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2020-03-25.gitignore: add SPDX License IdentifierMasahiro Yamada1-0/+1
Add SPDX License Identifier to all .gitignore files. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2020-02-04kbuild: rename hostprogs-y/always to hostprogs/always-yMasahiro Yamada1-6/+2
In old days, the "host-progs" syntax was used for specifying host programs. It was renamed to the current "hostprogs-y" in 2004. It is typically useful in scripts/Makefile because it allows Kbuild to selectively compile host programs based on the kernel configuration. This commit renames like follows: always -> always-y hostprogs-y -> hostprogs So, scripts/Makefile will look like this: always-$(CONFIG_BUILD_BIN2C) += ... always-$(CONFIG_KALLSYMS) += ... ... hostprogs := $(always-y) $(always-m) I think this makes more sense because a host program is always a host program, irrespective of the kernel configuration. We want to specify which ones to compile by CONFIG options, so always-y will be handier. The "always", "hostprogs-y", "hostprogs-m" will be kept for backward compatibility for a while. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>
2019-05-30treewide: Replace GPLv2 boilerplate/reference with SPDX - rule 156Thomas Gleixner2-29/+2
Based on 1 normalized pattern(s): this program is free software you can redistribute it and or modify it under the terms of the gnu general public license as published by the free software foundation either version 2 of the license or at your option any later version this program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful but without any warranty without even the implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose see the gnu general public license for more details you should have received a copy of the gnu general public license along with this program if not write to the free software foundation inc 59 temple place suite 330 boston ma 02111 1307 usa extracted by the scancode license scanner the SPDX license identifier GPL-2.0-or-later has been chosen to replace the boilerplate/reference in 1334 file(s). Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Allison Randal <allison@lohutok.net> Reviewed-by: Richard Fontana <rfontana@redhat.com> Cc: linux-spdx@vger.kernel.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190527070033.113240726@linutronix.de Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2018-12-01kbuild: announce removal of SUBDIRS if usedMasahiro Yamada1-1/+1
SUBDIRS has been kept as a backward compatibility since commit ("[PATCH] kbuild: external module support") in 2002. We do not need multiple ways to do the same thing, so I will remove SUBDIRS after the Linux 5.3 release. I cleaned up in-tree code, and updated the document so that nobody would try to use it. Meanwhile, display the following warning if SUBDIRS is used. Makefile:189: ================= WARNING ================ Makefile:190: 'SUBDIRS' will be removed after Linux 5.3 Makefile:191: Please use 'M=' or 'KBUILD_EXTMOD' instead Makefile:192: ========================================== Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Acked-by: Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@bootlin.com> # for scx200_docflash.c Acked-by: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net> # for scx200_wdt.c
2017-11-13Merge tag 'docs-4.15' of git://git.lwn.net/linuxLinus Torvalds1-3/+3
Pull documentation updates from Jonathan Corbet: "A relatively calm cycle for the docs tree again. - The old driver statement has been added to the kernel docs. - We have a couple of new helper scripts. find-unused-docs.sh from Sayli Karnic will point out kerneldoc comments that are not actually used in the documentation. Jani Nikula's documentation-file-ref-check finds references to non-existing files. - A new ftrace document from Steve Rostedt. - Vinod Koul converted the dmaengine docs to RST Beyond that, it's mostly simple fixes. This set reaches outside of Documentation/ a bit more than most. In all cases, the changes are to comment docs, mostly from Randy, in places where there didn't seem to be anybody better to take them" * tag 'docs-4.15' of git://git.lwn.net/linux: (52 commits) documentation: fb: update list of available compiled-in fonts MAINTAINERS: update DMAengine documentation location dmaengine: doc: ReSTize pxa_dma doc dmaengine: doc: ReSTize dmatest doc dmaengine: doc: ReSTize client API doc dmaengine: doc: ReSTize provider doc dmaengine: doc: Add ReST style dmaengine document ftrace/docs: Add documentation on how to use ftrace from within the kernel bug-hunting.rst: Fix an example and a typo in a Sphinx tag scripts: Add a script to find unused documentation samples: Convert timers to use timer_setup() documentation: kernel-api: add more info on bitmap functions Documentation: fix selftests related file refs Documentation: fix ref to power basic-pm-debugging Documentation: fix ref to trace stm content Documentation: fix ref to coccinelle content Documentation: fix ref to workqueue content Documentation: fix ref to sphinx/kerneldoc.py Documentation: fix locking rt-mutex doc refs docs: dev-tools: correct Coccinelle version number ...
2017-11-02License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no licenseGreg Kroah-Hartman1-0/+1
Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license. By default all files without license information are under the default license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2. Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0' SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text. This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and Philippe Ombredanne. How this work was done: Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of the use cases: - file had no licensing information it it. - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it, - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information, Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords. The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files. The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s) to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was: - Files considered eligible had to be source code files. - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5 lines of source - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5 lines). All documentation files were explicitly excluded. The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license identifiers to apply. - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was considered to have no license information in it, and the top level COPYING file license applied. For non */uapi/* files that summary was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 11139 and resulted in the first patch in this series. If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930 and resulted in the second patch in this series. - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in it (per prior point). Results summary: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------ GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270 GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17 LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15 GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14 ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5 LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4 LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1 and that resulted in the third patch in this series. - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became the concluded license(s). - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a license but the other didn't, or they both detected different licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred. - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics). - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier, the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later in time. In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so they are related. Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks in about 15000 files. In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the correct identifier. Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch version early this week with: - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected license ids and scores - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+ files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the different types of files to be modified. These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to generate the patches. Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2017-10-19samples: Convert timers to use timer_setup()Kees Cook1-3/+3
In preparation for unconditionally passing the struct timer_list pointer to all timer callbacks, switch to using the new timer_setup() and from_timer() to pass the timer pointer explicitly. Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
2016-12-11make use of make variable CURDIR instead of calling pwdUwe Kleine-König1-1/+1
make already provides the current working directory in a variable, so make use of it instead of forking a shell. Also replace usage of PWD by CURDIR. PWD is provided by most shells, but not all, so this makes the build system more robust. Signed-off-by: Uwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.com>
2016-04-28samples: connector: from Documentation to samples directoryArnd Bergmann4-0/+468
A small bug with the new autoksyms support showed that there are two kernel modules in the Documentation directory that qualify as samples, while all other samples are in the samples/ directory. This patch was originally meant as a workaround for that bug, but it has now been solved in a different way. However, I still think it makes sense as a cleanup to consolidate all sample code in one place. Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>