x89, 0xC3);

			EMIT1(0x5A); /* pop rdx */
			EMIT1(0x58); /* pop rax */

			/* mov dst_reg, r11 */
			EMIT_mov(dst_reg, AUX_REG);
			break;

		case BPF_ALU | BPF_MUL | BPF_K:
		case BPF_ALU | BPF_MUL | BPF_X:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_MUL | BPF_K:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_MUL | BPF_X:
			EMIT1(0x50); /* push rax */
			EMIT1(0x52); /* push rdx */

			/* mov r11, dst_reg */
			EMIT_mov(AUX_REG, dst_reg);

			if (BPF_SRC(insn->code) == BPF_X)
				/* mov rax, src_reg */
				EMIT_mov(BPF_REG_0, src_reg);
			else
				/* mov rax, imm32 */
				EMIT3_off32(0x48, 0xC7, 0xC0, imm32);

			if (BPF_CLASS(insn->code) == BPF_ALU64)
				EMIT1(add_1mod(0x48, AUX_REG));
			else if (is_ereg(AUX_REG))
				EMIT1(add_1mod(0x40, AUX_REG));
			/* mul(q) r11 */
			EMIT2(0xF7, add_1reg(0xE0, AUX_REG));

			/* mov r11, rax */
			EMIT_mov(AUX_REG, BPF_REG_0);

			EMIT1(0x5A); /* pop rdx */
			EMIT1(0x58); /* pop rax */

			/* mov dst_reg, r11 */
			EMIT_mov(dst_reg, AUX_REG);
			break;

			/* shifts */
		case BPF_ALU | BPF_LSH | BPF_K:
		case BPF_ALU | BPF_RSH | BPF_K:
		case BPF_ALU | BPF_ARSH | BPF_K:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_LSH | BPF_K:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_RSH | BPF_K:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_ARSH | BPF_K:
			if (BPF_CLASS(insn->code) == BPF_ALU64)
				EMIT1(add_1mod(0x48, dst_reg));
			else if (is_ereg(dst_reg))
				EMIT1(add_1mod(0x40, dst_reg));

			switch (BPF_OP(insn->code)) {
			case BPF_LSH: b3 = 0xE0; break;
			case BPF_RSH: b3 = 0xE8; break;
			case BPF_ARSH: b3 = 0xF8; break;
			}
			EMIT3(0xC1, add_1reg(b3, dst_reg), imm32);
			break;

		case BPF_ALU | BPF_LSH | BPF_X:
		case BPF_ALU | BPF_RSH | BPF_X:
		case BPF_ALU | BPF_ARSH | BPF_X:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_LSH | BPF_X:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_RSH | BPF_X:
		case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_ARSH | BPF_X:

			/* check for bad case when dst_reg == rcx */
			if (dst_reg == BPF_REG_4) {
				/* mov r11, dst_reg */
				EMIT_mov(AUX_REG, dst_reg);
				dst_reg = AUX_REG;
			}

			if (src_reg != BPF_REG_4) { /* common case */
				EMIT1(0x51); /* push rcx */

				/* mov rcx, src_reg */
				EMIT_mov(BPF_REG_4, src_reg);
			}

			/* shl %rax, %cl | shr %rax, %cl | sar %rax, %cl */
			if (BPF_CLASS(insn->code) == BPF_ALU64)
				EMIT1(add_1mod(0x48, dst_reg));
			else if (is_ereg(dst_reg))
				EMIT1(add_1mod(0x40, dst_reg));

			switch (BPF_OP(insn->code)) {
			case BPF_LSH: b3 = 0xE0; break;
			case BPF_RSH: b3 = 0xE8; break;
			case BPF_ARSH: b3 = 0xF8; break;
			}
			EMIT2(0xD3, add_1reg(b3, dst_reg));

			if (src_reg != BPF_REG_4)
				EMIT1(0x59); /* pop rcx */

			if (insn->dst_reg == BPF_REG_4)
				/* mov dst_reg, r11 */
				EMIT_mov(insn->dst_reg, AUX_REG);
			break;

		case BPF_ALU | BPF_END | BPF_FROM_BE:
			switch (imm32) {
			case 16:
				/* emit 'ror %ax, 8' to swap lower 2 bytes */
				EMIT1(0x66);
				if (is_ereg(dst_reg))
					EMIT1(0x41);
				EMIT3(0xC1, add_1reg(0xC8, dst_reg), 8);

				/* emit 'movzwl eax, ax' */
				if (is_ereg(dst_reg))
					EMIT3(0x45, 0x0F, 0xB7);
				else
					EMIT2(0x0F, 0xB7);
				EMIT1(add_2reg(0xC0, dst_reg, dst_reg));
				break;
			case 32:
				/* emit 'bswap eax' to swap lower 4 bytes */
				if (is_ereg(dst_reg))
					EMIT2(0x41, 0x0F);
				else
					EMIT1(0x0F);
				EMIT1(add_1reg(0xC8, dst_reg));
				break;
			case 64:
				/* emit 'bswap rax' to swap 8 bytes */
				EMIT3(add_1mod(0x48, dst_reg), 0x0F,
				      add_1reg(0xC8, dst_reg));
				break;
			}
			break;

		case BPF_ALU | BPF_END | BPF_FROM_LE:
			switch (imm32) {
			case 16:
				/* emit 'movzwl eax, ax' to zero extend 16-bit
				 * into 64 bit
				 */
				if (is_ereg(dst_reg))
					EMIT3(0x45, 0x0F, 0xB7);
				else
					EMIT2(0x0F, 0xB7);
				EMIT1(add_2reg(0xC0, dst_reg, dst_reg));
				break;
			case 32:
				/* emit 'mov eax, eax' to clear upper 32-bits */
				if (is_ereg(dst_reg))
					EMIT1(0x45);
				EMIT2(0x89, add_2reg(0xC0, dst_reg, dst_reg));
				break;
			case 64:
				/* nop */
				break;
			}
			break;

			/* ST: *(u8*)(dst_reg + off) = imm */
		case BPF_ST | BPF_MEM | BPF_B:
			if (is_ereg(dst_reg))
				EMIT2(0x41, 0xC6);
			else
				EMIT1(0xC6);
			goto st;
		case BPF_ST | BPF_MEM | BPF_H:
			if (is_ereg(dst_reg))
				EMIT3(0x66, 0x41, 0xC7);
			else
				EMIT2(0x66, 0xC7);
			goto st;
		case BPF_ST | BPF_MEM | BPF_W:
			if (is_ereg(dst_reg))
				EMIT2(0x41, 0xC7);
			else
				EMIT1(0xC7);
			goto st;
		case BPF_ST | BPF_MEM | BPF_DW:
			EMIT2(add_1mod(0x48, dst_reg), 0xC7);

st:			if (is_imm8(insn->off))
				EMIT2(add_1reg(0x40, dst_reg), insn->off);
			else
				EMIT1_off32(add_1reg(0x80, dst_reg), insn->off);

			EMIT(imm32, bpf_size_to_x86_bytes(BPF_SIZE(insn->code)));
			break;

			/* STX: *(u8*)(dst_reg + off) = src_reg */
		case BPF_STX | BPF_MEM | BPF_B:
			/* emit 'mov byte ptr [rax + off], al' */
			if (is_ereg(dst_reg) || is_ereg(src_reg) ||
			    /* have to add extra byte for x86 SIL, DIL regs */
			    src_reg == BPF_REG_1 || src_reg == BPF_REG_2)
				EMIT2(add_2mod(0x40, dst_reg, src_reg), 0x88);
			else
				EMIT1(0x88);
			goto stx;
		case BPF_STX | BPF_MEM | BPF_H:
			if (is_ereg(dst_reg) || is_ereg(src_reg))
				EMIT3(0x66, add_2mod(0x40, dst_reg, src_reg), 0x89);
			else
				EMIT2(0x66, 0x89);
			goto stx;
		case BPF_STX | BPF_MEM | BPF_W:
			if (is_ereg(dst_reg) || is_ereg(src_reg))
				EMIT2(add_2mod(0x40, dst_reg, src_reg), 0x89);
			else
				EMIT1(0x89);
			goto stx;
		case BPF_STX | BPF_MEM | BPF_DW:
			EMIT2(add_2mod(0x48, dst_reg, src_reg), 0x89);
stx:			if (is_imm8(insn->off))
				EMIT2(add_2reg(0x40, dst_reg, src_reg), insn->off);
			else
				EMIT1_off32(add_2reg(0x80, dst_reg, src_reg),
					    insn->off);
			break;

			/* LDX: dst_reg = *(u8*)(src_reg + off) */
		case BPF_LDX | BPF_MEM | BPF_B:
			/* emit 'movzx rax, byte ptr [rax + off]' */
			EMIT3(add_2mod(0x48, src_reg, dst_reg), 0x0F, 0xB6);
			goto ldx;
		case BPF_LDX | BPF_MEM | BPF_H:
			/* emit 'movzx rax, word ptr [rax + off]' */
			EMIT3(add_2mod(0x48, src_reg, dst_reg), 0x0F, 0xB7);
			goto ldx;
		case BPF_LDX | BPF_MEM | BPF_W:
			/* emit 'mov eax, dword ptr [rax+0x14]' */
			if (is_ereg(dst_reg) || is_ereg(src_reg))
				EMIT2(add_2mod(0x40, src_reg, dst_reg), 0x8B);
			else
				EMIT1(0x8B);
			goto ldx;
		case BPF_LDX | BPF_MEM | BPF_DW:
			/* emit 'mov rax, qword ptr [rax+0x14]' */
			EMIT2(add_2mod(0x48, src_reg, dst_reg), 0x8B);
ldx:			/* if insn->off == 0 we can save one extra byte, but
			 * special case of x86 r13 which always needs an offset
			 * is not worth the hassle
			 */
			if (is_imm8(insn->off))
				EMIT2(add_2reg(0x40, src_reg, dst_reg), insn->off);
			else
				EMIT1_off32(add_2reg(0x80, src_reg, dst_reg),
					    insn->off);
			break;

			/* STX XADD: lock *(u32*)(dst_reg + off) += src_reg */
		case BPF_STX | BPF_XADD | BPF_W:
			/* emit 'lock add dword ptr [rax + off], eax' */
			if (is_ereg(dst_reg) || is_ereg(src_reg))
				EMIT3(0xF0, add_2mod(0x40, dst_reg, src_reg), 0x01);
			else
				EMIT2(0xF0, 0x01);
			goto xadd;
		case BPF_STX | BPF_XADD | BPF_DW:
			EMIT3(0xF0, add_2mod(0x48, dst_reg, src_reg), 0x01);
xadd:			if (is_imm8(insn->off))
				EMIT2(add_2reg(0x40, dst_reg, src_reg), insn->off);
			else
				EMIT1_off32(add_2reg(0x80, dst_reg, src_reg),
					    insn->off);
			break;

			/* call */
		case BPF_JMP | BPF_CALL:
			func = (u8 *) __bpf_call_base + imm32;
			jmp_offset = func - (image + addrs[i]);
			if (seen_ld_abs) {
				reload_skb_data = bpf_helper_changes_pkt_data(func);
				if (reload_skb_data) {
					EMIT1(0x57); /* push %rdi */
					jmp_offset += 22; /* pop, mov, sub, mov */
				} else {
					EMIT2(0x41, 0x52); /* push %r10 */
					EMIT2(0x41, 0x51); /* push %r9 */
					/* need to adjust jmp offset, since
					 * pop %r9, pop %r10 take 4 bytes after call insn
					 */
					jmp_offset += 4;
				}
			}
			if (!imm32 || !is_simm32(jmp_offset)) {
				pr_err("unsupported bpf func %d addr %p image %p\n",
				       imm32, func, image);
				return -EINVAL;
			}
			EMIT1_off32(0xE8, jmp_offset);
			if (seen_ld_abs) {
				if (reload_skb_data) {
					EMIT1(0x5F); /* pop %rdi */
					emit_load_skb_data_hlen(&prog);
				} else {
					EMIT2(0x41, 0x59); /* pop %r9 */
					EMIT2(0x41, 0x5A); /* pop %r10 */
				}
			}
			break;

		case BPF_JMP | BPF_CALL | BPF_X:
			emit_bpf_tail_call(&prog);
			break;

			/* cond jump */
		case BPF_JMP | BPF_JEQ | BPF_X:
		case BPF_JMP | BPF_JNE | BPF_X:
		case BPF_JMP | BPF_JGT | BPF_X:
		case BPF_JMP | BPF_JGE | BPF_X:
		case BPF_JMP | BPF_JSGT | BPF_X:
		case BPF_JMP | BPF_JSGE | BPF_X:
			/* cmp dst_reg, src_reg */
			EMIT3(add_2mod(0x48, dst_reg, src_reg), 0x39,
			      add_2reg(0xC0, dst_reg, src_reg));
			goto emit_cond_jmp;

		case BPF_JMP | BPF_JSET | BPF_X:
			/* test dst_reg, src_reg */
			EMIT3(add_2mod(0x48, dst_reg, src_reg), 0x85,
			      add_2reg(0xC0, dst_reg, src_reg));
			goto emit_cond_jmp;

		case BPF_JMP | BPF_JSET | BPF_K:
			/* test dst_reg, imm32 */
			EMIT1(add_1mod(0x48, dst_reg));
			EMIT2_off32(0xF7, add_1reg(0xC0, dst_reg), imm32);
			goto emit_cond_jmp;

		case BPF_JMP | BPF_JEQ | BPF_K:
		case BPF_JMP | BPF_JNE | BPF_K:
		case BPF_JMP | BPF_JGT | BPF_K:
		case BPF_JMP | BPF_JGE | BPF_K:
		case BPF_JMP | BPF_JSGT | BPF_K:
		case BPF_JMP | BPF_JSGE | BPF_K:
			/* cmp dst_reg, imm8/32 */
			EMIT1(add_1mod(0x48, dst_reg));

			if (is_imm8(imm32))
				EMIT3(0x83, add_1reg(0xF8, dst_reg), imm32);
			else
				EMIT2_off32(0x81, add_1reg(0xF8, dst_reg), imm32);

emit_cond_jmp:		/* convert BPF opcode to x86 */
			switch (BPF_OP(insn->code)) {
			case BPF_JEQ:
				jmp_cond = X86_JE;
				break;
			case BPF_JSET:
			case BPF_JNE:
				jmp_cond = X86_JNE;
				break;
			case BPF_JGT:
				/* GT is unsigned '>', JA in x86 */
				jmp_cond = X86_JA;
				break;
			case BPF_JGE:
				/* GE is unsigned '>=', JAE in x86 */
				jmp_cond = X86_JAE;
				break;
			case BPF_JSGT:
				/* signed '>', GT in x86 */
				jmp_cond = X86_JG;
				break;
			case BPF_JSGE:
				/* signed '>=', GE in x86 */
				jmp_cond = X86_JGE;
				break;
			default: /* to silence gcc warning */
				return -EFAULT;
			}
			jmp_offset = addrs[i + insn->off] - addrs[i];
			if (is_imm8(jmp_offset)) {
				EMIT2(jmp_cond, jmp_offset);
			} else if (is_simm32(jmp_offset)) {
				EMIT2_off32(0x0F, jmp_cond + 0x10, jmp_offset);
			} else {
				pr_err("cond_jmp gen bug %llx\n", jmp_offset);
				return -EFAULT;
			}

			break;

		case BPF_JMP | BPF_JA:
			jmp_offset = addrs[i + insn->off] - addrs[i];
			if (!jmp_offset)
				/* optimize out nop jumps */
				break;
emit_jmp:
			if (is_imm8(jmp_offset)) {
				EMIT2(0xEB, jmp_offset);
			} else if (is_simm32(jmp_offset)) {
				EMIT1_off32(0xE9, jmp_offset);
			} else {
				pr_err("jmp gen bug %llx\n", jmp_offset);
				return -EFAULT;
			}
			break;

		case BPF_LD | BPF_IND | BPF_W:
			func = sk_load_word;
			goto common_load;
		case BPF_LD | BPF_ABS | BPF_W:
			func = CHOOSE_LOAD_FUNC(imm32, sk_load_word);
common_load:
			ctx->seen_ld_abs = seen_ld_abs = true;
			jmp_offset = func - (image + addrs[i]);
			if (!func || !is_simm32(jmp_offset)) {
				pr_err("unsupported bpf func %d addr %p image %p\n",
				       imm32, func, image);
				return -EINVAL;
			}
			if (BPF_MODE(insn->code) == BPF_ABS) {
				/* mov %esi, imm32 */
				EMIT1_off32(0xBE, imm32);
			} else {
				/* mov %rsi, src_reg */
				EMIT_mov(BPF_REG_2, src_reg);
				if (imm32) {
					if (is_imm8(imm32))
						/* add %esi, imm8 */
						EMIT3(0x83, 0xC6, imm32);
					else
						/* add %esi, imm32 */
						EMIT2_off32(0x81, 0xC6, imm32);
				}
			}
			/* skb pointer is in R6 (%rbx), it will be copied into
			 * %rdi if skb_copy_bits() call is necessary.
			 * sk_load_* helpers also use %r10 and %r9d.
			 * See bpf_jit.S
			 */
			if (seen_ax_reg)
				/* r10 = skb->data, mov %r10, off32(%rbx) */
				EMIT3_off32(0x4c, 0x8b, 0x93,
					    offsetof(struct sk_buff, data));
			EMIT1_off32(0xE8, jmp_offset); /* call */
			break;

		case BPF_LD | BPF_IND | BPF_H:
			func = sk_load_half;
			goto common_load;
		case BPF_LD | BPF_ABS | BPF_H:
			func = CHOOSE_LOAD_FUNC(imm32, sk_load_half);
			goto common_load;
		case BPF_LD | BPF_IND | BPF_B:
			func = sk_load_byte;
			goto common_load;
		case BPF_LD | BPF_ABS | BPF_B:
			func = CHOOSE_LOAD_FUNC(imm32, sk_load_byte);
			goto common_load;

		case BPF_JMP | BPF_EXIT:
			if (seen_exit) {
				jmp_offset = ctx->cleanup_addr - addrs[i];
				goto emit_jmp;
			}
			seen_exit = true;
			/* update cleanup_addr */
			ctx->cleanup_addr = proglen;
			/* mov rbx, qword ptr [rbp-X] */
			EMIT3_off32(0x48, 0x8B, 0x9D, -STACKSIZE);
			/* mov r13, qword ptr [rbp-X] */
			EMIT3_off32(0x4C, 0x8B, 0xAD, -STACKSIZE + 8);
			/* mov r14, qword ptr [rbp-X] */
			EMIT3_off32(0x4C, 0x8B, 0xB5, -STACKSIZE + 16);
			/* mov r15, qword ptr [rbp-X] */
			EMIT3_off32(0x4C, 0x8B, 0xBD, -STACKSIZE + 24);

			EMIT1(0xC9); /* leave */
			EMIT1(0xC3); /* ret */
			break;

		default:
			/* By design x64 JIT should support all BPF instructions
			 * This error will be seen if new instruction was added
			 * to interpreter, but not to JIT
			 * or if there is junk in bpf_prog
			 */
			pr_err("bpf_jit: unknown opcode %02x\n", insn->code);
			return -EINVAL;
		}

		ilen = prog - temp;
		if (ilen > BPF_MAX_INSN_SIZE) {
			pr_err("bpf_jit: fatal insn size error\n");
			return -EFAULT;
		}

		if (image) {
			if (unlikely(proglen + ilen > oldproglen)) {
				pr_err("bpf_jit: fatal error\n");
				return -EFAULT;
			}
			memcpy(image + proglen, temp, ilen);
		}
		proglen += ilen;
		addrs[i] = proglen;
		prog = temp;
	}
	return proglen;
}

struct bpf_prog *bpf_int_jit_compile(struct bpf_prog *prog)
{
	struct bpf_binary_header *header = NULL;
	struct bpf_prog *tmp, *orig_prog = prog;
	int proglen, oldproglen = 0;
	struct jit_context ctx = {};
	bool tmp_blinded = false;
	u8 *image = NULL;
	int *addrs;
	int pass;
	int i;

	if (!bpf_jit_enable)
		return orig_prog;

	tmp = bpf_jit_blind_constants(prog);
	/* If blinding was requested and we failed during blinding,
	 * we must fall back to the interpreter.
	 */
	if (IS_ERR(tmp))
		return orig_prog;
	if (tmp != prog) {
		tmp_blinded = true;
		prog = tmp;
	}

	addrs = kmalloc(prog->len * sizeof(*addrs), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!addrs) {
		prog = orig_prog;
		goto out;
	}

	/* Before first pass, make a rough estimation of addrs[]
	 * each bpf instruction is translated to less than 64 bytes
	 */
	for (proglen = 0, i = 0; i < prog->len; i++) {
		proglen += 64;
		addrs[i] = proglen;
	}
	ctx.cleanup_addr = proglen;

	/* JITed image shrinks with every pass and the loop iterates
	 * until the image stops shrinking. Very large bpf programs
	 * may converge on the last pass. In such case do one more
	 * pass to emit the final image
	 */
	for (pass = 0; pass < 10 || image; pass++) {
		proglen = do_jit(prog, addrs, image, oldproglen, &ctx);
		if (proglen <= 0) {
			image = NULL;
			if (header)
				bpf_jit_binary_free(header);
			prog = orig_prog;
			goto out_addrs;
		}
		if (image) {
			if (proglen != oldproglen) {
				pr_err("bpf_jit: proglen=%d != oldproglen=%d\n",
				       proglen, oldproglen);
				prog = orig_prog;
				goto out_addrs;
			}
			break;
		}
		if (proglen == oldproglen) {
			header = bpf_jit_binary_alloc(proglen, &image,
						      1, jit_fill_hole);
			if (!header) {
				prog = orig_prog;
				goto out_addrs;
			}
		}
		oldproglen = proglen;
	}

	if (bpf_jit_enable > 1)
		bpf_jit_dump(prog->len, proglen, pass + 1, image);

	if (image) {
		bpf_flush_icache(header, image + proglen);
		set_memory_ro((unsigned long)header, header->pages);
		prog->bpf_func = (void *)image;
		prog->jited = 1;
	} else {
		prog = orig_prog;
	}

out_addrs:
	kfree(addrs);
out:
	if (tmp_blinded)
		bpf_jit_prog_release_other(prog, prog == orig_prog ?
					   tmp : orig_prog);
	return prog;
}

void bpf_jit_free(struct bpf_prog *fp)
{
	unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)fp->bpf_func & PAGE_MASK;
	struct bpf_binary_header *header = (void *)addr;

	if (!fp->jited)
		goto free_filter;

	set_memory_rw(addr, header->pages);
	bpf_jit_binary_free(header);

free_filter:
	bpf_prog_unlock_free(fp);
}