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path: root/net/sched/act_bpf.c
blob: 9e8cb43bc3fe581087fe5871c190cdd0b4fc5ef8 (plain) (blame)
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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
/*
 * Copyright (c) 2015 Jiri Pirko <jiri@resnulli.us>
 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>
#include <linux/filter.h>
#include <linux/bpf.h>

#include <net/netlink.h>
#include <net/pkt_sched.h>
#include <net/pkt_cls.h>

#include <linux/tc_act/tc_bpf.h>
#include <net/tc_act/tc_bpf.h>

#define ACT_BPF_NAME_LEN	256

struct tcf_bpf_cfg {
	struct bpf_prog *filter;
	struct sock_filter *bpf_ops;
	const char *bpf_name;
	u16 bpf_num_ops;
	bool is_ebpf;
};

static unsigned int bpf_net_id;
static struct tc_action_ops act_bpf_ops;

static int tcf_bpf_act(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tc_action *act,
		       struct tcf_result *res)
{
	bool at_ingress = skb_at_tc_ingress(skb);
	struct tcf_bpf *prog = to_bpf(act);
	struct bpf_prog *filter;
	int action, filter_res;

	tcf_lastuse_update(&prog->tcf_tm);
	bstats_cpu_update(this_cpu_ptr(prog->common.cpu_bstats), skb);

	rcu_read_lock();
	filter = rcu_dereference(prog->filter);
	if (at_ingress) {
		__skb_push(skb, skb->mac_len);
		bpf_compute_data_pointers(skb);
		filter_res = BPF_PROG_RUN(filter, skb);
		__skb_pull(skb, skb->mac_len);
	} else {
		bpf_compute_data_pointers(skb);
		filter_res = BPF_PROG_RUN(filter, skb);
	}
	rcu_read_unlock();

	/* A BPF program may overwrite the default action opcode.
	 * Similarly as in cls_bpf, if filter_res == -1 we use the
	 * default action specified from tc.
	 *
	 * In case a different well-known TC_ACT opcode has been
	 * returned, it will overwrite the default one.
	 *
	 * For everything else that is unkown, TC_ACT_UNSPEC is
	 * returned.
	 */
	switch (filter_res) {
	case TC_ACT_PIPE:
	case TC_ACT_RECLASSIFY:
	case TC_ACT_OK:
	case TC_ACT_REDIRECT:
		action = filter_res;
		break;
	case TC_ACT_SHOT:
		action = filter_res;
		qstats_drop_inc(this_cpu_ptr(prog->common.cpu_qstats));
		break;
	case TC_ACT_UNSPEC:
		action = prog->tcf_action;
		break;
	default:
		action = TC_ACT_UNSPEC;
		break;
	}

	return action;
}

static bool tcf_bpf_is_ebpf(const struct tcf_bpf *prog)
{
	return !prog->bpf_ops;
}

static int tcf_bpf_dump_bpf_info(const struct tcf_bpf *prog,
				 struct sk_buff *skb)
{
	struct nlattr *nla;

	if (nla_put_u16(skb, TCA_ACT_BPF_OPS_LEN, prog->bpf_num_ops))
		return -EMSGSIZE;

	nla = nla_reserve(skb, TCA_ACT_BPF_OPS, prog->bpf_num_ops *
			  sizeof(struct sock_filter));
	if (nla == NULL)
		return -EMSGSIZE;

	memcpy(nla_data(nla), prog->bpf_ops, nla_len(nla));

	return 0;
}

static int tcf_bpf_dump_ebpf_info(const struct tcf_bpf *prog,
				  struct sk_buff *skb)
{
	struct nlattr *nla;

	if (prog->bpf_name &&
	    nla_put_string(skb, TCA_ACT_BPF_NAME, prog->bpf_name))
		return -EMSGSIZE;

	if (nla_put_u32(skb, TCA_ACT_BPF_ID, prog->filter->aux->id))
		return -EMSGSIZE;

	nla = nla_reserve(skb, TCA_ACT_BPF_TAG, sizeof(prog->filter->tag));
	if (nla == NULL)
		return -EMSGSIZE;

	memcpy(nla_data(nla), prog->filter->tag, nla_len(nla));

	return 0;
}

static int tcf_bpf_dump(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tc_action *act,
			int bind, int ref)
{
	unsigned char *tp = skb_tail_pointer(skb);
	struct tcf_bpf *prog = to_bpf(act);
	struct tc_act_bpf opt = {
		.index   = prog->tcf_index,
		.refcnt  = refcount_read(&prog->tcf_refcnt) - ref,
		.bindcnt = atomic_read(&prog->tcf_bindcnt) - bind,
	};
	struct tcf_t tm;
	int ret;

	spin_lock_bh(&prog->tcf_lock);
	opt.action = prog->tcf_action;
	if (nla_put(skb, TCA_ACT_BPF_PARMS, sizeof(opt), &opt))
		goto nla_put_failure;

	if (tcf_bpf_is_ebpf(prog))
		ret = tcf_bpf_dump_ebpf_info(prog, skb);
	else
		ret = tcf_bpf_dump_bpf_info(prog, skb);
	if (ret)
		goto nla_put_failure;

	tcf_tm_dump(&tm, &prog->tcf_tm);
	if (nla_put_64bit(skb, TCA_ACT_BPF_TM, sizeof(tm), &tm,
			  TCA_ACT_BPF_PAD))
		goto nla_put_failure;

	spin_unlock_bh(&prog->tcf_lock);
	return skb->len;

nla_put_failure:
	spin_unlock_bh(&prog->tcf_lock);
	nlmsg_trim(skb, tp);
	return -1;
}

static const struct nla_policy act_bpf_policy[TCA_ACT_BPF_MAX + 1] = {
	[TCA_ACT_BPF_PARMS]	= { .len = sizeof(struct tc_act_bpf) },
	[TCA_ACT_BPF_FD]	= { .type = NLA_U32 },
	[TCA_ACT_BPF_NAME]	= { .type = NLA_NUL_STRING,
				    .len = ACT_BPF_NAME_LEN },
	[TCA_ACT_BPF_OPS_LEN]	= { .type = NLA_U16 },
	[TCA_ACT_BPF_OPS]	= { .type = NLA_BINARY,
				    .len = sizeof(struct sock_filter) * BPF_MAXINSNS },
};

static int tcf_bpf_init_from_ops(struct nlattr **tb, struct tcf_bpf_cfg *cfg)
{
	struct sock_filter *bpf_ops;
	struct sock_fprog_kern fprog_tmp;
	struct bpf_prog *fp;
	u16 bpf_size, bpf_num_ops;
	int ret;

	bpf_num_ops = nla_get_u16(tb[TCA_ACT_BPF_OPS_LEN]);
	if (bpf_num_ops	> BPF_MAXINSNS || bpf_num_ops == 0)
		return -EINVAL;

	bpf_size = bpf_num_ops * sizeof(*bpf_ops);
	if (bpf_size != nla_len(tb[TCA_ACT_BPF_OPS]))
		return -EINVAL;

	bpf_ops = kmemdup(nla_data(tb[TCA_ACT_BPF_OPS]), bpf_size, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (bpf_ops == NULL)
		return -ENOMEM;

	fprog_tmp.len = bpf_num_ops;
	fprog_tmp.filter = bpf_ops;

	ret = bpf_prog_create(&fp, &fprog_tmp);
	if (ret < 0) {
		kfree(bpf_ops);
		return ret;
	}

	cfg->bpf_ops = bpf_ops;
	cfg->bpf_num_ops = bpf_num_ops;
	cfg->filter = fp;
	cfg->is_ebpf = false;

	return 0;
}

static int tcf_bpf_init_from_efd(struct nlattr **tb, struct tcf_bpf_cfg *cfg)
{
	struct bpf_prog *fp;
	char *name = NULL;
	u32 bpf_fd;

	bpf_fd = nla_get_u32(tb[TCA_ACT_BPF_FD]);

	fp = bpf_prog_get_type(bpf_fd, BPF_PROG_TYPE_SCHED_ACT);
	if (IS_ERR(fp))
		return PTR_ERR(fp);

	if (tb[TCA_ACT_BPF_NAME]) {
		name = nla_memdup(tb[TCA_ACT_BPF_NAME], GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!name) {
			bpf_prog_put(fp);
			return -ENOMEM;
		}
	}

	cfg->bpf_name = name;
	cfg->filter = fp;
	cfg->is_ebpf = true;

	return 0;
}

static void tcf_bpf_cfg_cleanup(const struct tcf_bpf_cfg *cfg)
{
	struct bpf_prog *filter = cfg->filter;

	if (filter) {
		if (cfg->is_ebpf)
			bpf_prog_put(filter);
		else
			bpf_prog_destroy(filter);
	}

	kfree(cfg->bpf_ops);
	kfree(cfg->bpf_name);
}

static void tcf_bpf_prog_fill_cfg(const struct tcf_bpf *prog,
				  struct tcf_bpf_cfg *cfg)
{
	cfg->is_ebpf = tcf_bpf_is_ebpf(prog);
	/* updates to prog->filter are prevented, since it's called either
	 * with tcf lock or during final cleanup in rcu callback
	 */
	cfg->filter = rcu_dereference_protected(prog->filter, 1);

	cfg->bpf_ops = prog->bpf_ops;
	cfg->bpf_name = prog->bpf_name;
}

static int tcf_bpf_init(struct net *net, struct nlattr *nla,
			struct nlattr *est, struct tc_action **act,
			int replace, int bind, bool rtnl_held,
			struct tcf_proto *tp, u32 flags,
			struct netlink_ext_ack *extack)
{
	struct tc_action_net *tn = net_generic(net, bpf_net_id);
	struct nlattr *tb[TCA_ACT_BPF_MAX + 1];
	struct tcf_chain *goto_ch = NULL;
	struct tcf_bpf_cfg cfg, old;
	struct tc_act_bpf *parm;
	struct tcf_bpf *prog;
	bool is_bpf, is_ebpf;
	int ret, res = 0;
	u32 index;

	if (!nla)
		return -EINVAL;

	ret = nla_parse_nested_deprecated(tb, TCA_ACT_BPF_MAX, nla,
					  act_bpf_policy, NULL);
	if (ret < 0)
		return ret;

	if (!tb[TCA_ACT_BPF_PARMS])
		return -EINVAL;

	parm = nla_data(tb[TCA_ACT_BPF_PARMS]);
	index = parm->index;
	ret = tcf_idr_check_alloc(tn, &index, act, bind);
	if (!ret) {
		ret = tcf_idr_create(tn, index, est, act,
				     &act_bpf_ops, bind, true);
		if (ret < 0) {
			tcf_idr_cleanup(tn, index);
			return ret;
		}

		res = ACT_P_CREATED;
	} else if (ret > 0) {
		/* Don't override defaults. */
		if (bind)
			return 0;

		if (!replace) {
			tcf_idr_release(*act, bind);
			return -EEXIST;
		}
	} else {
		return ret;
	}

	ret = tcf_action_check_ctrlact(parm->action, tp, &goto_ch, extack);
	if (ret < 0)
		goto release_idr;

	is_bpf = tb[TCA_ACT_BPF_OPS_LEN] && tb[TCA_ACT_BPF_OPS];
	is_ebpf = tb[TCA_ACT_BPF_FD];

	if ((!is_bpf && !is_ebpf) || (is_bpf && is_ebpf)) {
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto put_chain;
	}

	memset(&cfg, 0, sizeof(cfg));

	ret = is_bpf ? tcf_bpf_init_from_ops(tb, &cfg) :
		       tcf_bpf_init_from_efd(tb, &cfg);
	if (ret < 0)
		goto put_chain;

	prog = to_bpf(*act);

	spin_lock_bh(&prog->tcf_lock);
	if (res != ACT_P_CREATED)
		tcf_bpf_prog_fill_cfg(prog, &old);

	prog->bpf_ops = cfg.bpf_ops;
	prog->bpf_name = cfg.bpf_name;

	if (cfg.bpf_num_ops)
		prog->bpf_num_ops = cfg.bpf_num_ops;

	goto_ch = tcf_action_set_ctrlact(*act, parm->action, goto_ch);
	rcu_assign_pointer(prog->filter, cfg.filter);
	spin_unlock_bh(&prog->tcf_lock);

	if (goto_ch)
		tcf_chain_put_by_act(goto_ch);

	if (res == ACT_P_CREATED) {
		tcf_idr_insert(tn, *act);
	} else {
		/* make sure the program being replaced is no longer executing */
		synchronize_rcu();
		tcf_bpf_cfg_cleanup(&old);
	}

	return res;

put_chain:
	if (goto_ch)
		tcf_chain_put_by_act(goto_ch);

release_idr:
	tcf_idr_release(*act, bind);
	return ret;
}

static void tcf_bpf_cleanup(struct tc_action *act)
{
	struct tcf_bpf_cfg tmp;

	tcf_bpf_prog_fill_cfg(to_bpf(act), &tmp);
	tcf_bpf_cfg_cleanup(&tmp);
}

static int tcf_bpf_walker(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb,
			  struct netlink_callback *cb, int type,
			  const struct tc_action_ops *ops,
			  struct netlink_ext_ack *extack)
{
	struct tc_action_net *tn = net_generic(net, bpf_net_id);

	return tcf_generic_walker(tn, skb, cb, type, ops, extack);
}

static int tcf_bpf_search(struct net *net, struct tc_action **a, u32 index)
{
	struct tc_action_net *tn = net_generic(net, bpf_net_id);

	return tcf_idr_search(tn, a, index);
}

static struct tc_action_ops act_bpf_ops __read_mostly = {
	.kind		=	"bpf",
	.id		=	TCA_ID_BPF,
	.owner		=	THIS_MODULE,
	.act		=	tcf_bpf_act,
	.dump		=	tcf_bpf_dump,
	.cleanup	=	tcf_bpf_cleanup,
	.init		=	tcf_bpf_init,
	.walk		=	tcf_bpf_walker,
	.lookup		=	tcf_bpf_search,
	.size		=	sizeof(struct tcf_bpf),
};

static __net_init int bpf_init_net(struct net *net)
{
	struct tc_action_net *tn = net_generic(net, bpf_net_id);

	return tc_action_net_init(net, tn, &act_bpf_ops);
}

static void __net_exit bpf_exit_net(struct list_head *net_list)
{
	tc_action_net_exit(net_list, bpf_net_id);
}

static struct pernet_operations bpf_net_ops = {
	.init = bpf_init_net,
	.exit_batch = bpf_exit_net,
	.id   = &bpf_net_id,
	.size = sizeof(struct tc_action_net),
};

static int __init bpf_init_module(void)
{
	return tcf_register_action(&act_bpf_ops, &bpf_net_ops);
}

static void __exit bpf_cleanup_module(void)
{
	tcf_unregister_action(&act_bpf_ops, &bpf_net_ops);
}

module_init(bpf_init_module);
module_exit(bpf_cleanup_module);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Jiri Pirko <jiri@resnulli.us>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("TC BPF based action");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");