aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstatshomepage
path: root/man/pass.1
blob: 4388401a29383c5b2cf1d04fde6e4c10ec23a1b4 (plain) (blame)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
.TH PASS 1 "2012 Sept 2" ZX2C4 "Password Store"

.SH NAME
pass - stores, retrieves, generates, and synchronizes passwords securely

.SH SYNOPSIS
.B pass
[ 
.I COMMAND
] [ 
.I OPTIONS
]... [ 
.I ARGS
]...

.SH DESCRIPTION

.B pass 
is a very simple password store that keeps passwords inside 
.BR gpg (1)
encrypted files inside a simple directory tree residing at 
.IR $HOME/.password-store ,
or the environment variable \fBPASSWORD_STORE_DIR\fP if it is set.
The
.B pass
utility provides a series of commands for manipulating the password store,
allowing the user to add, remove, edit, synchronize, generate, and manipulate
passwords.

If no COMMAND is specified, COMMAND defaults to either
.B show
or
.BR ls ,
depending on the type of specifier in ARGS. Otherwise COMMAND must be one of
the valid commands listed below.

Several of the commands below rely on or provide additional functionality if
the password store directory is also a git repository. If the password store
directory is a git repository, all password store modification commands will
cause a corresponding git commit. See the \fIEXAMPLES\fP section for an
extended description using \fBinit\fP and
.BR git (1).

The \fBinit\fP command must be run before other commands in order to initialize
the password store with the correct gpg key id.

There is a corresponding bash completion script for use with tab completing
password names in
.BR bash (1).

.SH COMMANDS

.TP
\fBinit\fP \fIgpg-id\fP
Initialize new password storage and use
.I gpg-id
for encryption. This command must be run first before a password store can be
used.
.TP
\fBls\fP \fIsubfolder\fP
List names of passwords inside the tree at
.I subfolder
by using the
.BR tree (1)
program. This command is alternatively named \fBlist\fP.
.TP
\fBshow\fP [ \fI--clip\fP, \fI-c\fP ] \fIpass-name\fP
Decrypt and print a password named \fIpass-name\fP. If \fI--clip\fP or \fI-c\fP
is specified, do not print the password but instead copy the first line to the
clipboard using
.BR xclip (1)
and then restore the clipboard after 45 seconds.
.TP
\fBinsert\fP [ \fI--no-echo\fP, \fI-n\fP | \fI--multiline\fP, \fI-m\fP ] \fIpass-name\fP
Insert a new password into the password store called \fIpass-name\fP. This will
read the new password from standard in. If \fI--no-echo\fP or \fI-n\fP is specified, do
disable keyboard echo when the password is entered and confirm the password by asking
for it twice. If \fI--multiline\fP or \fI-m\fP is specified, lines will be read until
EOF or Ctrl+D is reached. Otherwise, only a single line from standard in is read.
.TP
\fBedit\fP \fIpass-name\fP
Insert a new password or edit an existing password using the default text editor specified
by the environment variable \fBEDITOR\fP or using
.BR vi (1)
as a fallback. This mode makes use of temporary files for editing, but care is taken to
ensure that temporary files are created in \fI/dev/shm\fP in order to avoid writing to
difficult-to-erase disk sectors. If \fI/dev/shm\fP is not accessible, fallback to
the ordinary \fBTMPDIR\fP location, and print a warning.
.TP
\fBgenerate\fP [ \fI--no-symbols\fP, \fI-n\fP ] [ \fI--clip\fP, \fI-c\fP ] \fIpass-name pass-length\fP
Generate a new password using
.BR pwgen (1)
of length \fIpass-length\fP and insert into \fIpass-name\fP. If \fI--no-symbols\fP or \fI-n\fP
is specified, do not use any non-alphanumeric characters in the generated password.
If \fI--clip\fP or \fI-c\fP is specified, do not print the password but instead copy
it to the clipboard using
.BR xclip (1)
and then restore the clipboard after 45 seconds.
.TP
\fBrm\fP \fIpass-name\fP
Remove the password named \fIpass-name\fP from the password store. This command is
alternatively named \fBremove\fP.
.TP
\fBpush\fP
If the password store is a git repository, push the latest changes using
.BR git-push (1).
.TP
\fBpull\fP
If the password store is a git repository, pull the latest changes using
.BR git-pull (1).
.TP
\fBgit\fP \fIgit-command-args\fP...
If the password store is a git repository, pass \fIgit-command-args\fP as arguments to
.BR git (1)
using the password store as the git repository.
.TP
\fBhelp\fP
Show usage message.

.SH SIMPLE EXAMPLES

.TP
Initialize password store
.B zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass init Jason@zx2c4.com 
.br
mkdir: created directory \[u2018]/home/zx2c4/.password-store\[u2019] 
.br
Password store initialized for Jason@zx2c4.com.
.TP
List existing passwords in store
.B zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass 
.br
Password Store
.br
\[u251C]\[u2500]\[u2500] Business 
.br
\[u2502]   \[u251C]\[u2500]\[u2500] some-silly-business-site.com 
.br
\[u2502]   \[u2514]\[u2500]\[u2500] another-business-site.net 
.br
\[u251C]\[u2500]\[u2500] Email 
.br
\[u2502]   \[u251C]\[u2500]\[u2500] donenfeld.com 
.br
\[u2502]   \[u2514]\[u2500]\[u2500] zx2c4.com 
.br
\[u2514]\[u2500]\[u2500] France 
.br
    \[u251C]\[u2500]\[u2500] bank 
.br
    \[u251C]\[u2500]\[u2500] freebox 
.br
    \[u2514]\[u2500]\[u2500] mobilephone  
.br

.br
Alternatively, "\fBpass ls\fP".
.TP
Show existing password
.B zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass Email/zx2c4.com 
.br
sup3rh4x3rizmynam3 
.TP
Copy existing password to clipboard
.B zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass -c Email/zx2c4.com 
.br
Copied Email/jason@zx2c4.com to clipboard. Will clear in 45 seconds.
.TP
Add password to store
.B zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass insert Business/cheese-whiz-factory 
.br
Enter password for Business/cheese-whiz-factory: omg so much cheese what am i gonna do
.TP
Add multiline password to store 
.B zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass insert -m Business/cheese-whiz-factory 
.br
Enter contents of Business/cheese-whiz-factory and press Ctrl+D when finished: 
.br
 
.br
Hey this is my 
.br
awesome 
.br
multi 
.br
line 
.br
passworrrrrrrrd. 
.br
^D 
.TP
Generate new password
.B zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass generate Email/jasondonenfeld.com 15 
.br
The generated password to Email/jasondonenfeld.com is: 
.br
$(-QF&Q=IN2nFBx
.TP
Generate new alphanumeric password
.B zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass -n generate Email/jasondonenfeld.com 12
.br
The generated password to Email/jasondonenfeld.com is: 
.br
YqFsMkBeO6di
.TP
Generate new password and copy it to the clipboard
.B zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass -c generate Email/jasondonenfeld.com 19
.br
Copied Email/jasondonenfeld.com to clipboard. Will clear in 45 seconds.
.TP
Remove password from store
.B zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass remove Business/cheese-whiz-factory 
.br
rm: remove regular file \[u2018]/home/zx2c4/.password-store/Business/cheese-whiz-factory.gpg\[u2019]? y 
.br
removed \[u2018]/home/zx2c4/.password-store/Business/cheese-whiz-factory.gpg\[u2019]

.SH EXTENDED GIT EXAMPLE
Here, we initialize new password store, create a git repository, and then manipulate and sync passwords. Make note of the arguments to the first call of \fBpass push\fP; consult
.BR git-push (1)
for more information.

.B zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass init Jason@zx2c4.com 
.br
mkdir: created directory \[u2018]/home/zx2c4/.password-store\[u2019] 
.br
Password store initialized for Jason@zx2c4.com. 

.B zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass git init 
.br
Initialized empty Git repository in /home/zx2c4/.password-store/.git/ 

.B zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass git remote add origin kexec.com:pass-store 

.B zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass generate Amazon/amazonemail@email.com 21 
.br
mkdir: created directory \[u2018]/home/zx2c4/.password-store/Amazon\[u2019] 
.br
[master (root-commit) 30fdc1e] Added generated password for Amazon/amazonemail@email.com to store. 
.br
1 file changed, 0 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-) 
.br
create mode 100644 Amazon/amazonemail@email.com.gpg 
.br
The generated password to Amazon/amazonemail@email.com is: 
.br
<5m,_BrZY`antNDxKN<0A 

.B zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass push -u --all 
.br
Counting objects: 4, done. 
.br
Delta compression using up to 2 threads. 
.br
Compressing objects: 100% (3/3), done. 
.br
Writing objects: 100% (4/4), 921 bytes, done. 
.br
Total 4 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0) 
.br
To kexec.com:pass-store 
.br
* [new branch]      master -> master 
.br
Branch master set up to track remote branch master from origin. 

.B zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass insert Amazon/otheraccount@email.com 
.br
Enter password for Amazon/otheraccount@email.com: som3r3a11yb1gp4ssw0rd!!88** 
.br
[master b9b6746] Added given password for Amazon/otheraccount@email.com to store. 
.br
1 file changed, 0 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-) 
.br
create mode 100644 Amazon/otheraccount@email.com.gpg 

.B zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass rm Amazon/amazonemail@email.com 
.br
rm: remove regular file \[u2018]/home/zx2c4/.password-store/Amazon/amazonemail@email.com.gpg\[u2019]? y 
.br
removed \[u2018]/home/zx2c4/.password-store/Amazon/amazonemail@email.com.gpg\[u2019] 
.br
rm 'Amazon/amazonemail@email.com.gpg' 
.br
[master 288b379] Removed Amazon/amazonemail@email.com from store. 
.br
1 file changed, 0 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-) 
.br
delete mode 100644 Amazon/amazonemail@email.com.gpg 

.B zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass push 
.br
Counting objects: 9, done. 
.br
Delta compression using up to 2 threads. 
.br
Compressing objects: 100% (5/5), done. 
.br
Writing objects: 100% (7/7), 1.25 KiB, done. 
.br
Total 7 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0) 
.br
To kexec.com:pass-store

.SH FILES

.TP
.B ~/.password-store
The password storage directory.
.TP
.B ~/.password-store/.gpg-id
Contains the gpg key identification used for encryption and decryption. This should
be set using the \fBinit\fP command.

.SH SEE ALSO
.BR gpg (1),
.BR pwgen (1),
.BR git (1),
.BR xclip (1).

.SH AUTHOR
.B pass
was written by
.MT Jason@zx2c4.com
Jason A. Donenfeld
.ME .
For updates and more information, a project page is available on the
.UR http://\:zx2c4.com/\:projects/\:password-store
World Wide Web
.UE .

.SH COPYING
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301, USA.